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The Top Quark is a Boson

 

The Top Quark is a Boson

 

Richard Lighthouse

 

 

 

The Top Quark is a Boson

Published by Richard Lighthouse at Shakespir

Copyright © 2016 by Richard Lighthouse. All rights reserved.

 

ISBN: 9781370785643

 

 

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning, or otherwise, except as permitted under Section 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without the prior written permission of the Copyright holder. If you would like to share this document with a colleague or friend, encourage them to download their own copy at Shakespir.com

 

www.Shakespir.com/books/view/680460

 

Limit of Liability/Disclaimer of Warranty: While the author has used his best efforts in preparing this document, he makes no representations or warranties with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents and specifically disclaims any implied warranties or fitness for a particular purpose.

 

 

26 September 2014 – original (Previous Paper)

Revision 3B – 9 November 2016

Houston, Texas, U.S.A.

 

 

The Top Quark is a Boson

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Chapter 1:

Introduction

 

Chapter 2:

Conclusions

 

Chapter 3:

References

 

 

 

Abstract

 

 

This short technical paper presents a new standard model for Elementary Particles. All elementary particle masses are related by simple math. This math is similar to the math used for wifi signals and it is called 1024-QAM (Quadrature Amplitude Modulation). The 1024-QAM table graphically displays how all elementary particles are related, similar to the Standard Periodic Table in chemistry. If we line up all of the particle masses in order, we find there are a number of “gaps.” These are called the mass gaps, and they line up perfectly with the simple math of 1024-QAM, which fits the sequence of elementary particle masses. Even a child can see the simple pattern. The mathematical pattern provides proof that the Top Quark is a Boson. Supersymmetry (SUSY) is also found to occur with 1024-QAM. Mass Groups 1 thru 8 have heavyweight counterparts which are found in Mass Groups 9 thru 16. 4 new particles are predicted to be discovered between 1 to 15 TeV, and 4 new particles are predicted to be discovered between 50 to 200 TeV. Numerous other new particles are predicted using 1024-QAM. Readers are also encouraged to review the work of Theodore Lach. His equation ln (0.511/1777.1) = -3e

indicates that particle masses are predictable. This short ebook provides compelling evidence that our universe is literally blinking, off and on, at 1.039 THz.

 

 

1. Introduction

 

 

The math for the QAM table is simple and elegant. No previous particle model has been able to explain the mass gaps. The QAM model beautifully explains the mass gaps.

 

QAM stands for Quadrature Amplitude Modulation.

 

It is recommended that readers review reference [1] & [2], as the following discussion will make more sense.

 

 

 

2. 1024-QAM Format

 

[F
igure 1.] This is the 10-bit format for 1024-QAM. Each position has 4 possible data values: 00, 01, 10, and 11. This equals a total of 1024 possible particles.

 

 

 

Figure 2. Periodic Table for Elementary Particles showing all 16 mass groups. This is the new standard model. Note how the particles appear in groups of four. This is typical of a QAM or wifi signal. They are arranged by mass groups in a natural pattern. This is the simple math that is used for wifi signals and it also relates all elementary particles. It provides compelling evidence that our universe is literally blinking, off and on, at a high frequency. Note that the pattern of quarks and leptons can be “filled-in” from the previously available known data. Although it may need some minor corrections from what is shown in this table, the pattern is basically predictable.

 

 

 

Figure 3 Mass Groups 9 & 10 shown with estimated mass values. These mass ranges are rough estimates, intended for experimental planning purposes. Photino is probably in the range of 0.750 TeV. This is likely the latest particle at CERN.

 

 

3. Dark Matter

 

As previously noted in another paper, the Quatern particle is the heavyweight counterpart for the Boson. Its function is similar to the Boson.

 

The table information suggests that Dark Matter is comprised of the heavyweight particles, which means that half of the particles in our physical universe are dark matter. These particles are significantly higher in mass value, but generally have shorter lifespans. Once we are able to determine the electromagnetic frequency range for photinos – we should be able “see” this dark matter.

 

 

4. Further Research

 

 

This preliminary model needs further research. The readers input and suggestions are requested. Readers are encouraged to review the work of Theodore Lach (Reference 8). His equation

 

ln (0.511/1777.1) = -3e

 

seems to indicate that particle masses are predictable. Note these are existing particle masses from the Standard Model.

 

 

5. Conclusions

 

 

Mass Gaps, charge, spin and amplitude are readily identified and arranged by a Digital-QAM table.

 

Other conclusions:

 

 

1) There are numerous particles that can be identified and discovered by using the QAM digital table.

 

2) There must be a mathematical equation associating the mass values in a natural pattern. The precise equation would be very helpful if known. Probably similar to Theodore Lach’s equation.

 

3) Prediction: 4 new particles will be discovered between 0.6 to 15 TeV/c2

 

4) Prediction: 4 new particles will be discovered between 50 to 200 TeV/c2

 

5) Prediction: 4 new particles will be discovered between 1 to 30 PeV/c2.

 

 

Readers are encouraged to read the associated technical papers at Shakespir.com, lulu.com, amazon, barnandnoble, kobo.com, and apple ibooks.

 

 

 

This is a living document. The author reserves the right to make corrections and changes.

 

 

 

10. References

 

1. Richard Lighthouse, Mathematical Solution Unifying the Four Fundamental Forces in Nature, Shakespir.com; 2013. https://www.Shakespir.com/books/view/374500

2. Richard Lighthouse, The First Periodic Table for Elementary Particles; Shakespir.com; 2014. https://www.Shakespir.com/books/view/461826

3. Richard Lighthouse, The Discovery of Parallel Universes, Shakespir.com; 2013.

https://www.Shakespir.com/books/view/376593

4. Richard Lighthouse, Identification of Elementary Particles in the Mass Groups, Shakespir.com; 2014. https://www.Shakespir.com/books/view/445062

5. Richard Lighthouse, Anomalous Magnetic Moment: Source and Explanation, Shakespir.com; 2014. https://www.Shakespir.com/books/view/447537

6. Richard Lighthouse, Elementary Particles: The 4th Spin Type, Shakespir.com; 2014. https://www.Shakespir.com/books/view/449983

#
p<{color:#000;}. Seth (Jane Roberts) Early Sessions, Book 2, Session 60, 1964. “Matter is continually created, but no particular physical object is in itself continuous… No particular physical particle exists for any amount of time. It exists and disappears, and is instantaneously replaced by another.”

8. Theodore Lach, “Masses of the Sub-Nuclear Particles;” http://arxiv.org/abs/nucl-th/0008026; submitted 14 August 2000.

 

 

Acknowledgments

 

Acknowledgments: The author gratefully acknowledges Seth, Jane Roberts, and Rob Butts for their significant contributions.

 

About: The author holds a Master of Science (M.Sc.) degree in Mechanical Engineering from Stanford University.

 

Contact:

RLight767—at-yahoo point com

RLighthouse1 –at- fastmail point fm

 

Funding:

This research was generously supported with a grant from the Foundation Opposed to Academic Puffery (FOAP).

 

 

 

APPENDIX

 

Sample Calculations using approximate mathematical ratiios & patterns (these are not from Theodore Lach):

 

 

Photino Particle

 

1.275/.511 = 2.495

 

2.495 × 1.275 = 3.2 TeV

 

 

Gluino Particle

 

1.777/1.275 = 1.394

 

1.394 × 3.2 = 4.5 TeV

 

 

 

= = = =

 

 

 

Sash Particle

 

80.4/95 = .846

 

.846 × 80.4 = 68 TeV

 

 

Sbev Particle

 

91.2/80.4 = 1.134

 

1.134 × 68 = 77 Tev

 

etc…by mass ratios

 

 

 

These calculations are not predictions, they are merely rough estimates. It is understood these calculations are based on mathematical patterns.

 

= = = = =

 

Figure A1. First Half of Table

[F
igure A2.] Second Half of Table. These are the Supersymmetry (SUSY) heavyweight counterparts for Mass Groups 1 thru 8.

 

 

 

Appendix B.

 


The Top Quark is a Boson

This short technical paper presents a new standard model for Elementary Particles. All elementary particle masses are related by simple math. This math is similar to the math used for wifi signals and it is called 1024-QAM (Quadrature Amplitude Modulation). The 1024-QAM table graphically displays how all elementary particles are related, similar to the Standard Periodic Table in chemistry. If we line up all of the particle masses in order, we find there are a number of “gaps.” These are called the mass gaps, and they line up perfectly with the simple math of 1024-QAM, which fits the sequence of elementary particle masses. Even a child can see the simple pattern. The mathematical pattern provides proof that the Top Quark is a Boson. Supersymmetry (SUSY) is also found to occur with 1024-QAM. Mass Groups 1 thru 8 have heavyweight counterparts which are found in Mass Groups 9 thru 16. 4 new particles are predicted to be discovered between 0.7 to 15 TeV, and 4 new particles are predicted to be discovered between 50 to 200 TeV. Numerous other new particles are predicted using 1024-QAM. Readers are also encouraged to review the work of Theodore Lach. His equation ln (0.511/1777.1) = -3e, indicates that particle masses are predictable. This short ebook provides compelling evidence that our universe is literally blinking, off and on, at 1.039 THz.

  • ISBN: 9781370785643
  • Author: Richard Lighthouse
  • Published: 2016-11-10 04:05:10
  • Words: 1245
The Top Quark is a Boson The Top Quark is a Boson