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Anatomy & Physiology Terms Greek&Latin ROOTS DECODED! Vol.1 - Sample DECODED! Te

 

[Anatomy & Physiology Terms
Greek & Latin ROOTS DECODED!]

Volume 1, Sample DECODED! Terms

Copyright 2015 Lee Oliva, D.C.

By Lee Oliva, D.C.

Distributed by Smashwords, License Notes

This ebook is licensed for your personal enjoyment only. This ebook may not be re-sold or given away to other people. If you would like to share this book with another person, please purchase an additional copy for each recipient. If you’re reading this book and did not purchase it, or it was not purchased for your use only, then please return to your favorite ebook retailer and purchase your own copy. Thank you for respecting the hard work of this author.

CONTENTS

About this Sample Volume

Message from the Author

How to Use This Book

Abbreviations

Sample DECODED! Terms

-Navigable Directory of DECODED! Terms

-Greek & Latin Roots DECODED!

References

Acknowledgement

About the Author

About This Sample Volume

Anatomy and Physiology (A&P) Terms Greek & Latin Roots DECODED! promises to provide a handle on the course’s other-worldly terms from the ordinary to the esoteric ones. It may take a cursory background with the course to fully appreciate how the Greek and Latin roots communicate their concepts. As soon as the student opens an A&P text it will become self-evident that insights into the morphology and etymology of terms in this massive course will be helpful.

With this sampler volume, the author hopes to give a flavor of the contents and organization of the books. Each volume can be examined up to the Directory of DECODED! Terms. The Muscular System books (Vol.3A and Vol.3AB) contains systemic outline by region. Start by going over the English translations of Latin muscle names. Examine the table of Contents and the Directory pages.

The Greek & Latin roots that are used in Anatomy and Physiology nomenclature are estimated to be around 1200 riddled throughout the course. There are over 130 roots in this sampler volume.

The navigational capability of ebook formatting cannot be taken into large volumes. As luck would have it, limited navigation allows the author to prepare focused volumes by sections and price them reasonably. If you download 6 to 7 sections, you will spend less than US $20. The author assures a fantastic return for such a minimal investment.

The following is the projected list of books. The author’s goal is to release major sections, such as Skeletal, Nervous, Cardiovascular, Respiratory, and Urinary Systems, before the end of 2015. The rest of the sections will be out by before the end of 2016.

Vol. 1 – Sample DECODED! Terms, 130 Roots (available)

Vol. 2 – Anatomical Planes, Directions (available)

Vol. 3A – Muscular System Gross Anatomy (available)

Vol. 3AB – Muscular System Gross Anatomy & Histology (available)

Vol. 4 – Skeletal System Gross Anatomy & Histology

Vol. 5 – Skeletal & Muscular System Gross Anatomy & Histology

Vol. 6 – Joint & Articulation System, Anatomical planes

Vol. 7 – Nervous System

Vol. 8 – Nervous System, Special Senses

Vol. 9 – Cardiovascular System

Vol. 10 – Urinary System

Vol. 11 – Respiratory System

Vol. 12 – Digestive System

Vol. 13 – Integumentary System

Vol. 14 – Lymphatic System

Vol. 15 – Reproductive System

A MESSAGE FROM THE AUTHOR

Congratulations for acquiring this Anatomy and Physiology (A&P) terminology guide. Mastering these terms will ease your sojourn through the academic years of your chosen health profession.

By giving you a handle on the massive number of terms the author hopes to ease the perennial concern of Health majors about A&P: “How am I going to remember all these?”

Do peruse this book for the most mundane everyday A&P term to the most esoteric. English speakers may find some words too ordinary and the meaning, commonplace. The reasons are twofold: it will enhance your understanding of the terms (Try MUSCLE; the root will amuse you.) and these books are translated into several languages. The unique nomenclature of A&P has been agreed upon amongst countries and languages.

You will discover the fascinating and amusing metaphors and imagery of A&P Terminology. The seemingly commonplace terms hold the Aha!-discovery. You will appreciate how much Latin permeated the English Language in everyday usage. The morphology (compounding) of the terms is the “mix and match” of the root-stems with other roots and prefix-suffixes. The stems morph into two or more different terms, introducing you to more concepts.

The books are not a rehash of Google searches. It is a distillation of sources from online etymology sites, A&P text, English and Latin Dictionaries. Click through the entries; they are searchable by clicking the terms in the Directory. When you click on a term, you will be zipped to an organized and concise reference of the term’s morphology. The Root-Stems, Prefix-Suffixes truly “DECODED!” the cryptic imagery of the roots.

Latin Grammar background is not required to fully gain from these books. The reader is encouraged to scan the brief, one page, chapter HOW TO USE THIS BOOK.

If your curiosity, wonderment, and awe for Anatomy and Physiology are enhanced by this body of work, I will have fulfilled my goal.

Lee Emmanuel Oliva, D. C.

Westminster, CA
U.S.A

HOW TO USE THIS BOOK

Rest assured that there is no otherworldly Latin Grammar lesson lurking in this book. It is a direct to the point guide to the morphology and etymology of other-worldly, multi-syllabic A&P terms.

You encountered roots and stems in middle school. Here they are, again, but only with regards to Latin nouns and verbs. The stems are the direct derivation of the terms. In Latin nouns the stems are the plural forms; in verbs, the stems are the past participle forms. These are the key parts to recognize in the formation of compound A&P terms. This is illustrated below.

GUIDELINE 1 – pertains to nouns: The plural form is the direct derivation of terms.

Example 1: Os (n.; plu., Osses), a bone

The plural form, Osses, is derived for OSSIFICATION, OSSICLES

Example 2: Rete (n.; plu., Retices), a net

The plural form, Retices, is derived for RETICULUM, RETICULATED

Example 3: Caput (n.; plu., Capites), a head

The plural form, Capites, is derived for CAPITATE, CAPITULUM

NOTE: The plural forms departs to almost unrelated singular form (Os to Osses; Rete to Retices; Caput to Capites). This is the nature of Latin noun declensions; this is not a cause for concern since plural forms are indicated in the entries as shown above.

GUIDELINE 2 – Pertains to verbs: The past participle form is the direct derivation.

Example 1: Rotare (v.; Roto, Rotare, Rotavi, Rotatum), to turn, whirl around

Rotatum (past participle form), turned around
Thus, Rotatum is derived for ROTATION, ROTATOR

Example 2: Abducere (v.; Abduco, Abducere, Abduxi, Abductum), to lead away

Abductum (past participle form), led away

Thus, Abductum is derived for ABDUCTION, ABDUCTOR.

NOTE: The past participle form usually ends in –tum (Rotatum, Abductum). The rest of the entries within the parentheses, (Abduco, Abducere, Abduxi, Abductum), are mere Latin grammar convention (for the few remaining Latin Grammarians left alive).

Recognize these patterns for nouns and verbs and the rest is self-explanatory.

GUIDELINE 3 – Adjectives and prepositional derivatives are self-evident.

ABBREVIATIONS

*Greek and Latin words are bold and Italicized

Directory – Sample DECODED! Terms

ABDUCENS, ABDUCTION, ABDUCTOR

ACETABULUM, ACETABULAR

ACRO-, ACROMIOM, ACROMEGALY, ACROSOME

ALBA, ALBICANS, ALBINISM, ALBUMEN

ANDROGEN

ANUS, ANAL, ANNULUS FIBROSUS

APEX, APICAL, EPI-

ATRIUM, ATRIAL, ATRIO-

AUTONOMIC, AUTONOMOUS

AXIAL, AXON

BUCCINATOR M., BUCCA, BUCCAL

BURSA, BURSITIS

CAPILLARY

CAPITATE, CAPITIS, CAPITULUM

CAPSULE

CARPALIS, CARPI

CEPHALAD, CEPHALIC, CEPHALO-

CEREBRUM, CEREBELLUM, CEREBRAL, CEREBRO-

CERVIX, CERVICIS, CERVICAL, CERVICO-

CIRCUS, CIRCLE, CIRCULAR, CIRCULATION

CLAVICLE, CLAVICULAR

COCCYX, COCCYGEUS, COCCYGEAL

COCHLEA, COCHLEAR

COLLAGEN, COLLOID, COLLOIDAL

CONDYLE, CONDYLOID PROCESS, CONDYLAR, EPICONDYLE

CORACOID, CORACOID PROCESS, CORACO-

CORONAL, CORONAL PLANE, CORONOID, CORONOID PROCESS, CORONARY

CORPUS, CORPUSCLE, CORPUSCULAR

CORRUGATOR M.

CORTEX, CORTICAL, CORTICO-

CREMASTER M., CREMASTERIC

CRIBRIFORM

DECUSSATION, DECUSSIS

DELTOID M.

DENDRON, DENDRITE, DENDRITIC

DIGITI, DIGITORUM, DIGITALIS

DISCOID, DISC

DORSUM, DORSI, DORSALIS, DORSO-

EQUILIBRIUM

EQUINA, CAUDA EQUINA

ESTROGEN

EVAPORATION, VAPOR

FASCIA, FASCICULUS, FASCICULATE, FASCICULATION

FILAMENTUM, FILIFORMIS

FLAGELLUM, FLAGELLATED

FOLLICLE

FORAMEN, FORAMINA

FOSSA

FRENULUM

GENU, GENICULATE, GENICULAR, GENIO-

GENUS, GENESIS, GENETICS, GENITALIA, GENITALIS, GENERATOR, -GEN, GENTO-

GENITALIA, GENITOR, GENITO-

GLANS, GLANDULAR, GLANS PENIS

GLOMERULUS, GLOMERULAR, GLOMERULO-

GLUCOSE, GLUCAGON, GLUCONEOGENESIS

GONAD, GONO-/GONADO-, GONORRHEA

GRACILIS M.

HYOID B., HYO-

IMMUNE, IMMUNITY, IMMUNO-

INDEX, INDICIS

IRIS, IRID-

LABIA, LABII, LABIA MINORA, LABIA MAJORA, LABIO-

LABRUM, GLENOID LABRUM, LABRAL

LACUNA

LAMBDOID

LAMINA, LAMINAR (FLOW), LAMELLA, LAMELLATED, LAMELLAR

LATA, LATAE, LATISSIMUS, LATERAL

LUNATE, LUNULA

MALACIA, OSTEO MALACIA

MALLEUS, MALLEOLUS

MANDIBLE

MANUBRIUM, MANUBRIO-

MASSETER M.

MEATUS

MEDIUS, MEDIAL, MEDIATOR, MEDULLA, MEDULLARY

MENISCUS

MENOPAUSE

MITRAL

MOLAR, DENS MOLARIS

MOLE, MOLECULE, MOLECULAR

MONS, MONS PUBIS, MONS VENERIS

MUSCULUS, MUSCULARIS, MUSCULO-

NUCLEUS, NUCLEUS PULPOSUS, NUCLEOLUS, NUCLEO ORBIT

ODONTOID

OSSEUS, OSSICLES, OSSIFICATION, OSTEON, OSTEOPENIA, OSTEO-

OVARY, OVAL, OVULATION, OVIDUCT

PANCREAS, PANCREATIC

PATELLA

PECTINEUS M., PECTINEAL, PECTINATE, PECTINATIM

PEDAL, PEDICLE, PEDUNCULATED

PELVIS, PELVIC

PHALANX, PHALANGES, PHALANGEAL

PLACENTA, PLACENTA PREVIA

PLATYSMA M.

PONS, PONTINE

PUDENDUM, PUDENDAL N. / A.

PULPOSUS, NUCLEUS PULPOSUS

PULSE

RAMUS, RAMI

RHYTHM, RHYTHMIC

RISORIUS

SAGGITAL

SARTORIUS M

SCALENUS M.

SCAPULA, SCAPULAR

SCROTUM, SCROTAL

SERRATUS M.

SIGMOID

SOLEUS M.

STIMULUS

STYLOID, STYLOID PROCESS, STYLO-

SULCUS

SUPINE, SUPINATION, SUPINATOR M.

SUTURE, SUTURAL

SYMPATHETIC, SYMPATHECTOMY

SYNOVIUM, SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE

THYROID (GLAND), THYRO-, PARATHYROID

TRABECULUM, TRABECULAR

TUBEROUS, TUBERCLE, TUBEROSITY, PROTUBERANCE

TYMPANIC, TYMPANIC MEMBRANE

UVULA

VACCINE

VAGINA

VAGUS

VALVE, VALVARUM

VASCULAR, VASORUM, VASORUM, VESSEL

VENTRAL, VENTRICLE

VIRUS

VISCERA

VITREOUS, IN VITRO, VITRO-

VOMER B.

XIPHOID, XIPHOID PROCESS

Sample DECODED! Terms

ABDUCENS N.

brief def., Cranial N. innervates extrinsic eye muscles, Lateral Rectus M., to move away from midline

(present part. form of Abducere), literally, leading away

ABDUCTION

brief def., Motion that leads away from the saggital plane

Abductio (n.; plu., Abductiones), literally, leading away

comp., [* Abductum + -io(nes) *]

ABDUCTOR

brief def., Muscle action that leads away from the sagittal plane

(n.; plu., Abductores), literally, agent of action that leads away

comp., [* Abductum + -or(es) *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Abducere (v.; Abduco, Abducere, Abduxi, Abductum), to lead away

Abductum (past. part. of Abducere), led away

-io(nes) (n. ending), denotes noun of action; Eng., -ion(s)

-or(es) (n. ending), denotes agent of action; Eng., -or(s)

ACETABULUM

brief def., The socket part in the ball and socket joint of the hip

(n.; plu., Acetabula), metaphorically, small cup that holds vinegar

comp., [* Acetum + -bulum *]

ACETABULAR

Acetabularis (adj.), pertaining to the Acetabulum

comp., [* Acetabulum + -aris *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Acetum (n.; plu. Aceta), vinegar, acid, “wine that turned sour”

-bulum (comb. suffix), denotes a small instrument or vessel

-aris (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -ar

ACRO-

(comb. prefix;), “the highest peak”

der., Akros

ACROMEGALY

brief def., (Pathology), abnormal, excessive growth

(adj.), literally, biggest and highest

comp., [* Acro- + -megaly *]

ACROMIOM

brief def., The Acromiom Process of the Scapula

(n.; plu., Acromia), figuratively, the highest peak of the shoulder

comp., [* Acro- + Omos *]

ACROSOME

brief def., head of the spermatozoa that penetrates the fertile female egg

Acrosoma (n.), figuratively, highest part of the body;

comp., [* Acro- + -soma *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Akros Gr. adj.), highest point

FYI[[“Acropolis”,*] the highest citadel of ancient Athens

Mega-/Megaly- (comb. prefix), great, vast, mighty, important; in precise scientific language, “one million”

Omos (Gr. n.), shoulder

-soma (comb. prefix, Gr. n.), body

-alis (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -al

ALBA

ALBUM

[* Albus, -a, -um *] (adj.), white

ALBICANS

brief def., (Pathology), developing white patches

(adj.; plu., Albicantes), literally, becoming white

der., present part form of Albicare

ALBINISM

brief def., (Pathology), defect in the production of melanin

Albinismus (n.), state of whiteness

comp., [* Albus + -ismus *]

ALBUMEN

brief def., white of the egg

(n.; plu., Albumines), literally, whiteness

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Albicare (v.; Albico, albicare, Albicati, Albicatum), to whiten, to become white

Albicans (present. part. form of Albicare), becoming white

-ismus (n. ending), denotes noun of state, practice, belief, principles; Eng., -ism

ANDROGEN

brief def., Male hormone

(n.; plu., Androgenes), poetically, “male-generator”

comp., [* Andrus + -gen *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Andrus (plu., Andri), a male

-gen (comb. suffix), production, generation

ANUS

brief def., The end orifice of the digestive system

(n.; plu., Ani), figuratively, a ring, a circle

ANAL

Analis (adj.), pertaining to the anus

comp., Anus + -alis

ANNULUS

Refer to ANNULUS FIBROSUS

(n.; plu., Anuli), figuratively, a small ring, small circle

comp., [* Anus + -ulus *]; diminutive form of Anus

ANNULUS FIBROSUS

brief def., (Histology), dense fibrous cartilage of the outer ring of the intervertebral disc

FIBROSUS, dense fibrous cartilage

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

-alis (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -al

-ulus (comb. suffix), denotes diminutive form of noun; Eng., -cle

-aris (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -ar

APEX

(n.; plu., Apices), the peak

APICAL

Apicalis (adj.), pertaining to the apex

comp., [* Apices + -alis *]

EPI-

(comb. prefix), above, over

der., Apex

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

-alis (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -al

ATRIUM

brief def., The Atrial chambers of the heart

(n.; plu., Atria), metaphorically, a receiving room, front of the entrance, front waiting room

ATRIAL

Atrialis (adj.), pertaining the atrium

comp., [* Atrium + -alis *]

ATRIO-

(comb. prefix), pertaining the Atrium

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

-alis (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -al

AUTONOMIC

brief def., Refers to the Autonomic Nervous System

(adj.), metaphorically, self-rule, law, custom, self-regulation

comp., [* Auto- + Nomus + -icus *]

AUTONOMOUS

(adj.), self-rule, self-regulation

comp., [* Auto- + Nomus *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Auto- (comb. prefix), self

Nomus (n.; plu., Nomi), norm, regulation, customs, law

-icus (adj. ending), pertaining to a characteristic or function; Eng., -ic

AXIAL

brief def., Refers to the Axial Skeletal System

Axialis (adj.), figuratively, pertaining to the center

comp., [* Axis + -alis *]

AXON

brief def., Refers to the elongated process of the body of the neuron

(n.; plu., Axones), figuratively, the center, the “axle” of neurons

comp., [* Axis + -on *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Axis (n.; plu., Axes), the center

-alis (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -al

-on (comb. suffix), denotes minutely small part

BUCCINATOR M.

brief def., A facial chewing m.

(n.; plu., Buccinatores), figuratively, a trumpeter’s m.

comp., [* Buccina + -ator(es) *]

BUCCA

(n.; plu., Buccae), the cheek

BUCCAL

Buccalis (adj.), pertaining to the Buccalis M.

comp., [* Bucca + -alis *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Buccina (n.; plu., Buccinae), a shepherd’s horn, trumpet

-alis (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -al

-ator(es) (n. ending), denotes agent of action or muscle; Eng., -or(s)

BURSA

brief def., Cushion bags in large joints, especially in the shoulder, against pressure and friction

(n.; plu., Bursae), metaphorically, a leather bag, purse, pouch

BURSITIS

(Pathology), inflammation of the bursa

comp., [* Bursa + -itis *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

-itis (comb. suffix), denotes inflammatory condition

CAPILLARY

brief def., Pertains to the hair-thin blood vessel

Capillaris (adj.), figuratively, “hair-like”

comp., [* Capillus + -aris *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Capillus (n.; plu., Capilli), a strand of hair

-aris (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -ary

CAPITATE

brief def., One of the Carpal Bones

Capitatus (adj.), figuratively, provided with a head

comp., [* Capites + -atus *]

CAPITIS

(possessive form of Caput), “of the head”

CAPITULUM

brief def., Refers to the head of a long bone

(n.; Capituli), a small head

comp., [* Capites + -ulum *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Caput (n.; plu., Capites), a head

-atus (adj ending), provided with, made with

-ulum (n. ending), denotes diminutive form

CAPSULE

brief def., Joint structure providing housing, strength, synovial membrane lining

Capsulus (n.; Capsuli), metaphorically, small tube to keep small scrolls in for record-keeping

comp., [* Capsa + -ulus *]; diminutive form of Capsa

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Capsa (n.; Capsae), tubes for safekeeping of written scrolls

-ulus (n. ending), denotes diminutive form; Eng., -ule

CARPALIS

CARPAL

(adj.), pertaining to the Carpal B.

comp., [* Carpi + -alis *]

CARPI

(possessive form of Carpus), “of the wrist”

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Carpus (n.; plu., Carpi), wrist

Carpere (v.; Carpio, Carpere, Captivi, Captum), to grab, seize, capture

-alis (adj. ending), pertaining to; Eng., -al

CEPHALAD

brief def., Direction towards the head

comp., [* Cephalus + -ad *]

CEPHALIC

[* Cephalicus, -a, -um *] (adj.), pertaining to the head; derivation of “phalic”

comp., [* Cephalus + -icus *]

CEPHALO-

(comb. prefix), pertaining to the head

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Cephalus (n.; plu., Cephali; der., Gr. n., Kephalos), head

-ad (comb. suffix), towards, to

-icus (adj. ending), pertaining to a characteristic or function; Eng., -ic

CEREBRUM

(n.; plu., Cerebri), a brain

CEREBELLUM

(n.; plu., Cerebelli), a small brain

comp., [* Cerebrum + -ellum *]

CEREBRAL

Cerebralis (adj.), pertaining the Cerebrum

comp., [* Cerebrum + -alis *]

CEREBRO-

(comb. prefix), pertaining the Cerebrum

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

-alis (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -al

-ellum (comb. suffix), denotes diminutive form; Eng., -elle

CERVIX

brief def., Entry to the uterus

(n.; plu., Cervices), neck, or back of the neck

CERVICIS

(possessive form of Cervix), “of the neck”

CERVICAL (SPINE)

brief def., Cervical region of the Spinal Column

Cervicalis (adj.), pertaining to the cervical region

comp., [* Cervices + -alis *]

CERVICO-

(comb. prefix), pertaining to the cervical region

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

-alis (adj. ending), “pertaining to . . .”; Eng., -al

CIRCUS

(n.; plu. Circus), a ring, a circle, an orbit

CIRCLE

Circulus (n.; plu., Circuli), a small circle, a small round thing

comp., [* Circus + -ulus *]; diminutive form of Circus

CIRCULAR

Circularis (adj.), pertaining to the circle

comp., Circulus + *aris*

CIRCULATION

brief def., fluid distribution in the body, blood, water, lymphatics

Circulatio (n.; plu., Circulationes), the process/act of going around

comp., [* Circulus + -atio *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

[* Circus, -a, -um *] (adj.), round, circular, around

-ulus (comb. suffix), denotes diminutive form; Eng., -cle

-aris (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -ar

-atio(nes) (n. ending), denotes noun of action; Eng., -tion(s)

CLAVICLE

brief def., The collar bone

Claviculum (n.; plu., Clavicula), figuratively, a small bolt, key, a twig

comp., [* Clavis + -ulum *]; diminutive form of Clavis

CLAVICULAR

Clavicularis (adj.), pertaining to the clavicle

comp., [* Claviculum + -aris *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Clavis (n.; plu., Claves), a key, twig, tendril, door bolt

-ulum (comb. suffix), denotes diminutive form; Eng., -cle

-aris (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -ar

COCCYX

brief def., The tail bone

(n.; plu., Coccyges), metaphorically, a cuckoo, a bird

COCCYGEUS

[* Coccygeus, -ea, -eum *] (adj.), resembling a cuckoo; pertaining to the coccyx bone

der., Coccyges

COCCYGEAL

Coccygealis (adj.), pertaining to the coccyx bone

comp., [* Coccyges + -alis *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

-alis (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -al

COCHLEA

brief def., formed by the Cochlear Ducts that provide CN VIII mechanism (inner ear)

(n.; plu., Cochleae), metaphorically, snail with spiral shell

COCHLEAR

Cochlearis (adj.), pertaining to the cochlea

comp., [* Cochlea + -aris *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

-aris (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -ar

COLLAGEN

brief def., Connective tissue found in skin, joints

(n.; plu., Collagines), metaphorically, generates glue for attachment

comp., [* Colla + -gen *]

COLLOID

brief def., Proteins providing osmotic pressure in the blood stream

(adj.), resembling glue; acts like glue

comp., [* Colla + -oid *]

COLLOIDAL

(adj.), pertaining to the colloid substance

comp., [* Colloid + -alis *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Colla (n.; plu., Collae), a glue

-gen (comb. suffix), production, generation

-oid (adj. ending), resembling, “looking like . . .”

-alis (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -al

CONDYLE

brief def., Rounded ends of long bones resembling a knuckle

Condylus (n.; plu., Condyli), figuratively, a knuckle, a fist

CONDYLOID PROCESS

brief def., bony projection in long bones resembling a knuckle

PROCESS, bony prominence or landmark

CONDYLAR

Condylaris (adj.), pertaining to the condyle

comp., [* Condylus + -aris *]

EPICONDYLE

above the condyle

Epi-, above

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Condylus (n.; plu., Condyli), a knuckle

-oid (adj. ending), resembling, “looking like . . .”

-aris (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -ar

CORACOID

(adj.), poetically, resembling a crow, raven

comp., [* Coraces + -oid *]

CORACOID PROCESS

brief def., bony projection of the Scapula resembling a crow

PROCESS, projection or prominence

CORACO-

(comb. prefix), relating to the coracoid process

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Corax (n.; plu., Coraces), a crow, a raven

-oid (adj. ending), resembling, “looking like . . .”

CORONAL

(adj.), metaphorically, “in a manner of a crown”

comp., [* Corona + -alis *]

CORONAL PLANE

brief def., Imaginary plane dividing anterior from posterior aspect of Anatomy

figuratively, as the crown is worn;

CORONOID

(adj.), resembling a crown

comp., [* Corona + -oid *]

CORONOID PROCESS

bony projection resembling a crown

PROCESS, bony projection or prominence

CORONARY

brief def., Arterial distribution of the heart

(adj.), figuratively, refers to the arteries around the heart representing a crown-like arrangement

comp., [* Corona + -arium *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Corona (n.; plu., Coronae), a crown, garland

-alis (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -al

-oid (adj. ending), resembling, “looking like . . .”

-arium (n. ending), denotes a function; Eng., -ary

CORPUS

CORPORA

(n.; plu., Corpores), a body

CORPUSCLE

brief def., Blood cells flowing in the plasma appeared like small bodies

Corpusculus (n.; plu., Corpusculi), metaphorically, a small body;

comp., [* Corpus + -culus *]; diminutive form of Corpus

CORPUSCULAR

(adj.), pertaining to the corpuscle

comp., [* Corpusculus + -aris *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

-culus (comb. suffix), denotes diminutive form; Eng., -cle

-aris (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -ar

CORRUGATOR M.

(n.; plu., Corrugatores), a muscle action mechanism that wrinkles the skin

comp., [* Corrugatum + -or (es) *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Corrugare (v.; Corrugo, Corrugare, Corruguti, Corrugatum), to wrinkle up

Corrugatum (past part. form of Corrugare), wrinkled up

or(es) (n. ending), denotes muscle/mechanism of an action; Eng., -or(s)

CORTEX

brief def., Outer covering of a gland, outer part of bones

(n.; plu., Cortices), metaphorically, shell of nuts, bark, coat of seeds

CORTICAL

(adj.), pertaining to the cortex

comp., [* Cortices + -alis *]

CORTICO-

(comb. prefix), pertaining to the Cortex

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

-alis (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -al

CREMASTER M.

brief def., m. controls the ups and downs of the Scrotum

(n.; plu., Cremasteres), figuratively, a suspended purse for hanging things

CREMASTERIC

Cremastericus (adj.), pertaining to the Cremaster M.

comp., [* Cremaster + -icus *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

-icus (adj. ending), pertaining to a characteristic or function; Eng., -ic

CRIBRIFORM

brief def., Perforations in the Sphenoid Bone for Olfactory nerve fibers

(adj.), figuratively, resembling a sieve

comp., [* Cribri + -formis *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Cribrum (n., plu., Cribri), a sieve

-formis (adj. ending), “shaped like a . . . “; Eng., -form

DECUSSATION

brief def., crossing over of stimulus in the spinal cord

Decussatio (n.; plu., Decussationes), figuratively, crossing-over

comp., [* Decussatum + -io(nes) *]

DECUSSIS

brief def., Crossing nerve fibers in the optical chiasma

(adj.), crosswise, X-wise

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Decussare (v.; Decusso, Decussare, Decussi, Decussatum), to cross over

Decussatum (past part. form of Decussare), crossed over

-io(nes) (n. ending), suffixed to past part. denotes noun of action; Eng., -ion

DELTOID M.

brief def., Triangular muscle of the shoulder

(adj.), figuratively, m. resembling a triangle

comp., [* Delta + -oid *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Delta (4th letter of Gr. alphabet, Δ), a triangle

-oid (adj. ending), resembling, “looking like . . .”

DENDRON

brief def., Branchings of neurons resemble a tree

(Gr. n.; plu., Dendra), figuratively, a tree

DENDRITES

brief def., Branching from the axon of neurons

(Gr. n.), figuratively, small branching of trees

DENDRITIC

Dendriticus (adj.), dendrite-like

comp., [* Dendrites + -icus *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

-icus (adj. ending), pertaining to a characteristic or function; Eng., -ic

DIGITI

DIGITS

Digitus (n.; plu., Digiti), a finger

DIGITORUM

(plu. possessive form of Digitus), of the fingers

DIGITALIS

DIGITAL

(adj.), pertaining to the finger

comp., [* Digitus + -alis *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

-alis (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -al

DISC

DISK

brief def., Intervertebral Disks, also, Articular Discs, some large joints are provided with discs

Discus/Diskus (n.; plu., Disci), metaphorically, a circular wood, 7” in diameter, thick in the middle, used in throwing competition in track & field events

DISCOID

(adj.; resembling a disk

comp., [* Discus + -oid *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

-oid (adj. ending), resembling, “looking like . . .”

DORSUM

(n.; plu., Dorsi), the back of humans or animal

DORSI

(possessive form of Dorsum), of the back

DORSALIS

DORSAL

(adj.), pertaining to the back of humans or animals

comp., [* Dorsi + -alis *]

DORSO-

(comb. prefix), pertaining to the back of an animal or human

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

-alis (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -al

EQUILIBRIUM

brief def., Refers to balance

[* Equilibrius, -a, -um *] (adj.), metaphorically, equal weight

comp., Aequus + Libra

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

[* Aequus, -ua, -uum *] (adj.), equal

Librum (n.; plu., Libra), weights, scales

EQUINA

[* Equinus, -a, -um *] (adj.), metaphorically, horse-like

CAUDA EQUINA, “horse-like tail”

CAUDA, tail

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Aequus (n.; plu., Aequi), a horse

ESTROGEN

brief def., Female Hormone

(organic comp.), poetically, causes irresistible madness, gadfly, poetic rage, anger, inspiration

comp., [* Estrus + -gen *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Estrus (n.), gadfly, poetic rage, “frenzied passion,” “anger”, irresistible mad impulse, inspiration

-gen (comb. suffix), production, generation

EVAPORATION

Evaporatio (n.; Evaporationes), the formation/state of vapor

comp., [* Ex- + Vapor- + -atio *]

VAPOR

(n.; plu., Vapores), warm breath, steam

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Ex- (comb. prefix), from, out of

Vapor (n. plu., Vapores) moisture, “a warm exhalation, steam, heat,”

-atio(nes) (n. ending), denotes noun of action; Eng., -tion

FASCIA

brief def., Whitish bandages of muscle bundles

(n.; plu., Fasciae), figuratively, a band, bandage, girdle, wrapping

FASCICULUS

FASCICLE

(n.; plu., Fasciculi), a small bundle

comp., [* Fascia + -culus *]; diminutive form of Fascia

FASCICULATE

[* Fasciculatus, -a, -um *] (adj.), girdled, bandaged, provided with wrapping

comp., [* Fasciculus + -atus *]

FASCICULATION

Fasciculatio (n.; Fasciculationes), the process of bandaging, banding, wrapping

comp., [* Fasciculus + -atio(nes) *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Fascis (n.; plu., Fasces), bandage, wrapping

-culus (comb. suffix), denotes diminutive form; Eng., -cle

-atus (adj. ending), denotes “provided with”; Eng., -ate

-atio(nes) (n. ending), denotes noun of action; Eng., -tion(s)

FILAMENTUM

brief def., Muscle fiber (MYOFILAMENT) at the tissue level

(n.; plu., Filamenta), metaphorically, a fine thread

comp., [* Fila + -mentum *]

FILIFORMIS

(adj.), like a fine thread

comp., [* Filum + -formis *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Filum (n.; plu., Fila), a fine thread

-mentum (n. ending), added to verb root to denote the result or product of the action; i.e., commencement, merriment

-formis (adj. ending), shaped, like . . .; Eng., -form

FLAGELLUM

brief def., tails of cells for locomotion resembling a whip

(n.; plu., Flagella), metaphorically, a tiny whip

comp., [* Flagrum + -ellum *]; diminutive form of Flagrum

FLAGELLATED

brief def., cells equipped with a tiny whip, “tail,”

(adj.), provided with a whip

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Flagrum (n.; plu., Flagra), a whip

-ellum (comb. suffix), denotes diminutive form of root noun

FOLLICLE

brief def., the roots of hairs magnified is shaped like a sac

(n.; plu., Folliculi), metaphorically, a little sac

comp., [* Follis + -culus *]; dim. form of Follis

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Follis (n.; plu., Folles), a leather bag, sac, purse

-culus (n. ending), denotes diminutive form; Eng., -cle

FORAMEN

(n.; plu., Foramenes), an opening, hole

FORAMINA

(n.; plu., Foraminae), a small hole,

comp., [* Foramen + -ina *]

dim. form of Foramen

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

-ina (comb. suffix), denotes diminutive form; Eng., -ine

FOSSA

brief def., The inside contour of the skull is replete with fossae, depressions

( n.; plu., Fossae), figuratively, a ditch, trench, or pit in the ground

FRENULUM

brief def., The upper lip and the sublingual is held down securely by Frenula

(n.; plu., Frenula), metaphorically, a small bridle, rein

comp., [* Frenum + -ulum *]; diminutive form of Frenum

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Frenum (n.; plu., Frena), a bridle, rein, stop, control

-ulum (n. ending), denotes diminutive form; Eng., -ule

GENU

(n.; plu., Genu), the knee

GENICULATE

[* Geniculatus, -a, -um *] (adj.), bent, jointed like a knee, knotted

comp., [* Geniculum + -atus *]

GENICULAR

Genicularis (adj.), pertaining to the bent knee

comp., [* Geniculum + -aris *]

GENIO-

brief def., The arch of the mandible is referred to as Genu/Genio-

(comb. prefix), pertaining to the knee

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Geniculum (n.; plu., Genicula), bent knot of branches, small knee

Comp., [* Genu + -culum; *] diminutive form of Genu

-culum (comb. suffix), denotes diminutive form of root noun; Eng., -ule

-atus (adj. ending), denotes characteristic; Eng., -ate

-aris (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -al /-ar

GENUS

GENE

(n.; plu., Generes), race, origins, kinds, stocks, ancestries

GENESIS

(n.; plu., Geneses), beginning, origin

GENETICS

The Science of inherited characteristics, origin, race

GENITALIA

(n.; plu., Genitaliae), the sexual organ

GENITALIS

GENITAL

(adj.), pertaining to the reproductive organ

comp., [* Genitalia + -alis *]

GENERATOR

GENITOR

(n.; plu., Genitores), begetters, fathers, producers

comp., [* Genitum + -or(es) *]

GEN / GENO

(comb. prefix), pertaining to race, producer, kind, stock, origin

GENITO-

(comb. prefix), pertaining to the sexual organ

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Gens (n.; plu., Gentes), people, humanity

-or(es) (n. ending), denotes agent/mechanism of an action; Eng., -or

-alis (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -al/-ar

-icus (adj. ending), pertaining to a characteristic or function; Eng., -ic

Generare (v.; Genero, Generare, Genitavi, Genitum), to beget, to produce, bring to life

Genatum (past part. form of Generare), begotten, born, offspring

GLANS

GLAND

brief def., A gland

(n.; plu., Glandes), figuratively, an acorn nut; acorn-shaped nut

GLANS PENIS

the head (Phalus) of the penis (resembling an acorn)

GLANDULAR

Glandularis (adj.), pertaining to the small gland . . .

comp., [* Glandulum + -aris *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Glandulum (n.; plu., Glandula), small gland

comp., [* Glandes + -ulum; *] dim. form of Glans

-ulum (n. ending), denotes diminutive form of root noun; Eng., -ule

-aris (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -al/-ar

GLOMERULUS

brief def., functional unit of kidney

(n.; plu., Glomeruli), figuratively, a small ball of thread

comp., [* Glomeres + -ulus; *] dim. form of Glomus

GLOMERULAR

(adj.), pertaining to the Glomerulus

comp., [* Glomerulus + -aris *]

GLOMERULO-

(comb. prefix), pertaining to the Glomerulus

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Glomus (n.; plu., Glomeres), a ball of thread

-aris (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -ar

GLUCOSE

brief def., First line raw material for energy production

(organic comp.), metaphorically, sweet starch

comp., [* Glykys + -ose *]

GLUCAGON

brief def., Precursor to stored Glucose

(organic comp.), literally, “leading to sugar”

comp., [* Gleukos + -Agon *]

GLUCONEOGENESIS

brief def., Production of Glucose from reserves such as fats and proteins when Glucose is depleted

(n.; plu., Guconeogeneses), literally, generation of new glucose

comp., [* Glucose + Neo- + Genesis *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Gleukos (Gr. n.), “sweet wine,”

Glykys (Gr. adj.), “sweet”

-ose (comb. suffix), sugar

Agon (Gr. v.), to lead

Neo- (comb. prefix), new

Genesis (n., plu., Geneses), origin, beginning

GONAD

brief def., Male sexual gland and organ

Gonas (n.; plu., Gonades), poetically, seed, generation, family roots, birth, descent, race

GONO-

GONADO-

(comb. prefix), pertaining to the gonad

GONORRHEA

(Pathology), literally, flow from the sexual organ

comp., Gonus + Rrhea

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Gonas (n.; plu., Gonades), seeds, descendant, race, family, birth root

GRACILIS M.

(adj.), slim, slender, long and thin m.

HYOID B.

brief def., Bone shaped like Hyus, μ,

(adj.), figuratively, resembling a Hyus, μ, in the shape of “Hye”

comp., [* Hyus + -oid *]

HYO-

(comb. prefix), pertaining to the Hyoid B.

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Hyus (Gr. Alphabet), Upsilon, μ, (pronounced “hye”),

-oid (adj. ending), resembling, “looking like . . .”

IMMUNE

brief def., Modern medicine, a sense of “protection from common disease”

Immunis (adj.;), classically, exempted from performing public service or obligation;

comp., [* Im- + Munis *]

IMMUNITY

brief def., Current meaning, protections from common diseases

Immunitas (n.; plu., Immunitates), classical sense, “exemption from service,”

IMMUNO-

(comb. prefix), immunity

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Im- (comb. prefix), exemption from, without

Munis (n.; plu., Muneres), “public service, civic obligation, common service,”

-atio(nes) (n. ending), denotes noun of action; Eng., -tion

INDEX

(n.; plu., Indices), pointing finger, indicator

INDICIS

(sing. possessive form of Index), of the pointing finger

IRIS

brief def., The dark center of the eyes surrounding the pupil

(n.; plu., Irides), poetically, a rainbow (referring to different colors of the eyes)

IRID-

(comb. prefix; der., Irides), pertaining to the Iris

LABIA

Labium (n.; plu., Labia), Anatomically, the two lips

Metaphorically, the Labia Minora and Labia Majora

LABII

(possessive form of Labium), “of the lips”

LABIA MINORA

lesser lips

Minora, lesser

LABIA MAJORA

greater lips

Majora, greater

LABIO-

(comb. prefix), pertaining to the lips

LABRUM

(n.; plu., Labra; var. of Labium), a lip

GLENOID LABRUM

lip or rim of the Glenoid Fossa

LABRAL

Labralis (adj.), pertaining to the lips or rim of Glenoid Fossa

comp., L[* abra + -alis *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

-alis (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -al

LACUNA

(n.; plu., Lacunae), literally, a pond, lagoon

Site for Osteocytes

LAMBDOID

brief def., Lambdoid Suture along the superior border of Occiput

(adj.), figuratively, resembling Gr. alphabet Lambda, Λ

comp., [* Lambda + -oid *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Lambda (Gr. alphabet), the 11th letter, Λ

-oid (adj. ending), resembling, “looking like . . .”

LAMINA

brief def., A thin layer covering

(n.; plu., Laminae), metaphorically, thin sheet of metal plate

LAMINAR (FLOW)

Laminaris (adj.), non-turbulent flow of fluid in parallel layers

comp., [* Lamina + -aris *]

LAMELLA

brief def., Structured layers of compact bone

(n.; plu., Lamellae), literally, very thin layers of covering

comp., [* Lamina + -ella *]; diminutive form of Lamina

LAMELLATED

(adj. form of Lamella), provided with thin layers

LAMELLAR

(adj.), Pertaing to the Lamellar layers

comp., [* Lamellae + -aris *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

-ella (comb. suffix), denotes diminutive form; Eng., -elle

-aris (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -ar

LATA

[* Latus, -a, -um *] (adj.) side, wide

LATAE

(possessive form of Lata), “of the side”

LATISSIMUS

[* Latissimus, -a, -um *] (adj.; superlative form of Latus), the most lateral, the widest

LATERAL

(adj.), pertaining to the side

comb., [* Lateres + -alis *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Latus (n.; plu., Lateres), the side, flank of humans or animals

-alis (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -al

LUNATE

[* Lunatus, -a, -um *] (adj.), metaphorically, shaped like a moon

LUNULA

brief def., Growth center at the base of the nail shaped like half-moon

(n.; plu., Lunulae), small moon

comp., [* Luna + -ula *]; diminutive form of Luna

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Luna (n.; plu.., Lunae), a moon

-ula (comb. suffix), denotes diminutive form; Eng., -ule

MALACIA

(n.; plu., Malaciae), a softness, weakness

OSTEOMALACIA

bone weakness (pre-osteoporosity)

OSTEO- (comb. prefix), bone

MALLEUS

brief def., One of the three ossicles in the ears

(n.; plu., Mallei), figuratively, a hammer

MALLEOLUS

brief def., Prominent process at distal ends of Tibia and Fibula

(n.; plu., Malleoli), figuratively, a small hammer

comp., [* Malleus + -ulus *]; diminutive form of Malleus

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

-ulus (comb. suffix), denotes diminutive form; Eng., -ule

MANDIBLE

brief def., The lower jaw bone

Mandibulum (n.; plu., Mandibula), a small tool for chewing

Comp., [* Mandere + -bulum *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Mandere (Mando, Mandere, Mandavi, Massum), to chew

-bulum (comb. suffix), denotes a small instrument

MANUBRIUM

brief def., The superior part of the Sternum resembles a handle

(n.; plu., Manubria), figuratively, a handle

MANUBRIO-

(comb. prefix), pertaining to the Manubrium

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Manus (n.; plu., Manus), a hand

MASSETER M.

brief def., The most powerful chewing muscle

(n.; plu., Massetres), a grinder m.

der., Massum

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Mandere (v.; Mando, Mandere, Mandi, Massum), to chew, grind

Massum (past part. form of Mandere), ground

MEATUS

(n.; plu., Meati), channel like opening

MEDIUS

MEDIA

[* Medius, -ia, -ium *] (adj.), middle

MEDIAL

Medialis (adj.), pertaining to the middle

comp., [* Media + -alis *]

MEDULLA

brief def., The pith of the long bones, kidneys, glands

(n.), literally, small middle part

comp., [* Medius + -ulla; *] dim. form of Media

MEDULLARY

Medullaris (adj.), pertaining to the medulla

comp., [* Medulla + -aris *]

MEDIATOR

(n.; plu., Mediatores), one who is in the middle to facilitate, one that enables

comp., [* Media + -ator *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

-ulla (comb. suffix), denotes diminutive form; Eng., -el

-ator(es) (n. ending), denotes agent of a function; Eng., -or(s)

-alis/-aris (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -al/-ary

MENISCUS

brief def., The cartilage between the femur and tibial plateau

(n.; plu., Menisci), figuratively, a crescent moon

MENOPAUSE

brief def., The cessation of the monthly period

(n.), a cessation of the month

comp., Mens + Pausis

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Mens (n.; plu., Menses), a month

Pausis (n.; plu., Pauses), a pause, a cause to cease; earlier sense, “change of life”

MITRAL

brief def., The mitral valve resemble the bishop’s mitre

(adj.) in a shape of a bishop’s mitre

comp., [* Mitra + -alis *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Mitra (n.; plu., Mitrae), a head dress worn by women

Mitre ( Fr. n.), bishop’s ceremonial cap

-alis (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -al

MOLAR

brief def., The grinder teeth

(n.; plu., Molares), metaphorically, a grinding stone

MOLARIS (short for DENS MOLARIS)

pertaining to the Molar Tooth

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

-aris (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -ar

MOLE

Molis (n.; plu., Moles), any mater possessing a mass

MOLECULE

Moleculus (n.; plu., Moleculi), extremely minute matter mass comp., [* Moles + -culus *]; diminutive form of Molis

MOLECULAR

Molecularis (adj.), of extremely minute particle

comp., [* Moleculus + -aris *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

-culus (comb. suffix), denotes diminutive form; Eng., -cule

-aris (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -ar

MONS

Mons (n.; plu., Montes), a mountain

MONS PUBIS.

Anatomically precise “a mountain of Puberty”

PUBIS, of the pubic bone

MONS VENERIS

Poetic license, “a mountain of Venus”

VENERIS, “of Venus”

MUSCULUS

(n.; plu., Musculi), figuratively, a little mouse (fancied semblance to muscles)

comp., [* Mus + -culus *]; diminutive form of Mus

MUSCULARIS

comp., [* Musculus + -aris *]

(adj.), pertaining to the muscle (small mouse)

MUSCULO-

(comb. prefix), muscular

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Mus (n.; plu., Mures), mouse

-culus (comb. suffix), denotes diminutive form of root noun; Eng., -cule

-aris (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -ar

NUCLEUS

brief def., The nucleus of the cell

(n.; plu., Nuclei), metaphorically, a kernel, seed, nut

NUCLEUS PULPOSUS

brief def., The soft center of the Vertebral Disks

PULPOSUS, metaphorically, meat of the fruit

NUCLEOLUS

(n.; plu., Nucleoli), small seed

comp., [* Nuleus + -ulus *]; diminutive form of Nucleus

NUCLEAR

Nuclearis (adj.), pertaining to the nucleus

comp., [* Nucleus + -aris *]

NUCLEIC

(adj.), pertaining to the nucleus

comp., [* Nucleus + -icus *]

NUCLEO-

(comb. prefix), pertaining to the nucleus

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

-ulus (comb. suffix), denotes diminutive form; Eng., -ule

-aris (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -ar

-icus (adj. ending), pertaining to a characteristic or function; Eng., -ic

ODONTOID

brief def., special term for the tooth-like process of C-2

(adj.), metaphorically, resembling a tooth; var. of Dens

comp., [* Dentes + -oid *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Dens (n.; plu., Dentes), a tooth

-oid (adj. ending), resembling, “looking like . . .”

OSSEUS

[* Osseus, -ea, -um *] (adj.) bony

OSSICLES

brief def., small bones in the middle ear

Ossiculus (n.; plu., Ossiculi), a small bone

comp., [* Osses + -culus *]; dim. form of Osses

OSSIFICATION

(n.; plu., Ossificationes), the process/state of bone production

comp., [* Ossis +- fic + atio(nes) *]

OSTEON

(Gr. n.), a bone

OSTEOPENIA

brief def., Precursor to Osteoporosity

(n.), a weak bone due to less density

comp., [* Osteo- + Penia *]

OSTEO-

(comb. prefix), pertaining to bones

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Os (n,; plu., Osses), a bone

-culus (comb. suffix), denotes diminutive form of root noun; Eng., -cle

-fic (comb. suffix), made, done

-atio(nes) (n. ending), suffix to past part. denotes noun of action; Eng., -tion

[* Penius, -ia, -ium *] (adj.), weak, soft, lacking

OVARY

Ovarium (n.; plu., Ovaria), a site for egg production

comp., Ov[* a + -arium *]

OVULATION

Ovulatio (n.; plu., Ovulationes), the process of producing small eggs

comp., [* Ovulus + -atio(nes) *]

OVIDUCT

brief def., tube/channel for egg transport from Ovary

(n.), figuratively, passageway to lead the egg away

comp., Ovum + Ductum

OVAL

brief def., pertaining to the Ovum

Ovalis (adj.), shaped like an egg

comp., [* Ovum + -alis *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Ovum (n.: plu., Ova), an egg

-arium (n. ending), denotes a site for a function/purpose; Eng., -ary

-ulus (comb. suffix), denotes diminutive form; Eng., -cle

Ovulus (n.; plu., Ovuli), small egg

comp., [* Ovum + -ulus *]; diminutive form of Ovum

-atio(nes) (n. ending), denotes noun of action; Eng., -ation

Ductum (past part. form of Ducere), led to

-alis (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -al

PANCREAS

Pankreas (Gr. n.), metaphorically, named after the shape of a sweet bread in ancient Greece

comp., Pan + Kreas

PANCREATIC

[* Pancreaticus, -a, -um *] (adj.), pertaining to the pancreas

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Pan (n.; plu., Panes), bread

Kreas (Gr. n.), flesh

PATELLA

brief def., The knee bone

(n.; plu., Patellae), figuratively, a small plate

PATELLAR

Patellaris (adj.), pertaining the Patellar B.

comp., [* Patella + -aris *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

-aris (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -ar

PECTINEUS M.

brief def., Wide muscle of the inner thigh

[* Pectineus, -ea, -um *] (adj.), figuratively, m. resembling a comb

PECTINEAL

(adj.), pertaining the Pectineus M.

comp., [* Pectines + -alis *]

PECTINATE

[* Pectinatus, -a, -um *] (adj.), combed, raked

der., Pectinatum

PECTINATIM

(adj.), resembling a comb

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Pectinare (v.; Pectino, Pectinare, Pecti, Pectinatum), to comb

Pectinatum (past part. form of Pectinare), combed

Pecten (n.; plu., Pectines), a comb, rake

-alis (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -al

PEDAL

(adj.), pertaining to the foot

comp., [* Pedes + -alis *]

PEDICLE

brief def., Refers to the articulating processes between vertebrae

Pediculus (n.; plu., Pediculi), a small foot

comp., [* Pedes + -culus; *] diminutive form of Pes

PEDUNCULATED

brief def., Skin tags or any skin growth with narrow attachment

Pedunculatus (adj.), provided with a small foot

comp., [* Pedunculus + -atus *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Pes (n.; plu., Pedes), a foot

Pedunculus (n.; plu., Pedunculi), a small foot comp., [* Pedes + -unculus *]; diminutive form of Pes

-atus (adj. ending), denotes “possessing . . . “; Eng., -ated der., past part form

PELVIS

brief def., The pelvic bowl is also referred as the pelvic basin

(n.; plu., Pelves), literally, a basin

PELVIC

(adj.), pertaining to the pelvis

comp., [* Pelvis + -icus *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

-icus (adj. ending), pertaining to a function or characteristic; Eng., -ic

PHALANX

PHALANGES

brief def., The bones of the digits and toes

(n.; plu., Phalanges), metaphorically, military formation with spears drawn forward for battle

PHALANGEAL

(adj.), pertaining to the phalanges

comp., [* Phalanges + -alis *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

-alis (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -al

PLACENTA (short for PLACENTA UTERINA)

brief def., Membranous fetal lining

Placentum (n.; plu., Placenta), metaphorically, flat, circular cake or flat bread

literally, “uterine cake, “ due to the shape of the placenta when laid on the table

PLACENTA PREVIA

brief def., Water break during delivery

Literally, Placenta that has gone ahead

PREVIA, ahead

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Placenta (n.), a flat cake

FYI: Plakoeis (Gr. adj.), flat

[* Praevius, -ia, -ium *] (adj.), gone before, advanced, ahead

PLATYSMA M.

brief def., Thin, stretched wide m. of the neck

(n.; plu., Platysmae), flat and wide object

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Plat (Gr. n.), flat surface or thing

Platys (Gr. adj.), flat, stretched out

PONS

brief def., The bridge of the brain to the spinal cord

(n.; plu., Pontes), a bridge

PONTINE

brief def., bridging the cord and the brain

Pontinus (adj.), bridge-like

comp., [* Pontes + -inus *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

-inus (adj. ending) denotes function, adjective

PUDENDUM

brief def., The region around the groin and perineum

(past part. form of Pudere), poetically, embarrassed, ashamed

PUDENDAL N. / A.

Pudendalis (adj.), pertaining to the pudendal N. or A. affecting the perineum

comp., [* Pudendum + -alis *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

-alis (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -al

PULPOSUS

brief def., NUCLEUS PULPOSUS, the soft central portion of the Intervertebral Disc

[* Pulposus, -a, -um *], (adj.), figuratively, soft, fleshy, pulpy

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Pulpa (n.; plu., Pulpae), the pulp, fleshy soft part of the fruit

PULSE

brief def., Lub-dub beat of the heart

Pulsum (past part. form of Pellere), metaphorically, beaten like drum, rapid double beat

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Pellere (Pelleo, Pellere, Pulsi, Pulsum), to beat a drum,

RAMUS

RAMI

brief def., Branching extension of bones from their main body

(n.; plu., Rami), a branch

RHYTHM

brief def., Pattern of the heart beat

Rhythmus (n.; plu., Rhythmi), figuratively, flowing motion; “measured movement”

RHYTHMIC

Rhythmicus (adj.), pertaining to heart beat

comp., [* Rhythmus + -icus *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

-icus (adj. ending), pertaining to a characteristic or function; Eng., -ic

RISORIUS

brief def., Facial muscle that elevates the mouth during smiling

[* Risorius, -ia, -ium *] (adj.), literally, laughing, smiling M.

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Risus (n.; plu., Risores), smile, laughter

SAGGITAL

brief def., Anatomical plane separating anterior from posterior aspect

Saggitalis (adj.), figuratively, pertaining to the bow and arrow

comp., [* Saggita + -alis *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Saggita (n.; plu., Saggitae), bow and arrow

-alis (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -al

FYI: Saggitarius (n.; plu., Saggitarii), an archer

SARTORIUS M.

brief def., Medial thigh muscle that externally rotates the thigh

(n.; plu., Sartorii), metaphorically, a tailor’s m.

comp., [* Sartum + -orium *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Sarcire (v.; Sarcio, Sarcire, Sarti, Sartum), to tailor, patch

Sartum (past part. form of Sarcire), tailored, patched

-orium (n. ending), denotes a functional site; Eng., -ory

SCALENUS M

SCALENE

brief def., Three mm. on the llateral aspect of the neck aid in breathing, lateral flexion of neck

[* Scalenus, -a, -um *] (adj.), figuratively, triangular figure having 3 unequal sides,

SCAPULA

brief def., The shoulder blade

(n.; plu., Scapulae), metaphorically, a spade, shovel

SCAPULAR

Scapularis (adj.), pertaining to the scapula

comp., [* Scapula + -aris *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

-aris (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -ar

SCROTUM

brief def., Purse-like integumentary investment of the testes

(n.; plu., Scrota), literally, a hide or leather purse;

SCROTAL

Scrotalis (adj.), pertaining to the scrotum

comp., [* Scrotum + -alis *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

-alis (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -al

SERRATUS M.

brief def., m. like saw teeth

[* Serratus, -a, -um *] (adj.), saw-toothed

SIGMOID

brief def., An s-flexure section of the colon next to the rectum

(adj.), figuratively, resembling S- shape;

comp., [* Sigma + -oid *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Sigma (18th letter Gr. alphabet), sigma, Σ; letter S

-oid (adj. ending), resembling, “looking like . . .”

SOLEUS M.

brief def., Muscle of the calf so called for its flatness

Soleus, -ea, -eum (adj.), flat m. as in the shape of a sandal

der., Solea

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Solea (n.; plu., Soleae), a sandal

STIMULUS

brief def., Nerve messages that cause the body sensation, mentation, response, life

(n.; plu., Stimuli), metaphorically, a small pointed stake to drive cattle, goad slaves

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Stimulare (v.; Stimulo, Stimulare, Stimulavi, Stimulatum), to prick, to goad, to stir up, to sting

STYLOID

brief def., Sharp, pointed bony process of bones

(adj.), figuratively, resembling a pointed instrument

comp., [* Stilus + -oid *]

STYLOID PROCESS

a sharp and pointed bony projection

PROCESS, bony prominence or projection

STYLO-

(comb prefix), pertaining to the Styloid Process

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Stylus/Stilus (n.; plu. Stili), a pointed instrument for writing on clay tablet

-oid (adj. ending), resembling, “looking like . . .”

SULCUS

brief def., Depressions on the surface of the brain

(n.; plu., Sulci), figuratively, a trench, ditch, furrow, plowed farm land

SUPINE

brief def., Anatomically, lying on ones back

[* Supinus, -a, -um *] (adj.), literally, “the spine underneath”;

comp., [* Sub- + Spina *]

SUPINATION

Supinatio (n.; plu., Supinationes), to lay on one’s back

comp., [* Supinatum + -io(nes) *]

SUPINATOR M.

(n.; plu., Supinatores), muscles of the forearm causing the palms of the hands to face anteriorly

comp., [* Supinatum + -or(es) *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Sub- (comb. prefix), under, below

Spina (n.; plu., Spinae), a thorn, backbone

-io(nes) (n. ending), denotes noun of action; Eng., -tion

-or(es) (n. ending), denotes agent/mechanism of an action; Eng., -or

SUTURE

brief def., Joint seams between cranial bones.

Sutura (n.; plu., Suturae), metaphorically, a stitch, seam, suture

SUTURAL

Suturalis (adj.), pertaining to the suture joint

comp., [* Sutura + -alis *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

-alis (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -al

SYMPATHETIC

brief def., Autonomic nervous phase of fight and strong emotions

Sympatheticus (adj.), with sensitivity, strong feeling

comp., [* Sym + Pathus + -iticus *]

SYMPATHECTOMY

(Surgery), excision of a Sympathetic N.

comp., [* Sympathetic + -ec + -tomy *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Sym- (comb. suffix), with, together

Pathus (n.; plu., Pathi), sensitivity, strong feeling

-iticus (adj. ending), pertaining to a characteristic/ function; Eng., -itic

ec/Ex (comb. suffix), away, without

-tomy (comb suffix), cut

SYNOVIUM

brief def., Fluid produced by the Synovial membrane

(n.; plu., Synovia), literally, “with egg”

comp., [* Syn + Ovum + -ia *]

SYNOVIAL

Synovialis (adj.), pertaining to the synovium

comp., [* Synovia + -alis *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Sym (comb. prefix), with, together, alongside

Pathus (n.; plu., Pathus), feeling, suffering , sensitive

-iticus (adj. ending), pertaining to a characteristic or function; Eng., -tic

ec/ex (comb. prefix), from, out, away

-tomy (comb. prefix), cut

THYROID (GLAND)

brief def., A gland controlling metabolism

(adj.), a gland resembling an oblong-shaped shield

comp., [* Thyrus + -oid *]

THYRO-

(comb. prefix), about the thyroid

PARATHYROID

(adj.), literally, “next to the oblong-shaped shield” gland

comp., [* Para- + Thyrus + -oid *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Thyrus (n.; plu., Thyri), an oblong shield

-oid (adj. ending), resembling, “looking like . . .”

Para (comb. prefix), next to, close to, akin to, for

TRABECULUM

TRABECULA

brief def., structural pattern of cancellous bone

(n.; plu., Trabecula), metaphorically, structural small posts and beams and crossbars

comp., [* Trabes + -culum *]; diminutive form of Trabs

TRABECULAR

Trabecularis (adj.), pertaining to the posts, beams, and crossbar structure of the cancellous bone

comp., [* Trabecula + -aris *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Trabs ( n.; plu., Trabes), post and beam, brace

-culum (comb. suffix), denotes diminutive form; Eng., -cule

-aris (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -ar

TUBEROUS

brief def., Rough enlarged bony landmark for muscle origination/insertion

[* Tuberus, -a, -um *] (adj.), figuratively, enlarged roots

TUBEROSITY

Tuberositas (n.; plu., Tuberositates), rough prominent landmark of a bone

TUBERCLE

Tuberculus (n.; plu., Tuberculi), smaller landmark of bones for muscle origination/insertion

comp., [* Tuber + -culus *]; diminutive form of Tuber

PROTUBERANCE

brief def., A prominent protrusion on a bone

comp., [* Pro- + Tuber + -ence *]

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Tuber (n.; plu., Tuberes), “edible root, truffle”; lump, bump, projections, enlarged bony feature

-culus (comb. suffix), denotes diminutive form; Eng., -cule

-itas (n. ending), denotes ability, characteristic; Eng., -ity

Pro- (comb. prefix), for

-ence (n. ending), noun of action from adjective

TYMPANIC

brief def., The ear drum

(adj.), metaphorically, tambourine-like

comp., [* Tympanus + -icus *]

TYMPANIC MEMBRANE

tambourine-like membrane in the ears

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Tympanus (n.; plu., Tympani; Gr., Tympanon), a flat drum, tambourine, a kettledrum, timbrel

-icus (adj. ending), pertaining to a characteristic or function; Eng., -ic

UVULA

brief def., Receives stimulus to close pharynx when swallowing

(n.; plu., Uvulae), figuratively, a small grape berry

comp., [* Uva + -ula; *] diminutive form of Uva

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Uva (n.; plu., Uvae), a grape berry

-ula (comb. suffix), diminutive form; Eng., -ule

VACCINE

brief def., substance from the cow for vaccination

[* Vaccinus, -a, -um *] (adj.), pertaining to cow

der., Vacca

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Vacca (n.; plu., Vaccae), a cow

VAGINA

(n.; Vaginae), a sheath, scabbard

VAGUS

brief def., Vagus N. has a unpredictable “wandering” pattern

[* Vagus, -a, -um *] (adj.), metaphorically, wondering, undetermined

VALVE

brief def., Prevent back flows of blood by closing the “double door”

Valva (n.; plu., Valvae), metaphorically, double folding door

VALVARUM

Valvarum (plu. possessive form of Valva), “of the folding doors”

VASCULAR

brief def.,pertaining to blood vessels

Vascularis (adj.), figuratively, pertaining to the small vas

comp., [* Vasculus + -aris *]

VASORUM

Vasorum (plural possessive form of Vas), “of the vessels”

VESSEL

brief def., The vascular part of the blood circulation der., Vas

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Vas (n.; plu., Vasses), a vessel, container to hold liquid, duct conveying blood, lymph, semen, etc.

Vasculus (n.; plu., Vasculi), small vessel comp., [* Vas + -culus *]; diminutive form of Vas

-culus (n. ending), denotes diminutive form; Eng., -ule

-aris (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -ar

VENTRAL

brief def., a.k.a., Anterior

Ventralis (adj.), metaphorically, pertaining to the belly or womb

comp., [* Ventres + -alis *]

VENTRICLE

brief def., The left and right ventricles of the heart have contours like bellies

Ventriculus (n.; plu., Ventriculi), a small womb, stomach

comp., [* Venter + -iculus *]; diminutive form of Venter

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Venter (n.; plu., Ventres), a stomach, womb, paunch

Ventris (sing. possessive form of Venter), “of the belly”

-alis (adj. ending), pertaining to . . .; Eng., -al

-iculus (n. ending), denotes diminutive form; Eng., -cle

VIRUS

brief def., Subcellular organisms that invade the nucleus of cells

Virus (n.; plu., Viri), metaphorically, “venomous substance,” poisonous sap of plants

VISCERA

Viscus (n.; plu., Visceres), fleshy, soft part of internal organs

VITREOUS

brief def., Vitreous Humor, the clear, transparent watery fluid that fills the eyeball

* Vitreous*[* , -a, -um *] (adj.), figuratively, glasslike, glassy

IN VITRO

inside the glass (glass test tube)

VITRO-

(comb. suffix; der., Vitrus), glassy

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Vitrus (n.; plu., Vitri), glass

VOMER B.

brief def., The Vomer B. resembles the shape of a plowshare

(n.; plu., Vomeres), used metaphorically, a plowshare

XIPHOID

brief def., the inferior end of the sternum resembles a knife

(adj.), figuratively, resembling a knife

comp., [* Xiphus + -oid *]

XIPHOID PROCESS

a process resembling a knife

PROCESS, a prominent projection or landmark of a bone

ROOT-STEMS, PREFIX-SUFFIXES

Xiphus (n.; plu., Xiphi), a knife

-oid (adj. ending), resembling, “looks like . . .”

ACKNOWLEGEMENT

I am deeply indebted to the generous Vincentian Priests who gave me a classical education at the Saint Vincent’s Seminary: 5 years of Latin Grammar, Cicero, Ancient History, Castellan Spanish and the King’s English. I would like to thank Bro. Henry Escurel,C.M. for sharing my enthusiasm for this book and for the priests and brothers in Adamson University who warmly welcomed me. I would like to extend a special thanks to Fr. Constancio Gan, C.M., who was my English teacher and in several subjects in my years at Saint Vincent’s. Without the classical education the Vincentians gave me generously I could not have conceived of this book.

When I entered Palmer College of Chiropractic – West in 1990 I came to a pleasant surprise of how much Latin there is in Anatomy and Physiology. The Chiropractic focus on the Musculo-Skeletal frame and Bio-mechanics was the seminal idea for this book. Thanks to Tamara Haslip who encouraged me to do it.

For more than a year I struggled to organize the huge volume of terms without considerable progress and direction. Michelle Basco, a bright graduate of BSN immediately understood my problem. She helped me collect 4000+ terms from an A&P textbook, tracked their corresponding Latin roots and organized them into a manageable format. Thanks to Michelle for putting up with my obsessive work style. I’m extending thanks to my sister, Lourdes, for letting me use her place while I worked with Michelle for hours on end.

I would like to thank a few friends and apologize to them for bearing with my grandiose announcements: “I’m writing this book . . . on and on, ad nauseam”. A special thanks to Armet Archibald, a famed AP Physics teacher in Huntington Beach, CA. In a social event he accidentally blurted a pearl of wisdom that shaped the format of this work. With a yawn, he uttered: “You are interested in this subject because you have a Latin background. Ambitious students are not interested in learning Latin. They just want to get an A.” Out of this shoot-from-the-hip sincerity, I strove to create a succint A&P terminology guide, avoiding discussion of uninteresting Latin declension and conjugation. And Voila! In surfer talk, “Thanks, Dude.”

I extend my thanks to my sister, Mimi, and Liza, my niece, who I equally bored with my obsessive rant about this project. My “bgff”, Marilou, who is the most non-academic person around me, gave me the tersest, no-nonsense critique when I ask for an opinion. Humbly, I implemented most of her recommendation. One would never know where the best advice would come from.

Finally, my brother, Joe, opened my mind to a mindset of “now” thinking. He gave me the realization that I can publish my book in sections; now it’s possible to have the book out sooner than I thought. It took more than a year to get to his advice, but here is the first one.

About the Author

Lee Oliva, Doctor of Chiropractic, graduated from Palmer College of Chiropractic West., San Jose, California (1994). He practices in La Puente and Duarte, California. Including the writing of this A&P study guide series, most events that took place in his life are unforeseen, such as getting a classical education from a catholic seminary, getting educated in the U.S., acquiring a Doctor of Chiropractic license before midlife engulfed him, and actually practicing Chiropractic until today. He is tirelessly interested on things out of the ordinary, such as tackling these books, writing stories, yoga, gardening and alternative health care. He hopes and asks the Dear Lord for healthy life long enough to complete the DECODED! series and write a few stories. He lives by the words of wisdom inscribed in the U.S. currency bills: “In God We Trust”. He urges everyone to do the same who is troubled in our troubled world.

References:

Cassels New Latin Dictionary: Latin-English, English-Latin (1968) / edited by D. P. Simpson. New York: Funk & Wagnalls

Harper, Douglas ( 2001-2015), http://etymonline.com/. Retrieved from July/2014 – Dec./2014.

Oxford English Dictionary, The, Second Edition (1989) / edited by James A. H. Murray, Henry Bradley, W. A. Craigie and C. T. Onions. Oxford : Clarendon Press

Oxford Latin Dictionary / edited by P.G.W. Glare (1982). New York, NY: Oxford University Press

Random House Webster’s Unabridged Dictionary, Second Edition (2001). New York, NY: Random House, Inc.

Seeley, Rod R., Trent D. Stephens, Philip Tate (2007), Anatomy & Physiology, Sixth

Edition. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Higher education.

Cover: Latin Quote from Vesalius’ Anatomy Notes; retrieved Aug. 30, 2015 from http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/


Anatomy & Physiology Terms Greek&Latin ROOTS DECODED! Vol.1 - Sample DECODED! Te

A&P Terms Greek&Latin ROOTS DECODED! a systematic and easy guide to the ancient origins of its nomenclature. Easy: click on the term in the Directory and you will be linked to its morphology. Discovering the imagery and metaphor of common Greek and Latin words to name an A&P part or concept facilitates understanding and recall. By "dissecting" the terms' roots and stems, prefixes and suffixes the student will gain deeper appreciation for the significance of the terms, beyond laborious memorization. Use this reference for the simplest of terms to the most other-worldly. Highly recommended for early entry into the health field. Helpful for non-English speakers going into the health profession and English teachers who want to introduce students to the language of medicine and allied health field.

  • Author: Lee Oliva
  • Published: 2015-09-14 23:05:17
  • Words: 9382
Anatomy & Physiology Terms Greek&Latin ROOTS DECODED! Vol.1 - Sample DECODED! Te Anatomy & Physiology Terms Greek&Latin ROOTS DECODED! Vol.1 - Sample DECODED! Te