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Eucharist - Sacrament of Initiation

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Eucharist – Sacrament of Initiation

By Suzanne M Hurley

ISBN: 978-1-988128-07-8

Copyright © 2015, Suzanne M Hurley

All rights reserved.

No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any

form or by any means electronically or mechanical, including

photocopying, recording or by any information storage and

retrieval systems, without permission in a dated document, from

the author Suzanne M Hurley or her agents.

Produced in Canada through the assistance of

Canada Book Publishing

Cana[email protected]

http://cbp.comxa.com

3 Eucharist – Sacrament of Initiation
- Book 3 in the Aspects of Catholicism Series

ISBN: 978-1-988128-07-8

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Suzanne M Hurley

FICTIONAL GENRES

The Samantha Barclay Mystery Series of Novels:
External Links below on all titles to Suzanne Hurley’s Site

-1 Changeable Facades External Links

-2 Delusions

-3 Chances

-4 Shades Of Envy

-5 Who Did It?

WOMEN’S FICTION

-Never Ever

-Nice Girls Can Win

-Wings of the Past

YOUNG ADULT

-To the Stars
-The Teddy Bear Eye Club

NONFICTION

Aspects of Catholicism Series

-1 [_ Baptism -Sacrament of Initiation _]

-2 Confirmation – Sacrament of Initiation

-3 Eucharist – Sacrament of Initiation

-4 Take Me to Confession

-5 Take Me to Mass

-6-Prayers Of The Rosary

-7 Gifts and Prayers Inspired By Teens

Adult Coloring Books Series

-1.Relaxation With Coloring

-2 Calm by the Numbers

-3 Fish Coloring Book
- 4 Relaxing with Fractals
- 5 Relaxing with Spheres
- 6 Relaxing with Patterns

Visit Suzanne M Hurley at www.suzannemhurley.com, (External Link) for details on her books, ordering links and so much more.

Many of Ms Hurley’s books are available in a variety of print sizes and e-book formats for many devices.

Suzanne’s Blog is at http://suzannemhurley.blogspot.ca/ (External Link)

CONTENTS

Author

Appendix

Copyright

Cover

End

Extraordinary Ministers

Hierarchy of the Church’s Clerics

Liturgy of the Eucharist

Seven Sacraments

Title

SACRAMENTS OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH

Sacraments date back to the time of the public life of Jesus Christ. They were started or instituted by Christ during His public life on earth, as the Son of God. The thought likely, behind the entire set of sacraments, was to give help or Divine Grace to His Apostles, and to all who decided to follow His teachings.

Jesus gave His Apostles and to His Church, the seven sacraments and explained how they were to administered by the Apostles and their successors, to the faithful.

The Sacraments of Christian Initiation[
**]

1212 The sacraments of Christian initiation – Baptism, Confirmation, and the Eucharist – lay the foundations of every Christian life. “The sharing in the divine nature given to men through the grace of Christ bears a certain likeness to the origin, development, and nourishing of natural life. The faithful are born anew by Baptism, strengthened by the sacrament of Confirmation, and receive in the Eucharist the food of eternal life. By means of these sacraments of Christian initiation, they thus receive in increasing measure the treasures of the divine life and advance toward the perfection of charity.

BAPTISM

“Every person not yet baptized and only such a person is able to be baptized.”
Catechism of the Catholic Church (CCC) 1246

CCC 1271 Baptism constitutes the foundation of communion among all Christians, including those who are not yet in full communion with the Catholic Church: “For men who believe in Christ and have been properly baptized are put in some, though imperfect, communion with the Catholic Church. Justified by faith in Baptism, [they] are incorporated into Christ; they therefore have a right to be called Christians, and with good reason are accepted as brothers by the children of the Catholic Church.” “Baptism therefore constitutes the sacramental bond of unity existing among all who through it are reborn.”

CONFIRMATION

The Eastern Rite of the Church usually broadens the acceptance into the Church, by immediately following a baptism with the Sacrament of Confirmation. The role of the godparent(s) in the Baptismal rites is further reinforced as these baptismal godparents are also the sponsors for the Sacrament of Confirmation.

CCC 1285 …together constitutes the “sacraments of Christian initiation,” whose unity must be safeguarded. It must be explained to the faithful that the reception of the sacrament of Confirmation is necessary for the completion of baptismal grace. For “by the sacrament of Confirmation, [the baptized] are more perfectly bound to the Church and are enriched with a special strength of the Holy Spirit. Hence they are, as true witnesses of Christ, more strictly obliged to spread and defend the faith by word and deed.”

EUCHARIST

CCC 1322 the holy Eucharist completes Christian initiation. Those who have been raised to the dignity of the royal priesthood by Baptism and configured more deeply to Christ by Confirmation participate with the whole community in the Lord’s own sacrifice by means of the Eucharist.

PENANCE

CCC1461 Since Christ entrusted to his apostles the ministry of reconciliation,65 bishops who are their successors, and priests, the bishops’ collaborators, continue to exercise this ministry. Indeed bishops and priests, by virtue of the sacrament of Holy Orders, have the power to forgive all sins “in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.”

[
**]MATRIMONY

CCC1630 The priest (or deacon) who assists at the celebration of a marriage receives the consent of the spouses in the name of the Church and gives the blessing of the Church. The presence of the Church’s minister (and also of the witnesses) visibly expresses the fact that marriage is an ecclesiastical reality.

HOLY ORDERS

CCC THE THREE DEGREES OF THE SACRAMENT OF HOLY ORDERS

1554 “The divinely instituted ecclesiastical ministry is exercised in different degrees by those who even from ancient times have been called bishops, priests, and deacons.” Catholic doctrine, expressed in the liturgy, the Magisterium, and the constant practice of the Church, recognizes that there are two degrees of ministerial participation in the priesthood of Christ: the episcopacy and the presbyterate . The diaconate is intended to help and serve them. For this reason the term sacerdos in current usage denotes bishops and priests but not deacons. Yet Catholic doctrine teaches that the degrees of priestly participation (episcopate and presbyterate) and the degree of service (diaconate) are all three conferred by a sacramental act called “ordination,” that is, by the sacrament of Holy Orders:

ANOINTING OF THE SICK

CCC In case of grave illness . . .

The Anointing of the Sick “is not a sacrament for those only who are at the point of death. Hence, as soon as anyone of the faithful begins to be in danger of death from sickness or old age, the fitting time for him to receive this sacrament has certainly already arrived.“130

If a sick person who received this anointing recovers his health, he can in the case of another grave illness receive this sacrament again. If during the same illness the person’s condition becomes more serious, the sacrament may be repeated. It is fitting to receive the Anointing of the Sick just prior to a serious operation. The same holds for the elderly whose frailty becomes more pronounced.

. . . “let him call for the presbyters of the Church”

1516 Only priests (bishops and presbyters) are ministers of the Anointing of the Sick.131 It is the duty of pastors to instruct the faithful on the benefits of this sacrament. The faithful should encourage the sick to call for a priest to receive this sacrament. The sick should prepare themselves to receive it with good dispositions, assisted by their pastor and the whole ecclesial community, which is invited to surround the sick in a special way through their prayers and fraternal attention.

Who and when you can receive the other sacraments are not easily defined for both the Eastern and Latin Rites of the Catholic Church. These answers will be left for inclusion in separate publications for the individual sacraments.

The Sacrament of Penance and Reconciliation can be received multiple times, once a person is baptized in the Church, even for those having been baptized in other religions, and conditionally within the Catholic Church.

CCC1446 Christ instituted the sacrament of Penance for all sinful members of his Church: above all for those who, since Baptism, have fallen into grave sin, and have thus lost their baptismal grace and wounded ecclesial communion. It is to them that the sacrament of Penance offers a new possibility to convert and to recover the grace of justification. The Fathers of the Church present this sacrament as “the second plank [of salvation] after the shipwreck which is the loss of grace.

We arrive at a definition of the sacrament. (The) Sacraments were instituted by Christ, to be offered as an inward and visible sign of the administration of divine grace for the members of the Holy Church.

CCC 1210 Christ instituted the sacraments of the new law. There are seven: Baptism, Confirmation (or Chrismation), the Eucharist, Penance, the Anointing of the Sick, Holy Orders and Matrimony. The seven sacraments touch all the stages and all the important moments of Christian life: they give birth and increase, healing and mission to the Christian’s life of faith. There is thus a certain resemblance between the stages of natural life and the stages of the spiritual life.

Not all ministers or clergy within the Church are equally able to administer each of the sacraments.

A bishop or higher ranking minister is able to administer the Sacrament of Confirmation in Roman Rite; a priest is able to administer many of the remaining sacraments. Even the laity, when there is danger of death can convey the sacrament of Baptism with water and words. As might be the case for a mother, if discovering her dying, unbaptized child.

Most Catholics, over their lifetime, will not be able to avail themselves of all seven sacraments. Some sacraments will be received many times; others just once and some never at all.

Hierarchy of the Clerical positions within the Church

Pope: Head of the church, he is based at the Vatican. The pope is infallible in defining matters of faith and morals.

Cardinal: Appointed by the pope, nearing 200 cardinals worldwide; make up the College of Cardinals. As a body, it advises the pope and, on his death, elects a new pope.

Archbishop: An archbishop is a bishop of a main or metropolitan diocese, also called an archdiocese. A cardinal can concurrently hold the title.

Bishop: A bishop, like a priest, is ordained to this station. He is a teacher of church doctrine, a priest of sacred worship, and a minister of church government.

Priest: An ordained minister who can administer most of the sacraments, including the Eucharist, baptism, and marriage. He can be with a particular religious order or committed to serving a congregation within a parish setting or role.

Deacon: A transitional deacon is a seminarian studying for the priesthood. A permanent deacon can be married and assists a priest by performing some of the sacraments.

Laity The largest portion of the church and primarily those gained entrance through their baptism. Some layers exist within the laity for specialized duties e.g. altar servers, readers, Eucharistic ministers, etc

This publication will focus on the Sacrament of the Eucharist

CCC 1419 “Having passed from this world to the Father, Christ gives us in the Eucharist the pledge of glory with him. Participation in the Holy Sacrifice identifies us with his Heart, sustains our strength along the pilgrimage of this life, makes us long for eternal life, and unites us even now to the Church in heaven, the Blessed Virgin Mary, and all the saints.”

CCC 1322 The holy Eucharist completes Christian initiation. Those who have been raised to the dignity of the royal priesthood by Baptism and configured more deeply to Christ by Confirmation participate with the whole community in the Lord’s own sacrifice by means of the Eucharist.

1323 “At the Last Supper, on the night he was betrayed,

Our Savior instituted the Eucharistic sacrifice of his Body and Blood.

This he did in order to perpetuate the sacrifice of the cross throughout the ages until he should come again, and so to entrust to his beloved Spouse, the Church, a memorial of his death and resurrection: a sacrament of love, a sign of unity, a bond of charity, a Paschal banquet ‘in which Christ is consumed, the mind is filled with grace, and a pledge of future glory is given to us.”

The Consecration of the offerings of bread and wine into the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ is an integral part of the Mass [See Take Me to Mass – by Suzanne M Hurley] and indeed the gathering of the like –minded laity.

This transubstantiation of the offerings is often confusing to some Catholics and non-Catholics alike.

The Liturgy of the Eucharist begins with the preparation of the gifts and the altar. It is the focal point of Mass in the Catholic churches, chapels, homes and almost any location worldwide. The events of the last supper of Jesus Christ and His apostles is recreated as Catholics recall to mind Christ’s admonition to the apostles at the last supper and repeated in Mass – “do this in memory of Me.”..

Take this, all of you, and eat of it,

for this is my Body,

which will be given up for you.

Take this, all of you, and drink from it,

for this is the chalice of my Blood,

the Blood of the new and eternal covenant,

which will be poured out for you and for many

for the forgiveness of sins.

Do this in memory of me.

WHAT IS THIS SACRAMENT?

Eucharist? Holy Communion? Breaking of the Bread? Eating Christ’s Body?

The inexhaustible richness of this sacrament is expressed in the different names we give it.

Each name evokes certain aspects of it.

It is called: Eucharist, because it is an action of thanksgiving to God.

The Greek words eucharistein and eulogein recall the Jewish blessings that proclaim – especially during a meal – God’s works: creation, redemption, and sanctification. (CCC 1328)

The Lord’s Supper, because of its connection with the supper which the Lord took with his disciples on the eve of his Passion and because it anticipates the wedding feast of the Lamb in the heavenly Jerusalem.(CCC 1329)

The Breaking of Bread, because Jesus used this rite, part of a Jewish meat when as master of the table he blessed and distributed the bread, above all at the Last Supper. It is by this action that his disciples will recognize him after his Resurrection, and it is this expression that the first Christians will use to designate their Eucharistic assemblies; by doing so they signified that all who eat the one broken bread, Christ, enter into communion with him and form but one body in him.

The Eucharistic assembly , because the Eucharist is celebrated amid the assembly of the faithful, the visible expression of the Church.

The memorial of the Lord’s Passion and Resurrection.

The Holy Sacrifice, because it makes present the one sacrifice of Christ the Savior and includes the Church’s offering. The terms holy sacrifice of the Mass, “sacrifice of praise,” spiritual sacrifice, pure and holy sacrifice are also used, since it completes and surpasses all the sacrifices of the Old Covenant. (1330)

The Holy and Divine Liturgy, because the Church’s whole liturgy finds its center and most intense expression in the celebration of this sacrament; in the same sense we also call its celebration the Sacred Mysteries. We speak of the Most Blessed Sacrament because it is the Sacrament of sacraments. The Eucharistic species reserved in the tabernacle are designated by this same name.

Holy Communion, because by this sacrament we unite ourselves to Christ, who makes us sharers in his Body and Blood to form a single body. We also call it: the holy things (ta hagia; sancta)- the first meaning of the phrase “communion of saints” in the Apostles’ Creed – the bread of angels, bread from heaven, medicine of immortality, viaticum.(CCC 1331)

Holy Mass (Missa), because the liturgy in which the mystery of salvation is accomplished concludes with the sending forth (missio) of the faithful, so that they may fulfill God’s will in their daily lives. (CCC 1332)

Who can receive the Eucharist?

Those who receive Holy Communion should be prepared to receive this great gift.

They should fast (except for medicines) for at least one hour before receiving the Eucharist
and should not be conscious of having committed serious sin, since their last confession.

Sharing at the Eucharistic Table is a sign of unity in the Body of Christ. Only those in communion with the Catholic Church may receive Holy Communion.

At the very least this means they have received the first sacrament of initiation – that of Baptism.

(The Eucharist) is the culmination both of God’s action sanctifying the world in Christ and of the worship men offer to Christ and through him to the Father in the Holy Spirit.” (CCC 1325)

Those who do not receive Holy Communion still participate in this rite by praying for unity with Christ and with each other.

(CCC 1326) By the Eucharistic celebration we already unite ourselves with the heavenly liturgy and anticipate eternal life, when God will be all in all

Extraordinary Ministers of Holy Communion

When the size of the congregation or the incapacity of the bishop, Priest, or Deacon requires it, the celebrant may be assisted by other bishops, Priests, or Deacons. 

If such ordinary ministers of Holy Communion are not present, “the Priest may call upon extraordinary ministers to assist him, that is, duly instituted acolytes or even other faithful who have been duly deputed for this purpose. In case of necessity, the Priest may depute suitable faithful for this single occasion.”

 Extraordinary ministers of Holy Communion should receive sufficient spiritual, theological, and practical preparation to fulfill their role with knowledge and reverence. When recourse is had to Extraordinary Minister of Holy Communion, especially in the distribution of Holy Communion under both kinds, their number should not be increased beyond what is required for the orderly and reverent distribution of the Body and Blood of the Lord. In all matters such Extraordinary Ministers of Holy Communion should follow the guidance of the Diocesan Bishop. 

Receiving the Eucharistic

Holy Communion has been given to the laity in a variety of ways over the years. Initially it was actually bread and wine, as the elements. The unleavened bread evolved in thin wafers or hosts

Some churches today are able to offer gluten-free communion wafers for those with food intolerances.

The norm for most masses today, is to have the laity form lines behind those ministers distributing communion and to remain standing, while receiving the consecrated host.

The Minister then lifts the Eucharist and shows it to the communicant and says “The Body of Christ”.

The communicant bows and says “Amen”

.and may step to the side, while carefully placing the host in their mouth.

Care should be taken not to drop the host or any parts of it, for it is consecrated or holy.

Then with a slight bow, the communicant returns to their seat.

Communion under Both Species.

For special occasions, such as weddings, feast days or gatherings of clerics, the church permits the Eucharist to be distributed under both species, which is the consecrated wine and the host- the Body and Blood of Christ.

[
**]Receiving the Blood of Christ

When preparing to receive from the cup, make the same sign of reverence you made when you received the Body of Christ, and do not gulp – sip – as many may be behind you, wanting to receive’

The faithful are usually not permitted to take the consecrated Eucharist or the sacred chalice by themselves, if a large number are receiving Communion..

Communion for the Sick or Elderly

[
**]It may be possible in your church setting, for those not able to attend mass to receive communion from the parish priest or other ministers, or even for you to receive permission to do so.

Appendix

The following links are presented for those readers looking for added details surrounding the sacrament of Eucharist.

Jubilee of Mercy from December 08 2015 through to November 20, 2016

The motto, “Merciful Like the Father,” (Pope Francis) said, “serves as an invitation to follow the merciful example of the Father who asks us not to judge or condemn but to forgive and to give love and forgiveness without measure.” http://bit.ly/jubliee-of-mercy

The official prayer in English is at: http://bit.ly/prayer-jubilee

All priests will be able to forgive sin of abortion during Jubilee for Mercy

http://bit.ly/abortion-jubliee

Pope reforms Catholic Church’s marriage annulment process

http://bit.ly/annulment-process

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Suzanne M Hurley

FICTIONAL GENRES

The Samantha Barclay Mystery Series of Novels:
External Links below on all titles to Suzanne Hurley’s Site

-1 Changeable Facades External Links

-2 Delusions

-3 Chances

-4 Shades Of Envy

-5 Who Did It?

WOMEN’S FICTION

-Never Ever

-Nice Girls Can Win

-Wings of the Past

YOUNG ADULT

-To the Stars
-The Teddy Bear Eye Club

NONFICTION

Aspects of Catholicism Series

-1 [_ Baptism -Sacrament of Initiation _]

-2 Confirmation – Sacrament of Initiation

-3 Eucharist – Sacrament of Initiation

-4 Take Me to Confession

-5 Take Me to Mass

-6-Prayers Of The Rosary

-7 Gifts and Prayers Inspired By Teens

Adult Coloring Books Series

-1.Relaxation With Coloring

-2 Calm by the Numbers

-3 Fish Coloring Book
- 4 Relaxing with Fractals
- 5 Relaxing with Spheres
- 6 Relaxing with Patterns

Visit Suzanne M Hurley at www.suzannemhurley.com, (External Link) for details on her books, ordering links and so much more.

Many of Ms Hurley’s books are available in a variety of print sizes and e-book formats for many devices.

Suzanne’s Blog is at http://suzannemhurley.blogspot.ca/ (External Link)

The End

See Contents


Eucharist - Sacrament of Initiation

The Sacrament of Eucharist in light of Pope Francis' recently declared Year of Mercy Dec 2015- Nov 2016 are explored in terms of divorce and abortion. The Catholic Sacrament of Eucharist is an integral part of the church and concepts that are difficult for some to comprehend.The sacrament of unity the Eucharist and the church was initiated by Christ at the Last Supper and handed down to through the Apostles to become the focus of today's Mass. The blessed sacrament of the Eucharist is God's daily gift to reinforce communion among the laity. This handy e-format permits quick access to the prayers within a mass as consecrated elements of Eucharist or Holy Communion go through transubstantiation of the ordinary offertory gifts of unleavened bread and wine to Christ Body and Blood. Book 2 and Part of the Aspects of Catholicism series by Suzanne M Hurley.

  • ISBN: 9781988128078
  • Author: CBPub
  • Published: 2015-10-16 14:40:11
  • Words: 3620
Eucharist - Sacrament of Initiation Eucharist - Sacrament of Initiation