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Learn Guitar: Volume 1: Discover Everything You Need To Know About The Guitar Be

© Copyright 2016 by Jamie Harris All Rights Reserved.

This document is geared towards providing exact and reliable information in regards to the topic and issue covered. The publication is sold with the idea that the publisher is not required to render accounting, officially permitted, or otherwise, qualified services. If advice is necessary, legal or professional, a practiced individual in the profession should be ordered.

- From a Declaration of Principles which was accepted and approved equally by a Committee of the American Bar Association and a Committee of Publishers and Associations.

In no way is it legal to reproduce, duplicate, or transmit any part of this document in either electronic means or in printed format. Recording of this publication is strictly prohibited and any storage of this document is not allowed unless with written permission from the publisher. All rights reserved.

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p<>. Table Of Contents

Introduction

Chapter 1

Advantages Of Playing The Guitar – Reasons Why You Should Learn The Guitar Before Playing It.

Chapter 2

The Anatomy Of The Guitar (The Acoustic & Electric Guitars)

Chapter 3

Choosing The Right Guitar & Components – A Guide To Cables, Strings & Picks

Chapter 4

How To Hold A Guitar (Different Positions To Consider)

Chapter 5

How To Tune The Guitar (Different Tuning Options)

Chapter 6

How To Read Tablature

Chapter 7

General Tips & Ideas For Beginners

Conclusion [*
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[][][]Introduction

I want to thank you and congratulate you for downloading this book.

The guitar, as we all know is one of the most popular musical instruments in the world. As a matter of fact, the guitar has shot many famous people into stardom than any other musical instruments in the world but unfortunately, most people are skeptical or scared about where to start with the instrument. This is the main reason why this book has been carefully written and organized to guide you to start your journey on becoming a master of the guitar.

This book contains proven steps and strategies on how to become a truly professional guitar player, regardless of whether you want to be a professional or a guitarist for fun. There are numerous benefits of playing the guitar, but there is no way you can enjoy these benefits without learning the basics. Learning the act of playing the guitar starts with understanding its anatomy, and getting the right strings, cables, picks and straps, and then understanding how to read guitar tabs (also known as tablature).

Here’s an inescapable fact: you will need to learn the basics of guitar before you can play the instrument at the professional levels. This book is all about taking you through the different phases of learning the guitar, in the most simplest form. As a beginner, you need to learn the different methods of tuning the guitar, and then you need to learn how to read tabs, and choosing the most suitable guitar brands that will suit your need. These are just few of the benefits you will derive from this book.

If you do not develop your guitar skills, you will end up playing the instrument randomly without purpose. This book will help you improve your dexterity, even if you have been playing the guitar before. This guide will help you develop your skills in such a way that you will be able to perform at the highest levels. The simple fact about the guitar is that the more you learn and practice it, the better you become.

It’s time for you to become an amazing guitarist, you need to upgrade your guitar-playing skills in order to develop your intellectual capabilities, improve your coordination, heal your emotional imbalances, become more flexible with the musical instrument and even teach every other person around you. Let this book guide you through your journey into stardom and fame! [*
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Chapter 1

Advantages Of Playing The Guitar – Reasons Why You Should Learn The Guitar Before Playing It.

Quite a lot of research has been conducted on the intellectual and emotional benefits of playing the guitar, and results have shown that those who learn to play the instruments from the basics seem to derive more pleasure than those who accidentally stumble on the instrument. When you are learning to play an instrument, you may be lured easily to enjoy your favourite music while playing the guitar along and this may quickly prevent you from learning from the basics because you may be convinced that you don’t need such.

Here are some of the most significant reasons and benefits of learning to play the guitar;

  • It improves the memory

Several published journals and research documents have indicated that learning to master the act of playing the guitar significantly improves kids’ behaviour, Intelligence, and memory. Scientific studies suggest that enjoying playing musical instruments like the guitar may enlarge the left portion of the brain- a condition that can help students remember one-fifth more information, when compared with those who don’t enjoy playing musical instruments.

  • Boosts creativity

When you watch famous guitarists play on live shows or TV, you will be amused about how quick they are in making great tunes with the guitar. Improvising is one of the skills that can be learnt through the guitar. Creating your own melodies is so much fun, that you will like to create something new always and that will bring out your creative side.

  • Helps develop team work and other social skills

Learning to play the guitar will help develop your sense of hearing, especially what other instrumentalists are hearing. Learning to play with other instrument players will help you appreciate the value of working together.

  • Boosts your coordination

Playing an instrument like the guitar will require sharp hand-eye-body coordination, and this coordination can only be developed through constant practice. When you constantly read guitar tablature, your brain will quickly learn to convert such specific information into different motor patterns, and that helps strengthen your coordination abilities.

  • Boosts your self-confidence or self-esteem

When you eventually have the confidence to play the guitar in front of different crowds, you will achieve great confidence that will attract many people to you. It takes so much confidence to perform at the highest level and your self-esteem gets even higher with each accomplishment you achieved when you learn to play the guitar.

  • Enhances your self-expression and Music therapy

Learning to play the guitar can help you release stress and relax quickly. As you progress in learning the instrument, you will quickly adapt to new forms of expressing yourself or feelings. Playing the guitar can be therapeutic because it helps release your emotions.

  • It is one of the cheapest ways to start a music career

There are numerous online sites where you can upload your guitar-skill videos and launch your music career within a short period of time, and for free. Not everyone can afford the cheapest piano, but there are cheap guitars that you can use as a beginner to start your music career. Though, the harmonica as an instrument can be quite cheap but does not provide as much flexibility and styles like the guitar. With the guitar, you don’t need a large budget to start your musical career, just learn and improve on your skills until you are confident of playing without any assistance.

  • Provides an array of different styles to choose from

One of the most important reasons you should consider learning and playing the guitar is that, the instrument is not limited to a specific style. When properly tuned, your acoustic or electric guitar can be used in playing all genres or styles of music, from classical, to jazz, rock, metal, folk, and indie amonst many others. There are quite a number of other less-known styles you can also explore with the guitar.

  • It provides a form of physical workout

Learning to play the guitar means, you need to stretch and workout your hands and fingers frequently. As you start learning the guitar chords, you start to develop the habit of moving your hands quickly. Learning the guitar may be physically challenging because it will take a while for your arms and fingers to get use to such. Also at first as your fingers start to get used to pressing on the strings, they will get sore, you must not give up though, as the skin on your fingertips will soon harden so they will no longer hurt.

  • Gives you social recognition

Most of the best guitarists in the world today, rose from nowhere to stardom, and that is because they never give up on themselves. Being a random musician is cool but it is not comparable to the social attractions that guitarists get from the public. When you start playing the guitar on the streets, people will definitely pause for a while and enjoy your rhythms and that will eventually fire up your social recognition.

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Chapter 2

The Anatomy Of The Guitar (The Acoustic & Electric Guitars)

Regardless of whether you are a professional or a beginner, you need to be familiar with each component of the guitar. There are several components of the guitar anatomy that can be found in both the Acoustic and the Electric Guitars, also there are some other unique components that differentiate one from the other. You need to understand each of these parts, why they are included in the guitar anatomy, and how they work to benefit the guitar player. When you know the functions of each component, you feel more confident with the instrument in your hand.

Both the acoustic and electric guitars are intricate instruments, even though they may look very simple from afar. The numerous parts, whether big or small, work together to produce those alluring sounds that we all appreciate on the instrument, today. One of the benefits of learning the anatomy of the guitar is that it helps you modify the musical instrument, thus you can manipulate them to get that sound you want. Every guitar player wants their instrument to produce the best sound, but this is not possible until you learn the functions of each part of its anatomy.

Parts common to both Acoustic and Electric Guitars

  • Frets – The frets are simply the metal bars that are vertically installed on the fretboard.
  • The body – this is the main and largest part of the Guitar’s anatomy. The body is directly linked to the neck of the guitar, and it directly dictates the sound of the instrument. The type of wood used in designing the body will determine how the sound of the instrument changes, the shape and style of the body will also affect the sound. The fact that different manufacturers make use of different guitar body styles, makes it easier to recognize the sounds of different brands. For instance, the different body sizes makes it easier to differentiate between the standard Fender Guitar from the Gibson guitar, based on the sound they produce.
  • The neck – this is the slim and long tender part of the instrument that connects directly to the body. Most beginners may think the neck is also the fretboard, but that is not true.
  • The fretboard/fingerboard – This is regarded as the face of the neck of the guitar and it is on this part that the frets are located.
  • The Headstock – The headstock is that area located at the end of the guitar’s neck, and it is directly located opposite the body. The headstock hosts the tuning pegs, and from here, the guitar strings are drawn. There will be no strings on the guitar without the headstock, and that also means, no sound.
  • The tuning pegs – These are 6 in number, and are located on the side of the headstock. The head gear on the tuning pegs can be adjusted to loosen or tighten the strings, which will change the pitch of the sound they produce. The tuning pegs, will keep your guitar in tune so you can play sounds that match other instruments.
  • The nut – this is simply the vertical thick bar which separates the fretboard from the headstock and the nut is where the strings rest. Most people may overlook the importance of this component on the guitar.
  • The bridge – this is simply the long plate located on the face of the guitar. This component is located right under the sound hole in the acoustic guitar. Tightening or loosening this component can help you raise or lower the position of the strings thus changing the playability and sound of such strings.
  • The strings – Everyone know what the strings are, they are the 6 metal cords that run from the headstock down to the bridge of the guitar. The strings create different sounds on diverse tones, and these depend on the tension created when the strings are plucked.
  • The Pickguard/Scratchplate – This is simply the plate, located on the body of the guitar and its function is to protect the paint or finishing of the guitar from scratches from your finger nails or your pick. This component is normally located beside the sound hole on the acoustic guitar.         
  • The tone or volume knobs – these are the knobs that are found at the lower body of the electric guitar. One of the knobs is used in controlling the volume and the other/s (depending on whether there are two or three knobs in total) are used in controlling the tone. The knobs are very important in controlling the sound and styles of the electric guitar.
  • Pickup switch – Located on the body of the electric guitar, this component can slide into diverse settings and it creates changes on the tone and sound of the guitar when the instrument is amplified.
  • The Tremolo (Whammy bar) – This part is oftentimes sold different from the electric guitar package, and it is the bar that connects directly to the guitar bridge. You can move the tremolo to change the position of the bridge up or down, and this can help you change the pitch of the instrument and create a wavy-kind of sound.

*The Pickups * - These components are parts that are wrapped in wires and are directly located under the guitar neck and below the strings, and above the guitar bridge. These pickups can be amplified, and when this happens, there is interference between the pickups and the magnetic field created, thus creating wonderful sounds. There are three pickups found on the electric guitar- The bass, middle and treble. Without the pickups it is impossible to amplify your electric guitar.

  • Sound Hole – The sound hole is located right below the neck and above the bridge. It simply functions as the amplifier of the acoustic guitar sound. The sound hole amplifies sounds as the strings are plugged and this feature is the main difference between the acoustic and the electric guitar.

You need to learn the anatomy of the acoustic and electric guitar so that you can move easily between the two types of guitar and become a professional player.

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*Chapter 3 *

Choosing The Right Guitar & Components – A Guide To Cables, Strings & Picks

When it comes to choosing the right guitar and learning quickly, it often bothers on those little things we often ignore. There are quite a number of things to consider, and each of these add up to determine how good or bad the sound from the guitar will be. You need to choose the ideal strings and picks, before considering which brand of guitar will work best for you. As a beginner, you need to be sure that the tools you choose help you learn and master the guitar rather than hinder you.

Just before you dash to your local music store and pick up your guitar or buy one online, you need to keep the following tips in mind;

#1: Size of the guitar or its accessories will always make the difference

Picks do come in varying sizes, and as a beginner, you must avoid being overwhelmed by picks that are extra-large and those that are too small, but a rule of thumb you must follow as a beginner is to go for the standard size pick, especially the one that is good enough to be gripped firmly and solidly. An ideal pick must also provide enough room to prevent your fingers coming in contact with the wrong strings accidentally.

[*#2 : It’s all about the grip  *]

There is no point in choosing a pick that cannot be gripped firmly while you play. You need to keep in mind that the thicker and harder the instrument is, the less flexible it becomes and the more difficult it gets to hold and keep in one place. As a beginner, you need to go for a medium standard pick made from softer plastic, this will help you get used to learning and playing without losing your grip.

[*#3: The wide vs. thin *]

Just like the size of your pick, you need to consider the width of the instrument. You need to keep in mind the type of guitar you are playing. Thin picks can be ideal for strumming on acoustics, while thicker widths which could be medium or heavy gauge, can be the best option for the electric guitar.

#4: The material of your pick matters

Most guitar picks are normally made from plastic, some from wood. You may want to have a physical feel of the instrument before buying it. The type of material used for the guitar pick can affect the grip, likewise, it can affect the tone you want to create with the instrument. The simple rule you must follow is; The harder the pick material, the better or brighter the tone. For this reason, you must consider the tone you want in the guitar before making your final choice. You may probably want to try out several picks before settling for one. Consider settling for a pick you can manage and adjust by yourself.

*Picking your guitar strings *

It is certainly obvious, the fact that the string you choose for your guitar will definitely affect the sound you create. You need to consider the gauge or string size, and material of the string because these features will determine the material you go for, and the material should be determined by the type of music genre you want to go for. First of all, you need to be sure whether you want to learn the acoustic or the electric guitar, then you can consider the type of string to go for.

Regardless of whether you go for acoustic or electric guitar, your first decision should be what materials the strings are made of. If you choose the electric guitar, keep in mind that the pickups will require that the strings must be made with some magnetic alloys. In most cases, electric guitars come with strings made from stainless steel or nickel and there are some major differences between these two;

  • The stainless steel string on the electric guitar feel smoother on your finger, thus they can be most suitable for your long practice sessions. These types of strings will also reduce the noise your fingers will generate when moving them up and down the fretboard. Strings made from stainless steel seem to be more durable, especially against corrosion and  they are mostly preferred by heavy metal and rock musicians.
  • Nickel strings used for electric guitars are nickel-plated, and they are mostly preferred for their delivery of clear and crispy sounds. Funk, jazz and metal guitarists prefer the Nickel-plated strings.

When it comes to the gauge or size of the strings, you need to keep in mind that the heavier gauge or size strings will produce more tension, thus they produce fuller, and louder sounds than strings with lighter gauges. As a beginner, you can go for lighter string gauges, though they produce loud sounds and full tones, but not as much as those with heavier gauge. 

Acoustic guitar strings are usually made of bronze materials, thus they provide brighter and crispy sounds. Sometimes, the acoustic guitar strings may be made of Nylon or brass materials. You must keep in mind that the One of your acoustic guitar will be greatly impacted by the material used in the making of the strings.

  • Nylon strings are often regarded as the material for strings that produce the gentlest sounds for acoustic guitars, thus it can be the most suitable for beginners. You may start with strings made of nylon before going for materials that are thicker and produce fuller tones. If you want to become a classic or folk music guitarist, strings made from nylon may be the best choice for you.
  • The brass strings are known to produce brighter and more metallic sounds. Brass strings are more brittle but mostly preferred by jazz, blues, rock and country music guitarists.

As a beginner, you need to learn how to migrate from one guitar to the other, regardless of the type of materials used in making the strings. You need to learn how to tune guitars with different strings and see which one works best for you, so that you can evolve at different stages of your learning.

Choosing your Guitar cables

Your guitar cable is simply the component that connects the guitar’s output to the amplifier’s input or output. You may not need a cable at the beginning of your guitar learning lessons, however, you will need it when you start building your confidence to perform alongside your band for the crowd.

It can be very difficult to get a reliable, flexible, rugged, quiet, and excellently sounding cable but you need to keep the benchmark at the back of your mind when choosing the right cables. Cables come in wide varieties of length, shielding, reliability, price, sonic quality and appearance, but you should know that the guitar cable is one of the most abused components of the guitar. Here are some tips you must follow when getting the ideal cables for your guitar;

  • Buy the shortest cable you can cope with (the longer they are the more easily they may be damaged).
  • Don’t buy any cable that does not have any copper tip at the end of its connectors. Go for the 1/4 inch plugs because they are made from the toughest materials, thus they can withstand all sorts of pressures.
  • Always go for guitar cables that are tangle-free and flexible, just to ensure that any extra component does not interfere with your performance at any given time. As a beginner you can go for the “Excellines” brand that comes with the right angle plugs and it is quite affordable.
  • {color:#151515;}Your cable must lay down flat and must follow you wherever you are on a stage while performing. Your cable must not interfere with the sound of your guitar, therefore it must not produce a change in tone. Though the cable may produce a slight noise, you should go for one that is relatively quiet. [*
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Chapter 4

How To Hold A Guitar (Different Positions To Consider)

Proper posture is as important as learning how to position your fingers or moving them across the fretboard. Proper guitar posture is essential for any prospective guitar player starting as a beginner and rising to the top of their careers. It is something that must be taken very seriously, and the reason being that improper or wrong postures can lead to future injuries or bad habits that will hamper the prospect of progressing as a guitarist.

Improper postures may not result in immediate injuries, but over a long period of time, a player may eventually develop injuries at the back, neck, shoulder, elbow, wrist or arms. Aggravated symptoms of body injuries that may be developed through improper posture may also include; Tendonitis, Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS), Repetitive Strain Injuries (RSI), and some other wrist pains. Proper handling of the guitar can help prevent these injuries and also help in developing a professional attitude when learning the guitar.

Hand position on the guitar can help you learn effectively and quickly. Some of the best possible ways of holding the guitar are;

  • The sitting position,
  • Fretting hand position with finger placement,
  • The Strumming hand position,
  • Strumming technique,
  • The use of a pick,
  • The Finger-picking position,

Sitting position.

Sit on a chair, while your two feet are on the floor. Sit upright with your back straight, then position the guitars waist on the leg that’s adjacent to your strumming hand i.e. if you are right handed you will place the guitars waist on your right leg. While the back of the guitar is held against your chest and stomach. Make sure the neck is positioned horizontally to the floor. Don’t use your fretting hand to support the neck from leaning to the ground, instead, you need to allow your strumming arm to rest on the upper part of the guitars body, to remain as comfortable as you can.

Fretting hand position with finger placement.

To attain this position, let the thumb on your fretting hand rest at the back of the neck, thus placing it just in between your index and middle fingers. Make sure all your knuckles are bent while in this position. With your fingertips, press down on the guitar strings and make sure they are as close as possible to the fret (avoid placing your finger on the fret, make sure your finger is somewhere in between te frets). Try and keep your fingernails as short as possible, and don’t let them touch the fretboard.

Strumming hand.

Let your upper right arm rest on the upper region of the body of the guitar, while your strumming hand is positioned just above the sound hole (or just above the bridge if it’s an electric guitar). Simply relax your arm, wrist and hand and enjoy playing.

Strumming technique.

Simply place your thumb against the index finger, and let them remain in that position and you will get a nice support. Gently bend the middle finger slightly towards the palm of your hand, and make sure you feel comfortable with this position. Your next step is to down-strum with the use of the nail on your index finger against all the other strings at the same time. Alternatively, you may play with your thumb and your index finger separately, and you will achieve a much tender sound.

The use of a pick.

To play the guitar with the pick, simply place your pick in between your thumb and your index finger, and hold it so the pick stays at the top side of the index finger while you clamp your thumb down over the pick. Make sure the pick is held firmly.

Finger-picking position.

The finger-picking position provides another comfortable way to hold a guitar. To attain this position, simply rest your forearm on the edge of the lower bout, in order to stabilize the hand. Simply hold your hand over the sound hole(or bridge) but make sure your hand and your arm are aligned while you slightly bend your knuckles. With your strumming hand you should use your thumb to play the 4th, 5th and 6th strings, while using your index finger on the 3rd, middle finger on the 2nd, and your ring finger on the 1st string.

*Preventing Injuries with different guitar mounting positions *

In order to prevent injuries while playing the guitar or after, you must maintain a straight back position, so that you can lengthen and align the spine. Try to relax the neck and shoulders, and make sure they are not raised. Also try to release or avoid any tension building up in the arms, hands, fingers and wrists.

If you are playing the guitar for an extended period of time, try to relax occasionally. If you feel any strains or pains, then, you need to let your body rest and heal for a while. Try to listen to your body and don’t hesitate on having occasional naps when you are tired.

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Chapter 5

How To Tune The Guitar (Different Tuning Options)

The ability to tune the guitar is a basic skill, every guitarist must learn. As a matter of fact, tuning the guitar is the first skill you should learn after picking the right guitar. Though tuning the guitar is not the challenging part but using your ears to listen to different tunes produced after tuning the guitar. Sometimes, the human ear can be more effective in helping a guitarist tune the guitar, than the electric tuner. There are different tuning methods used for the guitar but the outcomes are often the same. Diverse methods for tuning your guitar are appropriate for different situations and you must choose the one that is most appropriate.

#1 The use of a dedicated guitar tuner

The use of the guitar tuner is perhaps the most accurate and easiest way of tuning your guitar. A guitar tuner is not expensive as you can get new ones for less than $20 and fairly used or refurbished ones can be bought for less than $10. You need to take note that the use of the guitar tuner is not always the best option for every situation. You need a guitar tuner only when you are playing on a professional stage where accuracy is very important, or when you are training your ear to identify different tunes. You don’t need a guitar tuner under informal situations where playing out of tune isn’t the end of the world. The main challenge of using the guitar tuner is that it requires a quiet environment and must be connected directly to a pick up system, though clip on tuners are clipped on the headstock and measure the vibration of the wood and the tension of the string.

#2 The use of other instruments such as the Piano

When you are playing with a group of other instrument users, it is important to tune in with them, instead of using the guitar tuner. Using the piano to tune your guitar can be very quick and when you tune into other instruments, you can play accurately along with them to generate accurate tones. The main challenge of using a piano or any other instrument to tune your guitar is that you need a good listening ear to detect the most accurate tune.

#3 The use of a Pitch Pipe or tuning fork

The pitch pipe or tuning fork can be described as a cross or bridge between the first two steps. In this situation, you are tuning to another instrument –the pitch pipe or tuning fork. Tuning to the fork or pipe will maintain the accuracy of the tuner. The pitch pipe may be more preferred to the electric tuner because it does not rely on battery, thus you should consider keeping the tuning fork in your guitar case. The pitch pipe can also help you develop a good tuning ear, especially when the device is used along with an electronic tuner. The pitch pipe is handy, especially when you stumble upon a group of other instrumentalists or musicians.

#4 Tuning the Guitar on the 5th Fret

Tuning the guitar on the 5th fret is ideal, especially when you are performing a standard tuning. As a beginner, this tuning method should be ideal when you are playing at home. The 5th fret tuning can also be complimentary, especially when tuning along with other instruments. The 5th fret tuning method can be used at anytime, anywhere and for all standards but the environment must be very quiet to help you ascertain the accuracy of this method of tuning. The key to this method is at least having your 6th string in tune. The note that is played on the 5th fret on the 6th string should match the note that is played when playing the next string without fretting. This is in exception to the 3rd string, on this string it’s the 4th fret that matches the note with the next open string.

#5 Tuning the Guitar with the use of Harmonics

If you are a beginner, especially with the acoustic guitar, then tuning with harmonics may be best for you. Harmonic notes can be created by gently touching the string on the preferred fret, then pulling the finger away when the string is plucked, though this does take a lot of practice and is more of an advanced tuning technique. You can create harmonics on different frets (including 5th and 7th frets). Harmonic tuning is needed within a quiet environment, and you need an accurate ear to identify an effective tune.

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Chapter 6

How To Read Tablature

Reading guitar tablature may be a challenging part of learning the guitar, but it is nothing difficult especially when you have interest in learning it. Tablature is the guitarists’ special music notation, and when you use a “Tab”, you can play diverse genres of music without the need to read the standard music sheet. Though, you cannot use the guitar tab to provide a perfect description of music, but they help in sharing more information with other instrumentalists, and play diverse songs across the world. With guitar tablature, you can share music with anyone on the internet.

As a beginner, you don’t have to be an expert at reading tablature, but you must have a basic knowledge. Simply put, tablature is a written “short-hand” de-facto, written out for all music played on the guitar.

*Understanding the use of tablature *

Simply put, tablature is the standard method of writing down the music played on the guitar, or any other instruments such as the drums. Instead of using the standard notations of music, the guitar tab makes use of ordinary characters and numbers. Tablature is probably the easiest way of learning music especially if you are a beginner – reading of tabs is quite easy and you don’t have to go through the tab lessons more than once.

A typical guitar will normally have 6 strings, and you need to know the name of each string before you start reading tablature. The top string on the guitar is referred to as the 6th string or the “low e-string” and it is referred to this name because it plays the “E” note at the “Open Fret” (this is when you are not holding down any fret when you pluck a string). The next string to the low E-string is the 5^th  or A, while the other strings are in the order of 4[^th] or D, 3rd or G, 2nd or B and 1st or high e. The 1st or high e string is the thinnest string on the Guitar. Though the 6th and the 1st strings are both E-notes, we can distinguish between the two by writing the 1st string with a small “e” or just calling it the high e-string. We call it the high e-string because it plays a higher pitched “e note” than the low E-string”.

How to read guitar tablature

One of the first things you will probably see on the tab is that there are 6 lines, and each of these lines represent the strings on the guitar. The initial tablature will resemble the image displayed below;

Take note of the fact that the first or top string of the guitar, which is the low E-string, is placed on the bottom line, while the high e-string, is placed on the top line of the tab. As a beginner, you may be confused about this, but it gives the same perspective as looking at the fretboard while you’re playing the guitar, as basically you’re looking at the fretboard upside down while playing, just like tablature appears to be upside down.

In some cases, string names may also be written in different ways, and this could be the case, when a song is not played on the guitar, according to the standard tuning. This also means that open strings will not play the standard notes –E, A, D, G, B, and e. Do not worry about this issue as a beginner; just stick with the standard tuning tablature of the guitar.

Just after the notes, the next thing you will see on the tab are the numbers. Each number displayed on the guitar tab represent a fret, and 1 represents the first Fret, and 3 represents the 3rd fret. The 0 (zero), simply refers to an open string, for instance;

Tabs are meant to be read the same way you’re reading this book or any other bit of text, from left to right. In the tab shown above for instance, it clearly shows that you need to play the “D” string at an open fret (D-0), followed by the G-string at the second fret, and then the B-string at the 3rd fret, followed by e-string at the 2nd fret, and B-string at the 3rd fret and lastly, G-string at the second fret. If you are familiar with the chords, then you should know that the tablature was playing the notes on a ‘D major’ chord.

Consider the next example below. The main difference between this and the second image, is that in the next image multiple strings are being hit at the same time, thus it indicates strumming on the guitar. In the third image, the player seems to hold down the A and D strings, alongside an open fret. Then the player held the 2nd fret on the G string, and then played all the 6 strings.

If you know the basic guitar chords, then you should be able to identify this as an 'E major' chord. According to this tab, the E major was struck twice, while the chord that followed was an A major which was strummed just once and this was followed by the D major that was strummed twice again. Take note of the X, which indicated that the string was not played and that means the string must not be hit with the strumming hand- this also means that the string did not make any sound as it was muted with the other hand.

Holding a string lightly will create a light note, because you are not pressing it down firmly at the fretboard, thus, hitting the string will create a dead note. Though, it can be confusing and hard to note whether the string was played or not, considering the fact that it was noted with “x”, but listening carefully to the sound will eventually give you a clue.

Basic tablature symbols

In addition to learning how to read tablature, you must also familiarize with the tablature symbols;

/ – Slide up,

\ – Slide down,

H – Hammer on,

P – Pull up,

~ – Vibrato,

+ – Harmonic,

X – Dead/muted note,

B – Bend,

Pb – Pre-bend

Br – Bend-release,

Pbr – Pre-bend release,

Brb- Bend release bend.

Consider the next image below,

We can use this image to explain how the guitar tab symbols work. From the image, you can see that the D-string at the 9th fret was first played, and then followed by 9h11- this simply means you must place your finger on the 9 th fret and then pluck the string before hammering at the 11th. Hammering means that you must pluck a string with your finger at one fret, then use a different finger on your fretting hand to pick another fret without picking the first string again.

Next on the Image, you see 11p9, it means that the string was picked at the 11th fret, then the finger was pulled off while another finger was being placed on the 9th fret. In this situation, it’s like using the fret hand to pinch the string on the 11th fret, while another finger is held unto the 9th fret. In this situation, two notes are being played with just one single pick, with the use of your strumming hand.

You need to keep in mind that pull-offs and hammering are often performed in a sequence (for instance 9h11p9). This means starting by playing the 9th fret on a certain string, then hammering your finger on the 11th fret, then pulling off back to the 9th fret. You simply perform all of these simply with only one movement from your strumming hand. This may sound daunting at first but you will quickly adjust to it as you start learning and practicing.

You will also notice the 11/12 as you move along, it simply means, you need to hold the 11th fret down with your finger, and then pluck the string, and without releasing the pressure, quickly slide your finger unto the 12th fret. In this situation, you are picking once but getting two notes while you are sliding.

The symbol {\} is just a sliding in the reverse position, thus 2\3 means you slide from the 2nd fret to the 3rd fret and picking just once. The symbol ‘~’ means, you are simply vibrating your finger while still holding down the string at a particular fret. This performance produces a great effect on the sound, this technique is called vibrato and it is used to make a note longer than usual.

The letter “b” simply means, you must bend the string at a particular fret until you reach the pitch that would come from playing at another fret. As a beginner, you may want to avoid bending for now, and don’t stress yourself with guitar tablatures that comes with too many bending. As a beginner who is ready to get down with your first tab, you can start with some simple songs with one or two verses, and when you can master this, you can migrate to more complex and longer tablatures. You need to keep trying and don’t give up until you master the tab at a single glance.

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Chapter 7

General Tips & Ideas For Beginners

As a new learner of the guitar, there are certain principles, ideas and tips that you should allow to guide you so that you can learn the instrument in the easiest and fastest manner. Here are some of the most important things you must keep in mind.

First of all, you need to learn to listen. The best guitarists in the world today have learnt to listen to what they play and what others are playing, especially in a group. You need to learn to recognize intervals, and how different chords will sound and the kind of feeling they will carry. In order to train your ear for tuning your guitar properly and play much better, you need to record yourself and imitate such recordings. When you listen as you practice, you will be able to detect whether your guitar is out of tune.

Add some varieties in your routine. You need to keep in mind that practicing all the time without using varieties can become boring, therefore you need to try out something new and challenging from time to time. Constant practicing will help your fingers to identify different chords easily, likewise finding other guitarists to play with will also boost your confidence and abilities.

Try as much as possible to learn playing basic skills in the right way. There are quite a number of basic skills you must consider when you start playing the guitar, however, without learning the notes and the tablature, you may not become the professional of your dream, this book has provided a good way to learn the guitar with a tablature, thus you must learn that before you start playing different genres of music.

You need to find a way to get yourself motivated if you want to become a professional guitarist. Your fingertips may become sore and you may start to feel like you wouldn’t get anywhere after countless hours of practice. When you stay motivated, and encouraged, no amount of minor setbacks will keep you from playing your guitar. You are not ready to start learning to play the guitar if after just a few days, you are already looking at learning another instrument. In order to learn the guitar successfully, you must set both short and long term goals that you can stick with, no matter what challenges you are going through. For instance, having a guitar learning buddy, can be the ideal long term goal that can motivate you to stick with the plan. You may also want to consider taking some clips or videos of your practice sessions as a motivation.

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[]Conclusion

Thank you again for downloading this book! 

I hope this book was able to help you to develop an interest in learning and playing the guitar. Now that you have seen the simple components of the guitar, your interest should be aroused already as you now see that there is nothing to be afraid of. 

The next step is to use this book as a guide to look for the most suitable guitar for a beginner and then familiarize yourself with tablature terms, strings, and other guitar components along with the best guitar positioning and tuning techniques. Secondly, you need to work out an ideal time that will be most suitable for you, likewise a nice training and practice environment and if possible a mentor, will be ideal for you. .

Thank you and good luck! [*
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Learn Guitar: Volume 1: Discover Everything You Need To Know About The Guitar Be

Some people just dive straight in and bite off more than they can chew when it comes to learning how to play the guitar, but there is a lot more to the guitar than just playing it. This book will show you the absolute basics of the guitar itself and is geared towards beginners who are interested in picking up a guitar for the first time. The book will cover the anatomy of the guitar, what to think about when buying your first guitar, how to read guitar tabs as well as other things such as how to hold a guitar and how to tune a guitar.

  • ISBN: 9781311122322
  • Author: Jamie Harris
  • Published: 2016-06-06 18:40:10
  • Words: 7771
Learn Guitar: Volume 1: Discover Everything You Need To Know About The Guitar Be Learn Guitar: Volume 1: Discover Everything You Need To Know About The Guitar Be