How to Run for President

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By: Joseph Longo


Stage One:



The president. The one in charge. You may see them on the news channel, in the history books, or in the newspaper. They are always making executive decisions, and get lots and lots of media coverage. Yes, you have probably heard of them. But have you ever wondered how they have gotten to that position?


If one wishes to become the president of the United States of America, they must first be at least 35 years of age, a natural born United States citizen, and must be a resident of the United States for at least 14 years.


The next thing is to choose a party. Not a disco ball, loud music party, but a party as in a group of people that share the same political ideas. Some examples of this are the Democratic Party and the Republican Party. There are also other parties, such as the Green Party and the Libertarian Party.


To run for president, a candidate will need lots of funding. It is very expensive to make appearances, pay campaign workers, to televise ads, and provide transportation to and from destinations.









Stage Two:

Primaries and Caucuses

So, after a president meets the criteria in order to run, chooses a political party, and raises funds for their campaigns, the Primary Debates and Caucuses begin. In these events, candidates campaign to get as many people to favor them.


A Caucus is when party members come together and discuss which candidate would be best for president with debates, discussions, and votes. Each candidate will campaign in their party only. These votes will help decide who the nominee for that specific party.

A Primary is when the members of a party take a vote on who will become the nominee for their party. Once a candidate is elected for their party, they will move on to the National Conventions.










Stage 3:

National Conventions


The next step in the process is the National Conventions. Each party holds their own convention, where the final decision is made on who will be the party’s candidate for the long run.


Also, at a National Convention, the party’s nominee will choose a running mate, who if elected, will become the candidate’s vice president.


This is very crucial for each candidate. Running mates can make or break a campaign. If a candidate chooses an inferior running mate, and citizens don’t particularly endorse them, it will likely end up in a loss of votes.

Although candidates have been campaigning already, this is when things heat up. Now we have a single candidate and their running mate from each party squaring off in an epic duel.


They launch advertisements about how good they are, or how bad the opponents are. Three major debates take place, and the whole country tunes in to watch.


Finally, after almost four months of this, it is time for the general election.
















Stage Four:

General Election &

Electoral College


The general election is basically what it sounds like, it is a general election. This is when all registered voters vote for who they would like to be the president of the United States of America.


However, the candidate with the most votes does not win. We use the electoral college system, where each state has a certain number of electoral votes.


There is a total of 538 electoral votes, and to win a candidate must earn half, or 270.


A state’s amount of electoral votes is a combination between the population and representatives in congress. Every state has two representatives, so every state has at least two electoral votes.


Photo courtesy www.worldatlas.com


To win a state’s votes, you must have at least 51% of the votes.


It is crucial to win states like California and Texas, because of the electoral votes.


Next, the electoral votes are tallied up and the president is decided.

Photo Courtesy









About the Author


Joseph Longo is in seventh grade and enjoys writing very much. He wrote this book to educate small children about the Presidential election process.








How to Run for President

"How to Run for President" is a kid - friendly, easy to read book about the presidential election process. Written by a seventh grade student, it offers a perfect experience for parents or teachers of young children to educate the children about this topic.

  • Author: Joseph Longo
  • Published: 2016-11-07 23:05:09
  • Words: 688
How to Run for President How to Run for President