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This book has content that is related to Marijuana, cannabis, weed, hemp and other aspects of the Marijuana plant which are presently illegal in many countries. Such content pertains to medical and therapeutic uses for Marijuana, cannabis, edibles and hemp oil, Marijuana cannabis / hemp cultivation and recreational use. Every effort has been made to ensure that the content of this book is precise, however the book is provided “as is”. The author and the publisher make no representations or warranties in relation to the accuracy or completeness of the information found in it. While the content of this book is provided in good faith, the author and publisher do not guarantee that the information will be kept up to date, be accurate and not false, or that this book will always be available for consumption.
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Published by: SandSPublishing
ISBN-13: 978-1539961345- Print version
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Table of Content
Types of Marijuana plants
How Marijuana Affects the Body
Growing Marijuana Indoors, Outdoors or Both
The Seedling Setup
Seedling Growth & Cloning
The Vegetative ‘Mainlining’ State
Marijuana Flowering State
Creating Your Own Feminized Seeds for Next Year’s Use
Marijuana Harvesting & Storage
Marijuana Usage & Cooking
Infestations, Molds and Viruses
Lighting and Marijuana
Other Books by this Author
This book focuses on selecting, small scale growing and storing of Marijuana for personal use. It shows you step by step how to grow the strain(s) that best suit your needs. In our rapidly changing world, stress can cause untold damage to our body and mental state. Stress in its own right is known to cause anxiety, sleep disorders and general body malaises such as acute tiredness. Most of us will use prescribed or over the counter drugs to manage our body’s malaises but over time these drugs will frequently do more damage than good. In this book I will show you how to select and grow the varieties of Marijuana that effectively manage the body and mind disorders resulting in body well-being through the natural consumption of Cannabis (Marijuana) without the long term side effects that prescribed drugs can cause.
This book will show you step by step how to select, grow and use Marijuana by cultivating three main strains from a maximum of nine plants that will provide product for several years. I also show you how to easily clone your plants and sell them to recoup your money on the initial investment of seeds and setup. As baby boomers retire, recreational Marijuana can be used to manage any day to day issues of well-being. So instead of paying for Marijuana that is of unknown origin and strain wouldn’t it be simpler to grow your own and have the mix of plants that will best benefit your health.
Pharmaceutical drugs like the mild painkillers Ibuprofen, naproxen, and aspirin all have side effects that over time can cause serious body damage and severe painkillers like morphine, OxyContin etc. lead to immediate short term dependencies. Millions of people per year consume these harmful drugs while Marijuana – if consumed correctly – can control many of these ailments by working in unison with the body’s natural endocannabinoid system. In my search for effective ‘clean’ medicines, Marijuana continually appears as a real alternative to man-made drugs. As baby-boomers age, their need to find alternative safe medicines is driving the view that Marijuana, if used responsibly, is a great natural medicine that enhances the system through the endogenous cannabinoid receptors found throughout the body. I imagine instead of purchasing Marijuana you actually grow it, just like any other vegetable in your garden or deck. Now, not only do you know what you are consuming but you also appreciate its life giving properties.
I have developed a guide that shows you in easy stages how to buy, grow, trim and store Marijuana at a fraction of the cost of purchasing it. I also discuss the four basic methods of intake; inhaling (smoking and vaping), edibles, tinctures and juicing.
Marijuana is still illegal in many countries throughout the world. However, this is changing rapidly because of the observed benefits of this plant especially for the ageing population. Nevertheless it is still advisable to grow these plants in a secure area where friends and neighbors cannot openly see or smell your plants. Also it is advisable to check what you are allowed to grow – especially in the USA, since each state has its own laws. In many places growing a few plants is entirely legal whereas growing a lot of plants is not. A good rule of thumb: always keep the number of plants less than ten. This is the magic number that separates you from the serious grower/seller and if caught fines are a lot less. It is advisable in any case not to mention growing your plants to anyone and to keep within the legal limits of the number of plants for individual use.
I grow my own plants and have experienced the complete process of growing and storing Marijuana in its many forms. I grow it as a vegetable mainly outside in pots in discreet locations. For storage I blend it with butter, oil, chocolate and gelatin.
All information on growing these plants has come directly from my own harvest. This book is a practical guide to growing Marijuana. There is little theory – just straight information about the practical growing of these plants and the associated challenges of developing a healthy crop.
Enjoy and share with friends your freedom to grow and use Marijuana.
The first step to growing Marijuana requires understanding the types. The different plants and their associated hybrids can be used to address separate bodily and mental symptoms. Later in this chapter, I’ll discuss the major features of plant anatomy so that you are aware of Marijuana terminology.
Types of Marijuana
There are three main strains of naturally growing Marijuana plants, Sativa, Indica and Ruderalis.
Sativa – grows tall and thin, some strains can grow as tall as 25 ft. This Marijuana plant has less chlorophyll. This lack of chlorophyll creates a plant that grows and matures more slowly as well as requiring more light. This strain comes from Colombia, Mexico, Thailand and Southeast Asia. Once flowering has begun, Sativa plant can take from 10 to 16 weeks to fully mature. Flavors range from earthy to sweet and fruity. The high of a Sativa is cerebral, up and energetic; it’s more of a “head buzz” like a good glass of wine. Example of a Sativa leaf is shown in the next picture. Notice the long, light green thinner leaves.
Indica – Most species of Indica have a short stature (3 to 4ft.), an early maturation and a bushier look to them. They also have more chlorophyll and less of the pigment that helps to protect the plants from too much sun. Indica originally comes from the hash producing countries of the world like Afghanistan, Morocco and Tibet. The smoke from an Indica is generally a body type high, relaxing and laid back. In general the Indica plants takes about 8 to 10 weeks to mature once flowering has initiated. Example of a typical Indica leaf is shown next.
As a note, later I’ll show you how to enhance your Marijuana yield by ‘mainlining’ the plants which will keep them to less than 4 to 5ft tall, ideal for deck or balcony in discreet locations.
The following picture shows a good representation of the different plants and the different leaf types between pure Sativa and Indica plants.
Ruderalis – is a wild variety of Marijuana that originates from Russia. The plants are short and grow to about 2ft tall. Compared to other varieties of cannabis, the leaves of Ruderalis plants are smaller and fewer in number. This Marijuana type is less popular for medical and recreational use though it contains the same amount of cannabinoids as Sativa and Indica; however the psychoactive compound is significantly lower and so it is in much less demand yet it can grow in poor soil conditions. Ruderalis is generally used for its hemp properties. The next picture gives a good visual comparison of the three types of Marijuana leaf.
Focusing on the two main strains that you are likely to grow, the following image shows a simple representation of the two major types of Marijuana as well as a summary of the effects these types have on the human body.
In reality the two main types of Marijuana have been highly cross-bred for both medicinal and recreational use. Leaf distinction becomes much less obvious. An example of a hybrid plant that has 50:50 Sativa Indica is shown next. The look is similar to Indica but the leaves are slightly longer!
These hybrids vary in growth depending on the ratio of Sativa (slower growing) and Indica (faster growing) types.
These two types of plants can produce, male only plants, female only plants or a mix of male pollen pods and female flowers. The mix of male and female on one plant is frequently described as hermaphrodites. For the most part it is desirable to have male only plants for pollen – to create seeds from the female plants for the next season – and unfertilized female plants to produce the desired yield of cannabinoids that offer medical and recreational benefits.
Feminized seeds, seeds that are genetically modified to produce mainly female plants, are the best kind for producing quality Marijuana product for human consumption and for producing reliable female clones. I highly recommend that you purchase only the feminized seeds, they cost more but are 95% guaranteed to produce female only plants. To illustrate why, all the feminized seeds I purchased produced female plants, of the non-feminized seeds more than 50% turned into male plants which were discarded. Growing the plants and finding out later in their vegetative state that they are males wastes both money and effort, so just purchase the feminized seeds - it saves you in the long term. The downside is that you will need to replenish the seeds yearly. However, it is possible to force a female plant to produce feminized seeds using colloidal silver. I'll show you exactly how to use this approach to produce feminized seeds in the next chapter.
To wrap up this chapter it is important to appreciate the plant anatomy, male and female, and the four main stages of the female Marijuana growth or life cycle. The final or fifth stage is harvesting. First we’ll tackle the lifecycle.
Marijuana Cycle Summary:
Refer to the following diagram. The schematic represents the major aspects of the growing and storage cycle. Note; it is important to recognize the male and female Marijuana plants. The male plants produce pollen and if the female plants are pollinated they produce seeds not the Marijuana rich buds. I will write more on this later!
Stage1: Marijuana seed germination
The white tail or embryonic root appears and begins to grow downwards once clear of the seed shell. The first tiny oval leaves (cotyledons) unfold. This process takes about three to ten days
Stage2: Marijuana seedlings
The second pair of leaves appear opposite each other and each one usually has a single blade-like leaf which differs from the embryonic leaf by its larger size, spearhead shape, and serrated edges. Within a few days the next pair of leaves appear. Usually each leaf has three blades and again is larger than the previous pair. A basic pattern has been set. Each new set of leaves will be larger, with a higher number of blades per leaf until, the number is reached, often nine to eleven (depending on variety). The seedling stage is completed within four to six weeks.
Stage3: Marijuana Vegetative state
Now begins the Marijuana active growth. Its growth is dependent upon light (not heat, so long as ground temperature is above 55°F (13°C)), the number of leaves and the quality of the soil. It’s not unheard of that plants grow up to six inches a day, but commonly it is about one to two inches. The vegetative stage is usually completed in two to four months.
Stage4: Flowering and maturing (photoperiod)
The most important aspect to understand is the effect of light on the growing Marijuana plant. While the day length is long the plant remains in its growing vegetative state. However as the days shorten the plant senses the onset of winter and begins the reproductive cycle, that is growth ends and flowering begins. The onset of flowering in general requires two weeks of longer nights before the first flower appears. So whichever part of the hemisphere you inhabit, the plant will flower at different times depending on when the longest day is recorded. For the northern hemisphere June 21st is the longest day, after which the nights begin to get longer.
Stage5: – Harvesting and Storage
The final stage, which is not part of the plant life cycle, involves knowing when to pick the buds and how to store your Marijuana to maintain maximum freshness. Once harvested, the branches should hang for three to five days.
In this book I will go through each stage in detail showing you step by step how to manage the plants using pictures that I recorded for each stage of the plant lifecycle.
Marijuana Timeline of Growth, Summary
The timelines are for the pure strains and are to be used as a guideline; the times are not hard and fast. The hybrids will be somewhere between these periods depending on the Sativa to Indica ratio.
The subsequent graphs show the average upper and lower cumulative growth cycles of the Indica and Sativa plants. Remember hybrids will vary between these two types.
Note; the growth cycles of both plants have a similar profile, the Sativa plants simply take longer to mature.
Marijuana Plant Anatomy
Now that you understand the different types of Marijuana it is useful to understand the ‘lingo’ used in describing parts of the plant. The following diagram shows the major components of the plant. On the left of the diagram there are three parts that for the most part are self-explanatory. The stem which supplies nutrients to the fan leaves which in turn captures the suns energy (photosynthesis) and the nodes are the site for the new plant growth. The more interesting parts of the plant are the cola, the calyx, the pistil, the stigma and lastly the trichome.
The cola is the bud site where female flowers bloom. The main cola forms at the top of the plant with smaller colas appearing on the other budding sites. Different growing techniques e.g. topping can increase the number of branches from the main stem and thus increase the number of top colas.
The calyx, a tear shaped structure, is the protective layer of the female flower in which its reproductive organs are protected (the bud itself). The calyx contains a high concentration of trichomes on its surface which secretes THCa and other cannabinoids.
The pistil comprises the stigma, style and plant ovaries, it is the mechanism for the pollen to fertilize the female plant. The stigma situated at the end of the flower collects the pollen and the style is the long white shaft supporting the stigma as shown. However in the world of Cannabis growers, the term pistil refers to the stigma and style. The pistils appear initially as tiny white hairs that extend outwards. As the plant ages the pistils change color. They start out white then change to red-orange and finally brown as the plant ages. As mentioned before they are mainly pollen collectors and as far as we know bring little to the flower’s cannabinoid potency.
On the other hand the trichomes are mushroom shaped glands that ooze aromatic oils called terpenes (including cannabinoids). This is where the THCa and other cannabinoids collect in concentration. The trichome’s purpose is to protect the plant against predators and the elements.
The next diagram gives a more in-depth look at the pistil and calyx at various stages in its flowering state. I’ll explain more of this later in the book.
The uses of Marijuana plants are many. The following chart shows Marijuana has many uses from health benefits to food and from textiles to building materials. So look carefully at the plants you grow and decide if you can use more than just the buds!
There are two opposing camps on Marijuana, Marijuana is a either a gateway drug to other drugs and is harmful to the body or it is a wonder drug and prevents most human ailments by maintaining body and brain homeostasis (well-being). The truth is somewhere between the two. However medical evidence is causing the shift in the perception of Marijuana towards the wonder drug with less side effects. So in this chapter, I simply lay out the pros and cons without my own personal view. You should read the evidence and make up your own mind on the subject. But first a few facts about how Marijuana (cannabis) is understood to affect the body.
How Marijuana interacts with the body
Marijuana, or rather its the ingredients, called cannabinoids affect the human body. Cannabinoids are a group of chemicals that interact with the human endocannabinoid system by combining with the CB1 and CB2 body receptors. The endocannabinoid system maintains body homeostasis to preserve the body’s healthy state. In essence it does this by regulating the internal homeostasis at the cellular level and importantly is a bridge between the body and mind’s perception of external influence. The psychcotropic aspects of Marijuana provides the external influence. It has been observed that socially, the use of cannabinoids alters human behavior or perhaps perception, by promoting sharing, humor, creativity and learning. CB receptors are the mechanism by which this is established.
CB1 receptors are located in the brain and central nervous system whereas the CB2 receptors are located throughout the body mainly in the immune system and peripheral organs. CB1 contributes to mental health and CB2 is associated with body well-being.
There are over 400 identified compounds within Marijuana but six currently are known to provide benefit to the body and brain.
• THC – tetrahydrocannabinol
• THCa – tetrahydrocannabinolic acid
• CBD – cannabidiol
• CBN – cannabinol
• CBC – cannabichromene
• CBG – cannabigerol
THC or terahydrocannabinol is the cannabinoid that is psychoactive and affects behaviors by interacting with the CB1 brain based receptors.
THCa is the compound that creates THC when heated. It does not have any physchoactivity but when the leaves and early buds of the Marijuana are freshly juiced, the resulting extract is supposedly anti-carcinogenic as well as anti-seizure.
CBN, Cannabinol is a by-product of THC and it causes drowsiness and muscle relaxation. It interacts with the CB2 class receptors.
CBD is not psychoactive, studies have shown it to have positive effects on inflammation, anxiety, nausea, blood pressure and has pain killing properties. CBD does not interact much with the class CB1 and CB2 receptors but it stimulates the body to produce its natural cannabinoid.
CBC is mostly found in the hemp of the Marijuana plant. It interacts with the CB1 and CB2 receptors, helping the body to fight migraines and some cancers.
CBG is responsible for Marijuana’s medical benefits as recently discovered by researchers. It is also supposed to have anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties. This compound is not physcotropic.
THC and CBD are the two most common compounds in the Marijuana plant (Sativa and Indica); THC is highly psychotropic and the CBD has pain killing properties as mentioned previously. Sativa dominant strains are higher in THC while Indica strains have a higher CBD. Combining the Sativa and Indica strains to create hybrids enables Marijuana to be tailored to specific medical and recreational needs. If you seek more relaxing aspects of Marijuana with a gentle head buzz then go for a higher concentration of Indica, if you’re looking for a more mental relaxant then go for a higher concentration of Sativa.
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Growing Cannabis, also known as Marijuana a term coined by the American Hispanics back in 1900s is a great natural supplement to enhance everyday life. Marijuana is a vegetable that grows easily outside to provide an impressive crop of buds that can be transformed into cannabinoids that promote our well-being or homeostasis as we age. It is called 'weed' for a reason—because it grows just about anywhere, like a weed. That being said, there are two key aspects to growing Cannabis that everyone needs to understand; firstly it is still illegal in many countries and secondly cannabis is a flowering plant, meaning it bears fruit only once a year. Marijuana is a natural substance that complements well-being through our own body's natural endocannabinoid system. Unknown too many, the endocannabinoid system produces cannabinoid compounds that regulate both mental and body well-being. As we age the endocannabinoid system slows resulting in poorer body pain management (joint and muscle) and mental ailments like depression. Using Marijuana as a supplement can provide the body with the needed endocannabinoid enzymes to bolster our feeling of well-being through the natural intake of cannabinoids. Strains of Marijuana have been developed that focuses more on reducing pain giving a feeling of body well-being without the mental 'highs'. This analgesic effect of Cannabis can and does play a role in making our own bodies more comfortable to live in by removing pain without the addictive side effects of the many popular pharmaceutical pain relievers. This book delivers a simple step by step approach in growing, harvesting and storing of Cannabis with simple recipes to create cannabis oil, butter and tinctures that can be simply added to recipes for making chocolate to gummy bears and more. Growing marijuana is easy, probably one of the easiest vegetables to grow and clone. Growing large healthy cannabis plants in 5 gallon pots will provide you enough Marijuana to use in many recipes that you'll have plenty stress relieving recipes for months even years.