Interior Design Styles
Copyright William Gore 2017
Table of contents.
As there is a wish to live well and beautifully! And all in our hands! Of course, the apartments built in days of a mass construction of socialism leave much to be desired, however today thanks to the new equipment and construction materials it is possible to turn an owl the house into “candy”, will really live in it and it is good, and it is pleasant. Everything depends only on the imagination of the owner and, maybe, if not enough that, the help of civil engineering firm and salon with design.
Planning style of an interior for a modern country house, many architects even more often address classical art of the past, its perfect proportions and internal harmony today. In a chain of the art directions the modernist style occupies, perhaps, one of the leading places. Paradox? Branded once as manifestation of narrow-mindedness and platitude as deprived of any art value and doomed, apparently, to drowsiness, today a modernist style again at the peak of popularity.
1 Modernist style, concept of style and its feature
Modernist style was called differently. France called – Art Nouveau, in Germany – jugendstil. Modernist style implies unusual layouts of rooms. Architectural structures in modernist style also differed in special originality. The color palette suitable for modernist style are pearl gray, gentle-lilac shades. As for furniture in modernist style, it was also rather unusual. Chairs, chairs, little tables and couches had twisting outlines.
Similarity of modernist styles and Art Nouveau is shown in ornamental registration. Let’s remind that style of Art Nouveau is considered separate style from modernist for a long time. And so, decorative and ornamental registration implies various flowers (irises, poppies, water lilies), insects (dragonflies, grasshoppers), birds, feathers of a peacock. Modern modernist style is strict geometrical forms and asymmetry.
Smooth, glossy, uniform are adjectives which characterize surfaces (floors) in a modernist interior. Floors can be concrete, from granite, and the most widespread option – laid by linoleum, but it is obligatory not in bright tones, and more in neutral, uniform colors, without drawings. Such metals as – stainless steel, chrome are welcomed in finishings of furniture, complete kitchens.
It was accepted to decorate ceilings a stucco molding earlier. Modern imitations of a modernist style use moldings for a ceiling decor.
Modernist style, concept of style and its feature
The modernist style period in Russia was rather short. The story on architecture and creation of the internal environment of the house with its richest arts and crafts filling which and today, a century later, don’t cease to admire a look released a little more than one decade, to concern hearts and to inspire on creation of numerous stylizations. Arrangement of a country house in modernist style is in many respects caused historically. This bright and original direction of a turn of the 19-20th centuries which in the European option found the main application in the large cities and imbibed in itself the last technical achievements of that time in relation to Russia is fairly associated with the Golden Age of country farmstead architecture.
To be fair it is worth marking that art of a modernist style is extraordinary разнолико and is multifaced. As we know, had characteristic features and югендстиль in Germany, and сецессион – in Austria, and an art nouveau – in France. Also the modernist style in Russia with its rethought perception of the European achievements which found as a result the fertile field in the native fatherland didn’t become an exception. Diversity of an esthetics of a modernist style, it, apparently, so contradictory manifestations – for example, art glass from Tiffany or rerikhovsky wall lists, tonetovsky chairs or Gaudi’s country houses, and also many other concepts which became characters in many respects is explained by it. A modernist style – in each case art deeply national and personal, based including on profound knowledge and philosophical understanding of traditions of the receiving homeland.
Everywhere in European, and in a huge level in Russian, art of a turn of the 19-20th centuries private house mansion was designated as one of the leading subjects in architecture. This type of the building became the most acceptable option which opened the richest opportunities for architects of new style. And applicable both to the architecture, and to interior art of decoration. The personal house, formation of its appearance and the internal environment, creation of decors and ornaments, search of pieces of utensils and accessories, characteristic of style, as well as hundred years ago, today occupy minds of architects and designers.
Houses in modernist style and accessories to them
The modernist style was style extremely multifaced, and therefore fertile for flight of the creative imagination.
Unfortunately, the original historical samples capable to help to plunge into the atmosphere of the left era, remained not so much. In particular, in St. Petersburg and neighborhoods from wealth huge once only a few monuments remained up to now. The reasons for that are different, not the last role was played, as we know, also by peripetias of national history. However even that the sparse, by miracle escaped heritage of architecture of the end of XIX – the beginning of the 20th century and gives today a bright idea about unique and extremely refined modernist style.
“House fairy tale” against the background of a landscape
In most cases modern modernist style finds the application in architecture of country houses. Exactly here, behind the fence which is fencing off a zone of private ownership where the imagination of the artist isn’t held down by a close framework of the city apartment it is possible to realize the most courageous and bright projects.
A century ago country cottages in modernist style were designed by the most famous architects of the time; representatives of the domestic intellectuals or the bourgeoisie, and also solvent foreigners acted as customers, as a rule. The similar tendency can be observed and today: people not only solvent, but also formed, thinking, having art taste and ready to original decisions become owners of mansions in modernist style now. A prototype of the modern cottage in modernist style built from the latest materials, the finished type which is given at least high-quality “products” of high technologies is the classical house of vicinities of St. Petersburg of the beginning of the last century. Often it represented the simple wooden felling which is set up on the high socle decorated by a red brick or a “fragmentary” gray-brown rubble stone. This acceptance – a combination of various invoices in one context – became one of characteristic and style forming in architecture of a northern modernist style. In not smaller degree also various pseudo-national stylizations, for example the mansions with shlemovidny towers growing from cool a red tile the mnogoskatnykh of roofs are related to architecture in modernist style. With such decision the walls decorated by light plaster and a dark granite socle will ideally contrast.
Usually cottages in modernist style cause associations with the German or Swiss country architecture which cornerstone are фахверк, the big window openings divided into three parts and a turret. Anyway recognizable acceptances of an architectural modernist style will become an expressive silhouette of the house with the dynamic composite solution, contrasts of flowers and invoices (is more often than a tree and a natural stone of different breeds) and decor elements, characteristic of it. In particular, metal and pig-iron designs which play a huge role in style forming. It belongs to fences and lattices, registration of a porch and lamps, a handrail, elements of garden architecture and small landscape forms. A cottage in modernist style – it is obligatory the ensemble combining directly a set of the means of expression having the soft fluid forms, a smooth bend and a characteristic decor: elastic curls and twisted lines.
Certainly, ideally architects aim “to maintain” external front heterogeneity of materials also by an internal structure of the house. For a modernist style there is characteristic a complete approach to registration of certain rooms when the internal architecture is realized in free composition of space, unusual combinations of amounts and internal dynamics.
Today’s owner of the country real estate having means and having art taste, most likely, will want to create the dwelling other than other private houses. The voluntary refusal of several bothered ascetic minimalism or cold hi-tech at the same time doesn’t mean neglect to the latest developments of the equipment and use of finishing materials of the last generation at all. As well as hundred years ago, the present house in modernist style are the high technologies providing comfort, heat and a cosiness, and the bright, memorable style of a situation – the road which however isn’t abounding with grandiosity of gold or a stucco molding, not semi-official, but rather chamber. The modernist style was always the style propagandizing identity. And today the architects working in modernist style stylistics continue the search of new decisions begun once – planning, composite, finishing and design.
Generous picturesqueness, the drawn elements, plasticity of forms of furniture, special methods of dressing, availability of sign details and fragments is inherent in an interior in modernist style. All this together sends to historical style, one of slogans of which was once a motto: “Back, to the nature”. Similar acceptance is actively operated also by today’s designers. Easily recognizable lines of a modernist style are the smooth, flowing each other lines repeating perfection of natural vegetable forms. In difference, say, from the same classicism with its detailed severity and symmetry, here all just the opposite: an easy innuendo, asymmetry and a bend, the difficult drawing – the elements promoting associative perception of forms and silhouettes. Similar maxims can be carried to the category of the main decorative signs of modernist style. However it is at least important to observe also architectural aspect which is expressed not only in planning solution of all house, but also in separate structural elements of an interior – window and doorways, forms of arches, functional ceiling beams, registration of ladders etc.
Refinement of furniture of an interior is reached due to color and the invoice of facings, thanks to art expressiveness of decors, by means of shod cast iron, window and door stained-glass windows. The last, as we know, take the huge place in forming of stylistics of a modernist style, on the importance, without yielding to the well-known Gothic stained-glass windows. Today’s artists and creators of stained-glass windows in modernist style also derive inspiration from natural elements and lines, by means of various the technician and technologies reporting perfection and beauty of natural forms. As well as classical samples of an era of a modernist style, a modern stained-glass window it is most often not abstract, and represents quite figurative glass painting.
In many respects expressiveness of stylistics of a modernist style is reached also at the expense of facing materials. For example, a ceramic tile which became traditional material for today’s interiors of all styles and the directions. Nevertheless in the modern embodiment it surely is followed by an ornament – geometrical (a classical Greek meander) or florealny (with characteristic portrayals in the form of spirals and curls).
In decoration of the walls find application as wall-paper (in traditional option – the drawing with a vertical strip), different types of decorative plasters are more often vinyl, possessing the rich invoice, and. Sometimes in interiors the combination of materials is used, for example the upper part of walls can be tightened by silk or is painted with paint, and lower – furniture is revetted with panels from a tree of the same breeds, as. The tree can quite often be met also in registration of a ceiling.
Floor coverings represent much richer today, than hundred years ago, a palette. However the esthetics in many respects remained former: the wooden board showing natural beauty of natural material, a type-setting parquet with characteristic curved elements in modernist style and, of course, a floor tile – picturesque or, on the contrary, the monochrome, skillfully made old and transferring color eras.
The house in modernist style should be perceived as a single organism in which each detail – whether it be the layout of rooms, a bedstand, a chandelier in kitchen or a hook in a bathroom – is identical to a towel it is important. Any trifle – if not handiwork, then the element which is picked up with huge attention. Fortunately, today it is possible to find without effort the lamps imitating modernist style stylistics with the plafonds reminding forms of the revealing flower, traditionally to a lily. In furniture of a drawing room there shall be tables and chairs with curved legs; the main obivochny material for upholstered furniture – the atlas and silk. Colors – soft, muffled, it is better than half tone. Light green scale and shades of lilac is especially popular. Pearl gray colors, and also saturated gold and ochre are characteristic. In general the situation can remind the atmosphere of decadent salon of the beginning of the century, with the muffled blinking of silver and nacreous gloss.
The same cabinet furniture without which, probably, it is difficult to do in an interior today can have striking traits of modernist style. In it there shall be a place to some kind of art “excesses”: to an opaque or color glazing, mirrors with a facet, a graceful fitment, a nacreous intarsia, inserts from ivory etc. In case of the choice of a furniture set it is enough to pay attention to objects with the prevailing smooth line, curved outlines and the generous natural invoice.
Charm of creation of a situation in modernist style also that it we are separated not so by a big time frame. Therefore in case of desire the interior can be arranged also original bagatelles of the beginning of the last century.
If not furniture, then accessories. So, for example, a long-legged bronze heron under a ladder in a drawing room or the small ashtray in the form of a cockleshell decorating a shelf at a sofa will become at least eloquent symbols, than irregular shape the curved arch connecting a drawing room and the dining room, or the drawing on a floor reminding a sea wave. To add here a palm tree in a tub, the wooden cane with a copper knob which is “accidentally” forgotten in a corner and the cigar on a lomberny little table smoking in light circle from a lamp with the woven lamp shade – and than not a modernist style?!
Addiction of it, the style which was considered once decadent to any art accessories and lovely trifles itself can use for the good. As we know, everything in our life consists of trifles. And in a case with a modernist style – from beautiful trifles. It is worth remembering that the well-known phrase of F. M. Dostoyevsky was the basis for declarations of a modernist style: “Beauty will save the world”. In this sense the modernist style completely confirmed the task set by him – creation of beautiful style for beautiful life.
Any this hostess dreams of this kitchen, the place where it is possible to create the surprising culinary masterpieces, but also to welcome guests, and also to have a rest most.
Life became such dynamic, isn’t that so? In total according to the diagram, according to the plan, according to the schedule, it is also necessary to be in time, not to lag behind, not to be late. Time hits the drum quicker and quicker, it is important not to glork from a rhythm and to get to a clock period. Not only people, but also things get to a swirl of eternal dance. The architecture can’t stand aside, it too, forgive for a pun, it is rebuilt and instead of a ceremonious waltz executes intricate to a waltz.
The three-room apartment from the threshold tightens in a swirl of prompt life of the megalopolis. Saturated contrast colors complicate an interior, changing ideas of the true amount of location and playing space. Unpredictable bends of a false ceiling and leaky lines of walls enter smoothness and the strange tenderness. Contrary to them numerous rows of glass blocks in baffles, stands, the stenochkakh remind of rhythm and orderliness, at the same time bearing the functional loading: they facilitate architectural elements and add feeling of ease and transparency, freely passing light. Quite big uniform guest space, nevertheless, is accurately zoned.
The boundary of kitchen is defined absolutely single-digit. Wooden kitchen furniture of simple modern forms is separated from a hall of three volnoobraznma by walls of different height. Transition to a drawing room is designated by a bar counter — an island baffle not parallel to walls with a narrow suspension table-top and a row of glass blocks over it. The suspension shelf over it conveniently contained bottles and glasses. Layout of the place for meal directly in the middle of the apartment allows, without coming off a dinner, to watch the favourite telecast: the huge screen of the TV set is precisely opposite. Directly under a stand, in the first row the home theater, upholstered furniture is set.
Between windows at the level of a bar counter the small easy baffle with an uneven cutoff is made. From kitchen it is adjoined by a dining table. On the other hand from a stand end face on a parquet floor the track of a black tile with the built-in lamps resting other end is carried out
Blinking of neon advertisings and roar of the street doesn’t get into a bedroom. Here it is possible to relax and to have a rest fully after intense day of work.
The small hygienic room — the brightest room of the apartment. Saturated yellow, orange, claret spots replace each other, ideally emphasizing a snow whiteness of plumbing fixtures.
The nursery answers tastes of the owner. Blue and beige tone create the fresh cozy atmosphere. The minimum of furniture of ergonomic forms leaves a lot of free space. The desktop is taken out on the warmed loggia attached to the room. The place for the book shelf was over a window, almost under the ceiling.
In this place the wall as if burst on all height under weight of flow of a ceiling, and already then with uneven torn edges built in glass shelves a hole. Near deepening — the complete antithesis, three shelves ledges of square shape. Lighting in the apartment, as well as is necessary to the modern house, combined: the built-in illumination is combined with small lamps on the ropes stretched through the room.
Change of floor coverings has something in common with lines of a ceiling, but doesn’t duplicate them. The path from a threshold is bent to a drawing room, therein it has a dark path companion, it extends, viscously flows along the apartment and removes in a private part of the house, resting directly against a lilac wall of a bathroom.
The small hygienic room — the brightest room of the apartment. Saturated yellow, orange, claret spots replace each other, ideally emphasizing a snow whiteness of plumbing fixtures. In such bathroom in the mornings owners receive the guaranteed charge of cheerfulness and good mood, solar shades banish a dream remaining balance.
Cunning bend of a wall in combination with the low mirror panel mask an entrance to the bedrooms located the friend opposite to the friend. The bedroom of owners is arranged in quiet beige tones, without experiments and excesses. Blinking of neon advertisings and a roar of the street doesn’t get into a bedroom. Here it is possible to relax and to have a rest fully after intense day of work. The nursery answers tastes of the owner. Blue and beige tone create the fresh cozy atmosphere. The minimum of furniture of ergonomic forms leaves a lot of free space. At windows — technological white blinds. The desktop is taken out on the warmed loggia attached to the room. The place for the book shelf was over a window, almost under the ceiling.
Precisely calculated combination of functionality and beauty — here that creates unique identity of the modern dwelling.
The less apartment, the is more difficult to re-plan it. Standard right angles and an inevitable set of doors “eat” space, doing the room boring and standard. The settled stereotypes prevent to leave from a traditional arrangement of rooms.
Only to the real wizard in power to see the unusual decision and to create something extraordinary. Only on the true genius the inspiration will condescend: to push a drawing room in “far corner”, and to unite an office with … the dining room. What from this can turn out? And here that.
That there was a usual three-room apartment: simple rooms, silly corridor, tiny service premises. as a result of small reorganization in it there is no nothing left banal, each room has got the person, and the apartment in general became amazingly integral and harmonious.
First of all it has been decided to get rid of an excess part of a corridor where there were doors of kitchen and a bathroom. the entrance to kitchen has moved to the next room, and the bend of a corridor became natural continuation of a bathroom, significantly having increased its area. in a new expanded bathroom it was succeeded to place all necessary sanitary equipment. now morning hygienic procedures can be carried out with comfort, without resting elbows against walls, and knees — against a basket with linen. the unusual mirror octahedron and warm colors of a tile support vigorous mood.
Disposal of a part of a wall between the next room and a corridor became the following step. instead of her there was the arc-shaped partition, an otdlivshy part of a long corridor therefore the small hall has turned out.
In the natural niche formed by a bend of a new wall the clothes which are closed the sliding doors successfully were placed. there is a bathroom door. the equal rectangular aperture in the rounded-off wall keeps the complete length of a corridor, natural axis of the apartment, but is perceived as border thanks to change of a covering of a floor from a tile on a parquet. the hall has turned out pretty close, but it was easy to be corrected by means of huge, in all wall, mirrors. it not only allows to consider the appearance in all details, but also visually moves apart volumes. behind a wall bend, in a secluded corner, the console desktop of an unusual form successfully was located: the mini-office has so turned out. above over a table — the TV on an arm relating any more not to a working zone, and to the dining room. the glass oval dining table looks quite easy, despite the impressive sizes. heavy dark curtains of difficult geometry give to the room a cosiness and seclusion, connecting together a little diverse situation.
Insignificant height of the room usually limits possibilities of use of ceiling plasticity, but at desire there is nothing impossible. there was so a superficial round niche over the center of the dining room and lamps in her and on perimeter. the semi-arch aperture conducting in kitchen is decorated with original platbands of different width. transfer of a door — the only change which has concerned kitchen. here the choice of the most practical equipment became the basic. g-shaped light gray kitchen furniture has occupied the most part of useful area, however her technological design doesn’t make heavier the room. a dark strip under hinged, counterbalancing her proportions.
In such small apartment there was no surplus of the place for accessories therefore practically each element of an interior bears, besides true functionality, also additional decorative loading. especially brightly such approach was shown in design of doors. their original asymmetrical decor really became a highlight of interior decor. also not numerous built-in furniture didn’t become an exception: the clothes doors in a hall divided into six squares with a contrast fringing are associated with shod gate of the lock.
Take more courage, the imagination and talent, add love and sense of proportion, warm up on slow fire of professionalism — and you receive an ordinary miracle.
The wide table-top will allow to place all necessary for commission of a comfortable morning toilet. The unusual mirror octahedron and warm colors of a tile support vigorous mood
It is a roof over the head. This place where owners come in the evening after the difficult working day. This space where it is possible to meet friends, colleagues, close people. And the apartment is a continuation of soul, the lock where everything is in harmony with inner world of the owner, gives it joy, pleasure, esthetic pleasure. Ideally everyone aims at such house. How to reach implementation of a dream that the apartment, the house were the place where it is comfortable to a body and quietly soul?
For increase in space it was necessary to remove internal window openings of two glazed loggias and a partition of one of three bedrooms.
Window frames are lowered almost to a floor that like a drawing room studio creates illusion of open space and gives the chance of the wide overview.
The long soft sofa with a light upholstery, convenient chairs in the same style with a set of cushions – a fashionable element of a modern interior became the favourite of a spacious drawing room really.
The mood is created by thinly thought over system of lighting: a chandelier in modernist style, the lamps which are built in a ceiling, illumination of niches, floor lamps. Not the last role in registration of the hall is played by plants (palm trees in ceramic tubs), hours of an original form, convenient low chairs, little tables of different function.
The lucky find can be considered use of interroom aluminum-glass partitions. At their expense it is possible to expand if necessary space of a drawing room or to cut the entrance area, forming a hall. The element of easy sliding partitions is borrowed from the Japanese traditions.
Here everything is subordinated to the idea of complete rest and relaxation. Soft light, beige pink tone of walls, wide convenient bed
the Italian production, a dressing table with a big mirror in a refined frame. It is possible lying to watch the telecast, it is possible to sit at a window in a convenient chair, to scroll all events of the last day in imagination … Originally the mirror segment on a ceiling over a bed creating illusion of the sky looks.
It had to be moved in other room, there, where there was one of bedrooms earlier. A floor is laid out by the ceramic tile of white color which is well combined with walls of light brown color. The bathroom is equipped by the last word of modern developments in the field of plumbing fixtures: a bathtub with a hydromassage, a toilet bowl, a bidet, a wash basin. Heating of floors with use of electric system is provided that allows to regulate temperature in a bathroom by periodic shutdown of system. As decoration of the room serves the mosaic panel.
Such designs even more often appear in modern apartments. In our project wardrobe of 8 sq.m it is screened from bedroom space by means of a foam-concrete wall.
Here the emphasis is placed on a set of furniture of lemon color. Convenient line of a bend, built-in regiments, lockers, local illumination, maximum quantity of the necessary trifles. In the project division of working and lunch zones is put. A square table of a sliding design with a glass table-top. Wooden stylish chairs have bluish-turquoise backs that is in harmony with color of a table-top. Lamps of an original design and form in opaque lamp shades go down over a table, creating the atmosphere of a cosiness and comfort. The bright panel in solar and bright tones draws attention and emphasizes the style sustained in all decorative registration.
Here the owner comes not only to get enough sleep, but also to have a rest soul, to receive an energy charge, to enjoy rest and true harmony of life.
Provence – style in interior design
Who doesn’t dream to get out among cold working everyday life in a warm solar corner from time to time. Provence style will help to fulfill your wishes directly in the house or the apartment and will realize dreams in reality.
Provence is a quiet southern region of France, with the splendid nature, the blue-blue sea and a bright sun. The interior of provincial houses is executed in unique, original style. This region served as the birthplace and a prototype of the well-known and esteemed still style in interior design.
This style perfectly will suit fans of a cosiness and comfort. And for those who quite often came to see the grandmother in the village, enjoyed freedom and beauty of the world around, Provence style will become this find and memory and the past litas. Pleasant memories from the childhood will help to relax and forget about all troubles and problems.
If you want to create to yourself the atmosphere of tranquility and a pacification in style Provence, it is necessary to know its main characteristics and distinctive features:
Pastel shades such as are used, more: beige, cream, pale yellow, terracotta, dirty orange, color of a sea wave, pale green, lavender and blue etc.
The ceiling is painted net in white color. It is possible to decorate a ceiling bleached or, on the contrary, with dark beams;
Best of all will be suitable for finishing of walls, inaccurately applied, white plaster. Modern impressive plaster of light tones will also well look on room walls.
The board or tile is put on a floor. The board can be as painted, and the raw, modern lining and a parquet too well approach.
In principle style, the French windows shall be used (windows from a floor to a ceiling). If there is no opportunity to deliver such, it is possible just to purchase the wooden windows broken into several sections.
Furniture shall be obligatory from a tree, it is allowed also wattled or shod.
In an interior fabrics of generally natural origin are used: льон, ситц, cotton and others.
Decor elements are present too, it generally products knitted a hook (napkins, covers for pillows, cloths), shod candlesticks, wattled baskets, pictures with flower landscapes, ceramic plates, mirrors at shod frames, candelabrums. Obligatory attribute in a style interior Provence is a symbol of France – a figure of a rooster.
Existence of live plants, the dried ikebanas will only improve a general view of an interior.
If you the fan of ancient things, it is pleasant to you to know that will perfectly fit into Provence style a little shabby, with the peeled paint dressers, cases, benches. Things with the past are interesting, mysterious and always bewitch. Antiquarian things decorate and diversify Provence style.
Generally Provence style rather free. The main thing – to transmit spirit of Provence, his mood and a charm. Therefore experiment, choose and create to yourself unique design of own house.
Scandinavian style in interior design
This style has no began, the end in the history of interior design. It exists ever since when modern countries of Northern Europe were created and became stronger. All countries of Scandinavia in something are similar the history, climate and a conduct of life. Therefore also interior design of these countries has common features and characteristics.
The warm, cozy and convenient house was always a symbol of success and wellbeing for all people of Scandinavia.
But. as the full-fledged direction in design and architecture the Scandinavian style exists only from 80th years of H_H of a century. The main idea to which all principles of the Scandinavian style submit sounds so: “There are more beautiful things for every day!”.
And in 1905 at the international exhibition in the USA and Canada the Scandinavian style declared about itself, as about new, special and perfect design style.
In the modern world this style popular and demanded, along with Japanese, English and Italian.
This style personifies nature and the principles of life of the northern people. In it beauty, simplicity and naturalness harmoniously unite.
Let’s list the main distinctive features and characteristics of the Scandinavian style:
Obvious prevalence of light tones. Except white color shades of beige, yellow, blue and green color are often used. Bright, saturated colors are present too, but only in small elements.
Net tenches, minimum of a decor and excess jewelry.
Abundance of light. White daylight and bright light from a lamp or a chandelier is equally demanded.
Use of mirrors, sometimes very big size.
Houseplants, often big. Which add to the room of freshness and preach love to the nature.
Furniture it is simple and it is functional, and in too time easy and graceful.
Upholstered furniture. It is some kind of business card of the Scandinavian style in an interior. Comfortableness of chairs, sofas and beds has the highest level. All forms, finishing materials and registration of furniture promote good rest and a dream.
Light, imperceptible ceilings and floor. Warm carpets or skins of animals on a floor.
Easy curtains or curtains which not strongly close a window. Blinds and draperies aren’t welcomed.
Lack of any art drawings on fabrics and firm surfaces.
Family photos and self-made beautiful jewelry.
Stone fireplace which embodies all sanctity and heat of a home.
All elements of an interior are very convenient for use and are functional.
It is a lot of natural fur and warm covers.
Only environmentally friendly materials are used: light breeds of a tree, ceramics, glass, metal, natural fabrics (flax, cotton wool).
The Scandinavian style in interior design at first sight rather simple, but actually it isn’t simple to create the real Scandinavian situation very. Each room in the Scandinavian style has to be in advance thought over. It is democratic style which equally well is suitable, both for a country house, and for the city apartment.
In the Scandinavian style it is possible to issue any room, but practice shows that it is the best of all to make out in him rooms for rest and a dream.
From all existing styles, Scandinavian is one of the quietest and having for sleeping and to rest. He creates really warm atmosphere which warms heat and a cosiness all family.
One more undoubted plus of this style is the small cost of elements and materials for his creation. In the countries of Scandinavia there is a proverb which transmits spirit and mood of this style.
Classical style in interior design
The history of classical style is rich and saturated. The birth and forming of this style began at the time of the Roman Empire. But full registration of style as certain current in art and architecture, began only 300 years ago. And throughout all this time classical style incorporated the most magnificent, pertinent, refined elements of an interior and a combination. Main principles of classical style it: luxury, chic, comfort, convenience, wealth and elegance.
For this reason it is difficult to mix classical style with any other.
It bears in itself(himself) the special atmosphere of the elite dwelling of all times and the people. Recognition, distribution and popularity of this style was the share of the most developed part of the medieval world – to Western Europe.
But, for registration of an interior in this classical style it will be necessary to be spent well because this style doesn’t suffer any restrictions in the price and quality. Classical style assumes use only of expensive natural materials and exclusive furniture.
Are characteristic of classical style:
Objects of the correct, graceful form;
Severity of lines;
Rich decor: columns, various arches, frescos, etc.;
Furniture from expensive breeds of a tree with carved figured legs, handles and backs;
Gilding, and use of other valuable metals;
The ceiling is decorated with a stucco molding. A big chandelier with suspension brackets (glass or crystal);
Expensive, relief wall-paper of light tones: yellow, beige, cream, olive, gentle-pink;
Drapery of walls expensive fabrics (silk), tapestries;
Windows decorate with a lambrequin, curtains and dense, big curtains (Usually Roman curtains of bright color);
Use of a parquet from a natural tree;
Availability of accessories: the floor watch, figurines, antiquarian details, pictures, mirrors in a gilded or wooden frame, products from copper and crystal jewelry.
Availability or obvious domination of snow-white color;
You shouldn’t forget that we live in the 21st century. Therefore, in our house there will be no room in which there would be no equipment. But, it isn’t necessary to worry and in advance to worry about how to include modern achievements of mankind in classical style. Everything is very simple. By means of the thin plasma TV which can be attached accurately on a wall your interior will become smarter and bohemian. Technical objects can well spoil an interior in classical style, but if it is accurate and correct to place them, the impression will remain correct.
By means of classical style it is possible to feel this aristocrat or as today speak, “mister of life”. At the same time, any guests will adequately estimate your taste and design preferences. Classics is always alive and urgent!
Minimalism – style in interior design
The minimalism is the simplest, practical and “disputable” style in interior design for the last two centuries.
The basic principle of minimalism consists in creation of complete interior design with use only of the most necessary and most important elements. During creation of a detailed interior in advance planned space and the list of elements, necessary for the room, is necessary.
The minimalism does the room spacious, fills it with air and diffused light. Creates feeling of spaciousness and freedoms. It is considered that the free space in the house allows to get rid also of “internal partitions”. The minimalism rejects all classical ideas of beauty, comfort and style. Contradicts traditional representations of art, diverse scenery and jewelry.
The basic (initial) principles of minimalism unite in theories of a functionalism and constructivism. He is characterized by high laconicism, accuracy, and brightness of compositions. In true style minimalism only natural, natural construction materials are used.
Distinctive features of minimalism in interior design
Geometrizm (existence of the elementary geometrical figures, soft bends and transitions).
Big, and sometimes and huge, windows which as if unite the house with the world around or even include the nature in a room interior.
Simple forms of furniture.
Zoning of space and existence of multilevel good lighting.
Color preferences of minimalism – a play of half tones. It is a lot of contrast transitions, shades of a tree, metal, and also quiet flowers. (In one room, as a rule 2-3 colors, are no more)
Simple, natural construction materials.
Existence of a set of wide, free surfaces.
Emphasis on the most important.
In style minimalism it is possible to issue any the room. This style is simple and universal.
The minimalism, as if refuses all useless and decorative, leaving in an interior only what is really necessary. Style minimalism often tries to hide all modern technological elements, leaving in the room only result of their action, it first of all concerns lighting and acoustics. All surfaces of the room, as a rule, monotonous and equal.
In style minimalism very much a part elements of tinted and transparent glass are used. From glass wall shelves, doors and even walls are also created. Glass finds the place in furniture preferences of minimalism too.
East (Japanese) minimalism
East style can be marked out as the certain current of minimalism. This style initially is present at the Japanese culture and traditions. Here broad application of a tree and fabrics is obligatory. Not seldom the bamboo, rice paper stone elements meets. In the Japanese minimalism, as a rule, light walls, sometimes with thin, simple Japanese drawings, the Japanese ceramic molding is also considered traditional.
It should be noted that the minimalism, is not just one more style in an interior – it is the full-fledged course of art which has in parallel arisen also in music, painting, architecture and a sculpture.
As there is a wish to live well and beautifully! And all in our hands! Of course, the apartments built in days of a mass construction of socialism leave much to be desired, however today thanks to the new equipment and construction materials it is possible to turn an owl the house into "candy", will really live in it and it is good, and it is pleasant. Everything depends only on the imagination of the owner and, maybe, if not enough that, the help of civil engineering firm and salon with design.