**]The Best Place to Find
a Job in China
Copyright © 2016 by Laowaicareer.com
All Rights Reserved, including the right to reproduce this book or portions thereof in any form whatsoever.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. About Laowai Career
2. Current International Relations for Chinese Government and Businesses
3. How Jack Ma became a Billionaire Entrepreneur from an English Teacher
4. Chinese Life-Hacks
5. Tips for Learning Mandarin
6. Trekking Mt. Huangshan
7. Startup Profile: CleanMaster
8. Shenzhen: Silicon Valley of China
9. U.S.-China Relations Today
10. Best Jobs For Foreigners In China
11. Do’s and Don’t’s in Chinese Offices
12. Legal Aspects of Being an English Teacher in China
13. Top 12 Interview Questions You Must Know
14. Top 5 Internship Industries With Real Tasks In China
15. Face the Dragon – How to Cope with Cultural Shock
16. Firing Squad – Top 10 Reasons You Can Be Fired from a Chinese Company
17. What is a Behavioral Interview?
18. Why Employees Need a Break From a Regular Job
ABOUT LAOWAI CAREER
Laowai Career is on board to ease the hassle for enthusiastic individuals eying China as their springboard to building their career. To be honest, China is currently doing pretty well on the map, taking pride in being the world’s second largest economy and the fastest growing economy. Well, who wouldn’t want to be part of this awe-inspiring success story?
China has become a fascinating place to live and work, yet can be quite difficult for non-Chinese speaking individuals. It doesn’t help that most of the job sites operating in English don’t do much in providing variety and are quite difficult to use.
Laowai Career has tapped into the language gap challenge and made it easier through a platform where competent foreigners are matched with excellent companies across China, thereby fostering long-lasting career relationships. Laowai Career is the ultimate source of information about careers in China and is a prerequisite for any foreigner looking for an opportunity in the Middle Kingdom.
“Laowai” refers to “foreigner” in Chinese, and is regarded as a pleasant term. Most foreigners happen to learn the word as one of their first Chinese words since they will perpetually hear the Chinese people referring to them as “Laowai.” Laowai Career adopted this endearing name since its main objective is to make the life of any “Laowai” comfortable, pleasant and inspiring.
Laowai Career provides opportunities for candidates who are looking for jobs in China, ranging from one-off internships and graduate jobs to full-time career opportunities. There are so many jobs in China with the most common being English teaching, although there is a plethora of other jobs too, such as working in Design and Architecture corporations, Finance and Accounting, HR, Agriculture, Marketing, Sales, and so much more. A “Laowai” career also gives you a chance to develop a strong career network and a real opportunity for career advancements. We are always partnering with leading companies in China to churn out the ideal individual for a particular job.
Laowai Career provides the employees with the latest HR trends and regardless of the laowai specialist that you are looking for, you can always find them here since we have a pool of top-notch specialist whose numbers keep growing by each day.
It’s no longer about the endless internet searches for the perfect jobs in China but about doing it strategically, diligently and smartly. Whether you are just thrilled with the idea of working or are already
in China, Laowai Career will fascinate you since it provides quality, authentic information about careers in China, and saves you time, energy and money while at it.
As the world is going East, foreigners are finding Laowai Career to be to the solution to their job search needs, while recruiters are efficiently finding qualified foreign applicants. Jump on the bandwagon,
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CURRENT INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS FOR CHINESE GOVERNMENT AND BUSINESSES
China, a $ 10 trillion economy growing at 7 percent annually is a never before seen force reshaping our global economy. Over the last three decades, the Chinese government has at times opened the door wide open for foreign companies to participate in economic growth, and on other occasions, it has kept the door closed. While some global manufacturers, such as automotive original-oriented manufacturers have turned China into their single largest source of profit, others, especially in the service sector have been challenged to capture a meaningful share of revenue.
There are several trends shaping growth and creating new opportunities in China. Currently, there is more focus on domestic consumption and infrastructure as the new sources of economic growth following the decline of real estate and net exports. We cannot conclusively say that this strategy is sustainable, but first, there must be an evolution of several trends, the most important being work on government policy on international businesses.
**]Government policy remains the very critical shaping force. The Chinese government is strategic, and it looks like it is unwilling to loosen its market restrictions in most cases unless it is in the exchange of technologies that China thinks will facilitate its rise to the next level of development.
Doing business can be very political in China. It is a territory in which the government still plays an outsized role in the economy (to be fair, Chinese entities doing business in the US and other countries can also get quite political).
China has rapidly transformed from a capital-starved country to a capital-abundant one. It has learned the rules of the game at the WTO and can effectively play by them.
China is currently playing the smart card; not willingly giving up business restrictions unless they are getting technology in return. This is where contention arises since no rational company, be it foreign or Chinese will give away its technology easily. The result: future competition creation. China believes technology is the only thing preventing it from rising to the next development stage. Its insatiable desire for foreign technology clearly indicates that China’s indigenous innovation drive hasn’t generated significant successes.
In the old days, foreign companies just ignored Chinese law and relied on connections to operate for maximum profit. The profits were quite high then, and the efforts of working in the chaos were justified in China. But over the last decade, the system has dramatically changed as regulations have been put into place.
The annual US-China Economic and Strategic Dialogue took place on June 6th, 2016. The occasion is usually a time when the two sides try to highlight areas of cooperation and progress. However, this year’s event in Beijing was overshadowed by growing trade and commercial friction, as well as continued sparring over China’s efforts to exert greater control over the South China Sea.
Investment in heavy industry during China’s booming economic times has led to a surplus of production capacity. With the slowing economic growth, the government has been left to prop up industries including aluminum steel,
China is accused of dumping much of the excess production in Western markets, which leaders in Europe and the US say hurt producers and threatened thousands of jobs. During the meeting, US Secretary of the Treasury Jacob Lew warned, “Excess capacity has a distorting effect and damaging effect on global markets. Implementing policies to substantially reduce production in a range of sectors suffering from overcapacity, including steel and aluminum, is critical to the function of the stability of global markets.”
Former Chinese President Li acknowledges that China has an excess-capacity problem, but they have to prevent massive unemployment. The senior U.S Representatives pressed China to limit the barriers to foreign investments, saying partners were getting more concerned since the regulatory space became more complex.
Additionally, the representatives had major concerns about the recent law regarding foreign non-governmental groups. Foreign business confidence in China was particularly affected by protectionist and regulatory worries, after several government investigations whose targets were foreign companies, and China’s execution of law on national security that limited the use of technology from overseas. US Secretary of State John Kerry said that the law would require enacting laws to ensure transparency and predictability in the regulation and policy-making process, encourage healthy competition, and remove investing barriers that were discriminatory and protected the intellectual property rights. The laws are vital since, in recent decades, China has been seeking to fast-track its economy. There was also concern about China’s new controversial law regarding foreign non-governmental organizations and Kerry expressed that it may have a negative impact on non-health care groups which are seeking to do business in China. During the press conference that marked the conclusion of the two-day talks, Kerry said President Xi had given assurances that China would continue being open and believed that there was no way the laws were going to be executed if they could affect China’s ability to conduct and house business.
China maintained that it was still committed to welcoming and wooing foreign companies to invest and conduct business in the world’s second-largest economy. Yang Jiechi, State Councilor said China is working to open its markets and gave an example of bilateral investment treaty talks. He said that they were deepening reforms comprehensively as well as opening up and expanding China’s market, and they expected China’s economy to maintain a long-term stable to medium-high growth rate. Still, he maintained the law ought to be followed, but foreign NGO’s activities and work in China won’t be facing any obstruction.
All policy issues have their unique origins and political imperatives. Reconciling the international business policies of foreign countries and China is particularly different due to diverse views on foreign policy, security, social, and economic interests which are quite critical for successful business relations among countries. China understands the importance of international relations and from the progress made last week, it clearly shows that China is ready to make policies that would facilitate good international business relations with other foreign countries. For China, foreign investment is paramount. Thus, China will continue on its current path as it has since it first opened up to foreign competition.
HOW JACK MA BECAME A BILLIONAIRE ENTREPRENEUR FROM AN ENGLISH TEACHER
We are all social creatures always looking for fantasy in life to trigger our thought process and seek inspiration from them. On a day to day basis, we come across a lot of strangers, but we seek inspiration from only a few. What sets them apart are the stories they have. Growing up, we listen to stories of how a hero comes to the rescue of their family. People find solace in such stories. Research has proven that inspirational stories have a positive effect on our brains and helps us become more emphatic, generous and improve our general outlook on life.
Today’s story is the life of a man who has almost single-handedly impacted the entire global economy and internet industry in China. His is nothing short of excellence, perseverance, hard work and determination. It is the story of Jack Ma. Jack Ma, also known as Ma Yun is a Chinese businessman and philanthropist. He is the founder, and also sits as the executive chairman of Alibaba Group – a leading e-commerce site that links Chinese suppliers with retailers abroad. He is also a stakeholder at Alipay which is a sister company with an e-payment portal. Ma became the richest man in China when Alibaba floated on the stock market in 2014 with a value of around $231 billion dollars. As the largest IPO in history, it has an estimated worth of $25 Billion. Since Alibaba may not be a household name out of China, you must know that it’s worth more than Facebook and processes more goods than Amazon and eBay combined.
**]Jack Ma is the true epitome of a rags to riches story. He was born in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province which is historically noted for its serenity and beauty. Ma started from humble means in a family of traditional musician-storyteller parents on October 15, 1964, during the rise the Communist China when the country was isolated from the Western world. He was the second child in the family of three with an elder brother and a younger sister.
As a child, Jack Ma already had a fighting steak and would take on opponents who were much stronger than him. In the book “Alibaba”, which chronicles the journey of Alibaba.com, Ma recalls “I was never afraid of opponents who were bigger than I.” However, just like other kids, Ma harbored hobbies with his favorite pastime being collecting crickets. His breakthrough came in 1972 when the Former US President Richard Nixon visited Hangzhou. Following his visit, the situation in the city improved with booming tourism and Jack wanted to make the most of that opportunity. Ma always wanted to learn English as a kid, and he spent his early mornings riding his bike to the nearby park, giving English tours to foreigners for free. On these tours, he met a foreign woman who nicknamed him “Jack” since his Chinese name was pretty hard for her to spell and because both her husband and dad shared the name.
**]Since he hailed from a modest family, the only way for Jack to reach success was through higher education. He didn’t give up even after failing University twice. His determined mindset led him to applying to Harvard University ten times and getting rejected each time.
Although he failed to get into Harvard, he was accepted to Hangzhou Teacher’s Institute from where he obtained his bachelor’s degree in English in 1988. Jack Ma is a perfect example of an individual who is familiar with rejection. After his graduation, Ma was rejected countless times from teaching jobs.
During and even after his Bachelor’s degree, Jack applied to thirty jobs but failed to land any of them. He recalled, “When KFC came to China, 24 people went for the job, 23 were accepted, and I was the only guy who wasn’t.” Still, he didn’t give up and was among four other applicants who applied for a job in the police force and among them he was the only one rejected and told, “No, you are no good.” The local university that he taught at paid him poorly, but his natural flair for teaching and his popularity amongst the students kept him going. He recalls that his days as a teacher were “fantastic.”
[THE RESURRECTION OF JACK MA
**]The rejections clearly developed his character because during one of his interviews when asked about the rejections he said, “well, I think we have to get used to it. We are not that good”. He treated rejections as opportunities to learn more, grow and overcame all the pain that the rejections brought.
In 1995, Jack had ventured into translation business and had to visit the US. It is during this visit that he had to collect the remuneration for one of the Chinese firms that he first heard about the internet and computers. In China, computers were rare and considered very expensive. Ma’s inspiration for creating his first company was when he searched for Chinese beer, or other Chinese items online and found no results.
Ma and his friend created an ugly version of a website related to China. Within five hours of creating the website, he had received emails from some Chinese wanting to know about him. From this moment, he realized that the internet had a vast amount of potential. In April 1995, Ma, his wife, and friends collected $20,000 and started an internet company. Their primary objective was to create websites for other companies. It was named “China Yellow Pages” and after three years the company profited $800,000. He began building websites for Chinese companies with the help of his friends from the United States. Ma remembers, “the day we got connected to the web, I invited friends and TV people over to my house, and it was on a very slow dial-up connection, we waited for three and a half hours and got half a page…we drank, watched TV, and played cards waiting. But I was so proud to prove to my guests that the internet existed”.
Between 1998 and 1991, Ma headed an information technology company established by the China International Electronic Commerce Center. This center was a department of the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation. In 1999, he quit and returned to Hangzhou with his team to found Alibaba. Sources say that Jack came up with the name “Alibaba” while in a café in San Francisco. He thought of how Alibaba overheard the secret password of The Forty Thieves “open sesame” and unlocked untold riches. It resonated well with his vision of the unlocking potential of China’s small and midsized merchants. He wanted a name that the world would recognize and when he asked a waitress in the café if she recognized the name “Alibaba”, and she said, “yes, open sesame”. Right then, he knew it was a perfect brand name.
After launching his start-up Alibaba, he did not reach immediate success. Even with a second failed attempt, he would not give up. He was determined, and finally, all his efforts paid off when he was able to convince 17 of his friends to join his new e-commerce start-up: Alibaba. Today, Alibaba is a China-based marketplace is a portal for exporters to list their products, and for customers to compare prices and place orders with the dealers of their choice. The company began in his apartment, and Ma kept improving the services provided to the visitors. Within no time, the popularity of the website was over-the-top, even without a single outside investor. People became interested, and soon garnered $5 million from Goldman Sachs and $20 million from Japanese telecom giant SoftBank in 1999. Now he was faced with the biggest challenge of trying to convince the people of China that an online system of payment and package transfer was safe and secure.Jack Ma is not your conventional entrepreneur. He encourages humor in the workplace and often celebrates reaching milestones by using Silly String. Ma's determination drove him to go into direct competition with his American rival: eBay. He started the Chinese version of eBay called Taobao. While working on Taobao, Ma encouraged handstand competitions during their breaks. Taobao gained much traction, and the internet giant Yahoo invested one billion dollars into Taobao. Yahoo obtained 40% of the shares in Alibaba which earned 10 billion dollars during their IPO. Another branch of Alibaba's operations is an online payment platform called Alipay. Alibaba has stakes in Sino Weibo, China’s version of Twitter, as well as Youku Tudou, China’s answer to Youtube. Also, it is building up a cloud computing and Internet infrastructure business. Nine Major subsidiaries include Tmall, eTao, AliExpess.com, Juhuasuan and 1688.com.
2013 was an incredibly monumental year in the life of Jack Ma and his brainchild company. He still continued to don the role of executive chairman even after signing off his responsibilities as the company’s CEO. 2013 is in the same year that the company went public with a record-breaking $150 billion IPO, which in the whole history of NYSE, no other US-listed company had received such a huge offer. After the IPO, Jack Ma told CNBC, “Today what we have is not the money. What we have is the trust of people.” The IPO successfully skyrocketed Ma’s assets, catapulting his net worth to $25 billion.
At the headquarters of Alibaba in Hangzhou, there was a grand party to celebrate the IPO’s success. During a press conference, Ma addressed his employees and told them that he was hoping they would use their newfound wealth to become “a batch of genuinely noble people, a batch of people who can help others, and who are kind and happy”.
It is quite inspiring to see how Ma has remained down to earth, despite becoming the wealthiest man in China. As his friend Xiao-Ping puts it “I don’t think he has changed much, he is still that old style”. He hasn’t dropped his hobbies playing poker, meditating and practicing Tai Chi, and reading and writing Kung Fu fiction. He collaborates with Jet Li, a Tai Chi proponent in order to raise awareness of martial arts forms. When he travels, he always brings a personal trainer.
The entrepreneur is also an ambassador of environmental conservation and doubles up as a member of The Nature Conservancy global board. He recognizes his struggles and even remembers how years ago people criticized Alibaba and said the model is terrible. For instance, in 2001, he went to raise five million dollars from the venture capitalists in the USA and was rejected. They kept saying “Alibaba doesn’t make money. Amazon is better, eBay is better, Google is better. There is no model like Alibaba in the US”. Jack Ma is now always invited to various universities to give lectures, such as at the Wharton School at University of Pennsylvania, Harvard University, Peking University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
He met his wife when studying at Hangzhou Normal University. Shortly after graduating in the late 1980s, they began working as teachers and later got married. They have two kids together, a son and daughter. However, he prefers keeping his personal life private to focus on his work and philanthropic endeavors. He commands much respect and lives a modest life, yet splurges here and there, such as his business jet Gulfstream G550 worth a whopping $49.7 million.
Jack Ma is an inspiration to us all; he has a positive mindset, and never considered himself disadvantaged due to events that were before him. He believed in himself, was persistent, went past the barriers even in the face of adversity and rejection. What makes Jack Ma great is how he treats failures as opportunities to propel him and reach where he wants to be. He lives by the ideologies “Go big or Go Home” and “Never give up” and, “Today is hard; tomorrow will be worse, but the day after tomorrow will be the sunshine.” His story is exceptional and demonstrates optimism and determination, a spirit of an entrepreneur that has changed the face of business in China, and across the world.
Many first-time travelers to China find themselves splashed in the face by an ice-cold bucket of culture shock. They get a feeling they have entered into a bizarre world where everything is upside down. All of a sudden you feel like all the etiquette rules hammered into you by their family cease to apply, and you have to relearn how to behave. Remember, it is not better, or worse. It is just different!
But hey, not everything is that bad since they give foreigners (laowai) more leeway when it comes to etiquette. At the very least, learn some basic Chinese life hacks to make life easier and learn some basic nice words in Mandarin.
[1. TRANSPORTATION TIPS
**]China has pumped considerable amounts of money into modernizing their transport sector. You will be struck by how modern their roads, train stations, and airports are. There is an availability of efficient public transport systems from long-distance buses and taxis, to motorbike taxis and rickshaws.
· Bullet Trains are very fast and efficient, especially when traveling between cities. There are also international trains which have inter-country travel such as Moscow to Beijing. Look into China’s Train Schedule and Booking.
· Long-distance buses are cheap, though be careful about your personal safety and theft. Use it as an alternative just in case you miss a train since there are frequent departures.
· City buses: there are two classes, the ordinary (cheaper) buses, and express (expensive) buses. Bus stops are only in Chinese so to figure out the times, pick up a city map in English and at least have your destination written in Chinese so you can ask for help. Watch out for pickpockets.
· Taxis: Write down your destination in Chinese, make sure they turn on their meter, and no need to tip.
· Driving in China: Probably not a good idea, especially with all the signs in Chinese. It’s forbidden unless you have an international driving license.
[2. LANGUAGE SLANG TIPS
**]Learning slang is no longer just about survival Chinese and being able to communicate complex people laugh and connect with you on a more personal level. Therefore, you should learn common Chinese slang, some of which is adopted from Western culture. For example, bae in Chinese is pronounced as qin, an endearing term to mean dearest. Bro in Chinese slang is pronounced as ge men which means best friend. You can ask Chinese what slang they use. Practice, use the Chinese internet, and interact more with the locals rather than just with the English-speaking expat community.
[3. FINDING A HOUSE
**]Most of the available options for expats are apartments, dormitories, villas (houses), serviced apartments, and hotels, with the most common being apartments. Villas can isolate you from the Chinese community, but you get to meet people from around the world. Serviced apartments are provided by hotels and are short term, while standard apartments which can be purchased or rented individually keep you close to the Chinese community.
4. CULTURAL TIPS
**]Address grownups with respect
Receive gifts with both hands. Even numbers are considered good luck so you can send gifts in pairs.
It’s inappropriate to send clocks or things to do with four as gifts.
Don’t wrap your gifts in white or black. Instead, wrap them in red or other festive colors.
Be punctual, keep calm and do not overreact even when some of the questions are overstepping your privacy.
Public display of affection is frowned upon by some. In cities like Beijing, it is common to see very affectionate young couples.
Table manners: do not place chopsticks upright as it symbolizes death, leave some room on your plate for formal occasions, use a separate plate for bones when eating, and toast while standing.
[5. SHOPPING AND HAGGLING TIPS
**] To cut costs, learn to eat on the streets, shop for clothes and groceries at the local markets, and haggle until it hurts. Always remember that the price is always around 20-30% lower than the asked price.
TIPS FOR LEARNING MANDARIN
1. Beware of Tones. A different pitch gives a word a different meaning.
2. Learn Mandarin in phrases rather than just memorizing vocabulary.
3. Do not put too much emphasis on grammatical rules. That will come later through practice and exposure.
4. Focus on frequent exposure including listening to audio programs or lessons.
5. Have fun with it: feel motivated and be self-driven, join fascinating Chinese group chats and Skype with Chinese-speaking friends online.
6. Find the learning style that works best for you. Expose yourself to multiple programs before choosing what works best.
Always remember that China is quite big and populous and your interactions with Chinese people from one part will vary with another. In big cities like Shanghai and Beijing, expats are the norm and hardly do you get a second glance. The same cannot be said about other areas where you will feel the curious stares and feel the pinch of not having learned Mandarin. Take the initiative and you’ll realize how fun life in China can be!
TREKKING MT. HUANGSHAN
Mt. Huangshan, also known as Yellow Mountains are some of the most magnificent mountains in China. A trekking tour will allow you hike down to the less-traveled paths to appreciate the undisturbed beauty away from the tourists. They are debatably the most beautiful attraction in China and that’s why climbing Huangshan is on the bucket lists of foreigners and Chinese alike.
In 1990, Mt. Huangshan appeared on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Its’ naturally spectacular scenery includes oddly-shaped rocks and pines, and mystical seas of cloud. It is located in Anhui Province, the eastern region of China’s most rural province. Mt. Huangshan was renamed Yellow in 747 AD after the legendary Yellow Emperor Di Huangwho. The folk tales say that Mt. Huangshan is the area the Yellow Emperor stayed, produced precious medicines, and transformed into a supernatural being.
Huangshan is a granite mass made up of 36 different peaks, rising above 1,800 meters. It is famous throughout Chinese art history, representing the typical mountains in Chinese paintings. Since the mountains are regularly surrounded by mist, the peaks create an illusion of floating on clouds and have fascinating names such as Lotus Flower Peak, Paint Brush, Celestial Capital, and Arhats Worshiping the South Sea.
**]The most important reference point is the Bright Summit, also known as the Bright top because the peak and landmark lie right in the center point, the lower portion is taken as South and upper portion north. The Northern portion is further divided into West and East regions and so is the Southern portion. This effectively divides the whole Huangshan area into four quarters with Bright Summit at the center. The North-East region is known as Beihai Region while the North-West region is Xihai Region. On the other side, the South-West region is called Tianhai Region while the South East region is referred to as Yungu Cableway.
**]The trail has two divisions, namely the western and eastern steps. The eastern steps are 4.5 mile/7.5 km and are easier and shorter than the west (9 mile/15 km). However, the windy western steps have such magnificent scenery and is a considerably better hike. The hike is slightly strenuous and if you are not in good shape you better look for alternatives. There are no buses or taxis on the mountain, but you can take a cable car to the mountain which is the preferred method for many tourists. Most often than not the lines for the cable cars are long so is best to avoid weekends and go early. Two of the hiking trails have a starting point in Tangkou with cable cars, while the third cable car is at Taiping.
Visitors go up by the Yungu cable way (Eastern steps) since the Beihai region is higher than the Tianhai region. They then come down by Yuping cableway (Western steps).
**]Food options are limited on the mountain. There are two food courts open to the public. Tianhai, which is located just outside Baiyun hotel has an indoor food court while Paiyunlou Hotel has an outdoor café. Dinner and lunch come in standard set meals; four dishes, rice, and soup with soup and rice refills. There are also minimarts available which sell fruits, groceries, and other necessities you may need to purchase before the hike. For authentic Anhui Cuisine (one of the eight traditional Chinese cuisines) you’d better visit Tangkou, a town down Mt. Huangshan which offers it at a reasonable price.
[PLACES TO STAY
**]To exclusively explore this mighty area, you can spend two or three days. There are several options of places to stay, including:
Beihai Hotel: The rooms are designed in a dormitory-like style, and there is also an option to stay in small tents with air mattresses with sleeping bags. Showers are available at an additional fee.
Shilin Hotel: Has poor facilities an has a bunkhouse. It’s located on the mountaintop close to the Beihai Hotel.
Xihai Hotel: Well-maintained and comfortable It is situated between Beihai and Pai Yun hotel which is a perfect location. It has decent breakfast and the rooms facing the front have quite a view.
Baiyun Hotel: Quite expensive but with well-equipped modern facilities and centrally positioned for easy walking. Food courts and breakfast are available.
Yupinglou Hotel: Well-equipped rooms but expensive. It has a restaurant and its only 500 meters from the top of the Yiping Cableway.
A trip to Mt. Huangshan is quite fulfilling and jaw-droppingly beautiful. With its natural outstanding beauty, Huangshan is mind-capturing, awe-inspiring and impeccably magnificent for the beholder. It even has its “four natural wonders,” which includes seas of cloud, oddly shaped rocks, hot springs, and imaginatively named pines. Enjoy watching the sunset and sunrise, the waterfall and the magic the world has to offer.
STARTUP PROFILE: CLEANMASTER
In the Google Play store, a free junk file cleaning app called Clean Master is the latest sensation in the Android mobile phone universe. It’s the world’s most downloaded Android optimizer ranked number one in Google Play’s tool category in the U.S. market, ahead of Adobe Air and Google Translate. It’s also the world’s No. 4 non-games application in Google Play after Facebook, WhatsApp, and Facebook Chat.
Clean Master is a product of Cheetah Mobile Inc., a mobile Internet company with its headquarters in Beijing. It is a useful utility tool that helps clean up your Android device. Since we are always installing and uninstalling apps and games, it’s easy to accumulate loads of files that are no longer necessary. This app is perfect if you want to make your Android phone speedier and more efficient by giving it a good spring clean.
Cheetah Mobile in China is a multi-billion-dollar force to be reckoned with. Mobile utility apps play such a big role in our mobile-centric lives and the Chinese Cheetah Mobile is dominating this market. It is a relatively new company that was established in 2010 under the leadership of Fu Sheng. The exponential growth of the company from a six-person startup to a $2.7 billion market cap NYSE is quite impressive. The major shareholder of the company is Kingsoft, with Lei Jun as Chairmen of the Board. Lei Jun is the former CEO of Kingsoft and the founder of China’s leading Smartphone maker Xiaomi.
Cheetah Mobile’s mission is to make our Smartphone experience faster and safer. Apart from CleanMaster, it also has CM Security, which protects your phone with privacy and anti-virus software, and BatteryDoctor, which optimizes the battery life of your phone. Cheetah Mobile has dominated the market with a massive user base of 500 million monthly active users worldwide, having a significant impact on China’s revenue.
Since the launch of CleanMaster in the US, Cheetah Mobile has garnered more than 500 million downloads in numerous languages without spending a dime on marketing. Lei controls Chinese KIS Holding through Hong Kong-listed Kingsoft Corp., a Chinese technology Company with the promise of becoming China’s Microsoft. With Clean Master, Kingsoft is better positioned to become one of the rare Chinese internet players to gain critical footing in the US market.
The comparable numbers for Clean Master are 83.9 million monthly active users and 43.3 million for average daily active users. More than half of the users are abroad, with the largest number being in the US. Cheetah’s CEO Zhang once said going mobile and global was their primary focus, but since they are already global thanks to their free mobile app, they are now focusing on more partnerships and monetizing their mobile internet business.
In 2015, Cheetah Mobile launched its global ad platform with the vision of becoming one of the top five mobile ad vendors in the world. It started putting its money where its mouth is by acquiring French Mobile ad tech player MobPartner at $58 million and later announced to have taken the lead on a $24million Series B investment in Facebook ad partner, Nanigans. Tech is the way forward for Cheetah Mobile.
Cheetah’s co-founder Lei Jun, who is also the founder of Xiaomi which has recently surpassed Samsung to become the top Smartphone vendor in China. The Clean Master app has been hugely successful, however, this is just the beginning. Cheetah Mobile’s mission is to make the mobile experience simpler, faster, and safer. Their vision is to apply everything they have learned from smartphones to help users better interact with new products. Clearly, China is not about to stop with more technological discovery underway, and neither is Cheetah Mobile.
SHENZHEN: SILICON VALLEY OF CHINA
Shenzhen, the Southern City of China, is splashing loads of cash to attract investors from China and all over the world. Shenzhen is arguably China’s Silicon Valley and seen as the face of modern China. In a city where the average age is twenty-eight and where people from around China and the world come to find work or startup, there is bound to be an innovative culture. Nearly three decades ago, this Pearl River Delta megacity was a small fishing village with roughly 30,000 people. Today, Shenzhen prides itself in being home to around 15 million people.
This is where it’s all happening. The production of the world’s mobile phones, and where Mercedes, Maseratis, and BMW are just as so commonplace as the eight-lane highways they navigate. The city is beautifully green and cleaner compared to other cities in China with flowering oleanders, brightly red bougainvillea and beautiful ficus trees. This is the place where you have to think big if not bigger. It’s more about one-upping the latest invention in whatever you are working on. For instance, according to the Guinness Book of Records, Shenzhen has the largest golf club in the world with 12, 18-hole golf course.
At Bao, the city’s international airport the spectacular honeycomb design clearly indicates that a lot is to be expected from a city with such inspiring architecture. In 2015, Shenzhen’s GDP $270 billion USD, including Chinese telecom goliaths ZTE and Huawei, Taiwanese electronics contract manufacturer Foxconn, and web developer Tencent.
Despite the fact that Shenzhen has only been around for three decades, it is a modern futuristic city with a seven-story industrial museum cataloging all its innovations; from the internet to communication and security systems, to new energy. Additionally, the city houses a dozen start-up hubs sponsored by the government with approximately one million foreign
Let’s just say new ideas are represented by the number of registered patents. In 2014, the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) reported that Huawei Technologies had the highest number of patents for the second successive year. ZTE came in third which is a clear indication of how dynamic the city is. There are around 66 registered patents for every 10,000 residents in Shenzhen.
Shenzhen is a reading city with many libraries, reading hubs, and is home to China’s largest bookstore. Hi-tech entrepreneurs in Shenzhen are working on ideas, building prototypes, creating convincing promotional videos, then posting on Kickstarter for the world to see. If people support the idea, they meet with suppliers and manufacturers, and ultimately apply for a tech incubator scheme e.g. HAXLR8R.
A good example is Helios, a start-up in California that makes smart handlebars for bikes with inbuilt Bluetooth, LEDs, and GPSs. It came to Shenzhen just as an idea. Here they launched a Kickstarter campaign after building their prototype. The campaign video was so inspiring that they raised $120,000 in pre-orders.
Shenzhen’s mood feels like the pre-boom internet of the late 1990s, with loads of excitement and a few big deals with Apple, Facebook, and Google having purchased multi-billion dollar hardware companies. Shenzhen is in the fast lane and becoming the Silicon Valley of the world’s hardware is its ultimate goal. The city has kept moving up the value chain and now it’s headed into branding, design, retail, and marketing.
Eric Pan, the founder of Seed Studio, is one of Shenzhen’s products and Forbes China cover star. He grew up in Sichuan, studied electrical engineering, and worked briefly at Intel in Beijing. When Pan went to Shenzhen for a weekend and entered Huaqiangbei electronics market, he was convinced that this was his destiny. He now employs over 150 people with a turnover of $10 million.
U.S.-CHINA RELATIONS TODAY
China’s economy is dramatically changing as it moves from its past focus on exports and foreign investment, towards consumption-driven growth focus. It is very important for the Unites States, just like the rest of the world to keep abreast of these shifts. The renminbi is no longer undervalued, and if any US politicians think it is, then that doesn’t help to strengthen US-China relations.
China’s consumer market keeps growing at a rapid rate which offers a huge potential opportunity for foreign investors. US companies should focus on their ability to access such opportunities and pry open China’s service sector.
China’s ambitions on the global level are increasing by the day, something that doesn’t rest well with some of the American’s who consider China a threat rather than a competitor. Following the founding of the People’s Republic of China, China and the United States have had a long period of estrangement.
In February 1972, former US President Richard Nixon, under the invitation of Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai visited China and started the process of normalizing China-US relations. On January 1, 1979, the two countries officially established diplomatic relations, and the US announced it would sever its diplomatic relations with Taiwan. The US proceeded to withdraw military forces from Taiwan and terminated the Mutual Defense Treaty.
Although marred with a myriad of challenges, the US-China relations have kept moving forward steadily since the establishment of economic ties. They have conducted such extensive exchanges and cooperation in economic, military, political, cultural, sub-national areas, international affairs, as well as people-to-people exchanges. The US-China relationship is one of the most important bilateral relationships in the world and has assumed greater strategic dimensions and global implications.
**]China and the US have had frequent high-level visits and improving dialogue mechanisms since they resumed the contract. Vice Premier Deng Xiaoping visited the US in 1979, and President Li Xiannian visited in 1985 which marked the first state visit by China’s head of state to the US since the founding of the PRC. President Jiang Zemin visited in both 1997 and 2002. US Presidents visited China on several occasions, with Richard Nixon visiting in 1972, Gerald Ford in 1975, Ronald Reagan in 1984, George H.W. Bush in 1989, Bill Clinton in 1998 and George W. Bush in 2001, 2002, 2005 and 2008. President Barack Obama has visited in 2009, 2014, and is scheduled to visit in late 2016.
The frequent high visits between the countries have been on the rise in recent years Both sides have jointly made a strategic decision to work together in building China –US cooperative partnerships based on mutual benefits and respect. For roughly the past three years, the two presidents have had around 12 face-face meetings on multilateral occasions and during bilateral visits. China and the US have come a long way since the 1980’s, having established at least 60 dialogue mechanisms. Examples include the High-level Consultation on People-to-People Exchanges (CPE), Strategic and Economic Dialogue (S&ED), the Joint Commission on Science and Technology Corporation, and the Joint Commission on Commerce and Trade (JCCT).
The US and China are culturally, politically, historically, and economically diverse which results in differences of opinion on certain domestic and international issues. China and the US agree on security issues, climate change, and new energy, but also have contentious issues such as US sanctions against China entities accused of cyber theft and China’s continued reclamation of land in the South China Sea. Still, both parties have shown a willingness to steer towards bilateral cooperation.
[ECONOMIC AND TRADE RELATIONS
**]The US-China economic relations are mutually beneficial and a significant aspect of their relationship. The US approach to its economic relations with China is centered on two elements including expanding U.S exporters and investors access to the Chinese market, and by integrating China into the global, rule-based economic trading system.
George W. Bush championed China’s membership into the World Trade Organization (WTO), which has helped China become a free-trade market. The bilateral trade between the U.S and China has grown from only $33 billion in 1992 to over $ 562 billion in goods in 2013. Today, China is the third largest export market for US goods, proceeded by Canada and Mexico respectively. The US is China’s largest export market. In 2013, the stock of US FDI in China was $ 61 billion, up from $54 billion in 2012, primarily in the manufacturing sector.
China’s US investment has exceeded $6 billion, covering science & technology, food processing, clothing, and many other industries. Chinese companies have opened upwards of 1,600 businesses in the US while employing 15,000 locals.
US-China trade relations, even amidst numerous challenges keep moving in a positive direction, even with recent outrageous propositions made by Republican frontrunner Donald Trump during his campaign. Among other declarations, Trump has stated that we would like to enact legislation that would impose a 45 percent tariff on imported Chinese goods. According to the NY Times, J.W. Mason, a professor of Economics at John Jay college warns, “There is no way a tariff of this kind could deliver the kind of benefits that he’s talking about, and it’s quite wrong to think that the problem for American workers has been foreign trade.”
Over the last few decades, China has prospered by focusing its economy on low-cost manufacturing for foreign markets. Exports to the United States have soared, particularly after China joined the WTO in 2001. In 2015, American businesses and consumers bought $481.9 billion in Chinese goods which are about a fifth of all imports and the most from any single country. This has been somewhat detrimental to manufacturing employment in the US, with a study in 2013 showing that China’s rise had eliminated about a million domestic factory jobs.
Even with the resentment, China is a better friend than enemy to the US economy.
Economies warn that imposing higher tariffs on China might work against the US as it could retaliate by imposing its own tariffs, for instance on American chickens. With the world’s inflation and US economic stagnation, political figures are at times trying to find a reason to pin the blame, rather than looking at the facts. China’s fast developing economy makes many uncomfortable and worried, particularly the US.
China is at the forefront in working with the US to handle disputes in their economic trade relations, while expanding their collaboration in investment, infrastructure, new energy, and trade, as well as deepening the scope of their bilateral business ties. China’s main hope is for the US to accommodate their major concerns during the U.S. export control regime reforms and to provide a fair and hospitable environment for Chinese investment in the US. Conversely, the US seeks to encourage exports of high-tech products.
The Chinese have a stereotype that Americans are level-headed and open-minded. There are quite large American expat communities and most of them are in China for investment, teaching English, working in finance, marketing and sales institutions, interning in international corporations, investing in tech businesses, or starting up. Even with the “not-always-so-good” relationships between the US and China politically, at an individual level, an American is unlikely to be treated poorly. Most Chinese are very hospitable and kind to foreigners, even when they do not speak English.
Chinese students go to the US to study, and some have even started multi-billion dollar businesses in the US. Some have been adopted into the American culture, provided many jobs, and immensely contributed to the American economy. This is a clear indication that despite the hundreds of things that China and America disagree on and the underlying geopolitical realities, the two countries have one major goal of strengthening macroeconomic cooperation, promotion of trade and investment, fostering financial stability and reforms and enhancing global cooperation and international regulations.
BEST JOBS FOR FOREIGNERS IN CHINA
Working in China is not only an amazing opportunity but also a character building challenge. As a foreigner, you will have to learn how to adapt to a new culture and business environment. China is the world’s fastest growing economy and has a myriad of opportunities to offer foreigners, ranging from teaching English in Beijing or investing in Shanghai, to international marketing or working for a tech startup in Shenzhen. It is quite a fascinating experience being an expat in China!
The Chinese job market is currently more competitive than it was a decade ago, but don’t worry. If you can speak English, you will have a competitive edge. The economy has opened up further and matured since the Open Door Policy. Today, thousands of foreigners are making China their home for short-term internships a well as for established careers.
The following are just some of the job opportunities that are perfect for anyone seeking employment in the Middle Kingdom.
[TEACHING ENGLISH IN BEIJING
**]Teaching English in China is arguably the easiest job to get as an English speaker. Since China went global, and in turn, incorporated English into the school curriculum, there has been a huge need for English teachers. The key to successful employment as an English teacher is to be employed by a reputable company or school and see to it that you negotiate a well-written contract before leaving your country. English teachers in Beijing are usually employed in various institutions. Always remember that the institution that hires you to teach must have a license. Hence, it’s imperative that you research the credentials of the institution to verify its validity before signing. Alternatively, you can use an agency that will place you in a reputable school.
[SOME OF THE INSTITUTIONS INCLUDE:
**]Working in a large city like Beijing as a kindergarten English teacher can earn you $18 per hour at the minimum and doesn’t require much preparation. However, this does not include rent or plane ticket. You could be required to only work twenty hours a week.
[2. Summer and Winter Camps
**]Ideal for individuals who would love to work in China yet unwilling to make a long-term commitment. The camps can last from a week to a month and you can earn about $600 for two weeks.
[3. Business English Teaching
**]This requires Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TELF) certification and is for private business programs. The workload can be heavy with twenty hours a week plus hours in the evening and weekends. The salary is about $960 with an additional work allowance.
[4. Private Language Institutions
**]Instructors usually teach conversation oriented classes and writing on rare occasions. The work schedule is twenty to thirty hours a week, including early mornings, evenings, and weekends depending on the pupils schedules.
[5. University Departments
**]A master’s or doctorate qualifies you to teach in a university. Salaries depend on the university.
[6. Advanced Degree Program
**]With an MBA, you can have a good salary by working as a professor for a Master’s Degree Program at a university.
[7. Career Training
**]This ranges from international schools teaching expat children, to universities teaching higher level students and private college preparative programs for Chinese students. The competition is quite stiff, but you can make around $40,000 a year.
There are many other teaching opportunities in Beijing including private teaching, tutoring, and freelance writing. Work on your paperwork including getting a valid Z visa and passport, health certification, and all the necessary legal documents to avoid run-ins with the authorities. Clearly understand the terms and conditions that you are getting into and if you want to change jobs while there, then use the right procedure.
INVESTING IN SHANGHAIChina has slowly been liberalizing its capital markets to foreign investors. It has allowed its currency, the yuan to be traded outside the country and pushed for it to be used for trade. Shanghai has also allowed Chinese companies to borrow overseas and easily move cash in and out of the country. Starting in the 1990s, Shanghai with the development of Pudong, made it a major destination for FDI. Since 2005, the FDI in Shanghai has almost doubled to US 15.2billion, with over 83% of FDI going into service. Shanghai is a free-trade zone which helps reinforce the city’s future as a global center for finance and trade. The three main industries in Shanghai include real estate, retail, and wholesale and financial services. Shanghai focuses on the development of financial services, cultural, and logistics industries. By 2014, multinational corporations had set up over three hundred R&D centers and nearly five hundred regional headquarters in Shanghai. The city’s cosmopolitan character, affluent and sophisticated customers, and highly skilled and educated labor force makes it very attractive to overseas investors. Hong Kong tops the list of overseas investment in China, around 63.7% of the total utilized FDI in 2014. Other major investments are from Singapore, Japan, and the US. Shanghai is the largest consumer market among all the Chinese mainland cities, which is greatly supported by the large inflow of tourists and rising income levels. The consumers are viewed as trendsetters in both lifestyle and fashion products. Its retail sector is rapidly developing with its disposable per capita income increasing by 8.8% in 2014. Most of its foreign retail enterprises include hypermarkets such as Walmart, Metro, and department stores including Pacific department and Isetan.
Shanghai has a strong distribution of power in China, and many foreign brands prefer using it as an entry point into the Chinese market. INVEST SHANGHAI initiative is big on promoting Shanghai as the ultimate investment hub, and the world is clearly watching and following. Shanghai is definitely the ideal city for any expat who wishes to invest in China.
INTERNATIONAL MARKETING FOR TECH STARTUPS IN SHENZHEN
Shenzhen is arguably China’s Silicon Valley and the face of modern China. It’s a city where the elderly are almost non-existent with the average age is 28. At one point, women outnumbered men by seven to one. Almost three decades ago, this Pearl River Delta megacity was just an ordinary fishing village with a population of around 30,000 people. Today, Shenzhen prides itself in being home to around fifteen million people.
Many incredible ideas come out of Shenzhen each day. In 2014, the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) reported that Huawei Technologies had the highest number of patents for the second successive year. ZTE came in third which is a clear indication of how dynamic the city is, with innovations indicating that there are around 66 registered patents for every 10,000 residents in Shenzhen.
Despite the efforts made by young techies to come up with amazing products, most do not reach the international market due to inadequate connections or the necessary product marketing. Most of the startups in Shenzhen are looking for foreigners with majors in International Business to help push the products out of the Chinese market and into the western countries or the world at large. Individuals who can do consumer research, introduce their tech products to the consumers, and push the products into the harder markets such as Japan and the US are also good skills to have. It is such a lucrative job offering great returns for great performance.
The Chinese market is booming, and they are looking for professionals in almost every specialty. Foreigners have the chance to prove themselves to their employers or even directly invest in the world’s fast-rising economy. So why not work in China?
DO’S AND DON’TS IN CHINESE OFFICES
Most employers want their employees and staff to be happy. After all, a happy employee is more productive, has better attendance, is sick less often, and is more likely to stick around. If that isn’t motivation enough, a workplace where the employees enjoy themselves is one where both the customers and upper management have the opportunity to enjoy themselves, too. It is truly a win-win situation.
Research shows that employers who encourage their employees to pursue a healthy work-life balance will reap the rewards. This is especially true in the area of employee loyalty. Businesses that offer various types of support have found that they have a much lower turnover rate than they did before enacting these sorts of policies. Workers report higher overall job satisfaction and more pride in their organization.
In addition to a more enjoyable place for employees and customers alike, this type of improved attitude saves the business a significant amount of money. Not only are employees better able to focus on the customer service experience and improve sales and customer loyalty, but there are also lower costs associated with filling positions and training new employees.
[HOW TO ENCOURAGE WORK-LIFE BALANCE
**]While the responsibility for maintaining a healthy work-life balance usually falls to the employee, there are methods that employers can use to encourage this type of lifestyle. The best way to discern what incentives would motivate your employees would be to ask them, keeping a firm focus on the knowledge that it would be counter-productive to request this kind of feedback and then not make an effort to utilize some of the ideas.
If you ask your employees about what will help them create a better work-life balance, you will receive a variety of answers. For example, many parents might be excited at the prospect of an on-site daycare. While this can be a little intensive to set up, the amount of money it saves in lost hours can more than make up for the cost in a short time. As the employer, you may not even be expected to pay for the services, although you may need to bring in a licensed childcare worker and provide a space. As mentioned above, this is one of those pieces that can improve employee loyalty as well.
When asked about the types of benefits they’d most like to see, many employees cite “flexible schedules.” To an employer, this can be intimidating at first, but once a flexible schedule program is formed, it can significantly impact employee satisfaction and retention. Your program could range from the ability for employees to donate their sick days to one another, all the way to offering them a telecommute option. Both options allow employees to have more control over their work experiences and worry a little less about their non-work lives.
Another option that many employers have found to be beneficial is to allow employees the opportunity to devote a certain amount of their work time to a volunteer project. This can be done either on their own or through the company. For example, you may want to organize a company-wide food drive and have everyone deliver the donations to the local food bank together. Some businesses find that a day of volunteerism for organizations like Habitat for Humanity helps them to give back to the community while also improving employee relations and morale.
[WHAT EMPLOYEES IN CHINA LIKE
As an employer, you need to satisfy your employees. This has a lot of benefits including increased productivity, and it promotes cooperation between you and your employees. Here are some of the employees’ requirements.
[1. Good Workers Compensation
**]Money is an effective motivator to any employee. Great employees have exceptional talents, knowledge and skills, and they surely know their worth. If you do not give them a generous paycheck, it will not take long before they pack their things and look for a company who will pay them better. Of course, you do not need to pay an extremely overpriced salary that will leave you broke, but just a little over the normal wage is appreciated.
[2. Employee Benefits
**]Do not forget that your company should provide the employees all government mandated benefits as well as those optional ones that would make your employee feel that their stay in the company is worth it.
[3. Recognition and Incentives
**]It is extremely important that you can recognize good performance from your employees. This is not only to motivate and inspire them to work harder, but is also a good way of making them happy with their work.
[4. Harmonious Working Relationship
**]Being a boss does not mean you can be bossy and mean. Being a good employer is one of the important factors that make an employee stay in a particular company. So if you want to retain your employees be sure that you treat them well. Treat them how you would want to be treated; that is with respect and dignity.
[5. Clear Scope of Job
**]If you hired a communication officer for your company, they should only be doing things that are clearly delineated in their job description. If you make them do other things like make your coffee or run personal errands, they will probably not be too happy.
[6. Career Advancement
**]If you have been working so hard for many years for a certain company and then one day, you realize that you still occupy the same position you did 11 years ago, would that not upset you? You should always make your employees feel that they are going somewhere, especially those with exceptional talents and skills aimed to make it to the top. You should be the instrument that will help them achieve that. Make sure promote as often as you could and as needed.
[7. Enforce the Best Possible Rules
**]Organizations need principles. However, individuals can be insane due to pointless rules. It is never easy being an employer with all the responsibilities and duties you have to oversee, but the right kind of employees will surely make your life easier, so keep them happy and loyal to your company.
WHAT EMPLOYERS IN CHINA DISLIKE FROM EMPLOYEES
Employees have their weaknesses and bad habits. Some are likely to procrastinate, have problems with coming to work on time, are often absent or are whiners. The list can go on and on. Difficult employees are a mainstay in every workplace, and their bad habits range from manageable to totally out of control. They are a headache to every manager and a burden to their team.
Business leaders deal with difficult employees in different ways. Depending on the degree of their misbehavior, there is a corresponding action. The first few offenses are usually dealt with gentle reminders, then a note in the employee file, and if the problem persists termination may follow. Bad employee habits can drain productivity; the time that’s supposed to be spent working and meeting deadlines are put to gossip, slacking off, and coming in late. Pretty soon, the entire team will be effected, and the entire organization. Working in Chineseoffices requires good conduct. Below are some bad employee behaviors to watch out for.
**]An employee that cannot be trusted can be a major problem in the office. Misrepresentations, plagiarism, tampering with time sheets, misusing office funds and equipment, and lying about issues related to work are major issues that call for concern. Simple lies can turn into bigger ones overnight.
**]Employees who put things off until the last minute can impact the total efficiency and productivity of the entire organization.
**]Coming in late every morning, returning late during breaks, and turning in work beyond deadline are all signs of carelessness and poor work habits. Always arriving late is also a blatant display of disrespect to office policies and other members of the team.
[4. Addiction to social media
**]Spending official work hours surfing the internet, watching videos, and downloading music are unacceptable. This is one of the worst traits which causes difficult employees to pull productivity down. Wasting paid hours doing unofficial business can be costly to the organization.
[5. Temper tantrums
**]Throwing a temper tantrum when work gets tough is a major sign of unprofessionalism. This is proof that an employee can’t handle stress and work under pressure.
6. Whining, complaining, gossiping
**]All these negative behaviors kill the enthusiasm of people in an organization. When employees spend time gossiping about others, complaining about work, and whining over the little things they cannot perform their work properly. Also, they run the risk of affecting the people around them.
7. Negative body language
Actions speak more than words. Making faces, frowning, rolling their eyes and other non-verbal body language are usually exhibited by difficult employees and must be addressed immediately.
While some behaviors will not merit termination, there are some bad habits that should not be left unaddressed. These misconducts may lead to bigger problems that may even put the entire organization at risk.
Guide to Successful Cooperation: How to Deal with Bad Workplace Actors
When it comes to handling workplace conflicts, there are some different factors that you need to take into consideration. Does the coworker’s behavior affect others, or just you? Does the coworker have a history with the company, good or bad? Will supervisors listen to you if you complain, or will you just be seen as a “troublemaker?” Sadly, companies are often willing to let a single workplace victim suffer. Perhaps management sees it as a one-on-one conflict that should be resolved individually. The problem here is that there may be no power equation that gives you as an individual any leverage to change the offensive behavior.
On the other hand, you should know that a number of workplace laws, rules, and regulations exist to protect workers from hostile and toxic work environments. Workers do not have to sit and suffer as they once did. of them First, take a deep breath and assess the situation as it has developed over time. Once you become aware that a potentially serious problem is developing, or has developed, start documenting your interactions and/or conversations with the offending coworker, then try speaking to the coworker privately. If the problem is not so serious at first, a private “speaking to” may have wondrous results. Speak to the person more than once if necessary. Always document your private approaches so that you can call them up later if you need to. Keep a diary, or send yourself a summary in a dated email.
If the person’s actions are extreme, public, and potentially harmful to the workplace, document those events as well, even if they do not involve you personally. The point is to record the problems while they are fresh. Do not write nasty notes. This documentation is not on par with your Dear Diary entries in grade school. You may have to share these notes at some point with the company, or a lawyer. You may need this documentation if you have to file a complaint or a lawsuit. Keep it professional.
On speaking privately with your problem coworker, remember that offensive people tend to have thin skins, and handle the interaction as follows:
1) Make sure that your chat is private; do not “tell off” the person in front of other coworkers, colleagues, or management. This action may be unbelievably satisfying, but once you do this, you make an enemy out of this person. Workplace bad actors are not known for their balanced interactions with others. This is one of the attributes that makes them bad actors, so be private and be diplomatic. Also, by turning the interaction into a public smack down, you run the risk cutting off your other options for dealing effectively with this matter, as you now become “part of the problem.”
2) If you have safety concerns about this private conversation, take someone along who is at, or near, your same level at work. Go somewhere private, like a conference room, but not somewhere remote, like a bar outside of town.
3) Prepare for this conversation as you would a job interview so that if the coworker gets emotional or vindictive, you can stay “on message.”
4) If the coworker attempts to escalate what you are trying to handle as a professional and tries to pick a fight, stop the conversation. Just stop.
LEGAL ASPECTS OF BEING AN ENGLISH TEACHER IN CHINA
China is one of the world’s biggest and most fascinating countries. For Westerners looking to gain valuable experience living and actually working in a culture well beyond their own, China is an ideal location to investigate.
Both the rich history and the exciting, evolving modern way of life attract many English teachers to China. From the beautiful countryside to the stunning architecture, there is so much to explore, and the people themselves are becoming more and more connected to the Western world.
As you might imagine, the desire to learn English has never been higher. Not only as Chinese youngsters look to actually visit Western countries as tourists or students, but also for their futures in the business world.
Of course, moving to China to teach English is not a quick and easy process. There are many areas to consider, not least the legal aspects of relocating. Certain criteria must be met, and the process of application can be incredibly confusing. This article is designed to be the only guide you need to help you understand the legality of your upcoming move to China.
[What Type of Institution Should You Consider?
**]You have committed to teaching English in China. What now? The next step is to consider which level of education you’re able and willing to work within. In China, foreign English teachers are given work in various institutions:
**]Teaching English in Chinese kindergartens demands little external work or preparation, and so may be one of the most simplistic options. Obviously, the ages of children you would be working with is very young, so you must be comfortable helping them develop and maintain an understanding of the English language.
Given the complexity of the English language, breaking it down and fostering the youngest children to understand it may be more difficult than working with older students. However, the rewards would be myriad, not least in the amount of fun you would likely have in such an environment.
The salary for teaching English at the kindergarten level varies but is typically around RMB 150 (roughly $18) per hour. You may find that you can be offered more depending on the school.
**]In China, boarding schools are actually quite abundant in both the major cities and rural areas. You can earn between RMB 4,000 and 9,000 per month (around $480 and $1,090 respectively). You would also receive an apartment and payment for your plane trip.
**]When you choose to teach English in China, you may be able to work in winter and summer camps, which usually last from a single week to even a month. The pay is around RMB 5,000 (approximately $600) for two weeks.
The camps can be hard work, but provide the ideal environment in which to discover whether teaching English in China will be for you without making a longer commitment.
**]You may be able to teach at a Chinese university if you carry the required qualifications. Most of today’s Chinese universities feature a department dedicated to foreign languages or English itself. Depending on your background and certification, you may be able to find a job as a ‘foreign expert’ to teach courses of a higher level. This would equate to a higher rate of pay.
Salaries provided from one university to another will vary, though you can typically expect to receive accommodation close to or on the campus itself.
[What Type of Visa Must You Apply For?
**]Before you can work legally in China, you must apply for a visa. This can be confusing for many people, especially when traveling so far from the UK or the USA to China. However, the embassy tries to keep the process as simple as possible. In order to work in China as an English teacher, you have to apply for a ‘Z’ visa from a Chinese consulate or embassy – this is today’s sole valid visa for workers. Additionally, you also need to secure sponsorship from your future employer, so be sure you can arrange this early on.
You MUST take care to secure the proper ‘Z’ visa before you begin working. Even if you accidentally receive another visa (such as the ‘L’ or ‘X’), you may well be hit with significant fines or possible detention.
What Do I Need to Get My ‘Z’ Visa?
To actually secure your ‘Z’ visa, you need to have a specific set of documents. This includes:
• Your visa notification, which will be sent to you by your Chinese employer
• Your ‘Work Permit for Aliens’ from the Chinese Labor Ministry OR your ‘Foreign Expert’s License’ depending on the role you apply for (this license will be granted by the Chinese Foreign Expert Bureau
• Your valid UK or US passport, with A MINIMUM of six months left before it expires
• Your Visa Application Form (Q1), which should be fully complete, and a single passport photograph
• You should include 50 dollars (US)
• You should also receive a health check which proves you are free of TB, HIV, and do not use drugs
[How Do I Apply for a Residence Permit?
**]When you apply for your visa and your passport, you also need to secure a residence permit. As well as your ‘Z’ visa, your residence permit will allow you to teach – this applies to you whether you are regarded as a Foreign Teacher or as a Foreign Expert. Don’t worry, though. Your future employer will ensure you know which of these applies to you. As a Foreign Teacher, you and your employer will work together to help you secure a Foreign Teacher Resident Permit (otherwise known as the Green Book) at the nearest Public Security Bureau. Before you can receive this, you need to make sure you have the right documentation:
• You need your ‘health certification’, submitted by the Beijing Exit & Entry Inspection & Quarantine Bureau.
• You need your valid visa and passport
• Two recent passport photos, showing your full face and bare head
• You also need to include the official seal of the unit on your completed Application Form for Visa, Residence Permit, as well as another picture like the one previously mentioned.
For Foreign Experts, you also need your original and copied versions of your ‘Expert Certificate’ as delivered by the National Expert Bureau of Foreign Affairs Office of the Municipal Government.
We are dedicated to helping you find the right teaching job in China. Whatever questions and concerns you may have, our team will help you find the answers, preparing you for your exciting new life in this beautiful land!
TOP 12 INTERVIEW QUESTIONS YOU MUST KNOW
If you are looking forward to getting a job you will have to face an interview panel at one time or another. It is therefore important to prepare adequately to be able to respond to interview questions that employers often ask. Since these questions are common, you are expected to answer smoothly and without hesitation. However, you do not have to memorize an answer. Just think carefully so that you are not put on the spot during the interview. In fact, if you prepare in advance and have a sense of what you may be asked, you are good to go. Here are the top 12 interview questions.
[1. What is your greatest weakness
**]Although it looks tough this is a very easy question. You are simply being asked about your weaknesses. While answering this question do your best to focus on the positive skills that you have and your abilities as an employee.
[2. Tell us about yourself
**]This is usually a standard opening question but it’s still one of the most common interview questions. According to job seekers, this is one of the questions that usually trip them. While answering it, keep your answer short and job specific. Do not dive into your life history.
3. Why should we hire you
**]The easiest answer to this question is to say you are the most qualified for this job. However, when saying this, back it up with what sets you apart. You should show that you are the best person for this job by giving passionate examples.
4. Why are you leaving your previous
**]When asked about this, do not deviate from the facts. Answer directly and focus your answer on the future, especially if your leaving was not because of any problem. More so, leverage your job history and connect it to the company’s objectives. You need to convince them that you are the best candidate for this job.
5. What is your salary expectation
**]What are you looking forward to in terms of salary? Although this may seem like a simple question, your answer can determine whether you succeed or not, especially if you quote a huge salary. The best way to answer this question is not to over-quote or under quote a salary.
6. What are some of your greatest strengths
**]While answering this question you need to concentrate on the words vision and leadership. You should explain how your leadership qualities and vision translated into your personal results. The most important quality in a successful worker are leadership skills. Avoid naming a strength or quality that is irrelevant to the job.
[7. What are your goals for the future
**]This question has been designed to find out if you are going to be with the organization for some time or move out as you find a better opportunity. Ensure that you keep your answer focused on the opportunity at hand and the organization that is interviewing you.
[8. Why do you want to work for us
**]The interviewing manager is trying to know your underlying reasons towards wanting the job. Are you here just for the salary or do you see yourself becoming an important part of the company? It’s important to show them that you are there to be part of the company. Avoid talking about money at this juncture since this can be a complete turn-off.
[9. What is your greatest achievement
**]Although this is similar to what is your greatest strength, there is some slight difference. Ensure that you pick an accomplishment that shows that the company puts value in what you are doing. You may have many achievements but pick the ones that are the most desirable for the position that you are taking. Do not be tempted to imagine that your accomplishment is too small for the company. What the company values might be more powerful than any unrelated accomplishment.
[10. Have you ever had a conflict with your boss
**]This interview question is very tricky since if you say no, most interviewers will keep digging deep into the question. The key to answering this is describing how you behaved when you had such a conflict and how you resolved it. For instance, you may say that you have had minor conflicts that you easily resolved without any problems.
11. How do you handle success
In most jobs employees usually encounter moments of failure and success. Remember most employees are consistently looking for high levels of productivity among their staff members. They are trying to know how you can handle an achievement and whether you are open to learning.
[12. Do you work well with other people
**]Any organization is often made up of a group of people working together. The interviews are just trying to understand whether you are a people person or not. In fact, by saying that you enjoy working with people is just enough.
**]Well, there you have it. Those are the top 12 good interview questions. The key thing during the interview is to focus on the needs of the company instead of your own while answering the questions so that you do not appear selfish. However, remember every job interview question is always tailored to the job position you are being interviewed for.
TOP 5 INTERNSHIP INDUSTRIES WITH REAL TASKS IN CHINA
So you have decided to take up an internship abroad, but you are seeking not only a new and exciting experience but an internship that will provide you an opportunity to get involved in real serious work. Could China be the real opportunity? The answer to that question is a very simple and resounding yes!
Although many facts of general life, culture and business in China are now more known in Western cultures, there are still many unknowns and treasures to be discovered and experiences to be acquired in China. It is worth repeating that today China is the fastest developing economy in the World. The predictions of some key world economic analysts say that this trend will continue. As a reason for this, they see the fact that China has opened the door to a completely new world of products and services. What does this do for graduates who want a serious opportunity in gaining work experience and finding an engaging job opportunity? It presents an enormous chance for them do gain exactly what they are looking for. The ever-expanding Chinese centers like Beijing, Shanghai, Honk Kong, as well as Guangzhou, Shenzhen, and others present an immense opportunity.
Are there any possible obstacles of getting an internship in China?
In general, one of the trendsetting positions in the world economy today has made it somewhat of a challenge to find an internship or a job in many countries. So many students of different cultural and educational backgrounds are at this very moment searching for an opportunity to work and learn in China. A good way to tackle this obstacle of landing a job is to work with a job agency that has good roots in the Chinese communities and knows very well what opportunities exist, for whom and where in China.
So you have found the right internship opportunity for you, is there anything else to be concerned with? One specific thing you have to pay careful attention to is which type of Chinese visa you should acquire because that will influence what kind of reimbursement or scholarship you can get, or if you will be eligible for those at all.
Since 2015, China has changed its regulations concerning visas for a business-oriented internship. There are X, F, and M visas. The right visa for you will depend on the company and the country you are from. Always research the visa requirements on your own. If you are the first foreigner the company has ever worked with, they may not have a good understanding of the visa process.
If you are going to study in China, you will get an X visa. You could be able to take on an internship, or even paid work, but you would have to get a formal written approval from the school where you are studying. That will also require an update on your residence permit, which is regulated in the place of your residence. One thing you should avoid is attempting to get an internship on a tourist; that is L visa. That is regarded as illegal work, and there could be legal consequences if you are discovered.
KNOWLEDGE OF THE CHINESE LANGUAGE
By now you are certainly aware that it is not essential to know Chinese to get an internship in China. The number of international companies operating is enormous and still growing. Fluid knowledge of the English language will certainly land you an internship in China, as will probably the knowledge of French, German, and some other European languages.
On the other hand, the knowledge of Chinese for somebody trying to get a language associated internship could be essential, particularly if it is connected with teaching a language. Keep in mind that the knowledge of the Chinese language will greatly enhance your chances of getting an internship with the international companies that do not have it as a requirement.
Also, bear in mind that you will spend a part of your life in a Chinese community. You would need to get around, shop, go to a restaurant, etc., along with your job. Even if you go to China without any real proficiency of Mandarin or Cantonese (depending on the region), it might be a good idea to plan to learn it, at least the basics.
INTERNSHIPS IN CHINA – BEST OPPORTUNITIES
It is an ideal situation for any prospecting intern to find an internship which will provide them with real and useful working tasks. To help you make a right decision, here you will see some internship opportunities in China that can provide you with not only invaluable work experience, but probably land you a job that meets your wishes. Before presenting you with our top five internship opportunities in China that might be right for you, here are the basic types of internships available in China:
– Unpaid internships – if you have funds to travel and finance your stay, at least in the beginning, this could provide a starting point.
– Internships that you will have to pay for – this is a valid type of internship in China that is secure if you are using a good agency to help you.
– Internships with reimbursements – The levels of possible reimbursements vary. From small that will cover your travel and basic expenses, to reasonable,
Here are the top five internship opportunities in China with which you can get a real hands-on work experience that will provide you with new skills and opportunities:
– Teaching languages and translation – Usually, a good aspect of this internship is that there is provides a definite benefit to those that would offer to teach other languages to the Chinese, particularly English language, as well as translating between Chinese and another language, again, particularly English.
When you opt for teaching a language, there is no sitting and waiting for something to be passed to you from time to time. It is an all-around working opportunity that will hone both your linguistic and teaching skills. As a teacher, for example of English, you would have to acquire some basic knowledge of Chinese. That could work if you do it as you go along. If you do have previous knowledge of Chinese that is the level required, the translation opportunities in such an expanding economy are almost limitless. You would probably be working under an already skilled company or news outlet translator on document and news items translations. These could include technical instruction manuals, various company brochures, programs for international conferences, legal documents, and others probably coordination with the company that is providing the internships and the mediating agency. This means it would have to be tailored on an individual basis, so you can present what you are looking for and what you can expect that your working experience there can provide for you.
– Engineering – This is one of the most expanding categories of jobs in China that would require the use of qualified interns eager to learn, acquire new skills, and get to do some real life work in their profession. As the business in China expands across the country, so does its infrastructure. Whether your engineering specialty is software development, a particularly sought for specialization in China, electrical engineering, civil engineering, wastewater engineering or any other, the opportunities are there.
It is quite probable that you will participate and assist in certain engineering projects right from its inception, through it being brought into existence until it is complete. This could mean you would have a chance to participate in development and design of a new technology and facilities manufacturing. The duration of a such a program can also determine the duration of your internship, so you will have an opportunity to make firm plans.
– Legal services – On one hand, with so many Western companies coming, legal services are one of the fast growing industries in China. If you plan to set your legal practice in IPR law, patent law, mergers & acquisitions, as well as any other form of corporate or trade law, this can present an opportunity for you. You are certainly aware what amount of work legal affairs present and the fact that you would probably have very specific and concrete tasks to deal with right off from the start. This could very easily lead to a job opportunity at any reputable international law firm.
Another aspect to have in mind here is that, as you are probably aware, different legal systems can operate in very different ways. Getting to know another legal system, while probably not applicable in your domestic legal system, can present an opportunity to compare the concepts that different legal systems are based on, and present an ideal possibility of a good job in comparative law.
– Finances – With big business operations also comes big financial opportunities, meaning that big and not so big banks follow the trail of money. Landing a job in one of the international banks in Hong Kong, Shanghai, but also other key Chinese centers would not only mean that you will be included in the operations of day to day financial transactions and financial projects, but probably have an all week engagement at work. This is due to time differences that exist in the financial world which never stop evolving.
It is also of note that a large number of Chinese financial institution require English speaking staff due to their expanding international operations. Also, for anybody that plans to get a direct job in one of the world’s large financial and stock markets, landing an internship with the Hong Kong Hang Seng Stock Exchange would mean that you would already have full-fledged work experience.
– Architecture and interior design – Architecture, interior design and city planning are some of the fastest growing industries in China. It is so much so that it is one of those branches where it is not so hard to find a paid internship. Usually, if you are willing to commit to staying at the post for a defined period which tends to be for the duration of a certain project. In most cases, interns assist with planning large-scale buildings or their interior design, even completely new communities. For example, having an opportunity to work on some of Shanghai’s new, cutting-edge buildings, commercial or residential, can attract attention to your architectural or interior design skills. This is a type of internship that will give you direct involvement, but also presents an opportunity to refine your skills, gain international experience, and possibly draw attention to your work.
Even though this list presents only five internship opportunities for real work experience, there are others that are worth your investigation if they represent your professional orientation and are where good opportunities are presented in China. These include journalism (although somewhat covered are languages and translation), hospitality and tourism, fashion and real estate industries.
Whatever you choose, choose carefully. It is very probable that an internship opportunity in China will give you the necessary experience and skills to land the job that matches your hopes and capabilities.
FACE THE DRAGON – HOW TO COPE WITH CULTURAL SHOCK
Culture shock is a very common experience when a person arrives in a foreign country for the first time. It can be defined as a situation where a person feels anxious, insecure and disoriented when they are living in an unfamiliar environment. The social customs, behaviors and values the person was used to in their country of origin are no longer present which can be quite overwhelming! Although culture shock is common, you have to overcome these feelings by allowing yourself to be open to change through making new friends with the people around you at work, in your neighborhood, or any other place in your new home.
By putting yourself in situations where you are ready to learn from people of a different culture, you can speed up your cultural integration process and put your culture shock behind you. In time you will feel less confused and anxious however, you must open your mind to new ways of life, even if you feel uncomfortable. Face the dragon is a symbol of China’s culture, tradition, people, and the work environment. You can use this symbol as a reminder to stay strong when you feel overwhelmed. The following are some tips to help you with any culture shock you may experience, in China or in any country.
BE OPEN MINDED
One point that keeps a lot of people stuck in culture shock is the fact that many people have a hard time being open-minded about different beliefs, customs, behaviors, cultures, and values. The problem is that being close-minded prevents you from understanding the people around you and can make you feel like an outsider. Try to be interested in other people’s values, history, beliefs, customs, and anything else pertaining to their identity. This will help you better understand the reasons behind your cultural differences and the people in your new environment. In time, you will feel at home in your unfamiliar surroundings. Who knows, maybe you will come to like aspects of the new culture more than your culture of origin and permanently adopt aspects into your life.
[UNDERSTAND THE SOCIAL CONDUCT
People have different social conducts that come about as a result of their surroundings. It is therefore very important to understand the different behaviors of people in your new environment before arrival. A lack of understanding of how people in the foreign country expect you to behave might result in misunderstandings and might make it hard for you to make friends. For example, native Chinese often behave very differently when compared to Westerners. In China, there is different etiquette which will become more apparent the longer you are in China. Chinese are often deeply rooted in their cultural traditions compared to Westerners who often have more flexible cultures. It is therefore very important to do your research in order to avoid (or at least decrease) offensive cultural mistakes. Know how you are expected to offer greetings, approach someone, and behave in different settings. A great way to learn is to ask questions and observe closely.
[LEARN THEIR LANGUAGE
One problem a lot of people face when they are in a foreign country is the language barrier. English is a global language, however, that does not mean you should not learn the local language. If you have secured an English teaching job in China, for example, you will not have a hard time teaching English in the school, however outside the classroom, you will meet a lot of people who might need your assistance or vice versa. In such situations, knowing a little of their language like how to say thank you will be useful. Speaking a foreign language shows you are interested in their culture and by doing so, you will have created a good rapport. Do not feel the need to obsess about the language but make an effort to know the basics. It will make interactions with different people in the foreign country easier and help you adjust to the culture. If you learn to communicate past simple conversations, you can learn much more about the culture.
AVOID TAKING YOUR CULTURAL KNOWLEDGE LIGHTLY
Culture is something that is very complicated to fully understand in a short time. A psychologist by the name Geert Hofstede compared culture to an onion; you have to go one layer after the other in order to fully understand the content. Some foreigners do some light cultural research and hang out with the people in the foreign country, then assume they know all there is to know about the local culture. These foreigners sometimes find themselves in situations where they try to explain different cultural beliefs, leading to sometimes uncomfortable situations because they might find themselves explaining something wrong. When in a new country, it is important to avoid feeling like you know everything about the people around you because there is always something new to learn. It is, therefore, important to keep yourself in a mindset where you know that the culture more complicated than you think. Just go with the flow and learn as much as you can by asking lots of questions. If you don’t know something, don’t pretend to know.
**]When faced with culture shock, you have a choice. You can either let it overwhelm you, or you can make an effort to be interested in the lives of those around you. For instance, if there is a festival, go visit it with a friend. This will enable you to have fun and interact with the people around you. Try reading the local newspaper to keep you informed about the current events in the country. When you are talking to a local, you can ask them about their opinion on something you read to help you better understand the country. At your workplace, find that person who you think would be a great person to know and looks easy to approach. A friend (or many friends!) in a new country is very important because they help you feel comfortable and teach you some of the things you are expected to know to get by in the new country. They also help you focus less on culture shock because you will be too busy having fun and learning at an accelerated pace.
[HAVE A SENSE OF HUMOR
**]When trying to understand all that is encompassed in the face the dragon it is very important not to take it too seriously. The one thing you do not want to do is put yourself in a situation where you are over-analyzing every situation. laugh at yourself when you give an obviously funny and wrong answer. This will make it possible for the rest of the people around you to educate you and take some humor from the situation. It will not only make things less awkward for you, but will also enable you to make friends faster. If you are always assuming that the people around you are out to make fun of you or judge you, you will not be able to have fun and this might take away from the joy you are expected to have when in a new country. Always remember that it’s never that serious and make each day an opportunity to learn something new about your surroundings.
COMMUNICATE WITH FAMILY AND FRIENDS BUT NOT TOO MUCH
When in a new country, it might help to talk to your family a few times a week, especially when you are still very new to the surroundings. Talking to your loved ones may make you feel more encouraged and less lonely, however, it is important not to overdo it. You can find yourself in a situation where talking to them is a daily routine and this might make it difficult for you to adapt to your new surroundings or make you feel homesick. Try to focus on enjoying your new surroundings in the beginning and making adjustments to the culture.
[VISIT DIFFERENT PLACES
**]Try to visit different places when you have made a friend or an acquaintance because they probably know the area better and will give you an amazing tour of some of the best places in their country. Additionally, it will deepen your friendship or could turn an acquaintance into a friend. Avoid comparing your new surroundings to your own country too much, unless it is in the mindset of it not being better or worse, just different. You will be surprised by how much travel you can do on the weekends when you are not working. Seeing places outside of the city or town where you work will also help you gain a better understanding of the country.
[VISIT DIFFERENT PLACES
**]When you are living in a new country for work, it is very important not to allow the need to feel accepted make you lose your own beliefs, values and cultural ways. Although you should make an effort to understand the people in your surroundings, it is important to share your culture as well. For example, you could bring some traditional food to work for your coworkers. This will help them better understand your culture just as you are trying to understand their culture.
With these tips, you can confidently face the dragon. Just remember that culture shock is a normal feeling and that you are not alone. The level of culture shock you will experience largely depends on your ability to prepare and adapt to the new culture. If you move to a new country with the attitude that you can adapt, you surely will.
IRING SQUAD – TOP 10 REASONS YOU CAN BE FIRED FROM A CHINESE COMPANY
In China legally speaking, terminating an employee is not an easy task. Since 2008, strict rules and regulations were formed for the employers on terminating employees. To avoid the expensive labor disputes which are likely to arise from the termination of employees, the employers in China need to have the information about all the laws and issues relating to employee termination.
The employers need to take preventive measures starting from the appointment of the employee till his/her termination. The firing of an employee should be done with a proper and legal reason. Otherwise, the employer has to face legal issues and compensate for that. Below are ten reasons through which you can be legally fired from a Chinese company:
[Termination of Contract Period Expiry
**]While appointing an employee, there is a first fixed term contract done with the employee. The employer has full right to terminate the employee when the contract period has expired. The employer is not liable to renew the contract if he wants to fire the employee, but the employer needs to pay the economic compensation to the employee. As per the Chinese labor laws, if the second fixed-term contract is supposed to expire, the employee can request an open-ended employment contract, and it becomes mandatory for the employer to accept that request.
So, if you don’t want to get terminated or fired due to contract period expiry, you can request an open-ended employment contract from the employer. Just remember that you cannot request for an open-ended employment contract while your first fixed term contract is expiring, that can be done only after the second-term contract has expired and not before that. So, just show your best performance to stay in your job in China. For the employers, if you want to fire an employee for certain reasons and he/ she is working on an open-ended employment contract, or the contract is not near to its expiry date, then you need to deal with early termination of the employee.
[EARLY TERMINATION OF AN EMPLOYEE
**]In China, an employer cannot fire an employee due to any personal reason. There should be a legal and valid reason to do so. In the case of early termination, an employer can terminate an employee for certain circumstances only. Otherwise, the employer can get trapped in some legal issues which would be very bad for the reputation of the company. In such cases, the employer has to pay additional compensations and legal penalties. Still there are some ways as given below through which an employer can enable early termination of an employee by convincing the employee to have a mutual termination.
Through mutual termination, the employer can save their company from expensive legal disputes and at the same time can terminate the employee. If the employer is not able to convince the employee, then there are some specific reasons or situations in which the employee can be fired. Examples include termination due to fault or misconduct, incompetency of the employee, lack of expected performance, contagious illness, violation of the company’s rules and policies, committing a crime, establishing a relationship with the competitor company, and much more to be listed below:
[THE EMPLOYEE HAS NOT SATISFIED EMPLOYMENT CONDITIONS
During the probation period, if the employee’s behavior, conduct, or performance is not found satisfactory, the employer can fire the employee. If the employee is short tempered and keeps on fighting and arguing with his/her colleagues, then that behavior cannot be accepted in the organization. Many times, the employees are involved in office politics and let other colleagues down deliberately, or take credit for things which they have not done. This must be stopped, otherwise well-deserved employees suffer and lag behind in their careers. The career growth of each and every employee is the responsibility of the employer, and thus, the employer can fire the employee who is not performing well and behaving in an inappropriate manner with other employees. As termination at the time of probation period is totally the will of the employer, still the employee has to give a three-day notice to the employer and the employer can then relieve the employee.
THE EMPLOYEE HAS VIOLATED THE COMPANY’S RULES OR PROCEDURES
Each and every company in China has specific rules or procedures which every employee has to follow. If the employee is a foreigner (resident of any other country besides China), then they need to have the work permit signed by the Government of China. Below are mentioned some rules and procedures that must be followed by the employer.
1. Coming late and leaving early every day
4. Having alcohol during working hours or coming drunk to the workplace
5. Sleeping or showing laziness towards the work assigned to him/her
6. Working or freelancing for other companies in the premises of the organization
7. Any act which is not for the well being of the company
8. Joining hands with the competitor and leaking the company’s information
9. Abusing colleagues or the employer in their presence or absence.
10. The employee is seriously negligent towards his/her duties and commits a major mistake
11. The employee has deceived in any way and caused financial loss to the company
EMPLOYEE HAS COMMITTED A CRIME
An employer can immediately fire an employee in China if he/she has committed a crime. The crime can be of any form like theft, murder, corruption, coercion, human trafficking, drug trade, domestic violence, etc. If the employee has committed any of these crimes and reported to the police station or a legal case is going on in the court, the employer can terminate the employee.
Keeping an employee who has committed such kind of crime can be dangerous as he/she could commit such a crime at the workplace and spoil the reputation of the company. Moreover, the security of all the employees is the responsibility of the employer. If employee harm is caused to other employees, or if any of the employees feels insecure or in danger, then the employer might face legal issues, and the organization spoils its reputation. In such cases, it is always better to fire such employees with a criminal background.
[BREAKING CYBER LAWS
**]If the employees of Chinese companies break cyber laws as given below, they can be terminated immediately from the organization:
• Speaking bad or abusing the company or the employer on Facebook, LinkedIn, Twitter or any other social networking sites.
• Unauthorized surfing on the net.
• Watching porn during working hours
• Using shopping sites during working hours
• Breach of company emails or using company emails for your personal benefit
• Using company internet for your personal reason
• Personal chats using a company Skype account
If any of the above is done by the employee and he/she is caught, they can be terminated as it is a serious offense considered in China because due to all these acts by employees, the company has to face financial loss. The employees being engaged in other cyber activities during working hours could lead to company closure as the overall productivity decreases, and also the reputation of a company can be spoilt. Moreover,
negative marketing of a company while working in the same company cannot be tolerated by any employer.
In these cases, a good compensation is given to the employee, and they are relieved on good notes after the 30 days notice period by the employer.
[TERMINATION WITHOUT FAULT
**]The termination without fault can occur when the employee has not done any fault and is terminated due to the below mentioned reasons:
• If the employee has developed a non-curable disease and cannot get engaged in any activities going on in the organization.
• If the employee has met with an accident out of the company premises and has a serious kind of injury due to which he/she cannot resume working.
• If the employee is incompetent in the work for which he/she has been appointed and even after giving training for other work has remained incompetent.
• If the performance of the employee discussed at the time of appointment becomes impossible due to some external factors or some other factors.
• For any reason if the employee is disturbed due to some personal problems or is depressed and is not able to concentrate on work.
If the termination is without fault, then the employer is supposed to give 30 days notice and provide complete salary to the employee about the notice period.
The employers can take several measures in retaining and terminating employees but within the mentioned rules and regulations. While dealing with the termination process, the employers should be careful so that they do not fall into costly legal issues relating to labor laws.
The company should create a detailed employee handbook with complete rules and regulations for the employees to sign and acknowledge. The company should also maintain detailed records of employee performance to avoid future disputes. Before termination, the company should facilitate proper training or alternatives in changing their duties. There should be proper dispute resolution procedures and an employee consultation team to get the information about the problems your employees are facing (if any) while working in the organization. If the employee takes care of all these issues, they should not fall in an expensive legal trap and run their business on their accord.
WHAT IS A BEHAVIORAL INTERVIEW?
“The most accurate way of predicting the future performance of an individual is by looking at the past performance under a similar situation.” This is a phrase that gave rise to behavioral interviewing, an interview technique developed by industrial psychologists in the 1970s. The following overview on the behavioral interview will help shed more light on this.
[WHAT IS A BEHAVIORAL INTERVIEW?
**]The behavioral interview can be best described as a technique used by employers to learn about the past behavior of an individual in a particular situation.
Behavioral questions are usually asked in the second phase of interviewing and as a norm; employers try to find out how you behaved in a particular situation in the past so as to get clues on how you would behave in the same situation if working for them.
Traditional interview techniques called upon an individual to state their qualifications through a series of questions such as, tell us about yourself? Why do you want to work for this organization? What are your strength and weaknesses? In stark contrast to conventional interviewing techniques, behavioral interviews usually require an individual to relate stories on how they handled a challenge in relation to a particular skill set a company might desire for that position.
For instance, if a job requires an individual to have strong team-building and communication skills, a candidate might be asked by the interviewer to recount previous experiences in which they were able to explain new plans to a team that helped bring a team together. As a norm, behavioral interview questions usually start with phrases such as, tell us about a time… describe a situation where…or give me an example of…
[SO HOW DOES ONE PREPARE FOR A BEHAVIORAL INTERVIEW?
**]While your experience and skill set might be a perfect match to the job in question, you can lose out if you are not able to back them up with a deserving anecdote. When preparing for a behavioral interview, you should ensure that you cover all possible scenarios from which a behavioral interview question might originate. How do you go about doing this? For starters, put yourself in the shoes of an employer and try to create a picture of an ideal candidate for that particular position. What qualities would you desire from that candidate and what are the possible scenarios that would help bring out those qualities?
The second technique is to review the job description and while at it, also carry out thorough research about the company and its culture. Pay particular interest to the skill set the company is interested in and also specific qualities a company might be interested in. After identifying the skill set, try and imagine some behavioral interview questions you might be asked for with that particular skill set.
For example, if the skill set is in decision-making and problem-solving, you might be asked behavioral interview questions such as: describe a situation in which you used logic and good judgment to solve a problem, or give me an example of a time you had to be quick in making a decision. This kind of behavioral interview question is most common in the technical field. For those in the education sector, employers usually ask behavioral questions on skill sets such as motivation. Some of the questions related to motivation that is usually asked include: give us an example of a time in which you positively influenced the action of others or tell us about a time you went above and beyond the call of duty.
HOW DO YOU ANSWER BEHAVIORAL INTERVIEW QUESTIONS?
As a rule, you need to be calm and composed when answering the question. The answer you provide should also be structured, clear and concise.
Giving a structured answer can be quite difficult during an interview. However, by using the S.T.A.R. technique, you can be able to provide a structured answer. Here’s what S.T.A.R stands for:
S: for situation – start with a brief description of the situation and context of the scenario: who, where, what, why.
T: for Task – explain the task that you had to complete highlighting the challenges and constraints.
A: for Action – describe specific actions you took to complete the task: You should highlight the traits being looked for in this section.
R: for Results – close with the results you achieved. In this part, figures are very important.
By putting the above overview into practice, you are assured of facing your behavioral interview.
WHY EMPLOYEES NEED A BREAK FROM A REGULAR JOB
In a typical organization, the employees usually work from morning until night having break time between working hours. It depends on the nature of the organization and whether they give a break to their employees or not. Some organizations don’t have break times, and they focus only on their work. This focus leads to overworking and in this case it may lead to mistakes in the workplace. To work continuously in the job without any break may lead to overwhelming; insomnia etc. and it may lead to exhaustion and job dissatisfaction. Long hours do not meanproductive hours. In fact, working continuously without breaks ultimately reaches a point where you can’t focus on the task. During the working hours, employees need some break to refresh their minds. Breaks re-energize the employees and give them the ability to think more. It’s the duty of management to give breaks in the form of refreshment, incentives, free time, exercises and many other forms to refresh the employee’s minds. Here are some types of breaks that help employees stay refreshed.
**]Usually in the organization, colleagues are supposed to have lunches with each other. Sometimes the organizations have a cafeteria where they offer lunches to their employees and employers refresh their minds. They may talk about various issues in the informal environment. It’s the right of employees to have meal breaks during the working hours.
Many times employees feel overwhelmed when they work continuously, and they can’t focus on their work because of exhaustion. All they need is some rest time and a room where they can take rest for few minutes and refresh themselves. Management is supposed to give employees some time and space to refocus and rest for a little while.
**]It’s at the management’s discretion if they provide breaks or compensation benefits to their employees to refresh themselves. Compensation may help increase employee satisfaction and willingness to work more for the organization. By giving employees the compensation for the work they do, top management may increase the productivity and efficiency of the organization.
[Gym or exercising:
**]Some organizations have a gym and exercise unit where employees can relax by having some exercise space. Their personal time enables the employees to concentrate more on their work. It’s the duty of the management to provide the employees this unit and stay motivated because of the additional facilities provided.
**]As the world is becoming a global village people from all the religions and ethnicities may work in an organization. So, it’s the duty of management to give prayer break to their employees if needed. Some employees need this break while others don’t need it. This break can also be considered as a refocusing and rest time. Also, it increases the employee concentration and attention to the work and will make them feel accepted.
WHY ARE THESE BREAKS NECESSARY IN THE JOBS?
Breaks are the tools that give an opportunity to the employees to think more and focus on the work. It refreshes their minds. Breaks may lead to positive consequences in the organizations that are discussed below:
[Increase in Productivity:
**]When an employee is allowed to have a few minutes break, he or she may be able to focus more on their work. This ultimately leads to productivity where the employees pay more attention to the work, and it is directly linked with the productivity that would be increased.
**]Decisions should be taken at that time when the employee is relaxed and focused. If you are restless, you may not be able to think and make poor decisions. It is better if the decision makers are properly rested and relaxed when they
come across a difficult situation. This may lead to more well thought out decisions and the chances of mistakes may be reduced.
[Boost up creativity and passion:
**]Whatever the work environment is, if the employee is taking a break or rest time between the work ultimately increases the creativity and passion of the work. Being able to think more creatively out of the box helps you solve the problems at hand.
**]Overwork may lead to stress as found in research. This problem can be solved if the employees are given a break between their working day. It could lead to lower stress, and the employees may be able to work without any health or mental problems in the longer run.
All they need is to have some break during working hours. In short, these forms of break could increase productivity, empowerment, creativity, and innovation, better decision-making, and reduced stress.
Laowaicareer TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. About Laowai Career 2. Current International Relations for Chinese Government and Businesses 3. How Jack Ma became a Billionaire Entrepreneur from an English Teacher 4. Chinese Life-Hacks 5. Tips for Learning Mandarin 6. Trekking Mt. Huangshan 7. Startup Profile: CleanMaster 8. Shenzhen: Silicon Valley of China 9. U.S.-China Relations Today 10. Best Jobs For Foreigners In China 11. Do's and Donâ€™t's in Chinese Offices 12. Legal Aspects of Being an English Teacher in China 13. Top 12 Interview Questions You Must Know 14. Top 5 Internship Industries With Real Tasks In China 15. Face the Dragon - How to Cope with Cultural Shock 16. Firing Squad â€“ Top 10 Reasons You Can Be Fired from a Chinese Company 17. What is a Behavioral Interview? 18. Why Employees Need a Break From a Regular Job