Dog Breeds: Top 20 Dog Breeds: Everything About Health, Temperament, Training an

[]Dog Breeds


[]Top 20 Dog Breeds


[] Dog Breeds


[]Top 20 Dog Breeds


[] © Copyright 2015 Puppies4all.com


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[] Our Breeds

Dog Breeds 1

Top 20 Dog Breeds 1

Dog Breeds 2

Top 20 Dog Breeds 2

© Copyright 2015 Puppies4all.com 2

Click & Follow us here: 4

Our Breeds 6

Introduction 17

American Staffordshire Terriers 20


History & Origin 21

Personality – Temperament 23

Care 26

Nutrition and Feeding 26

Coat and Grooming 27

Exercise 29

Health 32

Beagles 35


History & Origin 36

Personality – Temperament 38

Care 40

Nutrition and Feeding 40

Coat and Grooming 43

Exercise 45

Health 47

Boxer 50


History & Origin 51

Personality – Temperament 53

Care 57

Nutrition and Feeding 57

Coat and Grooming 59

Exercise 61

Health 63

Bulldog 65


History & Origin 66

Personality – Temperament 68

Care 71

Nutrition and Feeding 71

Coat and Grooming 73

Exercise 75

Health 77

Cardigan Welsh Corgi 79


History & Origin 80

Personality – Temperament 83

Care 85

Nutrition and Feeding 85

Coat and Grooming 87

Exercise 89

Health 91

Chihuahua 93


History & Origin 94

Personality – Temperament 96

Care 98

Nutrition and Feeding 98

Coat and Grooming 100

Exercise 102

Health 103

Dachshund 107


History & Origin 108

Personality – Temperament 110

Care 112

Nutrition and Feeding 112

Coat and Grooming 114

Exercise 117

Health 119

Dalmatian 121


History & Origin 122

Personality – Temperament 125

Care 127

Nutrition and Feeding 127

Coat and Grooming 129

Exercise 131

Health 132

Doberman Pinscher 135


History & Origin 136

Personality – Temperament 138

Care 140

Nutrition and Feeding 140

Coat and Grooming 142

Exercise 143

Health 145

French Bulldog 148


History & Origin 149

Personality – Temperament 152

Care 155

Nutrition and Feeding 155

Coat and Grooming 156

Exercise 158

Health 160

German Shepherd 163


History & Origin 164

Personality – Temperament 166

Care 168

Nutrition and Feeding 168

Coat and Grooming 170

Exercise 171

Health 174

Golden Retriever 178


History & Origin 179

Personality – Temperament 181

Care 183

Nutrition and Feeding 183

Coat and Grooming 184

Exercise 186

Health 187

Labrador Retriever 193


History & Origin 194

Personality – Temperament 197

Care 199

Nutrition and Feeding 199

Coat and Grooming 200

Exercise 202

Health 206

Maltese 210


History & Origin 211

Personality – Temperament 213

Care 215

Nutrition and Feeding 215

Coat and Grooming 216

Exercise 219

Health 221

Pembroke Welsh Corgi 224


History & Origin 225

Personality – Temperament 228

Care 230

Nutrition and Feeding 230

Coat and Grooming 231

Exercise 233

Health 235

Pomeranian 238


History & Origin 239

Personality – Temperament 242

Care 244

Nutrition and Feeding 245

Coat and Grooming 246

Exercise 249

Health 250

Pug 254


History & Origin 255

Personality – Temperament 257

Care 258

Nutrition and Feeding 258

Coat and Grooming 260

Exercise 262

Health 265

Rottweiler 267


History & Origin 268

Personality – Temperament 270

Care 272

Nutrition and Feeding 273

Coat and Grooming 275

Exercise 278

Health 280

Shih Tzu 282


History & Origin 283

Personality – Temperament 285

Care 287

Nutrition and Feeding 287

Coat and Grooming 288

Exercise 292

Health 293

Siberian Huskies 296


History & Origin 297

Personality – Temperament 300

Care 303

Nutrition and Feeding 303

Coat and Grooming 307

Exercise 308

Health 310

Click & Follow us here: 312


[] Introduction


Cuddly, cute, intelligent, lovable, endearing, protective…these are but a few of the terms of endearment you hear from dog owners the world over. Since time immemorial dogs have been designated with the term: ‘man’s best friend’.


Your new puppy is a part of your home, a friend, a companion, and a family member. He, or she, will form a bond with you and your family and be with you for a long time. As a family member, he will probably get up to all kinds of mischief and bring you hours of joy – and most probably, quite a few hours of frustration as well! Imagine coming home to finding your new slippers all chewed up or a trail of newly laundered clothes all down the passageway?


Yes, these things happen with a new puppy – all the time!


We have put together a book of the twenty most popular dog breeds. If you have one of these or are considering one, why don’t you have a look? It will tell you a whole lot more about your new puppy than you probably are aware of, e.g. how to care for him, his sleeping habits, and even what to feed him. Please feel free to download it. It is totally free, no strings attached!


If your puppy is not included in our free book, how about checking out his breed information on our site at http://puppies4all.com/. We regularly update new breed information.


Are you a puppy owner? Please write to us about any of his pranks or anything interesting about him and include a photo of you and your dog. We would love to hear from you and of course, your own special furball!


If you want to know more about us, or want to read more interesting puppy facts and stories, check us out at the following places:







We would like to know about your puppy stories. So come on over to the ‘puppy side’ and tell us more!


[] American Staffordshire Terriers




[] History & Origin


There are two schools of thought as to the origin of the American Staffordshire Terrier, or Am Staff, as it is also affectionately called. The first would have it that the breed originated in Britain by breeding Bulldogs with terriers, as breeders were looking for a dog that had the strength and tenacity of the bulldog, but the agility of terriers. Accordingly, the product of this interbreeding came to the U.S.A. via the U.K. and Ireland in the 1800s, and was a firm favorite especially amongst those that used it for pit fighting hence it being named Pit Bulls.


The other school of thought would have it that the breed originates from the Spanish Alanos, which were the original Bulldogs. Apparently the belief is that many of these dogs were imported to Britain and that when the Irish immigrants later came to the U.S.A., they brought some of these dogs with them.


It is believed that some breeders kept their lines pure while others interbreed the Alanos with English Terriers. What is interesting to note, is the resemblance between the Alanos and the American Staffordshire Terrier.


Whatever the case may be, however, the Staffordshire Terrier was first recognized as a breed by the AKC in 1936, on the provision that these dogs be called American Staffordshire Terriers, and not Pit Bulls. Since then, the only recognized Am Staff dogs are those whose parents were registered as such, and these dogs are not allowed to take part in any dog fighting.


Interestingly, the “Staffordshire” in American Staffordshire Terrier is coined from the area in the U.K. where these dogs are commonly believed to have first originated.


On an important note, although the American Pit Bull and the American Staffordshire Terrier of today have common ancestry, the American Pit Bull is not accredited by the AKC.


[] Personality – Temperament


Your American Staffordshire Terrier puppy, or Am Staff, as it is also known, was originally bred to fight, and as such, this needs to always be kept in mind. They are extremely muscular and active.


Although they are great with children, one should always keep an eye on them while playing, but this is the case with any dog. They are also great with other pets, if raised with them, but if out and about, they should ideally be kept on a leash, as you never know what your puppy can get up to when confronted with a situation, such as a stranger or another dog that it perceives as a threat to either its owner, or itself. They have been known to attack when confronted with a situation where they see what could be a possible threat. With this kind of dog, always be on the safe side.


This is a breed that, despite its initial purpose, is gentle, tolerant and playful in nature, and loves being part of, and receiving love from, its family. It loves nothing more than to play with family members, although its size gives no real indication of its inherent strength, so when playing with younger family members, it could inadvertently knock someone over, but it would be an accident. They also need a good sized yard in order to run off excess energy, and a walk or jog with its humans.


Because they form such a strong bond with their families and are very protective of their loved ones, they make, besides a great family pet, excellent guard dogs as well.


Although highly intelligent, they are strong-willed, and once they make up their minds not to do something, they most certainly wont. To this end, they love games, and the easiest way to train your Am Staff puppy is through play activities.


A bored Am Staff puppy can get up to all kinds of mischief, and chew on things you would much rather he left alone. To keep your puppy entertained, he needs positive attention, adequate exercise, and a lot of chewable puppy toys.


Although breeders have, as their aim, to breed these dogs in such a way that their fighting instincts are lessened, some unscrupulous breeders do not take care with this, and as such, before purchasing your puppy, make sure you have done your homework on both the breeder and your new puppys lineage.


[] Care


Your new American Staffordshire Terrier is an extremely easy dog to take care of and has absolutely zero special requirements.


[] Nutrition and Feeding


These dogs need a well-balanced diet that fits their nutritional needs, should typically be home-made, and fulfill all their dietary requirements. To this end, it should include protein (e.g. beef, poultry or fish) as well as grains and vegetables, such as corn, soy, and brown rice.


As a puppy, your new addition to the family may need to be fed four to five times a day, and adding eggs to its diet as well as milk are recommended. Milk should, however, no longer form a part of his diet by the time he is approximately four months old. This is because most dogs become lactose-intolerant at that age. As for meat, any will do, although pork and sheep are not advised, while you can give it as many vegetables as it likes, such as carrot, pumpkin or marrow. Fruit, if he will eat it, is also fine.


By the time your dog is fully grown, however, two meals a day, following a balanced diet, is more than sufficient for its needs. Remember, though, the quantity a fully-grown dog needs depends on its size, and level of activity.


If you decide to go with commercial dog food, do pick a brand that is of excellent quality, and not the more commercial brands, as these are high in fillers and do not meet your dogs dietary needs, whether it is a puppy or full-grown.


Never give your puppy or fully grown dog chocolate, fresh garlic or onion, or sugar. They are harmful to dogs of any age.


[]Coat and Grooming


Quite a long-lived breed (a well-looked after dog can live up to approximately 9 – 15 years), the male is between 46cm-48cm in height and weighs in at between 28-40kg. The female is slightly smaller, and stands at between 43cm-46cm, while it weighs approximately the same as the male, depending on its size.


They have an athletic build while being relatively short and stocky, with a strong, powerful head. These dogs pack a punch for their size!


Their coat is short and flat and has a tendency to shed throughout the year. They do not have a double coat with a shorter, fluffier undercoat.


They can be bathed about once every four to six weeks, using a good quality, hydrating shampoo which will help combat flaky patches on its skin as well as dandruff (yes, dogs can get this condition too; it is not limited only to humans).


Wiping out their eye area with wet cotton swabs will clear out the area around the eye where many dogs tend to get a stain due to tearing. Cleaning out their ears in this way as well will not only keep them clean but alert you to any possible ear infections – if there is a smelly discharge, go see your vet immediately.


As for their toenails, this is a very active breed and the nails tend to be filed down naturally. However, they always need to be checked and clipped, if needed, so that your puppy does not end up with possible infections.


Due to its habit of constantly shedding, regular brushing with a bristle brush is advised. It should keep the problem down to a minimum while keeping your puppys coat shiny as well.


Your Staffordshire puppy comes in all shades, e.g. black, white, tan, and brindle or combinations thereof. All are perfectly acceptable.




Your new puppys training begins the moment you bring it home! These are highly intelligent, strong-willed dogs, and if you do not start teaching your puppy its place in your home immediately, he will try training you!


The first thing your American Staffordshire Terrier needs to learn is that you are in charge. To this end, you, as the owner, need to establish yourself as the alpha of his new pack.


Defining yourself as the alpha dog is extremely important, and can be accomplished in a few ways, such as, for example, always entering your home first, eating before you feed it, and clearly marking your and its sleeping area (never let them sleep on your bed). By doing this, and being consistent about it, your new puppy soon starts learning that there are rules that need to be followed and that you are the one that sets them.


Something to keep in mind is to never shout at your dog! A firm tone of voice needs to be kept when instructing or training him, as a loud voice will only serve to excite your dog, and he takes it to mean you are actually spurring him on with regards to any bad behavior it may be showing.


Also, do not reward him with treats while training. Rather, when calling him, rewards him with a hug or a pat. You may not always have treats around when you want or need it to behave in a certain manner.


Socialization should also be started right from the outset. This is a breed that does not naturally get along with other animals, and proper social training teaches it that attacking another animal is not acceptable. The same goes for strangers. Your new puppy will quickly become very territorial and bond with its new family, wishing to protect it. If it sees someone as a threat, it may attack. It needs to be socialized so that it will not do so indiscriminately. Regular walks (with your puppy on a leash) where it is exposed to strange dogs and people are therefore a must.


Of course, one of the main issues any new puppy owner faces is housebreaking your dog. To this end, regular feeding times are invaluable, as a puppy typically needs to defecate approximately 15 minutes after a meal. If you have this down, taking it outside at that time soon teaches it the appropriate place to relieve itself, and saves you a lot of time cleaning up after it. As it grows older, it will even start letting you know when it needs to go out, which is the exact behavior you wish to cultivate.


Your puppy can start with formal puppy training when it is about 16 weeks old, i.e. after it has received its last puppy shots.


Never, under any circumstances, tie your dog up, or allow adults or children to tease it. This could lead to your cute puppy learning to attack people, which is something you most definitely, as a conscientious dog owner, do not want!




Taken holistically, this is a healthy breed and is not prone to many health issues. Those that do sometimes occur, however, are elbow dysplasia (it is. therefore, necessary to make sure you buy your new puppy from a reputable breeder and that you know the history of its parents) as well as hip dysplasia, although this very seldom occurs with this particular breed.


Other ailments include possible heart disease and renal atrophy. Renal atrophy is a kidney ailment that is quite prevalent in certain breeds, but once more, not so common in American Staffordshire Terriers. Once more, to be on the safe side, make sure you know the history of your new puppy before purchasing.


They may, at times, get certain skin conditions or allergies, but these can usually be easily treated by your local veterinarian, and are usually not life-threatening.


The American Staffordshire Terrier, or Am Staff as it is also affectionately known by owners and breeders, is a kind, considerate, playful and loving dog with a will of its own. It needs a home where it gets the stimulation and guidance it needs to be a happy dog, and will protect its family with its life if the need had to arise.


They have had a bad rap over the years due to indiscriminate breeding and people using them in dog fights. This does not detract from their inherent lovable, affable nature, however.


Under no circumstances is it ever advised to tease these dogs, as their protective instincts could arise and the consequences would be disastrous. They are also not advised as a first-time pet, despite their smaller size, as they are exceptionally strong physically, as well as strong-willed, and need a firm hand with the proper discipline when training, and a home that understands their needs.


[][] Beagles




[] History & Origin


The history of this breed of hound has its roots in ancient times, with the first mention of its ancestor going as far back as the 5th century.


The term Beagle was first coined during medieval times. These dogs were tiny and were often referred to as pocket dogs or pocket Beagles because their owners could actually carry them around in their pockets when out hunting. This small variation of the Beagle is now extinct, the last mention of them being made around 1900.


The 1700s saw the Beagle as we know it today come into its own. Three breeds of hounds were interbred. These were the Southern Hound, The North Country Beagle, and the Foxhound. The product, which is the forerunner of todays Beagle, was primarily bred for hunting smaller prey, such as rabbits, for example.


The 1840s saw the development of four Beagle varieties, namely the terrier Beagle which had a rough coat, the dwarf Beagle, medium Beagle, and the fox Beagle. Disaster was imminent, however, by the latter half of the 1800s when the breed once more almost became extinct. It was due to the efforts of Beagle lovers that this breed was saved when, in 1890, the Beagle Club was founded, followed by The Association of Masters of Harriers and Beagles the following year.


The first Beagles saw American shores in around 1870 and subsequently recognized by the AKC in 1884.


Although first bred as a hunting dog, the Beagle is sought after as a family pet, making a wonderful addition to any family. The breed has a worldwide following and is to be found in just about every country.


From its humble origins as a rabbit hunter, the breed has, today, come into its own.


[] Personality – Temperament


Your Beagle puppy has a feisty temperament and needs constant firm obedience training. Although it has a loving nature, is pretty to look at, is friendly with other people and great with other pets, these dogs were initially bred to be hunting dogs, and as such, have an inbred love of exploring and wondering around.


Many people think that, because of its relatively small size, they can be kept in apartments. This, unfortunately, would be a huge mistake. A happy Beagle is one that goes for long walks and has enough space to run around and play in. They also need human companionship, especially if they are the only dog, and if left alone, will soon get into all types of mischief, ranging from digging up the garden to throwing over and sniffing in the trash can.


Also, keep in mind that, as hunting dogs, they have an excellent sense of smell and will often go wherever their nose might lead them. It is therefore always a good idea to keep it leashed when outside the property – he may not come when you call it if it is off following the newest interesting smell its nose has found.


It is exactly because of their excellent sense of smell, that this breed is used as sniffer dogs at airports, for example, where they are used to identify contraband that might enter the country.


This is a puppy that likes to chew, and having a lot of chewy toys to occupy it is always a good idea. After all, you do not want it chewing up your lounge carpet or favorite lounge chair.


This is a breed that has a tendency to become obese; therefore, an adequate diet and sufficient exercise are two major priorities.


[] Care


Although your Beagle puppy may be cute and cuddly, they are not an easy breed to raise, and need special, consistent, firm training, as well as have adequate exercise and play time, to become a lovable part of the family.


Because of its exercise requirements, a large enough back yard is ideal. It should be sturdily fenced, however, as your new puppy is quite capable of digging a hole under it, because of its love of wandering around and seeking out new adventures. In the advent that it does escape, it is usually best for this breed to be microchipped so that it can be returned to its owner when found.


If you are not ready for the input with regards to your dog, then a Beagle is probably not the pet for you.


[] Nutrition and Feeding


Beagles, especially as puppies, need to be fed correctly so that they grow properly and have a good bone and ligament structure. Their needs change as they grow up, and their diet needs to be adjusted accordingly. As these dogs have a tendency to become overweight if their nutritional needs are not met, their diet is extremely important. Obesity, in a Beagle, can lead to complications such as diabetes, heart conditions, and other illnesses related to being overweight.


By the time you bring your Beagle puppy home, i.e. at around eight weeks, they should be on a solid diet. It is recommended that you initially stick with the diet that it has been on at the breeders, as immediate changes can cause your puppy to get ill.


When deciding to change its diet, never do so all at once. Rather, start mixing the new food with the old, and increasing it steadily until your pup is used to its new diet.


Most Beagle puppies do well on three scheduled meals per day, which should be down to about two meals per day by the time your puppy is an adult, which is approximately a year. Never leave food for your beagle to eat as and when it pleases, even as an adult. The reason is that they are extremely greedy and will eat until there is nothing left in the dish! This can result in serious health risks in your puppy.


If you decide to feed your new puppy commercial dog food, opt for one that is suitable and which will probably cost more than the cheaper, more popular brands. This is because the fillers in the cheaper brands are not healthy, and contain no nutritional value whatsoever.


Your puppy needs meat, and more often than not, these brands do not, having cheap protein substitutes instead. They also tend to cause your dog to have gas and a Beagle hound that has a gas problem can be quite a smelly creature to have around.


The best diet for you Beagle, or any other dog for that matter, is a home-made one that includes protein (in the form of chicken, red meat or fish), vegetables (carrots and squash are great), and fruit if your dog will eat it. Please never allow your puppy to eat raw onion, raw garlic or chocolate – they are not good for dogs and can make it ill.


These dogs, because they are so active, can easily become dehydrated, so a constant supply of fresh water is necessary at all times.


[]Coat and Grooming


A small, compact breed, the AKC recognizes two standards for Beagles. The first does not exceed 13 inches in height while the other does not exceed 15 inches. Their weight ranges between 18 pounds and 30 pounds.


Although Beagles have a double coat, it is not very effective against colder weather. To this end, they are often seen wearing a doggy coat during the colder months.


Generally speaking, though, their coat is short and compact, and they are prone to shedding. Regular brushing is thus recommended if you do not want your whole house filled with your puppys hair. A soft, bristle brush, is recommended for this. The outer coat serves as protection against rain, keeping the softer, inner coat dry during wet conditions.


As this breed tends to quickly acquire a doggy smell, they need to be bathed more than other dogs. Let your nose lead you! Typically a good quality shampoo is advised, preferably with tea tree oil to combat any possible skin allergies.


Their coat is a tricolor. This means a black saddle, with a white breast and legs, and a white-tipped tail. The rest is of the body is tan, and it is quite recognizable by its brown, droopy ears.


Another color sometimes seen is a red/white combination.


Whatever your Beagles color combination, however, they all have a characteristic white tip to their tales. This is said to have been deliberate with regards to their breeding, as it enabled hunters to identify their dogs when it was in the grass or amongst bushes.




These are high energy dogs that have a lot of energy that needs to be used up! If not, they tend to get up to all kinds of mischief and can also become extremely destructive.


If you have a yard, let it run free a few times a day, and take some time to play with it. A good exercise is playing chase or letting it retrieve a thrown ball. They need to run a lot. Remember, they were bred as hunting dogs and, therefore, used to a lot of cross-country running when chasing smaller game animals.


Another way to ensure your adult dog gets enough exercise is by allowing it to go with you while jogging. Not only does this allow your pet to get the exercise it needs, but it also allows it to indulge in its love of wandering around.


Because of their inherent stubborn nature, your puppys training needs to start as soon as possible. By doing so, you ensure that acceptable patterns of behavior are learned right from the outset.


Training should be repetitive and consistent, and although giving it treats to encourage it at first is fine, at first, it should not be the norm, as they adore eating. Your puppy should be rewarded with hugs and affection.


Housetraining is another factor that needs to be looked at right from the outset. Feeding your new puppy at set times during the day is wonderful for this, as a puppy typically needs to defecate approximately 15 minutes after a meal. By taking it outside to its designated spot, it will soon learn where it needs to go when it needs the toilet.


Taking your puppy to puppy classes and for adult training when it gets older is an ideal option for this pet.


Your Beagle puppy will sleep a lot, and although it may sleep less as it grows older, it is not uncommon for the breed to sleep up to 16 hours a day. These are high energy dogs that expend a lot of energy during their activities. In order to recoup and restore, their sleeping habits are such that it gives the dog the necessary time in which to do so.




Generally speaking, Beagles are a healthy breed and your puppy will seldom have health problems. As with all breeds, however, they are susceptible to certain health issues.


Some dogs in this breed have hip dysplasia. Although it is a condition that can usually be remedied surgically, it is advisable that you buy your puppy from a reputable breeder and have all relevant information with regards to its parents history.


Some dogs in this breed also get epilepsy and allergies, both of which can be medically treated.


There are also reported instances of hyperthyroidism (usually easily identified after noticing an increased appetite and thirst, weight loss, vomiting and excessive urination).


Lastly, they are known to develop cherry eyes. Cherry eyes are when the gland in their third eyelid gets enlarged and usually develops in puppies under a year old. When this happens, it is advisable to seek medical treatment from your veterinarian. It can usually be treated by means of medication, but sometimes a small surgical procedure is necessary.


If you want a selfless little dog that is lovable, affable, affectionate, great with children and a wonderful team player, the Beagle is for you. It is excitable and loves attention, will keep on playing as long as it gets attention, is highly intelligent and quick to learn, and extremely easy to look after, as they do not need any special attention – except that it needs constant attention!


They are small but need enough space to run around in. A backyard is ideal, but even then, it needs stimulation, which you as its owner should give.


A great little guard-dog that bonds with its human pack mates, a well-brought-up and trained Beagle makes the ideal pet.


[] Boxer




[] History & Origin


The boxer is a breed that can trace its origins back to antiquity. Its ancestor, the Molosion, is mentioned in old Syrian texts, and is believed to be the forerunner of the German Bullenbeisser. These dogs were primarily sporting dogs that were bred to give chase to and keep at bay wild game, such as bison, boar and bears. They were, by all accounts, very large dogs.


It was in the 18th century, when an English bulldog was imported to Germany that resembled a mastiff, and its descendants being interbred with the Bullenbeisser, that the [+ European Boxer+] was born.


Steps were taken in Munich in order to establish and refine the breed. The first breeding standard was adopted in 1902.


These dogs played a significant part in the two World Wars as they were trained to carry supplies and ammunition as well as messages during this time. It is believed that they owe their presence in the USA due to soldiers bringing them home with them. Ultimately, they were first registered with the AKC (American Kennel Club) in 1904. Since then, the Boxer has become one of the most popular and sought after breeds in the country.


Boxers were also used for policing, due to their extreme intelligence, and are the cousins of all breeds of the bulldog variety as they share a common ancestry.


The origin of the breeds name, i.e. Boxer, is uncertain, but common belief holds that it is due to the characteristic movement it makes with its front paws while playing. Another possibility is that it is a play on the German beisser which means biter, and that it sound similar to the English word box, hence Boxer.


Whatever the origin of the breeds name, it is a strong, agile working dog with a heart of gold that makes an excellent family pet and protector.


[] Personality – Temperament


Your Boxer puppys personality can best be described in word: unique. If you have ever been in the position where you had contact with one, you would know exactly what is meant by this. Yes, they could be described as intelligent, exceptional protectors, affectionate, and so on, but one thing most Boxer pups have in common is their incredibly quirky nature.


This is an incredibly intelligent, playful and energetic breed that thrives on human company. Their loyalty to their family is beyond compare, and they will guard their family and home till their last breath.


Your Boxer puppy does not bark unnecessarily, ever, and when he does, he probably has a good reason to do so. So if your dog suddenly starts barking, go check, and do not shout at him. Doing so may give him the impression he is not allowed to warn you when he believes danger is at hand! Although they do not bark often, however, they love to talk so prepare yourself for conversations with your dog.


Their extremely good nature makes them a firm favorite with families, as they are stoic with regards to being prodded and poked by children, while taking well to strangers and are always ready to play. Dont be surprised if your puppy, as it grows, gets into all kinds of mischief, as they can easily learn how to open cupboards and doors and get up to all kinds of trouble.


As puppies, besides getting into trouble, they also see just about any- and everything as a toy, so make sure not to leave you newest pair of shoes around (although soft furnishings could suffer too). They therefore have to have a good supply of chewy toys to mouth at all times, and need to be firmly taught what behavior is, and is not, acceptable.


They are a rambunctious breed, loving nothing more than chasing, wrestling, wiggling, dancing and entertaining, and thrive on the attention of their family, whether they just watch their antics, play with them, or laugh at them. They love to entertain. This behavior is not reserved only for when they are a puppy, it lasts their whole lives.


Your Boxer puppy considers itself as a family member, and as such, is great at problem solving (consider their perchance for opening doors). To this end, their intelligence allows them to figure out how to get up to all kinds of mischief, and appropriate action is necessary to both limit and redirect any behavior considered undesirable. To this end, proper training is always advised!


Their inherent intelligence also makes them a strong-willed breed, and once they have set their minds on something, they tend to follow through. Being large, strong dogs, this willfulness could lead to its own negative complications, so puppy training needs to start at a relatively young age.


Because this breed has been known to attack other animals, puppies need to be socialized right from the start. In so doing, they learn to get along with other animals. This is especially important if you have other family pets. If, however, the proper socializing occurs, they tend to see other family pets as part of the family and there are no problems.


If you are not someone who is prepared to invest time with your dog, a Boxer puppy is not advised for you. They need the company of people, adore children, and love nothing more than to be goofy with and for their family. Their incredible protective instinct makes them an excellent family guard dog as an added bonus. Also keep in mind that Boxers tend to snore – quite loudly!


[] Care


A Boxer puppy, for all its extravagant behavior, is a sensitive creature, and needs special care with regards to this, especially when young.


To this end, when your puppy is first brought home, do not let too many people handle it immediately, and make sure the environment is calm. Training is advised almost from the outset, i.e. as young as eight weeks, but this is more in line with house training and socialization; in other words, the basics. More intense training can follow when it is a little older


[] Nutrition and Feeding


Food should be introduced gradually, from about 5 weeks, so that your puppy can get used to his new nutrition. Remember, up until then, he only had mothers milk. If you opt for commercial dog food, it needs to be wet.


The best food, for your Boxer whether it is a puppy or fully grown, is home-made. This does not mean the food you and your family eats!


Typically, a Boxer puppy needs a meal that is high in protein. Dogs are carnivores and need a lot of protein in their diet. Excellent for puppies is a diet consisting of soft-cooked meat, e.g. chicken breasts, with vegetables and carbohydrates, such as pasta. It should, at first, be well-blended, becoming chunkier as your puppy gets older.


Great vegetables for adding to your dogs diet include: string beans, carrots, potatoes, cauliflower, sweet potatoes and broccoli. Fruits that they do well with include banana, watermelon, berries, and pears. Take note, however, that there are certain things that should never be added to your puppys diet, no matter what breed it is. These are, for example, onions, garlic and chocolate, all of which are toxic to dogs of any breed.


If you decide to feed your puppy or adult Boxer commercial dog food, remember, just because a dog food brand is popular, it doesnt necessarily mean its a great choice for your dog.


These dogs are extremely high-energy individuals, and as such, need a quality brand that is high in protein, vitamins and minerals, to ensure good health, growth, and to supply all the dogs energy requirements. It is thus important that you, as the owner, make sure to do your homework on this.


These dogs are prone to over-heating, and measures must be considered to take this into consideration, while a clean supply of water should always be available..


[]Coat and Grooming


fully grown Boxer can be as large as 1 foot, 9 inches to 2 feet, 1 inch when measured at the shoulder, and weigh in between 60 to 70 pounds.


The coat, of a Boxer puppy, only has three colors, white, fawn or brindle, although it is very common for them to have patches, e.g. brindle with a white patch.


They are extremely easy to care for, as their coats are short and straight. They do, however, have light shedding which occurs throughout the year.


Because a Boxer puppy could develop some type of skin irritation, it is advisable that only good quality dog shampoo and conditioner is used. Because their snouts are pushed in, facial wrinkles need to be cleaned and dried thoroughly, as they are a breeding ground for bacteria. The ears also need a little special attention.


The eyes need to be cleaned gently, using special dog eye wipes if a discharge is noticed. Your puppys nails also need special attention, but if you are scared of clipping and filing them yourself, it is best that a professional takes care of this.


The sensitive paw area should be remembered, and attention should be paid to the areas between the individual paw pads, and an effort made to make sure they are thoroughly cleaned, as it is quite possible that your puppy could have hurt himself while playing and infections can occur.




Boxers have distinct behavior patterns and if these are acknowledged, taken into account and dealt with in the right way, a Boxer can quickly become a stubborn, destructive and hostile pet.


A Boxer puppys training begins the moment he comes home with you. Training should always be gentle, consistent and firm, as it allows him to find his place in his new human family.


A common misconception is that you need to give your puppy treats when training. Although there is nothing wrong with giving a dog treats, the problem could arise, especially with a Boxer, which is a headstrong breed that they will only obey when hungry. Rather lavish it with praise and affection.


The most immediate need with regards to training your puppy is socialization with household members, including other pets. This is followed by training your pup that doing its business inside is not on! They also need to be taught respect: respect for you as the leader, and respect for all other members of your home. He needs to know his place. This makes for a secure dog. They key here is firmness and consistency.


[+ ][+Crate training] is recommended by many as an extremely effective way of housebreaking a dog. Besides assisting with this, a dog soon learns that his crate is his private, safe area, and will soon go to it to take a nap when required.


These are high-energy dogs that expend an enormous amount of energy, and as such, while still a puppy, need a safe-haven they can retreat to.


Walking your dog is excellent for socialization purposes, while it also allows it to use any pent-up energy. A house with a large yard is ideal, but regular walks and runs in the park work too.


While still a puppy, it is not uncommon for your newpuppy to sleep one to two hours a few times a day – remember, it is a baby. As they grow older, however, just as in humans, they sleep less, and mostly at night, although it is not uncommon to have your adult dog lay down somewhere quiet and shady and catch forty winks during the day.




A dog with a good diet that is cared for correctly does not need to visit the veterinarian too often. However, as happens with all dog breeds, they too are more prone to certain health problems.


Probably the most common problem that affects Boxers is brachycephalic syndrome, something which affects most breeds with scrunched up faces. It is a breathing problem due to the shortness of the snout.


Their relatively large size means that some of these dogs could also have hip dysplasia. This can often be corrected by means of surgery, but it is advised that you check up on your breeder, and investigate your dogs ancestry for signs of this condition.


Many Boxers are prone to heart conditions and different types of cancer. Regular checkups are thus advised. While you are at the vet, also let him have a look at your dogs eyes, as this breed is prone to different eye diseases.


Boxers tend to have a sensitive gut, for which a balanced diet rich in protein, vitamins and minerals is recommended.


A healthy, lively, robust individual with a sparkling personality, a heart of gold and a stubborn streak, a Boxer puppy makes the ideal household pet. Thriving on the attention it gets from its family, a Boxer is the family clown, friend, playmate, companion and family protector.


[] Bulldog




[] History & Origin


The forerunners of todays bulldog were strong, large dogs that were used to guard estates, as watchdogs, as haulers where they had to drag goods long distances, and also as war dogs. As war dogs, they would go into battle with their owners, garbed in battle gear and sporting various types of protective armament.


Because of their loyalty and intelligence, they were also used as hunting dogs and to drive cattle to market.


As time went on, certain characteristics were specifically incorporated into the breed, such as the undershot jaw which has such power it can hold onto its prey without getting thrown off, or the nose that is dented in so that it can breathe while the dog is latched onto an animals hide. Even the folds around the head and neck and the dogs particular build were inbred for a function, and later, the function was bull and bear baiting!


After blood sport was banned in 1835, the bulldog, as a breed, became endangered, and it is due to a number of breeders that, in an effort to preserve them and started tailoring their look and temperament, that the modern English Bulldog of today was born.


The first bulldog was recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1886.


From its origins as a war dog, cattle dog, hunter, and hauler, the bulldog has come a long way, and is, these days, a lovable family pet that loves nothing more than being adored by its willing owners.


[] Personality – Temperament


The bulldog of today can be summed of in two simple words: excellent companion. With this respect, his owner and family are his life, as he adores people and being adored by them. Your bulldog puppy interacts equally well with the elderly and children, and will happily romp around with the younger members of the family and play the role of the clown while it is equally at home sitting quietly next to an elderly person while being petted and offering affection in a non-threatening way.


They are exceptionally stubborn as a breed, however, and might prefer to laze on the couch instead of coming when called. This tendency should not be seen as laziness, but rather its intelligence at work as it thinks about and weighs up its options: “Is my human calling me to eat, because he wants me to bath, or because he wants to pet me? If either of these options, are they more important than my snooze? Let me ponder on this before deciding what to do.” They tend to prioritize and act accordingly.


Although your bulldog may not be the best guard dog around, as it will welcome strangers with open paws, they are, however, extremely protective of their humans, especially children, and will not hesitate to lay down their lives to ensure their safety. It is not uncommon for a bulldog owner to tell of how their dog growled at them when it thought a parent was being harsh with their child.


Bulldogs are also extremely sensitive creatures, and will pick up on their owners moods. If you are happy, expect to see your dog in a more rambunctious mood, and if you are sad or depressed, expect to see him mirror that too.


Contrary to popular belief, bulldogs are not lazy, although their habit of flopping down may bring one under the impression that they are. Even with their eyes closed, they are very much aware of everything that is happening around it. So do not let that snoring fool you unnecessarily. Even though he may not respond to you, he is very much aware of your presence.


If you want a dog that is excellent with people, children in particular, and a wonderful companion to have around, then the bulldog is the dog for you! If, however, on the other hand, you want a full-time guard dog, you would do better getting another breed, as todays bulldogs have the tendency to welcome anyone into their home.


[] Care


Your bulldog puppy needs a little [+ special care+] that some may see as particular to the breed. Also, a new puppy that is brought home may be a little confused at first and miss its mother and litter mates, so it may need a little babying until its routine is set.


This breed tends to like their own den, so if it has its own special place set aside it will give him a place it can retreat to whenever it wants while making sure it has enough chewy toys and a warm blanket to snuggle into.


Their flat faces also pose its own set of problems with regards to eating, and flattish dishes are preferred so that it does not need to shove its face into its food while doing so.


[] Nutrition and Feeding


As with all puppies, your bulldog, at first, may not each much at a time, although it needs to be fed frequently. Up until about four months, your new baby should be fed four times a day, tapering down, after that to three times daily up to the time it is approximately six months of age. After this, and for the rest of its life, twice daily is recommended.


Bulldogs, generally speaking, do quite well on commercial dog food, although a good brand is recommended that sees to its dietary requirements. To this end, however, dried food tends to make a dog thirsty, so a constant supply of fresh water is always a must.


Keep in mind that this dog breed is prone to flatulence, and what it eats comes into play here. Thus, to avoid a smelly home, good quality dog food once more comes into play because the more popular, cheaper brands tend to have fillers which are aimed at filling your puppys belly without attending to its nutritional needs and yes, indeed, causes this smelly problem.


In order to see to its coat and bone-growth, it is recommended that one adds a teaspoon of oil to its food twice daily, as well as some cottage cheese or yogurt. Apparently, bulldog puppies adore cottage cheese!


As with all dogs, adding a variety of vegetables and even fruit, if your dog will eat it, will take care of its dietary needs. These could be, for example, carrots, rice, sweet potatoes, etc. Just never give your bulldog or any other dog, for that matter, raw onion or garlic as it can make your dog ill while chocolate is poisonous to dogs.


Your new puppy has a flat face and, therefore, needs to be fed from a flat dish so that its face does not get covered in food and its breathing is not hampered.


[]Coat and Grooming


With regards to size, a fully-grown male stands at about 12inches – 15 inches and weighs in at 50 pounds, while a female stands at about 12 inches – 15 inches and weighs in at about 40 pounds.


The large head has an undershot bite which allows it to hang onto anything that it has its teeth in while the dog has a low center of gravity due to its wide shoulders and short, thick, heavy build.


Your new puppys coat is short, shiny, and soft while its face, neck, and shoulders are a study in wrinkles! They were specifically bred that way as the wrinkles see to it that any animal that bites your dog in this area cannot do too much damage. Besides the practical implication, however, who cannot love that wrinkly, slobbering, adorable face?


They are what could be termed average shedders, so this is not a breed that is going to fill your home with dog hair all over the show! With regards to this, it can be seen as a huge plus point in favor of the breed, and brushing your new puppy once a week with a stiff bristle brush will take care of any shedding while at the same time keeping its coat in good condition.


Bulldogs do tend to become smelly, and a regular bath using a conditioning, anti-allergic dog shampoo (perhaps with aloe vera) is to be recommended. Due to its wrinkles, most bulldog owners clean and dry these areas daily, and some recommend using baby wipes for this purpose.


Although they have small ears, it is a good idea to clean them with a damp cotton wool ball when grooming. If there is any smelly discharge, which could typically be a sign of ear infection, a trip to the veterinarian is in order.


Tear stains can be prevented by a daily wipe with a damp washcloth.


As your puppy grows into the consummate couch potato, their nails need to be trimmed regularly. The earlier it gets used to this, the easier it will be when your big baby is a fully grown adult.




As bulldogs tend to gain weight, regular exercise is a must to keep them fit, healthy, and to control their weight gain. This is a breed that would rather lie around and look pretty than engage in any hard, physical exercise.


Over-exercising, however, can cause hip and joint problems as it is a heavy dog with short legs. This is critical while your dog is still a puppy, as an injury while small could have devastating effects in adulthood.


Socialization should be done right from the outset, i.e., from the minute you bring your new puppy home. There is always the risk of aggression towards other dogs, and socialization will put paid to this right from the start. Generally, though, they tend to be very protective towards smaller animals and especially children.


Proper housetraining is also necessary, and crate training is a great way to do so. By keeping in mind that a puppy usually needs to go about 15 minutes after a meal, you can soon teach it where it is acceptable to do its doggy business.


As for rest or sleep, this breed loves sleeping and does a lot of it. In fact, rather than chasing the neighbors cat or playing fetch, your bulldog would much rather curl up on its favorite sofa and snore the day away.




This breed has few [+ health issues+]. The most common is probably dermatitis, a skin condition whereby the areas in the dogs folds get inflammation. This problem could largely be countered by taking proper care of your dogs grooming needs, and daily cleaning of the dogs folds.


They are also prone to elbow and hip dysplasia. This is usually not apparent while they are small, but tends to develop later. As such, you need to ensure your dog is not too active while it is still small, although the condition can usually be medically treated. To this end, one also needs to make sure you purchase your new puppy from a reputable breeder and know its parents medical history.


Due to the shape of their skull, and their muzzles that are all squished up, they are prone to breathing problems which have a tendency to get worse if the dog is overweight. It is therefore extremely important to watch your bulldogs weight and feeding carefully. Their soft, brown eyes may beg you for another morsel of food off your plate, but you are not doing your dog a kindness by feeding it more when it asks for it. The shape of their faces also means that this is a breed that is prone to snore, and, as it loves to sleep, there will be a lot of that around.


If you want a companion dog that does not require you taking it out on long walks or playing fetch in order to give it exercise or stimulation, the bulldog is the ideal pet for you. It would much rather cuddle on the couch with you, bathing in your lavish adoration and attention than go outside and run around in the yard. This makes them the ideal pet for someone living in an apartment. A daily, slow, 15-minute stroll is all the exercise it needs while its loving, docile temperament makes it an excellent addition to a family with children. If you are looking for a ferocious guard dog, you would be better suited looking for another breed.


[] Cardigan Welsh Corgi




[] History & Origin


The Cardigan Welsh Corgi has a long history and is one of the first dog breeds brought to Britain by the Celts over three thousand years ago, most particularly to Cardigan in the South of Wales, from where the breeds name originates. The forefathers of the breed were thought to be a combination of the Teckel and Spitz breeds and originated in the central parts of Europe.


Interestingly, it is believed that their appearance was influenced by the forerunners of the breed having been used to turn the spits over fires in English kitchens. What is a fact, however, is that these small dogs were predominantly used as cattle herders and drovers, as they would drive cattle from Welsh farms to English market places where they would be sold.


During the Viking invasion that took place approximately a thousand years ago, Spitz dogs were introduced into the bloodlines, and the product of the inbreeding resulted in the Cardigan Welsh Corgi almost as we know it today.


During the 1800s, the time of the Industrial Revolution in Great Britain, mechanization caused many dog breeds to lose their purpose. Many working breeds, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi included, would probably have become extinct had it not been for the efforts of those few who were passionate about the breed. Dog shows came to the rescue, where their agility and intelligence were shown, thereby ensuring their survival.


The Pembroke Welsh Corgi and Cardigan Welsh Corgi are two breeds that share a common history and used to be considered the same breed by the Kennel Club of Great Britain before 1934. There are, however, some marked differences between them, and they have subsequently received individual breed status.


The first Cardigan Welsh Corgis arrived on American soil during the course of 1931. They were recognized as a breed five years later, in 1936, and their popularity has taken off. They are now a much loved breed in the United Kingdom, the U.S.A., and in many other countries the world ove


[] Personality – Temperament


Although considered a small dog, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi can best be described as being a large dog that is on short legs! Although initially used as a herding dog, the breed excels at such diverse sports as obedience training, agility activities, and has a strong desire to work.


Your new puppy will become an extremely laid back individual. They tend not to take to strangers to easily, but become very friendly once they get to know you. Cardigan Welsh Corgis also make great little watchdogs and do not bark unnecessarily. If they do, however, you can be sure they are trying to alert you to something.


This is a breed that loves being with its people and taking part in their familys activities. Although it is a working dog and needs enough exercise, it loves nothing more than just chilling out with you.


Your new puppy gets along with children and other pets but has a tendency to be quite territorial and may end up chasing away other dogs or cats that enter its territory. You might also find that he will end up herding his family and perhaps nip at your heels. This is not because he is really biting, but rather a part of his genetic makeup. Being shorter than other herding breeds, the Cardigan would nip at the heels of the cattle he was herding in order to keep them on track. Proper socialization and teaching him what is and is not acceptable (firmly but kindly) should put an end to this possible problem.


It is important to keep in mind that your new puppy is exceedingly intelligent and learns very quickly, and this includes both good and bad behavior patterns. If you keep this in mind, however, his quirky nature and love of play will make him a pleasure to be with.


[] Care


Your new puppy, if adequately cared for, will be with you for quite some time, as their average lifespan stretches anything from eleven to thirteen years! Quite a feat for a big dog on short legs!


[] Nutrition and Feeding


What a dog needs in order to thrive with regards to food is in its genes, and as such, you need to take into consideration what your puppys forefathers ate when deciding on what to feed him. Because of this, it is always recommended that a dog, no matter its age, is fed appropriately. Puppies have different nutritional needs than, for example, dogs that are advanced in years and that lead a much more sedentary lifestyle.


Feeding your puppy the wrong diet could result in all kinds of health complications as it gets older. This includes anything from dry, flaky skin to kidney problems, as an example. Correct nutrition thus goes a long way in guaranteeing your new family members health!


The best diet for any dog or puppy is always one that is made at home. Ingredients to include in its diet are red meat, fish, poultry, and fruit and vegetables. Carrots, sweet potatoes, and brown rice are great! Please remember, however, to stay away from food that is harmful to dogs, such as avocados, raw onion and garlic, and chocolate, which is actually poison to dogs.


While a puppy, eggs and cottage cheese could also be added, as they are gentle on a growing puppys tummy.


If deciding on commercial dog food, try to substitute some meals with a fresh diet to ensure that all your puppys nutritional requirements are met. Dry commercial dog food should also be of excellent quality and not full of fillers that only serve to keep your new family additions tummy full while providing no nutritional value whatsoever.


Free feeding whereby food is constantly available is not recommended at any stage of your puppys development. A puppy usually needs to use the bathroom approximately fifteen minutes after eating, and a proper feeding schedule is thus essential, especially while still housetraining him.


Up until the age of six months, three to four smaller meals a day is thus recommended. After this time, two meals a day should be the norm.


Plenty of fresh water should be available at all times. This not only keeps your new puppy hydrated, but is essential for the functioning of its gastric system and kidneys as well.


[]Coat and Grooming


There is not much difference with regards to size between male and female Cardigan Welsh Corgis. A male could reach twelve inches in height and a female about ten inches when measured from the withers to the ground. Their weight range is also similar, with males typically weighing in between 26 pounds and 28 pounds while females weigh in at between 24 pounds and 26 pounds.


Your new puppy has a thick, double coat with the undercoat being soft and serving as protection against the elements. The outer coat tends to be coarser and longer. Their coats also come in various shades, including brindle, sable, tan and brindle, with white markings present on their chests, tip of the tail, legs, neck, belly and muzzle.


The Cardigan Welsh Corgi tends to be a breed that sheds quite a lot, with heavier shedding occurring approximately twice a year, usually when the seasons change. In order to keep their shedding habits under control, daily brushing is recommended as well as a regular bath regime which tends to remove most loose hair.


While bathing, it is a good idea to check your puppys ears as any discharge or redness are possible signs of an ear infection which is extremely painful. If you notice anything out of the ordinary, a visit to your veterinarian is recommended as soon as is possible. To clean them, a damp cotton wool ball works wonders, although you can also dampen it with an ear cleaning product specially designed for this purpose.


Most working or active dogs nails tend to get trimmed naturally. This does not mean you should stop checking them, however, and if you notice that they click on the floor while your dog is walking, it is probably a sign that his nails need a trim. This can easily be done at home, but many pet owners prefer taking their pets to either the veterinarian or the doggy parlor for this. It is relatively inexpensive. Torn nails can be very painful, so a regular check is essential.




With regards to exercise, your puppy, as he grows older, will need to be walked regularly, but his extreme intelligence and agility make him excellent at sports, such as, for example, agility and obedience training. Regular exercise is also important for this breed, as Cardigan Welsh Corgis tend towards obesity if they lead a sedentary lifestyle, and this leads to many health problems including heart problems and diabetes.


Although puppies should never be exercised too rigorously due to their growing bones, muscles and ligaments, adult Cardigan Welsh Corgi needs quite a lot of exercise. Activities to consider are jogging, brisk walks and walking a few miles per day.


Having said this, your new puppys training needs to start the moment you bring it home. You need to take him around your home so that he can familiarize himself with his eating area, sleeping area, and of course, his potty area as well. Added to this, he would also need to get acquainted with his new family members and other pets, if you have any.


Besides socialization, the next thing on the agenda would be his potty training. Please keep in mind that a puppys tummy needs to go approximately fifteen minutes after a meal, and by taking him to his designated potty area around that time, he will soon learn where he needs to go when it is that time. These little dogs are exceedingly intelligence and learn very quickly! Training them is a breeze!


While still small, your new ball of fur will probably sleep quite a lot – up to sixteen hours a day is not uncommon, so do not worry about that. As he grows older, his sleeping requirements will change and he will become more active. He does, however, need a safe spot that is out of the way of the daily household traffic to which he can retreat when he wants to sleep or just chill for a while.




Although the majority of dogs of this breed tend to be quite healthy, there are, however, some health problems that may crop up. It is, therefore, always recommended that you purchase your new puppy from a [+ reputable breeder+] that has the breeds best interests at heart. Not only will this person be able to clue you in on all your puppys needs, but they will be able to supply you with adequate, relevant information with regards to the health concerns (if there are any) in the puppys immediate bloodline.


The two major health concerns associated with the Cardigan Welsh Corgi are canine hip dysplasia (CHD) and intervertebral disc disease. The intervertebral disease is most often found in dogs with long backs and is a condition whereby the discs between vertebrae either bulge or burst. The result is nerve damage, severe pain, and possible paralysis. CHD is usually a combination of inheritance and environment. To this end, it is thus never recommended that a corgi gets too much exercise while still young, as this could facilitate the onslaught of the problem.


Other health concerns that have been noted with the breed include von WIllebrands disease (which can be likened to hemophilia in humans), urinary stones, and progressive retinal atrophy (PRA).


Generally speaking, though, your new Cardigan Welsh Corgi puppy is going to grow into a strapping, healthy little dog that is active, adores attention, and which loves nothing more than being with his family. His ability to acclimatize himself to situations makes him a great pet for those living in apartments although he needs his daily dose of exercise. He is not suitable for those living a sedentary lifestyle. If treated correctly and given the attention he deserves, your new puppy is going to make a wonderful addition to your family.


[][] Chihuahua




[] History & Origin


The origin of the Chihuahua is surrounded by mystery and speculation, yet this does not detract from the breeds popularity at all.


The first mention of the Chihuahua in modern times was when a few of these dogs were found at an old ruined city in Chihuahua, Mexico. This is also where this feisty little breed gets its name from.


Although it is not known for sure, common belief would have it that they are descendants of an ancient breed of dog that was favored by the ancient Mayans and probably the Toltecs, known as the Techichi. This was a small, domesticated dog which was roughly the same size as a Chihuahua yet a little more sturdily built.


Another theory is that they are also descendants of a small European dog breed that were found in Malta and that some of these dogs made their way to the Americas during the Spanish conquests, and bred with the Techichi, giving us the forerunners of the breed as it is known today.


Whatever their history, however, the fact is, these dogs as a breed, had their origins in the Americas.


The first European settlers at the time would not have taken much notice of such a small dog as they needed larger working dogs on their farms and ranches. It was only when the USA became more urban that smaller dogs were looked at as pets, and the Chihuahua fitted the bill perfectly.


The first Chihuahua was registered with the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1904, but it was only in 1952 that the breed was separated into two classes: the short-haired, and the long coat.


The modern Chihuahua is much smaller than the original breed due to selective breeding. It is still not uncommon for larger dogs to be born that resemble their Techichi forebears.


[] Personality – Temperament


Your puppy is going to have a personality that is larger than life! It may be small, but by no means is this little dog going to stand back for anything – unless he is so inclined.


They are extremely loyal, as well as eccentric at times. Besides this, they are often both comical and entertaining as well!


Although some people are not great fans of the breed, saying that they are nasty little creatures that bite, their owners absolutely adore them, and more often than not, cannot contemplate having any other dog than a Chihuahua.


Depending on the owner, a Chihuahua could either be described as confident, feisty and bold with a touch of stubbornness thrown in for good measure or timid, mellow or nervous. The temperament largely depends on its breeding, so in order to determine the kind of temperament your new puppy will have, it is advisable to do a thorough check on its parents. This should give you an excellent idea as to whether you puppy is going to grow up into a feisty little character, or a more timid dog, for example.


The Chihuahua, however, is not a breed that likes being provoked, and if teased, will more often than not let you know exactly how it feels about it! They are, thus, not a breed that is suitable for a family with small children around.


They do well with regards to apartment living, although they do need adequate exercise.


[] Care


A Chihuahua is a long-lived breed and can have a healthy, long life stretching anything between ten to eighteen years! So when considering a puppy, take this into consideration as you will be in it for the long-haul. They also tend to have specific needs that might be considered unique to the breed, but then, you would not consider a Chihuahua puppy if you were just looking for a family pet, either.


Because they are so small, they do not really make a great family pet, even when you do have a Chihuahua that is good with children. They can easily get hurt during play. They are also not really able to survive as outside dogs, as they are extremely sensitive to temperature, easily getting hypothermia when the weather is cold. This is why you see so many of them wearing little coats during the winter months.


[] Nutrition and Feeding


A Chihuahua puppy may be small and eat very little at a time, but it has a fast metabolism which means it needs to be fed frequently.


Most often than not, small puppy breeds do better on a home-cooked or good quality canned puppy food because they are so small and often have trouble chewing dried food. If going the dried food option, it is usually best to pick a good quality brand designed specifically for the breed or for toy dogs, although this can be started at a later date. The dried food can be mixed with the canned or home-cooked food until your puppy is used to it.


Because of their fast metabolism, and while your puppy is under three months of age, it is usually best to practice free-feeding. From about three to six months, however, they can be given three meals a day, after which two meals a day is fine.


When giving you puppy home-cooked, finely cut chicken or red meat is perfect, as well as mashed vegetables such as, for example, carrots, broccoli and sweet potatoes. Adding brown rice into the mix is also great.


They tend to be prone to constipation, so adding the vegetables gives them more roughage in their diet to alleviate this kind of problem.


Overfeeding is never advised because they tend towards obesity which has its own set of health-related problems.


[]Coat and Grooming


Both males and females reach between 15cm – 23 cm in height and can weigh between 1,5kg and 3kg. They are small-boned and delicate with a wiry frame, although they do tend towards obesity if overfed or in instances where they do not get sufficient exercise. Do not be overly concerned if your puppy snores, though. It is due to its very short muzzle. It can be quite loud at times, though, and you may find it hard to believe that such a loud noise can come from such a tiny little body!


The breed has two types of coats: the long-haired variety, and the short-haired variety. Although one would think that a long-haired Chihuahua would shed more than the short-haired variety, this is not so. The short-haired Chihuahua has an undercoat while the long-haired version of the breed does not.


On the positive side, however, because they are so small, and although they can shed just as much as a large dog, their shedding is much less noticeable.


The best way of minimizing the shedding problem is by brushing your dog regularly. This gets rid of the loose hair in one go, and prevents it from getting all over the furniture!A long-haired Chihuahua has more grooming needs as their hair can tend to get knotty or dirty, but as it is a breed that tends to be more indoors than outside, this is seldom a problem. Regular brushing, besides getting rid of unwanted hair, also stimulates your puppys skin to produce natural oils that give its coat a glossy look.


Bathing a Chihuahua regularly, besides having a clean dog, also helps minimize its shedding habits. A bath every two months or so is more than enough. A good, quality shampoo is advised, however, with conditioner if you have a long-haired puppy. Cleaning around the eye area with a damp cotton wool or washcloth regularly is also advised in order to prevent tear stains from developing.


As they tend to be an indoor breed, their toenails need to be cut regularly so that they do not get caught up in things. Torn toenails can be very painful for you little pal.




Although they may be the smallest breed of toy dogs, they are extremely energetic for their size. They can get most of their exercise needs within the home by means of games and such, but they are still in need of a good walk a few times a week. They need to keep fit.


They may be small, but Chihuahuas are extremely intelligent and eager to please. They can, however, also be exceedingly stubborn when the mood strikes them. They also do not respond well when scolding. All training must, therefore, be firm and positive in nature. Above all, his training, to your puppy, needs to be a fun, positive experience, rewarded with praise and love.


Housebreaking your new puppy need not be a difficult thing at all. Because he loves learning, he will soon learn the dos and donts about his potty-training, especially if he is taken outside a few minutes after each meal. He will, very quickly, associate eating with going outside to do his business.


The most important thing to remember about your new puppy is that, like all children, they need adequate stimulation. If not, they can get destructive. They, therefore, need enough positive attention and adequate stimulation by, e.g. playing games of fetch or even hide and seek. Whatever grips its fancy! Playtime can be a rewarding and bonding experience for both you and your pet.




The good news is, your Chihuahua puppy will probably live for a very long time, up to about sixteen years, in fact, as it is a  breed that is not prone to many genetic diseases.


 As with all breeds, however, there are certain diseases that could possibly affect your new puppy, but although the chances may be slim of your Chihuahua developing them, they are still worth mentioning.


Once again, as with all breeds, it is always of utmost importance that you make sure you buy your puppy from a reputable breeder with a good track record and that you know the medical history of both your dogs parents, if possible, as this will be a good indicator of whether your dog could develop similar conditions as it grows.


Probably the most common condition in Chihuahuas is slipped kneecaps, or to give it the correct term, Patella luxation. Although it could be due to your dogs genes, it could just as well be as a result of obesity or jumping from high surfaces. They are delicate, and their joints cannot withstand such forceful, continuous impacts.


Younger Chihuahuas also tend to get low blood sugar or hypoglycemia. This is mostly because of the dog being extremely active and burning more energy than what it has consumed. Remember, they have tiny tummies and cannot eat much. Symptoms include shivering, staggering while walking, a glassy-eyed look, seizures, and if left untreated, possibly death. The quickest way to treat this is by giving your dog sugar as soon as you see any of the symptoms. Your dog, if hypoglycemic, needs to be fed small meals a few times a day to keep its blood sugar levels stable.


Many of this breed have teeth problems because of the small size of their mouths. Their teeth tend to be squashed together and are often skew, meaning food particles get trapped between the teeth which can later lead to tooth decay. It is a good idea to teach your Chihuahua that it is quite okay to have its teeth brushed regularly.


As a breed, while many Chihuahuas tend to get along well with children, they are not really recommended as a family dog when there are smaller children in the home. Their small size and delicate bone structure mean they can get hurt very easily. They are, however, excellent companion dogs that love nothing more than being loved and pampered, and giving as much love in return.


Despite their size, they are also excellent little guard dogs that will alert you immediately if something is not right in your immediate vicinity. Their inherent intelligence means they learn easily, and love learning tricks in order to entertain you.


Their grooming needs are basic while an added plus point could be the fact that they eat so little and do not take up much space! They are thus ideal pets for those living in an apartment.


[] Dachshund




[] History & Origin


The Dachshund  was bred in Germany to be a hunting dog. Their name, Dachshund, means badger dog. They were used to hunt wild boar while their small size made them ideal for climbing into badger dens.


It is believed that their ancestry includes smaller mutations of other hunting dogs like the Bibarhund and the Schweisshund or bloodhound. Selective breeding resulted in what is today the common Dachshund. These dogs were usually used in packs while hunting.


Due to even more selective breeding, a smaller version of the dog was created, enabling it to go down rabbit burrows where it would flush out the prey so that their owners could kill it.


Dachshunds were apparently also used to track wounded deer and alert their owners to the injured animals whereabouts, as well as in fox hunting.


The Dachshund was recognized as a breed by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1885 and has since then gained tremendous popularity.


Today, there are two sizes that are recognized by the AKC, the standard, and the miniature, while they come in all colors and combination and their coats can be short-haired, long-haired or wiry.


[] Personality – Temperament


Your Dachshund puppy is going to grow up to be a proud, stubborn little dog with a heart of gold. They are extremely loyal to their families to whom they tend to grow extremely attached and are great watchdogs in spite of their size. Nothing gets past a dachshund without them knowing about it!


This is a breed that needs human company or, at least, another dog (preferably another dachshund) to keep it company, otherwise, it will probably start barking in a bid to get some attention, while at the same time, it is prone to jealousy, especially with regards to what it perceives as its toys.


Because of their innate stubbornness and tendency to approach all strangers or strange circumstances so suspiciously, proper training is recommended for your new puppy.


Although they make excellent house dogs and are not in need of a large yard to keep them happy, the do need enough exercise, and to this end, needs a daily walk, on a leash. They tend to get excited when out and about and are in the habit of taking off in chase of something that looks or smells interesting. This could, of course, have disastrous consequences.


Dachshunds may be fun-loving, caring and charming, but they do not like being pushed around too far, may get irritable at any behavior towards them that they feel is harsh, and snap at the one they deem responsible. It does not hesitate to defend itself if it feels it is being wronged.


Dachshunds tend to get cold quite easily, which can make its housetraining a bit of a challenge. If the weather is cold, it is preferable that it has a covered area in which it could do its doggy business.


[] Care


Your new puppy has short legs and a long back, and it was bred that way in order to be able to get into small holes and spaces that larger hunting dogs were not able to. As they tend to love eating, it is extremely important that you watch your puppys diet, because they tend to get obese and develop back problems if their eating habits are not kept in check.


[] Nutrition and Feeding


Your new puppy needs food that is higher in energy than what it needs as an adult. This is in order for it to grow, both in size and bone structure.


Dachshunds tend to do equally well on both dry commercial dog food and the homemade variety.


If opting for homemade, poultry, chicken, and red meat are quite suitable, as well as vegetables, such as carrots and potatoes as well as rice. Giving your puppy the occasional egg is also a good idea, as eggs are high in protein You should never feed your puppy or adult dog, for that matter, chocolate or raw onion and garlic. It can make your dog extremely ill.


When it comes to commercial pet food, make sure that it is of good quality and meets your puppys nutritional needs. The more common, popular kind tends to be full of fillers that on a nutritional level mean nothing, as they tend to pass right through you dog while only serving to fill up its tummy.


When giving your dog dried food, however, either wet it first or make sure that there is a plentiful supply of fresh water as eating dried food can make it very thirsty.


Your new puppy may start out by eating three to four meals a day, which, by the time it is approximately six months old, should be down to two times a day.


Although many people tend to opt for feeding an adult dog once a day only, it could lead to gluttonous behavior and the dog wolfing down its food, swallowing large amounts of wind, and bloating. Two smaller meals twice daily, on the other hand, mean that your dog is never that hungry.


A dachshund will tend to eat any- and everything it can lay its paws on, so with this respect, you need to keep a careful watch on it.


[]Coat and Grooming


The breed stands low to the ground with short legs and a long body. It is, for its relatively small size, a very muscular dog. It has an alert demeanor, with large, floppy ears and has an acute sense of smell.


Dachshunds come in two sizes, standard and miniature. Typically, the standard dog weighs in between 16 and 32 pounds, while the miniature version of the breed weighs in at around 11 pounds and less once fully grown.


They have three types of coats: flat, smooth-haired, wired, and long. The flat haired varietys hair is short, and they tend to get cold easily. You will often see them wearing dog coat during the colder months of the year. Their grooming needs are also minimal. The longhaired dachshund, on the other hand, has long, wavy hair that needs to be brushed regularly to avoid tangles. Like the longhaired variety, the wire-haired dachshund also needs to be combed regularly.


Their coats  come in a variety of colors, e.g. red, black, tan, gray, and all variations and combinations you can think of. All are 100% acceptable.


They are extremely easy to groom and do not need really specialized attention. In order to keep the tartar buildup on their teeth down to a minimum, rawhide chew toys are excellent. As far as bathing goes, they are, fortunately, a breed that only needs to be bathed about every three to four months. A good quality dog shampoo is advised so that your puppys skin does not develop rashes of perhaps eczema.


A smooth, short-haired dachshund, like any other dog, sheds hair. To keep their coat smooth and shiny, regular brushing with a glove brush or bristle-haired brush is ideal. Long-haired dachshunds require a little more effort and need to be combed in addition to being brushed in order to keep their manes knot-free. They might also need to go to the dog parlor on occasion for a clipping. Wirehaired dachshunds have a double coat, a soft undercoat topped by a stiffer, wiry top coat that can, at times, get matted. As their coat tends to become extremely thick at times, it is advised that they go to a parlor to get their coats sorted out every so often.


Their large, floppy ears, need to be cleaned as well with a damped cotton-wool ball. If you notice mites or a discharge, your pet needs to be taken to the veterinarian as soon as possible so that the problem can be sorted out.


If you see your dachshund licking at or dragging its rear on the carpet, it could mean its anal gland needs cleaning. If you do not wish to do so, a veterinarian or someone at a doggy parlor could do so for you.


Their nails, if the dog does not get much exercise and where it does not file down naturally, needs to be clipped occasionally.


Other than this, your new puppy is good to go!




This is a breed that does not need a large yard and is great for apartment dwellers. They do have a lot of energy, though, so regular walks in the park would be ideal.


Training, as with all puppies, begins the  moment you bring your dog home. A dachshund needs to be near people, and to this end, cuddling it and lavishing it with attention will soon teach it what behavior is acceptable and what is not.


Socialization is an important aspect of any dogs training, and in this respect, your dachshund puppy is no exception. If these skills are learned before your dog is five months old, all for the better, as this is the time when it is the most receptive to this and includes other animals, people, and things, i.e. cars, nature, and so on.


This is a breed that does quite well with crate training, as it gives it a safe spot in which it can sleep in or when it just needs some time out. It is also great when potty training your new puppy. With regards to potty training, however, remember that a puppy needs to go out and do its business approximately 15 minutes after a meal, and by letting it out, it soon learns where it is acceptable to do so.


The only time to give this breed a reward when training it is when it behaves the way you wish it to. A reward could be some special affection, a pat, or a hug, and should not be dog treats as, besides a tendency towards obesity, this breed is stubborn in nature and may decide to only behave appropriately if fed. This is not a situation that any discerning dog owner wishes for.


Your new puppy needs a lot of sleep – remember, it is still a baby – and it is not unusual for them to sleep up to 16 hours a day. This, of course, will start tapering off as it grows older.




Generally speaking, the dachshund is quite a healthy breed and not prone to many health issues. The main issue with them, however, is related to their backs.


Their long backs and short legs may have made them ideal for crawling down badger holes, but it has an associated risk, i.e. they are prone to developing Intervertebral Disc Disease, which is an extremely painful condition. This is usually the result of the dog jumping off from high places, obesity, or handling the dog incorrectly, i.e. picking it up incorrectly. When picking up your dachshund, do so at both ends simultaneously.


The breed tends towards obesity due to its love of eating. Those soulful eyes can also prompt an owner to feed it extra tidbits, but this is to be avoided at all costs. You can end up killing your dog with kindness, when in fact, its diet should be watched. Besides causing back problems, an obese dog can also develop heart problems and diabetes, both of which are conditions that could be avoided.


Dachshunds are also susceptible to pancreatitis, and this is also tied into its eating habits. It is usually associated with eating fatty foods, which is something a dachshund should avoid due to the obesity problem as previously mentioned. This is an extremely painful condition, and signs include vomiting, diarrhea, and lethargy.


A breed that loves human companionship, children, and other dogs, the dachshund is ideal for those families that live in a smaller space, such as an apartment. They do not need much grooming or even exercise, although their dietary needs need to be strictly adhered to while their stubborn streak can make training a little difficult at times. With enough love and patience, though, they make an excellent addition to any family willing to put in the initial effort.


[] Dalmatian




[] History & Origin


This is probably one of the oldest dog breeds out there. They have, in fact, been around for so long that researchers cannot even give an estimated time frame as to their origins. This is a breed that has, in effect, gone unchanged for centuries! But then, when perfection is reached, why would you change it? They are also not located in one general area, as research has shown that they were present in such diverse areas such as Africa, Asia and Europe. The fact that they were a favorite of Gypsies could, however, account for their presence in all these regions.


They were finally called Dalmatians as the first entry of this dog was made in Dalmatia, which was a province of Austria. This was, of course, a very long time ago.


These dogs have been employed in many different types of jobs. They have played their part during wars, were used as sentinels to guard countries borders, where used as shepherds, and also as draft dogs.


[+ In Great Britain+], they were also carriage dogs. They would run alongside the carriages of the more well-to-do, one on either side, protecting the carriages from possible highway-robbers, while looking after the horses when the carriage was parked somewhere. This led to them being used by the first fire-fighting horse-pulled carts. Not only did they protect the equipment and guard the horses, they also tended to have a calming effect on them, as horses are not naturally inclined to like the smell of smoke.


This, of course, led to the occupation they are most well-known for: as firehouse dogs. They would run outside and warn passersby to get out of the way when the fire-bell rang and run next to the water-carts as they went careening down the streets, warning people to move out of the way. Even with the advent of automobiles, many firehouses still kept Dalmatians around. Although they no longer go running next to the fire-engine, they tend to be inside next to the driver. Some may think that their days as a service dog in the fire industry is obsolete, but they still serve their purpose as a really great pet to have around and are great at rat catching. Some firehouses still have their trusty companions on site to this day


[] Personality – Temperament


If you got your new puppy from a responsible breeder, you are landing up with what can only be described as a dream dog! They adore people and being with them and prolonged separation from their family can actually lead to separation anxiety – they get extremely attached!


They love nothing more than being the center of attention, and will happily play the part of the clown. They are, however, for all their large size, not really outside dogs, preferring to be inside with their owners and can get quite destructive if not with you – you could end up with a garden with plants pulled out and holes all over.


They are also quite energetic and need regular exercise…a lot of it. So if you like jogging or riding a bicycle, they are great companions and will happily run right alongside you. An added bonus is anyone wishing to accost you will think twice as they are excellent guard dogs to boot!


Highly intelligent and quick to train, they tend to be a little territorial and first-time visitors may get treated with suspicion until your dog gets to know them. Generally, though, they get along with anyone.


One piece of advice, though – although they are extremely intelligent and can learn very quickly, they can be stubborn at times, and simply will not obey a command simply because they dont feel like it, not because they do not understand it or cant. A little understanding in this regard is thus necessary.


[] Care


Caring for a Dalmatian is relatively easy as they are a very clean breed of dog and constantly clean themselves, although they do have a shedding habit. What they need to be happy is the love of their family, family time and activities, a warm home, and a good, healthy diet. Then they are good to go!


[] Nutrition and Feeding


Where food is concerned, a Dalmatian has very specific needs. Although there is a large variety of commercial dog food available that addresses these particular needs, it is important that you are always aware of what your new puppy eats.


The main reason for their particular eating habits is because they do not produce a certain enzyme that has to do with the digestion of proteins like other dogs do. Without this enzyme, they tend to have a buildup of extra protein in their urinary tracts which leads to the formation of kidney stones, which can be excruciatingly painful.


Therefore, the best food for them is homemade, incorporating raw meat, a few bones a week, and lots of vegetables, grains and fruit. You cannot make your Dalmatian a vegetarian, though, as its size means that it needs an adequate amount of protein in its diet! So you need to give it the protein it needs, but should rather stay away from organ meat like, for example, kidneys, liver, and so forth which is extremely protein dense.


If deciding on commercial dog food, it is advisable to swap it out for a different brand regularly while adding, for example, a lot of cooked vegetables to their meals as well. Always remember to have a clean supply of water available at all times!


Great treats for this breed include cooked vegetables such as squash, sweet potato and zucchini, hard-boiled eggs, yogurt and even cheese.


While still a puppy, your little guy will need to have about four small meals a day, tapered down to about two by the time it is six months old. Feeding your Dalmatian twice a day is the ideal so that it never gets really hungry enough to gobble up its food and ingesting large amounts of air. Besides causing gas, this is a contributing factor to bloat.


As to the amount of food to feed your dog, it depends on its age and level of activity, so as long as your dog does not get fat, or does not lose weight, you can generally estimate that you are doing it right.


[]Coat and Grooming


A Dalmatian is quite distinct with regards to its looks. They are spotted – black on white which is the norm, although liver on white is also acceptable. They are a large breed, extremely muscular in appearance, and strong. Additionally, they have a high capacity for endurance and can run quite fast as well. Typically, a Dalmatians lifespan varies between 10 and 13 years. An adult male varies in height from 53cm to 66 cm and weighs between 15 and 43 kg. A female is between 46cm and 64cm in height, weighing in at anything between 16kg to 24 kg.


When newly born, your puppys coat will be pure white, and its spots will only develop a little later. They have very little or no undercoat, although they still tend to shed. Their coat, while short, is satiny soft to the touch.


This is not a breed that has to be bathed too often, as they are extremely clean and keep themselves that way. They are not prone to developing any doggy smells. With regards to grooming, they need only be brushed with a rubber brush regularly – mostly for you, the owner, otherwise, their hair will be all over the home.


Their ears also need a regular cleaning ritual, which is easy with a damp cotton wool ball. In the case of any discharge or even redness, which could be the first signs of an infection, a trip to the veterinarian is in order.


Their nails tend to be worn down due to their high levels of activity and seldom need clipping. It is always good to make sure, though.




Your high-energy puppy is going to grow up to be a high energy adult dog. As such, it is perfect for a family with older children with whom it can play, as this is probably one of its favorite activities. It loves nothing more than running around playing fetch or catch and probably any other game your kids can come up with


The most valuable learning time in your new puppys life is most probably during the first twenty weeks. This is the period during which it needs to be socialized properly – with all family members, other pets if you have them, strange dogs, and people. Taking him on walks in the park so that he gets to do so is thus a prerequisite. Investing the time with you dog while it is still young will determine the type of adult he becomes. Will he turn out to be a true gentleman or a scoundrel? It is up to you.


Training your new puppy is not a difficult task. They learn extremely quickly, and the best way to reward good behavior is by positive feedback, i.e. hugs, praise and kisses – with the possible odd treat thrown in for good measure.


As they may be obstinate at times, they need to know who the alpha dog is, and know their place in their new pack. It is thus important that this is established right from the outset.


Potty training this breed, as is the case with any other training, is a breeze. By taking your puppy out a few minutes after each meal, he will know exactly where he needs to go when it is that time.


Puppies should not be exposed to too much physical exercise and play, with you, should see to these physical needs. This is because they are still growing, and too much stress on their young joints could lead to later problems. They need periods in which they can get enough sleep during their bouts of activity, and 18 hours worth of sleep a day is not uncommon, although it tends to get less as they get older.




Before getting a Dalmatian puppy, be sure that you are dealing with an honest, reputable breeder! Because the breed has gained so much in popularity, many so-called breeders out there are more intent on supplying more puppies, with a total disregard to improving and maintaining the breeds integrity. Also, make sure you have a history of both its parents, as this could determine your dogs nature and potential health problems.


This is, for the most part, a very healthy breed with one exception: it is prone to kidney stones, which, unfortunately, is one of the major causes of death in Dalmatians. This is especially the case with males that have a long and narrow urinary tract which makes passing kidney stones incredibly difficult. Correct nutrition is the main factor in preventing this from developing.


Another inherent problem is their proneness to deafness. This is a genetic trait and in no way related to deafness due to old age. It is estimated that approximate one in every three Dalmatians is born deaf in either one or both ears. So make sure of this fact before getting a puppy, but keep in mind that this does not make them any the less of a dog or untrainable.


Lastly, they tend to be prone to skin allergies which, if not treated, can lead to complications. Due to their white coats, prolonged sun exposure can lead to skin cancer, but if your dog is cared for and is a house dog as it should be, the chances of this are minimized.


Common problems usually associated with larger breeds such as hip dysplasia seldom occurs in this breed.


For an all-rounder, i.e. family pet, child-entertainer par excellence, guard dog, running/cycling partner, and all round clown you would need to look far for another breed that fits the bill. The majestic Dalmatian fits a niche that few other breeds can, and by giving your puppy the attention he needs, and with a little common sense, you will have a true friend and family companion for life.


[] Doberman Pinscher




[] History & Origin


The father of the Doberman Pinscher breed came from humble origins. Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann is believed to have worked a number of jobs, being a skinner, dog catcher, and night watchman. He wanted to develop a breed of dog that was intelligent, brave, and an excellent guard dog. Due to his job as a dog catcher, he would often select the best dogs for his breeding effort. He did not, however, keep any clear records of the different breeds he crossed, and most of the breeds history with this regard is second hand and gleaned from information supplied by those that were close to him.


The most commonly held belief regarding this breeds heritage, however, is that they were derived by crossing Butchers dogs, German Pinchers, Beaucerons, Thüringen Shepherds and Weimaraners. There may or may not have been other breeds in the mix, but this is not certain. Whatever their ancestry, however, Herr Dobermann certainly succeeded in accomplishing what he set out to do, and the product of his breeding efforts are the forerunners of the Doberman Pinschers we know today.


What is known, however, is that after his death, the Manchester Terrier and Greyhound were included in the breeds mix, giving the Doberman the look it has today.


The Standard for Doberman Pinschers was written as well as approved by the German Kennel Club I 1890 and is still the norm for today.


Although it is commonly believed that the first Doberman set foot on American soil in 1908, it was not until the end of the Second World War that the breed gained attention, when soldiers returning from the war brought these dogs home with them.


[] Personality – Temperament


Generally speaking, the Doberman Pinscher gets a bad rap as  they are not the stereotypical ferocious, vicious guard dogs that popular culture would have us believe they are. They are actually very loving and gentle pets who have a fiercely protective streak with regards to their loved ones. This is not a breed that will go looking for trouble, but when trouble arrives at their door, they will protect their family with a ferociousness that cannot be described. If he is loved and treated as a family member, he is the most gentle of dogs with children and a good addition to any family. Many tend to be nothing more than oversized lap dogs!


The Doberman is an extremely intelligent breed, and proper, gentle yet firm training needs to start from day one. Your puppy will test its boundaries until such time as he knows his place in your home.


This breed, from around eight months of age, goes through an extremely chewy phase and will chomp away at any and everything it finds. This includes electric cords, carpets, shoes, furniture, etc. You name it, he will chew on it. To stop such behavior from getting out of hand, it is a great idea to see to it that your puppy has a plentiful supply of chew toys that grab its attention. This kind of behavior can continue for a long time, in some instances up to the age of two years! So be kind, be patient, and above all, be firm! Because of its intelligence and strong will, he will try your patience time and again. If you persist, though, you will have no better friend.


Although large, the Doberman is not an outside dog. Your Doberman puppy is, essentially, a large house pet. They do not like being outdoors, preferring to keep close to their family and being in their general vicinity.


[] Care


Caring for a Doberman Pinscher is pretty basic: as long as you love and take care of him, your new puppy will take care of you until the day it dies. It is that simple, and that complicated. The reason for the complication is that this is a highly intelligent breed with a strong will of its own that will test you to the limits initially. Do not, however, give up. By being consistent, loving and kind, you will be rewarded with the best companion and loving protector you could possibly find.


[] Nutrition and Feeding


Your little Doberman puppy is going to grow up to be a huge dog that is quite active. He is going to need the correct diet right from the start.


Because this breed was initially working dogs, they need an active lifestyle and burn off a lot of energy. They thus need an adequate supply of protein and fat in their diet. Please note, however, that this breed is prone to developing kidney stones, so their diet must not have too much protein, either, and to this end, adding vegetables and fruit goes a long way in securing their optimum health.


Your puppy will, initially, need to be fed four meals a day, which should be lessened as it grows. By the time it is six months old, however, and after that, two meals a day is sufficient, once in the morning, and once at night.


One of the reasons for feeding large dogs such as the Doberman twice a day is bloat. Large dogs with deep chests such as the Doberman are prone to developing bloat, especially when fed only dried dog food or one meal a day. This is because they tend to gobble their food when hungry, swallowing wind, or, in the instance of dried food, eat too much and then, after drinking water, the food in their tummy swells.


In order to combat this problem, two smaller meals a day is advisable as they are not so hungry, while their dried food can be wet slightly or mixed with wet food.


Never feed your puppy avocado, raw onion or garlic (cooked is fine), or chocolate. Adding brown rice to their meal as well as carrots and sweet potato is an excellent way of ensuring he gets the added minerals and vitamins he needs while helping with food processing in its tummy. Adding yogurt or eggs occasionally is also to be recommended.


[]Coat and Grooming


Your Doberman puppy is going to grow up to be a big fellow! Males height varies between 66cm and 72cm, and they weigh anything from 34kg – 45 kg. Females are slightly smaller in stature and can stand between 61cm and 68cm, weighing between 27kg – 41kg.


Their coat is short, smooth and sleek, with no undercoat present, except in the neck area. Although the most common Doberman is black and tan, the breed actually has five color variations, i.e. black, blue, red, fawn, and white.


It is not recommended that people purposely breed all-black or all-white Dobermans as they are not recognized by the breed standard. Additionally, all-white Dobermans tend to have a myriad of health problems.


Their grooming requirements are few, as their coat is so easy to care for and needs only an occasional brushing to rid itself of loose hairs. They do shed, however. These are clean dogs and not prone to developing doggy smells, so only need the occasional bath. Their ears need to be looked at frequently and cleaned with a damp cotton wool ball. If there is any unusual discharge, a visit to the veterinarian is in order. Their nails should also be clipped on a monthly basis if they are not worn down naturally.




Your Doberman puppy will grow up to be an extremely intelligent, high-energy dog that needs sufficient exercise and stimulation in order to become a great member of the family. Long, daily walks are essential as well as enough play time – it loves to play. To this end, games such as fetch or hide-and-seek are ideal. If you are someone that loves jogging, then so much the better; your Doberman makes a great running partner! This breed, however, needs a large space, and to this end, is an extremely bad choice of pet for those who prefer apartment living. They need to be able to run around outside and play as and when they need to do so.


Training this breed is relatively easy, as they are not only intelligent but very eager to please their owner. They do not take well to negativity, however, so scolding or yelling is a definite no-no. They may be big and tough, but they are, at heart, sensitive souls. They need a kind yet firm hand.


After the initial puppy socialization and home training, i.e. potty-training and learning the house rules, your dog is ready for a more formal mode of training at, preferably, an accredited dog training school.


Potty-training this breed is surprisingly easy. By taking your puppy outside a few minutes after a meal, it will very quickly learn where it is supposed to go for its potty business. It will also soon let you know exactly when it needs to go.


Initially, your new puppy will need a lot of sleep, interspersed with periods of activity. As it grows older, however, this tends to become less, and when an adult, although it may still snooze quite often, it generally needs one single long period of sleep – very much like humans.


As Doberman owners, we need to remember that the breed was bred specifically as a working dog, and is one of the most intelligent breeds out there. To this end, they have been successfully used as police and service dogs, as their intelligence allows for levels of training that few other breeds can actually attain.




The Doberman, for its size, is actually a healthy breed when compared to other dogs of its stature. Larger breeds are often prone to hip dysplasia. This is not very common in Dobermans with only 6% of the breed suffering from this condition. By making sure you have a reputable breeder and knowing the history of your puppys parents, you can very easily strike out that problem.


The major health problem facing the breed is heart problems. These include cardiomyopathy,  valve disease, septal defects, and others. Doberman Pinscher owners are thus advised to take their dogs for yearly check-ups to determine whether their dogs are still healthy and in order to take any appropriate action if needed.


Another problem that is encountered in the breed is Wobbler Syndrome which can be identified by means of a dogs wobbly way of walking. It is due to the compression of the spinal cord in the neck which can lead to neck pain. There are various reasons for this to occur in your dog and it can, thankfully, be successfully treated by a veterinarian.


Bloat is a problem encountered in most large, deep-chested dog breeds and the Doberman is no exception. To combat the likelihood of your dog getting this condition, two smaller meals per day are advised rather that a single, large one. Dogs that are hungry tend to wolf down their food very quickly, and this often seems to lead to this condition. Two smaller meals mean the dog never gets so hungry that it eats that fast. A Doberman should also not undertake any strenuous exercise before or after eating, as this also seems to play a role with regards to the condition.


At the end of the day, when all is said and done, your Doberman Pinscher is a giant lap dog that loves nothing more than being with its people. They want to be as close to their human family as they possibly can while being involved in all their activities. Dobermans are not pets, but part of the family, which they will protect with their lives if needs be due to their incredibly well-developed protective instincts. They protect what they love.


If you want a dog that is lovable, intelligent, a clown when it suits him, a part of the family, protector, and friend, with the added bonus of being low-maintenance, then the Doberman pinscher is certainly an extremely good option.


[] French Bulldog




[] History & Origin


Also known as Frenchies, or by the grander Bouledogue Francais, the French Bulldog with its wrinkly face makes a great companion dog and general family pet. Although they are sometimes stubborn in nature, their intelligence and eagerness to please, make these puppies a wonderful addition to any family.


Contrary to popular belief, the French Bulldog did not have its origins in France, but in Britain. It is believed the breeders of the British Bulldog would cull any undersized dogs, or give them away. In so doing, these smaller dogs came into possession of the working class, where they thrived in the cramped living conditions of the day. The fact that they were excellent ratters added to their popularity, as rat infestations were common during the industrial revolution.


The breed made its way to France due to British lace makers who took their small pets with them when they made their way to the French coastal towns in Normandy, where the dogs thrived and became very popular.


Their popularity saw many of them becoming owned by ladies of the night in Paris, and the paintings where they feature prominently attest to this. It was also during this period that they coined the name “French Bulldog” or the more popular “Frenchie”.


Many of these dogs were also smuggled aboard ships by sailors, as they do not need much space to thrive, rather relying on their companions for their entertainment and stimulation. Its small size made it imminently suitable for live aboard ship, and its ratting ability was a plus point.


The breed was discovered by American tourists and taken back home across the Atlantic, where the French Bulldog Club of America was formed, and show standards were set for this lovable breed.


Today, the Bouledogue Francais, although still a distant cousin of the British Bulldog, has come into its own as a breed apart and is judged according to strict guidelines and standards. For a little dog that started out being the runt, their huge hearts and temperament have secured them a place as one of the most popular and sought after toy breeds.


[] Personality – Temperament


Be careful before deciding to bring home a French Bulldog puppy, and make sure you know all about this breed. This is a toy dog with an extremely large personality, and it is not afraid of letting you know it! If you are not around to give it the special attention it needs, the Frenchie is not for you!


Your puppy may not be the prettiest dog around, but beauty is only skin deep, and its scrunched up little wriggly face has its own appeal.


Its size makes it the ideal companion dog and it loves nothing more than sleeping on its devoted owners lap. This does not in any way make it unsuitable as a household pet, as it adores children and playing with them.


It is an excellent pet for those living in a small space, as it does not need large outside areas to romp in. As long as they get enough exercise and play time, they are happy – and they love playing fetch, so be sure to have a small ball for them to run after. These puppies tend to be a little obstinate at times, and do not do very well with regards to agility training or obedience competitions, and if they decide on the day they wont do it, there is no way of making them change their minds.


Human contact for these pups, however, is essential, so they do not make the ideal outdoor pet although they thrive equally well in a small as well as larger environment.  To this end, they are excellent little guard dogs and extremely protective, so much so that they will try to defend their loved ones with their lives.


These little dogs form a deep, abiding bond with their person and will slavishly follow them around, lying at their feet or snuggled on their lap, worshipping the object of their affection. This goes to prove that beauty is not what is seen on the outside, but what comes from within.


In a nutshell, the breed can be described as alert, affectionate, curious, sweet, playful and easygoing. It does well with other animals and strangers, has an obstinate streak at times that could drive you to distraction while at the same time it is a protector par excellence.


Oh, and they slobber and snore too and have a gas problem.


[] Care


A Frenchie is an incredibly easy dog to care for, due to its small size, coat, tendency to be indoors most of the time, and relatively clean habits. They do tend to be chewy while young, however, and will mouth any- and everything, including your most expensive pair of shoes to your lounge carpet.  It is, therefore, an excellent idea to give him his own toys to chew on, while spraying everything else with a bitter spray in order to deter him.


[] Nutrition and Feeding


Undeniably, the best food to feed you little Frenchie is a real food protein diet, which includes beef, fish, chicken, etc. as well as different fruit and vegetables and the occasional egg.


In general, though, whatever food you choose to feed your puppy should be high in protein and contain the essential vitamins, minerals, and fats needed to ensure proper growth and health.


A puppy, up to about 12 weeks of age, usually eats three or four times a day, but this can be cut down to twice daily later, which would be the recommended norm. Advice to keep in mind is that smaller, chunkier breeds such as the Frenchie need to be on a lower calorie diet due to problems they could encounter associated with being overweight – never show love by means of food. Shower it with affection instead.


Smaller dogs tend to become adults at a younger age than larger breeds, and you Frenchie will be fully grown by the time he reaches the ripe old age of twelve months, by which time he should be consuming balanced meals aimed at adult dogs.


With regard to adults, the amount of food depends on the dogs activity levels and age, and the food brands recommendations should be taken into account with regards to this. Real food, however, is always to be recommended, no matter what breed or size the dog.


[]Coat and Grooming


Adult French Bulldogs are quite small, standing at only 11 to 12 inches tall. The males weigh in at 20 – 28 pounds, while the females are slightly lighter, at 16 – 24 pounds on average.


Although small, they are stocky in stature and have a short coat that is extremely easy to care for. They come in a variety of colors and blends, ranging from white, black, tan, and any possible combination thereof.


They need to be brushed occasionally but are not heavy shedders and bathed approximately once a month. Grooming should start at an early age.


Care should be taken to check the puppy for any flaky spots or flaky skin, as it could be signs of a skin infection while the ears should also be checked regularly. Baby oil on a cotton ball can be used to clean out their ears periodically, although if you get any bad odors, it is best to consult a veterinarian as this could be an indication of a looming ear infection.


Because they are dogs that are inside the home more often than what they are outside, their nails do not get a chance to wear down and need to be clipped regularly. Ingrown or torn nails can cause your pet much pain and run up the vet bills quickly.




Being small and low-impact dogs, they do not need much exercise (a fifteen minute walk a day is perfect). They are the ideal companion for someone who prefers a more sedentary lifestyle.


Due to their short, pushed in snouts, they tend to be susceptible to heat and overheating, so they need to constantly be kept in a cool environment. They can easily die due to heat exhaustion and dehydration, even when there is more than enough water available. If you puppy overheats, it needs to be cooled down immediately. This is ideally done by wrapping it in cool, wet towels or holding it in cold water until the signs of over-overheating (high temperature, struggle breathing properly), has passed. There is no reason, however, why you cannot play indoor games with your dog while keeping an eye on him or taking him for a walk in the coolness of the morning or late afternoon.


Training, due to the dogs obstinate nature, should begin at a young age and should be consistent. If trained while young with regards to what is considered acceptable and unacceptable behavior, you present visitors with a dog that knows its place and who will not take to take over when people come visiting.


These dogs need to be trained the right way, and to this end, should not learn only to obey when given a doggy treat as a reward. It needs to obey you all the time!


French bulldog puppies take particularly well to crate training, which, if done properly, not only teaches them that it is a safe place but also teaches it where the boundaries are drawn and when and where to do its business! Your dog needs to be introduced to his crate slowly, though, and patience on the side of the owner is important if you want an obedient, loving family dog and companion for (its) life.




Each breed has certain inherent health issues, and the Frenchie is no different.


Frenchies are known to sometimes have Von WIllebrands Disease which is similar to hemophilia in humans (a blood clotting problem), as well as thyroid problems.


Their backs may pose a problem at some stage. This is thought to be due to the fact that they were bred from the runts of the litters of English Bulldogs and thus have a more inferior gene pool. This, however, is still up for debate.


The main problem(s) experienced with French Bulldogs has to do with the build of their snouts. This often leads to birth defects such as a cleft palate which, more often than not, cannot be corrected by means of surgery. A cleft palate has complications associated with it, such as breathing problems that can cause the dog to pass out, especially after exercise.


Their short, compact airway also makes it incredibly difficult for them to regulate their temperatures, and the breed is prone to overheating. If your dog is suffering from heat exhaustion, it needs to be cooled down immediately, usually by wrapping cool wet towels around its neck and dunking it into some cool water until its temperature has dropped to normal. Failure to do so could possibly result in death.


Because of the possible genetic birth defects associated with French Bulldogs, it is thus imperative that you only consider purchasing your puppy from a reputable breeder with an excellent reputation, and that you know the history of both the dogs parents bloodlines.


The Frenchie, although comical in looks and behavior at times, is an excellent companion dog. It is loving, kind, devoted and a real clown when it wants to be. Excellent with children, it never knows when to stop, and as such, it is your responsibility as its owner to determine when play time is over in order to ensure your dog does not over-exert itself. It is an excellent dog for someone who is a couch potato, as it loves nothing more than snuggling on your lap, getting its just due while you stroke and pamper him and tell him just how wonderful he really is. Treat him right, and he will not only adore you its whole life long but be willing to give up its life for you if he ever thought you were threatened.


[] German Shepherd


[] []


[] History & Origin


Originally called the Deutscher Schäferhund, this versatile breed has a relatively short, yet interesting history.


The first German Shepherds were nothing like the breed we know and love today. They tended to have a short-haired, rough coat, with a rather short tail and were nothing remarkable to look at. The stately German Shepherd of today only made its appearance around the time of World War II.


It was an ex-cavalry officer, Max von Stephanitz, who wanted to create a dog that was versatile, primarily a herding dog, in essence, a working dog with great stamina. The dog also needed to be exceedingly intelligent and obedient, a protector, yet friendly. It was a tall order, but he succeeded admirably.


The first German Shepherds were exported to the USA in 1906, and has, since then, gained immense popularity, not only as a family pet but also as a working dog, as it is a firm favorite of the different branches of the armed forces as well as the police.


 These dogs, in the UK, are often referred to as Alsatians, primarily because they were first bred in Alsace, France, which at the time was a part of Germany. The English, at the time, were wary of anything termed German (due to the two World Wars), and the name has seemed to stick.


Todays German Shepherds can have either a longer coat or the shorter, thicker variety. They are still the same breed.


[] Personality – Temperament


The breed has a distinct personality marked by direct and fearless, but not hostile, expression, self-confidence and a certain aloofness that does not lend itself to immediate and indiscriminate friendships. The dog must be approachable, quietly standing its ground and showing confidence and willingness to meet overtures without itself making them. It is poised, but when the occasion demands, eager and alert; both fit and willing to serve in its capacity as companion, watchdog, blind leader, herding dog, or guardian, whichever the circumstances may demand.


Although the German Shepherd Dog may be known as an excellent guide dog, a service dog, and valued for its intelligence, strength, tenacity, focus and absolute loyalty, they are also great guard dogs and family pets. They are extremely loyal to their families and excellent with children, and each has its own, distinctive personality.


They are extremely confident dogs, yet fearless in the face of danger. In short, it is a dog breed that could be termed a general all-rounder that, once it has befriended you, gifts you with its life-long devotion.  


These days, however, these dogs, due to their inherent nature and intelligence, have certain breeders purposely breeding certain temperaments into them, such as what is considered needed for guard dogs. In this case, they can often be found to be extremely bad-tempered and dangerous, as they may be specifically bred for attack and protection purposes. Generally speaking, though, these dogs may have personalities ranging from those that are extremely intelligent and willing to learn, to really dopey individuals that would rather play fetch with the kids and snooze in the sun. It is, therefore, always a good idea to do some research on your breeder before acquiring a puppy. Their protective yet general good nature makes them a good addition to the family, as they double up as both the family guard dog and lovable pet.


[] Care


Keenly intelligent, these dogs take well to obedience training and learning tricks, although their constant shedding might not make them everyones perfect pet of choice. They do, however, need to be kept cool, especially in warmer climates, and need a shady spot to rest in while outside.


These dogs need a lot of attention and like to be close to their family. They need a lot of mental stimulation otherwise they get bored and can become extremely destructive – something nobody wants.


[] Nutrition and Feeding


German Shepherd puppies tend to grow quite quickly, especially between the ages of four to seven months, and care should be taken not to over feed them and to keep them on a low-calorie diet as they are often susceptible to bone disorders.  


The quantity of food, as a dog gets older, however, may vary, and depends on factors such as activity level, build, metabolism, age, and size. Generally speaking, they need to be fed twice daily, with a good quality dog food.


German Shepherds also tend to thrive on a home-food diet . Typically these would be meals consisting of meat. Dogs that are fed this diet tend to have much fewer health problems such as, for example, bloating. Additionally, the high protein content found in meaty bones, muscle- and organ meat, contributes to the general health of your dog. Adding vegetable to their diet (never give them macadamia nuts, onions, garlic, chocolate, tomatoes or avocados as all are poisonous to dogs) helps with digestion and adds additional nutritional value.


Most commercial dog foods have all kinds of additives, and not all of them are really good for your dogs general well-being.


Besides the right kind and correct quantity of food, this breed needs an abundance of fresh water at all times. Their thick coats make them prone to overheating and dehydration, especially during the summer months or in warmer climates; therefore, besides water, they also need a shady spot in the garden if they are outside.


[]Coat and Grooming


These are not overly-large dogs, being more of a medium size, and were originally bred to be herders; they thus had to be able to be carried by their owners, as and when needed.


Generally speaking, a German Shepherd weighs in between 75 – 95 pounds, with the males being larger in stature. Males range in height from 24-26 inches, while females are slightly smaller, at 22-24 inches.


Their coats can vary in color, and can be anything from the more common black/tan, to black, red or white, although white is not allowed in the US show ring, as it is considered a fault. The lengths of the coats also differ, ranging from long- to short haired. They also usually have a double coat, with the outer coat being longer and quite stiff, while the inner coat, which tends to keep in heat, is short and soft. It is also noticeably that the coat at their neck area is longer and thicker, which could perhaps be for the protection of this sensitive area.


These dogs are exceptionally easy to care for and do not need an inordinate amount of grooming. They tend to be shedders, however, so regular brushing is important to keep their coat in great condition while a monthly bath should take care of any smells. Their nails also need checking on occasion, as long nails that grow in can cause much pain.




Due to its being a slow-maturing breed, German Shepherds have a very long puppy life and need kind yet firm discipline right from the start, as well as a secure environment. They are energetic, and love running around and exploring, as they need lots exercise, especially while growing (but never over-exert them at this stage). To this end, they would need a big yard without any discernable obstacles. Alternatively, regular walks and running in a dog-friendly environment is adequate. They also like nothing more than having another dog to play with, which helps with additional as they play while ensuring they do not get bored. Isolation is the worst thing imaginable for these extremely sociable dogs.


Training, with these dogs, should be accompanied by play, as much of their bad behavior is due to boredom, and should be started at a young age with walks to encourage socialization with other dogs as well as people. It is also extremely important that you never yell at a puppy, as an abused dog tends to end up being more aggressive when it is an adult. Establishing yourself as the alpha, i.e. the leader of the pack gives the dog a sense of security once it knows its status in the pack hierarchy.


These dogs training can be started at approximately eight weeks of age with obedience classes, as it loves learning and the training gives it something to look forward to.


As the dog matures, more formal training classes could be considered.


Being a versatile working dog with, generally speaking, excellent temperaments, German Shepherds are extremely successful in different sports, jobs and activities. They are excellent military dogs and excel at search and rescue, detection (narcotics, arson, human remains and bombs), as police dogs, airport dogs, guard dogs and therapy dogs.


They like nothing more than an active lifestyle, and will often be with their owners while walking, jogging, hiking, swimming, and, of course, playing fetch.


Just like humans, however, your dog needs some me time, especially if it has a very active lifestyle. It is thus essential that it gets at an hours rest each day, where it gets the chance to relax, chill out, or just snooze if it wishes. They can also get stressed out by too much activity, so a time-out is very important.


As a puppy, a German Shepherd loves cuddling, and will love nothing more than trying to sleep on your bed! This should be discouraged, however, especially as the dog, as an adult, could be quite large. A puppy would, therefore, benefit by having its own sleeping arrangements, with perhaps a cuddly toy to take the place of its litter mates. An older dog, however, would need a safe space that is quiet, well-ventilated, and which is free from household traffic.




A healthy German Shepherd can live up to 15 years, but there are a number of hereditary problems that may turn up. It is therefore extremely important that, when purchasing a puppy, you ensure it is from a breeder that is in good standing. You therefore need to do your homework.


Bloat or gastric torsion


This is a common life-threatening condition encountered in a number of larger dog breeds. The chances of your dog developing it are minimized if you feed your dog two wet (either wet food or dried food that has had water added) meals per day as opposed to one large one. Like most larger breed dogs, German Shepherds gobble their food if they are hungry, which leads to them swallowing a lot of air and potentially get bloated.


Hip dysplasia


This is quite a common hereditary condition in many larger breeds. It usually affects shoulder and elbow joints and can often be prevented by limiting exercise during the first six months of a dogs life.


Pancreatic insufficiency


A disease where the dog is unable to digest its food correctly, leading to it becoming extremely thin while it has a huge appetite, it requires lifelong treatment.




Epilepsy is quite common in this breed but can be controlled by means of the correct medication.


Hemophilia A


A blood clotting problem that is sometimes found in males dogs, it can lead to uncontrolled bleeding. Although males are affected, the bitches are the carriers.




Much like multiple sclerosis, it is a progressive paralysis in the dogs hind legs and usually starts when it is middle aged. No treatment is available.


Anal furunculosis


The cause is unknown, but the symptoms show as a deep infection around the dogs anal area. It is a condition that is recurrent in nature, but can be treated surgically or by means of cyclosporine which is expensive.


Although an extremely robust dog, and long-lived, the breed, like any other, is prone to certain kinds of illnesses. A healthy dog, however, that is well cared for, well fed, and that has adequate exercise and stimulation, would not necessarily ever develop any of the symptoms mentions.


Due to its excellent nature, intelligence, willingness to learn and please, this dog is a general all-rounder, fitting into most scenarios such as family pet and working dog. It thrives on challenges and needs an owner that is willing to supply them.


[] Golden Retriever




[] History & Origin


Also known as The Golden, Golden Retrievers are among the most loving canine breeds. Known for their cheerful, loyal and care-free personality, the dog makes a perfect companion for anybody who likes to spend a lot of time outside. This dog breed is famous for its intelligence and skillful hunting abilities, making them easy to train.


Previously, it was assumed that the Golden Retrievers had descended from Russian sheepdogs, purchased from a circus but the truth is these dog breeds were first bred in Scotland during the late 1800s under the supervision of Lord Tweedmouth.


Passionate about Waterfowl hunting, Tweedmouth wished to breed a dog that would serve as an excellent hunting companion. Waterhowl hunting was immensely popular during that time but there were not many energetic breeds that could retrieve the game in both land and water. Thus the best water spaniels were cross-bred with the existing Retriever, to create the new terrific breed called Golden Retriever.


The cross-breeding was conducted between a Tweed Water Spaniel and a Retriever named Nous. Ever since, the Golden Retriever is widely known for its profound hunting skills in the field.


[] Personality – Temperament


The Golden Retriever is among the most popular dog breeds in the US because of their friendly attitude. The Golden Retriever is a classic family pet. These furry creatures love being surrounded by the company of their caregivers. Rest assured, they are also great with kids and are not bothered by the noise and commotion of young children, and in fact this dog breed loves kids and is even kind to strangers.


However, like any other puppy, a Golden Retriever will require early socialization. Take your puppy out for walks regularly and expose them to different surroundings. This will help them grow into a well-rounded dog. Golden Retrievers mingle well with other dogs and cats or any other pets you may have. They are known for their high level of sociability towards the outdoors and their curiosity to learn and train.


Golden Retrievers are [+ amiable and intelligent dogs+] who are eager to please their owners. While these puppies can grow up to be great watchdogs, they make really lousy guard dogs because they love people far too much. Golden Retrievers are obedient, making them a favorite among dog owners. This breed is suited for large families and thrives on companionship.


If left alone for too long, these dogs feel isolated and may even develop separation anxiety, especially without proper exercise. Separation anxiety may lead to destructive chewing. According to authoritative sources, even well-adjusted Golden Retriever puppies can grow up to be big chewers so provide your furry friend with tons of chew toys or else guard all your valuable possessions and other household items.


[] Care


Golden Retrievers are energetic and lively dogs loved by all. To ensure your new puppy leads a cheerful and healthy life, it is imperative you learn to take proper care of the dog.


[] Nutrition and Feeding


Golden Retrievers have to be fed about 2 to 3 cups of high quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. However, it should be noted that just like humans, how much your dog eats depends on his age, build, metabolism, activity level and size. Undoubtedly, a highly energetic and active dog will need more food as opposed to an unhealthy couch potato or an aged dog. Feed your dog quality dry food as it will significantly impact their health. The better the dog food, and the more nourishment your dog will get. Poor quality dog food may cause your dog to fall ill and may result in bowel trouble.


Encourage good eating habits by measuring your dogs food and feeding him twice a day rather than just simply leaving out food all the time. A Golden Retriever puppy grows up rapidly, making them susceptible to a number of bone disorders. These puppies require a highly nutritious, high-quality, low calorie diet to prevent them from growing up too fast. If you are unsure about your dog being overweight, contact your vet and get your puppy an appointment. Overeating may result in harmful disorders and also cause mobility problems.


[]Coat and Grooming


You cannot take proper care of your canine if you undermine their furriness. Golden Retrievers are furry dogs with dense, thick hair. Their coats can be found in almost all shades of Golden and may differ in texture. While some Golden Retrievers have thick wavy coats, others have straight coats.




Dogs require proper grooming, or else their hair may tangle into knots. If you find your dog itching and scratching, look for fleas and find a way to eliminate them by using a flea comb or specialized dog shampoo. Like, other dogs, Gold Retrievers also shed hair. Rest assured, these furry pals are worth the trouble with their friendly and calm demeanor. Because of their thick coats, a Golden Retriever requires adequate amount of grooming.




As far as bathing its concerned, wash your pet at least once a month or more so their coats look shiny and clean.


Nail Trimming


Nail trimming is imperative for proper grooming, not just for humans but for canines too. Trim your puppys nails at least twice a month, or more often if deemed necessary. Most dog owners fear trimming their dogs nails because they are scared of hurting them. Here are some [+ precautionary measures+] you should take:


Use small clippers for better control. Only larger dogs would require large nail clippers


Sharpen the clippers regularly for better results


Only file the insensitive nail around the top sides and edges of the quick because unlike humans, dogs nails have blood vessels in them, so if you are not careful and cut too far, it can cause bleeding.


Not being careful while trimming your dogs nails might cause them to become uncooperative the next time. If you still fear hurting your dog, visit a vet for a few pointers.


Dogs, such as Golden Retrievers, with fold-over ears are prone to ear infections. Fold over ears create a warm and dark environment, ideal for the growth of bacteria and fungi. Signs of infections and bacterial contamination include bad odor and redness. Prevent infections by wiping your dogs ears with a cotton ball dipped in a gentle, pH balanced ear cleaner to prevent infections in the future. Do not insert anything in the ear canal. Rather just clean the outer ear.




Golden Retriever would require more exercise as compared to a calm older dog of the same breed. Keeping that in mind, Golden Retrievers love the outdoors and are made for action so if you enjoy hiking and spending time outdoors, the Golden Retriever is the perfect companion for you.


Most dogs require up to 30 minutes of daily exercise to stay happy and fit. Not taking your dog out for regular walks may cause them to become irritable and can result in behavioral problems in the future. In addition, Golden Retrievers are prone to bone disorders hence do not allow your pet to play on hard surfaces and pavements until their joints have completely developed and they have grown into healthy adults. Golden Retrievers enjoy play time so spend time tossing around a ball to keep your pet healthy and happy.




Like all dog breeds, Golden Retrievers are generally healthy pets but unfortunately this breed is prone to a number of health conditions. This does not mean every Golden Retriever will develop the following diseases but it is important for you to be aware of them if you are considering adopting this breed.


To prevent these diseases, contact a reputable breeder when buying a puppy who will provide you the necessary health clearances. Most diseases are genetic and a health clearance ensures the puppy has been tested or vaccinated for a particular condition. There are numerous websites where you can clear particular conditions. According to Dog Time, Golden Retrievers are prone to the following diseases:


Hip Dysplasia


[+ Hip Dysplasia+] is a common heritable condition among dogs in which the thigh bone fails to fit snuggly in to the hip joint. Unfortunately, the diseases cannot be identified easily and you may not be able to notice any signs of discomfort in your dog. Most dogs show pain or lameness on one of both rear legs. In addition, hip dysplasia can pave the way to other bone related disorders, such as arthritis, in older dogs.




According to credible sources, this is a condition that is also common in humans. Cataracts are categorized by cloudy spots on the eye lens though it does not always cause your dogs eyesight to deteriorate. However, some cases may lead to severe vision loss. Before adopting a puppy, find a reputable breeder and ensure the puppy is clear of hereditary eye disease. Cataracts are likely to develop in old age. Fortunately, the condition can be treated surgically with good results.


Von Willebrands Disease


Von Willebrands disease is an inherited blood disorder that affects the bloods ability to clot. Unfortunately, Golden retrievers are prone to this dangerous disease. The main symptom of this disease includes excessive bleeding after an injury. If you notice any symptoms related to bleeding, such as bleeding gums or nose bleeds, take your dog to the vet immediately.


Unfortunately, there is no cure for this disease. However, your dog can receive a blood transfusion for treatment. Most dogs with this disease can live normal lives. You just have to be extra careful with them and keep them out of harms way as much as possible.


Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus


As mentioned earlier, promote healthy eating habits for your dog and only buy quality dog food to prevent your dog from developing harmful and life threatening diseases. Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus, commonly known as bloating, is a life threatening condition, common in large, deep chested dogs, such as an adult Golden Retriever. To prevent this life threatening condition, feed your dog multiple small meals as opposed to a large meal every day.


Bad eating habits, gulping down large amounts of water and eating rapidly can result in Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus. Bloating occurs when your dog is unable to get rid of excessive gas which may have built up inside. In such cases, the dog is unable to vomit, causing the excess air in the stomach to affect the blood flow to the heart. This causes the dogs blood pressure to immediately drop, if not treated immediately, the dog can die. Common symptoms of Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus include drooling excessively, lethargy and even depression.




Like other dogs, Golden Retrievers can be susceptible to a number of allergies, ranging from food to pollen. If your dog has become irritable, has started licking their paws excessively or rub their face a great deal, take them to the vet for a checkup.




Epilepsy is a neurological disorder common in both humans and canines. The condition causes periodic seizures and convulsions. Epileptic attacks may involve a loss of consciousness, though not always. A seizure should not last more than five minutes, if in case it does, contact the vet immediately or take your pet to the emergency center at once. For proper treatment, take your dog to the vet to know how severe the seizures are.


Now that you have enough information about Golden Retrievers, you will be able to give your new pet the home they deserve. Remember, these dogs thrive on the company and attention of their owners and are best suited for large and active families, preferably families with kids and other pets. So, if you have a hectic schedule and cannot dedicate time to your pet, opt for a breed that is more independent. Golden Retrievers are lovable dogs and make the perfect companion for dog owners who enjoy hunting or spending time outdoors. Bring home a golden retriever and you will certainly not regret it.


[] Labrador Retriever




[] History & Origin


The Labrador is one of the most popular dog breeds out there. When you see the name, you might think that it comes from Labrador, Canada, but this is not so. It has its origins in Newfoundland and got that name by default.


Although the breed is officially a Sporting dog, it is so much more! They were originally used to help hunters flush out game birds while fetching ones that had been shot, and were also a handy help when fishing. They would often accompany fishermen who went out in their small boats, jumping over the side to get a fish that might have slipped off the hook. Because of its, size, this amazing dog was very easy to haul back into the boat! Besides these abilities as a sporting dog, it had a wonderful temperament, and once back from a days hard work, would quite happily play with the familys children. It was an all-rounder.


As to the dogs breeding history, there is much left to speculation. It is believed that the forerunners of todays Labrador were a mixture of breeds, most notably European pointer breeds, water dogs from Portugal, the French St. Hubert hound, with possibly a good dose of native Canadian dogs added into the mix. This is quite possible, as Newfoundland was a melting pot of different cultures, with many visiting the area for trade.


Whatever the ancestral combination, however, the end result is an amazing all-rounder.


Labradors have been called by different names, e.g. St. Johns dog, Newfoundland Dog, Black Water Dog, English Retriever, and many more. The first one to coin the name Labrador for this breed was the Earl of Malmesbury. This was back in 1887, and seems to be the name that has stuck.


This wonderful family pet and working dog has its origin in Newfoundland, Canada. From there, it was imported to Britain and other parts of the world. Although it was first used as a hunting companion, its affable personality has resulted in it becoming one of the most sought after family pets around


[] Personality – Temperament


A Labrador loves being active and activities should cater to this inherent need. They love throwing games, where they need to retrieve a ball, as well as swimming. This is a dog that needs an [+ active lifestyle+] – they tend to get into trouble when subject to too long periods of inactivity, and may end up chewing up your favorite pair of shoes (keeping a box of chewable toys handy is a good idea)!


An incredibly intelligent breed, the Labradors willingness to learn, please and work makes it imminently suitable for different tasks, and they excel as working dogs with regards to those with special needs (you often see them as companions to the blind) and in the armed forces. They tend to be friendly with everyone but tend to think about whom they are affectionate with. Their family always comes first!


They can be stubborn at times, and need a firm, yet gentle hand. They do not take well to any form of harsh discipline, as they are gentle souls at heart.


The get along extremely well with children of all ages, are very kind, and take new situations in their stride. They do, however, tend to age slowly, so be prepared to have a doggy teenager around for quite some time.


[] Care


Labradors are, generally speaking, an easy breed to care for. Their physical needs are few and quite easily accomplished


[] Nutrition and Feeding


A Labrador can thrive on [+ much the same type of diet as a human+]. This means that besides meat, fish and poultry, your new puppy can be fed vegetables and fruit as well. Adding carrots, beans, peas and brown rice to his diet, therefore is recommended. It is not, however, recommended that you feed your dog raw onion and garlic, avocado, or chocolate, as they can make him very ill indeed!


When it comes to commercial dog food, [+ please make sure you have acquainted yourself with your puppys nutritional needs+] at all stages of his growth. A puppys needs are not the same as, for example, a more mature, older dog. Also make sure that you feed your dog a high quality dog food, as the filler that are found in the cheaper, more popular varieties add no nutritional value to your puppys diet whatsoever. They only leave him feeling full.


A puppy would, typically, eat three to four smaller meals per day. By the time he is six months old, however, he should be eating two larger meals a day, morning and evening.


Because of their thick undercoats, and the fact they need a lot of exercise (they are prone to obesity otherwise), they can quite easily dehydrate. A plentiful supply of fresh water s thus essential!


The amount of food you feed your adult dog, depends on his lifestyle. Where they lead an active lifestyle, they would, obviously, need more food than for example an older dog that leads a more sedentary lifestyle.


[]Coat and Grooming


A medium-sized breed, the Labrador makes the perfect pet for those with young families or who live in smaller homes. Just so long as they get their exercise time in, they are happy. Males, at their withers, are between 22.5 and 24.5 inches and weigh in at between 65 to 80 pounds. Females are smaller, standing at 21.5 to 23.5 inches while weighing in at 55 to 70 pounds.


Their coat is thick and dense, a testament to their place of origin. They have, in fact, a [+ double coat+], with the top coat that is short, straight and thick, while the undercoat tends to be soft and resistant to the weather. While it serves to insulate them against the cold, it also prevents them from getting too wet while frolicking in icy water.


Most commonly, Labradors are black, although chocolate and golden coats are often seen. In an effort to rid the breed of its golden and chocolate genes, puppies were often culled, but these days, all three colors are acceptable. Some people to this day, though, still prefer black Labradors.


Due to the thickness of the coat and its ability to shrug off water, the dog can easily overheat in warm weather. To keep your pup happy, it would be up to you as his human to see to it that he gets plenty of rest and water during the heat of the day.


Because they have short coats, you dont need to do much to make them feel or look better. In summer, however, it is advisable to brush them once or twice a week as they tend to shed. Bathing is not advised more than two to three times a year (your nose will tell you when it is necessary) as too much washing will strip their coats of the natural oils needed to protect the dog against the cold and rain.


Clipping their nails is fine, and they have no problem being subjected to an [+ occasional pedicure+]! Dogs that go for long walks on concrete pavements, though, tend to have their nails filed down quite naturally, so more often than not do not need this kind of treatment.


It is a good idea to check the insides of their ears frequently. As is the case with all dogs that tend to have floppy ears, they tend to become the breeding ground for all kinds of bacteria. They take quite well to having their teeth brushed.




As these are dogs that enjoy being active, walks are encouraged as well as ball-fetching games and swimming. This will use up the pent-up energy while keeping him happy. It is not uncommon for them to run to the door when the doorbell rings, wagging their tail, slipping and sliding all over the floor, and knocking things down in order to greet the newcomer. It is their nature to be friendly and rambunctious, especially while young. Remember, these dogs were bred to be working dogs.


Unless you like sharing your bed with a substantial canine companion, it is a good idea to get your dog its own bed. As Labradors enjoy chewing, getting a large sleeping pillow that is extra-durable is a good idea. They like a relatively peaceful area they can call their own, so somewhere less-traversed by everyone in the family is a great option. Like humans, they seem to like their private time too, and giving them this when considering their sleeping arrangements is an excellent choice.


Training your Labrador pup is extremely important. They are frisky dogs, take long to mature, and are extremely independent.


Just like human babies, pups are not born knowing the rules, and it is your responsibility, as the owner and pack leader, to teach your pup the rules and ensure he follows them. A dog that knows the rules knows that no begging is allowed at the table, where he should do his business, and what is and is not allowed inside the home. Rules give him confidence, as he knows what his boundaries are, and as they love pleasing people, he will follow them. The trick is in teaching the rules!


The first point of rule is usually housetraining your puppy. There are different ways in which this is done, a popular method being [+ crate training+]. Whichever method you choose, though, rewarding a dog for good behavior is important.


It is a great idea to get your puppy started on training as quickly as possible, and there are many puppy training schools that give excellent guidance. Once the basics are mastered, they could go on to more advanced training classes.


Nobody likes a dog that is ill-behaved, jumps all over people, pulls on his leash, chews on everything, or is generally seen as being a nuisance. Luckily, these intelligent creatures are quick learners, and with a little perseverance, they soon became a well-adjusted member of the family.


No matter how old a Labrador is, it needs exercise in order to stay healthy. What varies, though, is how much activity the dog needs.


A young puppy, for instance, will try and keep up with young children, if you have them. You need to keep an eye on the dog, though, because too much exercise at such a young age can over-tire them and could cause damage to their joints.


Up to the age of three months, though, a good guide to follow, as set out by the [+ UK Kennel Club+], is five minutes of exercise twice daily per month of age. Once your pet is fully grown, of course, they can have much more exercise.


Because Labradors are such an incredibly high energy breed and were initially bred for physical labor, they crave physical activity. In order to have a happy dog, these needs must be met. Some great activities for these dogs are hiking, swimming and running. If you do not find some way whereby they can get rid all their energy, they may end up finding their own way to do so, often with devastating consequences.




Just like other breeds, there are a few health problems that could possibly arise with your pet. By keeping an eye on his health, and taking action as soon as you spot something, you can make sure your dog has a long and healthy life.


Health problems most commonly associated with Labrador Retrievers:


Ear infections:


Because they have floppy ears that cover their ear canal, their ears tend to be the perfect breeding ground for infections. The best way to clean them is by using a cotton ball and water. Doggy ear wash can also be bought from most veterinarians. If you get a bad smell from your dogs ear(s), get him to a vet as soon as possible.


Laryngeal paralysis:


This is a condition that is predominantly found in older dogs. It is an illness that paralysis their voice box and often results in labored breathing or continuous tiredness. As it could be life-threatening, it is always advisable to consult a veterinarian if this occurs.


Stomach problems:


Unfortunately, these dogs like eating almost as much as they like to exercise, and will often scavenge on their walks. This could lead to all kinds of stomach problems, so keeping an eye on his eating habits is important.


Swim tail:


Labradors are natural swimmers and love nothing more than being in the water. They use their tails like rubbers and in order to stabilize themselves, but overuse can cause it to become sore and swollen. This is not a life-threatening situation, however, and can soon be fixed with some rest, although some veterinarians might prescribe medication for the inflammation.


[+ Hip Dysplasia+]


Labradors, much like other medium or larger breeds, can get hip dysplasia. It is a genetic condition, but can be treated by means of medication or even an operation, these being highly successful. Dogs that are overweight and that have this condition should lose weight, as being overweight compounds the problem.


Labradors, on the whole, are lovable, intelligent, frisky dogs that are an excellent addition to any family. With the proper care and attention, they can live long, healthy lives as part of their family.


[] Maltese




[] History & Origin


Although called a Maltese, this breed did not originate in Malta. It is believed that the forerunners of todays little Maltese actually made their way to Malta from the Middle East, and they were bartered in order to get necessary supplies for explorers. Although they were interbred with other dogs in order to reduce their size, they were not only pretty to look at but were actually hunting dogs. As they gained popularity, however, breeding began in earnest, with their size continuously decreasing, until the small Maltese that is so popular today finally came about.


They have a long and illustrious history, being a firm favorite with the Romans, Egyptians, and finally, British aristocracy as well. Ancient Romans and Egyptians thought these small dogs had healing powers, and they would often be placed on someone who was ills chest or pillow. With their small, warm little bodies, they provided comfort to the ill, and one of their names came about because of this, i.e. Comforter or Comfort Dog.


They were brought to Great Britain sometime during Henry VIIs reign, as was a favorite of Queen Elizabeth I. Ladies at court would carry them around with them while walking, and even sleep with them. This habit of sleeping with its owners seems to have been inbred with the Maltese, as it loves nothing more than snuggling up in bed with its owners.


It is believed the first Maltese poodles set foot on American soil towards the end of the 1800s. The breed has gained in popularity ever since.


The Maltese are a true aristocrat in the canine world, tracing their ancestry back for almost three thousand years. It has been the pampered pet of royalty in a number of countries, and is, today, the pampered pet in many a household.


[] Personality – Temperament


Your new puppy is going to grow up to be a real little charmer. They adore receiving attention and will not hesitate to let you know this, although they give it back by the buckets full. Maltese tend to be gentle souls that are eager to please their loved ones.


Do not let their gentle manner fool you, however, as this little dog can be quite a ferocious little guard dog who is not scared in the least to show its mettle while defending their loved one! Their easy-going nature may fool one into believing they are nothing but four-legged babies, but if the situation warrants it, they will let you know if all is not right.


Your Maltese needs some independence, however, and time for play and exercise. Despite being small and laid-back, they need to get rid of their pent-up energy as well.


They take well to apartment living as they are not in need of a large yard to run around in, although daily walks are essential in order to keep them fit and healthy.   


Your puppy could get separation anxiety if separated from you for too long as they enjoy being around people and hate being apart from their owners. Because of this, they are better suited as pets where someone is home the whole day, or as the companion of an older person.


Spoiling your puppy is not recommended at all as they tend to develop a bratty personality. This ends in a dog that is not liked by all. Training your puppy correctly from the start, however, will ensure you get the gorgeous, loving dog so many people have spoken about – and they are excellent with children!


[] Care


Although your new puppy is laid-back and easy-going, it is a high maintenance dog that is going to need a lot of attention to keep it looking and feeling good. With a little dedication and effort, however, this would not pose too large an obstacle, keeping in mind that these are indoor dogs.


This breed, if cared for properly will be a part of your life for quite some time as the average lifespan is between 12 and 14 years.


They may love children but are not recommended for families with small children because they can easily get hurt. They are built quite delicately.


[] Nutrition and Feeding


Because they are such a small breed they do not eat very much, and investing in a good quality dog food is therefore not such an expensive exercise as it could turn out to be with a large breed of dog.


The amount of food a Maltese eats depends on a number of factors such as age and size. As older dogs tend to be less active, their diets need to be adjusted accordingly.


As a puppy, i.e. the first two years, the proper diet is of the utmost importance so as to assure proper growth and optimum health. Although free feeding is fine for the first three months of a puppys life, i.e. where food is readily available at all times, it is better to give your new pet four meals a day after this, and reducing it to two meals a day by the time it is about six months old. Remember that the meal sizes need to be increased as your puppy grows.


Although home-cooked is always the best option, they do well on a good quality commercial brand as well. It is, however, recommended that for the first few months it be mixed with wet food. Good quality canned puppy food is fine for this, although it can be mixed with home-cooked as well.


[]Coat and Grooming


Generally speaking, this small, toy breed stands at approximately 8 inches to 14 inches tall, and weigh in at anything between 5 pounds to 20 pounds, depending on the size of its parents.


The Malteses coat is long and silky and has no undercoat. An added bonus of this breed is that it does not shed. This makes it a firm favorite with those who are house-proud, as there are not dog hairs all over the show as is the case with the majority of other breeds. Another bonus is that many who are usually allergic to dogs do not have any allergic symptoms when around a Maltese.


When grooming, your new puppy happens to have a few specific needs, starting with its ears. They should be checked and cleaned on a weekly basis while hair covering the ear canal should be trimmed so that air can circulate properly in this area.


Because they tend to be house dogs, their nails need regular trimming. Not many owners are willing to do so, but a quick visit to a doggy parlor or veterinarian can see to this problem and is not expensive.


Tear stains show up fairly quickly with this breed, especially against their white coat, so a daily wipe around the eye area with a damp cotton wool ball or washcloth is recommended.


Their coats can mat, especially after a lot of activity, and knots may be a problem at times. In these instances, try to pull the mats or knots apart with your fingers and comb them out before bathing your dog, as they tend to tighten up when wet.


Because of their silky hair, a good quality shampoo, as well as conditioner, is recommended, while a detangler is also a good option. Basically, treat their coats the way you would treat your own hair to keep it silky soft and tangle-free – using doggy products, of course. Human products are not really suitable for use on dogs.


Unlike the majority of dogs, blow drying your Maltese is a great option while brushing it out, as wet hair, left unattended while drying, can also cause knots.




As strange as it may sound, and even though a new puppy may prefer staying indoors, this breed actually lets you know when it needs to be out and about! Their usual black nose will change in color and develop  grayish tint. This is  a good indicator that your favorite little boy or girl is in need of some good old Vitamin D, aka sunshine. Regular walks are recommended.


The Maltese does not have an undercoat and does not take well to damp or rainy weather. You could, however, consider investing in a doggy raincoat. They are actually very tolerant with regards to wearing clothes, especially during colder weather.


Even though they have no undercoat, the Maltese is a breed that is prone to overheat, especially when it has exercised a lot. It is, therefore, imperative that you, as its owner, make sure there is a constant supply of water available. If any signs of overheating are seen, the dog needs to be cooled down as soon as possible, possibly by wrapping in wet towels or being submerged in cool water until the symptoms pass. Typical signs of overheating are lethargy, dizziness and difficulty with breathing or heavy panting.


Not only is this breed known for its wonderful temperament, but they make excellent little watchdogs as they are extremely alert. Training, however, needs to start from the moment your new puppy is brought home.


Socialization is the first step whereby they get exposed to different dogs and/or other pets as well as a large number of people. Socialization, for your dog, however, needs to be a pleasant experience, so gentle, gradual exposure is the way to go.


As for housebreaking your new addition to the family, they are an extremely easy breed to teach. All that it needs is a constant schedule, and you are good to go. A good rule of thumb it to take it to its potty area about 15 minutes after eating, as that is when a puppy will usually need to go. It will soon learn where to go by itself.


As is the case with most toy breeds, your new puppy will probably sleep for anything between 15 to 18 hours a day. This, of course, tapers off as the dog gets older, although it will still like nothing more than snoozing on the couch next to you or on your lap!




Your new puppy may be small and delicate, but it is an extremely hardy little creature. With the proper care, there is no reason that it cant live to be a ripe old age! As with most breeds, however, there are certain conditions that this breed is also prone to.


It is not uncommon for them to develop problems with their eyes or ears. With regards to their ears, this is easily seen by means of a discharge, while they have been known to develop conjunctivitis due to hair constantly irritating their eyes. Both these conditions are easily avoidable and treatable, however. Another eye problem that could occur is ulcers, which can be treated by means of a speedy visit to the veterinarian.


Bladder stones, although not very common in the Maltese, is something that smaller breeds tend to develop more than larger ones. Veterinarian care is necessary to combat this, as it is an extremely painful condition.


Dental care is important due to the smallness of their mouths and because small, toy breeds tend to lose their teeth quicker than larger ones. A good, dental program is thus necessary, such as brushing their teeth on a regular basis.


A few members of this breed have been known to develop luxating patella, a condition in their knees, although it is not very common. One of the contributing factors is obesity.


A small, inside dog, with a personality that belies its size, a Maltese makes a great companion dog for those looking for a pet that crosses all the ts and dots all the is (with the exception of small children which this breed actually adores). Their small size makes them easy to care for, and those with allergies are usually quite safe from the sneezes with this little dog as they do not really shed as most other breeds do. Great apartment dogs, they only need a walk now and then to keep them happy, while all their exercise needs can be catered to within the confines of your home.


[] Pembroke Welsh Corgi




[] History & Origin


There are two Corgi variations, one with a tail, called the Cardigan Welsh Corgi, and the one without, namely the Pembroke Welsh Corgi. Both breeds of dog, until 1934, were considered the same breed. There are slight variations, however, which led to the difference in names.


Their history, as a whole, is a particularly long and illustrious one, interwoven with the beliefs of the times. Those who fancy faeries are real would tell you that these little dogs were used by faeries to draw their coaches!


The breed, however, is family to the spitz dogs of Europe, and it is estimated that it landed in Wales, Britain, sometime during the 10th century. Yes, that is right, more than a thousand years ago!


The dogs name, Pembroke Corgi, also has an interesting history. The Pembroke part comes from the part of Wales called Pembrokeshire, while the Corgi portion has three possible origins. Corgi is the Celtic word for dog, but the word could also be broken into two parts: cor and ci , with cor meaning dwarf, and ci meaning dog – or the Welsh cwr which also means to watch over (in other words, cwr ci – dog that watches over). And that was part of their job, initially, watching over livestock.


Interestingly enough, there is another reference to the name Korgi, in which it is stated that it refers to the term cur dog, cur being an insult and meaning that it was of bad breeding. With its long history, however, this is not the case.


Be that as it may, however, these dogs were used to tend cattle. They would nip them at their heels and the bovines would spread out through the fields, which gave them a greater grazing area. They would also guard the homestead and herd any poultry so that they did not stray too far.


Although the Pembroke Corgi of today is no longer used as a herder of any sort, its cuteness, and small stature ensures that it is still a much-valued pet and one that would often be seen laying at a farmers fireside.


The breed was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1934, and its popularity has since spread rapidly. They are also the smallest dogs classified under the herding group.


[] Personality – Temperament


One of the characteristics that stand out with this breed is that they are not shy. This could possibly be ascribed to the fact that they were initially bred as cattle dogs. One of the traits they have tended to carry over from their cattle herding days is that they have a tendency to nip at the heels of children. It is not because they wish to hurt them, but rather, wish to herd them.


They make excellent little watchdogs and are extremely alert and intelligent. Each dog, however, just like the case with humans, has its own, unique personality. As a breed, though, they are, generally speaking, very playful and adore spending time with their families. If they are separated from their family for too long, they show signs of separation anxiety and can become extremely destructive.


They thrive on stimulation, and if they are not paid the attention they deserve, it often leads to health complications and excessive shedding. They need to feel useful, wanted and loved.


As they form a strong bond with their people, they love nothing more than pleasing them, and to this end, training them is a breeze. They do not like to be pushed around, however, and may at times become quite stubborn if they feel that they are. Gentleness, firmness, and kindness are key issues when training your new puppy.


[] Care


The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is one of the most adaptable of breeds and does equally well living on a farm, ranch or in an apartment, if it gets sufficient exercise.


[] Nutrition and Feeding


Corgis of old ate rabbit, beef, and fish, which were local to their area. Besides this, they also ate vegetables such as cabbage, carrots, and potatoes. They still fare well on this kind of a diet, and as home cooked is always the best for any dog, if you can, keeping him on a home cooked meal plan is the best option.


If, however, you feel you need to feed your puppy commercial dog food, make sure that it is of excellent quality and that it sees to your dogs nutritional needs. Keep in mind that when introducing new food it should be done gradually, e.g. by adding 25% new food to its regular meal for a few days before upping the percentage gradually. In this way, your dog becomes adjusted to its new food gradually and its tummy does not become unduly upset!


When bringing your new puppy home, it is advisable to keep feeding it the kind of meals he has grown used to at the breeder, and slowly changing over to the kind of food you wish to feed him. A new puppy will most probably eat four times a day, and, by the time it reaches six months, twice daily. It is usually recommended that dogs eat two smaller meals a day, morning and night than one large one at some time during the day.


[]Coat and Grooming


The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is a relatively small breed, and males reach a height of between 25 cm to 30 cm, weighing between 10kg to 12 kg. Females are about the same size as a male, although slightly lighter.


They tend to be strong, sturdily built little dogs with quite a lot of stamina for their size. Their faces have a slightly foxy look to them while their largish ears are erect and alert.


Your new puppy has a double coat: a thick undercoat, and a longer, soft outer coat. The outer coat is water resistant and some puppies have feathery tufts on their ears, legs, feet and also chest area. The colors they typically come in are black tri-color, sable, fawn, and red, usually with white markings on certain parts of their bodies.


Grooming your new puppy is relatively easy, as they do not need to be bathed too often. Regular brushing, however, is essential as this breed tends to shed throughout the year, mores so during the shedding season. Daily brushing during this time is advised; not because they really need it, but because you might not want doggy hair all over your home. More regular baths during this time also tend to lessen the shedding.


Check your puppys nails on a regular basis and clip them when and as necessary. Active dogs nails tend to wear down naturally, and do not often need any special attention. Their ears need to be checked and cleaned weekly. To this end, a damp cotton wool ball works very well. If you notice any redness or discharge, take your puppy to the veterinarian as soon as you can, as this could be an indication of an infection. You do not wish your new baby to be in pain, after all!


Many people recommend brushing a dogs teeth regularly from a young age in order to prevent tartar buildup or infections. Regular brushing from young makes it easier to do as the dog grows older. Meaty bones are also great for their teeth but stay away from smaller bones that your puppy can choke on.




Although they are spirited animals, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi only needs [+ a moderate amount of exercise+] to stay both happy as well as healthy. They are extremely adaptable little dogs that do equally well on a farm, in a home with a backyard, or in a city apartment – depending on whether his few exercise requirements are met. This, of course, includes a daily walk or two!


What they also need is mental exercise, and for this, games and agility training are ideal pastimes. They excel in training classes and learn fairly quickly.


Of course, when you bring your new puppy home for the first time, you will need to start his training right away! He needs to learn to [+ respect you+] as the alfa, what the house rules are, and of course, there is potty training!


Remember that your new puppy does not take well to being pushed around, so all training needs to be constant, firm, yet loving. By taking him out approximately 15 minutes after a meal which is typically the amount of time he will need to go after eating, he will soon learn where it is acceptable for him to do his doggy business. Your new puppy is a quick learner, and if the bond with his new family is strong, he will be extremely eager to please you.


Socializing is also high on the list, and this does not mean only with its new family and pets if you have any. By taking your puppy on regular walks to, for example, a park where other dogs are also taken for walks, you teach him to get along with strangers and other animals as well. A dog that keeps barking at new people or a dog on the street can become quite a pain for the owner, so early socializing is a must.


Your new puppy, as is the case with a human baby, will need a lot of sleep (up to 18 hours a day is not unusual). As he grows, however, his sleeping requirements will become less, as is the case with humans. He does, however, need a safe, quiet spot in which he can do so – somewhere out of the way where it is quiet with less household activity is ideal. Your puppy will learn that it is a place to retreat to when he needs some peace, quiet and rest from the hustle and bustle a normal household.




Your new puppy will be with you for a relatively long time, anything between eleven and thirteen years. They do, however, as a breed, tend to have their own, associated health problems. Because of this, it is always advised that one purchases your new family addition from a reputable Pembroke Welsh Corgi breeder with a proven track record and that you know both your puppys parents history if possible. By doing so, you are at least aware of any possible problems that can crop up at a later date.


Due to their long backs, the breed is predisposed to developing intervertebral disc disease (IVDD), which can lead to lameness. Hip dysplasia is another possible complication that can arise. This can, however, usually be picked up by means of an x-ray while your dog is still a puppy, and the appropriate measures taken. Degenerative Myelopathy (DM) is another disease that is prevalent in the breed and usually starts around the time when your dog is eight years of age. This is a disease that is inherited in the genes. Although a dog may be a carrier of the gene, however, it does not mean that he will necessarily develop it. Those, that do, have usually inherited a gene from both their parents. Typical signs of its onslaught are where your dog will start wobbling while walking or where it will start dragging its legs. If you see any of these signs, it is advised that you take you Corgi to the veterinarian immediately.


Other health problems that this breed has been known to develop include hyperthyroidism, epilepsy, progressive renal atrophy (PRA) and renal dysplasia (both of the latter being eye problems).


The Pembroke Welsh Corgi, with its long, illustrious history, is one of the most flexible dogs around. It makes a great family pet as well as working dog while it is able to adapt to a larger as well as smaller environment (if given enough exercise). Being highly intelligent, they are very easy to train, and their affable, easy-going personality and willingness to please their owners make them a wonderful addition to any home.


[] Pomeranian




[] History & Origin


This tiny dog breed originates from the spitz dogs and has been around for an extremely long time. There are many different theories as to the dogs origins, but the fact is that it, or rather its ancestors, have been around for hundreds of years.


According to the American Kennel Club (AKC), the German Spitz became known as the Pomeranian in the United Kingdom sometime during the 19th century and was the favorite of the Queen. Soon, the original name was forgotten, and the rest, so far as the dogs breed name, is history. From then on out, it was referred to as the Pomeranian.


The reason for the name is that it was believed that the dog breed entered Germany via Pomerania, a country that used to exist where Germany and Poland now are.


Queen Victoria, who fell in love with the breed and owned a number of them, is credited with breeding the small Pomeranian down even further until they were the small, tiny, petite dogs we know today.


The first American Kennel Club book has the breed down as Pomeranian, and this was as far back as 1874.


Not only was this breed favored by royalty, but by artists and celebrities as well. In fact, a well-told story is of Michelangelo who, apparently, painted the roof of the Sistine Chapel in Rome with his Pomeranians by his side.


If Sir Isaac Newton is to be believed, they can even drive one to have a nervous breakdown! Apparently he went into a depressed state when his pet knocked over a candle and burnt all his research papers!


Chopin, the composer, believed that they inspired his music.


This little breed of dog has a long, illustrious history, and is still a firm favorite with many people today.


[] Personality – Temperament


The Pomeranian, as we know it today, was bred to be a companion and a lap dog. They are dogs that live inside, and have had no other purpose, ever, than to be a human companion and as such, have no strong survival instincts at all. They do not scavenge for food, and nor can they hunt. They were never bred for it. They are totally dependent on humans for their every need, and they kind of know this. As such, they form an incredibly close bond with their human.


As a breed, these puppies are intensely loyal and loving, eager to learn, and love to cuddle. They are quite a high energy breed, though. They are not particularly noisy dogs, although they will bark to get your attention when they feel that all is not right in their world.


Pomeranians, as puppies, tend to be quite playful and want a lot of attention. So any prospective owner needs to be in the position to supply it. They do calm down when they get older, though.


They like their toys and can be quite possessive of them, and it is not uncommon for them to become extremely attached to either a favorite toy or even blanket.


Their extreme intelligence means they learn quickly and love learning and performing new tricks. Have fun with that one!


As a breed, Pomeranians get along extremely well with children, although they do, at times, need some space and time to be alone.


[] Care


These cute, sweet little dogs with their sparkling personalities are totally dependent on their human families for their survival, and as such, need to be treated and cared for like the special little creatures they are.


They are not overly-dependent on their owners, however, do very well in apartments, and have no problems spending time alone while their owners are away at work.


When you first bring your little, fluffy ball of fur home, you need to take special care of it and give it tons of love and affection. These dogs, because they are so small, and although they love to play, can get injured quite easily. It is therefore advised that children are taught the difference between acceptable and unacceptable play behavior.


Please note that this breed does not take well to crate training!


[] Nutrition and Feeding


Your new puppy will need to be fed an extremely well-balanced diet, as well as when it gets older. Overfeeding your Pomeranian will lead to your pet becoming overweight, and this could lead to some serious health issues.


These dogs can do quite well on an excellent brand of dog food although home-cooked is always the best option (think in terms of cooked chicken and some veggies). Just remember that they are small and have small mouths, therefore, all food needs to either be cut up into small pieces or, in the case of commercial dry dog food, has to be a small enough for the dog to chew.


Feeding your new baby low-quality dog food can lead to the dog having nutritional deficiencies, which usually represent themselves as the dog eating grass or even feces! A high-quality diet is thus essential. Most common commercial dog foods have fillers which offer absolutely no nutritional value at all while it only serves to make the dog feel full. This is not ideal for you Pomeranian puppy, nor any other breed of dog for that matter.


Due to the size of the dog, dog dishes should not be too deep so that they can easily access their food without getting their coat covered in it. They should also have a plentiful supply of water. Remember to feed your Pomeranian small amounts of food at a time, and do not leave food out so that the dog can eat when it wishes. It could lead to obesity.


A puppy should have three to four meals a day, which should be down to two meals by the time it is an adult. Besides ensuring your dog gets the nutritional needs that are needed for healthy growth, this routine also ensures you do not end up with a fat dog while it makes its housetraining a whole lot easier.


[]Coat and Grooming


These are small dogs, and typically, range in size from 7inches to 12 inches tall, and only weigh in at between 3 pounds to 7 pounds. There are, however, occasional throwbacks and you may get some that are larger that can grow up to 14 or more pounds. These larger Pomeranians should not be overlooked, however, as they make an excellent choice for those families who have children.


Their coats are thick and consist of a soft undercoat and a long, fluffy upper coat, as is found with most of the spitz breeds. They come in all colors and variations, and all are equally desirable. All colors and combinations thereof are judged on equal merit.


Grooming your puppy poses its own set of challenges and can be easily mastered. Alternatively, though, you can use the services of a grooming parlor.


If you decide to go the home route, or just want to keep your puppy in tip-top shape in-between appointments, you can easily do so yourself by keeping a few things in mind. Also, remember, without regular brushing, you may end up with puppy hair all over you home!


Using a natural bristle brush or steel comb will keep your dogs hair both clean and untangled while ensuring that he keeps that puffy, fluffy look that is so particular to the breed.


Your puppy also needs to be bathed weekly, and a hair dryer works wonders in drying him off and fluffing up the hair. A good conditioner is needed as well as a good quality dog shampoo. You want your puppy looking his best at all times. These dogs are prone to developing skin conditions if cheap shampoo is used. A good hypo allergic shampoo is best.


Furthermore, they need to be towel-dried, combed and blow-dried (recommended). If any clipping is needed, it is best done after the puppy is fully dried.


Their toenails need to be clipped every few weeks. Its quite important with Pomeranians, as they are house dogs and their nails do not get filed down naturally.


Their eyes also need attention, as, like most long-haired toy breeds, their eyes tend to have a discharge that can often lead to an eye infection. The eye area needs to be washed gently.




It will take a lot of patience to train your Pomeranian puppy. The first thing your little bundle of fur needs to be taught is to respect you. If you do not do this, your little fur ball will try to train you! They can be quite stubborn, and need to know, right from the outset, just who the top dog is around your home.


Of course, your new puppy has to be housetrained as well; otherwise, you will end up puddles and puppy doodles all over the house. This is usually best achieved by taking him outside approximately fifteen minutes after every meal, and a few times in-between. A dog usually needs to do its business about 15 minutes after it has eaten, which is why feeding it according to set times can make your life so much easier. Puppy training pads are also a great option to keep in mind, especially for those living in an apartment, as it teaches your dog to only do its business in one place.


Your new puppy can be quite possessive, so proper socializing is necessary right from the outset. This should not include only you and your family, but your other pets (if you have any) and strange dogs and strangers as well.


They are alert, curious, and love to learn, which they do easily, except when their stubborn streak strikes them, and they love nothing better than to play with their favorite human and his family.




With regards to health problems, you would not expect such a small, light breed such as the Pomeranian to have joint problems. Unfortunately, there are quite a number of instances where this is found in Pomeranians, as well as loose knees (luxating patella) and Legg-Calve-Perthes.


Heart disease is another, often occurring problem, and they tend to have certain eye diseases such as dry eye and tear duct disorders which are both easily treatable. They also tend to develop cataracts, however, and if not treated, this can lead to blindness when the puppy gets older.


Skin problems, such as allergies, are also quite common, which is why using a good quality shampoo and conditioner that is hypo-allergic when bathing them is so extremely important. As the saying goes, prevention is better than cure with your little ball of fluff.


Disease, however, is not the most common reason these tiny little firecrackers end up in the veterinarians office, though. They are more prone to land up seeing your local veterinarian due to injuries incurred due to its size and temperament.


Although they are small, they have the heart of a lion, and will often be found chasing after a car or something that they feel is a threat to themselves or their family. Because they are so tiny, they are not easily seen by passing vehicles, and often get knocked by a car. It is therefore always advisable to have your pet on a leash when outside your property.


Another common problem treated by veterinarians where the Pomeranian breed is concerned is fractures. These are usually incurred when your pet jumps off furniture or decides to leap out of your arms.


 Their ferocious attitude when protecting their family can also lead them to attack much larger dogs. All it takes for your Pomeranian puppy to either lose its life or be seriously injured is the jaws of a larger dog around its neck. They are extremely delicate.


They can also easily choke to death when trying to swallow something that is too large for them, which is why their food needs to be small in size. So, if buying a commercial brand of dog food, make sure your puppy can easily chew it, and if feeding him homemade food, cut it up into little bite size pieces.


Your Pomeranian puppy might have a huge heart, but his build is delicate in nature, and everyone needs to keep this in mind. He is an extremely intelligent little dog that is independent, can tolerate being alone, adores children, and loves to please his family. All this with an added touch of stubbornness, which means he needs a firm hand when trained. Due to his size, he is the perfect family addition for those living in smaller homes or apartments, or someone wanting a constant, loving companion. They are also extremely comfortable lap-warmers.


[] Pug




[] History & Origin


Pugs became the official dog of the House of Orange in 1572 and they were generally popular in official court. It happened after a pug, called Pompey, alerted the Prince of Orange about approaching assassins and saved his life. The breed made it to the United Kingdom when William III and Mary II took one in 1968 to accept the throne of England. Its known that this dog might have bred with a King Charles spaniel, which is why King Charles Spaniels have the characteristics of a pug.


Pugs were introduced to Western Europe from China. The breed was popularized by the House of Orange, belonging to the Netherlands and the House of Stuart. In the 19th century, Queen Victoria became fascinated with pugs and she passed on her passion for this breed of dogs on to other members of her Royal family.


Eventually, the breed became quite popular. They were also used as guard dogs and the military used them to track people and other animals. In the 19th century, pugs started to become popular in the US and soon many families took them up as pets.


Fast forward to the 21st century and this breed still remains popular. Pugs are well-known for being friendly and social pets, which makes them a great companion. Many well-known celebrities are known to own pugs.


In Ancient China, pugs were actually bred as companions for ruling families. Chinese Emperors highly valued this breed of dogs and they were constantly guarded and kept in luxury. Later, pugs are known to have spread to the rest of Asia. Buddhist monks of Tibet had pugs as pets and they kept them in their monasteries.


Pugs have always been known to be a royal breed since these ancient times. The details of pugs during these ancient times cannot be found in depth, although its widely accepted that the modern version of pugs have descended from dogs that were brought to Europe from China during the 16th century.


[] Personality – Temperament


Pug is a breed of dogs that have a cute, wrinkly face with a short-muzzle and an adorable curved tail that sits tightly on top. Pugs have a fine, shiny coat that comes in a wide range of colors, but mostly in shades of beige and black. The body of a pug is square-ish with well-developed muscles.


Pugs are often referred to as multum in parvo, which means “much in little”, implying the breeds exceptional personality and small size. Pugs are strong-willed creatures, but they are rarely ever found to be aggressive, which makes them perfect for families with little children. Pugs mostly behave passively and are quiet, although in playful moods they can be lively and teasing. In line with their passive nature, pugs spend a lot of time napping and are generally quite lazy. However, they like to follow their owners like a shadow and love staying close to action. Like all pets, pugs love attention and constantly seek affection from their owners.


[] Care


In comparison to other dogs, Pugs are quite low-maintenance, which goes to show how perfect of a pet they can be. If you live in an apartment, Pugs make a great choice because they are small, timid and dont like being too active indoors. However, if you dont take your pug out for a walk or spend some quality time with them, be prepared for some goofy behavior. Also, pugs dont enjoy the heat or the humidity, so make sure they dont spend too much time outside when the weather is hot. Lastly, if you are a light sleeper, better get your hands on a pair of earplugs because pugs are heavy snorers.


[] Nutrition and Feeding


Your dogs health is directly related to their diet. Its a common myth that dogs can digest just about anything and everything you give them to eat. Of course, we need to understand they arent intelligent creatures and as an owner, its your responsibility to make sure your beloved pet is receiving the right nutrition. Pugs gain weight easily because of their small built and inactive behavior. If your pet has breathing issues, even an extra pound of body weight can make them exasperate.


For these reasons, its important you feed your pet at the right time with the right foods. Pugs like to overindulge so its best that you provide them with the right amount. Make sure they are not eating so much that they become overweight, and not so little that they become malnourished. Free feeding is only limited to pug puppies that are under 3 months old.


Scheduling feeding times for your dog is absolutely essential if you intend to train them. Instilling discipline makes your pets prone to good behavior, which makes training easier. Owners have to put in a little bit of time and effort into learning what amount is right for their dog. For instance, if they seem to be gaining weight, cut down their overall calorie intake, and if they seem to have stopped growing, increase their food consumption.


When deciding what to feed your pug, opt for food thats high in nutrition, instead of grabbing a bag of manufactured dog food. Manufactured foods are extremely low in nutrition, no matter what claims the brand makes. The food just passes through their body, without being absorbed for nutrition. Make your pets meals yourself, such as meat, brown rice, green beans, carrots, peas, and other foods that give your pet a healthy dose of nutrition.


[]Coat and Grooming


There are some painting references from the 18th and 19th century of pugs that depict that their appearance was different from the modern breed. Pugs in the 18th century seem to be longer and leaner, while the modern pug has a square, compact body with a deep chest and lean muscles. Pugs usually have black or beige coats, with other common colors being apricot fawn, fawn, and silver fawn. All the markings on the coat are defined and one can easily trace a line from the occiput to the tail. The tail of a pug is short and curved tightly, and sits over the hip.


The legs of a pug are of moderate length, and they are strong and straight. It has small feet, toes that are well-split and nails black in color. Pugs have an under bite because their lower teeth extend beyond their upper teeth. A fully-grown pug, whether male or female, weighs between 14 and 18 pounds. If you measure them from paw to shoulder, they usually range from 10 to 14 inches.


The coat of a pug is fairly short but even then their fur sheds a lot, especially during the hot months of the year. For this reason, owners are recommended to wear light-colored clothing to camouflage the dogs hair. To maintain your pets coat, brush it regularly and give it a bath at least once a month. This will keep the coat well-conditioned and the shedding to a minimum.


Home-bred dogs dont wear down their nails like dogs in the wild do, so its the owners responsibility to trim their nails. Every few weeks, clean out the ears of your pug as well. The biggest challenge is actually their wrinkles because if they are not cleaned out properly, they can get infected. Each time your pet comes in contact with water, make sure you dry them completely, including between folds of skin.


The pugs have protruding eyes, which makes them vulnerable to injury and special care has to be taken during baths so their eyes dont come into contact with soap. Lastly, pugs are also prone to gum disease, which means you have to brush their teeth regularly with a soft toothbrush and toothpaste that are specially designed for dogs.


Dogs are not accustomed to being brushed and cleaned, which is why you have to start doing it when they are a pup. Praise and reward your pug to enhance their grooming experience, and you will make things easier for yourself when the dog becomes an adult.


During your grooming sessions, check your dog for any signs of sores, rashes or infections on their skin, nose, mouth and eyes. Carefully examining your pet everyday will help you detect all health problems at an earlier stage.




The best exercise for your dog is walking and its something you can implement on a daily basis, plus its an exercise for the owner as well. There are many benefits to walking your dog. First of all it helps the pug tone its muscles, which in turn improves its posture. It also lowers the risk of heart disease, improves metabolism, burns calories, and in a nutshell, keeps the weight off your pug. When your pug gets enough outdoor exercise, they maintain their passive behavior indoors.


Dont take your pug for a walk if its hotter than 90o outside. If you do plan to take them out, try to in the early hours of the day, before 10 am, or in the late hours, after 5 pm. Its a good idea to carry a drink of water for your pug if you intend to go for a long run.


The paws of a pug have thick skin, but its still vulnerable to cuts and scrapes, so regularly check its paws after exercise. During winter months, the ice melting chemicals on pavements can actually damage the paws of your dog, so make sure you invest in booties and a sweater for your pug.


Alternatively, there are many indoor exercises as well which are good if the weather is too hot or cold outside. The first option is a dog park, which gives your pup a great chance to interact with other dogs. The second option is playing fetch indoors. The hallway or a big room is sufficient, because pugs are small in size. Lastly, you can take your dog for a swim, if the weather permits. Due to the pugs body structure, they are not the best swimmers, but they do well in shallow waters.


The bottom-line is that you have to make sure your pug doesnt remain inactive. To prevent weight gain and other health issues, its absolutely essential that your pet stays active on a regular basis.


As soon as you get your pug pup, you will be surprised to see their level of energy. It will run and play with anything it can find. Soon you wont be able to keep up with the little pups liveliness. Untrained pugs will chew up and destroy their owners belongings and they are smart enough to find different ways to get what they want. To avoid all this chaos, start training your pug at an early age, before it becomes a troublemaker.


Once a pug develops a habit, it can be tough to break, so start embedding good behavior right away. There are a few basic rules that need to be implemented from day one. First is a no biting rule, because as the puppy gets older, the bite will get painful. Second is no jumping on the furniture because once the puppy finds the joy of jumping on a couch, it will be hard to change the behavior. Third is no playing with food because they can make quite a mess. Lastly, no chewing on things or else the pup will grow up to be destructive.




As mentioned before, the best way to prevent health issues in your pug is feeding them right and keeping them active. Other things that should be kept in mind are to protect its protruding eyes and keeping the folds of its skin dry to prevent infection.


Apart from the above risks, pugs have small passageways for breathing, which makes them susceptible to breathing difficulties. For this reason, they are sometimes unable to regulate their body temperature. Lack of oxygen can lead to organ failure, which is why its important to look for signs of breathlessness. On an average, pugs have a lifespan of 11 years, which is similar to other breeds of dog of the same size.


[] Rottweiler




[] History & Origin


It is commonly believed that the Rottweiler of today was originally a breed that was developed from Roman cattle dogs. These dogs accompanied Roman army herds as they moved through Switzerland and finally into Germany.


The Rottweiler, or Rottie as it is more commonly called, was used for bear hunting and as a cattle dog during the Middle Ages. To this end, they had to be very strong, sturdy dogs, as they not only had to protect the herds from predators but also prevent cattle from straying while driving them over long distances.


The first Rottweiler club was founded in 1899 in Germany, and the first breed standard produced in 1901. To this day, the ADRK *Allgemeiner Deutscher Rottweiler Klub (ADRK) has, as their motto, that  “Rottweiler breeding is working dog breeding”.  


The advent of the steam engine and railways put an end to their cattle herding, but they soon became draught dogs used by butchers to pull small carts. Because they had largely lost their use as a working dog, the breed almost died out, but due to the efforts of some who did not want this to happen, a club was formed in Germany in 1907 with the specific aim of looking after the purity and well-being of the breed, and planned breeding was started in an effort to improve the appearance of these dogs.


Today, Rottweilers are to be found across the globe and are used for a myriad of purposes. Robust and powerful, the Rottweiler loves nothing more than performing some kind of job. Because of the breeds inherent intelligence, as well as great endurance and willingness to work, it is often used for police work, as a service dog, a herder, is an excellent companion and family pet, and is also used as a therapy dog.


Their tails have been docked, traditionally, in order for it not to get in the way when pulling heavy loads. This practice has been stopped in many countries because they are no longer used as working dogs, although many people still continue the practice.


[] Personality – Temperament


The AKC standard describes a Rottweiler as being a dog that is calm and confident. It is also courageous and does not form immediate friendships, preferring to keep itself aloof while assessing new people and the situation at hand.


Your puppy may be calm, courageous and confident, but he will never be shy. When encountering new people or situations, he holds himself aloof and does not make friends immediately. He will, instead, rather sum up new people or situations before becoming friendly.


With regards to their human family, though, they are very affectionate, and will more than likely follow them around the home. They are not really excitable, and have a deep-seated desire to protect their loved ones and their home, without showing any aggressiveness towards others unless they feel they, their loved ones, or home is threatened.


A Rottweiler easily adapts to new situations, and has strong, inherent work ethics, and will perform any tasks for which it is trained admirably.


Generally speaking, though, your adult Rotties temperament is developed by a number of factors, these being, for example, its training, socialization, and those that are hereditary. Because of the hereditary factor, it is always advised that you get to meet your new puppys mother. This is necessary in order to get an idea of your new puppys temperament when it is fully grown. After all, you do not want a puppy coming from stock that has been bred to be vicious attack dogs when deciding on one for your family! If the parents do not have the temperament you wish, find yourself another breeder.


[] Care


Although they are loving, intelligent and brave dogs when raised properly, and can be an extremely loyal friend and part of the family, these dogs need the proper socialization and training in order for them to grow up to be happy dogs that are an integral part of any family. They are not, however, advised for first-time dog owners.


Remember, your puppy belongs to a breed which is known to be quite stubborn with distinct personality traits. Because of this, you need to spend time with your new puppy before deciding whether it is the dog for you. Typically, it should not be a bully, but rather a dog that is somewhere in the middle of its litter pack and is outgoing and friendly when handled. Your small puppy becomes a relatively large dog when it is fully grown, and with its strong personality, will need a firm hand during its training. If your new puppy has a strong dominant streak, it may lead to trouble later on. It is therefore always better to rather be safe than sorry when choosing your new Rottweiler puppy


[] Nutrition and Feeding


Your little black bundle is going to become quite a large dog, and his nutritional needs need to be met right from the start!


Because this breed is prone to bone and joint problems, feeding him a proper, adequate diet is extremely important, and this should, ideally, be a complete, holistic, natural food is essential. A puppy should ideally have a diet containing protein, such as, for e.g. chicken, with rice or pasta, and a variety of vegetables added to it. It should, at first, be mashed, but as it grows older, the food can become more lumpy in order to enable him to develop those large, strong jaws.


A Rottweiler puppy, should, however, not be fed too much protein, and a variety of vegetables should be added to his diet because this breed, mainly due to inbreeding in recent years, is prone to bone and hip problems, and a puppy that grows too fast, tends to have weaker bones due to constant growth spurts. Slow and steady is the answer, with balanced meals being the norm.


The amount of food which is given will be determined by his growth, so the larger he becomes, the more he will eat.


Your puppy should have a regular feeding schedule (three times a day at first) in place by the time it is fully grown, which should, ideally, be twice daily, once in the morning, and once in the evening.  For training purposes, meals should be at set times, because he will most probably need to defecate about 15 minutes after his meal.


If you decide on regular dog food, you need to ensure that is a high quality dog food brand with protein as its main source, and not grain-based or full of fillers which have no nutritional content and only serve to fill up your puppys tummy. Food should also be wet, and not given dry, as this could lead to bloat, which has serious complications.


One should also take into consideration that commercial dog food is inclined to stick to a dogs teeth and cause damage to both teeth and gums, therefore adequate care needs to be taken of your puppys dental needs. This could imply that allowing it raw, meaty bones or brushing its teeth regularly – just watch your fingers, those teeth can be sharp.


A  Rottweiler owner needs to keep in mind that these dogs will eat anything you give them, so their eating habits need to be monitored as they have a tendency to put on weight and can get obese, something no dog-lover wants, as this leads to health problems.


[]Coat and Grooming


An adult Rottweiler male weighs in at around 85 pounds – 135 pounds, and stands at between 24 inches to 27 inches. A female, which is slightly smaller than her male counterpart, weighs in at around 80 pounds – 100 pounds and stands at between 22 inches – 25 inches in height.


These are large, strong, robust dogs with large heads and an extremely strong bite. Their build could be described as stocky and sturdy, attesting to their amazing strength.


Their coat has only one color: black, although there are touches of brown around the snout, eyebrows, neck and on the feet. No other color is acceptable, ever. Although your Rottweiler puppy might like nothing more than sitting on your lap and basking in your attention, it is quite able to live in most climatic conditions, even relatively colder ones, as it has a double coat.


The hair of the outer coat is straight, short, and quite stiff, allowing water to run off easily, whereas the undercoat is shorter yet soft, and serves as insulation against colder temperatures. These dogs were originally bred to be working dogs, and would tend cattle even in cold, winter conditions. They are extremely hardy in this aspect.


Due to their short coats, their grooming needs are few. They are, however, shedders, due to their double coat. Although they tend to shed throughout the year, most shedding is done during the spring and fall.


Because of their double coat, and the fact that they shed throughout the year, people who have a Rottweiler puppy as pet can soon have a house that has black dog hair all over the show. A daily brushing session will minimize this problem.


Your puppys grooming needs to be started as soon as you bring it home so that he gets used to it. It is advised that you us a rubber curry brush as their coats are quite short. The soft rubber not only grabs a hold of the hair that has fallen out, but pulls it away from the dogs body as well.


These dogs need to be bathed only three to four times a year (you will smell if more baths are needed!). Always ensure that you use a good quality dog shampoo designed to nourish your puppys coat. It will also ensure his skin is in tip-top condition.


Because they have such thick and deep muzzles, particular attention needs to be taken with regards to cleaning the folds around his mouth area, while his ears can be cleaned using a damp ball of cotton wool. If you notice an unusual discharge in his ears or they smell, take him to the veterinarian as these are signs of a possible infection.


Their nails need to be checked regularly, as too long nails can cause infection and hurt your puppy. If you have qualms about trimming your puppys nails, take him to a professional to do so. It is not an expensive procedure.




A high-energy and intelligent dog, your Rottweiler puppy needs exercise and variety, as a bored, Rottweiler that does not get adequate exercise not only gets fat, but destructive as well.


To combat this, your Rottweiler needs to get exercise and stimulation. Depending on your Puppys energy level, you can start out with a 15-minute brisk walk twice a day, while you can play games that stimulate him and get him to use up any pent-up energy at other times.


These are dogs that need a large outside space to run around and play in, so a Rottweiler is not suitable for those who live in apartments or have small yard spaces. One of their favorite games is fetch.


Training your puppy starts the day you bring it home, and the first step, is socialization, with your family, other pets, as well as strangers. You want your new puppy to fit in with your lifestyle; you do not want to fit in with what he dictates!


Although many advocate positive training, keep in mind that it is usually associated with a doggy treat when he does something right. Is it really a good idea to do this type of training with your new puppy? What happens the day he decides he does not want the doggy treat? Will he still obey your instruction? Please keep this scenario in mind.


Crate training is an excellent way of housetraining a Rottweiler, and if done properly, your puppy will soon learn that his crate is his safe harbor and the place he can retreat to when tired.


Like all large breeds, your new puppy will need constant periods of rest throughout the day which last between one and three hours at a stretch. This will decrease as he grows older, just as it does with a human baby.




The most common problems associated with this breed, is hip dysplasia and problems with its joints. This is due to the large-scale interbreeding that has been conducted. When picking a puppy, make sure you have a reputable breeder and know its parents medical history.


Some Rottweilers may develop eye problems, such as cataracts (which can be treated surgically) and renal atrophy, a form of night blindness.


Some Rottweilers are also prone to heart disease and Von Willebrands disease, which can be likened to human hemophilia.


A strong-willed, intelligent and lively breed, your Rottweiler puppy, if properly trained, can become an excellent addition to any family. They are, however, not recommended to those who are looking for a puppy for the first time, or those who have never had a large dog before.


[] Shih Tzu




[] History & Origin


The history of your little Shih Tzu (also referred to as the Chinese Lion Dog or the Chrysanthemum Dog) is long and illustrious.


Contrary to popular belief, the breed has its origins in Tibet, where their ancient ancestors lived wild and free.  As a matter of interest, 10,000-year-old skeletons have been found in the Gobi Desert which apparently are the ancient forebears of the breed.


It is believed that the Shih Tzu was introduced to China sometime during the 17th century when a few of these dogs were given as gifts to the Chinese emperor of the time by Tibetan Monks. So impressed was the Chinese royal family by these little dogs, that only those of noble birth were allowed to own them.


Because the Chinese revered lions, the leonine look of the breed was further enhanced by means of breeding programs. They were favored as lap dogs and bed warmers by members of the imperial court and were often carried around under someones robes in winter in order to keep warm.


As time went by and more Europeans came into contact with Chinese culture, it is believed some of these dogs were gifted to certain European nobility, who in turn introduced the Shih Tzu to Europe.


The Shih Tzu was officially recognized as a breed by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1959. Due to so few of them being in the country at the time, however, they were placed in what is termed a miscellaneous class.  It was only in 1959 that it was finally classified as a toy breed which, since then, has grown to become one of the most sought after pets in the country.


[] Personality – Temperament


The little Shih Tzu is often described as an arrogant little dog and rightly so. It is, after all, a royal dog with a long, ancient line. It has every right to feel proud of itself.


They are, however, extremely loving and [+ loveable creatures+] that have a happy disposition. Unlike most small dogs, they also tend to not be very yappy dogs, so if they do start barking, it is always better to go take a look.


Because they love cuddling and are not overly active, they make, besides wonderful lap warmers, great companions to those who are elderly. They have absolutely no problem with staying by your side or sitting on your lap for hours on end, so long as they are with their favorite person and get the attention they so richly deserve and need.


 A Shih Tzu is, essentially, a lover, not a fighter. They are not able to hunt, fight, or fend for themselves, and are totally dependent on their humans for their care.


Additionally, your Shih Tzu puppy is very friendly, and gets along well with everyone, especially children, although it is always advised that an adult should supervise play activities as these small dogs can easily be hurt. They are also very amenable with other household pets.


 Because of their small size and limited exercise needs, the breed is imminently suitable as a pet for those living in apartments. Small spaces pose no problem, as the beautiful and proud Shih Tzu is not one for excessive exercise.


[] Care


Although your Shih Tzu puppy is cute and adorable, loving and funny, especially with its beribboned topknot on his head, and requires minimal exercise, he is a bit of a high-maintenance dog that could be a part of your family for anything between 12 to 14 years.


[] Nutrition and Feeding


Most of your better dog food brands have food which is specifically formulated for the different smaller dog breeds.


Of course, the best is always home-cooked when feeding your puppy, and should include a good protein source such as chicken, beef or fish, as well as vegetables and fruit. Not many dogs like fruit, however, although the majority will eat vegetables. Carrots, broccoli, and butternut are good choices in this regard.


When it comes to commercial dog food, however, a [+ good quality brand+] is advised that meets all your dogs nutritional needs. The cheaper brands usually contain fillers that offer your new puppy absolutely no nutritional value with regards to their diet at all.


Although many people like to give their dogs a constant supply of food so that they can eat whenever they wish, this is not a good idea, especially as far as the Shih Tzu is concerned, as it can lead to health problems whereas inconsistent feeding could do the same. If there is no choice in the matter, however, a free supply of food is the better option.


Your new Shih Tzu puppy would start off by eating four meals a day which should taper off to about two by the time it is around six months of age. A constant supply of fresh water is absolutely necessary at all times, however.


Some food is toxic for your Shih Tzu, and should be avoided at all costs. These include chocolate in any form, caffeine, avocados, raw onion and garlic, and nuts.


[]Coat and Grooming


Both male and female adult Shih Tzus stand at about 20cm – 28 cm in height when measured at the withers and weight between 4kg and 7,2 kg.


Shih Tzus come in a variety of colors, including black, red and liver, as well as combinations of red and white, gold and white, black and white, etc. They have a double coat, with the undercoat soft and short, while the upper coat is long, silky and luxurious to the touch.


Grooming is a personal choice, and if you are not prepared to do so regularly, e.g. brushing at least once a day, and seeing to the other essentials on a regular basis, whether yourself or taking your new puppy to a doggy parlor, please, do not get a Shih Tzu!


The easiest way of seeing to your new puppys grooming needs (excluding regular brushing), is by taking it to the doggy parlor regularly. This breed of dog has specific grooming needs that, if not seen to, will cause your puppy to be a very unhappy little dog indeed.


If you decide on home-grooming, the first thing that needs attention is its coat. When your new puppy arrives home, its hair will still be short, and only needs to be brushed every other day or so, but as the hair grows, brushing it every day is essential in order to prevent knotting and matting. Bathing it once every two weeks is also recommended.


By the time your puppy is about a year old, it is a fully grown adult, and its fur has special grooming needs, such as only grooming it when its fur is damp. To this end, a special detangling product can be purchased for knots, while you can spray the rest of the fur with water. The reason for this is that when dry, the fur can have a lot of static electricity and could break when brushed. A comb works wonders at detangling knots.


A Shih Tzus fur tends, just like a human, to have split ends if not cared for properly, thus, a special moisturizing shampoo and conditioner is recommended for bath time. The ends, also like a humans, need to be trimmed to ensure that its coat stays in optimum condition. You do not want your little fur ball not to look its best at all times.


The area around your puppys eyes needs to be cleaned daily with either a damp cotton wool ball or washcloth. This will ensure that there are no stains around this area.


Because their coat grows to be quite long, the hair on their head is usually fastened in a topknot in order to keep it out of their eyes (and food). With a little practice, anyone can become an expert at doing this.


Because this is a breed that does not really run around much, their nails need special attention, and a regular trim is usually the order of the day. Failure to do so can cause the nails to split, for example, and prove to be an excruciating experience for your friendly little dog.


If, however, you are someone that would prefer not to have to struggle through this routine, it is quite common for this breed to have its hair shorn off at a doggy parlor. This will ensure you dog retains its puppy-like looks for as long as you wish.




Unlike the majority of dog breeds, the Shih Tzu is not a high energy breed in general. A short walk once or twice daily, and a little active play time is all this small breed needs to stay happy and healthy.


Potty-training your new puppy could be a long, drawn-out affair. If, however, you take him on walks often during the day and he does his business, praise him lavishly. He will soon get the idea that doggy doodles are for outside, not inside.


Socialization should start the moment you bring your new puppy home, not only with its new family members but also other pets or strange dogs. Taking your puppy on outings where it can meet other puppies will ensure that it learns to get along with all animals.


When your new puppy comes into your home, do not expect it to be on the go 24/7. It is still a baby and needs a lot of sleep. By giving it a secure, warm little bed in a protected area where it can do so, you ensure that it gets the sleep it needs. Although it needs less sleep the older it gets, your new pet loves nothing more than snuggling up next to your somewhere and snoozing.  It is just the way they are.




Most breeds have certain health problems associated with them, but in the case of the Shih Tzu, the list is not very long. This is, in fact, an extremely healthy breed of dog that is not prone to many diseases.


The main area of concern is the eyes, which can develop. This include:


Wet eye, or epiphora, which is a case of excessive tearing


Cataracts, which can be treated effectively if caught quickly enough


General eye infections


Corneal ulcers that can be caused by foreign objects or by rubbing the eyes very often 


They can be prone to develop back problems because their spine is rather long in relation to the size of the dog. They should, therefore, be picked up correctly and not be encouraged to jump from high places.


Lastly, due to the shortness of the snout, which in most dogs helps to keep them cool, the Shih Tzu can develop heat stroke when conditions are warm. In the event that something like this happens, it is best to wrap the dog in cold, wet towels (especially the neck area) or keep it in cool water until the dog breathes normally and its temperature is back down.


They say dynamite comes in small packages, and although not your typical idea of what dynamite actually does, your Shih Tzu tends to cross all the boxes.


It is a relatively small toy breed that has a huge heart, does not make a fuss, rarely barks (unless someone comes knocking at the door), loves people of all ages, and makes an excellent all-around family pet.


This breed does not do well without companionship and needs to be near its loved ones as much as possible. Its small size and relatively sedentary lifestyle make it a wonderful addition to those families that live in an apartment or home with a small backyard. It does not need a large area to play in and needs only a few minutes of exercise a day to keep it happy.


For those looking for a family pet with impeccable manners, and who do not mind seeing to its specific grooming needs, the Shih Tzu could just be the pet that will fit your lifestyle 100%.


[] Siberian Huskies




[] History & Origin


These sweet natured dogs have a very ancient and noble history.


The breed was developed by the Chukchi people over a period of 3, 000 years, and was an integral part of these peoples lives. They were not only small and extremely strong and great as working dogs but companions as well, who would sleep with their owners inside their homes to give the families extra heat. They would often serve as bed-warmers.


So entwined were these dogs with their owners way of life, that they even played a role in their religious beliefs. The Chukchi believed that the gates of heaven were guarded by two huskies that turned away all those that had shown cruelty to dogs during their lifetimes. 


Their tribal lives also revolved around Huskies, the women rearing the pups and looking after their welfare, and the men training them as working dogs. Their sweet temperament was inbred, as no traveler could afford to have his sleigh dogs fighting amongst themselves, and to this end, only gelded dogs were used for this task.


The breed was first brought to Alaska, USA, in 1909, and a true story tells of how a handler and his dogs managed to get much-needed medication to its destination through a terrible storm. The breed gained its AKC recognition in 1930.


It has not all been plain-sailing for the Siberian Husky, however. The breed along with the Chukchi people was almost wiped out during the Stalinist regime of the 1930s. They tried wiping out anything considered to be non-Soviet, and the Chukchi, along with their Siberian Huskies, was part of this purge.


Because of the sub-zero conditions they can survive in, and their strength, tenacity, and sheer willpower to survive, these are excellent working dogs that form a close bond with their owners, and are to be seen as a family member rather than just another pet.


[] Personality – Temperament


According to the American Kennel Club (AKC), the Siberian Husky “does not display the possessive qualities of the guard dog, nor is he overly suspicious of strangers or aggressive with other dogs.”


This is a breed that has amazing endurance and loves working. It could be considered an all-rounder, as it can be used for anything, from pulling extremely heavy sleighs, makes an excellent household companion, and thrives on all types of therapy work.


These are dogs that stay puppies for life, as can be attested by their gentle, loving and gentle nature. They are, however, high energy dogs, especially while still at the puppy stage, and owners need to keep this in mind.


They are not an easy breed to train, however, and need a firm yet loving hand and consistency.


Excellent with children and friendly with strangers, they make excellent family pets that do not bark necessarily. They do, unfortunately, have a tendency to roam and are known to be great escape artists. Housebreaking is also considered a problem, but gentle persuasion and training can put an end to this kind of behavior.


As it is an extremely intelligent dog, your puppy could tend to become bored easily, and steps need to be taken to see to it that it gets the needed stimulus, otherwise you may find your home and garden a wreck.


Excellent with other pets if raised together, they make wonderful companions to those who invest the time necessary with their puppies, ensuring they become well-adjusted adults and a great addition to any household, especially those with children and other pets. By making sure your puppy gets adequate exercise, stimulation and the correct diet (they do not eat much, compared to other dogs with this level of activity), your puppy can grow up to be a great asset to you home and family.


Just remember, though, that, although your puppy might not be prone to fits of barking as many other breeds are, they do like howling, and can be quite vocal when you try forcing them to do something they do not want to.


[] Care


As mentioned, a bored husky can tend to become quite destructive and has a love for wandering around. They are also great escape artists. To this end, they need a sound, sturdy fence that is preferably sunk into the ground a foot or two to prohibit it from digging under it! His inherent curiosity can get him into trouble.


They are, generally speaking, an easy breed to care for, and need an eagle eye when in the kitchen as they have a habit of stealing food when unsupervised, especially in winter which is, traditionally, a period of famine in its original habitat.


[] Nutrition and Feeding


These are extremely high energy dogs, and, as such, need a diet that is high in protein and calories.


It is not recommended that a Siberian Husky puppy have access to food 24/7. This could lead to the dog becoming a picky eater or one that eats small amounts of food, continuously, throughout the day. The downside of this is that, because a dogs digestive system starts working as soon as it has eaten, you will land up with a puppy that defecates constantly, which makes housebreaking this difficult breed an extremely frustrating exercise indeed.


It is recommended that your puppy gets three set meals a day until it is about 12 – 16 weeks old. It will usually wean itself down to two meals a day during this period, which is perfect. A set meal time is great for housebreaking, as a puppy would, typically, need to defecate approximately 15 minutes after a meal, and knowing this, it makes your puppys housetraining task much easier.


A puppy, once it is on solid food, can be given protein, such as chicken, beef, turkey, etc. while  adding rice, pasta, and certain vegetables which supply it with the all the essential vitamins and minerals it needs. Never feed a dog onion or chocolate! It is poisonous to them and can make them extremely ill.


If you decide to feed your dog a commercial brand of dry dog food, make sure it is a high-protein, quality dog food. Cheap, popular brands are filled with all kinds of fillers to make a dog feel full, but it does not contain the nutritional content a growing, or adult, husky needs. Quality is the key!


These dogs, from about 12 weeks, are highly lactose intolerant, and should never, under any circumstances, be given milk or food that contains milk products. Doing so can make your dog ill, and it should be avoided at all costs.


They also do not need baby puppy food such as rice, for instance, after twelve weeks. Their diet should focus on protein, with a few vegetables (such as carrots or broccoli) added.


Compared to other adult dogs, a fully-grown Siberian Husky does not really eat a lot. They only eat until they feel they have had enough, do not eat when they have not had much exercise, and tend to eat more after they have. They could be deemed to be their own best weight watchers!


They can, however, be quite stubborn as far as their eating habits go. If for some reason, they have a negative encounter with a certain food, they may refuse to eat it. Some reasons for this is, are, for example, that they felt bad after eating something, they just do not like the taste, or they have gotten bored with it and want something new. Yes, they are picky!


A great tip to keep in mind is, due to their fussiness regarding all things food related, an owner should try to give them variety, by adding different vegetables or meat to their diet, and changing it up regularly. This not only ensures your dog has a varied diet that gives it all the necessary vitamins and minerals it needs, but will also ensure your stubborn puppy does not just stop eating for no apparent reason.


Talking about not eating, their dietary requirements change, and it is not strange for a dog to start eating less for a certain period. This does not mean you should feed it less because it will go back to its normal amount unexpectedly. So always feed it the same, recommended dose of food, no matter if he only takes a few mouths full and turns his nose up at the rest for a few meals.


[]Coat and Grooming


With regards to size, a fully-grown male Siberian husky stands between 21 to 23 inches high and weighs in at between 45 to 60 pounds. Females, on the other hand, stand at about 20 to 22 inches and weigh in at between 35 to 50 pounds.


They have almond-shaped eyes that are either brown or blue in color, and medium, erect, pointy ears. Their coats come in all colors and combinations.


A Siberian Husky has a double coat, with the outer coat being of a medium length, while the shorter, softer, inner coat serves as an excellent insulator against cold weather.


Although the breed tends to shed throughout the year, it sheds most of its undercoat during the warmer season and it is not unusual to see your puppy without its undercoat during this period. This lasts for about six weeks, so keep your vacuum cleaner handy!


Your puppy does not need much grooming or bathing as it is a very clean breed of dog. It needs regular brushing in order to get rid of hair that is being shed, even more regularly during the shedding season. They never need to be clipped and only need to be bathed approximately once a year.




A husky puppy is a high energy dog and needs a lot of exercise. It does not, however, need a large yard in which to do so.  In order to satisfy their need to wander, a brisk 15-minute walk in your area twice a day should do the trick. Other activities it enjoys are jogging (perfect for a health-conscious family) and swimming.


As for training your puppy, keep in mind this is an extremely intelligent yet stubborn breed, so normal dog training does not really work. Your puppys training should begin the moment you bring him home, and he should be taught his place within the pack, otherwise he will try to train you!


The most important aspect regarding this breeds training is consistency, especially with regards to house training. To this end, he needs to have a daily routine, e.g. with regards to feeding times, and when he needs to go outside to do his business. By reinforcing this over and over, he will soon learn what is expected of him, but remember, he is going to keep trying his luck until this behavior is ingrained.


Socialization should also begin immediately, not only with your immediate family members (take into consideration this is not a one-man pet) as he sees himself as part of the family. It is also necessary that he gets to know other household pets, and learns to get on with other dogs as well as people.


These dogs tend to sleep quite a lot, especially during the cold season – up to 14 hours a day.


A puppy, though, will sleep an hour or two, four to five times a day, although this will lessen as he gets older.




Being extremely healthy, robust individuals, a Husky is not a breed that has many health problems, but there are [+ two that do occur+] two that do occur: hip dysplasia, and problems with the eyes.


Hip dysplasia can often be rectified surgically, but it is advised that you do your homework and ensure you purchase your new puppy from a reputable breeder and have insight into its parents bloodlines.


With regards to eye problems, there are a few possibilities. Cataracts are often a problem, although they do not really affect the dogs eyesight, except in very extreme cases. Another is renal atrophy, which is inherited, but which can be fixed if caught early enough. Corneal dystrophy is the third eye problem, but can easily be treated by a veterinarian.


A Siberian Husky puppy is not recommended for someone who has never had a dog as a pet. It can be destructive if not trained properly, and needs to be a part of a loving home. If you are looking for a guard dog, this is not the dog for you, due to its loving and accepting nature.


Those were the Top 20 Dog breeds!

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Tired of books that have low quality information or skip valuable details assuming you know them? Are you a dog lover? Are you thinking a new 4 legged buddy at your house? Are you searching the most suitable breed for you and your family? This Book Is Made By Dog Enthusiasts For Dog Lovers. This is simply the most comprehensive, analytical and easy to understand Dog’s guide on the market!!! As a beginner you are going to need a real manual of how to welcome your new buddy. This book is exactly what you need! A real blueprint that will guide you through all the necessary steps to learn before deciding on the dog’s breed most suitable to your tastes. We will take you from the hand from which are the most popular breeds and guide you through many analytical steps until you are ready to raise your new child on your own. No things to assume, no details to be skipped! Only thing missing from this guide and this is... your choise! It covers a wide area of information, like: The top20 desired breeds World Wide The History of each breed Personality and Temperament Profile All the insights which you need to know in respect of their: Grooming Caring Training Health So don’t get late! Download this book today! See you in the park.... Woof

  • Author: Ashley L. Hunt
  • Published: 2016-06-04 07:05:31
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Dog Breeds: Top 20 Dog Breeds: Everything About Health, Temperament, Training an Dog Breeds: Top 20 Dog Breeds: Everything About Health, Temperament, Training an