Number 2 2017
Michael J Hurley
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The year 2016 saw extensive celebrations and official functions to mark the centenary of the 1916 Rising in Dublin. To commemorate this event I published an E-book entitled Baldoyle 1916. This e-book took the place of the scheduled Journal of Old Baldoyle Number 2 which was due for publication in early 2016.
In this edition of the Journal (No. 2) I have taken a look at one man who was hugely influential in the village but about whom we know relatively little. This man is Henry Hutton, the judge who lived at Sunnyside in the village. I have tried to fill this void but have found information difficult to sift through as there seems to have been a number of Henry Huttons in Dublin during that era, and the trails tend to become muddied and confused.
Following correspondence with architect Gareth Brennan who was involved with some work there I include a piece on the houses at Star of The Sea Cottages and Warren Cottages. I include some short obituaries on some persons who have died in the recent period. As usual I will conclude with some recently uncovered pictures and news items from years past.
I hope that you will find this Journal of interest and circulate details to family and friends.
Michael J Hurley ©2017.
1. Henry Hutton JP of Sunnyside, Baldoyle.
2. Appreciations: Dr Ian Elliott, Sr Elizabeth Anne McAteer, and Martin Naughton.
3. The Tramway Power House at Sutton Station.
4. Sailing Directions for 1849.
5. Star of The Sea Cottages and Warren Cottages.
6. Photographs from the camera of the late Barney Walsh, Stapolin Lawns.
7. Recently discovered photographs and illustrations.
8. News Items.
Tom Walsh Motors on Grange Road prior to widening of road. Date was 12^th^ August 2005. (©mjh).
1. Henry Hutton J.P. of Sunnyside, Baldoyle
The family line of Henry Hutton:
1. Laurence Hutton & Janet –
2. Thomas Hutton (Berkshire 1635) & Anne Frizell (Scotland 1635 – 1689)
3. George Hutton (b.1675 Dublin) & Anne Hyde
4. Robert Hutton (a tannery owner 1710 – 1780) & Sarah Lewis (1708 – 1781)
5. John Hutton (c.1756 – 1830) & Priscilla Dix (c.1750 – 1835)
6. HENRY HUTTON (1792 – 1878) & Laetitia Hutton (1789 – 1851)
Henry’s second wife Eliza Swanwick (1818 – 1905) had no children. Eliza was daughter of Edward Swanwick born Shropshire in 1781 and Susan McClean born England 1783).
7. Henry Dix Hutton (3/10/1824 – 10/12/1907 and son of Henry at 6 above) was baptised in Eustace Street Presbyterian Church in Dublin.
He married Adele H. Sborgi (of Florence (1837 – 1935) on 30th October 1871. Adele died in London.
7. Susanna Bruce Hutton (1824 – 1904 died in Kenilworth UK). Daughter of Henry at 6 above. This lady was known as Susan and it would appear that she spent a good deal of her time abroad. The National Library of Ireland has possession of letters to family members from France and Siena from 1871 – 1872. We know nothing of Susan except that she married an Italian man named Ferrari and settled in his country.
Children of Henry Dix Hutton (generation number 7 above.)
8. Henry Tomasso Hutton (b.1874 -)
8. Laetitia Nina Hutton (1876 – 1968). Lived at Chichester Cottage, Hurstpierpoint, Sussex.
The earliest mention I have been able to find of the Hutton Family in Baldoyle is the 27th September 1809 when the Freeman’s Journal recorded that William Hutton of Baldoyle had been granted a game licence. I have not been able to ascertain where William fits into the family tree. He may have been a cousin of Henry’s. Henry Hutton, was born in 1792, and fought as Ensign with the 28th Regiment at the Battle of Albuera in the Peninsular Wars in 1811. By co-incidence three brothers Furnace from Talavera in Baldoyle also fought here and one, Edward was killed.
Defending the colours during the Battle of Albuera in 1811. Henry Hutton was a flag bearing Ensign at this battle. War artists were considered a very important part of the force to record the events and bring them home for display and propaganda.
An affidavit by Henry Hutton in May 1806 referring to an allegation of the use of swear words or profanity by a man named Richard Roe in Dundrum. Note the old style ‘s’, which looks like an ‘f’ without the cross bar. Sometimes the ‘s’ as we know it today was used, apparently for plurals or as the second ‘s’ in a double ‘s’ word. Good job Henry is not alive today or he would be very busy in this regard!
Henry became a barrister in 1822. He was appointed a Queen’s Council and in 1849 a judge of The Petty Sessions Court at Kilmore. He was very active locally as 1831 saw him serve along with his neighbours Captain Frizell of Stapolin, solicitor Robert Swift, and his old soldier comrade Norbury Furnace, on the Howth & Baldoyle Dispensary Board. He was also listed among the subscribers to the dispensary and was its Treasurer.
On 1st October 1845, with the Great Famine at the height of its terror, Henry was elected a Guardian of the North Dublin Union workhouse with the following tally of inmates:
Paupers admitted last week 40.
Discharged last week 36.
Remaining in workhouse 1628 (Freeman’s Journal 2/10/1845).
In 1834 Henry was elected a life member of the Royal Dublin Society being proposed by his brother Robert and one Richard Griffith. He was described as having addresses at Summerhill Dublin and Edenfield in Dundrum. He was a member of the R.D.S. agriculture committee 1835-7.
Despite being non-Catholic Henry was quite accommodating to his neighbours of the RC faith as evidenced by the following newspaper advertisement:
In 1829 Henry who was a barrister was one of three Protestant men in this locality, the other two being Lord Howth and a Charles McDowell of Howth, to append their signatures to a Declaration in favour of Catholic Emancipation. I must point out that there were several hundred other signatures appended. The declaration stated:
We the undersigned, being personally interested in the condition, and sincerely anxious for the happiness of Ireland, feel ourselves called upon at the present juncture, to declare the conviction we entertain, that the disqualifying laws which affect his Majesty’s Roman Catholic Subjects are productive of consequences prejudicial in the highest degree to the interests of Ireland, and the Empire to which she is united. With respect to Ireland in particular, they are a primary cause of her poverty and wretchedness, and the source of those political discontents and religious animosities that distract the country, endanger the safety of its institutions, and are destructive alike of social happiness and national prosperity.
We are further of opinion, that unless the wisdom of the Legislature shall speedily apply a remedy to these evils, they must, in their rapid progress, assume at no distant period, such a character as must render their ultimate removal still more difficult, if not impossible.
We therefore deem it of paramount importance to the welfare of the Empire at large, and of Ireland especially, that the whole subject should be taken into immediate consideration by Parliament, with a view to such a final and conciliatory adjustment as may be conducive to the peace and strength of the United Kingdom, to the stability of our national institutions, and to the general satisfaction and concord of all classes of his Majesty’s subjects.
Henry Hutton was once described in Carlyle’s Irish Journeys as hospitality’s self, tall silent looking Father Hutton while his wife was described as having big black eyes, struggling to be in earnest. A friend of Henry Dix’s, wrote of a night spent with the family in Baldoyle: To Howth (6 or 8 miles out), to one of the Huttons (father of a worshipper of mine) was my recourse; and there I got a salutary dip in the sea (only scratching my heel slightly, because the Irish Artist forgot the bathing-slippers in his box); after which, at the expense of rational Socinian conversation, fiercely trampled down by me, but met by divine patience and even by some lurking assent from both Father & Mother (excellent people, on my honour!) I did at last get to bed,—oh joy, a quiet bed, where almost six hours of real sleep fanned by the clear sea-breeze, and infinitely refreshing, were vouchsafed me. Ten o’clock set me down.
In 1841 Henry wrote to Dublin Corporation in connection with his lease on 172 acres from that body at an annual lease of £1,591. There were fourteen years of the lease remaining unexpired and he offered to surrender this lease if granted a new lease at a rent to be decided by arbitrators. The corporation considered this to be a fair proposal and adopted the course of action. (FJ 13/12/1841).
The Freeman’s Journal of 9th January 1847 reported that Mr Henry Hutton, the present landlord of Baldoyle, Co. Dublin, in addition to coal and clothing, has volunteered, unsolicited(except by his own kindness of heart) to give £15 per month to the poor of the town during the present distress. Let every landlord in Ireland follow his example.
The Griffith’s Valuation of 1847 lists Henry Hutton as the principal landlord in the village with 82 direct tenants including the schools, church, coastguard station, and police barracks. He in turn was a principal tenant of Dublin Corporation. He and his wife Laetitia lived in a substantial house named Sunnyside that faced the sea from the centre of the village here and would in time become the convent. The couple had two children, Henry Dix and Susanna Bruce Hutton. Laetitia travelled to Italy in 1845-6 and her untimely death in 1852 at Baldoyle House may indicate that her travels had been for reasons of health. What Baldoyle House was this, I wonder? Can we assume that it was their own house and was later renamed ‘Sunnyside’? Henry married his second wife Elizabeth Swanwick in 1854.
Henry Dix Hutton graduated from Trinity College in 1845 and after further study at London University became a barrister at law. He became one of the most prolific and respected writers of books, pamphlets, and papers on a broad range of topics including French tribunals of commerce, modern war, Prussian land tenure, England and The Uncivilised Communities, and land legislation in British India, to name but a few. Probably his most important work was his Registration of Title Indispensable for Peasant proprietors for the Journal of the Statistical and Social Inquiry Society of Ireland (Volume VIII part LIX 1881 / 1882, pages 271 – 279). In opening the article he wrote: The subject of this paper is a branch of the large and difficult problem which increasingly engages the attention of social and legal reforms; how, namely, to combine security of titles to landed properties with facilities for dealing with them. This was a most appropriate paper at a time when the land question was very to the forefront in Ireland’s topics.
He was best known as a biographer and correspondent of the French philosopher and positivist Auguste Comte. He was a sympathiser with Comte’s ideology on Positivism. (Positivism is a philosophical theory stating that positive knowledge is based on natural phenomena and their properties and relations. Thus, information derived from sensory experience, interpreted through reason and logic, forms the exclusive source of all authoritative knowledge. (Wikipedia).
Henry Dix was secretary of The Dublin Statistical Society and of the British Association for the Advancement of Science. This latter group recorded that two reports were received, from Wrottesley Observatory and from Baldoyle, of a sighting on March 10, 1860 of a meteor remarkable for its form and for its variation in colour, as noticed by both observers. Despite the Hutton Baldoyle connection with the Society the meteor was seen and reported here by a man named Joseph Pope Culverwell who lived at St Lawrence Lodge on Station Road Sutton. Culverwell was secretary of the Dublin & Drogheda Railway Company.
Henry Snr. died on 2nd April 1878 at his home Edenfield in Dundrum, but the family was gone from Baldoyle by 1869 at the latest as Canon Smithwick has written that in that year the Irish Sisters of Charity had commenced converting Sunnyside into a convent. It seems fairly certain that Henry himself had left the village before 1856 as seen later on in this article in relation to his leases from Dublin Corporation.
However, Henry continued to live at Edenfield in Dundrum and was active in business being a director of both the Dublin and Belfast Junction Railway Company and the Great Southern and Western Railway Company.
The trail of the family ended here from a Baldoyle point of view at this time, but there was one seemingly pointless letter from one signing as H M Hutton to The Times of London on 29th January 1934: My great uncle, Mr Henry Hutton of Dublin was born in 1792; his youngest daughter Mrs Ferrari, was born in 1861 and is still youthful looking and vigorous. Her youngest son is now 30. Should he attain the age of his grandfather – namely 86 – and he may well do so as he is very strong, that would make a span covering 198 years.
Tenants of Henry Hutton recorded in Griffith’s Valuation of c. 1845.
There were also many other tenants who were indirectly paying rent to Henry as sub-tenants of some of the following persons. Interesting to note that Henry in turn did not own the property; he held the town and lands in lease from Dublin Corporation. Where I have included details other than names I have taken such details from previous research or from Thom’s Directory of 1850.
Archbold John, ship owner
Bryan James, boot and shoe maker
Butterly Patrick, boot and shoe maker
Dombrain Sir James, Head of Coastguard in Ireland. Park House
Fitzsimons John, Hotel Etc.
Furnace Capt. N, (for his Baldoyle village properties)
Hammett John, butcher
Hartford Christopher, grocer or carpenter
Kane Christopher, tailor
Kane James provision, dealer
M’Cabe Owen, tailor of Rose Cottage
M’Manus Bernard, Baldoyle House, now Secondary School.
Radcliffe Thomas, blacksmith
Radcliffe Thomas jnr.
Rickard Patrick jnr.
Tallon Edward, sail maker and boat owner
Tallon Edward, tailor
Tallon Nicholas, blacksmith
Tallon Thomas, vintner etc.
Weldon Patrick, coal merchant
White Fr. John, Parish Priest
But we must consider what Henry Hutton was like as a landlord. The following report was produced by Mr Morgan, Law and Land Agent for The Local Government and Taxation Inquiry Commission (Ireland) for 1874.
Henry Hutton, esq., J.P., had, during more than twenty years, before 1855, enjoyed the lessee’s interest in eight leases of the lands and town of Baldoyle. He had resided in the town until about the year 1851. He was a most considerate landlord, and never resorted to eviction to increase his rental by removal of occupants to the poor-house.
Mr Hutton had for many years appointed the late Mr Pat Butterly as collector of his rents of the town of Baldoyle. Mr Butterly subsequently became and continued (as) Mr Hutton’s collector or under-tenant until expiration of the leases in September, 1855, when Mr Morgan, on part of the Corporation, received formal possession of each separate tenement on the lands and in the town of Baldoyle.
The town of Baldoyle then consisted chiefly of thatched mud-cabins and huts of the most wretched description; and although almost every such dwelling contained two or more half-naked and half-fed children of fishermen or sailors employed on board of colliers, it was quite evident that the very poorest of the poor residents shared their own very miserable means to preserve the more destitute children from actual starvation.
Yet, notwithstanding such poverty, not a habitual beggar, vagrant, or loose character, was found resident amongst them.
Twenty-three tenements in the town of Baldoyle are now held under leases, or agreements for leases, for thirty-one years from September, 1856, producing an aggregate yearly rent of £264.
The remaining portion of the town consists of 110 to 120 tenements, chiefly small cabins, held quarterly, monthly, or weekly, the rents of which were collected for the Corporation direct, and paid in to the City Treasurer quarterly by the late Mr Pat Butterly, producing the net average yearly sum of £250.
Total rents from town of Baldoyle amount to £514 and total rents leaseholds, town lots, and town parks yield £1,658, amounting to a total income from Baldoyle of £2,172.
NOTE – The late Mr Patrick Butterly died in March last; Committee No.3 have appointed his son, Mr John Butterly collector.
The realization of £2,000 per year out of the lands and town of Baldoyle, naturally suggests to those members of the Council who had taken an active part in the regulation and re-letting of that property, that some fixed amount of annual expenditure would be necessary to improve and reconstruct the town by the erection of so many new cottages, built of stone and slated, as would sufficiently accommodate the occupants of the most miserable cabins intended to be removed in the proportion of ten new slated stone cottages to be erected instead of twenty mud cabins to be removed. It was also recommended to prevent the habitual flooding of part of the lands adjoining Kilbarrack, by construction of a new road, and of a proper sewer or culvert for effectual drainage of that part of the Corporation land which became frequently flooded.
Upon the recommendation and report of the Committee then charged with the management of the Corporation land, it was ordered by the Council in 1857, that an annual sum, not exceeding £600, should be expended out of the rents of the lands and town of Baldoyle, upon building suitable cottages, construction of the new road and sewer, and other improvements there.
The actual expenditure of the Corporation in building or improvements during the same interval was not continued progressively, according to the resolution of 1857, as will appear by the following particulars viz.
1857 to 1858 paid for erection of ten new cottages £660
1862 to 1863 paid for erection of ten new cottages £1,038
1863 to 1865 paid for new road and sewer £1,156
1863 to 1865 paid for new walls and footpaths £88
1857 to 1866 paid for pumps and repairs £88
Total expenditure £3,030.
It will appear by the late Mr P. Butterly’s accounts that there has been no loss of rent on any of the new cabins since their erection, and that the annual rent received for those so erected have realized £5 or £6 per cent on the expenditure.
I have in several Reports to Committee No. 3 repeatedly urged upon their consideration the pressing necessity for an annual expenditure in the erection of new cottages and removal of decayed cabins in Baldoyle; but I regret to state that the question of such expenditure has been considered and discussed upon its probable results as a remunerative investment, irrespective of any obligation on part of the Corporation as owners to renew the dwellings falling into natural decay, and preserve the proper means of shelter for the inhabitants. In my latest Report on Baldoyle to Committee No. 3 (7^th^ March 1874), I felt bound to call particular attention to new devastation caused by the severe storms within the previous month. I regret to state that no remedial action has yet been taken.
The erection of proper labourers’ dwellings is not only authorised but favoured by existing legalisation; and I firmly believe that the judicious outlay of £2,000 at Baldoyle within the next two years in such dwellings would prove fairly remunerative in rent, and present material inducements to purchasers, in case the Corporation shall determine to act upon the recommendation contained in my printed Report of 25^th^ May, 1872, for the sale in small lots, in perpetuity, rent free, of all the Corporation lands in the County of Dublin, including the town and lands of Baldoyle, the proceeds to be applied in payment of City Debentures.
Having lately attended a Committee, at which Sir John Gray, M.P., the Chairman of the Waterworks Committee, was present, when the subject of a supply of Vartry water to the town of Baldoyle was casually mentioned, I now recur to that subject in order that he, being also Chairman of This Committee, may consider, and advise whether such a water supply is practicable as an engineering project and financially.
I have also to mention that I have very recently learned that a late natural alteration in the tidal currents of the estuary, which ebbs and flows by the town of Baldoyle, is believed very likely to prove encouraging to the cultivation of oysters on that part of the beach which belongs to the Corporation.
Francis Morgan LL.D. 7^th^ April 1874.
2. Appreciation: Dr Ian Elliott.
The late Dr Ian Elliott with Senator Fergal Quinn and this author at the launch in the Racecourse Inn of The Light of Other Days on 10^th^ November 2011. (©mjh collection)
It is with great sadness that I learned of the death of Dr Ian Elliott in May 2015. Ian was a former staff astronomer at Dunsink Observatory who specialised in solar physics. He was a great friend to the Irish amateur astronomy community and gave many talks to clubs as well as writing on aspects of astronomical history. Ian also had a deep interest in promoting science and in this he was involved with ISCAN, the Institute of Physics in Ireland, and other bodies.
I first came into contact with Ian when researching the history of Stapolin; his name appeared in a number of publications with an address at Stapolin House. I discovered that Ian was a son of Nan Morrow, whose brother Robert had purchased the Stapolin farm from the estate of John Fitzsimons.
Nan had trained as a teacher and her second post was at the Burrow National School in Sutton. There Nan fell in love with the Principal, David Elliott, and the couple married in 1923. In 1928 after struggling with his lack of knowledge of the Irish language, now a requirement in schools in the Free State, David found a new position in Bangor, Co. Down and they moved north with their son Bobbie. Ian Elliott was born in Bangor in 1936. On retirement, David moved south with Nan and Ian to live at Stapolin House with Robert Morrow. Ian studied physics in Trinity College and later became a research student at Dunsink Observatory.
I eventually tracked Ian down to his home at Kilternan and discovered an amazing collection of photographs of Stapolin, Donaghmede, Baldoyle Races, and The Hill of Howth Tram. His photographs have become a most important part of the historical heritage of the Baldoyle area being of particularly good quality. Ian was most forthcoming with permission for my use of these pictures and they have enhanced most of my works since.
I would like to take the opportunity to offer my sympathy to Ian’s wife Dorothy, and his family. Ar lámh dheis Dé go raibh a h-anam uasal.
The truck which had brought the Elliot family’s furniture and effects from Bangor to Stapolin around 1961. (Late Ian Elliott collection).
Appreciation: Sr Elizabeth Anne McAteer
A link to the teaching days of the Irish Sisters of Charity in Baldoyle was recalled on 25th October 2015 with the death at 95 years of age of Sr Elizabeth Anne McAteer at Lakelands Convent in Sandymount. Following six years as Principal in Scoil Chríost Íosa in Blarney Co. Cork Sr Elizabeth Anne came to Baldoyle to replace Sr Perpetua Garvey as Principal of the Girls’ National School here in 1964. In 1967 the school transferred to a new more spacious school built on a field formerly known as Bell’s Well which had been used for some years as a football pitch. This school had sixteen rooms and had 620 pupils. Growing numbers demanded more space however, and the nuns responded with a new additional school adjacent to the existing school, St. Mary’s. The new school was named after St. Bridget, with Sr. Margaret Mackey as Principal and Sr Phyllis Behan as Principal of St Mary’s. Soon the wheel had turned full circle; the numbers again dropped and 1993 saw the closure of St. Mary’s and the consolidating of the schools into Scoil Mhuire in the St. Bridget’s premises with Sr. Clare Neylon as Principal.
Appreciation: Martin Naughton
Martin Naughton in 1973 in the new electric wheelchair that had been presented to him by Glasgow Celtic Supporters Club in Dublin. With Martin for his trip to Glasgow was Nurse Ellen O’Connell and Dermot Mooney of Burrowfield.
President Michael D Higgins led leading tributes to disability rights activist Martin Naughton who died in October 2016 at the age of 62. Martin was a native of An Spidéal in the Connemara Gaeltacht and both he and his younger sister Barbara were diagnosed with a degenerative disease of the muscles in childhood
In the 1960s they both moved into St. Mary’s Hospital in Baldoyle and would live here for many years as at that time it was common for disabled children to be separated from family and community.
He became heavily involved in the campaign for rights of the disabled and despite a physical condition that required round the clock care, Martin maintained a happy disposition
In 1990, now living independently in Breffni Gardens, Martin helped to found the pioneering Centre for Independent Living which, in turn, established the country’s first personal assistance programme to support people with disabilities to live in their communities instead of being confined to institutions.
In 1995, Martin received a People of the Year Award and was later made an adjunct professor at the Centre for Disability Law in NUI Galway.
President Higgins described Martin as “an indefatigable advocate for human rights” who fought for the right of people with disabilities to live in their own communities and homes. He said the Galway man had gained widespread respect through his lifelong campaign for the inclusion of people living with disabilities and through his work with countless statutory and non-governmental organisations. President Higgins added: Having experienced in his early years the once widespread practice of institutionalised living, he became a formidable and tireless campaigner for the right of people with disabilities to live in their own communities and homes.
President Higgins was represented at Martin’s funeral in Baldoyle by his aide-de-camp, Captain James Mulderrig, while Taoiseach Enda Kenny was represented by Lt Col Kieran Carey. Minister of State with special responsibility for Disabilities Finian McGrath, Éamon Ó Cuív TD and Joan Burton TD were also among those in attendance at St Peter and Paul’s Church in Baldoyle for his funeral Mass.
In his homily, Parish Priest Peter O’Connor said that the wonderful things Martin achieved when everyday was a challenge were being celebrated today. He spoke of the love Mr Naughton had for everyone and of how he reached out to so many people even though he had so many crosses to bear.
Many people joined Martin’s sister Barbara and other family members and friends for Martin’s burial at Reilg Coilleach in his native Spiddal.
Martin telling Taoiseach Enda Kenny at the gates of Leinster House what he thought of his (an Taoiseach’s) plans for more residential homes for the disabled. Martin was not slow in telling anyone, irrespective of rank or title, what his views were.
3. The Tramway Power House at Sutton Station
The power house prior to its burning. (©mjh collection)
Firemen damp down the shell of the burned building in October 2009. (©mjh collection)
The phoenix-like emergence of new apartments in this series of pictures which show the four faces of the old Power House of the Hill of Howth Tramway system at Sutton Station. (©mjh collection)
Electric power for the Hill of Howth trams was generated by steam boilers in a purpose-built power house close to Sutton & Baldoyle Station. The handsome building was built around 1900 by Messrs J & P Good at a contract price of £4,830.10s. The building was finished in red brick relieved with saffron door and window surrounds in typical GNR fashion. The distinctive chimney was 120 feet in height and was therefore the second highest building of its era in Dublin, the highest being Nelson’s Pillar at 130 feet. By co-incidence both structures were demolished in 1966.
Surplus current was sold to hotels in the area, St Lawrence, and the Strand (now Marine) and to the Sisters of Charity and the Christian Brothers in Baldoyle. Early electric street lighting in the Howth Urban District Council area also came from the GNR generators. Following the connection of the system to the national grid in 1934 the power house became redundant and was sold to become the Foochow paint factory.
The power house which had become vacant was destroyed by fire in October 2009.
The top picture shows the unoccupied building behind the wreckage of the tram shed followed by a view from 27th May 2000 with a special train leaving ‘Suttonians’ for the Irish Derby at The Curragh. The third picture shows the building on fire in October 2009, while the lower shows the building restored as two superb houses, numbers 1 and 2 Engine House as part of the new development ‘Dargan’s Way’ on 18th July 2015.
4. Sailing Directories for 1842 by William Mudge FRS and G A Frazer give the following directions for Baldoyle and Sutton.
……On approaching the entrance, keep more towards the lighthouse till abreast of the Harbour’s Mouth (Howth), in order to avoid the Spit of Baldoyle, which has very much extended lately; then round in as before. At night, when going in through this passage, keep the light from S. by E. to S. ½W.
The following is from The New Handbook of Ireland by J Godkin and J A Walker published in 1871.
5. Star of The Sea Cottages and Warren Cottages
The 1936-’37 map shows the two rows of cottages just north of the railway line. The road into Moyclare now sits immediately to the north of Warren Cottages and leads into the area which was known as Sand Pits or Brickfields. The old sand pits are the areas marked with the short height lines at top left above.
History of the Site
No’s. 13, 14, 15, 16 & 17 Baldoyle Road were built in 1914 by Howth Urban District Council (which was dis-banded in 1940) at a cost of £80 (€101.60) each. The terrace was known as Star of the Sea Cottages and formed a symmetrical grouping of five houses – the two end-cottages (no. 13 and no. 17) book-ending the terrace. The terrace of 5 cottages immediately to the north (no’s 18 – 22 Baldoyle Road included) known as Warren Cottages, were also built by Howth Urban District Council, shortly before the Star-of-the-Sea Cottages.
Older ordnance survey maps of the site indicate a sand-pit immediately to the south of the cottages on the opposite side of the modern train line which opened in 1846 and a field boundary appears to align exactly with the front facade of the terrace, explaining the unusual disparity between the line of the Baldoyle Road and the line of the cottages. It seems likely that when originally built, the area now given over to front gardens was not included with the cottages – No. 18 Baldoyle Road (the southernmost of the Warren Cottages terrace) originally looked out onto the only vehicular entrance to these 2 terraces of cottages off Baldoyle Road – this entrance then turned and ran along the front of the other 4 Warren Cottages. When the Star-of-the-Sea Cottages were constructed, this entrance was extended to run along the front of those also.
In later years the front area was sub-divided into gardens, and individual cottages provided with their own entrances – some vehicular, some pedestrian.
The cottages were also equipped with allotments to the rear, which is evidenced by the dashed lines on the ordnance survey map of 1937. The rear of this area was subsequently acquired to construct the Moyclare housing estate in the 1980s and the remaining area sub-divided to form the gardens and the rear laneway which form the current configuration of the properties.
There are other examples of this cottage type in the area – shorter (3-house) terraces of identical cottages are located on the northern side of Burrowfield Road, to the east of the subject site, and further 3-house terraces of identical cottages are located at Knockoath Cottages along Station Road, south of the junction with Burrowfield Road, and north of a pair of modernist houses (now painted bright blue) designed by Noel Moffett and constructed in the 1940’s by a man named Best.
The voters register for 1963-’64 lists the following voters in Star of The Sea Cottages:
No. 13 Bridget Clarke. It appears that a Clark family lived in this house from the 1930’s until 1953. In 1953, Sean O’Hare moved into the house & lived there with his wife, Joan (née Flood) until 1987. Sean, a native of Greenore was the last signal-man to operate the cabin at Howth Railway Station. The house is now owned by Jonathan Larkin and his wife Shanette Budhai. The inclusion of Bridget Clarke in the 1963 lists seems questionable.
No. 14 John and Harriett Reilly. This property was owned by the Leady family in the 1930’s & 1940’s. It lay idle for approximately 10 years, and around 1952 ownership passed to the Reilly family. Part was later sold to the Dallas family who substantially extended no. 14 to the rear. Eugene & Joanne Kelly purchased no. 14 in 2010 and currently reside there.
No. 15 Monica and Richard Carrick
No. 16 Helena and James Font. John Font is a long-time resident of 16 Baldoyle Road, and his family have lived in Star of The Sea Cottages since the 1930’s, and John has provided a considerable amount of history regarding the cottages.
No. 17 John and Mary Davis
The following were listed in Warren Cottages.
No. 18 John and Annie Keegan
No. 19 Julia and Annie Arnold
No. 20 Laurence, Rose, and Philip Daly
No. 21 Thomas, Mary, and Kitty McGlue. Thomas is quite possibly the man recorded in the 1911 Census as being at West Derby in England, but born at Baldoyle in 1883.
No. 22 William and Mary Byrne
The two cottages at the Baldoyle end of the Warren Cottages are strange in that they are in fact three houses which have been combined to make just two houses. I do not know when this alteration was made.
The cottages in the two terraces have now become desirable town-houses but remain as a reminder of the housing work of Howth Urban District Council.
John Font worked as a fireman with the Great Northern Railway during the 1950s. At 11.35p.m on Tuesday 30th. September 1958 Paddy Brady with John as fireman drove No. 197, Lough Neagh from Amiens Street to Howth. Strangely, this last Great Northern train on the branch had become a CIE train by the time it reached Howth at 12.13a.m. as on 1st October the GNR Board (formed in 1954 with representatives from Northern and Southern governments) was abolished and the services amalgamated into Coras Iompar Eireann in the South and Ulster Transport Authority in the North. As the train returned to Dublin a bugler played the mournful Last Post to the many people who had gathered on platforms along the way to bid adieu to the old company. As an aside, John once told me of an experience while firing a Howth local that left Amiens Street just some minutes before the evening Enterprise to Belfast. It was considered a mortal sin to in any way impede the progress of the Enterprise but on this particular day as John hefted a heavy shovelful of coal into the firebox of his engine the shovel slipped from his hands into the roaring fire. Desolation! What were they going to do to avoid running short of steam in the path of the Enterprise. They stopped at Clontarf (not Clontarf Road of today) but all John could borrow was a small hand shovel used for the fire in the waiting room. Back onto his footplate and he had to shovel furiously to take the train eventually onto the branch at Howth Junction with little time to spare. He also told me of a lovely summer’s night when he fired an engine at 2 a.m. to bring a string of empty carriages to Sutton Horse sidings for storage. He remembers the peace and quietness of the area as they left their carriages at Sutton.
The front of Warren Cottages in 1993. (©mjh)
6. From the camera of the late Barney Walsh of Stapolin Lawns
The front door of Kinsaley Hall before its 1980s restoration. (©mjh collection)
My good friend the late W.B. Barney Walsh on the footplate of the locomotive Sutton at Cultra Museum. (©mjh)
8. Recently discovered photographs and illustrations
A caricature of an early film actor Rex Ingram made at The Paddock of Baldoyle Races in 1915. The note to the right carries the name Hitchcock, so this is probably the name of the caricaturist.
The remains of a dug-out canoe which was unearthed by men digging in a sandpit at Sutton shown in the Irish Press on 11^th^ June 1935. It was believed to have been of Danish or Viking origin. Its fate is unrecorded.
9. News Items
Wednesday morning 26th Ult. Was brought into Baldoyle in Ireland by one of their wherries, a monstrous fish, twenty-seven feet long and about fourteen feet broad, has a very small head, but every part in proportion. The oldest fishermen in that town say they never saw the like, but believe it to be a young whale.
(Dublin Mercury 12/10/1753) •
However, the viewing of the ‘monstrous fish’ would have tragic consequences for one man:
Oct. 2. Sunday Evening a Taylor coming from seeing the Whale at Baldoyle, mounted on a grey Horse, a violent Surge of the Sea at the Strand, which rebounded from the Wall upon the Shore, carried him into the Sea, and was immediately thrown back by a second Surge and taken up, but expired in a short time of the Fright; the Horse went to Sea, and has not been since found. A Welch Goat was taken up on Saturday at Malahide, by some Fishermen, almost dead. Some were of Opinion that it had fallen off the Precipice of some Mountain in Wales, and the Wind and Tide being favourable had helped him to swim from thence; but the most probable Opinion is, that some Ship has been wrecked, from whence it is most likely to have swam.
(Dublin Mercury 12/10/1753) •
Thursday Feb. 14^th^. In the storm this night a large fishing boat belonging to Baldoyle was lost off Ireland’s Eye and all the hands perished.
(Pue’s Occurrences 14/2/1756) •
Dublin Jan 18th. The ‘Shaw’ of Whitehaven, Richard White Master, which was foundered near Ireland’s Eye went to pieces on last Friday, and the crew perished in sight of several people on the shore, who could give no assistance as the sea was so rough they could not put out a boat.
A collier which was forced from Dublin by the Whitehaven Combinators, struck on a rock near Baldoyle, where she was going to discharge her cargo. Bulged, and all hands perished.
(Oxford Journal 29/1/1757) •
A few days ago, a large eight oar’d Long-boat, was drove on Shore near Balldoyle, supposed to belong to a Guinea-man, who, it is feared, has been lost in the channel.
(Dublin Courier 26/11/1764) •
TO be let cheap, for a term of Years from 1^st^ of May last, and entered on immediately on the interest sold, 36 Acres of land, Part of the Grange of Baldoyle, Tythe free, a Mile beyond Raheny; the land can be dunged or manured without any Expence ; and there is plenty of Brick Clay and Bricks on said Lands. Application to be made to Benjamin Carroll of Mountrath-street^1^, or Mr. Robinson, Public Notary, Blind-quay.^2^
(Saunders’s News Letter 28/7/1773) •
On the 15th inst. a duel was fought near Baldoyle, in Ireland, between Sir Edward Newenham and Mr Sheriff Tucker. Each gentleman fired a case of pistols, one ball touched the lock of the Sheriff’s hair, and went through his hat. As soon as the pistols were discharged. Sir Edward drew his sword; when Mr Hart, (Mr Tucker’s friend) defied, Mr Adderly (who was Sir Edward’s friend) to interfere; whereupon Mr Adderly requested Sir Edward to sheath his sword. – The parties then shook hands.
(Newcastle Chronicle 5/3/1774) •
TO be let, the Interest in the Lease to be sold, the House lately built by the Rev. Moses Rouquier, at Baldoyle, in the County Dublin; together with three Acres of land. Particulars may be known by applying to Mrs. Cannon, at No. 80, Dorset-street.
(Hibernian Journal, or Chronicle of Liberty 28/6/1775•.
THOMAS O’BRIEN of Baldoyle, in the County of Dublin, is allowed by Rich and Poor to accomplish whatever he undertakes; he can bleed, set broken bones, cure the Scurvy and many other Disorders, and is skilful in the Diseases incident to Cows.
He cured Mat. Owens of a broken Shoulder, Mrs. Daly of a broken Leg, Jane Sarwel of a sore Ankle, Thomas Cradee of a sprained Ankle, Mary Record of broken Shoulder, Mat. Rorke of a broken Arm, John Sweetman of a broken Shoulder, Daniel O’Neill of a broken Thigh
(Saunders’s News Letter 22/1/1776) •
The following is a strange notice insofar as it places the loss of the watch between Dublin and Baldoyle, or at the Race-Course there. This is puzzling as the previously known date of the commencement of racing here was 1853. Where was the racecourse of 1776? An early Dublin newspaper The Intelligence carried the story on 31st March 1730 that on the previous day there had been a race which yielded great diversion to the spectators at the Warren House which was approximately on the site now occupied by the Elphin Inn.
LOST between Dublin and Baldoyle, or at the Race-Course there. On Friday 12^th^ [_ Inst. July, a watch with two slight gold cases, the outside one engraved. The Maker’s name Theod. Morrison, London, No. 574. Whoever brings it to Nugent Booker, Watch- Maker, No. 14 Capel-street shall receive two Guineas reward, and no questions asked. If offered to Sale this request may be stopped, and the same reward will be given. _]
(Saunders’s News Letter 15/7/1776) •
Last Monday morning, Bartholomew Doyle, master of a fishing smack belonging to Baldoyle, fell from on board his vessel on George’s Quay, and his head coming against a stone, fractured his skill, and he died immediately.
(Saunders’s News Letter 13/1/1779) •
GRAZING. MEADOWS at Baldoyle, will be opened for Grazing on Monday the 23d inst. May; Horses at 3s. 6d. per Week, and Cows at 2s. per Week. The Proprietor, George Furnace will have a particular Attention to the Cattle; the Land is remarkable for fattening. None will be received for less than one Month; Horses left any Day at No. 56, Summer-hill, at 12 o’.Clock, will carefully taken down.
(Saunders’s News Letter 14/5/1779) •
Mr JAMES SEELEY, Surveyor^3^ of Balldoyle.
In justice to your merit, as well as for the public good, I take the liberty of expressing the warmest acknowledgements of your conduct both as an officer and a gentleman, respecting the vessel lately stranded at your port. Your disinterested behaviour in endeavouring to bring to punishment the plunderers, and your unwearied diligence in securing the property for the unfortunate sufferers, merits the thanks of every well-wisher of society: But it is to be regretted that all such offices as yours are not filled by such gentlemen, was in the case, it would render the revenue respectable, and not only contribute to the good of his majesty, but to the community in general.
I am, with the most sincere respect, your obliged humble servant.
(Saunders’s News Letter 28/1/1780) •
To be let for Building, at Baldoyle, five Miles from Dublin, one hundred Acres of excellent Meadow, which are some of the most delightful Situations that can he imagined, commanding a full View of the Bay and Harbour of Dublin, together with an extensive land and Sea View to the Northward. From five to ten Acres will let for long Term of Years, and any further Quantity to complete a Domain will let for 31 Years. The Soil dry and healthful, and convenient for Bathing. Bricks are ready burned on the Premises, and Building can be executed there much cheaper than in or near Dublin. To induce any Person who is willing to treat, the Proprietor, Geo. Furnace, will contract to build on any Plan, at such Price he is sure will be agreeable.
(Saunders’s News Letter 17/3/1780) •
TO be let, from eighteen to twenty Acres of Ground, on which a good House has been lately built; Said Ground joins the Sea, and is situated six Miles from Dublin, and one from Baldoyle. For Particulars inquire at No. 73, Britain-street.
(Saunders’s News Letter 17/6/1780) •
Yesterday morning a man, under some disorder of mind, put an end to his existence, being found hanging on a tree near Baldoyle.
(Saunders’s News Letter 20/4/1781) •
DROPPED, about fix o’clock on Tuesday Evening last, between Clontarf and Baldoyle, Gold Watch in green Shagreen Case, with a small Chain, and a Box Key hung on the upper Link of the Chain, with three Gold Seals; one of them flat Lough Neagh Pebble, with double Head on one Side, and on the other Side the Cipher CC. Two Guineas Reward will be paid to any Person that brings it to Mr. Chaloner, No. 36, Marlborough-street, or the Printer hereof, and no Questions asked.,
(Saunders’s News Letter 3/5/1781) •
The following Notice was on Saturday last filed in the Royal Exchange Coffee-room.
The commissioners of his majesty’s revenue, having just now received letter from the surveyor at Baldoyle, dated this day, giving an account that the ‘Fame’, a collier, was on Thursday last boarded by a French lugger privateer, and an armed brig her consort, near the Isle of Man, and that their intention is, is apprehended, to intercept the vessels bound for, or from the port Dublin. They have directed me to make this intelligence known to the merchants and traders in this port.
Custom-house, GEO. L’ESTRANGE, Dublin, May 12, 1781. Pro. Collector
(Saunders’s News Letter 14/5/1781)•
A CAUTION AGAINST DRUNKEN COACHMAN.
Whereas John Moran, who lived with me as a Coachman for Some Time past, got so drunk, that in returning home this Day from town he overset the Carriage, broke the Glasses, by which the Person in it was severely bruised and hurt.
Baldoyle, 25th July, 1781. JAS. HUSSEY. Since he was discharged my Service, he went to the Lodgings of my House Steward in Dublin, who is in a dying Condition, and there insulted and abused him in the grossest Manner. Baldoyle Aug. 3^rd^ 1781.
(Saunders’s News Letter 8/8/1781).•
To be Let, the Whole, or in Divisions, from the 1^st^ of May next. Part of the Lands of Moyne, containing 123 Acres, situated between Baldoyle, Portmarnock, and Bellgriffin, on the Sea Side, within five Miles of Dublin, in the pleasantest Part of Fingal; there neat House and excellent Offices on the Premises. Proposals be made to John Segrave, Esq; Cabragh, near Dublin.
William Marlow, my apprentice, who had four years to serve, ran away from my service and took with him several articles. In pity to his youth, and the intercession of friends, I forgave him several trespasses, in hopes of an Amendment, but as his latter conduct has been for abandoned and drunken, (thus) I thought it my duty to advertise him
Baldoyle 3^rd^ September 1781. Jas. Hussey
(Saunders’s News Letter 6/10/1781)•
[_ I desire the Public may not give any Value for, or negotiate on any Pretence whatsoever, Promissory Note for ten Pounds odd, signed with my name, and payable to Patrick Barnwall of Baldoyle, as I never received any Value for the same, and am determined never to pay it.- Given under my hand in Prussia-street, this 22 ]^[_nd]^ October 1781 for my father MICHAEL DODD. JOSEPH DODD
(Saunders’s News Letter 23/10/1781)•
ARRIVED AT WHITEHAVEN
‘Fame’, owner Cain, Baldoyle (probably phonetic spelling for Kane) 26/3/1872.
‘Mary-Anne’ owner Johnson, Baldoyle.
(Cumberland Pacquet and Ware’s Whitehaven Advertiser 30/7/1782.)•
Found on the banks between Wicklow and Arklow , a sloop, Burthen about eighty tons. Name unknown, without any living creature on board, by Pat Kean of Beldoyle, and was brought in there on the 6^th^ instant. For further particulars apply to the said Kean.
(Saunders’s News Letter 10/6/1782)•
[_ TO BE LET, furnished, at Baldoyle, for two or three Months, as may be agreed on, a neat small House, consisting of two Parlours, two Bed-chambers, a Kitchen, &c. with Stable and Coach house, in well inclosed Yard; it is extremely fit for a Family, who wish to bathe or drink Goats Whey, being contiguous to the Hill of Howth, where Plenty of extremely good Whey is to be had during the Season. Apply at No. 71, Marlborough-street, or at No. 12, North Cumberland-street. May 30, 1783. _]
(Saunders’s News Letter 6/6/1783)•
HAY IN TRUSSES
AS Right Hon. and Hon. the Dublin Society, highly approve and recommend sending Hay to Market in Trusses, after the English Method, Patrick Dodd, in order to make Trial thereof, will send some choice old Hay in that Manner on each Market Day, to be sold by James Newman, No. 41, Smithfield. As it is difficult to introduce a new Plan, however serviceable to the Public, he hopes the Nobility and Gentry will countenance this Undertaking. N. B. He will send eight Trusses on each Car, which will make a full Market Load. Stapolin, near Baldoyle, 5th Nov 1783.
(Saunders’s News Letter 19/11/1783)•
GOOD GRAZING. ABOVE twenty Acres of very good Grass different Parks, very well enclosed, just opened for Cattle, four miles from Dublin, the Grange, between Rahenny and Baldoyle. A careful Man will take Care of them. No unfound Cattle will be admitted. The Parks are supplied with Water. Horses 3s. 3d. per Week.
(Saunders’s News Letter 8/10/1784)•
TO BE SET OR SOLD
The interest in the House and Demesne at Beldoyle, late in the Possession of Mr Joseph Atkinson, deceased; The house is neat with Dairy, Coach-House and Stabling for thirteen horses. Demesne containing twenty-Six acres and Half of choice Meadow Land, Part under Tillage, the whole being Tythe Free, most beautifully situated, commanding a fine open view of the Sea, Dublin, and Lamb Bay, within a Half Mile of the sea, and four miles from Dublin. A Lease may be had for thirty, forty, or sixty-two years. – N.B. To be disposed of a Neat profit Rent of £35 per year, undeniably secured.
Proposals in writing or in person will be attended to, at No. 28 Bachelor’s-walk.
(Saunders’s News Letter 25/4/1785). Refers to Grange Abbey House•
BALDOYLE. TO be let for the Summer Season, a large convenient Cabin, elegantly finished, and furnished, with Coach-house. Stable, and every other useful Office, Flower and Kitchen Garden, all in complete Repair. The House contains Parlour and Drawing-room, three Bed-chambers, and Servants’ Rooms. Sea Bathing very convenient. Application to be made Mr. Furnace, Baldoyle. .
(Saunders’s News Letter) 8/7/1785•
Thursday last, Mr Kerr seized in Baldoyle, forty-three sixpenny and two twelve penny loaves, being deficient in weight and not having the baker’s name on them, which were distributed to the poor on the spot.
(Saunders’s News Letter 15/10/1785)•
A DRUNKEN POST CHAISE MAN. WHEREAS Thomas Henderson, Post Chaise Man to James Hussey, Esq. is now discharged his Service for Drunkeness, Impertinence, and Neglect of his Horses, and is well assured that for said Faults he has been discharged his former Service, Baldoyle, Dec. it, 1785. JAMES HUSSEY.
(Saunders’s News Letter 21/12/1785).
It does not seem that James Hussey had much luck with his servants in the 1780s!•
Saturday last, a new species of contribution was practised in Smithfield. A number of penny-boys assuming the magisterial authority seized upon a cartload of hay belonging to a poor man who lives near Baldoyle, and under pretence of its being light, detained it until late in the evening, when they extorted half-a-guinea as a fine.
(Saunders’s News Letter) 20/1/1786•
To JAMES SEALEY, Esq. Surveyor of Baldoyle
I TAKE this public Method of returning you my sincere Thanks for your persevering Humanity, and unwearied Activity in preserving and storing all that could be saved out of my unfortunate Vessel, stranded near Baldoyle; and also for your uncommon Generosity in refusing to receive the Salvage which you had so just a Right to demand, or any other Consideration for the Hardship and Fatigue you had undergone—Your Conduct on this Occasion is above Praise, but beyond my Feelings.—l shall only beg Leave to add, that I am with the most heartfelt Gratitude, Sir, Your much obliged, and obedient humble Servant, JOSEPH WHEELWRIGHT. Dublin, 4th Dec. 1786. (Saunders’s News Letter 5/12/1786) •
Thursday-, at his seat near Baldoyle, James brother Lord Beaulieu, and nephew to the last Baron of the ancient House of Galtrim. By his death, a considerable fortune devolves to his younger brother, Richard Hussey Esq.
(Kentish Gazette) 20/4/1787. By deduction we can see that the deceased was no other than the previously mentioned James Hussey who had so much difficulty with his servants•
On Friday last died, near Baldoyle in Ireland, the 107th year of his age, Jonas Warren. He was supposed to be the oldest fisherman in that kingdom, being years the practice of obtaining bread from the ocean, and during that time had but two fits of sickness. His appetite was so keen, that within a few weeks his death, he eat near three pounds of solids, and drank three pots of ale at a meal.
(Hampshire Chronicle) 18/6/1787•
Prospect Lodge shown on Taylor’s Map of 1810, below. The house was later known as Donaghmede House.
TO BE SOLD
The much admired Villa of PROSPECT, on the lands of the Grange of Baldoyle, in a beautiful Situation and good Neighbourhood. The House and Officers new and perfectly commodious, with a Garden fully cropped. The Land (23 acres) liable to only £2 per Acre, and a Clause in the Lease to fine down Half the Rent, upon Valuation. In quire at No. 114, Great Britain Street.
(Saunders’s News-Letter 14/4/1789) •
A correspondent informs us, that on Sunday last, a smuggling vessel belonging to Rush, was driven onshore near Baldoyle by stress of weather. She was immediately boarded by Customs House officers, but had her real cargo so marked with herrings as to elude the vigilance of the officers, who left the vessel unsuspecting. She was afterwards boarded by party of officers from Clontarf, who, either more vigilant or more suspicious than the former party, discovered the delusion, and detected a valuable cargo of tobacco, which they seized. This however it seems was through a breach of hospitality, for the smugglers, desirous of conciliating the good wishes of the officers, plied them with grog.
(Saunders’s News Letter 25/4/1789) •
There does not appear to be any record of the location of the school mentioned in the following news items and also on some into the 1800s. Previously records dated the first schools in Baldoyle as 1831 with the founding of the National Schools here. There were some obscure references to a hedge-school here prior to that, but not to an Academy.
AT BALDOYLE ACADEMY
An English Assistant whose morals and ability sufficiently qualify him for the department.
Apply to Mr Harding, or Mr T. Gibbins, Meath-street, or at The Academy.
Baldoyle 15^th^ August
(Dublin Evening Post) 20/8/1789•
In 1795 a position arose for An English Assistant at the Academy:
Must read and write well, understand arithmetic and book keeping and undertake an active part in the government of the school; an intelligent, sober, active middle aged man shall have the preference; such a person will meet encouragement and cordial treatment, in proportion to his exertions in a faithful discharge of his duty.
[_ N.B. To be let, for the season, furnished or unfurnished, a neat convenient house, containing a parlour and drawing-room, three bed-chambers, servant’s room, kitchen, vault, cellar. &c. with coach-house and stable, goat’s whey to be had convenient. Inquire at the school. _]
(Saunders’s News-Letter 18/5/1795) •
BALDOYLE SCHOOL. MR. Gibbons, anxiously desirous for the improvement of his pupils, being conscious of the clamour and confusion incident to indiscriminate tuition, and esteeming it a maxim that regularity, order and method are the springs of good academic education, has lately enlarged his house, increased the number of his ushers, and regulated his school (which is always regulated under his own immediate inspection) as to obviate these inconveniences. In consequence of which a few more boarders can be accommodated on the following terms:
1^st^. Youth under 10 years, taught reading and writing, with a just grammatical pronunciation, at 10 guineas par ann.
2^nd^. Boarders from 10 – 12 years old are taught arithmetic, book-keeping, geography, and mensuration, with their application to the trade and commerce of this kingdom, at 12 guineas per ann.
3^rd^.Young Gentlemen of 12 years and upwards are taught geometry, astronomy, and algebra, with their application to the use of the globes—Also land surveying and navigation, at 16 guineas per ann.
4th, Latin is taught; a French and dancing master of abilities engaged, to attend not less than six pupils, at three guineas each, per ann.
[_ Manual exercise, one guinea per annum; general entrance, two guineas; one do. Washing Stationary 4s. 4d. per quarter; sea bathing, 2s. 8½d. per month. Boarders for the bathing season only, four guineas per quarter, one do. Entrance, washing, &c. as above. _]
N. B. let for a term of years, or for the season, furnished or unfurnished, two neat houses most pleasantly situated on the verge of the sea, with coach house and stables.— Apply to Mr Gibbons, Baldoyle, Goats whey to be had convenient.
(Dublin Evening Post 25/5/1790) •
Yesterday, one of the robbers who lately plundered on the Santry Road, was taken at Baldoyle and escorted by a strong guard, who safely lodged him in Newgate Gaol.
(Saunders’s News Letter 10/4/1793) •
[_ BALDOYLE. TO be set for the season, to pay debts, large commodious house, furnished; has garden, stable &c. with every convenience for a genteel family. There is established in the town a ball and assembly room, tavern, and chop-house. Apply to George Furnace, Esq., or Rev. J. B. Hamilton, Baldoyle. To be inserted on Mondays and Thursdays. _]
(Saunders’s News Letter 22/4/1793). This is a strange advertisement as application is invited to either George Furnace, a Protestant, or to Fr John Baptist Hamilton who was Parish Priest here•
GRAND BALL SUPPER.
PUBLIC ROOMS, BALDOYLE
On Wednesday 26th June.
THE Nobility and Gentry are most respectfully informed, that there will be a Ball and Supper on that night.
Admittance to Gentlemen 11s. 4d.
To Ladies 5s. 5d.
Good accommodation for horses, and everything provided in the best manner.
Tickets to be had at the Rooms, Baldoyle.
(Saunders’s News Letter 24/6/1793)•
[_ BALDOYLE ASSEMBLY ROOMS, and TAVERN WILLIAM O’BRIEN, with the utmost sense of gratitude, begs leave to return his sincere thanks to the nobility, gentry, and the public, for the very great encouragement he has been honoured with since his commencement in business. The larder, as usual, furnished with the best things in season; wines of the first growth, and highest flavour, stabling, &c. Elegant furnished lodgings to be let, adjoining the tavern. _]
N. B. By particular desire of several ladies of distinction of the neighbourhood, there will be Ball and Supper on Monday the 1^st^ of September.
Gentlemen’s tickets 8s. 1½d.
Ladies do. 5s. 5d
(Saunders’s News Letter 27/8/1794) •
On 18th July 1795 Mr O’Brien of The Public Rooms, Baldoyle again advertised his premises and services in Saunders’s News-Letter:
WILLIAM O’BRIEN respectfully begs leave to acquaint the nobility, gentry, and the public that the elegant rooms lately built at said town are now opened and ready for their reception, where every necessary attention will be paid to those who may be pleased to honour him with their support; the larder, as usual furnished with the best things in season, wines of the first growth and highest flavour, stabling etc.
N.B. There being no house of entertainment at Howth, company going to the Light-house (in their way) may order dinner at Baldoyle, which is three miles nearer town.
Furnished lodgings adjoining the tavern.
A ball and supper will be given on the 19^th^ inst. •
TO BE LET FURNISHED
[_ Or the interest the lease be sold, Captain Carew Smyth’s elegant Villa, on the Mall in Baldoyle, fit for the immediate reception of a family, being lately inhabited by General Whyte;—There are six acres of choice meadow ground, three walled gardens, green house, and all possible necessary and convenient offices. Application to be made to Edward Taylor, Esq. Merrion -square, South. _]
(Saunders’s News Letter 26/8/1793) •
TO BE LET
THE house, offices, and garden of Kinsealy, with thirty acres of choice laud, situate within five miles Dublin, one mile of the sea, between Malahide and Beldoyle, and 2 miles of Swords, a good market and post town. Also a farm containing forty-five acres of choice land, with good farm house on it; and the large house in the town Beldoyle, (the Dolphin Tavern) stabling for forty horses, and a large rere (sic.) to it, fit for any public business. Apply to, James Tisdall Esq., 34, Rutland-square.
(Saunders’s News Letter 2/4/1795). The Dolphin Tavern is a new reference to this writer in the town of Baldoyle•
Last Saturday night, the house of Mr Evans at Baldoyle was assaulted by a number of banditti, said to be defenders, but as Mr Evans had prepared himself with the assistance of four dragoons, two of the assailants were shot dead on the spot in attempting to break in: their companions who did not expect a warm reception, fled.
(Saunders’s News Letter 17/9/1795) •
[_ Thursday a very numerous and respectable meeting of the inhabitants of the barony of Coolock was held at the ball-room in Baldoyle, when they entered into a Spirited association, and subscribed a large sum, to be deposited in the bank of Sir William Gleadowe Newcomen, for the purpose of rewards to those who shall discover where Defenders are concealed, their meetings, or tendering oaths, &c. _]
After the meeting J. Bell seized a large quantity of bread (almost every loaf in the town) greatly deficient in weight. In one house he seized between three and four pounds worthy that wanted many ounces each loaf, which he distributed among the poor of the parish, in proportion to their distress.
(Saunders’s News Letter 19/9/1795) •
In consequence of information given to Mr Justice Furnace Sunday evening last, a great concourse of people was assembled in the fields near Baldoyle. For thee avowed purpose of riot. This very active Magistrate went to disperse them and prevent mischief. His endeavours were for some time fruitless, and, not till many blows were given and much blood spilled could he effect his laudable intentions. We understand he was twice knocked down by some of those desperadoes, and in imminent danger. However, we are happy to learn that he received no material injury, and as we hear he knows the persons who assaulted him, we hope they will suffer the punishment they justly merit.
(Saunders’s News Letter 6/4/1797) •
Resolved Unanimously, that our Treasurer Robert Mills Esq. be directed to pay out of the funds of this troop, the sum of £50, to any person who will, within six months of the date hereof, discover and prosecute to conviction, the person or persons who fired at Thomas Furnace Esq., Magistrate of the County Dublin, and Serjeant in this troop, on the evening of Monday 13^th^ instant, near the Grange of Baldoyle.
Signed by order Robert Mills, Secretary, On parade Nov. 19^th^ 1797.
(Saunders’s News Letter 29/11/1797) •
On Wednesday 29^th^ December 1802 the brig ‘Frederick’ under Captain Wilson of Workington, from Cork struck the North Bull about a mile and a half W. of Sutton and in less than an hour was a complete wreck. Unhappily, the crew, twelve in number, were all lost, one man excepted. The cargo, an affortable (sic.) [_ one consisting of mahogany, fruit, flour, spirits, papers &c. is scattered along the coast; but owing to the spirited exertions of Mr. Furnace of Baldoyle, who with a party of horse, attended them, notwithstanding the inclemency of the weather, several of the above articles will be saved. ] ([_Saunders’s News-Letter] 31/12/1802) •
The publication named The Hibernian Journal, or, Chronicle of Liberty printed the following advertisement on 25th May 1805.
Wanted an assistant, who can teach English Grammar (here an undecipherable word), Geography, and the use of the Globes, and whose
Terms. Boarders from 7 to 10 years old 20 guineas per annum. Do. From 10 to 14 years old 25 guineas per annum. No Entrance•
LANDS AND PROFIT RENT, To be sold by Auction, by JOHN DAVIS, At the Commercial Coffee-Room, At two o’clock, Monday, February 9, 1807,
SUCH part of the Town and Land of Baldoyle The property of the late Thomas Furnace, Esq. As may suit the purchasers, in divisions from £20 a year to £500. Also 8 Acres choice land, and several Plots of Building Ground, in the town, now unset, well calculated for building: it will be sold for long term years free of rent and tithe. For further particulars and rental, application to made to J. Davis, 60, S. Gt. George’s-street, or Mrs. K. Furnace, Baldoyle.
The above from Dublin Morning Register of 5/1/1830 shows that poor Mr Dodd who was tenant at Stapolin became insolvent and had the property re-possessed. The same fate would befall Mr Frizell some few years later•
In 1835 work was in full swing on the construction of the new Parish Church in Baldoyle. Fr Young, the Parish Priest organised several fund raising events including the one advertised in the Dublin Morning Register on 17th August 1835:
On Sunday 23^rd^ August 1835, there will be a FETE CHAMPETRE^4^, or PUBLIC RURAL DINNER, given on the Meadow of STAPOLIN, BALDOYLE.
The Citizens wishing to visit Ireland’s Eye. – the Ruins of St Nesson (sic.) – The Velvet Strand – or the Romantic Cliffs of Howth, will be attended gratis by the generous fishers of Baldoyle and Howth with Boats and Wherries, from the Quays of Howth and Baldoyle.
Messrs. Nugent of Kingstown and Frizell, of Stapolin, have kindly consented to act as chief Stewards on the occasion•
The Dublin Evening Packet and Correspondent (20/8/1835) also printed the advertisement, albeit beneath an editorial comment:
Fr. Young invited his flock to come forward my brave Parishioners, and give your contribution to the dinner: Turkeys, Chickens, Ducks, Hams, Bacon, Rabbits – anything in that way will be acceptable. A generous effort, now, will build the chapel without further expense. Hundreds of people will be at the dinner. If it be got up without expense to the Charity, it will bring lashings of money.
The newspaper strongly recommended the Protestants of the metropolis to avoid the north-east side of the city on Sunday evening, and to such of them that intend to breathe a little fresh air on that day, we should (stay away from) Baldoyle, Howth, Stapolin, and the surrounding sea and land. They also queried the fact that the band of the11th Regiment would be allowed to exhibit and perform on such an occasion.
The following lengthy advertisement by Dublin Corporation (Evening Freeman 21/12/1855) shows the lots of land coming up for new leases in the Baldoyle estates of the council. These came up for renewal every 31 years and the tenant had to bid at auction to retain his house and lands.
Saunders’s News-Letter of 24th January 1857 gave a listing of the properties belonging to Dublin Corporation in Baldoyle which were to be granted new leases at auction that same day at noon in City Hall. The properties with their out-going, and hopefully incoming tenants are summarised below. The suggested equivalents today are added in blue text where known:
1A, 1B, 1C, 1D, 1E. Cottage and garden, Lawrence Rooney, Christopher Brien, Pat Doyle, John Archbold (2). The tenants of these to bear the cost of party garden fences, quicks, and palings. Probably cottages at Ball Hedge.
1F, Cottage and Offices, Pat Weldon. On Weldon’s Lane.
3A, Cabins and field, Francis Gill. Probably Baldoyle Cottage at Weldon’s Lane
5. Large House, offices and garden, H. Hutton and P. Butterly. Probably the convent and the house adjacent to St. Patrick’s Nursing home, Courthill House.
6. Tavern and offices, John Fitzsimons. Pub on site of southern section of convent.
13, Large house, gardens and cabins, Catherine McManus. Probably now girls’ Secondary school.
17, Two houses, gardens, and cabins, Dr. Rorke, Mary Jackson. Dispensary.
18, House, garden and offices, Catherine Reck. The Mall
20, 25, House and garden, Captain Furnace, John Butterly. Possibly Breffni
23A, House, garden, and lawn, G. Marquis and J. Reilly. Now the boarded up residence of Christian Brothers on Dublin Street.
The houses in Lots 5 and 13 are very spacious and those of Lots 18, 20, 23A, and 25 are very good slated houses, well suited for respectable tenants•
A strange notice appeared in Sanders’s News-Letter of 11/4/1857. Why would the race company want to rent out the stands, unless it was for non-racing periods of time? •
The following year the lease on The Mall came up for renewal and here is how it was advertised. The clause requiring the tenant to build a new police barracks raises an eyebrow.
Lot No. 4. Large dwelling house, offices, and garden, with Stable Yard, known as town Lot of Baldoyle No. 21, on The Mall of Baldoyle. On lease for 75 years from 29^th^ September 1857. Tenant to this lot to repair Dwelling house and erect Constabulary Barracks on Stable Yard, according to plan to be approved.
(Saunders’s News-Letter 25/1/1858[_)_] •
—A serious accident befell Mrs Armstrong, the wife of Sergeant Armstrong on Wednesday evening, near the Sutton Station on the Howth branch of the Dublin and Drogheda Railway. It appeared the learned Sergeant, his, wife, and three children, had driven in a phaeton and pair to the Station, to leave a friend there, en route for Dublin by the 5.5.p.m. train, were awaiting the opening of the gates at the level crossing with the intention of prolonging their drive along the road to Baldoyle, when the passing train startled the horses, which are of high spirit and one of the animals swerved and fell into the ditch. The Sergeant, seeing the imminent danger, snatched the children from the phaeton but Mrs Armstrong could not get out in time. The learned Sergeant who was standing holding the reins endeavoured to get the horse out of the ditch and had succeeded in so doing when one of them trod on his foot and the reins fell from his hands. The horses, freed from control, started off in the direction of home, and dashed along until they reached the Sutton and Howth cross-roads, where they dashed against the fence breaking the carriage, and throwing Mrs. Armstrong out with great violence. She once conveyed to her residence, Greenfield, where she now lies. Although no bones have been fractured, she suffers considerably from contusions and from juries her shoulder and back. Medical aid was procured as soon as possible, and Surgeon Adams and Dr O’Rorke of Baldoyle were in attendance in the evening. Mrs. Armstrong was on Thursday morning much better, having passed a comparatively easy night. The learned Sergeant is confined to the house in consequence of the injuries he sustained to his’ foot.
Sir Charles C. Domville Bart. Has, in the most kind and truly generous manner, presented the Parish priest of Howth and Baldoyle with a magnificent phaeton horse and harness.
(Freeman’s Journal 26/12/1862)•
The Medical Press and Circular for 1868 contained the following bizarre item: J. Breslin, fisherman, from Baldoyle, 53 years, was admitted to Dr Steven’s Hospital on November 15, 1867. He had been under Dr McDowel’s care in Steeven’s Hospital some weeks before, suffering from irritable bladder. On admission, he stated, that in order to relieve himself from the bladder irritation which had returned, he had introduced into his urethra a portion of a leaden tube. On introducing a moderate sized sound a foreign body was felt close to the bladder.
On November 16^th^ this body was removed by cutting on a staff in the middle line of the perinaeum. The body, which really proved to be a portion of lead, was readily caught in a pair of dressing forceps, one blade of which was run along the groove of the shaft.
Following treatment using conventional catheters, the patient was dismissed cured on 11th January 1868. The thoughts of this tend to bring tears to my eyes! •
1 Led from Charles Street to Pill Lane.
2 A passageway leading from Isolde’s Tower to Cork Hill in Dublin was known in the 13th and 14th Centuries as Scarlet Lane. Renamed around 1620 to Blind Quay, it was to become Exchange Street in 1776.
4 While the term champêtre is derived from the French expression for a “pastoral festival” or “country feast” and in theory was a simple form of entertainment, in practice (especially in the 18th century), a fête champêtre was often a very elegant form of entertainment involving on occasions whole orchestras concealed in trees, with guests sometimes in fancy dress. Thus the simplicity of the event was often contrived. although this term is generally more confined to the idealistic fête champêtre as depicted in art. (Wikipedia)
The 2017 edition of the Journal of Old Baldoyle, a village in County Dublin Ireland. This year's journal features the family of Judge Henry Hutton, obituaries of Dr Ian Elliott, Sr Elizabeth Anne McAteer, and Martin Naughton. Star of The Sea Cottages are featured along with newspaper extracts from the 1700s. Sailing directions for the coast hereabouts from 1849 and a selection of photographs are all included.