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Plant Families in Pictures

Plant Families in Pictures

Claude Trudel


Published by Claude Trudel at Shakespir


Copyright 2017 Claude Trudel


ISBN 978-2-9815044-2-5 (ePub)


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Plant Families




Presentation >

The photographs illustrating the Plant Families in Pictures were taken by Claude Trudel at the Montréal Botanical Garden.

Plant families are listed in alphabetical order (botanical name), with a plant example (common name, botanical name ‘cultivar name’, origin, photo). The botanical names are in italic.

The plants of the Montréal Botanical Garden come from all continents. They are grouped in thirty thematic gardens, the ten exhibition greenhouses and the vast arboretum.


Plant Families >

Acanthaceae Aceraceae Acoraceae Adoxaceae Agavaceae Aizoaceae Alismataceae Alliaceae Amaranthaceae Amaryllidaceae Apiaceae Apocynaceae Aquifoliaceae Anemiaceae Araceae Araliaceae Araucariaceae Arecaceae Asparagaceae Aspleniaceae Asteraceae Athyriaceae

Balsaminaceae Begoniaceae Berberidaceae Betulaceae Bixaceae Blechnaceae Boraginaceae Brassicaceae Bromeliaceae Buddlejaceae Buxaceae

Cactaceae Caesalpiniaceae Calycanthaceae Campanulaceae Cannabaceae Cannaceae Caprifoliaceae Caricaceae Caryophyllaceae Celastraceae Cercidiphyllaceae Cibotiaceae Cleomaceae Clethraceae Clusiaceae Combretaceae Commelinaceae Convolvulaceae Cornaceae Costaceae Crassulaceae Cucurbitaceae Cupressaceae Cycadaceae Cyperaceae

Datiscaceae Dicksoniaceae Didiereaceae Dioscoreaceae Dipsacaceae Dryopteridaceae

Elaeagnaceae Ericaceae Equisetaceae Euphorbiaceae


Geraniaceae Gesneriaceae Ginkgoaceae Goodeniaceae

Haemodoraceae Heliconiaceae Hippuridaceae Hydrangeaceae



Lamiaceae Lauraceae Liliaceae Loganiaceae Lycopodiaceae Lythraceae

Malvaceae Marantaceae Marattiaceae Melastomataceae Meliaceae Menyanthaceae Mimosaceae Moraceae Musaceae Myrtaceae

Nepenthaceae Nephrolepidaceae Nyctaginaceae Nymphaeaceae

Oleaceae Onagraceae Orchidaceae

Pandanaceae Papaveraceae Passifloraceae Pinaceae Piperaceae Pittosporaceae Plantaginaceae Poaceae Podocarpaceae Polemoniaceae Polypodiaceae Pontederiaceae Portulacaceae Primulaceae Pteridaceae

eae Rosaceae Rubiaceae Rutaceae

Sapindaceae Sapotaceae Sarraceniaceae Saururaceae Saxifragaceae Scrophulariaceae Solanaceae Strelitziaceae

Taxaceae Taxodiaceae Theaceae Thelypteridaceae Thymelaeaceae Tropaeolaceae Typhaceae

Ulmaceae Urticaceae

Verbenaceae Violaceae Vitaceae


Zamiaceae Zingiberaceae Zygophyllaceae



Acanthaceae >

Lollipop Plant, Pachystachys lutea, Brazil, Ecuador and Peru

Aceraceae >

Japanese Maple, Acer palmatum ‘Bloodgood’

Acoraceae >

Grassy-leaved Sweet Flag, Acorus gramineus ‘Oborozuki’, Horticultural origin

Adoxaceae >

Common Elderberry, Sambucus canadensis ‘York’, Horticultural origin

Agavaceae >

Century Plant, Agave sebastiana, Northwest Mexico

Aizoaceae >

Yellow Hardy Ice Plant, Delosperma nubigenum, South Africa and Lesotho

Alismataceae >

Giant Arrowhead, Sagittaria montevidensis, United States, Mexico and South America

Alliaceae >

Chinese Chives, Allium tuberosum, South East Asia

Amaranthaceae >

Southern Huauzontle, Chenopodium berlandieri ssp. nuttalliae, Mexico

Amaryllidaceae >

Spider Lily, Hymenocallis littoralis, Tropical America

Apiaceae >

Celery, Apium graveolens gr. dulce ‘Utah’, Horticultural origin

Apocynaceae >

Hubricht’s Bluestar, Amsonia hubrichtii ‘Halfway to Arkansas’, Horticultural origin

Aquifoliaceae >

Smooth Winterberry, Ilex laevigata, Maine to Pennsylvania and Virginia

Anemiaceae >

Flowering Fern, Anemia rotundifolia, Brazil

Araceae >

Anthurium, Anthurium bakeri, Mexico to Guyana and Ecuador

Araliaceae >

Udo, Aralia cordata, Eastcentral and southern China, Japan

Araucariaceae >

Norfolk Island Pine, Araucaria heterophylla, Norfolk Island (Australia)

Arecaceae >

Yellow Butterfly Palm, Chrysalidocarpus lutescens, Madagascar

Asparagaceae >

New Zealand Cabbage Tree, Cordyline australis ‘Coral’, Horticultural origin

Aspleniaceae >

Spleenwort, Asplenium antiquum, China (Taiwan) and Japan

Asteraceae >

Woodland Sunflower, Helianthus divaricatus, East of North America

Athyriaceae >

Prolific False Spleenwort, Deparia prolifera, Tropical Asia and Polynesia

Balsaminaceae >

New Guinea Impatiens, Impatiens hawkeri ‘Divine Orchid’, Horticultural origin

Begoniaceae >

Begonia, Begonia x hybrida ‘Megawatt Red’, Horticultural origin

Berberidaceae >

Barberry, Berberis ‘Emerald Carousel’, Horticultural origin

Betulaceae >

American Hazelnut, Corylus americana ‘Purpleleaf Bailey Select’, Horticultural origin

Bixaceae >

Annatto Tree, Bixa orellana, Tropical America

Blechnaceae >

Brazilian Tree Fern, Blechnum brasiliense, Brazil and Peru

Boraginaceae >

Common Heliotrope, Heliotropium arborescens, Peru

Brassicaceae >

Collard, Brassica oleracea (Acephala Group), Horticultural origin

Bromeliaceae >

Guzmania (Tufted Airplant), Guzmania sanguinea, Costa Rica to Ecuador

Buddlejaceae >

Butterfly Bush, Buddleja davidii ‘Dartmoor’, Horticultural origin

Buxaceae >

Boxwood, Buxus ‘Green Velvet’, Horticultural origin

Cactaceae >

Parodia, Parodia leninghausii, South of Brazil

Caesalpiniaceae >

Tamarind Tree, Tamarindus indica, Tropical Africa

Calycanthaceae >

Wintersweet, Chimonanthus praecox, China

Campanulaceae >

Balloon Flower, Platycodon grandiflorus ‘Mariesii’, Horticultural origin

Cannabaceae >

Chinese Hackberry, Celtis sinensis, Penjing collection, China

Cannaceae >

Canna, Canna x generalis ‘Morning Star’, Horticultural origin

Caprifoliaceae >

European Honeysuckle, Lonicera periclymenum ‘Scentsation’, Horticultural origin

Caricaceae >

Papaya, Carica papaya, Originating in Southern Mexico

Caryophyllaceae >

Sandwort, Minuartia graminifolia ssp. rosani, Southern Italy

Celastraceae >

Oriental Bittersweet, Celastrus orbiculatus ‘Hercules’, Horticultural origin

Cercidiphyllaceae >

Katsura Tree, Cercidiphyllum japonicum, Japan, Korea and China

Cibotiaceae >

Hawaiian Tree Fern, Cibotium glaucum, Hawaii

Cleomaceae >

Spider Flower, Cleome ‘Sparkler White’, Horticultural origin

Clethraceae >

Sweet Perrerbush, Clethra alnifolia ‘Ruby Spice’, Horticultural origin

Clusiaceae >

Mundu, Garcinia dulcis, Moluccas

Combretaceae >

Gregorywood, Bucida buceras, Penjing collection, 15 years

Commelinaceae >

Blue Ginger, Dichorisandra thyrsiflora, South-East of Brazil

Convolvulaceae >

Silver Ponysfoot, Dichondra argentea ‘Silver Falls’, Horticultural origin

Cornaceae >

Tatarian Dogwood, Cornus alba ‘Cream Cracker’, Horticultural origin

Costaceae >

Pineapple Ginger, Tapeinochilos ananassae, Moluccas in the Northeast of the Australia

Crassulaceae >

Stonecrop, Sedum craigii, Central and Northwest Mexico

Cucurbitaceae >

Watermelon, Citrullus lanatus ‘Harvest Moon’, Horticultural origin

Cupressaceae >

Juniper, Juniperus x media ‘Angelica Blue’, Horticultural origin

Cycadaceae >

Queen Sago, Cycas circinalis, India

Cyperaceae >

Egyptian Paper Reed, Cyperus papyrus ‘Graceful Grasses King Tut’, Egypt

Datiscaceae >

Bastard Hemp, Datisca cannabina, Eurasia

Dicksoniaceae >

Rough Tree Fern, Dicksonia squarrosa, New Zealand

Didiereaceae >

Elephant Bush, Portulacaria afra ‘Tricolor’, Horticultural origin

Dioscoreaceae >

Yam, Dioscorea Batatas, Asia (China)

Dipsacaceae >

Caucasian scabious, Scabiosa caucasica ‘Perfecta Alba’, Horticultural origin

Dryopteridaceae >

Mourning Shield Fern, Polystichum luctuosum, From South Africa to East Asia

Elaeagnaceae >

Common Sea Buckthorn, Hippophae rhamnoides ‘Tatjana’, Horticultural origin

Ericaceae >

Large Cranberry, Vaccinium macrocarpon, Northeastern North America and Northern Asia

Equisetaceae >

Tall Scouring Rush, Equisetum hyemale ssp. affine, North America

Euphorbiaceae >

Poinsettia, Euphorbia pulcherrima, Horticultural origin

Fabaceae >

Sleeping Plant, Chamaecrista fasciculata var. fasciculata, Mexico and East of United States

Geraniaceae >

Cranesbill, Geranium ‘Tiny Monster’, Horticultural origin

Gesneriaceae >

Temple Bells, Smithiantha multiflora, Gesneriaceae, Mexico

Ginkgoaceae >

Maidenhair Tree, Ginkgo biloba, China

Goodeniaceae >

Beach Naupaka, Scaevola taccada, Shores of the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean

Haemodoraceae >

Kangaroo Paw, Anigozanthos manglesii ‘Kanga Yellow’, Horticultural origin

Heliconiaceae >

Parrot Flower, Heliconia psittacorum ‘Kathy’, Horticultural origin

Hippuridaceae >

Mare’s Tail, Hippuris vulgaris, Eurasia, North America and Patagonia

Hydrangeaceae >

Hortensia, Hydrangea macrophylla ‘Endless Summer BloomStruck’, Horticultural origin

Iridaceae >

Leopard Lily, Iris domestica, From the Himalayas to the Japan and Philippines

Juglandaceae >

Mockernut Hickory, Carya tomentosa, Eastern United States

Lamiaceae >

Scarlet Sage, Salvia splendens ‘Grandstand Salmon’, Horticultural origin

Lauraceae >

Lanyu Island Cinnamon, Cinnamomum kotoense, China

Liliaceae >

Daylily, Hemerocallis ‘Thankful Song’, Horticultural origin

Loganiaceae >

Indian Pink, Spigelia marilandica, Southeast of the United States

Lycopodiaceae >

Layered Tassel Fern, Huperzia phlegmaroides, Northeast of the Australia and Melanesia

Lythraceae >

Swamp Loosestrife, Decodon verticillatus, Central and Eastern North America

Malvaceae >

Hardy Hibiscus, Hibiscus moscheutos ‘Blue River II’, Horticultural origin

Marantaceae >

Stromanthe, Stromanthe sanguinea ‘Triostar’, Horticultural origin

Marattiaceae >

Giant Fern, Angiopteris evecta, Tropical Pacific

Melastomataceae >

Chandelier Plant, Medinilla crassata, Philippines

Meliaceae >

Chinese Perfume, Aglaia odorata, China, Cambodia, Thailand and Vietnam

Menyanthaceae >

Yellow Floating Heart, Nymphoides peltata, Eurasia

Mimosaceae >

Sensitive Plant, Mimosa pudica, Originating in Tropical America

Moraceae >

Fiddle-leaf Fig, Ficus lyrata, Tropical Africa

Musaceae >

Banana Tree, Musa ‘Gorop’, Horticultural origin

Myrtaceae >

Weeping Bottlebrush, Callistemon viminalis ‘Red Cascade’, Horticultural origin

Nepenthaceae >

Winged Tropical Pitcher Plant, Nepenthes alata, Southeast Asia

Nephrolepidaceae >

Sword Fern, Nephrolepis exaltata ‘Tiger Fern’, Horticultural origin

Nyctaginaceae >

Paper Flower, Bougainvillea glabra ‘Royal Purple’, Penjing collection, 25 years

Nymphaeaceae >

Giant Water Lily, Victoria ‘Longwood Hybrid’, Horticultural origin

Oleaceae >

Winter Jasmine, Jasminum nudiflorum ‘Nanum’, Penjing collection, 40 years, China

Onagraceae >

Sundrops, Oenothera fruticosa ‘Fireworks’, Horticultural origin

Orchidaceae >

Orchid, x Potinara ‘Haw Yuan Gold 0-2’ AM/AOS, Horticultural origin

Pandanaceae >

Common Screw Pine, Pandanus utilis, Mascarene Archipelago

Papaveraceae >

Red Horned Poppy, Glaucium corniculatum, Europe and South-West Asia

Passifloraceae >

Virgin Islands Passion Flower, Passiflora murucuja, Antilles

Pinaceae >

Schwerin Pine, Pinus x schwerinii, Horticultural origin

Piperaceae >

Baby Rubber Plant, Peperomia obtusifolia ‘Variegata’, Horticultural origin

Pittosporaceae >

Japanese Pittosporum, Pittosporum tobira ‘Variegatum’, Horticultural origin

Plantaginaceae >

Summer Snapdragon, Angelonia angustifolia ‘Serenita Pink’, Horticultural origin

Poaceae >

Feather Reed Grass, Calamagrostis x acutiflora ‘Avalanche’, Horticultural origin

Podocarpaceae >

Bigleaf Podocarp, Podocarpus macrophyllus ‘Maki’, Horticultural origin

Polemoniaceae >

Garden Phlox, Phlox paniculata ‘Franz Schubert’, Horticultural origin

Polypodiaceae >

Three Finger Tongue Fern, Pyrrosia hastata, China, Korea and Japan

Pontederiaceae >

Water Hyacinth, Eichhornia crassipes, Horticultural origin

Portulacaceae >

Rose Moss, Portulaca grandiflora ‘Mojave Fuchsia’, Horticultural origin

Primulaceae >

Lowland Yellow Loosestrife, Lysimachia hybrida, Central and Eastern North America

Pteridaceae >

Large-leaf Maidenhair, Adiantum macrophyllum, Tropical America

Ranunculaceae >

Carmichael’s Monkshood, Aconitum carmichaelii, Central and East China, North Vietnam

Rosaceae >

Hybrid Tea Rose, Rosa ‘Love and peace’, Horticultural origin

Rubiaceae >

Taffeta Plant, Hoffmannia discolor, Mexico and Central America

Rutaceae >

Mandarin Tree, Citrus reticulata, Horticultural origin

Sapindaceae >

Ohio Buckeye, Aesculus glabra, Central East of North America

Sapotaceae >

Sapodilla Tree, Manilkara zapota, Mexico and Central America

Sarraceniaceae >

White Pitcher Plant, Sarracenia leucophylla, Southeast and Central United States

Saururaceae >

Chameleon Plant, Houttuynia cordata, East Asia

Saxifragaceae >

Heartleaf Bergenia, Bergenia cordifolia ‘New Winter Flowering Hybrids’, Horticultural origin

Scrophulariaceae >

Tree Jockey, Dermatobotrys saundersii, South Africa and Madagascar

Solanaceae >

Sticky Nightshade, Solanum sisymbriifolium, Peru, Brazil to Argentina

Strelitziaceae >

South American Travellers Palm, Phenakospermum guyannense, Brazil, Guyana and Suriname

Taxaceae >

Japanese Yew, Taxus cuspidata ‘Dwarf Bright Gold’, Horticultural origin

Taxodiaceae >

Dawn Redwood, Metasequoia glyptostroboides, Native to China

Theaceae >

Common Camellia, Camellia japonica, Japan and Korea

Thelypteridaceae >

Jamaican Maiden Fern, Thelypteris serra, Greater Antilles

Thymelaeaceae >

Daphne, Daphne x transatlantica ‘Summer Ice’, Horticultural origin

Tropaeolaceae >

Nasturtium, Tropaeolum ‘Whirlybird’, Horticultural origin

Typhaceae >

Narrow-leaved Cattail, Typha angustifolia, North America and Eurasia

Ulmaceae >

Chinese Elm, Ulmus parvifolia, Penjing collection, 60 years, China

Urticaceae >

Depressed Clearweed, Pilea depressa, Antilles

Verbenaceae >

Chinese Hat Plant, Holmskioldia sanguinea, Himalaya

Violaceae >

Violet, Viola ‘Tiger Eye Yellow Imp.’, Horticultural origin

Vitaceae >

West Indian Holly, Leea guineensis, Tropical Africa and Tropical Asia

Xanthorrhoeaceae >

Daylily, Hemerocallis ‘North Wind Dancer’, Horticultural origin

Zamiaceae >

Edible-seed Cycad, Dioon edule, Central and Northern Mexico

Zingiberaceae >

Variegated Ginger, Alpinia vittata, Solomon Islands

Zygophyllaceae >

Lignum Vitae, Guaiacum officinale, West Indies, Northern South America


References >

A / Books

Cheers, Gordon; Page, Suzanne; Olds, Margaret; dir. – Botanica. The Illustrated A-Z of over 10,000 Garden Plants and How to Cultivate Them. – 1024p. – Potsdam: H.F. Ullmann, 2013. – ISBN 978-3-8480-0287-0.

Erhardt, Walter et al. – The Timber Press Dictionary of Plant Names. – 18th edition. – Portland: Timber Press / Eugen Ulmer KG, 2009. – 920p. – ISBN 978-1-60469-115-3.

Hay, Roy; Synge, Patrick M.; Kalmbacher, George. – The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. – Compact Edition. – New York: Crown Publishers, 1992. – 584p. – ISBN 0-517-52456-2.

Heywood, V. H.; Brummitt, R. K.; Culham, A.; Seberg, O. – Flowering Plant Families of the World. – Richmond Hill: Firefly Books, 2007. – 424p. – ISBN 978-1-55407-206-4.

B / Sites

Missouri Botanical Garden (MBG)

Montréal Botanical Garden (JBM)

Plants Database (USDA)

Royal Botanical Gardens (Kew)

The Plant List (Kew & MBG)


Author >

Claude Trudel is an amateur of nature and photography.

The photographs illustrating the Plant Families in Pictures have a dimension of only 320 × 180 pixels. They are taken from the album [+ Flore du Jardin botanique de Montréal+]. The hundreds of photos in this album have a 2048 × 1152 pixels size. They may be used for free for non-commercial educational purposes under a CC BY-NC-SA license.

Claude Trudel published at Shakespir four books of mapping, three guides specialized, three collections of reviews, and two short short stories. These eBooks are free.

E-mail for comments and suggestions: [email protected]


Plant Families in Pictures – Version 1


Dépôt légal – Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec, 2017



Plant Families in Pictures

The photographs illustrating the “Plant Families in Pictures” were taken by Claude Trudel at the Montréal Botanical Garden. The many plants of the Montréal Botanical Garden come from all continents. They are grouped in thirty thematic gardens, the ten exhibition greenhouses and the vast arboretum. In this book, plant families are listed in alphabetical order (botanical name), with a plant example (common name, botanical name ‘cultivar name’, origin, photo). The botanical names are in italic. - Claude Trudel is an amateur of nature and photography. The photographs illustrating the “Plant Families in Pictures” have a dimension of only 320 x 180 pixels. They are taken from the album “Flore du Jardin botanique de Montréal”. The hundreds of photos in this album have a 2048 x 1152 pixels size. They may be used for free for non-commercial educational purposes under a CC BY-NC-SA license. - Claude Trudel published at Smashwords many other free books.

  • ISBN: 9782981504425
  • Author: Claude Trudel
  • Published: 2017-02-01 18:50:14
  • Words: 1971
Plant Families in Pictures Plant Families in Pictures