Copyright © 2016 by Nevzat Çiftçi
All rights reserved. Also all model rights reserved. They can only be manufactured with the permission of owner. No part of this publication may be reproduced, distributed, or transmitted in any form or by any means, including photocopying, recording, or other electronic or mechanical methods, without the prior written permission of the publisher, except in the case of brief quotations embodied in critical reviews and certain other noncommercial uses permitted by copyright law. For permission requests, write to the publisher, addressed “Attention: Permissions Coordinator,” at the address below.
Also all model rights reserved.
Dr. Nevzat Çiftçi.
Birth: 1960/ Burdur /Turkey.
Mail: [email protected]
I am motivated to study air movement for the purpose of cleaning the air.
I thought a lot of model.
One day, i noticed that a model can transfer the water to high pressure steam boiler without external power. This awakened my interest. Without power loss, cold water was able to enter high steam boiler. It was used to condense the steam to water which entered the boiler. The question that arises is: is this function usable for engine?
Furthermore, I observed that it is the same function with motor. I noticed that this method not only takes the air to the cauldron, but also it gives extra work.
After then, I began to investigate how motors work and which types of motor are used today. I have studied thermodynamic cycles. According to Carnot, all heat is convertible to work. But only a small piece of energy is converted to work in today’s motors.
Why small piece of energy?
I have found only the productivity of known thermodynamic cycles and its calculations. I could see no subject about the unused areas of thermodynamic cycles. I have written my founds here. And also I designed my invention impeller motor. I wrote to patent office to patent it. This book is about my invention impeller motor and other thermodynamic lost energies. This book explains thermodynamic lost energies gives suggestions and methods which use them. All these are theoretical, not experimented. Theory is the pioneer of discovery or practical. If there is in any method to obtain extra work in motor then there is thermodynamic loss area. In subsequent methods, obtained energies is calculable. Thus some thermodynamic energy losses are calculable in motors. And also, no motors can obtain the energies if didn’t do the work intended for it. I invite investigators to examine the subjects of this book and calculate amount of lost energy. Also i invite manufacturer to develop and produce my models or new models which use lost energies in thermodynamic cycles.
Although, this book is related to engine manufacturer and investigator, this also is useful for everybody which use the heat and study about heat. This is not thermodynamic book but it is suitable to understand it.
Compression Recycle Motor has a new extra work producing way and gain an extra work. It produces extra work during compression. Double work producing motor. It is usable as a motor alone, it is usable as a turbocharger. As a turbocharger, it and piston is activated simultaneously and also it does not use turbine energy, and contrary, it produces an extra work.
Internal combustion engine.
External combustion engine.
Some engines more usable now.
Our major interest is on thermodynamic cycles of motors and unused energies in them. And i prepared some guidelines and models to decrease energy losses or to recycle them. Despite Carnot’s theory on thermodynamic cycle, all engines convert small piece of heat to work and vice versa.
Technical progression and mechanical improvement can’t obtain non-thermodynamic energy in used cycles. Daily thermodynamic cycle of engines has certain work capacities. Mechanic improvement can’t reach unused thermodynamic area. The main thrust of this book is to show unused thermodynamic areas and how to use them.
Our guidelines refer to thermodynamic losses of internal and external burning engines and steam engines. We explained mechanic limitation of motors and suggestions in case of necessity.
All engines discharge much more waste heat. Some come from exhaust; some by cooling. All heat discharges are work losses. Some of them are mechanical engineering problem and many of them are thermodynamic cycles limitation. Our considerations are about thermodynamic cycle limitation. We want to show unused energy area and demonstrate how to use this unused energy areas. We want to decrease unused thermodynamic area and increase productivity of work with guidelines.
Another method to increase work production is the secondary use of discharged heat. Only a few engines are using the waste heat as a secondary energy. This articles is much more about energy losses before exhaust as well as about recycling before exhaust. The golden rule for thermodynamic cycle is that the lower the heat is discharged the more work is obtained.
We also investigated maximum convertible work capacity of heat sources in this study. Daily investigations are about to improve motor quality, to increase heat and pressures and they are in closest point of thermodynamic limits of motors . Whereas 60-80% of thermodynamic cycle is not used. Compression and heat increase are unable to reach this area. The subject matter of this article is about unused areas of thermodynamic cycles.
It is explained here upon the impeller motor as a sample. It uses compression recycle, but all other methods use cycling or recycling of the heat (foot note 1). It can use other energy saving methods also. Impeller motor has an impeller, thus it uses much more air volume than piston engines.
Compressed air pressures increases with burning in cylinder of piston engine. These engines convert to work only by sending burned high pressures air toward exhaust. My invention the impeller produces work by sending the burnt air to the area prior to burning.
None of today’s engine produces the work by sending burnt air to compressed area prior to burning. We have demonstrated the alternative way of producing work with our impeller motor. However, None of today’s engine uses this alternative method. If any engine uses this method, it produces double work in one cycle.
In the recycled compression motor, there are serial chambers. Pressured air after burning is sent to previous chamber in which compression is completed to produce the work. This is the first stage of the work. In second stage, it produces the work while compressed air is going to the exhaust. At the present time, all engines produce the second stage of work.
First stage of the work uses the compressible pressures area in producing work. And the motor works at more compressed rate. The impeller motor uses two double work ways and shows its possibility. Impeller motor has both piston and gas turbine properties. Its combustion chamber pressures increased. These properties are similar as in piston engines. Entering and exiting of air is similar as in turbine engines.
Figure 4.4.1 impeller engine. This is explained in chapter 3.
Impeller motor also is usable as turbocharger of any motor, etc, piston or gas turbine engines. In there, motor exhaust gases compress fresh air in impeller motor without power loss. Because the compression lost work will be taken back with production work of impeller motor as turbocharger. In this method, the exhaust of the impeller motor gives insipid of piston energy.
This an impeller engine, which works compression recycle method. Different models which work compression recycle are possible. Investigators have to study about this engines productivity.
I hope that the impeller motor as type of the compression recycle motor will become more simply and more or most effective than others.
Impeller motor uses compression recycle, but all other methods in chapter 2 use cycling or recycling of the heat(footnote 1). Impeller motor can also use heat cycling and recycling. The impeller motor uses an impeller such as a gas turbine engine. Thus, it can convert much more air volume than piston engines. And it has minimal friction surface. But also air pressures increases in burning area like in piston engine.
Piston engines produce the work only by sending the burned high pressures air toward the exhaust. The compression recycle motors produce double work. The first is by sending the burnt air to the area before burning. The second is by sending burnt air to exhaust.
No daily engine is able to produce a work by sending the burnt air to the air area before burning. Thus, we show with the impeller motor that there is a new method or way of producing a work. No daily engine uses this new way. After this sample, i hope that it will be designed new models which produce double work in one cycle with this method.
The compression recycle motors have a serial chambers. In it, pressured air after burning is sent to previous chamber in which the compression completed, but before burning. In this process, the motor produces first work. In the second step, it produces the work while compressed air is going to the exhaust. At the present time, all engines uses this second step to produce the work.
Impeller motor is not only a motor in itself, but also it becomes a compound motor with any other motor. For example its exhaust and inlet bound to turbocharger. Or impeller motor can be used a turbocharger of any main motor. In this case, main motor is settled into instead of impeller motor’s cauldron. In this compound motor, impeller motor compress the air without work loss. Because after compression compressing gases go out with work loss.
Figure 3.1: The impeller motor is with a schematic view of a cross section vertical to the main view.
Figure 3.2: The impeller motor is with a schematic view of a cross section vertical to the main view. Blue arrows are power lines. Both way blue arrow show the neutral effect of air pressures. One side blue arrow is the power of moving air. And tick back blue arrows are in vacuum effect area. Twin line arrow shows pressured burnt air way. One black arrow shows fresh cold air way.
Figure 3.3: The impeller motor, the impeller outside, with open block cover, slightly angled perspective view is from the front.
Figure 3.3: The impeller motor, the outside impeller with open block cover, with slightly angled perspective view.
Figure 3.4: The impeller motor, a perspective view at a slight angle from the front in left. The impeller motor, side perspective view in right.
Figure 3.5: This is different design of the impeller motor with the inlet tube and exhaust. It is slightly angled at the front perspective view of a design that the exchange tube is positioned differently.
15: Block Cover
16: Bomber of chamber
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