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Flora and Fauna of the AIMST University

p.

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] i Flora and Fauna

of The AIMST University

A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs to Promote Awareness about THE Importance of Biodiversity and the Environment Wei Shan Tan

Subhash Bhore

AIMST UNIVERSITY

ii

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Published by

The AIMST University

Bedong-Semeling Road

08100, Semeling, Kedah

Malaysia

*Printed by *

The AIMST University

*Copyright *

Copyright © 2014 Dr. Subhash Bhore and the AIMST University The views reported in this publication do not necessarily represent those of the AIMST University.

This publication may be reproduced for educational or non-profit purposes without special permission from the copyright holders, provided acknowledgement of the source is made. Dr. Subhash Bhore and or the AIMST University would appreciate receiving a copy of any publications that use this book as a source.

Citation: Tan W.S. and Bhore S.J., (2014), Flora and Fauna of the AIMST University: A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs to Promote Awareness about the Importance of

Biodiversity and the Environment, the AIMST University, Malaysia ISBN: 978-983-43522-3-3 (Print version)

e-ISBN: 978-983-43522-4-0 (e-Book version)

For further information, please contact:

Associate Professor Dr. Subhash Bhore

Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Applied Sciences, The AIMST University, Bedong-Semeling Road,

08100 Bedong, Kedah, Malaysia

Tel: +60-4-429 8176; Fax: +60-4- 429 8009 / 8109,

Email: [email protected] / [email protected]

*Cover Page Design *

By: Mr. Subramaniam

*Edition *

First Edition, December 2014

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] iii Flora and Fauna

of The AIMST University

A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs to Promote Awareness about THE Importance of Biodiversity and THE Environment Wei Shan Tan

Subhash Bhore

AIMST UNIVERSITY

iv

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

I strongly believe that

Universities around

the world can play an

important role in increasing

the understanding and

awareness of biodiversity

and the environment,

and its importance in the

survival of the human race.

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] v Foreword

To increase the understanding and awareness of biodiversity and environmental issues, the United Nations (UN) proclaimed ‘May 22’ and ‘June 5’ as the

‘International Day for Biological Diversity’ and ‘World Environment Day’, respectively. I strongly believe that Universities around the world can play an important role in increasing the understanding and awareness of biodiversity and the environment, and its importance in the survival of the human race. We all need to make sure, especial y, that we are educating students about the importance of biodiversity and the environment for our survival on this planet. The AIMST University completed fourteen magnificent years on March 15, 2014. I am delighted that in such a short time, the University has made a noticeable impact on the national and international levels. I am glad that this book is being published on the juncture of University’s 14th ‘Birthday’, the ‘International Day for Biological Diversity’ and ‘World Environment Day’.

I wish to congratulate Associate Professor Dr. Subhash Bhore and his student Mr. Wei Shan Tan for their sincere efforts in bringing out this book, “Flora and Fauna of The AIMST

University: A Compilation of Quotations and Flora and Fauna Photographs to Promote Awareness about the Importance of Biodiversity and the Environment” to contribute their bit in promoting awareness and the importance of biodiversity and the environment in line with the efforts of the international community.

This book is a wonderful attempt of not only to document the wealth of the AIMST

University campus but also to highlight the importance of biodiversity and environment’s conservation. I strongly believe that this book will help all readers in propagating thoughts necessary for conserving our biodiversity and environment.

On this special occasion, I would like to commemorate and join hands with my esteemed colleagues at the AIMST University and all over the world in observing this day to highlight the importance of biodiversity and the environment in our pursuit for a healthy planet with healthy people.

Happy ‘International Biodiversity Day’ and ‘World Environment Day’

Dato’ Seri Utama Dr. S. Samy Vellu

Founder, Chancellor and Chairman

The AIMST University

vi

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Preface

On 15 March 2014, the AIMST University (AIMST) competed fourteen glorious years. The AIMST is very special in the sense that the campus is very green and landscape appears like a designed garden. Our national and international visitors have complemented appreciatively on the aesthetics of the campus. The campus is free from pol ution (water, air, and sound) with a wonderful biodiversity and environment. We are proud of it. The AIMST is spread over an area of 220 acres of land. Prior to the AIMST this land was almost barren of all vegetation due to mining.

In the last fourteen years, the AIMST campus has become a green island of trees, birds, insects and animals. My colleague, Associate Professor Dr. Subhash Bhore, has brought out an exceptional y beautiful compilation entitled “Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University: A Compilation of Quotations and Flora and Fauna Photographs to Promote Awareness about the Importance of Biodiversity and the Environment”. It is in line with the ‘International Day for Biological Diversity’ and ‘World Environment Day’ which raises awareness and importance of preserving biodiversity, and the environment.

The AIMST zealously guards its green heritage and continual y safeguards the flora and fauna through special initiatives. Dr. Subhash with his student identified and compiled types of macro flora and fauna from our AIMST campus, and meticulously documented as many birds and butterflies that have been sighted in our campus. Our students, academic and non-academic staff (and their families) who live in the AIMST campus are the true custodians of this natural richness. Management, students and staff are taking necessary steps to preserve the campus biodiversity, environment and the natural beauty.

I am sure that you will enjoy the content of this book, and that the content will be useful in promoting awareness about the importance of biodiversity and the environment. This book is a perfect gift to students, parents and all nature lovers.

I would like to express my sincere appreciation to Dr. Subhash and his student Tan Wei Shan for their genuine efforts in producing this book on the juncture of the ‘International Day for Biodiversity’, ‘World Environment Day’ and AIMST’s 14th birthday. I applaud the initiative, devotion, and love which has gone into the making of this book.

Senior Prof. Dr. M. Ravichandran

Vice-Chancellor & Chief Executive

The AIMST University

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] vii A Note from MABIC

It is an honour to write a note for this fascinating book, “Flora and Fauna of the AIMST

University: A compilation of quotations and flora and fauna photographs to promote awareness about the importance of biodiversity and the environment”.

As a regular speaker at the AIMST University (AIMST), I have witnessed the evolution of its landscape since its inception. AIMST has not only become an anchor to economic growth to Semeling town but also transformed the old mining land to a thriving treasure throve of biodiversity.

As a science communicator, I can vouch that the format and design of this book will make it an effective tool to create awareness on Malaysian biodiversity. Sincerely, I do congratulate Associate Professor Dr. Subhash Bhore and Mr. Wei Shan Tan for their efforts. It is not an easy task to compile all this valuable information and the beautiful pictures. The efforts of AIMST

management in supporting such a publication must also be applauded.

With this publication, I hope AISMT will become a fertile ground for schools in Kedah to conduct field visits to learn more about our flora and fauna and ways to conserve them. I would recommend that AIMST take their efforts a level higher by opening their campus to ecotourism with attractive activities for the locals.

I wish more educators will emulate AIMST’s efforts in playing an important role in educating the society to effectively deal with the challenging work of conserving our biodiversity and the environment.

Just like any proponent of modern biotechnology, biodiversity and ecology is close to my heart.

Biotechnology and biodiversity go hand in hand with one supporting the other. A number of biotechnology applications support sustainable development and in the conservation of the environment such as tissue culture, genetic engineering, synthetic biology and green technology involving production of bio-based compounds.

I would like to take this opportunity to witness and join hands with the international community in observing this year’s ‘International Day for Biological Diversity’ and ‘World Environment Day’ to highlight the importance of biodiversity and the environment. And this book is a perfect tool to commemorate these special days.

Dr. Mahaletchumy Arujanan

Executive Director

Malaysian Biotechnology Information Center

viii

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

From the Authors

The main purpose of this book is to promote awareness about the importance of conserving biodiversity and the environment. Hence, this book should not be treated as a scientific reference. The scientific names of the species stated in this book are based on the tentative identification of the respective species of the flora and fauna. However, it doesn’t preclude the importance of the book purpose.

Nurturing and conservation of plants, animals, other living organisms, and their natural habitats has become important than never before. In reality, our survival on this planet is not possible without safeguarding biodiversity for a better environment. We have already lost several species of plants, animals and other living organisms due to self-centered human activities. However, we are still committing more mistakes instead of learning from the mistakes. As a result of it, several species of plants, animals, and other living organisms are becoming vulnerable and rare. Many plant and animal species are vanishing at an alarming rate.

The AIMST University (AIMST) campus which is built on an ex-mining landscape has changed a lot and now appears like a designed modern garden. While compiling the information about flora and fauna of the AIMST campus, we came across the news of the ‘Wild Boar’ being sighted only during nights. In this phase, we have documented most of the macro-flora and fauna available in the AIMST. A number of typical Malaysian floras have been planted in the campus, and they are flourishing. Some exotic ornamental plant species have also been added to increase the aesthetic value of the AIMST campus.

This book is our attempt to document the wealth of the AIMST campus with respect to trees, shrubs, birds, butterflies, fungi (mushrooms), insects, and the amphibians that are visual y apparent.

We would like to record our sincere thanks to the Chancellor, Vice-Chancellor, and acting Registrar ( Dr. S. Kathiresan ) for supporting publication of this book on the juncture of ‘International Day for Biological Diversity’, ‘World Environment Day’, and the 14th anniversary of the AIMST. We also thank Mr. L.P. Mohan and Mr. G. Prabhakaran for proof reading of this book and or their comments.

We are hoping that this book will promote awareness about the importance of biodiversity and the environment among all readers of this book. We wish you all a very happy ‘International Biodiversity Day’ and ‘World Environment Day’.

Date: December 1, 2014

Wei Shan Tan & Subhash Bhore

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] ix

x

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Contents

Foreword v

Chinese Hibiscus

27

Preface

vi

Clitoria 28

A Note from MABIC

vii

Coat Buttons

29

From the Authors

viii

Coconut 30

Contents x

Coral Swirl

31

The AIMST University landscape

xiii

Crane Flower

32

FloRA 1

Cypressvine Morning Glory

33

ANgIoSPERMS 2

Dragon Fruit

34

African Fan Palm

2

Drumstick Tree

35

Agati 3

Earleaf Acacia

36

Aloe Vera

4

False Asoka

37

Areca Palm

5

Ficus Tree

38

Asian Rice

6

Garden Balsam

39

Avarum 7

Garden Spurge

40

Banana Plant

8

Giant Crape-myrtle

41

Basil 9

Goat-weed 42

Beach Oak

10

Golden Bamboo

43

Bel yache Bush

11

Jambul 44

Bismarckia 12

Kaffir Lime

45

Black Wattle

13

Kentina Palm

46

Blady Grass

14

Lotus 47

Blue Egyptian Water Lily

15

Madagascar Periwinkle

48

Blue Pea

16

Malay Variegated Bamboo

49

Breadfruit 17

Mango 50

Brinjal 18

Mexican Bluebel

51

Heart of Jesus

19

Mexican Marigold

52

Caladium humboldtii ‘Wightii’

20

Neem 53

Indian-kale 21

Okra 54

Hilo Beauty

22

Oldham’s Bamboo

55

Calamondin Orange

23

Papaya 56

Cape Blue Water Lily

24

Paper flower

57

Cashew 25

Persian Silk Tree

58

Cempedak 26

Purple Coraltree

59

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] xi Pygmy Water-lily

60

UNIDENTIFIED FloRA 90

Red Ixora

61

FAUNA 97

Roselle 62

BIRDS 98

Royal Palm

63

Asian Koel

98

Royal Poinciana

64

Asian Glossy Starling

99

Rubber Tree

65

Black Drongo

100

Ruffled Fan Leaf Palm

66

Brown Shrike

101

Rumpf’s Fig

67

Chestnut-headed Bee-eater

102

Sabi Star

68

Chinese Egret

103

Snake Plant

69

Chinese Pond-Heron

104

Spanish Flag

70

Common Iora

105

Spider Lily

71

Common Myna

106

Sugar Cane

72

Common Tailorbird

107

Tamarind 73

Crested Serpent Eagle

108

Teak 74

Crow Phesant

109

Temple Tree

75

Eurasian Tree Sparrow

110

Touch-me-not 76

Forest Wagtail

111

Traveller’s Palm

77

Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker

112

Umbrel a Papyrus

78

Jungle Myna

113

West Indian Lemon Grass

79

Lesser Whistling Duck

114

White Aubergines

80

Olive-backed Sunbird

115

White Gum

81

Oriental Drawf Kingfisher

116

Whitelead Tree

82

Pacific Swallow

117

Wild Peanut

83

Paddyfield Pipit

118

Windamere Palm

84

Red-wattled Lapwing

119

gyMNoSPERMS 85

Red Turtle Dove

120

Platycladus 85

Rock Pigeon

121

King Sago

86

Scaly-breasted Munia

122

PTERIDoPhyTES 87

Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker

123

Common Polypody

87

Spotted Dove

124

Uluhe Fern

88

White-bellied Sea Eagle

125

MUShRooM (FUNgI) 89

White-breasted Waterhen

126

Common Earthbal

89

White-throated Kingfisher

127

xii

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Yellow-vented Bulbul

128

Lesser Banded Hornet

156

Zebra Dove

129

Neurothemis fulvia

157

FISh 130

Pied Paddy Skimmer

158

African Catfish

130

Red Cotton Stainer Bug

159

Comet Goldfish

131

Red-winged Dragonfly

160

Koi 132

Sapphire Flutterer

161

Pangas catfish

133

Slender Skimmer

162

Snakehead Murrel

134

Striped Albatross

163

Zebrafish 135

Tropical Carpenter Bee

164

REPTIlES 136

Termite 165

Asian Forest Tortoise

136

Weaver Ant

166

Common Wolf Snake

137

gASTRoPoDA 167

Malayan Pit Viper

138

East African Land Snail

167

Water Monitor

139

Garden Snail

168

MAMMAlS 140

UNIDENTIFIED FAUNA 169

Cat 140

*MESSAgES *

172

Dusky Leaf Monkey

141

Messages from UNEP Publications for the

Plantain Squirrel

142

International Day for Biological Diversity 2014 173

Wild Boar

143

APPENDICES 178

AMPhIBIANS 144

APPENDIX-I: Themes of the International

Common Tree Frog

144

Day for Biological Diversity

178

INSECTS 145

APPENDIX-II: Themes of the World

Arhopala horsfieldi basiviridis

145

Environment Day

179

Blue Pansy

146

APPENDIX-III: Eighty (80) Ways to

Common Field Grasshopper

147

Celebrate the World Environment Day

181

Common Three Ring Butterfly

148

BIBlIogRAPhy 184

Dark Small-branded Swift

149

Ditch Jewel

150

Empress Cicada

151

Flesh Fly

152

Giant Honey Bee

153

Golden Ant

154

Leaf-footed bug

155

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] xiii The AIMST University landscape

A sketch showing ‘disturbed landscape’ with mining lakes prior to the AIMST University’s campus construction work (2001). Source: Vice-Chancel or’s office

[_“Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.” _]

Nelson Mandela

xiv

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Current scenario showing ‘restored disturbed landscape’ on which the AIMST University’s campus is built (2014)

For biodiversity conservation and better

environment, the need of time is to restore

disturbed landscapes. Perhaps, the current

scenario of a beautiful AIMST University

campus may be the best example of a

disturbed landscape restoration.

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] xv

xvi

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

This artificial y created gorgeous lotus lake on a

disturbed landscape is one of the attractions in

the AIMST University campus. It is attracting

and harbouring beautiful birds and butterflies.

A good example of ecosystem.

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 1

Flora

2

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

ANGIOSPERMS / African Fan Palm

Name :

“If we pol ute the air, water and soil that keep us alive English : African Fan Palm

and well, and destroy the biodiversity that al ows natural [_systems to function, no amount of money will save us.” _]

Local :

Not Available

David Suzuki

Scientific Name :

[_Borassus aethiopum _](Mart.)

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 3

Agati

[*Name : *]

[_“About two mil ion years ago, man appeared. He has _]

English : Agati Plant

become the dominant species on the earth. All other living things, animal and plant live by his sufferance. He is the Local :

Kacang Turi

custodian of life on earth, and in the solar system. It’s a big [_responsibility.” _]

Scientific Name :

_Sesbania grandiflora _

George Wald

(L.) Poiret

4

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Aloe Vera

Name :

[_“Even if I knew that tomorrow the world would go to _]

English : Aloe Vera

[_pieces, I would still plant my apple tree.” _]

Local :

Martin Luther

Pokok Daun Lidah Buaya

Scientific Name :

[_Aloe vera _](L.) Burm.f.

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 5

Areca Palm

[*Name : *]

English : Areca Palm

Local :

Pokok Pinang

Scientific Name :

_Areca catechu _ Linn.

“I don’t want to protect the environment; I want to create [_a world where the environment doesn’t need protecting.” _]

Greenpeace Africa

6

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Asian Rice

Name :

English : Asian Rice

Local :

Padi

Scientific Name :

_Oryza sativa _ Linn.

[_“The more you know about a species, the more you _]

[_understand about how better to help protect them.” _]

Alan Clark

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 7

Avarum

Name :

[_“Nature is beautiful; such beauty must be based on _]

English : Avarum

[_beautiful facts and beautiful laws.” _]

Local :

Muhammad E. Osman

Bereksa

Scientific Name :

[_Senna auriculata _](L.) Roxb.

8

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Banana Plant

[*Name : *]

“No matter what we call it, poison is still poison, death is English : Banana Plant

still death, and industrial civilization is still causing the [_greatest mass extinction in the history of the planet.” _]

Local :

Pokok Pisang

Derrick Jensen

Scientific Name :

_Musa _ sp.

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 9

Basil

A: Plant,

[_“Nothing leads to good that is not natural.” _]

B: inflorescence

Friedrich Schiller

[*Name : *]

English : Basil

Local :

Pokok Selasih

Scientific Name :

_Ocimum basilicum _ Linn.

10

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Beach Oak

Name :

English : Common Ironwood

Local :

Pokok Ru

Scientific Name :

_Casuarina equisetifolia _ Linn _. _

“Let’s serve as trustees, where we utilize our natural resources for the present and at the same time ensure [_happiness of future generations.” _]

Narendra Modi

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 11

Bellyache Bush

A: Plant,

[_“Yet, despite our many advances, our environment is _]

B: fruits

still threatened by a range of problems, including global climate change, energy dependence on unsustainable fossil Name :

English : Black Physicnut

[_fuels, and loss of biodiversity.” _]

Local :

Dan Lipinski

Jarak Belanda

Scientific Name :

_Jatropha gossypiifolia _ Linn.

12

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Bismarckia

A: Plant,

“We should preserve every scrap of biodiversity as priceless B: fruits

while we learn to use it and come to understand what it [_means to humanity.” _]

[*Name : *]

English : Bismarckia

E. O. Wilson

Local :

Not available

[*Scientific Name : *]

Bismarckia nobilis

(Hildebrandt & H.Wendl.)

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 13

Black Wattle

A: Whole plant

[_“It is not an investment if it is destroying the planet.” _]

B: leaves

C: close view of leaves and

Vandana Shiva

inflorescence

[*Name : *]

English : Hickory Wattle

Local :

Kayu Safoda

Scientific Name :

[_Acacia mangium _](Willd.)

14

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Blady Grass

A: plant,

[_“What is a weed? A plant whose virtues have not been _]

B: inflorescence

[_discovered.” _]

Name :

Ralph Waldo Emerson

English : Blady Grass

Local :

Lalang

Scientific Name :

_Imperata _ sp.

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 15

Blue Egyptian Water Lily

A: Floating leaves of plant and flowers,

B: close-up view of a flower

[*Name : *]

[_“This is the moment when we must come together to _]

English : ScaredBlue Lily

save this planet. Let us resolve that we will not leave our children a world where the oceans rise and famine spreads Local :[* *]

Seroja Merah

[_and terrible storms devastate our lands.” _]

Scientific Name :

Barack Obama

[_Nymphaea caerulea _](Sav.)

16

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Blue Pea

A: Plant twig with a pod

B&C: flowers

Name :

“The human spirit needs places where nature has not been English : Blue Pea

[_rearranged by the hand of man.” _]

Local :

Author Unknown

Pokok Telang

Scientific Name :

Clitoria ternatea Linn.

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 17

Breadfruit

A: breadfruit plant,

B: leaves close-up,

C: leaves and a fruit

[*Name : *]

“I love nature dearly and all creatures that contribute to English : Breadfruit Plant

make it what it is. I see the beauty in all expressions of life, and I see how blind so many of us still are. Our planet is Local :

Pokok Sukun

remarkably abundant and there’s more than enough for us all. It is greed and shortsightedness that create the il usion Scientific Name :

[_of scarcity.” _]

Artocarpus altilis Fosb.

Yossi Ghinsberg

18

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Brinjal

Name :

“Seeds have the power to preserve species, to enhance English : Eggplant

cultural as well as genetic diversity, to counter economic monopoly and to check the advance of conformity on all Local :

Terung

[_its many fronts.” _]

Scientific Name :

Michael Pol an

Solanum melongena Linn.

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 19

Heart of Jesus

[*Name : *]

“Lack of accountability weakens the environmental and English : Heart of Jesus

[_ health rights of citizens; it damages peace- building and ] [_reconciliation initiatives; impedes the implementation of] Local :

Keladi Merah

global health policies; leads to the loss of ecosystems and [_biodiversity; and weakens democracy, justice, human _]

Scientific Name :

[_rights, and international security.” _]

Caladium bicolor

(Aiton) Vent.

Widad Akrawi

20

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

*Caladium humboldtii ‘Wightii’ *

[*Name : *]

“Destruction is a man’s will, nevertheless prevention is English : Caladium huboldtii

also a man’s will, and it’s a man’s choice to choose between [_Destruction and Prevention.” _]

Local :

Not available

Babu Rajan

Scientific Name :

_Caladium humboldtii _

(L.)Schott

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 21

Indian-kale

Name :

“Planet Earth is our shared island; let us join forces to English : Indian-kale

[_protect it.” _]

Local :

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon

Not available

Scientific Name :

_Caladium lindenii _

(André) Madison

22

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Hilo Beauty

Name :

“We are blessed to be a part of a culture where living in English : Hilo Beauty

complete harmony with the environment is central to our [_ethos.” _]

Local :

Not available

Narendra Modi

Scientific Name :

_Caladium praetermissum _

(Bogner & Hett.)

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 23

Calamondin Orange

[*Name : *]

“Unless we free ourselves from a dependence on these fossil English : Mush Lime

fuels… we are condemning future generations to global [_catastrophe.” _]

Local :

Limau Kesturi

Barack Obama

Scientific Name :

_Citrofortunel a mitis _

(Blanco) J. Ingram & H.E.

Moore

24

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Cape Blue Water Lily

[*Name : *]

[_“No country can hide from the dangers of carbon pol ution.” _]

English : Cape Blue Water Lily

Barack Obama

Local :

Not available

Scientific Name :

[_Nymphaea capensis _](Thunb.)

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 25

Cashew

A: Whole tree,

B: leaves and inflorescence,

C: fruits

Name :

“Along with government efforts, people’s participation can English : Cashew Plant

make a big difference in creating a cleaner and greener [_planet.” _]

Local :

Jambu monyet

Narendra Modi

Scientific Name :

Anacardium occidentale Linn.

26

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Cempedak

A: Whole tree,

B: fruits

[*Name : *]

“The issue of climate change is one that we ignore at our English : Cempedak

[_own peril.” _]

Local :

Barack Obama

Buah Cempedak

Scientific Name :

[_Artocarpus integer _](Spreng.)

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 27

Chinese Hibiscus

A: plants,

B: close-up view of leaves and a flower

[*Name : *]

[_“Plants give us oxygen for the lungs and for the soul.” _]

English : Rose Mallow

Linda Solegato

Local :

Bunga Raya

Scientific Name :

[_Hibiscus rosa-sinensis _] Linn.

28

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Clitoria

[*Name : *]

“I would feel more optimistic about a bright future for English : Clitoria

man if he spent less time proving that he can outwit Nature and more time tasting her sweetness and respecting her Local :

Not available

[_seniority.” _]

[*Scientific Name : *]

E. B. White

[_Clitoria macrophyl a _](Wal .)

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 29

Coat Buttons

A: Whole plant,

B: Flower

[*Name : *]

“It is fol y to think that we can destroy one species and English : Tridax Daisy

ecosystem after another and not affect humanity. When [_we save species, we’re actual y saving ourselves.” _]

Local :

Songgo Langit

Joel Sartore

Scientific Name :

_Tridax procumbens _ Linn.

30

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Coconut

A: Coconut plant,

B: fruits

[*Name : *]

“Only after the last tree has been cut down, only after the English : Coconut Tree

last river has been poisoned, only after the last fish has been caught, only then will you find that money cannot Local :

Pokok Kelapa

[_be eaten.” _]

Scientific Name :

Cree Prophecy

_Cocos nucifera _ Linn _. _

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 31

Coral Swirl

A: Whole plant, B: Flower

[*Name : *]

“Earth provides enough to satisfy every man’s needs, but English : Loroco

[_not every man’s greed.” _]

Local :

Mahatma Gandhi

Not available

Scientific Name :

[_Wrightia antidysenterica _](L.) _ _

Robert Brown

32

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Crane Flower

[*Name : *]

“If you want to save a species, simply decide to eat it. Then English : Bird of Paradise

it will be managed – like chickens, like turkeys, like deer, [_like Canadian geese.” _]

Local :

Not available

Ted Nugent

Scientific Name :

[_Strelitzia reginae _](Aiton)

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 33

Cypressvine Morning Glory

[*Name : *]

“Because normal human activity is worse for nature than English : Cardinal Vine

[_the greatest nuclear accident in history.” _]

Local :

Martin Cruz Smith

Not available

Scientific Name :

Ipomoea quamoclit Linn.

34

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Dragon Fruit

Name :

“Man has lost the capacity to foresee and to forestall. He English : Pitahaya

[_will end by destroying the earth.” _]

Local :

Albert Schweitzer

Buah Naga

Scientific Name :

_Hylocereus undatus _

(Haworth) Britton & Rose

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 35

Drumstick Tree

[*Name : *]

“Habitat loss, destruction and degradation of ecosystems, English : Moringa

pol ution, over-exploitation and climate change are among the powerful and persistent impacts that are running down Local :[* *]

Pokok Kelor

the planet’s nature-based capital, including the medical [_treasure trove of the world’s biodiversity.” _]

Scientific Name :

[_Moringa oleifera _](Lamark)

Achim Steiner

36

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Earleaf Acacia

Name :

“What we are doing to the forests of the world is but a English : Northern

mirror reflection of what we are doing to ourselves and to BlackWattle

[_one another.” _]

Local :

Mahatma Gandhi

Pokok Akasia

Scientific Name :

_Acacia auriculiformis _

(A.Cunn. ex Benth.)

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 37

False Asoka

A: Whole tree/s,

B: leaves

Name :

[_“It’s not a choice between our environment and our _]

English : Indian Mast Tree

[_economy; it’s a choice between prosperity and decline.” _]

Local :

Barack Obama

Not available

Scientific Name :

Polyalthia longifolia

(Sonnerat)

38

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Ficus Tree

A: Whole plant

B: Leaves and

fruits

Name :

“The fate of the climate, forests and agriculture are bound English : Weeping Fig

together. If agriculture and land use change continue to [_ produce up to 30% of global greenhouse gases, this will _] Local :

Pokok Ara Beringin

[_mean further disaster and disruption from climate change.” _]

Scientific Name :

Rachel Kyte

Ficus benjamina Linn _. _

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 39

Garden Balsam

[*Name : *]

“One of the most tragic things I know about human nature English : Garden Jewelweed

is that all of us tend to put off living. We are all dreaming of some magical rose garden over the horizon instead of Local :

enjoying the roses that are blooming outside our windows Pokok Keembong

[_today.” _]

Scientific Name :

_Impatiens balsamina _ Linn.

Dale Carnegie

40

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Garden Spurge

[*Name : *]

[_“In a few decades, the relationship between the _]

English : Asthma Plant

environment, resources and conflict may seem almost as [_obvious as the connection we see today between human _]

Local :

Not available

[_rights, democracy and peace.” _]

Scientific Name :

Wangari Maathai

_Euphorbia hirta _ Linn.

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 41

Giant Crape-myrtle

[*Name : *]

“We need to recognize that slowing population growth is English : Pride of India

one of the most cost-effective and reliable ways of easing pressure on our environment and securing a sustainable Local :

Bongor Biru

[_future for us all.” _]

Scientific Name :

Lionel Shriver

Lagerstroemia speciosa

(L) _ _ Persoon

42

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Goat-weed

A: Plant, B: flowers

[*Name : *]

“We’re the only species that have crapped up the planet English : Bil ygoat-weed

[_and the only species that can clean it up.” _]

Local :[* *]

Dennis Weaver

Ketumbit

Scientific Name :

_Ageratum conyzoides _ Linn.

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 43

Golden Bamboo

A

A: bunch of plants,

B: leaves and seeds

Name :

[_“Overconsumption and overpopulation underlie every _]

English : Buddha’s Bel y

[_environmental problem we face today.” _]

Bamboo

Jacques Cousteau

Local :

Buluh minyak

Scientific Name :

_Bambusa vulgaris _

(Schrad. ex J.C.Wendl.)

44

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Jambul

A

B

A: Whole tree,

B: leaves and fruits

[*Name : *]

“Either we reduce the world’s population voluntarily or English : Jambul tree

[_nature will do this for us, but brutal y.” _]

Local :

Maurice Strong

Pokok Jambu Keling

Scientific Name :

_Syzygium cumini _

(Linn.) Skeels.

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 45

Kaffir Lime

[*Name : *]

[_“Everybody talks about population growth and its _]

English : Kaffir Lime

disastrous effect on climate change, food security and [_resource depletion, but nobody does anything about it.” _]

Local :

Limau Purut

Phil Harding

Scientific Name :

_Citrus hystrix _ DC.

46

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Kentina Palm

Name :

“The one process now going on that will take mil ions of English : Thatch Palm

years to correct is the loss of genetic and species diversity by the destruction of natural habitats. This is the fol y our Local [*:*] Not available

[_descendants are least likely to forgive us.” _]

Scientific Name :

Howea forsteriana (Becc.)

E. O. Wilson

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 47

Lotus

A

A: Leaves and flower, B: A flower

[*Name : *]

“Nature is so powerful, so strong. Capturing its essence is English : Scared Lotus

not easy – your work becomes a dance with light and the [_weather. It takes you to a place within yourself.” _]

Local :

Bunga Seroja

Annie Leibovitz

Scientific Name :

[_Nelumbo nucifera _](Gaertn.)

48

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Madagascar Periwinkle

[*Name : *]

“Climate change is a terrible problem, and it absolutely English : Cape Periwinkle

[_needs to be solved. It deserves to be a huge priority.” _]

Local :

Bill Gates

Bunga Tapak Dara

Scientific Name :

_Catharanthus roseus _

(L.) G.Don

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 49

Malay Variegated Bamboo

[*Name : *]

[_“Always do your best. What you plant now, you will _]

English : Malay Variegated

[_harvest later.” _]

Bamboo

Og Mandino

Local :[* *]

Bambu Putih

Scientific Name :

Bambusa glaucophylla

50

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Mango

A: Whole tree,

B: inflorescence and young fruits,

C: mature fruits

[*Name : *]

“The conservation of agricultural biodiversity is a key English : Mango

option for the adaptation to climate change. For example, the conservation of wild relatives of food crops is considered Local :

Mangga

_an insurance policy for the future.” _

[*Scientific Name : *]

Think Tank, Convention on Biological Diversity

_Mangifera indica _ Linn.

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 51

Mexican Bluebell

A: Plants, B: flower

[*Name : *]

[_“If you are planning for a year, sow rice; _]

English :

[_if you are planning for a decade, plant trees; _]

Britton’s Wild Petunia

[_if you are planning for a lifetime, educate people.” _]

Local :

Chinese Proverb

Not available

Scientific Name :

Ruel ia simplex (C. Wright)

52

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Mexican Marigold

A: Plant, B: Flower

Name :

[_“The good man is the friend of all living things. _]

English : Aztec Marigold

Mahatma Gandhi

Local :

Bunga Kembang Emas

Scientific Name :

Tagetes erecta Linn.

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 53

Neem

B

A

A: Whole plant, B: leaves and inflorescence

[*Name : *]

[_“Wood smoke definitely has a negative health impact.” _]

English : Indian Lilac

Mark Lundberg

Local :

Pokok Mambu

Scientific Name :

[_Azadirachta indica _](A.Juss.)

54

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Okra

Name :

“We – human beings – are part of ‘biodiversity’. We are English : Lady’s Finger

[_dependent on the whole food chain down below us.” _]

Local :[* *]

Darrel Merrel

Bendi

Scientific Name :

Abelmoschus esculentus

(L.) Moench

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 55

Oldham’s Bamboo

[*Name : *]

“To cherish what remains of the Earth and to foster its English : Giant Timber Baboo

[_renewal is our only legitimate hope of survival.” _]

Local :

Wendell Berry

Not available

Scientific Name :

[_Bambusa oldhami _](Munro.)

56

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Papaya

[*Name : *]

[_“The earth is like a beautiful bride, who needs no _]

English : Papaya

[_man-made jewels to heighten her loveliness.” _]

Local :

Author Unknown

Betik

Scientific Name :

Carica papaya Linn.

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 57

Paper flower

Name :

“The wealth of the nation is its air, water, soil, forests, English : Lesser Bougainvillea

minerals, rivers, lakes, oceans, scenic beauty, wildlife habitats and biodiversity…that’s all there is. That’s the Local :

Bunga Kertas

whole economy. That’s where all the economic activity and jobs come from. These biological systems are the sustaining Scientific Name :

[_wealth of the world.” _]

_Bougainvil ea glabra _ Choisy

Gaylord Nelson

58

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Persian Silk Tree

A

A: Whole tree, B: leaves, flower and pods

[*Name : *]

“I used to worry that all the trees in the jungle would be English : Pink Silk Tree

cut down to make paper for their reports on how to save [_the rainforest!” _]

Local :[* *]

Not available

Nick Birch

Scientific Name :

_Albizia julibrissin _ Baker

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 59

Purple Coraltree

A: Plant,

B: Inflorescence

[*Name : *]

“Forests are the world’s air-conditioning system – the lungs English : Coral Bean Tree

[_of the planet – and we are on the verge of switching it off.” _]

Local :

Prince Charles

Pokok Dedap Merah

Scientific Name :

[_Erythrina fusca _](Lour).

60

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Pygmy Water-lily

A

A: floating leaves with a flower,

B: a flower close-up

[*Name : *]

“Unless we practice conservation, those who come after English : Star Lotus

us will have to pay the price of misery, degradation, and [_failure for the progress and prosperity of our day.” _]

Local :[* *]

Not available

Gifford Pinchot

Scientific Name :

_Nymphaea nouchali _

(Burm. F.)

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 61

Red Ixora

A

B

A: Whole plant,

B: flowers

[*Name : *]

“My Rainforests Project … has three main elements. Firstly, English : Jungle Flame

to determine how much funding the rainforest countries need to re-orientate their economies so that the trees are Local :

Bunga Siantan

[_worth more alive than dead.” _]

Scientific Name :

Prince Charles

Ixora coccinea Linn.

62

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Roselle

[*Name : *]

“We’ve got to pause and ask ourselves: How much clean English : Roselle Fruit

[_air do we need?” _]

Local :

Lee Iacocca

Asam Belanda

Scientific Name :

_Hibiscus sabdariffa _ Linn.

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 63

Royal Palm

[*Name : *]

English : Florida Royal Palm

Local :

Not available

Scientific Name :

_Roystonea regia _

(Kunth) O.F.Cook

[_“Plants to protect air and _]

_water, wilderness and _

_wildlife are in fact plans to _

[_protect man.” _]

Stewart Udal

64

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Royal Poinciana

A

B

A: Whole plant,

B: leaves

[*Name : *]

“The major problems in the world are the result of the English : Flamboyant

difference between how nature works and the way people [_think.” _]

Local :

Pokok Semarak Api

Gregory Bateson

Scientific Name :

_Delonix regia _

(Boj. ex Hook.) Raf.

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 65

Rubber Tree

[*Name : *]

“Not all chemicals are bad. Without chemicals such as English : Pará Rubber Tree

hydrogen and oxygen, for example, there would be no way [_to make water, a vital ingredient in beer.” _]

Local :

Pokok Getah

Dave Barry

Scientific Name :

[_Hevea brasiliensis _](Mül .Arg.)

66

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Ruffled Fan Leaf Palm

[*Name : *]

“The Earth’s biodiversity, much of which has yet to be English : Ruffled Fan Palm

_discovered, provides a unique opportunity to improve _

not only the health of current but also that of future Local :

Palas Payung

[_generations” _]

Scientific Name :

Ahmed Djoghlaf

_Licuala grandis _

(hort. ex W. Bull) H. Wendl.

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 67

Rumpf’s Fig

Name :

English : Mock Bodh Tree

Local :

Pokok Ancak

Scientific Name :

_Ficus rumphii _ Blume

[_“People everywhere, and _]

_particularly the rural poor, _

_depend on biodiversity _

_for food, fuel, shelter, _

[_medicines and livelihoods.” _]

Kemal Dervis

68

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Sabi Star

[*Name : *]

“The fragrance of flowers spreads only in the direction English : Desert Rose

of the wind. But the goodness of a person spreads in all [_directions.” _]

Local :

Kemboja Cina

Chanakya

Scientific Name :

_Adenium obesum _

“Someone’s sitting in the shade today because someone (Forssk.) Roem. & Schult.

[_planted a tree a long time ago.” _]

Warren Buffett

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 69

Snake Plant

[*Name : *]

English : Mother-in-law’s

Tongue

Local :

Lidah Buaya

Scientific Name :

Sansevieria trifasciata (Prain)

[_“If a tree dies, plant another in its place.” _]

Carl Linnaeus

70

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Spanish Flag

A

A: Plant,

B: close-up view of leaves and flowers

[*Name : *]

“Unless we can slow down the rapid extinction rate, which English : West Indian Lantana

is currently being greatly accelerated by climate change, biodiversity loss will seriously jeopardize our prospects for Local :

Pokok Bunga Tahi Ayam

[_achieving the Mil ennium Development Goals.” _]

Scientific Name :

Kemal Dervis

Lantana camara Linn.

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 71

Spider Lily

[*Name : *]

[_“Mother Nature is our teacher—reconnecting us with _]

English : Beach Spider Lily

_Spirit, waking us up and liberating our hearts. When _

we can transcend our fear of the creatures of the forest, Local :

Krinum Bakung

then we become one with all that is; we enter a unity of existence with our relatives—the animals, the plants and Scientific Name :

[_the land that sustains us.” _]

_Hymenocal is littoralis _

(L.f. ex Salisb.) Salisb.

Sylvia Dolson

72

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Sugar Cane

[*Name : *]

English : Sugar Cane

Local :

Tebu

Scientific Name :

Saccharum officinarum Linn.

[_“I think still it is very fine _]

_not to want children. There _

_are far too many people _

_in the world. It is my _

[_contribution to ecology.” _]

Helen Mirren

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 73

Tamarind

B

A: Three, B: fruits

A

[*Name : *]

“Unless we can ensure that the economy is kept subservient English : Tamarind

[_to our ecology, we will self-destruct.” _]

Local :

Roger V Short

Asam Jawa

Scientific Name :

Tamarindus indica Linn.

74

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Teak

A

B

A: Plant, B: inflorescence

[*Name : *]

“For in the true nature of things, if we rightly consider, English : Teak

every green tree is far more glorious than if it were made [_of gold and silver.” _]

Local :

Pokok Jati

Martin Luther

Scientific Name :

Tectona grandis (L.f.)

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 75

Temple Tree

A

A: Plant, B: flowers

[*Name : *]

[_“We are on track for a 3.5 °C rise by 2040 (i.e. 4.2 °C _]

English : Common

relative to pre-industrial)… When I look at this data, the Frangipani

trend is perfectly in line with a temperature increase of Local :

6 °C, which would have devastating consequences for the Kemboja Kuning

planet. We have 5 years to change the energy system, or [_have it changed.” _]

Scientific Name :

Plumeria rubra Linn.

Fatih Birol

76

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Touch-me-not

A

B

A: Whole plant, B: close-up of leaves and flower

[*Name : *]

“Burning one hectare of grassland gives off more damaging English : Sensitive Plant

pol utants than 6000 cars. And we are burning in Africa, [_every single year, more than one bil ion hectares.” _]

Local :

Pokok Semalu

Al an Savory

Scientific Name :

Mimosa pudica Linn.

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 77

Traveller’s Palm

[*Name : *]

English : Traveller’s Tree

Local :

Pokok Pisang Kipas

Scientific Name :

_Ravenala madagascariensis _

(Sonn.)

[_“This World Environment _]

_Day, I would like to renew _

_my pledge for a greener _

_Malaysia, a legacy I can be _

_proud of leaving not only _

_to my children, but to the _

[_people’s children as well.” _]

Datuk Seri Najib Razak

78

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Umbrella Papyrus

A

B

A: Plant, B: inflorescence

[*Name : *]

“A nation that destroys its soils destroys itself. Forests are English : Umbrel a Sedge

the lungs of our land, purifying the air and giving fresh [_strength to our people.” _]

Local :

Not available

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Scientific Name :

Cyperus alternifolius Linn.

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 79

West Indian Lemon Grass

[*Name : *]

“Everyone who considers themselves a realist will be forced English : West Indian Lemon

to justify their behavior in light of their contribution Grass

[_toward the preservation of the environment.” _]

Local :

Ernst von Weizacker

Serai

Scientific Name :

Cymbopogon citratus Stapf

80

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

White Aubergines

[*Name : *]

[_“When we realize we can make a buck cleaning up the _]

English : Garden Egg

[_environment, it will be done!” _]

Local :

Dennis Weaver

Terung Putih

Scientific Name :

Solanum melongena Linn.

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 81

White Gum

[*Name : *]

English : Ribbon Gum

Local :

Not available

Scientific Name :

_Eucalyptus viminalis _ Labill.

[_“Food waste is probably _]

_one of the worst things for _

[_global warming.” _]

Datuk Seri Najib Razak

82

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Whitelead Tree

[*Name : *]

[_“The climate chal enge il ustrates how we have to _]

English : White Popinac

change. The developing countries need more support and opportunities to develop and use clean energy. Because if Local :

Petai Belalang

the current situation continues, then the world will not be [_able to handle this burden.” _]

Scientific Name :

_Leucaena leucocephala _

Gro Harlem Brundtland

(Lam.) de Wit

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 83

Wild Peanut

[*Name : *]

“To me a lush carpet of pine needles or spongy grass is English : Wild Groundnut

[_more welcome than the most luxurious Persian rug.” _]

Local :

Helen Keller

Kacang Tanah

Scientific Name :

_Arachis hypogaea _ Linn.

84

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Windamere Palm

[*Name : *]

English : Windamere Palm

Local :

Not available

Scientific Name :

_Trachycarpus latisectus _

(T.W.Spanner, H.J.Noltie &

M.Gibbons)

[_“Out of all those mil ions _]

_and mil ions of planets _

_floating around there in _

_space, this is our planet, _

_this is our little one, so we _

_just got to be aware of it _

[_and take care of it.” _]

Paul McCartney

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 85

GyMNOSPERMS / Platycladus

[*Name : *]

“The best friend on earth of man is the tree. When we use English : Oriental Thuja

the tree respectful y and economical y, we have one of the [_greatest resources on the earth.” _]

Local :[* *]

Not available

Frank Lloyd Wright

Scientific Name :

[_Platycladus orientalis _](L.)

Franco

86

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

King Sago

[*Name : *]

“Global warming is a matter of national security. Will we English : Sago Cycad

live in a world where we must fight our neighbors for fresh water and food? Or will we take the lead now and leave to Local :

Not available

our children and grandchildren a world better off than the [_one we inherited from our parents? ” _]

Scientific Name :

[_Cycas revolute _](Thunb.)

General Wesley Clark

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 87

PTERIDOPHyTES / Common Polypody

[*Name : *]

“Climate change is not just another issue. It is the issue that, English : Common Polypody

unchecked, will swamp all other issues. The only hope lies in all the countries of the world coming together around Local :

Not available

a common global project to rewire the world with clean [_ energy. This is a path to peace --- peace among people, and _] Scientific Name :

[_peace between people and nature.” _]

Polyp _odium vulgare _ Linn.

Ross Gelbspan

88

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Uluhe Fern

[*Name : *]

“The warnings about global warming have been extremely English : Uluhe Fern

_clear for a long time. We are facing a global climate crisis. _

[_It is deepening. We are entering a period of consequences.” _]

Local :

Not avaialble

Al Gore

Scientific Name :

_Dicranopteris linearis _

(Burm.f.) Underw.

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 89

MUSHROOM (FUNGI) / Common Earthball

[*Name : *]

“Let every individual and institutions now think and act English : Pigskin Poison

as a responsible trustee of Earth, seeking choices in ecology, Puffbal

economics and ethics that will provide a sustainable future, Local :[* *]

eliminate pol ution, poverty and violence, awaken the Not Available

wonder of life and foster peaceful progress in the human [_adventure.” _]

Scientific Name :

_Scleroderma citrinum _

John McConnel

(Persoon)

90

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

UNIDENTIFIED FLORA

A species from Pteridophytes

“Educating the mind without educating the heart is no group of plants

[_education at all.” _]

Aristotle

“Trees are the best monuments that a man can erect to his own memory. They speak his praises without flattery, and [_they are blessings to children yet unborn.” _]

Lord Orrery

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 91

Unidentified Flora

An unidentified plant species

[_“If our nation wants to reduce global warming, air _]

pol ution and energy instability, we should invest only in [_the best energy options. Nuclear energy isn’t one of them.” _]

Mark Z. Jacobson

92

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Unidentified Flora

An unidentified mushroom

[_“Mushrooms are miniature pharmaceutical factories, _]

species

and of the thousands of mushroom species in nature, our ancestors and modern scientists have identified several _dozen that have a unique combination of talents that _

[_improve our health.” _]

Paul Stamets

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 93

Unidentified Flora

An unidentified mushroom

“The cutting of primeval forest and other disasters, fueled species

_by the demands of growing human populations, are the _

[_overriding threat to biological diversity everywhere.” _]

Edward O. Wilson

94

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Unidentified Flora

An unidentified wood

“I think the environment should be put in the category of degrading mushroom species

our national security. Defense of our resources is just as important as defense abroad. Otherwise what is there to [_defend?” _]

Robert Redford

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 95

*Unidentified Flora *

An unidentified mushroom

“Global climate change is real and we have a limited time species

to change our behavior or live with the consequences. We can all help by making small changes in our lives to letting our voice be heard by our governing bodies. As has always been the case in this country, if the people demand change, [_it will come.” _]

Kyra Sedgwick

96

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Unidentified Flora

([*Photocredit : *]

Prof. M. Ravichandran)

Clavaria miniata mushroom

species?

[_“There is no waste in _]

_functioning natural _

_ecosystems. All organisms, _

_dead or alive, are potential _

_sources of food for other _

_organisms. A caterpil ar _

[_eats a leaf; a robin eats _]

[_the caterpil ar; a hawk _]

_eats the robin. When the _

_plant, caterpil ar, robin, _

_and hawk die, they are _

_in turn consumed by _

[_decomposers.” _]

G. Tyler Miller, Jr.

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 97

Fauna

98

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

BirdS / Asian Koel

[*Name : *]

“There is nothing in which the birds differ more from English : Asian Koel

man than the way in which they can build and yet leave a [_landscape as it was before.” _]

Local :

Tuwur Asia

Robert Lynd

Scientific Name :

_Eudynamys scolopaceus _ Linn.

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 99

Asian Glossy Starling

[*Name : *]

“All across the world, …increasingly dangerous weather English :Asian Glossy Starling

patterns and devastating storms are abruptly putting an end to the long-running debate over whether or not climate Local:

Perling Kumbang

change is real. Not only is it real, it’s here, and its effects are giving rise to a frighteningly new global phenomenon: Scientific Name :

[_the man-made natural disaster.” _]

_Aplonis panayensis _

(Scopoli, 1783)

Barack Obama

100

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Black drongo

[*Name : *]

“Global warming threatens our health, our economy, our English : Black Drongo

natural resources, and our children’s future. It is clear we [_must act.” _]

Local :

Pasala Poligadu

Eliot Spitzer

Scientific Name :

_Dicrurus macrocercus _

(Vieillot, 1817)

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 101

Brown Shrike

[*Name : *]

[_“Conservation means development as much as it does _]

English : Brown Shrike

protection. I recognize the right and duty of this generation to develop and use the natural resources of our land; but Local :

Burung Merbah

I do not recognize the right to waste them, or to rob, by [_wasteful use, the generations that come after us.” _]

Scientific Name :

Lanius cristatus Linn.

Theodore Roosevelt

102

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Chestnut-headed Bee-eater

B

A

A: Bee-eater, B: an individual going for hunting

[*Name : *]

“It is upsetting that many people don’t seem to observe English: Chestnut-headed

what’s happening to the environment, what’s happening Bee-eater

in terms of global warming, the loss of habitats and wild Local :

[_things.” _]

Berek berek Carik Dada

Joanne Woodward

Scientific Name :

_Merops leschenaultia _

(Vieillot, 1817)

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 103

*Chinese Egret *

[*Name : *]

“We should preserve every scrap of biodiversity as priceless English : Swinhoe’s Egret

while we learn to use it and come to understand what it [_means to humanity.” _]

Local :

Bangau Cina

E. O. Wilson

Scientific Name :

Egretta eulophotes

(Swinhoe, 1860)

104

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Chinese Pond-Heron

B

A

A: Individual resting under a tree, B: an individual taking off [*Name : *]

“Scientists themselves readily admit that they do not ful y English : Chinese Pond-Her-understand the consequences of our many-faceted assault on

upon the interwoven fabric of atmosphere, water, land and Local :

life in all its biological diversity. But things could also turn Not Available

out to be worse than the current scientific best guess. In military affairs, policy has long been based on the dictum Scientific Name :

that we should be prepared for the worst case. Why should [_Ardeola bacchus _](Bonaparte)

it be so different when the security is that of the planet and [_our long-term future?” _]

Prince Charles

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 105

Common iora

[*Name : *]

[_“Natural species are the library from which genetic _]

English : Common Iora

[_engineers can work. Genetic engineers don’t make new _]

[_genes, they rearrange existing ones.” _]

Local :

Burung Kunyet Kecil

Thomas Lovejoy

Scientific Name :

_Aegithina tiphia _ Linn.

106

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Common Myna

[*Name : *]

“The tropical rain forests are a tel ing example. Once cut English : Indian Myna

down, they rarely recover. Rainfall drops, deserts spread, [_the climate warms.” _]

Local :

Gembala Kerbau

James Lovelock

Scientific Name:

Acridotheres tristis Linn.

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 107

Common Tailorbird

[*Name : *]

“The nation’s biological diversity has great economic, English : Common Tailorbird

[_aesthetic, and spiritual value.” _]

Local :[* *]

Ecological Society of America

Burung Perenjak Pisang

Scientific Name :

_Orthotomus sutorius _

(Pennant)

108

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Crested Serpent Eagle

[*Name : *]

“Biodiversity is the greatest treasure we have… Its English :Crested Serpent

[_diminishment is to be prevented at all cost.” _]

Eagle

Thomas Eisner

Local :

Helang Berjambul

Scientific Name :

Spilornis cheela

(Latham, 1790)

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 109

Crow Phesant

(Photocredit: Prof. M. Ravichandran)

[*Name : *]

“The essential role of the environment is still marginal in English : Greater coucal

discussions about poverty. While we continue to debate these initiatives, environmental degradation, including Local :[* *]

Burung But-but Carik Anak

the loss of biodiversity and topsoil, accelerates, causing [_development efforts to falter.” _]

Scientific Name :

_Centropus sinensis _

Wangari Maathai

(Stephens, 1815)

110

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Eurasian Tree Sparrow

[*Name : *]

[_“We share this planet with many species. It is our _]

English : Eurasian Tree

responsibility to protect them, both for their sakes and our Sparrow

[_own.” _]

Local :

Burung Ciak Urasia

Pamela A. Matson

Scientific Name :

[_“We must convince and empower people to adopt the _]

_Passer montanus _ Linn.

conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity as their [_guiding principle.” _]

Klaus Toepfer

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 111

Forest Wagtail

[*Name : *]

“While I am a great believer in the free enterprise system English : Forest Wagtail

and all that it entails, I am an even stronger believer in the rights of our people to live in a clean and pol ution-free Local :

Kicuit Hutan

[_environment.” _]

Scientific Name :

Barry Goldwater

Dendronanthus indicus

(Gmelin, 1789)

112

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker

[*Name : *]

“He who plants a tree

English : Grey-capped Pygmy

[_Plants a hope.” _]

Woodpecker

Lucy Larcom

Local :

Burung Belatuk Belacan

“Scientists know we must protect species because they are Scientific Name :

[_working parts of our life-support system.” _]

Dendrocopos canicapil us

(Blyth, 1845)

Paul Ehrlich

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 113

Jungle Myna

[*Name : *]

“Man can now fly in the air like a bird, swim under the English : Jungle Myna

ocean like a fish, he can burrow into the ground like a mole. Now if only he could walk the earth like a man, this Local :

Burung Tiong Hutan

[_would be paradise.” _]

Scientific Name :

Tommy Douglas

_Acridotheres fuscus _

(Wagler, 1827)

114

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Lesser Whistling duck

[*Name : *]

“The time has come to link ecology to economic and human English : Lesser Whistling

development. When you have seen one ant, one bird, one Teal

tree, you have not seen them all. What is happening to the Local :

[_rain forests of Madagascar and Brazil will affect us all.” _]

Itik Belibis

Edward O. Wilson

Scientific Name :

Dendrocygna javanica (Hors-

field, 1821)

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 115

Olive-backed Sunbird

[*Name : *]

“Now when you cut a Forest, an ancient forest in particular, English : Yellow-bellied

you are not just removing a lot of big trees and a few Sunbird

birds fluttering around in the canopy. You are drastical y Local :[* *]

imperiling a vast array of species within a few square Burung Kelicap Bukit

miles of you. The number of these species may go to tens of thousands. … Many of them are still unknown to science, Scientific Name :

and science has not yet discovered the key role undoubtedly [_Cinnyris jugularis _] Linn.

played in the maintenance of that ecosystem, as in the case [_of fungi, microorganisms, and many of the insects.” _]

Edward O. Wilson

116

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Oriental drawf Kingfisher

(Photocredit: Prof. M. Ravichandran)

[*Name : *]

“[The natural world cleans water, pol inates plants and English : Black-backed King-provides pharmaceuticals, among many other gifts.] Thirty fisher

tril ion dol ars’ worth of services, scot-free to humanity, Local :

[_every year.” _]

Not available

Edward O. Wilson

Scientific Name :

_Ceyx erithaca _ Linn.

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 117

Pacific Swallow

A

B

A: Pack of swallows resting, B: close-up of an individual [*Name : *]

[_“The UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme) _]

English : Pacific Swallow

Green Economy report chal enges the myth that there is a [_trade-off between the economy and the environment.” _]

Local :

Burung layang-layang

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon

Scientific Name :

[_Hirundo tahitica _](Gmelin)

118

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Paddyfield Pipit

[*Name: *]

“If we want to solve financial and environmental crises, English : Oriental Pipit

we need to find a solution for both — and that solution [_involves green growth — sustainable growth.” _]

Local :

Burung Ciak Padang

Felipe Calderón

Scientific Name:

[_Anthus rufulus _](Vieillot)

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 119

red-wattled Lapwing

A

B

A: An alerted individual, B: an individual walking on the grass [*Name: *]

[_“The most sustainable way is to not make things. The _]

English : Red-wattled

second most sustainable way is to make something very Lapwing

[_useful, to solve a problem that hasn’t been solved.” _]

Local :

Thomas Sigsgaard

Rapang Minta Duit

Scientific Name:

Vanellus indicus (Boddaert)

120

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

red Turtle dove

[*Name : *]

[_“Sustainability is about ecology, economy and equity.” _]

English : Red Col ared Dove

Ralph Bicknese

Local :

Burung Terkukur Merah

“Every time we lose a species we break a life chain which [_has evolved over 3.5 bil ion years.” _]

Scientific Name :

_Streptopelia tranquebarica _

Jeffrey McNeely

(Hermann)

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 121

rock Pigeon

[*Name : *]

“[Sustainability is] growth based on forms and processes English : Rock Dove

of development that do not undermine the integrity of the [_environment on which they depend.” _]

Local :[* *]

Burung Pergam Batu

Scientific Name :

Jim MacNeil

[_Columba livia _](Gmelin)

122

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Scaly-breasted Munia

Name :

“People ‘over-produce’ pol ution because they are not English : Nutmeg Mannikin

[_paying for the costs of dealing with it.” _]

Local :

Ha-Joon Chang

Pipit pinang

Scientific Name :

_Lonchura punctulata _ Linn.

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 123

Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker

A

B

A: Side view of the male bird, B: dorsal view of the male bird [*Name : *]

[_“Sustainability requires maintaining life-supporting _]

English : Scarlet-backed

natural capital in order for our socioeconomic goals to be Flowerpecker

[_met.” _]

Local :

Warren Flint

Sepah Puteri Merah

Scientific Name :

_Dicaeum cruentatum _ Linn _. _

124

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Spotted dove

[*Name : *]

“Today we’re dumping 70 mil ion tons of global-warming English : Mountain Dove

_pol ution into the environment, and tomorrow we will _

_dump more, and there is no effective worldwide response. _

Local :

Burung Kuku

Until we start sharply reducing global-warming pol ution, [_I will feel that I have failed.” _]

Scientific Name :

_Spilopelia chinensis _

Al Gore

(Scopoli, 1768)

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 125

White-bellied Sea Eagle

[*Name : *]

“I took the initiative in moving forward a whole range English : White-breasted Sea

of initiatives that have proven to be important to our Eagle

[_country’s economic growth, environmental protection, _]

Local :

[_improvements in our educational system.” _]

Burung Lang Siput

Al Gore

Scientific Name :

[_Haliaeetus leucogaster _](Gme-

lin, 1788)

126

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

White-breasted Waterhen

[*Name : *]

“Consider what kind of car you get. Buy cars and other English : White-breasted

[_products that have the least impact environmental y.” _]

Waterhen

Al Gore

Local :[* *]

Burung Ruak-ruak

Scientific Name :

_Amaurornis phoenicurus _

(Pennant)

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 127

White-throated Kingfisher

[*Name : *]

“As president, I will bring all the parties and stakeholders English : Smyrna Kingfisher

_together. I am going to come up with a solution that _

respects the environment and does not cause an upheaval Local :

Pekaka Belukar

[_in the economy.” _]

Scientific Name :

Al Gore

Halcyon smyrnensis Linn.

128

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Yellow-vented Bulbul

[*Name : *]

“Our goal is clear, that is to build an economy that protects English :

the environment as well as an environment that supports Yellow-vented Bulbul

[_the growth of the economy.” _]

Local :

Burung Merbah Kapur

Sheikh Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum

Scientific Name :

Pycnonotus goiavier

(Scopoli, 1886)

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 129

Zebra dove

[*Name : *]

“The future of the world is in green and when we plan our English : Barred Ground

[_future we must do so on the basis of green technologies.” _]

Dove

Meles Zenawi

Local :[* *]

Burung Merbuk Balam

Scientific Name :

Geopelia striata Linn.

130

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

FiSH / African Catfish

[*Name : *]

[_“Unless we change the way we produce and consume we _]

English : African Sharptooth

will face a crisis in our natural resources. It is crucial that Catfish

we make the necessary changes now rather than when we Local :[* *]

[_hit environmental tipping points.” _]

Ikan Keli Afrika

Janez Potocnik

Scientific Name :

Clarias gariepinus

(Burchel , 1822)

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 131

Comet Goldfish

[*Name : *]

[_“Our mother Earth brings us together in a universal _]

English : Comet Goldfish

brotherhood, but also in the duty that we all must feel to defend nature, biodiversity, the quality of water and air Local :

Ikan Mas Comet

and the fertility of soil. Because you can’t talk about food [_without talking about the environment.” _]

Scientific Name :

_Carassius auratus auratus _

Carlo Petrini

Linn.

132

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Koi

[*Name : *]

[_“The current massive degradation of habitat and _]

English : Koi

extinction of species is taking place on a catastrophical y short timescale, and their effects will fundamental y reset Local :

Ikan Koi

[_the future evolution of the planet’s biota.” _]

Scientific Name :

National Academy of Sciences

_Cyprinus carpio _

_haematopterus _ Linn.

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 133

Pangas catfish

[*Name : *]

[_“Biodiversity is our nation’s natural wealth. The _]

English : Pangas catfish

[_Endangered Species Act safeguards these riches.” _]

Local :

Judy L. Meyer

Ikan Patin

Scientific Name :

Pangasius pangasius

(F. Hamilton)

134

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Snakehead Murrel

Name :

“Each species on our planet plays a role in the healthy English : Striped Snakehead

_functioning of natural ecosystems, on which humans _

[_depend.” _]

Local :

Ikan Haruan

William H. Schlesinger

Scientific Name :

[_Channa striata _](Bloch)

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 135

Zebrafish

[*Name : *]

“Once species become extinct, no corrective legislation can English : Zebrafish

[_bring them back—they are gone forever.” _]

_ _

Local :

Allen M. Solomon

Ikan Zebra

Scientific Name :

[_Danio rerio _](F. Hamilton)

136

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

rEPTiLES / Asian Forest Tortoise

(Photocredit: Prof. M. Ravichandran)

[*Name : *]

“Our moral and ethical responsibility is to protect other English : Asian Brown Tor-species in the spirit of husbandry rather than destroy them toise

[_in and attitude of conquest.” _]

Local :[* *]

Charles Southwick

Not available

Scientific Name :

_Manouria emys _

(Schlegel & Müller)

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 137

Common Wolf Snake

(Photocredit: Prof. M. Ravichandran)

[*Name : *]

“Even if we act immediately, the world is doomed to lose English : Common Wolf

many of its animal and plant species and this in turn will Snake

reduce the ability of ecosystems to deliver vital services to Local :

human populations. The Red List gives all of us a practical Not available

tool for raising awareness of the biodiversity crisis and for forging new partnerships within the international Scientific Name :

[_community.” _]

[_Lycodon capucinus _](F. Boie)

Achim Steiner

138

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Malayan Pit Viper

( [_Photocredit: Ms. Jannathul _]

[_Firdous) _]

[*Name : *]

“As custodians of the planet it is our responsibility to deal English : Malayan Pit Viper

with all species with kindness, love and compassion. That [_these animals suffer through human cruelty is beyond _]

Local :

Ular Kapak Bodoh

[_understanding. Please help to stop this madness.” _]

Scientific Name :

Richard Gere

_Cal oselasma rhodostoma _

(Kuhl)

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 139

Water Monitor

[*Name : *]

“We cannot win this battle to save species and environments English : Water Monitor

without forging an emotional bond between ourselves and nature as well – for we will not fight to save what we do Local :[* *]

Biawak Air

[_not love.” _]

_ _

Scientific Name :

Stephen Jay Gould

[_Varanus salvator _](Laurenti)

140

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

MAMMALS / Cat

[*Name : *]

[_“Nature is the foundation of business. _]

English : Domestic cat

_Ecology sets the rules for economy. _

_Thus, damaging nature is damaging business. _

Local :

Kucing

[_Like cutting the branch we sit on.” _]

Scientific Name :

Bouwe Taverne

Felis catus Linn.

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 141

dusky Leaf Monkey

[*Name : *]

“We’ve raised concerns for years about primates being in English : Spectacled leaf

peril, but now we have solid data to show the situation is monkey

[_far more severe than we imagined.” _]

Local :[* *]

Russell A. Mittermeier

Not available

Scientific Name :

_Trachypithecus obscurus _

(Reid)

142

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Plantain Squirrel

[*Name : *]

English : Oriental Squirrel

Local :

Tupai Pinang

Scientific Name :

_Cal osciurus notatus _

(Boddaert)

[_“If you have forests, you _]

[_can save primates.” _]

Anthony Rylands

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 143

Wild Boar

(Photocredit: Prof. M. Ravichandran)

[*Name : *]

“Destroying rainforest for economic gain is like burning a English : Wild Boar

[_Renaissance painting to cook a meal.” _]

Local :

Edward O. Wilson

Babi Hutan

Scientific Name :

Sus scrofa Linn.

144

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

AMPHiBiANS / Common Tree Frog

(Photocredit: Prof. M. Ravichandran)

[*Name : *]

“We’re losing biodiversity global y at an alarming rate, English : Four-line Tree Frog

and we need a cornucopia of different plants and animals, [_for the planet’s health and our own.” _]

Local :[* *]

Katak-pohon Bergaris

_ _ Diane Ackerman

Scientific Name :

_Polypedates leucomystax _

(Gravenhorst, 1829)

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 145

iNSECTS / Arhopala horsfieldi basiviridis

[*Name : *]

“What the caterpil ar cal s the end of the world the master English : Not available

[_cal s a butterfly.” _]

Local :

Richard Bach

Not available

Scientific Name :

_Arhopala horsfieldi _

(Pagenstecher)

146

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Blue Pansy

A

B

A: Male Individual, B: female individual

[*Name : *]

[_“Earth as an ecosystem stands out in the all of the universe. _]

English : Blue Pansy

There’s no place that we know about that can support life as we know it, not even our sister planet, Mars, where we Local :[* *]

Not available

might set up housekeeping someday, but at great effort and trouble we have to recreate the things we take for granted Scientific Name :

[_here.” _]

J _unonia orithya _ Linn _. _

Sylvia Earle

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 147

Common Field Grasshopper

[*Name : *]

“One of the first conditions of happiness is that the link English : Common Field

[_between Man and Nature shall not be broken.” _]

Grasshopper

Leo Tolstoy

Local :[* *]

Not available

Scientific Name :

_Chorthippus brunneus _

(Thunberg)

148

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Common Three ring Butterfly

Name :

“Thirty-five (35) % of the world’s crop production is English : Common Three

_dependent on pol inators such as bees, birds and bats. _

Ring

Hence, the conservation of the components of agricultural Local :

ecosystems that provide goods and services, such as natural Not available

pest control, pol ination, and seed dispersal, should also be [_promoted.” _]

ScientificName :

_Ypthima pandocus corticaria _

Think Tank, Convention on Biological Diversity

(Butler,1879)

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 149

dark Small-branded Swift

[*Name : *]

“The universe is so arranged that the power to destroy the English : Black Branded Swift

climate or the ecosystem of your home planet only comes when you also have the wisdom to know that doing so is Local :

Not available

a fatal mistake. Therefore, any species that does that is suicidal, and will probably not qualify for any kind of help, Scientific Name :

[_from the powers of the universe, with fixing that error.” _]

[_Pelopidas mathias _](Fabricius)

J.Z. Colby

150

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

ditch Jewel

[*Name : *]

[_“Don’t cry because it’s over, smile because it happened.” _]

English : Orange Skimmer

Dr. Seuss

Local :

Not available

Scientific Name :

_Brachythemis contaminata _

(Fabricius)

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 151

Empress Cicada

(Photocredit: Prof. M. Ravichandran)

[*Name : *]

“By eating meat we share the responsibility of climate English : Empress Cicada

change, the destruction of our forests, and the poisoning of our air and water. The simple act of becoming a vegetarian Local :

Reriang

[_will make a difference in the health of our planet.” _]

Scientific Name :

Thích Nhất Hạnh

_Megapomponia imperatorial _

(Westwood)

152

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Flesh Fly

[*Name : *]

“In a world of seven bil ion people, set to grow to nine bil ion English : Flesh Fly

[_by 2050, wasting food makes no sense – economical y, _]

_environmental y and ethical y, aside from the cost _

Local :

Not available

implications, all the land, water, fertilizers and labour needed to grow that food is wasted – not to mention the Scientific Name :

generation of greenhouse gas emissions produced by food [_Sarcophaga ruficornis _]

decomposing on landfill and the transport of food that is (Fabricius)

[_ultimately thrown away.” _]

Achim Steiner

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 153

Giant Honey Bee

[*Name : *]

“If the bee disappeared off the face of the earth, man would English : Giant Honey Bee

[_only have four years left to live.” _]

Local :

Maurice Maeterlinck

Lebah tualang

Scientific Name :

Apis dorsata (Fabricius, 1793)

154

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Golden Ant

[*Name : *]

“if all insects on Earth disappeared, within 50 years all life English : Golden Ant

on Earth would end. If all human beings disappeared from [_the Earth, within 50 years all forms of life would flourish.” _]

Local :[* *]

Not available

Biologist Jonas Salk

Scientific Name :

_Polyrhachis beccari _ (Mayr)

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 155

Leaf-footed bug

[*Name : *]

“We have a mighty task before us. The earth needs our English : Squash Bug

[_assistance.” _]

Local :[* *]

Laurens van der Post

Not available

Scientific Name :

_Piezogaster indecorus _

(Walker)

156

Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Lesser Banded Hornet

A

B

A: Browsing for food, B: nest

[*Name : *]

[_“Float like a butterfly, sting like a bee.” _]

English : Lesser Banded

Hornet

Muhammad Ali

Local :

Tebuan

Scientific Name :

_Vespa affinis _ Linn.

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 157

Neurothemis fulvia

[*Name : *]

“The forests are dying, the rivers are dying, and we are English : Neurothemis fulvia

cal ed to act. To return Earth to harmony is to restore the harmonious principles within ourselves and to act as Local :[* *]

Not available

responsible caretakers – to save the forests and the waters [_for future generations.” _]

Scientific Name :

_Neurothemis fulvia _

Dhyani Ywahoo

(Drury, 1773)

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Pied Paddy Skimmer

[*Name : *]

“Wilderness recovery, I firmly believe, is the most important English : Pied Paddy

[_task of our generation.” _]

Skimmer

Reed Noss

Local :

Not available

Scientific Name :

[_Neurothemis tul ia _](Drury)

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 159

*red Cotton Stainer Bug *

[*Name : *]

“In my view, climate change is the most severe problem English : Red Cotton Stainer

that we are facing today, more serious even than the threat Bug

[_of terrorism.” _]

Local :

Sir David King

Not Available

Scientific Name :

Dysdercus cingulatus

(Fabricius)

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red-winged dragonfly

[*Name : *]

“In nature there are neither rewards nor punishments; English : Red-winged Drag-there are consequences.”

onfly

Robert Green Ingersol

Local :[* *]

Not Available

Scientific Name :

[_Neurothemis terminata _](Ris)

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 161

Sapphire Flutterer

[*Name : *]

[_“One problem facing humanity is now so urgent that, _]

English : Sapphire Flutterer

unless it is resolved in the next two decades, it will destroy [_our global civilization: the climate crisis.” _]

Local :[* *]

Not available

Dr. Tim Flannery

Scientific Name :

_Rhyothemis triangularis _

(Kirby)

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Slender Skimmer

[*Name : *]

[_“The greatest danger hanging over our children and _]

English : Green Marsh Hawk

_grandchildren is initiation of changes that will be _

[_irreversible on any time scale that humans can imagine.” _]

Local :[* *]

Not available

Dr. James Hansen ng

Scientific Name :

[_Orthetrum sabina _](Drury)

[_A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs _] 163

Striped Albatross

[*Name : *]

“There is good evidence that last year’s European heat English : Striped Albatross

wave was influenced by global warming. It resulted in [_26,000 premature deaths and cost $13.5 bil ion.” _]

Local :

Not available

Tony Blair

Scientific Name :

[_Appias libythea _](Fabricius)

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Tropical Carpenter Bee

A

B

A: Hovering individual, B: individual resting on a flower [*Name : *]

[_“The Himalayan Glaciers on the Tibetan Plateau have _]

English : Tropical Carpenter

_been among the most affected by global warming. The _

Bee

Himalayas…provide more than half of the drinking water Local :

[_ for 40% of the world’s population…Within the next half-Kumbang Kayu _]
[_
p. century, that 40% of the world’s people may well face a very serious drinking water shortage, unless the world acts Scientific Name :

boldly and quickly to mitigate global warming.”

Xylocopa latipes (Drury)

Al Gore

A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs 165

Termite

[*Name : *]

“Climate change ‘could spark more volcanoes, earthquakes, English : Termite

and tsunamis’.”

Local :

Daily Mail

Anai-anai

Scientific Name :

Globitermes sulphureus

(Haviland)

166

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Weaver Ant

[*Name : *]

“It is not enough to be busy. So are the ants. The question English : Orange Gaster

is: What are we busy about?”

Local :[* *]

Henry David Thoreau

Semut Api

Scientific Name :

Oecophyl a smaragdina

(Fabricius)

A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs 167

GASTrOPOdA / East African Land Snail

[*Name : *]

“Coral reefs, the rain forest of the ocean, are home for one-English : Giant African Land

third of the species of the sea. Coral reefs are under stress Snail

for several reasons, including warming of the ocean, but Local :

especial y because of ocean acidification, a direct effect of Siput Babi

added carbon dioxide. Ocean life dependent on carbonate shel s and skeletons is threatened by dissolution as the Scientific Name:

ocean becomes more acid.”

Achatina fulica (Férussac)

Dr. James Hansen

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Garden Snail

[*Name : *]

“There is a deep interconnectedness of all life on earth, English : Garden Snail

from the tiniest organisms, to the largest ecosystems, and absolutely between each person.”

Local :[* *]

Not available

Bryant McGil

Scientific Name :

Helix aspersa (O. F. Müller)

A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs 169

UNidENTiFiEd FAUNA

“To halt the decline of an ecosystem, it is necessary to think like an ecosystem.”

Douglas P. Wheeler

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Unidentified Fauna

“In the end, we will conserve only what we love, we will love only what we understand, and we will understand only what we are taught.”

Baba Dioum

A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs 171

Unidentified Fauna

“Living wild species are like a library of books still unread. Our heedless destruction of them is akin to burning the library without ever having read its books.”

John Dingel

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MESSAGES

Biodiversity and the ecosystem services it provides are central to achieving the vision of a water secure world. […] Where once the focus was on trade-offs between water use and biodiversity, today we are coming to understand how biodiversity and water security are mutual y reinforcing.”

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon

Member States have given us a mandate. The United Nations must respond by pursuing sustainability in all our operations, facilities and work practices. To do so, we will have to seek out and adopt the latest thinking and technology and be prepared to embrace – as well as advocate for – change. The journey has begun. We are working to reduce the environmental footprint of our peacekeeping missions, and our Nairobi and New York headquarters are setting new standards in energy efficiency. But, we still have a long road to travel.”

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon

A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs 173

*Messages from UNEP Publications for *

the international day for Biological diversity 2014

This year’s International Day for Biological Diversity fals in the International Year of Small Island Developing States and is being observed under the theme of “Island Diversity”.

For some 600 mil ion island-dwel ers -- nearly one-tenth of the world’s population and representing one in three United Nations Member States -- biodiversity is integral to their subsistence, income, well-being and cultural identity.

Half the world’s marine resources lie in island waters. Biodiversity-based industries such as tourism and fisheries account for more than half the gross domestic product of small island developing states. Coral reefs alone provide an estimated $375 bil ion annual return in goods and services. Many island species on land and sea are found nowhere else on Earth. Legacies of a unique evolutionary heritage, they hold the promise of future discoveries -- from medicines and foods to biofuels.

Yet, reflecting a global pattern, island biodiversity is being lost at an unprecedented rate in the face of growing risks. Rising sea levels caused by climate change, ocean acidification, invasive alien species, overfishing, pol ution and ill-considered development are taking a heavy toll. Many species face the prospect of extinction. People’s livelihoods and national economies are suffering.

The process to define a post-2015 development agenda and the Third Conference on Small Island Developing States in Samoa in September of this year both offer opportunities to attend to the unique needs

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of small island developing states and reverse the global decline in biodiversity. Because of their vulnerability, small island developing states are demonstrating a growing understanding of the links between healthy ecosystems and human well-being. Many have made local, national and regional commitments to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity, including through ratifying important instruments such as the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization. I call on all countries around the world to fol ow suit and ratify the Protocol without delay.

Around the world, many innovative partnerships are being forged to preserve marine and coastal resources, enhance resilience to climate change and develop sustainable tourism, fisheries and other industries.

On this International Day, let us commit to adopting, adapting and scaling up best practices so we can protect fragile ecosystems for the benefit of all the islanders -- and indeed people everywhere -- who depend on them.

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon

As we celebrate the 2014 International Day for Biological Diversity, let us celebrate the spirit of islands and work together for a sustainable future – a future of life in harmony with nature, the future we want.

Dr. Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias,

Executive Secretary of the Convention on Biological Diversity

A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs 175

Island biodiversity is not only about biodiversity of Small Island Developing States, it is about islands as ecosystems of global significance.”

Dr. Spencer Thomas, Ambassador and Special Envoy for Multilateral Environmental Agreements, Government of Grenada

“[*I *]am not here to talk about saving islands; I am here to talk about saving the world.”

The Honourable Tony A. deBRUM, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Republic of the Marshall Islands

Islands are working together, getting results and showing the way to achieve the Aichi Biodiversity Targets but further action is urgently needed to conserve and protect the unique island ecosystems and surrounding seas”

Dr. Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias,

Executive Secretary of the Convention on Biological Diversity

The Global Island Partnership is an excel ent example of intra-island partnership that we believe we must champion in Samoa. Connecting our islands, across our oceans, helping share ideas and also mobilise more resources for island initiatives.”

H.E. James A. Michel, President of the Republic of Seychelles

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Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

Protecting our natural resources is one of the biggest opportunities of our lifetime, and nowhere is it more evident than in the Caribbean.”

Sir Richard Branson, Founder of Virgin Group

We are charting a path for future generations, stressing the importance of conservation throughout the region.”

Dr. the Right Honourable, Keith C. Mitchel , Prime Minister of Grenada

In Palau, we like to say the environment is our economy and the economy is our environment.”

H.E. Tommy E. Remengesau Jr., President of the Republic of Palau

I believe that the related biosecurity and invasive species issues are absolutely critical to our region and should serve as a model for active and effective response by all of our governments. Aside from Climate Change, no other issue so dramatical y alters our island landscapes than invasive species and the broader issues of biosecurity.”

H.E. Tommy E. Remengesau, Jr., President of Palau

A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs 177

The Small Islands, Big Difference campaign is a very exciting way for individuals, organizations, governments, or funding institutions to engage in conserving some of the most threatened species global y and therefore directly contribute to achieving the 2020 global targets set forth by the Convention on Biological Diversity”

Dr. Gustavo A.B. da Fonseca, Secretariat Global Environment Facility

It is a common misconception that sea level rise is the greatest threat to small island countries, when in fact the declines of the coral reefs that help feed and protect us and contribute to our wealth and well-being is a more immediate threat to the economic viability and the very physical existence of many of our islands.”

H.E. Ronny Jumeau, Ambassador for Climate Change and SIDS Issues Chair of the GLISPA Steering Committee, Republic of Seychelles

If we view our Earth as an island, it becomes apparent that we must change course to ensure a healthy, sustainable world.”

Nainoa Thompson, Executive Director, Polynesian Voyaging Society

The Western Indian Ocean Coastal Chal enge can become an example to the world on how to integrate climate change adaptation, ecosystem management, biodiversity conservation, clean energy for sustainable livelihoods with development.”

Professor Rolph Payet, Minister for Environment and Energy, Republic of Seychelles

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  • APPENdiCES*

APPENdiX-i: Themes of the International Day for Biological Diversity No Year Theme

1.

2014 Island Biodiversity

2.

2013 Water and Biodiversity

3.

2012 Marine Biodiversity

4.

2011 Forest Biodiversity

5.

2010 Biodiversity, Development and Poverty Alleviation

6.

2009 Invasive Alien Species

7.

2008 Biodiversity and Agriculture

8.

2007 Biodiversity and Climate Change

9.

2006 Protect Biodiversity in Drylands

10. 2005 Biodiversity: Life Insurance for our Changing World 11. 2004 Biodiversity: Food, Water and Health for All

12. 2003 Biodiversity and poverty alleviation – challenges for sustainable development

13. 2002 Dedicated to forest biodiversity

A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs 179

APPENdiX-ii: Themes of the World Environment Day

No Year Theme

1.

2014 Small Islands

2.

2013 Food Waste

3.

2012 Green Economy

4. 2011 Forests

5. 2010 Biodiversity

6.

2009 Climate Change

7.

2008 Low-Carbon Economies

8.

2007 Melting Ice

9.

2006 Deserts and Desertification

10. 2005 Green Cities

11. 2004 Seas and Oceans: Dead or Alive?

12. 2003 Water – Two Billion People are Dying for It!

13. 2002 Give Earth a Chance

14. 2001 Connect with the World Wide Web of Life

15. 2000 The Environment Millennium: Time to Act

16. 1999 Our Earth: Our Future

17. 1998 For Life on Earth: Save Our Seas

18. 1997 For Life on Earth

19. 1996 Our Earth, Our Habitat, Our Home

20. 1995 We the Peoples: United for the Global Environment 21. 1994 One Earth One Family

22. 1993 Poverty and the Environment: Breaking the Vicious Circle 23. 1992 Only One Earth, Care and Share

24. 1991 Climate Change. Need for Global Partnership

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Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

No Year Theme

25. 1990 Children and the Environment

26. 1989 Global Warming; Global Warning

27. 1988 When People Put the Environment First,

Development Will Last

28. 1987 Environment and Shelter: More Than A Roof

29. 1986 A Tree for Peace

30. 1985 Youth: Population and the Environment

31. 1984 Desertification

32. 1983 Managing and Disposing Hazardous Waste:

Acid Rain and Energy

33. 1982 Ten Years After Stockholm (Renewal of Environmental Concerns)

34. 1981 Ground Water; Toxic Chemicals in Human Food Chains 35. 1980 A New Challenge for the New Decade: Development Without Destruction

36. 1979 Only One Future for Our Children – Development Without Destruction

37. 1978 Development Without Destruction

38. 1977 Ozone Layer Environmental Concern; Lands Loss

and Soil Degradation

39. 1976 Water: Vital Resource for Life

40. 1975 Human Settlements

41. 1974 Only one Earth

A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs 181

APPENdiX-iii: Eighty (80) Ways to Celebrate the World Environment Day *No *

  • Theme *

1.

Adopt a ‘green’ way of life

2.

Art made of recycled materials

3.

Auctions to benefit an environmental project

4.

Award presentations for environmental competitions

5.

Awareness campaigns

6.

Bicycle parades/races

7.

Broadcast of public service announcements (TV and Radio)

8.

Buy a fuel-efficient car

9.

Calculate your carbon footprint

10. Carpools

11. Celebrity support

12. Clean-up campaigns

13. Competitions (banner, drawing, essay, painting, poster, poetry) 14. Conferences on the environment

15. Debates on environment issues

16. Dedicate your blog to World Environment Day on 5 June 17. Distribute leaflets, brochures and posters

18. Donate to an environmental cause

19. Environmental education programmes in schools

20. Excursions to nature sites

21. Exhibitions (drawings, posters, photos, paintings)

22. Festivals

23. Film festivals on the environment

24. Give a gift membership of an environmental organisation 25. Guidelines to community-based environmental activities 26. Hoist banners at major road intersections

27. Help local environmental groups organise WED events

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Flora and Fauna of The AIMST University

*No *

  • Theme *

28. Inform all your friends about WED

29. Involve various partners (NGOs, ministries, youth groups, celebrities, private sector)

30. Issue First Day Covers (stamps)

31. Join an environmental group

32. Join UNEP’s carbon neutral network

33. Join the Billion Tree Campaign

34. Keep your neighbourhood clean

35. Kick-start an environmental campaign

36. Kick the CO2 habit!

37. Know your rights

38. Launch of government environment policies, books, reports 39. Lobby local authorities to adopt sound environmental policies 40. March for the environment

41. Media coverage and activities

42. Never litter

43. Offset your emissions

44. Organic farming/cooking

45. Organize a WED themed event in your neighbourhood

46. Parades

47. Performances (plays, songs, poetry)

48. Plant a tree

49. Plastic bags: avoid them!

50. Promotional material (t-shirts, stickers, bookmarks) 51. Puppet shows for children with an environmental message 52. Quizzes related to the theme for schools, youth groups, company staff, etc…

53. Rainwater harvesting

54. Rallies

55. Ratify international environmental conventions

A Compilation of Quotations & Flora and Fauna Photographs 183

*No *

  • Theme *

56. Reduce, re-use, recycle

57. Rehabilitate natural habitats

58. Replace your light-bulbs with energy saving ones

59. Save paper

60. Seminars

61. Sort rubbish

62. Speeches

63. Sponsorship from private sector

64. Sports activities

65. Switch off stand-by TV and computer

66. Take action

67. T-shirts for WED

68. Use sustainable modes of transportation (walking, jogging, cycling, skating, carpool)

69. Vehicle emission monitoring

70. Vermicomposting

71. Visits to botanical gardens and national parks

72. Volunteer for organizations such as Clean Up the World 73. Waste less!

74. Workshops

75. Write plays, poems, songs

76. Write letters to civic leaders, members of parliament, government and newspapers

77. Xchange ideas

78. Xpect environmental responsibility

79. Youth-led activities

80. Zero emissions

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BiBLiOGrAPHY

A Vision of a Sustainable UN 2020, a publication by United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), 2012.

DigitalpublicationsofUnitedNationsEnvironmentProgramme (UNEP), www.unep.org (last accessed September 16, 2014).

Flora and Fauna of National Chemical Laboratory, Edited by M. V. Deshpande and V. Ghormade, published by NCL, Pune,

India, 2nd Edition, 2010.

Natural History Museum Online Database, London, http://

www.nhm.ac.uk/(lastaccessedJune10,2014).

SCBD2014, The International Day for Biological Diversity (IDB2014) booklet, Published by the Secretariat of the

Convention on Biological Diversity, 2014.

The flora of the presidency of Bombay by Theodore Cooke, Taylor and Francis, London, 1903-08.

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Year Book 2014: Emerging Issues in Our Global Environment, 2014.

United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Natural ResourcesConservationService,ThePLANTSDatabase,http://

plants.usda.gov/java/(lastaccessedSeptember1,2014).

http://www.cbd.int/(lastaccessedSeptember14,2014).

_]

Flora and Fauna of the AIMST University

To promote environmental awareness among the general public and politicians, June 5th of each year is marked as the ‘World Environment Day’ (WED) by the United Nations (UN) and it has been celebrated worldwide. Similarly, UN declared May 22 as the ‘International Day for Biological Diversity’ (IDB) to increase understanding and awareness of biodiversity issues. The main purpose of the book is to promote the awareness about the importance of conserving Biodiversity and the Environment. Book highlights valuable thoughts of distinguished scientists, thinkers and lawmakers. It is expected that this book will help to promote awareness about the importance of biodiversity and the environment among students, their friends, parents, family members, teachers, and online readers of this book. E-Book version of this book is made available free of charge, so that any student and nature lover can read this book. Readers of this book’s ‘e-book’ version are encouraged to distribute, forward, circulate and share link of this ‘e-book’ to promote awareness about the importance of biodiversity and the environment. Let us commit to conserve our biodiversity and environment to safeguard our future generations and human well-being. ISBN: 978-983-43522-3-3 (Print version) e-ISBN: 978-983-43522-4-0 (e-Book version)

  • Author: Dr. Subhash Bhore
  • Published: 2016-07-31 13:50:16
  • Words: 15150
Flora and Fauna of the AIMST University Flora and Fauna of the AIMST University