ESCAPE FROM LUXEMBOURG, 1933-1940
ESCAPE FROM LUXEMBOURG, 1933-1940 With Adolf Hitler coming into power on January 30, 1933, Germany quickly degenerated from a democracy to a dictatorship. SA Storm Troopers and SS thugs, Nazi paramilitary forces, organized book burnings, arrests, deportations and the methodical harassment of opposition parties' leaders and Jews. Any organization or individual who would dare to dissent or disparage the par-ty or its leaders would be persecuted. Many sought refuge in neighboring countries; though soon these countries enacted complicit laws, visa and travel restrictions, making escaping Germany and its annexed lands increasingly difficult. Until October 1941, Germany strongly encouraged and coerced Jews, their main target, to leave the country. The little Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg, whose border with Germany is formed by the rivers Moselle, Sura and Our became a temporary sanctuary for Jews, artists, writers, musicians and politicians from Austria, Germany, Poland, Russia and other countries.