Facts About Fiction


Author’s Diction~Vipin Behari Goyal

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Preface to Facts About Fiction

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any electronic or mechanical means, including information storage and retrieval systems, without permission in writing from the publisher, except bya reviewer who may quote brief passages in a review

Vipin Behari Goyal is an Indian author having distinct style of writing. His love for books makes him an avid reader as well as a prolific writer. His debut English novel “Tall man small shadow” based on existentialism was published in July 2013. His novels “Maya in search of Tantric father” and “The old man and the nymph” are also published in paperback. He has also dabbled in documentary film making and is the maker of award-winning short film “Mines are Mine”. He is indie publisher of his eBooks “Burn me naked”, “Apsara”, “Untouchable’s Daughter” and “Empty Cocoon”. He is presently practicing Law after retirement as Financial Advisor.   

This book is a compilation of one hundred essays published at my Blog “Author’s Diction”. The essays are about my perception of World Literature, written objectively by first finding a neutral territory to stand and then perceive the truth in its totality. If you differ, the lack of is mine.

The journey began in June 2013, after self-publishing my few novels I was promoting my books as Salesman. During the journey the first epiphany was that I am not a good salesman. I am supposed to write for my own sake only. It was good revelation, since it made my journey comfortable.

I believed in the theories and -isms, but during the course of the journey I reached to the conclusion that the literature is only 'a tale of the joys and sorrows' and this paradigm shift helped me grow as a writer.

I am thankful to my family, friends and teachers who supported me in this endeavor.

Jodhpur                                                               Vipin Behari Goyal

19 March 2016                                                                         Author

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Echo Of Silence

Learn to Hear The Voice of Silence

The Other I 

Solitude and silence are the virtues created by freedom of choice, since both could be either ‘Outer’ or ‘Inner’. They are the great source of creativity. Silence endowed with the quality of echo, is superior. It is the voice of your consolidated Karma of this and all your past births. It talks only after thick trust of intimacy. It connects you to the stream of consciousness formatted by impressions of all previous births. Every person is a product of all decisions taken, but also all decisions that he did not take when choices was there. Indecision is no decision, just as having no principle is not a principle. The situations were resolved by the notion of right and wrong or good and evil. What is universally accepted is not necessarily a truth or reality. In a settlement of addicts, you cannot talk sense, lest you will be labeled as insane. If you fancy -isms and ideologies you are an addict, you first have to go for a cure and what could be better medicine than silence and solitude.

The prism of the -ism dissects the ray of light which is truth. Truth in its absolute form is indivisible. So all -isms and ideologies are only contemporary truth that could prove wrong with the passage of time. The time-tested literature becomes immortal. The classification of genre is only a convenience; truth has no servitude to the finity. Nor is it revealed by an explosion or after a blind turn. Truth is veiled by a translucent silk curtain that you were always afraid to touch. Curiosity makes you anxious but does not infuse dare. By a sudden stroke of luck, by a minor incident, by a blow of air or a wave in the ocean the curtain is removed and the truth is exposed to you. It is a surprise that you were not shocked, but felt blissful. The Christ has arrived, the Krishna is born, and the Prophet Muhammad has heard Gabriel. The writer starts his walk, on such a long journey.

Ordinary becomes extraordinary for a writer. Truth is revealed to him by an ordinary incidence, so he explores the phenomenon of simple and ordinary things. He can identify that pattern of ideas, thoughts and actions that reveal in certain emotions. The characters created by an enlightened writer are either Whole or Fragmented. They could never be classified as round and flat or type and individual. A character could be whole in the eyes of Humanism while Fragmented when seen from the eyes of Realism. The ‘Whole’ existence would create trouble in the mind of existentialist, who has already split the theory so many times that by any further split in the theory, it would lose its existence.

The ‘I’ is in perpetual Love-Hate relationship with the ‘Other I’. When I is silent the Other I speaks and it is thus an ‘Echo of Silence’. The Other ‘I’ is a fanatic pursuer of truth. The simple language sounds satirical when it has an element of truth. The Other I fill the void created by the existence of I. The ‘Other I’ is irrational, no logic can convince him, if he decides to go follow the dictum of his heart. Permit him that Space and see how he transcendences the boundary of Time, and brings timeless jewel for you from the womb of the Unborn.

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Write to fill the void


Society is Python : Pixabay

The world is not rational. Everything happening around us cannot be explained logically. Humanism cannot be achieved by being a rational thinking man. The sufferings caused by poverty are illogical. The humanities are leisure, economics is survival. States are pawns in the hands of capitalist and make no efforts to fill the gap. Art and literature can fill the gap for bourgeois only. The upper and lower remain unaffected. Bourgeois to perpetuate intellectualism and elitism, which is characteristic of bourgeois class, create literature. If we know this fact we can set our emotions free and let the imagination go wild to bring the farfetched jewels hidden in the treasure of mysticism. Mysticism is an acknowledgement of the relationship between microcosm and macrocosm. The relationship has many dimensions and is unique to all individuals. No single theory can explain it. Nature works as catalyst and intermediary for the transience of microcosm. Nature is the key to understand both the forms of existence, gross and subtle. The art of observation is a skill. Dedication, humility and patience are required to acquire this skill. Once you understand that you do not ‘merely exists’ in this purposeless world, but your existence itself is the purpose of the world, creativity starts flowing. The flow begins consciously and reaches to unconsciousness. It is like dark matter, weakly interacting particles become high-energy randomly moving particles. It is a Big Bang of your sole existence. How much energy you can utilize for creativity is subjective.

You can utilize infinitely if you have a totally unconditioned mind. It is a very unachievable status. The bias and prejudices know many secret hidings in the mind and when we chase them one after another, they change their form and shapes and masquerade as identifiable but not distinguishable. At that level the distinction in friends and foes is obscure. Obscurity is a hindrance in the path of learning and elimination is many a times only an illusion. The clarity in perception in its purity is unexplainable. The language has its limitation. You cannot be perfect, but more near to truth, if you have better command of language. The palatability of your perception and its expression is not in stating that a spade is spade, but calling it by any other name than a spade and still your reader would know that you are talking about a spade. This is not possible with tamed imagination. The insistent pressures have disabled the natural function of the spring that leads to wilder imagination. To let loose, remove the pressures, one of which is very significant, the artificial way of life. It has become so integrated with the life that it appears to be a natural part of life. Useless things are making life complicated and have become indispensable. The whole process is cumbersome, but the results are beautiful. As an individual, as well as part of the universe that gives meaning to meaning to your life.At a point of time you surpass, the desire to be acknowledged and recognised for your contribution in the making of this world as a better place.

Never waste your efforts to wake up someone who is pretending to be asleep. Society is that python. It scares, even though it has no poison. Complacent and condescend. They like to be respected for their size and nuisance value. To ignore is disrespect. Neutrality is enmity. It needs a sugar coated prescription. Camouflaging is not cheating. Self-preservation is a creative art. If your concerns are genuine, you will find a way to hit the nail. Do not over do it. Just enough, to hold the things together. Do not exaggerate to make your point. Days of ridicule and satire are over. Didactic and reformative is hated more than the sinners are. The path is arduous but filling the void was never a smooth sailing.

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Facts about Fiction

The Art of Futuristic Novels

Realism has brought fiction to the solid ground and the impressionist and the symbolist movement gave shape to contemporary realism. The distinct Forms of Art viz.  Lyrical, the Epic and the Dramatic have crossed the boundaries of its watertight compartment. Writers feel more free to experiment with form, theme, setting, structure and characterization day by day.

Many experiments done at regional level in regional languages by regional authors are of great magnitude but are unexplored by literary giants. The traditional publishers have become more shy day by day. They shun beginners like untouchables. They say that they receive manuscripts every day in the quantity of truckloads. (I was surprised to hear the same dialogue from three different traditional publishers during the World Book Fair, New Delhi). It makes one happy that at least so much literature is being created everyday. At the same time, it is sure that most of it does not see the light of the day. After rejection from traditional publishers, the authors half-heartedly approach to vanity publishers and self-publishers who have different packages designed to cater to the needs of enthusiastic budding writers.

Writers who are floating in the market successfully are tied with life belts. Not every author is able to afford even the lowest package of these publishers. The vanity publishers have adopted the same channel like submission of script and signing a contract, which is a Xerox copy of the contract of traditional publishers. Such authors finally publish an eBook on KDP, which provides free service of publishing an eBook. Many authors are not convergent with procedure and even pay to publishers for publishing an eBook on KDP. May be every author should have his own publishing house, for all services pertaining to publishing a book like printing, typesetting, editing, vendors for online supply are available on job basis. Hire a marketing agency if you do not want to market it yourself.

This whole procedure is the dirty business, a nasty side of the best art of the world – Writing. So let us focus on the best part of it ie. creating a literary masterpiece to the best of our abilities. Like Tulsidas writer should write for his own satisfaction and not for immortality, popularity, fame or money. Nor for invoking any kind of kinetic or static appreciations from readers. A boat in the river may aspire a writer to paint the scene in words, writing about the reflection of the boat in the water would be more important than writing about boat itself. The coax might be a type or an individual. Can we see him as an archetype of all those sailors, mariners and shippers who struggled with untamable force of water element? Rather an archetype of all sufferers of the nature.

The mood of an ocean is close to the human psyche. You want to surf the waves or dive deep for pearls. Writers have a choice,none is superior to another. The main thing is to have microscopic observation and telescopic vision. If the writer has read sufficient literature of the world, the words would flow in the stream of consciousness or may be a stream of unconsciousness depending upon the depth the writer has reached.

It does not matter if your imagination has gone wild during the process of writing and the outcome is unbelievable. Imagination cannot create anything that is either not already happening or would not happen in future. The book Titanic was written one hundred years before the Titanic was actually made and the mishap occurred.

One of the most important tasks for a writer is universalizing of his emotions. “If you want your readers to cry, cry yourself first”.

Blank verse broke the age-old traditions of poetry writing and earned a respectful place in the arena of literature. Similarly, the model of novel writing that evolved through Chaucer, Henry Fielding and Richardson to D. H. Lawrence, James Joyce and Virginia Woolf is at the threshold of another new era.

Burn Me Naked is a paranormal fiction free from many traditional devices of form and setting. The story is not divided into chapters and setting of places are overlooked to impress universality. Few quotes on Burn were selected randomly and a story was woven around those quotes. The quotes are from different countries, writers, politicians, to show how collective unconsciousness can formulate an extraordinary story.   p. Other Related Posts

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A Passage To India By E.M.Forster

A Passage To India By E. M. Forster is a tale of two British ladies who came to India to understand real India and Indians. Like all other Europeans and most of the Westerners they are disappointed, discarded and miserably fail in their mission to the extent that one of them Mrs. Moore is older and less tolerant to cultural shock dies during her return journey. The delineation in the many [aspects of the novel *]such as theme and narration is amazing[.] The use of motif, allusion and symbol is so strong that what is left after going through novel “what remains is much more than a cluster of impressions, some clear points emerging from a mist of uncertainties” as envisaged by *Percy Lubbock in his book “The Craft of Fiction”.

The turning point is in the cave visit by a group of friends. G. L. Dickinson had asked a very pertinent question to E.M.Forster.

“What did happen in the caves?”

It is same as when someone asked Samuel Beckett “Who is Godot?” He said I would have told it in my book, had I known it. It puts a question mark to the omniscience of the author. Sometimes Author can be as innocent as his readers. Forster himself did not knew what happened in the cave. His guess would be as wild as that of his readers. The speculation leads to debate, and obscure often leads to self-realisation which is the ultimate object of the author. When Buddha said “Be your own light”, meant that I have searched some universal Golden Truth, but you will have to search your own truth for salvation. What is the use of writing a book, if it does not help readers to understand the life better?

The visit to the caves starts with a train journey to Marabar Hills, where the caves were located. The train journey in India is an experience in itself. When Gandhi returned from London after his degree in Law, his political Guru, Gokhle advised him to travel the length and breadth of India by train. The rattling noise made by train has a rhythm and rhyme which soon synchronises with torrents of thoughts that come to surface of sub-conscious mind. The sound is catalyst to the train of your thoughts. It simply reinforces your positive or negative thoughts. Both the British ladies felt a listlessness, monotony due to vague, desolated panorama around them.

Mrs. Moore was tired and had no enthusiasm to participate in matrimonial plans of her would be daughter in law, Adela Quest. Adela  was bored and skeptical about her future with Ronnie in India. She was worried that all Anglo-Indian ended up hating Indians after a year. Her husband already had a low opinion about Indians. So far she had seen nothing that would determine the inferiority of Indians. She was advised to keep a distance and never mix up with them. Ronnie was annoyed when she was left alone by Fielding with an Indian after a tea party. She was also introspecting over her prospective relationship with Ronnie.

India has some of the oldest rock formations. Forster travelled India twice in 1912 and 1921. He was impressed by its ancient wisdom. The rocks are the oldest dwelling structures in human civilisation. They are hollow cavities in the mountains. The huge grey elephant and the mountains have an impression of the magnanimity of the nature and the smallness of man. The void of a cave symbolises the void in human life. The huge inflated ego of man have like the mountains have caves that are void, hollow and empty.The void which is offended by any kind of intrusion. The nothingness of eternity is conquerable by silence and solitude. Both the ladies who were skeptical and contemptuous about their surroundings had a terrible experience. The intensity of  the shock is directly proportional to the intensity of repulsion.

The hallucination starts with certain Echoes. The various sounds created in the caves since troglodyte inhabited them had no escape and the resonance caused is usually the echo of the voice of soul. All the sounds merge into the ultimate and the first sound of universe “Aum”. This sound is a combination of three Sanskrit alphabets that represent the Sun, the Moon and Fire. Everything- even nothingness, is transient in nature. This transient nature of her own microcosm hits Mrs. Moore like a thud in a physical form. Every relationship culminates in nullity.

It is immaterial if Adela was raped by Aziz or not. Did she made up the story to attract the attention of people? Was it her tantrum to get rid of her fiancé? Was she prejudiced to the masculinity of Muslim and was disappointed by dispassionate approaches of her fiancé?

The answer is left to the reader to guess. What happened afterwards is unimportant.

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Philosophical Poems The Stolen Boat By William Wordsworth

When The Majestic Becomes The Monstrous

The stolen melons are the sweetest, stolen apples taste the best. The poet has reminiscences of adolescent age when he stole a boat for a ride. The poet in the very first line says that he was ‘led by her’ to the place where the boat was moored. The nature (or her) steered him to steal the boat. The pleasure is not absolute, but a ‘troubled pleasure’ that pricks his conscience even after he has retrieved the boat at its former place. So the aftermath of the ‘stolen’ thing is a haunted conscience that troubles the thief for a long time. It may trouble lifelong depending upon the severity of crime, mental condition when the ‘crime’ was committed and the sensitivity of the person to react to a situation.

During the adolescent age mind is experimenting and experiencing many new things. It has more attraction towards things forbidden by society. Stealing is not necessarily for permanent possession or consumption of a thing. The boat was stolen for a ride and was to be moored in the same place once the adventure of the journey was over. The innocence in stealing makes the poem attractive. The magnitude of the crime is trifle and readers are full of sympathy for pious thief.

The poem is a confirmation of the age old saying ’guilty conscience pricks the mind’. The guilt may supersede the magnitude of the offense. The monster is within us. The daring is not in confrontation, but in hurried escapism to save the psyche from some irreversible damage. The poet decides to turn back with ‘trembling oars’. Things appear beautiful from a distance, when we go closure the ugly side is revealed. Sometime the revelation is so all of a sudden that a person is taken aback with a shock of the unexpected. The unreconciled psyche sends a danger signal and ‘defense mechanism’ insist on avoiding the cause of trouble.
p. All craggy hills have hidden monsters. If the boat was not a stolen one, the boy could have enjoyed the lofty and majestic hills, the shades of colour bathed in moonlight, the silence and solitude. The journey in a stolen boat started with a beautiful scenery of ‘small circles glittering idly’, ‘elfin pinnace’, ‘silent lake’, ‘like a swan’ are some beautiful perceptions of untroubled mind. The mind is mesmerised, and has obliterated the moral coaching done by society. The ‘natural’ seems to have won over the ‘artificial’. Society is appalled by pleasure of an individual and it always strikes with a greater force. The majestic becomes monstrous due to change in perception. The means become more important than the end. Poet surrenders his inner ‘Self ‘ which is molded by outer forces. He is compelled to retreat. Even the retreat is not graceful as the ‘way back’ to ‘covert of the willow tree’ also appears ‘stolen way’. The poet is now ‘in grave and serious mood’. The ‘familiar shapes’ become scary and pleasant images of trees, sea, sky, green fields and majestic mountains are vanished. Now a ‘grim shape’ that keeps on ‘growing stature’ stands between him and stars symbolic of ‘material self’ and ‘pure self’. Every experience teaches a lesson. The poet gets a peep into ‘unknown modes of being’ a ‘darkness’, ‘solitude’ or ‘blank desertion’. Those parts of his existence were hidden somewhere in depth, hitherto.

Travelling at sea was never a smooth sailing for mankind. Even the veterans had many kinds of illusion and hallucination in the calm of the sea during a voyage. The adolescent mind of the poet is quite imaginative. An ‘optical illusion’ is easily transformed into ‘fear of unknown’ which is an integral part of the human psyche. Society exploits this fear to frame the structure and framework of institutions.

© Vipin Behari Goyal

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Miseries of Modern Man as depicted by Harold Pinter in the play The Caretaker

Why Absurd is Meaningful?

Definition of modern man: Modern Man is indefinable. He is bunch of certain capabilities which are flexible and one is frequently replaced by another when caught in the whirlpool of flux of society.

1. Any man is a Modern man if he is capable of dropping the Hydrogen Bomb and Atom Bomb on innocent people without any shame or guilt. While doing the act he thinks that he is playing God.

2. Any man who is buying land on the Moon and Mars is a Modern Man.

3. Modern Man thinks that once he was Ape Man and in the future one day he would be Super Man, only he has to grasp more than he can hold. He believes in the Theory of Evolution.

4. Modern Man believes in his Negative Capability. He has infinite strength to face uncertainty. The world is not a closed rational system, the erratic and eccentric stand a better chance of understanding the world than a rational man.

5. Modern Man is proud of agnosticism, commercialisation, technology, anything that widens the gap between rich and poor.

Modern Man has three faces- Mike, Aston and Davies in The Caretaker by Harold Pinter. Mike and Aston are brothers and Davies is a tramp. All of them are directionless. In the play Shoes have been used symbolically. They are symbolic of the right path, action and destination, which all the three are utterly lacking. Despite being aimless they are ready to lend shoes and thus show path to others without caring for its appropriateness.

All the three suffer from isolation. At the beginning of Act I Mike is alone on the stage and at the end of play Davies stands alone on the stage. Mike rejects the audience and walks away after thirty seconds without uttering a single word. He attracts the attention of the audience at the garbage scattered in the room. Davies stands alone rejected by both, the brothers as well as the audience. The means of communication have decreased the capacity of Modern Man for genuine communication. Fear of rejection is due to lack of genuine communication.

All the three are opportunist and leave no chance to take advantage of each other. Aston has not brought Davies home out of charity. He wants to use him as an assistant and take his help in constructing a shed in the backyard of the house which is his long awaited dream. He collected Davies as he collects all other junk with the objective of putting them to use someday. Davies after realising that Mike is the owner of the house plays tricks to separate brothers. Mike is using his imbecile elder brother as caretaker.

Since society is always undergoing a transformation and time has lost its sanctity as Past, Present and Future, Modern Man feels loss of identity. All the three characters are insecure due to loss of identity. They either do not have any past history or they were oblivious of it. Mike was declared as mental patients and electric shocks were given to him whenever he tried to talk sensibly. He suffered from erratic memory lapses and lost his identity as a complete rational man. Davies confesses that original papers establishing his true identity are at Sidcup for the last seven years and he is living with a false name-Bernard Jenkins. Papers have become the only source of identity of Modern Man. The true identity of real self has lost the meaning.

Mike is mysterious and no one knows where he lives and what does he do?

Modern Man is a great planner and same is true for all the three characters. Mike is planning to renovate the house, Aston is planning to construct a shade in the backyard and Davies is planning to collect his papers from Sidcup. All are waiting for appropiate time, which never comes.

All the three characters are Biblical. Davies is Dionysus or the wandering Jew, Mick is dark angel and Ashton is bright angel as well as Christ himself as carpenter trying to build a church. Expulsion of Davies is also allegorical to the expulsion of Adam from Garden of Eden.

All the three have invisible parents, which shows that parents have become aliens for Modern Man. Beside this all the three suffer from racial hatred, fear of rejection, distrust, hallucinations, confinement, distorted values, sexual perversions(exchange of notes between Aston and Davies) and ennui which is the hallmark of Modern Life. The birth of new theories like Absurdism, Cynicism, Skepticism Nihilism and atheistic existentialism is consequential.  

In the end Mick hurls the Buddha statute against the gas stove and it breaks. This is highly symbolic. Buddha is a symbol of peace and compassion. The broken statute is symbolic that the option of peace is now obsolete. All the compassion which both the brothers demonstrated for Davies is also lost. It also symbolises that iconoclastic faith prevails in aimless and purposeless life.

Mike passionately outbursts ‘’ I got to think about expanding…in all directions. I don’t stand still. I am moving about ,all the time. I am moving…all the time. I have got to think about future…”.

That’s the damnable misery of it

Just an absurd thought:

Wriggle if you cannot walk: Walk if you cannot run ~Vipin Behari Goyal


1.Thomas Nagel: Mortal Questions, 1991. ISBN 0-521-40676-5

2. [_ Barrett, William (1977). Irrational Man: A Study in Existential Philosophy. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-8371-9671-X. _]

[_ 3.Esslin, Martin (1961). The Theatre of the Absurd. OCLC 329986 _]

4.Great moments in the theater By Benedict Nightingale

262 pages. Oberon Books

© Vipin Behari Goyal

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Literature Fails to Provide Solution


Racism is like a Problem-Play of literary genre. It has been fully exposed with all its evils, but it does not provide any solution for it. It seems that neither the authors are serious in finding solution nor the readers are eager to read literature based on. The books written by intellectual blacks who have suffered and wrote semi autobiographical novels are good for academic courses and discourses but even voracious readers have not heard about them or are not interested in reading them. Many such books fall in the much overlooked genre of Post-Colonial literature.

Only exception is “To Kill A Mocking Bird” by Harper Lee which is still classified as an all time bestseller and must-read book. She died on 19 Feb 2016 at the age 89. Two recent incidents are enough to ponder how deep this evil has penetrated in the psyche of society. In India a Tanzanian girl was molested, beaten and almost stripped by mob when she tried to save her Sudanian friend from mob in Bengaluru. Displacement of Hatred by colour of skin is not uncommon all over the World. Law is taken in hand and mob passes its verdict without trial, in a country which is the largest democracy of the world. The girl tries to board a city bus to escape but she is denied entry. She unsuccessfully tries to cover her body with her hands and looks at the mob with pleading eyes. The whole scenario is horribly barbaric. A cruel dance of savagery in one of the most educated, technically advance cities of India, proudly known as the “Silicon Valley of India”. Do they have the heart of silicon as well? The second incident took place in Canada. The Defense Minister of Canada is a Sikh. He was objected while delivering speech in parliament by an opposition member demanding “English To English” translation. It is a mean kind of racism that has percolated in the veins of society. No one is ashamed, only politicians give statements in media to enhance their international anti-racist image. p. pixabay

Derek Walcott in his poem says “You in the castle of your skin, I among the swineherd”. George Lamming has used this quotation after little alteration in his book “In the Castle of My Skin”. Many interesting episodes have been narrated to establish the point. The Inspector visits the primary school on Empire Day. He addresses Barbados as “Little England”, the boys sing “God save the king”, and pennies are distributed.

Those Black who rise up in the society by imitating White, also start exploiting other Blacks who are slaves or slave-like, indentured servants.”White” rationalised that they are spreading the light of religion and civilisation. Rudyard Kipling ’s “The White Man’s Burden is best known example of this idea. While returning from the beach protagonist and his friends hide in a bush to watch a party at landlord Creighton’s palace. His daughter was making love with a Marine Captain and was disturbed by boys. Later she accused that some native boys tried to take her virtue and everyone believed her. The boys opined “The English are fond of shadows. They never do anything in open.”The duality in the youth of Barbados as individual “I” and “Also I “ can be explained by Carl Jung’s Theory of Collective Unconsciousness’. The duality of oppressor and oppressed is illusory.

As the Supervisor in the above story is set as “Black against Black”, similarly “White against White” in “The Tree of Man” by Patrick White, and “White against Brown” in “No New Land” by M. G.Vassanji are other examples of serious literature is trying to draw the attention of the world towards the severity of the problem, though none of it suggests any remedy.

© Vipin Behari Goyal

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Stream of Collective Unconsciousness

An Effort to Correlate William James and Carl Jung

Carl Gustav Jung and William James

Modern Man is Superman. He is Ape-man in making in cyclic order or disorder. Learning and unlearning are also cyclic and at times it is could be arduous to decide which one is more difficult. The stream of consciousness does not decide the thought process without an evocation. Politics is an integral part of poetry. The conflict is observed and absorbed, but not necessarily resolved. Perception itself is a resolution. Form is an embellishment. Naked truth is not a beauty, only embellished truth is capable of creating the illusion which is loved by egocentric psychopaths.

The alley is full of rats and cockroaches. Some of them are metamorphosed. They seek inspiration from unknown, invisible pink unicorn. Terror and ugliness have the same repercussions on egalitarians, humanist and even feminist. It attacks on the shadow the existence of which is always deniable. The denied existence culminates into the collectiveness. The Sun does not sink at horizon alone. It takes away the collective shadows and allows natural darkness to pervade.

The beauty of art is in the unconscious mind of the beholder. He has no option but to appreciate it. All ugliness when put together becomes a beautiful stream. The stream is transient, to hold it one should practice transience. Art is reflection of Ugly as Beauty. The weavers are forever doomed. If the mirror is broken Shallot would die, even without meeting her beloved.

Nothing is ordinary. Ordinary cannot exist. The existence itself is an evidence of extraordinary. Though it does not matter that existence is hollow, so far art of affectation is alive. This art is deeply seated in the collective unconscious of Human Archetypes, which was either in the past or will take birth in the future. In any case water is the house and wriggling is the fate. The shadow is resurrected with fire out of ambers. Extinguishers have eternal patience.

The gap between what we are and what we ought to be is filled with stinking garbage. To remain where you are is safest. Salvage is an imagination. It nourishes art. Meanwhile, create art out of garbage around you, and someday you may cross the impassable sea. It is possible  that you will be disappointed after reaching at the other end since the description of ‘ought to be’ is flexible.

Unlock the complex. It is only in your mind. Simplicity is the key. Vision is obscured by subjectivity. Search for your own answers, you will find they corroborates with universal answer, codified in a Sanskrit or Latin verse.


Dark shades of purple do not enchant a cat, especially the Black Cat. Her obsession for flash is her void. Nothing would ever fill it. Take the chance, but do not admire. Do not ride on her back, she has a tendency to jump from well to well.

All illuminated souls dwell together. The wisdom acquired by them percolates through seven heavens. Don’t be a Banyan, be a leaf of grass. The intensity of receptiveness is more important.

The elements never betray, but senses may. Huge monstrous waves do not teach the same lessons as ripples do. A gentle breath invigorates and a thunder tests your stamina.

(This is the gist of preface of my forthcoming book. Please do not quote without permission)

 ©  Vipin Behari Goyal

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Secret of Cosmos in Vedic Literature

Science and Religion: Workshop on Veda and Science


In English Literature we tend to differentiate in the countries where English is the native language or it is second or third language. In the long history of literature in India, five languages have remained the official language at different stages. 

1. Sanskrit- Up to Mughal invasion

2. Persian-Brought by Moghuls

3, Urdu – Based on Hindi, Arabic and Persian

4. English- During British regime

5. Hindi – written in Devanagari script having 13 dialects.

Sanskrit is the ancient language of India, and was lingua franca in Greater India. A broad definition of literature would consider all text is literature, whether written or oral.

Vedas are large bodies of text generated in ancient India. They are the oldest scriptures available to human civilization. There are four Vedas
p. 1. Rigveda

2. Yajurveda

3. Samaveda

4. Atharvaveda

In the end of the famous book “One hundred years of solitude” Gabriel Garcia Marquez said ““It was the history of the family, written by Melquiades, down to the most trivial details, one hundred years ahead of time. He had written it in Sanskrit…”. So it is just possible that Sanskrit was also popular in South America.

Actually, many theories support the argument that South America was Patala described in Hindu Mythology. The main argument in the support of the theory is that in a tunnel map the antipode of India is South America. It had seven regions based on the seven levels of evolution of psyche of human beings. According to a theory Ulupi the wife of Arjuna, was from South America (Patala). Apsara~Nina Bonita, a literary fiction based on Hindu Mythology has interesting details of it. p. In Vedic Science the interpretation of many scholars of Sanskrit and scientist and physicist working in NASA especially of Indian origin have reached to the conclusion that the Secrets of Cosmos were known to Indian Sages in Vedic Era.

Seminar Hall, Language Wing, JNV University Jodhpur
In a 5 days Seminar held by Department of Sanskrit, JNV University, Jodhpur which commenced from Jan. 18, 2016 many scholars of Sanskrit, Physicist, and Scientist of NASA, discussed various issues and some interpretations and assumptions were drawn on following lines:
p. 1. The static element that governs the dynamics of the cosmos, is beyond time and space. This is called consciousness.

2. Vajna is not only a ritual but a scientific process of transfer of energy. Soma is offered to Agni in whole cosmos. Like rainfall is Soma and ploughed land is source of Agni, which germinates seeds. Soma has downward movement like all liquids, and Agni has upward movement like gases. p. 3. Yajurveda describes three dimensions of existence, appearance, values and vision.

4. The science can answer How cosmos was created, but Veda answers Why it was created.

5. Consciousness in convertible in Energy. Pran is converted into matter. Science is observation of the behavior of nature. Technocrat interferes with nature. Jaan is acquiring knowledge of Whole, Vijyan is knowledge of Parts.

6. In Tao of Physics Fritjof Capra said Heinsberg while making Quantum Theory visited India and had long discussions with R. N. Tagore about Indian Philosophy in context with Quantum Theory. The knowledge that scientist obtain by Logic was obtained by the Sages through introspection.

7. Niels Bohr said  “We must be clear when it comes to atom, language can be used only as in Poetry”. Consciousness is beyond space and time.

8. The 9 forms of Goddess Durga represent nine types of Energy namely Potential Energy, Kinetic Energy, Sound Energy, Nuclear Energy, Magnetic Energy, Atomic Energy, Thermal Energy, Electrical Energy and Chemical Energy.

9.  References of Fermions and Bosons from Vedas were quoted. Six types of quarks Up, Down, Strange, Charm, Top and Bottom were identified and relevant verse connotes the particle theory in Vedas. Vedic seers when asked Which deity should we offer the worship? (kasme devay havisha vidhem~Sanskrit verse from Vedas), it was referring to the particle that is fundamental to all deities.

10. The concept of Hiranyagarbha (Golden Womb) was compared with the Big Bang Theory. It requires a lot of research to reach a final conclusion. The Multiverse has a Grand Design as per Hawking, but the object of its formation is yet to be determined. p. Other Related Post

© Vipin Behari Goyal Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2016/01/secret-of-cosmos-in-vedic-literature.html


Old Age in Literature

The Best is Yet To Come


The Old Age is one of the prime issues for Literature. How society provides necessities and comfort to older generation is the criterion of its evolution. The old age is embodiment of all types of physical and mental degeneration. The consumption of youth is old age and consumption of old age is death. The inevitability has an unexpectedness and epiphany in store.

The Time has arrived to change your old tattered coat and get a new one. The Master has already chosen a perfect design that would suit you best. He has already forgiven all your sins and Kingdom of Heaven is waiting for you.

Literature has deep connections with old age. Every great poet has written at least something about it. Every person has his own perception of old age. What is the age when a person can be called old?

Being a senior citizen is different from being an old man. How old is really old that everybody would agree is old. How does anybody matter if that person himself does not agree to it.

The NY Times has many views of its readers on this topic. The range is wide. Some believe that 30 is the onset of old age while others believe that 75 is a good age to be labeled as old. It seems that every person becomes old at different age. There are many external factors that determine the oldness of a person. How disciplined life you have lived? Were you moderate in your approach? Did you sin and never heard the voice of conscience? Have you earned the love and respect of your family and friends? p. Not only the factors that are in your hand, but also there are factors over which you had no control. Have you inherited a strong body? All those to whom you loved and cared are safe and healthy? Have you attended many funerals of your loved one younger to you?

Robert Browning in his poem Rabbi Ben Ezra said

Grow old along with me!

The best is yet to be,

The last of life for which the first was made:

In fact, all the thirty-two stanzas in this poem are full of wisdom to accept the old age and depart happily.

W. B. Yeats in his poem “Sailing to Byzantium” declares

There is no country for old men.

An aged man is but a paltry thing,

A tattered coat upon a stick,

W. B. Yeats in his poem “The Tower” cries

What shall I do with this absurdity

O heart, O troubled heart – This caricature,

Decrepit age that has been tied to me

As to a dog’s tail.

Alfred Lord Tennyson in his poem “Ulysses” said

Old age hath yet his honour and his toil

Death closes all; but something ere the end,

Some work of noble note, may yet be done,

At the end of this poem Tennyson revealed

Made weak by time and fate, but strong in will

To strive, to seek, to find, and not to yield.

R. W. Emerson in “Terminus” accepts

It is time to be old,

To take in sail:-

DH. Lawrence in “Beautiful Old Age” expects

It ought to be lovely to be old

to be full peace that comes of experience

King Lear in a play by Shakespeare laments

I am very foolish fond old man…

I fear I am not in my perfect mind.

The old man and the Sea” by Ernest Hemingway is a saga of an old man who had a strong will power and conquers the nature.

The literature is quite optimistic about old age.

                                                        From ”Tall Man Small Shadow”.

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© Vipin Behari Goyal

Advocate, Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur, India  Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2016/01/old-age-in-literature.html


Virginia Woolf : The Unsolved Mystery of Her Death

This is not A Hat and A Stick

It was as usual a dull afternoon of April 1941. Under a bridge in Southease children were playing Hide and Seek discovered a washed up dead body of a woman. It could not be identified immediately due to putrefaction. There was no missing complaint in the record of Police. Rodmell is a small village and civil parish in the Lewes District of East Sussex in England. Virginia Woolf and her husband Leonard Woolf bought a weather boarded cottage in 1919. Her sister Vanessa also lived in a nearby farmhouse.

The Monk House, which was once lively with spirited intellectuals like T. S. Eliot and E. M. Forster was now wrapped up in dead silence. Bloomsbury Group deeply mourned the sudden demise of their beloved member.

Associated Press made an official announcement “Mrs. Woolf’s body found” on 19 April confirming that she was drowned in the river Ouse three weeks earlier. The body was decomposed and flesh was eaten by fishes. A hat and cane were discovered at some distance above, upstream on the bank of the river. They were identified to belong to Virginia Woolf. Her house was also in proximity to the place where hat and stick were discovered. It was not an accident, she had committed suicide.

“April is the cruellest month” said T.S.Eliot in the opening line of his much admired poem “The Wasteland”. No doubt it took away one of the most admired scholars of the twentieth century.

Virginia Woolf: An Evening walk with Hat and Stick

A letter addressed to her husband was recovered which proved her intention to commit suicide, but no investigation was held. Her husband was a powerful politician in the Village Rodmell and played an important role in the society of the village.

What happens in the four walls of “a room of one’s own” is nobodies guess.

“A woman makes her house a work of art in which the very walls are permeated by her creative force.”

The backyard of her house had two Elm trees. They were intertwined like a romantic couple in embrace. One tree was strong and dominating than other. Virginia called them “Leonard and Virginia” in satire perhaps. Her remains were buried under the tree and the epitaph reads

Against you I fling myself

unvanquished and unyielding

O Death ! the waves broke on the shore

These lines are taken from her novel “The Waves”.

Who can read her suicide note without a turmoil and pang in the heart.

One cannot believe it is written by the same woman who advocated equality of men and women working together for a common cause. Men and women must make willing emotional acknowledgement of each other as individuals. Mrs. Dalloway and Mrs. Ramsay of Three Guineas created on the bank of Ouse in the wooden cottage were reflections of ‘those terrible times’ she mentioned in her suicide note.

“Dearest, I feel certain that I am going mad again. I feel we can’t go through another of those terrible times. And I shan’t recover this time. I begin to hear voices, and I can’t concentrate. So I am doing what seems the best thing to do. You have given me the greatest possible happiness. You have been in every way all that anyone could be. I don’t think two people could have been happier ’til this terrible disease came. I can’t fight any longer. I know that I am spoiling your life, that without me you could work. And you will I know. You see I can’t even write this properly. I can’t read. What I want to say is I owe all the happiness of my life to you. You have been entirely patient with me and incredibly good. I want to say that — everybody knows it. If anybody could have saved me it would have been you. Everything has gone from me but the certainty of your goodness. I can’t go on spoiling your life any longer. I don’t think two people could have been happier than we have been. V.”

There is excessive gratitude in the suicide note. Does a wife need to be so much grateful to her husband for spending happy time together. Is it only she who has a happy time or it is a happy time together.

Every happiness has a subtle streak of melancholy, but here it is so obvious. Many members of the Bloomsbury Group discard the theory that Virginia suffered from nervous breakdown. They found her ‘enormous fun’.

Her lesbian friend Vita said “I am reduced to a thing that wants Virginia.” In a letter Virginia once wrote to Vita “I am in bed making up stories about you.” Such loveable creatures do not pass away or just melt into thin air, the truth and reality pop on surface as chaotic impressions in triviality and ordinary day event of life, as she was discovered by playing children.

Some of her relatives believed and even confessed that it was better if her body was never recovered.

We look before and after,

And pine for what is not:

Our sincerest laughter

With some pain is fraught:

Our sweetest songs are those that tell of saddest thought.

(To a Skylark ~P. B. Shelley)

A ‘luminous halo’ was extinguished. No ashes, No embers, No wailing.

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© Vipin Behari Goyal

Advocate, Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur, India   Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2016/01/did-virginia-woolf-deserved-room-of.html


A country in Romance

Decline of Romanticism

Kerala Photo by Ashu Mittal

Being a Country in Romance is entirely different from being a Democratic or Sovereign country. It implies that the country which is a political unit with well defined geographical territory, is inhibited by people who are romantic.

William Wordsworth had visited France before he composed the poem “The French Revolution”. He was obviously impressed that the whole nation is enchanted by Reason as the prime motive for a revolution to bring a change. The attraction of a country in romance was undeniable. As we know W. Wordsworth, he would never compose a poem when there is the spontaneous overflow of powerful emotion, but after some time when he would sit in contemplative mood he would recollect those emotions in tranquility. Slowly the tranquility would disappear and the emotions would gradually re-emerge with more intensity. At this moment he would compose the poem which would become immortal as ‘The Daffodil’ or ‘Tintern Abbey’.

If we examine the characteristics of Romanticism we can decide if the country is really in Romance.

1. Love of Nature: It is not as easy as it sounds. If we had ever really loved nature, it would have never become so dangerously polluted as it is today. If we go by statistics of environmental science no country can claim to have a love of nature. Loving is nurturing, not destroying.(Tweet it)
p. 2. Emotional dominance:

Instead of reason or intellect, emotions, feelings, instincts and intuitions should prevail in a country in Romance. In an analysis, we find that people have become more egocentric, selfish, goal oriented and materialistic in approach. They have become more callous towards the suffering of humanity. Disparity in rich and poor would not have widened, if people were emotional.

3. Folklore language in Literature:

Since beginning, literature was created in two types of languages. Language of Elite and that of Folklore. Though out of fashion elite also read and appreciate Folklore literature but that is only a pretense to show off that they understand and care about life and sufferings of common people.

4. Exoticism:

Lands of mysteries and voodoo have always enchanted the curious mind of people. After the advent of media and transportation nothing is exotic any more.

5. Supernatural:

Due to spread of education and progress of science less and less people now believe in supernatural powers.

6. Haunted by the Past:

Some countries do not have a glorious past. If we go few centuries back, which is small time looking into the history of civilization, they did not even existed on the map of the world. They are now leading powers of the world. Some others who have a rich history of thousands of years are now almost beggars. Past is future, so no need to be haunted by it.

Thus we find that there is no country in Romance, Wordsworth was also disappointed by aftermath of French Revolution.

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© Vipin Behari Goyal Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2016/01/a-country-in-romance.html


The Unspoken Agony of the Girl in The Last Ride Together by Robert Browning

The girls are mysterious, The boys are obsessive

No doubt, the readers are so much hooked by the thrill and passion of narrator that they become totally oblivious to the feelings of the girl. In the last stanza the lover too is taken aback by the total silence of his girl friend

“And yet-she has not spoke so long!

But her silence does not seem to bother him. For a moment he comes out of his engrossment by her silence, but that doesn’t stop him from further contemplating that heaven is nothing but life at its best.

In the first stanza lover demands two things from the girl when she declined his proposal. His first demand is only a trick to get her consent for his second demand. In a way he has coaxed and enticed her for his ulterior motive.

Robert Browning

    “Take back the hope you gave,-I claim

     Only a memory of the same,

     And this beside ,if you will not blame

    Your leave for one more last ride with me.”    

The girl was dubious and apprehensive since she saw no point in the pleadings of her lover. If he wants to keep memories who can stop him? Why he wants my permission for that? Why he is insisting for one more ride? In their long relationship they had many rides together in all kinds of seasons and ambience. How does one more matters ? He had always been gentle in his approaches, does he want to cross the limits on his last ride together.

  “My mistress bent that brow of hers

   Those deep dark eyes where pride demurs

   When pity would be softening through

   Fixed me a breathing- while or two

   With life or death in the balance : right !

The boy looked at her as if his life depended on her answer. She saw that no harm could come from him. The girl could read that boy has hushed the conscience. The boy had no moral right to take the girl on ride when she had already declined his proposal.

“Thus leant she and lingered- joy and fear !

  Thus lay she a moment on my breast.”

After deciding to give him the advantage of her company for the last time she climbs beside him. In a natural gesture her head rests on his breast for a moment longer and she saw how his face was filled with ecstasy. She again hesitated in depriving him of a bliss which he may never have again in his life.

                                                                       “Then we began to ride.”

Who are they?(Hint-Bollywood Legend)

 And it was long, serene, peaceful ride. She does not know what he was thinking all the time. Both of them remained silent. She was expecting him to be gloomy, but he looked cheerful and gay.

 “ Had fate proposed bliss here should sublimate

    My being – Had I signed the bond—

    Still one must lead some life beyond, 

    Have a bliss to die with, dim-descried”.

She was feeling uncomfortable due to his exuberance. Does he want to show that he would live more happily without her. He was full of pity when he requested for last ride together, but now his charms seems to have returned fortified and he was in jubilant mood due to his victory over her. This thought has made her uncomfortable and she wants to finish the ride as soon as possible. In a way she also cursed the weak moment when her heart melted and she gave consent for this ride.

His face was glowing with radiance. She had no heart to shun it.

After all, she also had reminiscences of precious moments of her life spent with him.

© Vipin Behari Goyal

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Anger in Love : Love in Anger Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2016/01/the-unspoken-agony-of-girl-in-last-ride_3.html


The Hindu Caste System and identification of Archetypes based on the collective unconscious

Can caste system be abolished?

A shoemaker of Mochi sub-Caste making shoes in a village near Jodhpur

No system can survive without degeneration for centuries if the foundation of such system is not laid on strong rational belief. The caste system in Hindu is one such belief which still stronghold the Indian society. The society was dominated by Muslims and then by the British for many centuries who did not support caste system. On the contrary, their forced conversion of lower caste Hindus on the ground of discrimination, forced upon them by upper caste Hindus. The caste system is the backbone of Hindus who are in majority in Indian society.

The personal unconscious of a Hindu is dominated by the collective unconscious of the caste that has peculiar idiosyncrasies assigned to that caste. The grounds for “division of labour” were not arbitrary but scientific. Manu was the first social scientist to codify the prevailing order in the society. The order was established many centuries before Manu-Smirti was written around the 2nd century BCE to 3rd century CE.

The caste allocation was based on many physical and mental attributes of the individual. It later on became hereditary, especially when it was codified and a ‘status stigma’ was attached and caste were discriminated as upper and lower on the basis of tasks assigned to them.

Brahmins did interpretation, analysis and teaching of scripts written in Sanskrit. When caste became hereditary the Brahmins born with inferior mental capabilities gave thrust on rituals. With advent of materialism a caste which was supposed to depend on alms and charity of affluent segment of the society also started extracting wealth by creating fear of hell. This style has been followed in almost all religions of the world.

The ego born by personal unconscious related with superiority of caste is the hallmark of this caste. Scholarly achievements and progress on the path of enlightenment were their major pursuit.

Kshatriya the warrior caste constituted the Army. They invariably had a good physique and were obsessed with developing expertise in the use of weapons. Bravery, chivalry, philanthropy and magnanimity were inherent virtues of this caste.

Vaishya were associated with business. Ethics in business were important. If Brahmins were revered for scholarly achievements, Kshatriya for chivalry the Vaishya were revered for accumulation of wealth by ethical means. They were shrewd, visionary, ethical, submissive and moderate in nature.

Shudra which was servant class of the society did all kinds of menial jobs. They were shoemakers, tailors, sweepers, barbers, blacksmith and other hundreds of essential functions were assigned to them. They were physically strong, meek, obedient and hard worker.

No caste was superior to another. They all were equally important to the society.

We can assume that Brahmin represents the Super Ego, Kshatriya and Vaishya, Ego, and Shudra represented Libido.

Emperor Jones fled to the forest in the play of Eugene O’Neill and was haunted by the illusion of being sold as slave though in real life he had never been sold as slave due to collective unconscious of Congo tribe that he belonged, similarly let us see what would haunt different caste archetypes in similar situation.

A brahmin would be haunted by sexual crime, even if he has not committed any, since there is lots of sexual suppression on the path of enlightenment, Kshatriya would be haunted by an act of cowardice, because he is supposed to prefer death to cowardice, Vaishya for earning money by unethical means due to greed and Shudra for punishment for disobedience. These fears have roots in their collective unconsciousness which surfaces when they have no veneer of culture to protect them.

[* © Vipin Behari Goyal *]

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The Art of Story Writing

Art is Long but The Story is Short

The short story has not been defined precisely in the lower limit of word count.  The Novel is over 40000 words, Novella is 17500 to 40000 words, Novelette is 7500 to 17500 words and a short story is less than 7500 words.

There is a myth that Earnest Hemingway wrote Eight Word shortest story of the world.

For Sale: baby shoes, never worn.

Augusto Monterroso is a Guatemalan short story writer best known for his 8-word story titled “El Dinosaurio”:

When I woke up, the dinosaur was still there.

The famous story of two strangers travelling in a train. One asked “Do you believe in ghost?”

“No, ” said the other, and disappeared.

The title of the smallest book in the world is “Who rules the world?” And it is said that it has only one page with one word written on it “Money”.

The “Chicken soup for the soul” series is a compilation of many motivational and inspirational stories.

William Shakespearein Hamlet says “Brevity is the soul of wit”.

Art of brevity is the soul of Twitter also. To express oneself shortly and precisely is the theme of the world. People skip the pages filled with long narration even when they read voluminous classical novels.

William Strunk’sThe Elements of Style” a writing manual is popular because of its brevity.

Stephen King in his second forward of “On Writing” admits “shorter the book, the less the bullshit” and in third forward says “to write is human, to edit is divine”.

A short story has a fully developed theme. “TheAccident” is a wonderful story written by Bhisham Sahni. p. The protagonist is a young woman who is engrossed in conversation with her friend. She missed the saag meat cooked by her servant Jagga, so she narrates his story to her friend. The young wife of Jagga was seduced by the younger brother of her husband. When Jagga comes to know about it, he commits suicide. The husband of protagonist settles police, widow and other relatives of Jagga amicably. Shockingly, he knew that his younger brother was having an illicit relationship with the wife of Jagga. He defended the evil act of his younger brother by saying to his wife “In youth everyone sows his wild oats and so did Vikki”.

The story is a satirical tragedy. Despite the depressive end of Jagga the story is full of humor. The chauvinistic male in Indian society is insensitive and callous to a great extent. Women do not despise such man. On the contrary, they praise it as manly quality. When her husband gives money to Jagga’s wife and father to compensate his own guilt, she says “It’s all over and done with, what’s the point in squandering money like this?” The reader is baffled by the meanness of husband and wife.

It shows a middle class bourgeois tendency to exploit the labor class of society.

© Vipin Behari Goyal

Advocate, Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur, India Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/12/the-art-of-story-writing.html



Cure of Evil Spirits By Priest and Guru

Tarot Expert Viviana Druga

Exorcism is an age-old technique of evicting an evil spirit occupying a person or a place. All regions, cults, sect, clan, schools of faith describe evil spirits and have a ritual of exorcism. The rites performed across the globe  has many similarities.

In Hindu Mythology Garuda Purana has long descriptions of Hell and Heaven that every soul is allowed to dwell depending upon the Karma. A detailed account of all your deeds in every past birth is kept by Dharmaraj.

Performance artist and Tarot Expert Viviana Druga According to Christian belief the judgment is pronounced on doomsday. Dr. Faustus a play by Christopher Marlowe gives interesting descriptions of miracles of Dark Magic. Catholic exorcist is a consecrated priest who practices Ritulae Romanum by the authority of Bishop. Since the technique is complicated the risk factor cannot be over ruled.
p. Since it is believed that all Priests, Mullah and Sadhu (Guru) are messengers of God and represent good spirit, they are entitled to perform the ceremony of exorcism.

It does not need a survey to find that females are more likely to fall victim of evil spirits.

Famous shrines like Mahendipur Balaji in Rajasthan and Meera Datar Dargah in Gujarat are the most effective places for exorcism.

It is possible that some of the visitors suffer from psychic disorder. They may be patient of Hysteria or Schizophrenia and need help of Psychiatrists. Due to illiteracy and superstitions people have faith in exorcism. Paulo Coelho in his book “Witch of Portobello” has described clairvoyant powers of witchcraft.Athena  the main character’s mind was free and looked at witchery as a better religion than Catholic.

Voodoo is a mixture of Southern American and African practices combined with Roman Catholic rites performed as part of sorcery for scaring away evil spirits.

Persons who are emotionally unstable or born under weak planetary positions are more likely to become victim of evil spirits. The teenage girls are the most common prey for evil spirits. It could be due to unhygienic practices during  menstruation and contempt for evil spirit in teenage girls.

In Hindu the exorcism is of many kinds. If you have simply been caught by an ‘evil eye’ specially when you look cute or achieve unexpected success, it can be cured by a priest of the temple of Hanuman. Every Hindu child must have been taken by his parents to such a shrine in childhood for cure. If the ‘evil eye’ was strong, you may be required to visit more than once.

In such rite universally the sacred words are chanted, holy water is sprinkled on the patient and a broom made of feathers is used to clean the possession.

If an evil spirit is powerful, very offended with the patient (if patient has urinated at the dwelling of evil spirit viz. deserted places, abandoned buildings, old tree, graveyard), it would need a specialist. Such specialists in the Hindu religion are called Tantric. They could be of any caste, but mostly they are Sadhu, Baba, Aghori or Guru.

Padmini Kolhapure in Gerhard

The ritual is a sacred ceremony performed in privacy. Like a doctor examines the patient in privacy and one trusts the doctor  similarly you have to trust the Tantric/Sadhu/Guru also. If you lack the belief why did you opt for the treatment. The Tantric touches certain plexuses or chakras to strengthen them for the cure. How you willingly take off your cloth on the command of the doctor and never blame him for touching your body, similarly for tantric cure it would be highly malicious to accuse a Sadhu’s intentions in the performance of rites.

Tweet: Eradication of Evil is Exorcism; Be it an individual or the society.


© Vipin Behari Goyal

Advocate, Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur, India

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Hollow Modern Women castigated By T.S. Eliot in The Waste Land

Reputation is more important than chastity for Modern Women


Modern Man and the Ape Man came across each other at the bridge, once again. Modern Man had come to admire nature on the recommendation of his Psychiatrist and Ape Man had come to admire the technology of man-made bridge. When Modern Man asked Ape Man about his views on boredom, he was reluctant to share. When Modern Man insisted he spoke only one line.

“Here one can neither stand nor lie nor sit”

For Modern Man the line was simply absurd. What can someone do if not stand, lie or sit? Fly? He was annoyed at the Ape Man, as if he was responsible for what Tiresias said.

“No you can’t even fly, because you do not have a powerful imagination like Super Man”. Modern Man felt stuck. He looked at Ape Man.

Ape Man explained “To look for anything is to act on the hypothesis that it exists, faith precedes faith in regressive manner.” Modern Man remembered having heard this too. Ape Man said “You can’t take stand for your belief, you can’t prostrate in surrender, nor you can contemplate in lotus position. So you are doomed.”

Modern Man was stunned till he received a voice message from his wife. “I am at a party and will return home at late tonight. Do not wait for me. Serve dinner yourself. Love you, baby”. Followed by the sound of a kiss.

They had an instant eye contact. Ape Man was smiling satirically. Both had noticed that excuse to party was lame. The voice was hollow and there was no background noise of the party.

Ape Man said “If there were water…or….if there were the sound of water only.” After a pause, he said “Hollow Woman”.

Modern Man ignored the remark. He did not want to discuss his personal relationship with his wife with the Ape Man.

Ape Man could read the mind of Modern Man. He changed the topic. He told to Modern Man “Your civilisation is travelling back, towards us and our civilisation is travelling forward towards you. Like a time traveller we are neither past nor future. I hear about your nude beaches and organic farming. You are back to nature on the advice of your psychiatrist. In my clan many women have started covering their private parts with sheep skin. I know this shame will make our society corrupt. Women with covered skin becomes more desirable. This will lead to all other types of corruption.”

“Stop them from wearing loincloth. You are the Head” Modern Man retorted.

“Society is also dynamic. It evolves and undergoes a change with the advancement of time like an individual”. Ape Man was now in a trance. He continued “Chinua Achebe in Things Fall Apart could not stop society from evolving”.

Modern Man knew he was talking to a Time Traveller.

Modern Man decided to take his opinion. “Why did you call our women as hollow” he asked.

“Because they are more bothered about reputation than chastity. Remember Philomela?” Ape Man asked.

Modern Man nodded. He had been reading The Waste Land many times a day. Chastity was no more a virtue in his society. Everything is mechanical. Even Sex. Mechanisation is Boredom. Even all the attempts to break the monotony have also become stereotyped.

Chastity of Pamela by Richardson was mocked at in Shamela by Henry Fielding. Chastity even a fake chastity is better, as a bad man is better than bad name.©

Things were falling into place when the Modern Man received a voice message from his girlfriend.

To save himself from embarrassment Modern Man walked away.

[* © Vipin Behari Goyal *]

Advocate, Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur, India Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/12/hollow-modern-women-castigated-by-ts.html


Dilemma of Modern Man expounded by T.S.Eliot in “The Wasteland”

No Fear in Handful of Dust

The modern man returned disappointed. He could not commit suicide due to the gadget devised by him. The sensor had suggested him to read “The Wasteland”. The book had caused anxiety in him. He went for suicide since he found the life aimless and purposeless. After reading the book he was confused.

How the same act if done for procreation or for love is justified and is of high moral values, and condemned as a symbol of spiritual decay if  done for pleasure. Since the author did not have any convincing argument to support his Theory of Spiritual degeneration”, he had randomly picked up scriptures of mystic Eastern, to provide a solution which was already known to the entire civilization. The concept of Da in Brihdaranyak and “The Fire Sermon” in Buddhism did not match with dialectic and didactics of modern man.

The modern man had a comfortable relationship with his girlfriend. After living together for last two years, they found that they were not intimate enough to perform the act.

So Modern Man was of opinion that the author of that monologue was obsessed with sex.  In 430 lines verse, at many a spot, modern man thought, he could read the mind of Poet even though his spokesman was Tiresias. The poet had devised some new sounds the exact meaning of which were obscure, but were led to the vulgar representation of the act.

And still she cried, and still the world pursues,

jug jug to dirty ears. (V. 100)

Twit twit twit

Jug jug jug jug jug jug ( V. 200)

Only a cock stood on the rooftree

Co co rico co co rico(v.390)

Weialala leia

Wallala leialala (v. 280)

Modern man did not believe in experimenting with phonetics and linguist, especially by a poet.

The narration of episode of Typist and Clerk was disgusting. The typist gave herself with total indifference and apathy.

Exploring hands encounter no defense;

His vanity requires no response,

And makes a welcome of indifference. (V. 240)

In the opinion of Modern Man such indifference in the act was admirable.

The elaborate preparations which were once prerequisite of idle man and woman to perform the act were neither affordable nor tolerable.

The stories narrated by the three daughters of the Thames are abominable. The Modern Men had refined taste so far as art was concerned. He did not find the description was in good taste.

Undid me. By Richmond I raised my


Supine on the floor of narrow canoe.

No one who wants to reject the act itself would use such lucid descriptions. Modern man found such erotic imagination despicable. Also, it was quite a distorted version of ‘Gotterdammerung’( The Rhine-daughters). Moreover, it is more shocking that Thames-daughters found their loss of chastity as inevitable.

He wept. He promised “a new start.”

I made no comment. What should I

Resent?(V. 300)

The description of the third daughter was a shock to Modern Man.

I can connect

Nothing with nothing.

Modern man was in search of such electromagnetic waves that can connect nothing with nothing. It could be quite tedious to establish such a relationship.

Modern Man could like only one line in the poem.

“Shall I at least set my lands in order?”(V. 420)

That could have been a nice beginning.

The Modern Man was about to throw away the book, When The Ape Man came. He saw the book in the hand of Modern Man and laughed hysterically. The Modern Man was surprised that The Ape Man knew about the book. He felt humiliated and told the whole story.

Ape Man told the Modern Man that he had read the book superficially. Eliot said “At bottom: that is great way down; the bottom is the bottom.”

Modern Man could not understand how an Ape Man could understand such a complex dilemma that he was facing.

Modern Man had no fear in his mind. So he had failed to understand the poem and its implications.

Ape Man could read his mind. He said “Fear is for us, for you it is Boredom. You went to commit suicide out of boredom.”

Ape Man was about to explain boredom when he heard a roar of lion and eloped in the jungle. 

He asked Modern Man to contemplate about Mr. Prufrock while departing.

Mr. J A. Prufrock as symbol of Modern Man:

Mr. Prufrock in the poem “The Love Songs of J. A.Prufrock” by T.S.Eliot is also a symbol of Modern Man.He suffers the same dilemma which all the modern men suffer.

“Do I dare ? and do I dare?” is the anguish caused by a mental conflict. He is constantly forced to suppress his desire to act on natural instincts. His psyche is governed by Artificial Society which is the society of inhibitions and taboos. Modern Man wants to be rational and rebel against the irrational society but he is caught in the trap of his own mental make up which is framed by Artificial Society. He thus accepts his defeat and finds a cowardly escape in camouflaging his elemental passions behind the mask of being gentleman.

“Time yet for a hundred decisions

And for a hundred visions and revisions”

Modern Man has no paucity of time. He is not worried that time is fleeting. He is puzzled by immovability and timelessness of time. Geoffrey Bullough comments “ all wars are same war, all love making the same love making, all home coming the same home coming”.

Modern Man suffers from fear that is ecstatic. The thunder should awake a fear, but modern man due to ecstasy is unable the read the massage of  moment of thunder to surrender, release and wellbeing.

Another dilemma of Modern Man is of “folded double lie”. One is romantic lie of “Self Love” which is biggest hurdle on the path of “Universal Love”, second is “lie of Authority” which comes from State or Collective Man,neither of them really exist.

W.H.Auden in his poem September 1,1939 has given the final massage “We must love one another or die”. Though he was not sure about this doctrine and found it impracticable and deleted from the poem. This shows the importance of “Agape” if  you prefer theology.

No one exists alone. The future of entire human civilisation depends on application of Agape universally. Modern Man is blinded by Eros and though he talks of Agape but in reality neither he believes in it nor acts to implement it.

Modern Man thinks that a great poetic work was possible even if he did not believe in “Original Sin”. “The Fall” is not historic one time phenomenon but a continuous process for human civilisation.

[* © Vipin Behari Goyal *]

Advocate, Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur, India Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/11/dilemma-of-modern-man-expounded-by.html


Men will never be equal to Women

Negative Feminism

Havelock Ellis 

Wollstonecraft and Virginia Wolfe had a great vision. They knew the direction in which the society was heading. They talked about issues which will remain relevant for many centuries to come. The saga that started with demand of a room of one’s own, has not come to an end. Every strong thesis has an equally strong antithesis. Feminism does not have any antithesis. Neither Masculism  nor Egalitarianism serves the purpose. Anti-Feminist is, one who does not subscribe to Feminism. Feminism is a theory of the political, economic and social equality of the sexes and covers all organized activities to claim the right, and protect the interest of women. My antithesis of Feminism is Negative Feminism. “Negative Feminism is protection of the right and needs of Men. Some important components of this theory are as follows:

1. Masculism-

This term is still unknown to the dictionary. Though an ambiguous page on Wikipedia says that it is the advocacy of the rights and needs of men. In case of women it is ‘right and interest’ while in case of men it is ‘right and needs’. This explains a lot. The women are already standing at the top of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. They are searching for identity, which in a way is self-realization or self actualization need. Men on the other hand, are striving to fulfill their physiological needs. The responsibility to earn a square meal is on his shoulder. He is supposed to work hard and earn all amenities for his family. The society condemns a man who fails to do so. On the play ‘Death of a Salesman’ by Arthur Miller, Willy Loman commits suicide when he fails to provide facilities for his family. He had one dream; to fulfil the dreams of his family members. On the other hand, in the play ‘The Doll’s House’ by Henrik Ibsen, Nora Helmer deserted her husband and three children just because her husband refused to take the blame of forgery she had committed. Either way, it is the man who is a sufferer if he fails to fulfil expectations of  woman from him.

Women lack genius and genuine morality, men lack passion and compassion, for these qualities they have to imitate each other.

2. Bachelorette

The female counterpart of the Bachelor is Spinster. Now a single unmarried woman is called Bachelorette. Spinster is woman past the usual age of marrying and is considered unlikely to marry. So a male spinster is still waiting to be christened. We need to acknowledge the psychological needs of the man who is past the usual age of marriage and is considered unlikely to marry. Why famous artist like Voltaire, Beethoven, Leonardo Di Vinci and Henry James chose to remain celibate? Why an imaginative genius child is retarded by a dominating woman in his life ? Women may be classified on the basis of their relationship with men. Prefix of Miss and Mrs. defines their status and thus availability but men have been denied any such privilege. Virginity also defines a women, but no parallel word is coined for males of the same species. Man has constantly been ignored, since he has no platform to raise his voice. While the word prostitute and whore have ancient origin the word gigolo was coined in 1920.

3. Literature in appreciation of female beauty

Voluminous literature has been created in praise of female beauty. Some characters like Helen and Cleopatra have become immortal, though it is not sure if they were really beautiful. Males have received no such praise even from female authors. Female authors have never revealed if they are attracted by the physical attributes of a male. They pose that character is more important for men. In ‘Joseph Andrews’ by Henry Fielding, Joseph writes a letter to his sister Pamela. He writes“chastity is as great virtue in a man as in woman”, and vows to preserve it at any cost.Men deserves better attention from women writers. We need more female writers to write about physical beauty of men and his sufferings if he chooses to remain chaste.

4. Henpecked Husbands

Havelock Ellis in his book "Psychology of Sex" said 95% male masturbates and rest tell a lie. The same is true for henpecked husband. All married men are henpecked in some way or other. Either they are proud of it or they are ashamed of it. This is an eternal suffering. Nagging is said to be the birthright of women.This is high time we make certain law to protect rights of henpecked husbands.

5. [*Cuckold Husbands *]

The definition is funny, but not the situation.

William Congreve in his famous play “The way of the world” has shown deceit among upper class English households. Fainall complains “My wife is an arrant wife and I am a cuckold…”.A cuckold husband is more despised character than a whore. There is a complete genre of man which is grossly condemned by society. Pimp is one of them. We have stories about famous harlot and prostitutes but nobody has written about pimps who made them famous.

Other related posts

[* © Vipin Behari Goyal *]

Advocate, Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur, India Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/11/men-will-never-be-equal-to-women.html


Sins of Individualism

Why Suicide is the final solution for Modern Man

Superman at bridge

There were three Homo sapiens The Apeman, The Modern Man and The Superman. They looked very different from each other. Only a biologist could say that they belonged to the same species of the animal kingdom.

They all lived on the same island. They were constantly in conflict about values. The conflict grew in magnitude with each passing day. The thought of suicide occurred to them simultaneously. They reached to the bridge. They did not know what was at the other end of the bridge. So far they could see, it was spread like Anaconda on the sea.

The Superman  decided to walk into unknown and discover the other end of the bridge. He had accomplished impossible by sheer ‘will to power’. He was an explorer and instead of reason he had more faith in the power of his sub-conscious mind.

The Man had a doubt if he can use the bridge which was made by ‘the strength of collective man’ to attain his personal objective of suicide. He stood on the bank in contemplative mood. He desired to be ‘loved alone’ due to his ‘self love’. He loved the seclusion caused by his self love. He had no desire to cross the impassable sea of universal love.

The Apeman was interested in suicide out of curiosity. He wanted to survive even after committing suicide. He had survived so far only because he trusted his instincts. The Apeman reached to the conclusion that he would not ‘exist’ if he commits suicide. Recently he had herded cattle and his likes on a mesa. Now he was most powerful amongst all hilltop habitations. He was Seer in the eyes of his people. He knew about some others of his kind who lived on the same island, but thought and acted differently. But he kept his own kind away from those contaminated species. So The Apeman decided to return without committing suicide.

The Modern Man was looked down upon with contempt from The Apeman and The Superman. He was left alone at the bridge. He thought that not only the other ‘classes’ but his own kind also hated him for what he was and what he had accomplished, by inheriting sustained variation due to his constant ‘struggle for existence’.

The variations were infinite and inheritance was never absolute. Moreover, he could never know if the variation would be beneficial or harmful to his species in the future, even though they helped him in survival. The struggle that was once need of the hour became his inherited trait.

The ‘fear’ was now an inherent part of his ‘psyche’. He had created new ‘phantoms’ to be afraid of. All phantoms, since the beginning were byproducts of ‘death’. The modern man was determined to conquer this fear. He wanted ‘Nirvana’ not only for himself, but for the entire race of modern mankind. He acknowledged himself as ‘absurd comedy of reproduction, and had no interest in perpetuating a comedy that turns into tragedy. Death was the only rational solution.

So he jumped from the bridge.

Surprisingly, he did not fell in the river. His location was restored by a electromagnetic device. The bridge was a modern bridge made by modern technology. Nothing could fall in the river which could pollute it. The sensors observed that the Modern Man had contaminated mind. The sensor also suggested the Modern Man to read the “The Waste Land” By T.S.Eliot.

Keep reading for the interpretation of “The Waste Land” by the Modern Man.

Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/11/suicide-by-modern-man.html


Three Girls on the Bridge in Search of Identity

The Story of Three Girls On the Bridge in search of Identity

Edvard Munch at Tate Modern

Three girls decided to cross the bridge. The bridge was made of ropes and wooden planks. The planks were weathered and the rope was sick. They had no work on the other side of the bridge. They wanted to cross it for the sake of fun and adventure. When they were almost at the midway the bridge broke. One girl fell down in the river, one was hanging by holding the rope and the third one was still standing on the plank of the bridge that was about to give way. The Fallen, The Falling and About to Fall are three women(girls became women when bridge brakes) about whom the whole literature of the world has been written. The women were not insecure, only bridge was insecure. The juxtaposition created an illusion which women enjoyed.

The river beneath the bridge thronged with dead bodies of male. From above the bridge they looked dead, but actually they were not dead. They were at various stages of unconsciousness. Youth was unconscious and elders whimpered inaudibly in semi consciousness. There were no children. No literature in the world has ever portrayed the suffering and agony of the gender of this species. The Nausea had caused Metamorphosis in The Strangers. They all had similar faces. Why would anybody take interest in them. They were all archetypes of cave man wearing different masks. Civilization taught them to conceal their true-type. They were basically disorganized, aimless and inactive. 

Women were organized, active and focused by their natural gift of virginity, menstruation and menopause. They searched for identity since they knew they have one. The man was even unconscious about that. He  became active only when provoked by women.

The level of consciousness of the males changed due to Fallen girl. The Fallen girl had the role models of Anna Karenina, Moll Flanders, Constance Chatterley  and Madam Bovary. All these women had flouted the prescribed norms of the society and lived their life in their own way. The society looked with awe, but did not dare to condemn them. The readers loved them. Atwood would appreciate them for being Bad Women. They did not care two figs about anybody’s opinion. They were all part of a stream, which was not unidirectional. Magnanimity and meanness are unconfined. The Fallen women had more magnanimity.

The Falling woman who was still sticking to unstranded rope, and each strand was breaking under the pressure, looked up and down. She was not afraid to fall, she was just waiting for all strands to break and then she would have a natural fall. She remembered the naked dance of Connie in the rain. Connie was in unison with nature. The dance was not an effort of celebration, it was a synchronization of her entire being with all the elements of nature. She danced like a peacock. The final strand would break by her will to power.

The one who still stood on the damaged wooden plank of the bridge was Emma. She had a conditioned mind, initially. She thought fallen are lower class, falling are middle class and she herself was upper class. After repeated mistakes she had learned her lessons. Now she knew her “matchmaking” was actually voyeuristic and she always took pleasure in imagining those couple copulating. Thus she herself had vicariously enjoyed the clandestine pleasure of proximity and copulation with almost all the male characters around her. Now, after getting married with Mr. Knightly, who was much older than her, she knew in her heart that Harriet and Robert Martin would supersede her in  carnal pleasure. So about to Fall was in no way different from Fallen and Falling.

Vipin Behari Goyal


Other related Posts Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/11/the-fallen-girls.html


Rousseau and Broken Bridge

Forced to freedom by General Will


Once an assorted group of travelers assembled at one end of the bridge on a river of backwater. It was essential for them to cross the bridge to reach their destination. To their utter dismay, they found that the gatekeeper  at the bridge has stopped them from crossing the bridge. He said that bridge is in dilapidated condition and it would be dangerous to cross the bridge. The bridge may collapse and they may die. Apparently the bridge was intact. These people were desperate to cross the bridge. One of them was an elite, one bourgeois, one peasant and one looked like a scholar.

They had nothing in common except their goal to cross the bridge. They saw gatekeeper as an obstacle. The gatekeeper explained that he has orders from his superiors. If he permits and bridge collapses, he would lose his job. The gatekeeper gave them an occasional stern look. He was not armed, still he conveyed his authority. Moreover, he had locked the gate with a chain and filled the entrance with fallen trees. The travelers belonged to a sovereign democratic country which ensured them “freedom” as a fundamental right. They all had the freedom to walk in any part of the country. The state represents “general will”. General will is not necessarily will of all. In will of all individual selfish motives also work. The general will is the mandate of rational people for common good.

The scholar was the rational being and he was quick to understand the situation. He evaluated the pros and cons and postponed his journey and returns back. He knew that to obey what is best for all is to maximize the freedom for each.

The peasant was born in slavery and for slavery. For him realism and idealism were two sides of the same coin. He had never argued with authority in his life. His slavery was  natural freedom in comparison to his master who was forced to freedom. He decided to cross the valley by long and arduous route.

The elite was of opinion that generally the people are stupid and do not understand what is good for them. The wisest did not govern many. General will is a farce and he is not bound by that. The representative of the masses had vested interest in all kinds of prohibitions. They were acknowledged by ban and prohibitions. It diverted the attention of people from real problems. People were forced to keep on demanding what is rightfully theirs. He summoned a higher executive.

The bourgeois suffered from a terminable disease. He had heard about a physician who lived across the bridge. He thought he had a right to risk his life in order to preserve it. The elite had gone to retire in nearby shrine. Bourgeois was alone with guard. He wanted to bribe gatekeeper to allow him to cross the bridge. He decided that first he would convince gatekeeper. He will pass his own disunity of soul to gatekeeper so that he agrees to lose his fullness of existence. Selfishness is servitude to sociability. Bourgeois was in fact a social man living in the social conditions with his artificial constitution.

He whispered in the ear of gatekeeper. The gatekeeper looked puzzled, checked that no one is around and nodded. After some time, he unlocked the gate of the bridge. Bourgeois passed on to the bridge.

Vipin Behari Goyal


English Literary Association

JNV University, Jodhpur


Artists may kindly contribute relevant pictures for the essay.

Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/10/rousseau-and-broken-bridge.html


Waiting for Godot: An Absurd Drama by Samuel Beckett

How absurd is meaningful? 

It’s all about waiting. The waiting is the only talked-about activity. The waiting is endless! The waiting is crucial! The waiting is commitment! There is no alternative but to wait.

So here, in ‘Waiting for Godot’ waiting is an action.

Let us contemplate on a few verses from Geeta. Geeta is the only religious book which is purely philosophical in nature.

“What is action? What is inaction? Even the wise are confused in this matter. This action, I shall explain to you, having known which, you shall be released from evil” (4:16).”

“The real nature of action is hard to understand” (4:17).”

“One who sees inaction in action, and action in inaction, is intelligent among men, and he is in the transcendental position, although engaged in all sorts of activities.”(4:18).”

Science says every action has a reaction, but those actions that do not reproduce reactions are inaction. But there is one condition. The action is performed in a transcendental position.

Now, philosophically transcendental means “asserting a fundamental irrationality or supernatural element in experience.”

Waiting is a fundamental irrational experience not only for the characters on stage, but also for the audience. This is also evident in repetition of the same dialogue between two characters at the end of Act 1 and Act II, in reverse order.

At the end of Act 1 in “Waiting for Godot”.

“Estragon says: Well, shall we go?

Vladimir replies: Yes, Let’s go.

[They do not move.]

While in the end of Act 2

Vladimir says: Well, shall we go?

Estragon replies: Yes, Let’s go.

Both of them said“Let’s Go”, but did not move. To say is an action which does not cause any reaction. In transcendence action is inaction and inaction becomes action.

Many dimensions of waiting have been explored and many yet remain to be explored. 

The waiting is in reference to time.

“Vladimir: That passed the time.

Estrogen: It would have passed anyway.”

French Philosopher Henry Bergson in his theory of duration(la duree) established that time can be grasped through intuition and imagination only since its is permanently in the state of  ‘movable and incomplete’.

“Estragon: Simply wait.

Vladimir: We are used to it.

Waiting is habit. It is a conditioning of mind. It is Comfort zone. It is an identity fixation since ‘billions are doing it everyday.”

Waiting is passion, and whole human life is passion. Man starts his journey with ‘doubt’:

“Estragon: You gave me a fright.

Vladimir: I thought it was he.

Estragon: Who?

Vladimir: Godot.

Estragon: Pah! The wind in the reeds.

Vladimir: I could have sworn I heard shouts.

Estrogen: And why would he shout?

Vladimir: At his horse.”

Through doubt man wants to reach a ‘belief ‘. The faith is a miracle. Waiting is for that miracle to happen. There are some pseudo-references in all religion that miracle do occur.

“Estragon: I remember the map of Holy Land. Coloured they were. Very pretty. The dead sea was pale blue. The very look of it made me thirsty. That’s where we will go, I used to say, that’s where we’ll go for our honeymoon. We will swim. We’ll be happy.”

Waiting is hope that everything will be better tomorrow. 

Waiting is for ‘Second Coming’, that would solve all their problems, waiting is for salvation and that is why they repent. The repeated references from the Old Testament and the New Testament reminds us of Christian Existentialist, Soren Kierkegaard

Does man suffer despair for want of faith in God.

Waiting is an escapism from the struggles and the nothingness of life.

Waiting is a journey from essentialism to existentialism.

Meaningful phrases from the play and lessons they teach:

1. Vladimir: Be reasonable, you haven’t yet tried everything. And I resumed the struggle.

2. Vladimir: (He buttons his fly)Never neglect the little things of life.

3. Vladimir: Hope deferred maketh the something sick.

4. Vladimir: Blaming on his boots the fault of his feet.

5. Vladimir: The essential doesn’t change.

6. Pozzo: Think twice before you do anything rash.

7. Pozzo: From the meanest creature one departs wiser, richer, more conscious of one’s blessings.

8. Pozzo: I might just as well have been in his shoes and he in mine.

9. Vladimir: To every man his little cross.

10. Vladimir: Let us not waste our time in idle discourse.

T.S.Eliot in his poem “The Four Quartets” says

I said to my soul, be still, and wait without hope

For hope would be hope for the wrong thing; wait without love,

For love would be love of the wrong thing; there is yet faith

But the faith and the love and the hope are all in the waiting.”

Faith,Hope and Love are in waiting. Not only in waiting but poet suggests a sort of perpetual waiting. In “Tall Man Small Shadow” this poem has been quoted from an existentialist point of view.

Use of Sex Symbols in Waiting for Godot:


Fancy that. _](He raises what remains of the carrot by the stub of leaf, twirls it before his eyes.)[ Funny, the more you eat the worse it gets._
With me it’s just the opposite.

Vladimir and Estragon have a relationship which seems to be more than friendship. Temperamentally they are different, but they are bound by some invisible bond which could be Sex. There are subtle hints for that.

Firstly, the waiting itself can be seen as an impotent act. Vladimir is sterile and suffers erectile dysfunction. His offer of carrot is symbolic . Estragon holds the stub of carrot and by the stub of leaf and twirls it before the eyes, is enough to demonstrate his opinion about Vladimir impotency.


Estrogon’s unbuttoned fly is not simple abrupt humour. It has some implications. It could be pain and suffering caused by sexual incompetence. T. S. Eliot has ridiculed sterile relationship and mechanisation of sexual act in The Wasteland’.Similarly, Beckett also makes a mockery of meaninglessness and uselessness of fly in sterile relationship.Vladimir seems to be suggesting something more when he said “Never ignore little things in life”. It may be his pain or suffering for being ignored due to “little thing”.

Pants Off:

In the end of the play the last conversation which usually concludes the theme of the play is:

Vladimir: Pull on your trousers.

Estrogon: What?

Vladimir: Pull on your trousers.

Estrogon: You want me to pull off my trousers.

Vladimir: Pull on your trousers.

As if the audience is also being asked to buckle up their pants since the show is over.

[* © Vipin Behari Goyal *]

Advocate, Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur, India   Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/10/waiting-for-godot-absurd-drama-by.html


Too Young For Nuptial Tie

Will Child Marriage be Again in Vogue? 

There is no difference in many advance and backward countries of the world so far as the law related to marriage and divorce is concerned. Just like every state in US can make its own law to decide the age of marriage, In India every religion is entitled to adhere to Personal Law.

The Personal Law deals with marriage, divorce, maintenance, inheritance and adoption laws. Despite repeated commands by the Supreme Court the Government in power is avoiding Uniform Civil Code. The main reason is minority status of all other religions in India except Hindu. Minority constitutes a vote bank to whom no political party in power wants to displease.

The Gujarat High Court has decided that a Muslim girl can marry when she attains puberty or 15 years of age.

Almost every girl attains puberty when she is still legally minor. How a Muslim minor girl deservs to be married when girls of other religions are restricted?

According to a Report “The onset of puberty varies among individuals. Puberty usually occurs in girls between the ages of 10 and 14, while in boys it generally occurs later, between the ages of 12 and 16. In some African-American girls, puberty begin earlier, at about age 9, meaning that puberty occurs from ages 9 to 14.”

“Adolescent girls reach puberty today at earlier ages than were ever recorded previously. Nutritional and other environmental influences may be responsible for this change. For example, the average age of the onset of menstrual periods in girls was 15 in 1900. By the 1990s, this average had dropped to 12 and a half years of age.”

On one hand the age of attaining puberty has declined and on the other hand, there is a sharp rise in the cases of child abuse. In US 3 million cases of child abuse are reported every year out of which 49% or physical or sexual abuse. In India 53% of children face one or more forms of sexual abuse. If we include unreported cases the number is unbelievably high.

You may ask in what kind of society we are living? In India child marriage, which once was very common is now seen as a social stigma. There is a law prohibiting child marriage.

The prevalent practice is that after marriage the bride was not sent with the bridegroom and lived with her parents till she attained puberty and was emotionally mature to adjust to new life. The actual departure of the bride took place after a small ceremony of Gauna associated with the consummation of marriage. p. This system remained in vogue for many centuries. It had certain logical advantages

1. Economy -  The women were assets in most of agrarian communities. They were generally more laborious and methodical than their male counterparts. Girls were best in taking care of cattle and milking animals. Cows and goats had more productivity when tended by girls.

The parents of the girl tried to postpone Gauna, even after she attained puberty. Though they kept a close watch on her activities and when they found her taking an interest in the boys of her age or eager to meet her bridegroom on one pretext or another, they thought it was high time she may be delivered to her rightful owner.

A lively story Empty Cocoon explains issues related to marriage and sex in rural India. 2. Auspicious Day – The ceremony of marriage has to take place on auspicious days. The astrologers and fortune tellers used to charge money for deciding the day. The Akha Teej is one such day when marriage can be performed even without consulting a priest or astrologer. p. 3. Advantages of Bulk Marriages – The marriages occurred in bulk on such days. Often all brothers and sisters of one family got married on the same date. It saved a lot of money. A huge feast to all the members of the community was most expensive affair in a marriage. That feast had to be given only once if all children were married on the same day.

4. Family Bondage – A marriage was seen as bonding between two families. In ancient time wedding in royal families was solemnised for strengthening the kingdom. By early marriage the clan was expanded to take care of any kind of emergencies in both the families.

5. Advance Booking – Now a days, in case of arranged marriage, it has become a Herculean task for the parents to search a suitable boy/girl. Most of the suitable bachelors are thronged and have a variety of options to  choose from depending on their taste and temperament.

The basic choice is between money and beauty as envisaged by Daniel Defoe in Moll Flanders. Moll says “ I have the money and I want the beauty, but as Times go now, the first will do without the last.”

Child marriage was used as an instrument to curb the desire of child abuse and sustain a sane society. In The Old Man and The Nymph a young girl who is a divine spirit brings a new ray of hope in the life of worn out old man. Such symbiotic relationships are exceptions, and society silently approves such discrepancies in which male is major beneficiary.

Child marriage is circumvent way of committing child abuse.

Poverty, illiteracy, unemployment, competition, consumerism and insecurity are some of the reasons of manic depression in youth of the world. The manic depressive youth finds an outlet in the child abuse. The elimination of  socio-economic causes is no more in the hands of society.

A male chauvinist may opine that any girl out of cradle is old enough to get married. The age difference between spouse is important biological and social issue. Is mature older husband more suitable for innocent, emotional girl? Please give your opinion about “ideal age difference” to expand the article.

Other related post

© Vipin Behari Goyal

Advocate, Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur, India  Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/10/right-age-for-marriage.html


To Beef Or Not To Beef

Is Existence of Holy Cow in Danger

Can a whole country be caught in the frenzy of an issue as to what people should eat and what not? An election can be contested and won if cards are played properly on this issue.

Swami Yukteshwar Giri in his highly acclaimed book “The Holy Science” has scientifically drawn the inference  that human anatomy is similar to frugivorous animals. It is unnatural for human beings to be non-vegetarian. p. Vegans are strict vegetarians who do not consume any animal product including all dairy products. They even do not use any products made of leather, fur or horns of animals.

Having practiced Veganism for two decades, I found it helped in synchronising my heart, mind and soul with Ultimate source of energy. Peace transcended and heart was filled with love for all animate and inanimate objects.

How one religion can ban pork and other beef, if the ultimate objective of all the religion is same. They have their logic to support the belief, which may even be true, but how one religion can dictate followers of another to copy them.

Sofiya Rangwala on her Facebook account pleads “ Pork is banned in all Muslim countries, no one has any objection. India is 80% Hindu country and if cow slaughter is banned here, everyone starts to object. Will beef consumers die if they didn't get beef to relish? It's high time that we started to respect the religious sentiments of the majority also, rather than always trying to appease the minority. Besides, banning cow slaughter from health perspective is also an invited decision by the Maharashtra gov. Same should be implemented all over India. ” p. Hinduism is third largest religion of the world. Jainism, Sikhism and Buddhism are also part of it. There is no Hindu nation in the world. Even Nepal has decided to be secular. Hinduism does not support and propagate conversion. All other religions have thrived on conversion by coercion or inducement.

Let us respect religious sentiments of all people. If Jain demand that during Holy days of Prajushan selling meat should be prohibited, then everyone should come forward willingly to cooperate. No intervention by court shall be required.

Shobhaa De has rightfully reacted “I just ate beef, come and murder me”. p. Intolerance for others way of life is growing all over World. We cannot justify to accuse followers of one belief to appease others, who themselves have a history of fanaticism and vandalism.

Every Hindu has his own answer to the question “Why cow is holy? Why Hindu call her mother? Is only Indian cow holy or all cows all over world are holy?

Except States like Arunachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Mizoram, Sikkim, Tripura and Uttarakhand, 24 states have imposed ban on beef.

Kerala is the largest beef consuming state and India is second largest beef exporting country in the world after Brazil. Though that beef is said to be of buffalo and not cow.

There are not enough sheds to take care of ailing, nonproductive, aged cows. Even the milking cows are pushed in the streets by their owners. They loiter in the streets and main roads to eat leftovers and garbage thrown by households. Fatal road accidents take place not only in cities and but also on national highways due to these stray animals. Some people are injured or killed by sharp horns of cows in the narrow streets of towns of India.

When a cow dies the people of untouchable caste are summoned to remove carcass.

Due to huge import and high yielding hybrid cows, many native species of cow have become extinct and many more are rapidly becoming endangered. The milk of desi cows is far more superior in quality than imported or hybrid cows.

 © Vipin Behari Goyal

Advocate, Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur, India  Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/10/to-beef-or-not-to-beef.html


Why a Journalist is awarded Nobel Prize in Literature 2015

Journalism in Literature

Svetlana Alexievich

Svetlana Alexievich 67 years old Journalist from Belarus is now the first female Non-Fiction writer to win Nobel Prize in Literature, 2015.

In  Last Witnesses: The Book of Unchildlike Stories she compiles stories of second world war survivors, who were children at that time. Journalists always know how to create a sensational story out of a human tragedy.

In Zinky Boys (the title refers to zinc coffins in which bodies of dead soldiers were sent), war widows, soldiers, doctors and children narrate their stories of suffering caused by Russian occupation of Afghanistan.

In Voices from Chernobyl stories are of victims and eyewitnesses of one of the biggest tragedies in the history of mankind.

All the three books are the chronicles of failure of the Russian Government. In a way they are anti-Russian. The Journalists are often trained in the skill of anti-government reporting.

While Journalism is the art of creating ‘monument of suffering’, Literature is ‘creating a monumental masterpiece by undergoing that suffering’. What is more vital is not important, they are just two different disciplines.

The Literature lovers of the whole world are stunned. Who Svetlana? A journalist? Is world short of good authors? Why don’t you stop writing fiction? It’s no more required. Join some Newspaper, do some reporting, collect some stories and aspire for more fame.

Sara Danius permanent Secretary of Swedish Academy is defensive, even while making the announcement. “It’s not really about a history of events. It’s a history of emotions.” She says. “She’s (Svetlana Alexievich) devised a new kind of literary genre. It’s a true achievement, not only material but also in form.”    

The form is Polyphonic.

In reference to music it is “having two or more harmonized voices”, and in reference to Phonetics it is “voiced and unvoiced phonetic values”.

The later definition is more suitable here. Some voices you read in the book, but many voices remain unheard. The unheard voices serves the ulterior objectives of benefactors, who are creators and appreciators.

According to Svetlana “Art has failed to understand many things about literature.”

If Non-Fiction can represent human emotions in a better way than Fiction, it is doomsday of human civilization.

The journalist may deserve applause by Noble Committee, but not at the cost of Literature.

May be we all need a paradigm shift so far as spectrum of literature is concerned.

[* © Vipin Behari Goyal *]

Advocate, Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur, India   Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/10/why-journalist-is-awarded-nobel-prize.html


A Doll’s House By IBSEN – A play that can save marriages

[*Marriage Counseling in Literature *]

Torvald and Nora are husband and wife. They have three children. Nora is a housewife and Torvald is making a career in banking. They are apparently a happy couple. They face ups and down slowly and their relationship disintegrates without any obvious major flaw.

We read the novel and trace the events that caused a loving, lovely wife to abandon her caring and careerist husband. It may help in saving a marital relationship.

1. Secrecy and Suspense

If either of the spouses is fond of keeping secrets to give a surprise, it definitely is going to hurt sooner or later.

Opening line of the act

Nora: Hide that Christmas tree away, Helen. The children mustn’t see it before I’ve decorated it this evening.

The opening dialogue reveals the character of Nora. The Nora is in the habit of hiding the things. She is prone to keep the things secret. Since it is a trait of her character she is not only hiding the things from children but also from the husband.

Symbolically, she herself is a Christmas tree and she hides her character from her husband, children and friends.

Surprises are good, lest you don’t have to pay for it.

It reminds us a story by O. Henry “The gift of the Magi”. Magi sells her long lustrous hair to buy a chain of a golden watch for Jim, while Jim sales his watch to buy a set of combs for his beloved Magi. To surprise each other they sold the only two precious things in their house.

Some people are not apt to handle a surprise, suspense or secret. The spouse should avoid to keep anything secret between them. This relationship needs absolute transparency. May be both of them would undergo a turmoil, but it might save their marriage.


2. Avoid to call pet names

Helmer, the husband of Nora arrives home from the office and found his wife busy in opening parcels of the gifts she has bought from shops.

Despite the fact that Helmer does not like the overspending habits of his wife, he calls her by lot of pet names like skylark, squirrel and squander-bird.

A lot of pet names should ring a danger bell in your ears.

Quinine is always sugar- coated.

Excessive polite persons are dangerous.

They are not newlywed couple. Nora is already mother of two children. Any wife should be proud of being called by so many pet names by her husband. A wise wife would be suspicious.

3. Debts may ruin a relationship:

Helmer believes “a home that is founded on debts and borrowings can never be a place of freedom and beauty”.

Wrong act for a right cause does not justify the action. Nora borrowed money for the treatment of her husband. Helmer needed a change of weather  to recover from an ailment. Nora borrowed the money from a crook Krogstad by forging documents.

Nora has acted just against the philosophy of her husband. She knew very well how much her husband hated borrowing money.

If we know Nora we cannot overrule the possibility that she herself was interested in a tour to Italy. It was her long awaited cherished dream.

Even if she went with the pious objective to save the life of Helmer, she did the folly of hiding the fact from the husband.

Her husband remained under the impression that she has inherited money from deceased father.

Helmer was a lawyer and a banker. He could have arranged financing. What tempted Nora to manage finances on her own. It is illegal for a wife to borrow money without the knowledge of her husband.

4. One lie leads to another

Nora accepts that she wants money in the gift. She always needs money to pay the installments to Krogstad.

Later, Helmer, while returning home saw Krogstad  depart. He asks Nora if there was any visitor and she declines. Helmer says ““A songbird must have a clean beak to sing with, otherwise she will start twittering out of tune.”

Helmer is of the view ‘‘an atmosphere of lies contaminates and poisons every corner of the home. Every breath that the children draw in such a house contains the germ of the evil.”

5. Fruitless Efforts

Helmer reminds her how Nora tried to surprise him on Christmas by making flowers which were later ruined by a cat, before she could gift them on Christmas.

Helmer says those were the most boring three weeks of his life when Nora shut her up in a room to prepare surprise gift for him. But Nora did not find it boring, despite the fact all her efforts remained fruitless.

Nora has her obsessions and she is self centered also. She does not care if her husband suffers a boredom so far as she enjoys making flowers. For her, making flowers is more important than providing a company to her husband.

Helmer says “You simply wanted to make us happy , and that’s all that matters”.

But that’s not all that matters, obviously. Fruitless efforts to make marriage work does more harm than good.

6. Female friends of wife

They are a potential threat to marriage. Mrs.Linde, who is a childhood friend of Nora is frequently visiting Nora’s home. She becomes jealous of her happy life. She is also an ex lover of Krogstad, and now has a plan to rejuvenate her relationship. Helmer hates Krogstad and has removed him from bank job. Nora, innocently or foolishly shares her secret with her best friend. Later, when Krogstad writes a letter to Helmer, disclosing the secret of Nora, Mrs. Linde stops him from withdrawing the letter, though she knew it would destroy the marriage of her best friend.

Shakespeare says “ Frailty, thy name is woman”, That frailty might be jealousy also.

When Nora suggests her to take a break, Mrs. Linde retorts “I have no papa to pay for my holidays, Nora”. The spite is evident.

7. Money matters

Most of the girls would prefer a rich husband. Ideally, they would circumvent the truth to sound as if of high morale.

Mrs. Linde ditched penniless Krogstad to marry a man who was well off, so that he would take care of her aged mother and two minor brothers.

8. We owe each other

Nora has an argument “he is so proud of being a man-it’d so painful and humiliating for him to know that he owed anything to me. It’d completely wreck our relationship.”

Nora does not cut on luxuries of her husband or needs of her children, but cut expenses on her cloth to pay installments. She also earns money by copying.

"It was almost like being a man"- she says.

She is not satisfied with her role of wife and mother. It gives her pleasure to act like man, to earn money. It serves her egocentric need of an identity.

9. Guilt destroys the fun

The whole story is fabricated on the lie told by Nora. Nora is constantly suffering from a guilty conscience.

10. Jealous husbands are not necessarily loving husband.

In Act 2 Nora says to her friend “Torvald is so hopelessly in love with me that he wants to have me all to himself”.

A possessive husband is no guarantee of true love.

Nora represents the entire generation of women who are sick of being possessed. The protection or security promised by husband doesn’t come cheap. Women feel a loss of identity in their traditional role model. A husband as a companion should help in her search. Only a insecure husband would say what Helmer says “I shall watch over like a hunted dove which I  have snatched unharmed from the claws of falcon.”

Helmer had conditioned the mind of Nora by constantly comparing her with bird and squirrel. In his opinion, no woman was more than that.

When he reads the letter of Krogstad his true character is revealed. It is an eye opener for Nora. Helmer loves his own reputation more than he loves Nora. Nora was crestfallen, she imagined that her loving and caring husband would take the blame of forgery to save her.  

When this realisation precipitates, she takes her decision.“I must stand on my own feet if I am to find out truth about myself and about life.”

Nora walks out from stage and also from the life of Helmer.

Related Topics

[* © Vipin Behari Goyal *]

Advocate, Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur, India   Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/09/a-dolls-house-by-ibsen-novel-that-can.html


Management Skills in Literature

   Best Lessons to Learn From ‘The Old Man and the Sea’

Summary of the book

The Old Man and the Sea is a long story. The main character, Santiago, is a Spanish fisherman in Cuba. He is so unlucky that he could not find a single fish for 84 days.. His only friend is a young boy, Manolin, who has faith in him despite the disapproval of his family.

One day, after a dream about his youth, Santiago takes his boat out farther than any of the other fisherman. He hooks a marlin, but it takes him two nights and two days to battle the fish to the point of exhaustion. When the fish is finally defeated, Santiago is exhausted and wounded he sails to the shore with  the massive fish carcass

Santiago starts sailing home, but the bleeding fish carcass, which he has roped to the side of the boat, attracts sharks. Santiago battles the sharks unsuccessfully. There are too many of them and they eat the flesh off the fish. When Santiago finally makes it back home with the skeleton, he leaves the skeleton by the boat and carries the mast of the boat back to his home. Once home, he collapses in bed and falls asleep.

Meanwhile, the villagers see the skeleton and are impressed by its length. Manolin, relieved that Santiago is safe again, makes plans with him to go fishing together. Santiago falls back asleep and dreams the same dream that prompted him to go fishing in the first place. 

Ernest Hemingway Author of ‘The Old Man and the Sea

The Old Man and The Sea is the best book to learn management skills.

This small story (27000 words) teaches some of the best lessons any book of Literature can teach:

Since all lessons are important, we will not prioritize them, we will learn as we read the story.

1. Facial Expression:

Face is the index of mind, and it definitely is. Whatever goes in mind is reflected on the face. Hiding emotions is not treachery, but a much required skill. You have to suffer your own grief, nobody would share it.

Author describes Santiago

“Everything about him was old, except his eyes and they were the same color as the sea and were cheerful and undefeated.”

If the face is the index of mind, the eyes are an index of the soul. You can only be cheerful if you are undefeated.

2. Stay with Good Luck All successful people are superstitious. So do not mind being superstitious. Read more here.
p. The Old man had taught the boy to fish and the boy loved him. He offers to accompany The old man. The old man says

“You’re with a lucky boat. Stay with them.”

The old man would have loved the company of the boy. He is not selfish. He asked him to stay with lucky boat. When you find luck is in your favour chase it.

3. Treat Young as Equals

There is a gap in the age of the old man and the boy. They are the two persons who have worked together to achieve the same objective. The boy offers the old man beer, the old man says

“Why not”? “Between Fishermen”.

This is how you boost the morale of apprentice young man. Treat them equally.

4. Catch them Young

When the apprentice becomes senior they like to share reminiscences of the old days. The boy asked what was his age when he first went for the fishing expedition with him. The old man says

“Five and you nearly were killed when I brought the fish in too green and he nearly tore the boat to pieces.”

This develops a bonding. If you are young find your mentor, if old, find your disciple.

5. Humility is best quality

Wisdom comes with old age. The old man shares his wisdom which are the crux of his experiences. He says

“He was too simple to wonder when he had attained humility. But he knew he had attained it and he knew it was not disgraceful and it carried no loss of true pride.”

Humility is not something you are born with. It is a quality you have to attain. So attain it.

6. Be Hopeful

Hope is not an isolated quality. It is outcome of many qualities that determine your mindset. The old man says

“Tomorrow is going to be a good day with this current”.

In his hopefulness is hidden his experience. He understands current. His words are words of an authority.

Use your wisdom for evoking optimism.

7. Take precautions

“No one would steal from the old man but it was better to take the sail and the heavy lines home as the dew was bad for them…”.

When you take all due precautions you have a peace of mind. That is more valuable than the labour you put in.

8. Law of attraction

Few lines of conversation between the old man and the boy.

'I may eat the rice cold' -the old man

'May I take the cast net?' -the boy


“There was no cast net and the boy remembered when they had sold it. But they went through this fiction every day. There was no pot of yellow rice and the fish and boy knew this too.”

They are working on Law of Attraction to fulfill their wishes.

9. Do not borrow

The old man did not like the idea of borrowing. As an individual one must avoid to borrow the money. Instead, manage within your financial limit. The old man says

“I try not to borrow. First you borrow. Then you beg.”

Try not to borrow, but if it is inevitable borrow. Take care that you don’t end up begging.

10. Time management

It is one of the basic requirements to manage your affairs.

‘Age is my alarm clock,‘the old man said. ‘Why do old men wake so early? Is it to have one longer day?’

If you wake up early you have earned a long day. You can utilise those extra few hours to accomplish your target to clear pending list.

11. Multi tasking

See what The old man did when he sailed in the sea for fishing.

“Before it was really light, he had his baits out and was drifting with the current. One bait was down forty fathoms. The second was at seventy-five, and the the third and fourth were down in the blue water at one hundred and one hundred and twenty five fathoms.”

The old man has thrown baits at different depths. He wants to explore the sea fully. He is reducing the risk of failure.

Don’t depend on one client or one project or one company. Go for diversification.

12. Be precise

Precision improves your confidence. The old man says

“But I would rather be exact. Then when luck comes you are ready.”

Mere precision may not be guarantee of your success. But when time is favourable it would help.

13.Keep Yourself Fit

Your ambitions, hard work and all efforts will go waste if you are not fit to enjoy the fruits of your success. Or, if you collapse when success was imminent.

See, what the old man did to keep himself fit.

“He ate white egg to give himself strength.”

“He also drank a cup of Shark liver oil each day.”

14. Avoid babbling

The old man has a conviction

“It was considered a virtue not to talk unnecessarily at sea and the old man had always considered it so and respected it.”

In a meeting you are at sea. Avoid talking unnecessarily.

15. Distraction is bad

 The old man thinks

“Now is no time to think of baseball. Now is the time to think of only one thing.”

Stay focused. The mind has a tendency to distract. With strong will power and auto suggestion it can be trained to focus.

16. Understand Conditioned Mind

Your colleague and clients have a conditioned mind, even if you are open mind. Your client had a bitter experience with another agency so he is very cautious, let him take his time, do not push.

“May be he has been hooked before and he remembers something of it.”

Give this chance to everybody.

17. Keep Plan B ready

When a big fish was hooked the old man was full of anxiety.

“What I will do if he decides to go down I will do something . There are plenty of things I can do”.

There is always a chance of unexpected failure. So be prepared with your action plan.

18. Know the strength of your enemies

The old man thinks

“I wish I could see him only once to know what I have against me”.

Never underestimate your enemies. Mobilize your resources and collect all possible information about your enemies.

19. Don’t do anything stupid

Temptations are human weakness. Never, never fall for them. You can ruin your entire career and may be life just by falling for a temptation.

“Then he thought, think of it always. Think of what you are doing. You must do nothing stupid.”

20. Take your Chances

No risk, no gain. Take your chances. Leap in the blind. Be courageous.

“Take a good rest, small bird,he said.’ Then go in and take your chance like any man or bird or fish.”

21. Be Practical

Sermons do not help when it comes to brass tacks. The old man says

“There is no sense in being anything but practical though”.

22. Do not admit suffering

Kings, Leaders, Mangers and Saints never admit their suffering. Neither did the old man.

“He was comfortable but suffering, although he did not admit the suffering at all.”

23. Each time is New time

“Each time was a new time and he never thought about the past when he was doing it.”

That’s our old man. Despite the old age he has a sharp clarity of thought.

24 Heal your damages

“There is much slave work to be done now that the fight is over.”

Once you have accomplished your mission, evaluate your damages and repair them.

25. Fooled by randomness

Never think that you won because you were more intelligent than your enemies.

“But I was more intelligent than he was. Perhaps not, he thought. Perhaps I was only better armed.”

26. Keep your Conscience alive

“Perhaps it was a sin to kill the fish. I suppose it was even though I did it to keep me alive and feed many people. But then everything is a sin.”

Someone has to die when the lion feeds. So do not worry about sins committed for broader welfare of the humanity.

27. Do not frequent Danger Zone

The old man realizes that he crossed his limits of learning zone and entered into a danger zone. He had a hallucination of his comfort zone when he was exhausted. He also remembered his learning zone, but he regrets having entered the danger zone.

“I shouldn’t have gone out so far, fish. He said’ neither for you nor for me. I am sorry, fish.”

28. Next Expedition

Be prepared for next expedition as soon as first is over. The book begins and ends with the dreaming old man. He dreams about lions.

“The old man was dreaming about lions”. is the last line of the story that suggest the old man is ready for next expedition.

© Vipin Behari Goyal

Advocate, Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur, India  Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/09/management-skills-in-literature.html


Judicial Activism Precedes Military Activism: Travesty of Justice

Justice Delayed is Justice Denied, Active Judiciary v/s Judicial Activism

When the judiciary acts like a legislature than it is called “Judicial Activism”. It has opened the gate for Public Interest Litigation. PIL was meant to provide redress to downtrodden and marginalised people.

However, its scope kept on increasing and recently PILs were filed seeking ban on films (Bajrangi Bhaijaan and Mohalla Assi) or to search missing persons like Rahul Gandhi which had no relevance to the life of a common man. On the other hand, some important PIL like caste survey before deciding reservation quota were found unworthy.

[* Black’s Law Dictionary*] defines judicial activism as a “philosophy of judicial decision-making whereby judges allow their personal views about public policy, among  other factors, to guide their decisions.”

The Judicial activism is usually appreciated by the media and intellectual elite for dynamism and creativity. The Judiciary has earned applaud for rebuking and compelling top brass executives to perform their duties. The Bureaucracy has a tarnished image. It has become callous and redundant. The entire system gives an impression of Mafioso working on the direction of some invisible Don, who are political head or their close relatives. Some scholars like Prof. Upendra Baxi think that it may lead to terrorism, extremism and discontentment in other organs of democratic setup.

In the words of Justice J.S Verma under whom I had an opportunity to work, Judicial Activism must necessarily mean “ the active process of implementation of the rule of law, essential for the preservation of a functional democracy”. The Judiciary comes out from traditional image and acts as trustee of social justice. However the transgression is seen as tyranny by the few. Soli J Sorabji said Judicial Activism has contributed to the protection of fundamental human rights.

Social Scientist wonder that what would be the limit of Judicial Activism. After administration and the legislature who could be their next target? Is there any organ of the constitution, which has potential to come out of shell of traditional role model and be more dynamic.

T. N. Sheshan was first Chief Election Commissioner to become popular by exercising his powers to curb corruption in the election process. He did not cross the boundaries of his function, he simply established them by operating the established system.

T. N. Chaturvedi who remained Comptroller and Auditor General of India, in his report exposed the corrupt practices in Bofor’s Deal. After that C & AG has exposed 2G, 3G and Coal Gate scandals. Everything has been done within the framework of prescribed duties. Once I met Mr. T. N. Chaturvedi in circuit house, Jodhpur he talked about ‘integrity’. It was a wonderful experience to hear the views of an eminent scholar. He had mustered  activism in Audit as Sheshan did in Election process.

Bollywood movie [* “Holiday- A Soldier is Never Off Duty” *] is remake of Tamil Movie Thuppakki. Akshay Kumar a military officer  who is on holiday witnesses a bomb explosion and killing of innocent people. He decides to forgo his holiday and on his own eliminates criminals in an action packed drama. The Movie raises a question. Is it justified for military official to combat internal enemies of society. After all, they too are custodians of sovereignty of the country. Activism in forces could be dangerous for any democratic country.

Chief Justice R. M. Lodha, Supreme Court of India has expressed concern over piling of cases in courts across the country. As on today more than 63000 cases are pending in the Supreme Court. In High Court and Subordinate courts the number is alarming. He suggested that vacations system must be scrapped and courts should remain open all year.

Justice V. Ramaswami who is the first judge against whom impeachment proceedings were initiated talks about accountability in Judicial System when he came to visit JNV University, Jodhpur.

Lord Widgery, Lord Chief Justice of England since 1971 to 1980, said that “the best judge is the man who should not court publicity and should work in such a way that they don’t catch the eyes of the newsmen”. Lord Hailsham said that the “best judges are those who do not find their names in the The Daily Mail and still, who abhor it”

Justice Guman Mal Lodha in his book Judiciary: Law, Morality Politics says that judges should have a poetic sensibility and artistic creativity. They are the combination of the Historian, Philosopher and a Prophet.

Supreme Court opened at midnight for the first time to reject last minute plea filed by Yakub Menon.

[* © Vipin Behari Goyal *] Advocate, Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur, India   Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/09/judicial-activism-precedes-military.html


Mortal Sins By Immortal Men

Why Bapu Asaram is Still Behind Bars?

[*                                                                                     Bapu by Newswala*]

The bureaucracy, the legislature and Judiciary of any country when determines to harass any citizen of that country, they always succeed by making a mountain of a molehill. The story of religious head Bapuji is almost similar. It was pre decided to harass him and then a case was fabricated. Bapu like an innocent child walked into a trap. Wilbur Smith in his adventure stories of South Africa has described a similar trap used by Zulu tribes.

Enough has been written about the case. The details of the incident, efforts made by the police to prove the charges and appearance of national level advocate to defend Bapu, many petitions by a defense lawyer, violent demonstration of followers and disciples have remained the headlines of the newspapers for long. But nothing seems to be working. Every time Bapu was brought to court, huge mass gathered around Jail and Court, and Newspapers flashed pictures of Bapu, sometime gloomy and pleading mercy, sometime jovial and fully confident that nothing bad could happen to him.

Bapu is accused of sexually molesting a minor girl. That girl was a student of one of the many charity institutions run by Bapu and his follower. The girl was brought to the private chamber of Bapu for cure by tantric rituals. Her parents who were staunch follower of Bapu were sitting outside. They had given implied consent for treatment. Read more about such tantric rituals in Maya. p. All religious institutions all over the world are accused of corruption from time to time. Often we hear the same thing about churches. The priest and clergy are accused of the same crimes as levied against various Gurus and Mahant (Head of a sect). If the Government or King runs a campaign to clear the corruption of all religious institutions by enacting laws and constituting commissions for all religious bodies, it could be appreciated by the common man. But when some isolated people are targeted  and made to suffer, the society does not approve of it. The ruling party or Kings have always supported a particular religion or sect to gain political strength. Politics is like a prostitute, it has no character. The political ideology becomes secondary when the leader of ruling party wants to weaken the radical forces within his own party. The cost is the life of a scapegoat and that scapegoat is Bapuji. Andrew Greeley was an American Roman Catholic priest. He wrote many novels exposing the corruption in churches. He said his books are ”less erotic than the Song of Songs in the scriptures.”^[^He insisted that from what they heard in confession from women, priests probably knew more about marriage than most married men; and he drew on this knowledge to write a marital advice book he called Sexual Intimacy (1988). The Priestly Sins (2004), a novel about a young priest who is exiled to an insane asylum and then to an academic life because he reports abuse that he has witnessed. Bollywood movie SINS was inspired by a true incident. The Catholic Priest of a small village in Kerala exploits a young student of Nursing College to quench his lust. The movie was banned to appease the Christian community and due to explicit scenes. p. Louise Kretzschmar  in her paper presented in Church Ethics Commission has raised the issue that “Do religious leaders teach the people in power- be it political, business or religious, to resist the temptation  of greed, corruption and selfish behavior.

All religious heads are human being though they are expected to behave as superhuman. There is nothing wrong with it. How a religious head would be different from a common man, if he too falls to temptation.

The protection of children from sexual offenses (POCSO) Act 2012 is elaborate act and covers all aspects. The said Act defines a child as any person below eighteen years of age, and defines different forms of sexual abuse, including penetrative and non-penetrative assault, as well as sexual harassment and pornography, and deems a sexual assault to be “aggravated” under certain circumstances, such as when the abused child is mentally ill or when the abuse is committed by a person in a position of trust or authority vi’s-à-is the child, like a family member, police officer, teacher, or doctor. Read about legitimate violation of the act in “The Old Man”.   p. The birth certificate is issued by local bodies like Municipal Corporation in urban areas and Gram Panchayat in rural areas. Since two out of five births takes place at home the medical certificate is not mandatory to obtain a birth certificate. Some modern scientific techniques must be adopted to ascertain the age of victim. The birth certificate is not authentic proof of age in this country. According to a report Devdasi System is still prevalent in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana provinces of India. It may be prevalent in other state also. It is socially accepted exploitation system of minor girls by priests in the name of religion. Are we able to stop that? Does the law of the land applies on them? Or they have some different set of rules. p. The Bapu did not rape the girl. Medical Examination has proved that. If properly argued the bail is imminent in this case.

© Vipin Behari GoyalAdvocate, Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur, India  Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/09/mortal-sins-by-immortal-men.html


Selfie and Good Manners ~ Learn from Kate Nash

Good Manners are important or not?

The views of song writer Kate Nash about Selfie has ensued a fresh debate about good manners versus modern manners.

 There are already well defined set of manners for all occasions. We are taught Table manners, bathroom manners and Bed Room manners. There are well defined manners for host and guest, children and elders, for male and females for every activity under the sky.

When net became popular netiquette were formed, when Social media became popular more rules and Do’s and Don’ts were imposed upon users not only by society but by websites also. Many accounts were deleted on account of violation of terms and condition, by many social media websites. All those manners were later enacted by society so that violators can be prosecuted. It is called the Information Technology Act 2006, in India.

Other manners were codified but not enacted, since they were not dangerous to society. If you do not say Good Morning to your teachers or parents, they could mind it and may rebuke you, but they can’t compel you to do so by law. If a soldier or constable does not salute to his superior officer, disciplinary action would be taken against him.

When any activity becomes popular and it has some dangerous side effects than people show their concern and a caution is issued. This is what happened when Kate Nash condemned the selfie taken at memorial service of Nelson Mandela. Selfie is now an obsession. There is nothing wrong with it. A fine way to show self dependence. But something wrong has also happened. Some people have died while taking a selfie. They were drowned in a lake or sea, crushed by passing vehicle or fell down from the roof. Some young teenage girls were blackmailed by ex boyfriends for private clicks. Society needs security. They want to find out a way to stop the misuse of selfie. Many countries have imposed the ban on use of selfie stick. It is a metal rod which can take selfie from forty inch distance. Mumbai Police does not find it appropriate that unmarried men and women should take selfie. They think that their closeness to “fit in” the picture is immoral.Belfie or bottom selfie has been banned by many social media websites. Instagram has banned women buttock selfie or belfie causing some uproar in feminist. What would be next, is anybody’s guess. p. The celebs have played a great role in promoting the craze of selfie. Prince Charles did it with 12 years old school girl and seasoned politician like Barak and Modi also do it frequently.

Selfie is Narcissistic phenomenon. It shows extreme selfishness and self centeredness of society. There is no doubt in last few years we have become that.

W.B.Yeats in his poem “The Second Coming” says

The best lack all conviction, while the worst

Are full of passionate intensity.

T.S.Eliot in his long poem The wasteland has depicted a vast panorama of futility and anarchy, for which Yeats says “Things fall apart, the centre cannot hold”. The present age of emotional sterility, void due to lack of purpose and fear due to advancement in technology is shaping our future. The Third Wave or The Second Coming is expected.

Dangerous Selfies are killing people every day. In the picture below all of them died because one lost his balance while getting up and pulled others. Sa

In another similar incident at Murud Beach 14 students drowned when a big wave carried them away while taking Selfie.

 Why Good Manners? Does manners makes a man ? Or man makes manners?. We created God who created us. How simple? Egg or Hen? p. OK, take selfie, but be little less selfish. Think of less privileged from you and don’t take selfie with them, if really you don’t have any compassion for them.

© Vipin Behari GoyalAdvocate, Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur, India Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/08/selfie-and-good-manners-learn-from-kate.html


High Profile Crime and Punishment

High Profile Murder Cases Mystery

 [* Property is Murder~ Fyodor Dostoevsky *]

According to an old Indian proverb there are three root causes of all crimes viz. Money (Jar), Woman (Joru) and Jameen (Property).

Dostoevsky encapsulate all the three into one-property. Money is a kind of property, and in patriarchal society women were also property.

Excessive wealth, money or property and beautiful wife or wives, concubine, mistresses or affairs lead to crime. Otherwise also first is a prerequisite for second vice.

You cannot be rich without being criminal.

It is a bitter truth. Violation of law, tax evasion, blackmailing, enticing a rich partner for marriage, forgery, conning, hiding a fact and playing immoral tricks with competitors are the games people play to be successful.

Unfortunately in this world success has become the only criterion of right or wrong. Worldly achievements are the yardstick of success.

We have witnessed many high profile murder cases in the past. Tandoor Murder case, when a husband killed his wife and roasted her in tandoor. Jessica Lall a high profile bartender girl refused to serve wine after closing hours and was shot dead, Arushi Murder Case when a Doctor couple caught their minor daughter  in an awkward position with home servant and killed both of them Sunanda Shashi Tharoor, who was found dead in her hotel room in mysterious circumstances and Bhanwari Devi Murder case in which Bhanwari a medical nurse was murdered and two suspects one of whom was powerful Minister are still behind the bars. 

Pramod Mahajan a BJP leader and fundraiser for the party was shot dead by his own brother Parvin Mahajan. Parvin Mahajan was a stooge who also died in dubious circumstances when he was on parole. Bibek Maitra who was secretary to Pramod Mahajan was killed by overdose of drugs in the bungalow owned by Pramod Mahajan. Pramod Mahajan was charged by an IPS officer’s wife for killing Shivani Bhatnagar, the Indian Express journalist. Rahul Mahajan, son of Pramod Mahajan is prankster, divorced his first wife and selected second wife through a reality show.

The family saga can put any crime thriller, suspense, treachery, lewd story writer to shame.

The list is long, cases continue in the court for many years till long channel of Judicial system is exhausted by top lawyers hired by high profiles and the whole purpose of justice is defeated.

Common man already knows, what would be the end of it. He reads the news as he reads some crime and thriller magazine  story without correlating himself with the incident.

The poor and middle class crime riddles are solved easily. First, they do not have enough money to hire top advocates, and second, Police does not hesitate in using third degree method to extort the truth from them.

If you have enough money to spend on Police and Judicial System, and have no political enemy, chances are that you would not remain behind the bar for a single night  even if you have committed some heinous crime. Even by chance, if your custody is granted to the police, you can manage five star hotel treatment in Jail.

William Congreve in his book “Way of the World” has shown many hidden faces of elite society. Multiple marriages, illicit affairs, forged documentation are also part of the game the goal of which is to acquire property. Love without money is an empty dream. Money may ultimately corrupt even the pure love.

Shobha De an Indian author had been writing novels and stories about socialites and their private life.

After the success of  soap opera “Missing” a similar TV serial “Trisha” was produced in India last year. It was a high profile drama of young girl Trisha who was kidnapped by her own uncle for property disputes followed by the murder of Trisha’s father.

Indrani and Sheena

Two years back a young high profile girl Sheena 24, was found missing from a suburb of Mumbai. Now her mother, Indrani Mukherjee ex-cine star has been arrested for alleged conspiracy of her daughter’s murder. Indrani’s  husband Peter Mukherjee, who is Ex-CEO of Star India TV channel has expressed ignorance over the fact that his wife was already married twice before she married him. Indrani introduced Sheena as siblings to her present husband. Peter had two sons from his ex-wife. One of them Rahul is said to have incestuous relation with her step sister Sheena. Are you intrigued? Wait, more facts are yet to be revealed.

1 September 2015

Some shocking facts have come to light: Indrani was sexually molested by her own father when young and Sheena may possibly have born out of  a physical relationship between Indrani and her father Upendra Kumar Bora. 

Indrani herself is not biological daughter of Upendra Kumar Bohra. 

Sheena Bora was pregnant at the time of her murder.May be by her own step-brother? 

One more in the series is murder of Hema and her lawyer. Hema is an artist and her husband is prime accused in the case. This case would meet the same fate as that of all other high profile crime cases.

The old man and the Nymph published in 2014 had exposed almost similar life style and it was severely criticised by puritanical reviewers. I wish they read it again in the light of these cases.  p. It’s no wonder Truth is stranger than fiction.~ Mark Twain

© Vipin Behari GoyalAdvocate, Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur, India Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/08/high-profile-crime-and-punishment.html


Anger in Love : Love in Anger

How Anger Enhances Beauty

  Keats (Sketch by Charles Brown)

John Keats in his poem “Ode on Melancholy” says:

Or if thy mistress some rich anger shows,

       Emprison her soft hand, and let her rave,

               And feed deep, deep upon her peerless eyes.

She dwells with Beauty—Beauty that must die;

       And Joy, whose hand is ever at his lips

The most sensuous man, the man who could "burst Joy's grape against his palate fine," suggests that even if your beautiful mistress shows rich anger- now, why she would show a rich anger? - Either she is offended by your gestures and advances or you have tactlessly proposed her. Can a lady be ever offended by a proposal howsoever tactless it may be. No. So naturally poet thinks that being passionate and eager  some liberties were taken which offended lady, since no lady, especially the beautiful ones likes to be taken for granted.

Even then you must not be disappointed. Actually, that is the threshold of victory. If you surrender and apologize you will look down lifelong before her. You would be the joke she would tell in parties that how a little rebuke was enough to set you off.

So, go a step ahead, when discarded imprison her soft hand. Holding hand is one of the most acceptable form of romantic gesture. That is the territory, even for the noblest of lady. Imprisoning the hand is just one step further than holding the hand. It is a gesture in which you hold both of her hands in between your hands. It shows urgency, intimacy, persuasion, pleading and also thrust, power and authority.

When you are not discouraged by her rebuke and still go further and hold her hand tightly, she is taken aback. She is enraged and scorns at you in delirium.

Now look at her:

Her face is flushed. Her cheeks are crimson, and rest of her face has shades of pink up to her throat, her quivering earlobes are pink and translucent, her eyes are red with some pink threads, her voice is hoarse and husky as if groaning sub vocally, her body trembles and convulse every now and then, her breathing is heavy and uneven, and  her heaving bosom is rising and falling spasmodically.

What would you say- Is it anger or passion?

That is the beauty of it. The physical expressions of anger and passion are same. So if you don’t succeed in arousing the passion arouse the anger and you would reap the same crop.

Now the context of these lines is melancholy. A feast on beauty is way out of melancholy.

Anger is an unconscious bargaining power. Most of the time beautiful girls pretend to be angry to enhance their bargaining power. They use it  to add little more fuel to the fire. It is an indirect message that she deserves a better treatment. If you do not reconcile some benefit or advantage would be denied to you. What is that? Your every guess would fail, and you would suffer a loss without ever knowing about it.

All beautiful and attractive women of the world have an idea of the this social leverage that God has bestowed on them.

Could I come near your beauty with my nails, I could set my ten commandments in your face. ~ Henry VI, Part Two by William Shakespeare

That’s a catfight. A gentleman should always remain away and ignorant of it.

Tibetan scholars who were unable to find a rational argument about beauty have ultimately concluded that “for the poet, everything is beautiful” We can concede or deny the statement if you have a clear notion of what poetry is, and who is a poet?

 The sixth Dalai Lama, Tsangyang Gyatso says:

The season of flowers is over

Bee, don’t be sad

My lover’s life is spent

I should not be sad

Beauty in the poetry sense is not sensuous, it moves from the real base of mind to the new realm that is the subject matter of the poetry.

This kind of beauty cannot be destroyed by place, time or condition.

That is why the poet exclaims “A thing of beauty is joy forever.”

In Alexander Pope’s play “The rape of the Lock” Belinda a character based on Arabella , a prominent beauty queen of aristocratic society is subjected to such a rage, resentment and despair that she finds following to be a trifle compared to her agony.

Not youthful kings in battle seized alive,

Not scornful virgins who their charms survive,

Not ardent lovers robbed of all their bliss,

Not ancient ladies when refused a kiss…

E’er felt such rage, resentment and despair.

The Baron, who could manage to cut off a coveted lock of Belinda’s hair though she had been warned since morning by good angels about the danger.

But when to mischief mortals bend their will,

How soon they find fit instrument of ill !!

Where there is will there is a way. Baron finds an accomplice who offers him a scissors to cut a lock of Belinda in the same way arms were offered to Knights departing for battlefields. Love is War.

Ariel “watched the ideas rising in her mind, and despite pretense of Belinda to the contrary found ‘an earthly lover lurking at her heart’. Ariel was amazed and confused and found his power of protection has vanished and withdrew along with all his spirits.

The moment she has a weakness for Baron the good angels had to fly away.

That’s true. Every beautiful woman is protected by good angels. They protect her from miscreants. Unless the woman has some soft corner for her paramour she is safe. You need to pursue a little harder and wait for the moment when she would be most vulnerable.

[* © Vipin Behari Goyal *] Advocate, Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur, India Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/08/anger-in-love-love-in-anger.html


Religion and Cult :Radhey Maa

Celebration of Joy
p.                                                                                                        Osho by Drawing Portrait
p. When You Celebrate, the Whole Existence Participates with You

“I celebrate myself, and I hope soon the day will come you will be celebrating yourself. And when thousands and thousands of people around the earth are celebrating, singing, dancing, ecstatic, drunk with the divine, there is no possibility of any global suicide.”-Osho

A religion is an old cult. A cult is new religious movement. – biography.

Cult accepts religion as its source of origin, but religion does not accept cult. Religion is conservative and cult is modern and liberal.

Radhey Maa and numerous like her are cults that enriches religion. Religion is fear, cult is hope. p. To an extent you can generate fear and exploit the people, but after that it is a celebration of joy that liberates people from fear and enjoy religion.

Radhey Maa is pioneer of the new cult in Religion. In many cults like Nagas and Digambar Jains nakedness was a code. But females were not permitted to join such cults.

Condemnation by media has proved that Radhey Maa has a point to make. The media is so sensitive about its own freedom but surprisingly callous when it comes to freedom of speech and expressions by others. How does it matter that Radhey Maa is dancing in mini skirt and sits in the lap of man, so far as no law of the land is broken. Osho (from Sex to Superconsciousness) also faced media trial for his meditation camps. During Meditation his followers and disciples use to dance and reached to ecstasy oblivious of clothes. p. When Adam and Eve decided to cover the private parts, civilisation started. Civilisation is the cause of all sufferings. So the cult of nudist is in vogue.

The Soul doesn’t have a gender. The religion is path of the soul. It wants to see beyond gender.

In Buddhism the follower of Vajrayogini believes that Vajrayogini manifests herself in the enjoyment form which is beyond this world. Therefore, the deity is beyond gender and beyond discrimination.

A few years back One Indian Police Officer of Director General rank D.K.Panda declared himself as Doosri Radha that is second Radha and resigned from his job. He use to sing on roads dressed up as a bride and beloved of Lord Krishna “Radha”, wearing anklets, a nose ring and vermilion on his forehead and a duptta. He sings and dances on roads. Any Psychiatrist would not hesitate to identify it as perversion of transgender. Panda is not alone, he got famous because he was a high placed Police official, there are thousands of followers who worship Krishna dressed up as Radha. The name Radha itself is highly symbolic. If read in reverse order it is Dhara which means flow or stream. It is flow of energy in our body. It has downward trend that is why Radha. By meditation the energy is directed upwards. It can either be done by hard penance or by rituals of Tantra. In tantra the female power (yum) plays an important role. Read Maya. p. D.H.Lawrence faced severe criticism from many feminist like Kate Millet. They brutally assaulted and labeled him misogynist. He is also one of the authors most read by women. Like E.L.James is more read and admired by the females. No feminist approves of such authors, though paradoxically they are more adored by females.

Aristotle said there is no such thing as hot water, but only hot water in some container.

Isolated truth, without a context is farce.

Luke 7:37 says that Jesus accepted the perfume brought by sinful woman.

So what is the harm if Radhey Maa accepts mini skirt, wears it and dances in that, for the amusement of her disciples.

1.September 2015

People of dubious past and character like [* Rahul Mahajan ]and [*Dolly Bindra] have waged a war against religious head and celebrities to serve ulterior purpose of their own. The lacuna in the system of bureaucracy and legislature, greedy media and weaknesses of celebrities are their weapons of extortion.

Also read Why Bapu Asaram is Still Behind Bars?

© Vipin Behari Goyal

Advocate, Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur, India Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/08/religion-and-cult-radhey-maa.html


Slumber is More Sweet Than Toil

                                                 [Lord Tennyson and Bertrand Russell Photo By CC]

Alfred, Lord Tennyson in his poem Lotus-Eaters has praised the slumber. The brave and courageous Ulysses finds himself defeated by arguments of his mariners :

All things have rest: why should we toil alone,

We only toil, who are the first of things,

And make perpetual moan,

Still from one sorrow to another thrown:

Marines didactically prove the superiority of slumber:

All things have rest, and ripen toward the grave

In silence; ripen, fall and cease:

Give us long rest or death, dark death, or dreamful ease.

Ultimately Ulysses finds himself cornered and he has no argument in favour of hard work, toil and working endlessly. None of the living being is doing so in the nature. So he yields to the wishes of his fellow mariners:

Surely, surely, slumber is more sweet than toil, the shore

Than labor in the deep mid-ocean, wind and wave and oar;

O, rest ye, brother mariners, we will not wander more.

The virtues of Laziness are yet to be explored. Tennyson has given arguments from mariners who are mostly not so well educated, but their arguments are so down to earth that not only Ulysses is speechless, but even today the readers are left astounded by strength of arguments.

Intellectuals have read Bertrand Russell’s views on the virtue of idleness. Still more inquisitive have read the Zen which emphasise on quality of life. The leisure and recreation are important determinants of quality of life. p. One esteemed member of “Lazy Club” was spotted driving fast by another member. In next meeting he was served a show cause notice. He explained that by mistake he had pressed the accelerator that day and then was too lazy to remove his foot from it. Undoubtedly he won the trophy for laziness.

Many times laziness is camouflage in action.

Remember, what T. S. Eliot says about action in his play “Murder in the Cathedral”.

“Action is suffering and suffering action”

There cannot be better condensation   of thoughts evaporated by hard boiled brain storming.

All the suffering of the world comes from action. All of us suffer the pain of death whether we work hard or sit idly. Everyone suffers from Final action that is death. If we make efforts to escape that final action or even have fear of it, which again is action, we suffer more. So action and inaction have the same significance.

A sanskrit verse says

“Those who work hard to acquire knowledge die,

Those who sit idle and remain ignorant too die,

Then what is the use of clattering the teeth.”

(In ancient time initial knowledge was acquired by cramming.)

Robert Browning in his poem “Rabbi-Ben-Ezra” 

“Not on the vulgar mass

Called ‘work’ must sentence pass

Things done,that took the eye and had the price

O’er which, from level stand,

The low world laid its hand,

Found straightway to its mind, could value in a trice.

You are trying to weigh diamonds on hay scale (Phelps). World is not going to judge you by toil but by your achievements.

When Buddha pronounced his four Noble Truth he had similar interpretation. “All is suffering” and “There is cause of suffering” are first two Noble Truth.

Buddha.net has a simple interpretation of this as

“The causes of suffering lead to suffering, suffering produces the causes of suffering which again produce suffering. They are circular.” 

Religion has remained the best shelter for idlers. Since the surplus produced by proletariat was extorted by Kings and Priests, they were revered and worshipped for their skills of extortion. Surprisingly the story has not come to an end despite many centuries of oppression and many revolutions.

 As leisure differs from idleness for being purposeful so does inaction differs from idleness.

Whatever wrong is happening around, you are responsible for that, even if you are not directly involved in its occurrence. Only because you are present at that moment, even if you had no means to stop its occurrence, would not make you free from bondage of the Karma of inaction.

Writing and reading more than this would be a toil.

© Vipin Behari Goyal Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/08/slumber-is-more-sweet-than-toil.html


Ashes to ashes, Dust to dust~Gabriel Garcia Marquez

Gabriel Garcia Marquez’s ashes reaches home in Colombia


The news flashes a host of memories when we were caught in the magic web woven by Gabo ( the affectionate nickname of the Author) in his books “One hundred of solitude” and “Love in the time of cholera”.

Review of “One Hundred Years of Solitude” on goodreads.(17.09.12)

“For a week when I was reading “One hundred years of solitude”, I was living in Macondo and lost all my connections with the real world. Every person I met I searched for either Aureliano or Arcadio in him. The whole world could be divided in two types of people Aureliano or Arcadio. The fluidity of transcendence is superb from one Aureliano to other Aureliano. The ordinary has inbuilt extraordinary in it. Rather “more the ordinary” proves “more the extraordinary” in it. At one time superstitions and premonitions come true, at another time a long narration culminates in a quotation like “Poverty is the servitude of love.” The last paragraph of the book is amazing.“It was the history of the family, written by Melquiades, down to the most trivial details, one hundred years ahead of time. He had written it in Sanskrit…”.

There is only one epic “Ramayana”  that was written much before the happening of events.

I salute Gabriel Garcí­a Márquez.~Vipin Behari Goyal (Author)

This is what Superman says about his own masterpiece:

“One day I discovered the right tone—the tone that I eventually used in One Hundred Years of Solitude. It was based on the way my grandmother used to tell her stories. She told things that sounded supernatural and fantastic, but she told them with complete naturalness. When I finally discovered the tone I had to use, I sat down for eighteen months and worked every day.

In One Hundred Years of Solitude.”

According to Terry Pratchett “Magic Realism is like polite way of saying you write Fantasy”.

Gabo says “The trouble is that many people believe that I’m a writer of fantastic fiction, when actually I’m a very realistic person and write what I believe is the true socialist realism.”

Author himself want his work to be classified as Social Realism rather than as Magic Realism.

Let us see what the difference is:

Realist author writes about the realities of life as perceived by him through the senses and experience. That reality may not be absolute reality. Perceptions are also deceptions.

Since World is Conical and is divided  in two uneven halves, Proletariat and Capitalist, Oppressed and Oppressor, Rich and poor, Haves and Have-Nots,  and if an author chooses to write about the poverty stricken  people, their life and sufferings (and few breezes of happiness) and struggle, he is said to be writing about Socialist Realism.   p. In Magical Realism some unreal events are interwoven in a real story so skillfully that the unreal also appears to be real.

Many authors like Gabo deny their work to be Magical Realism, which is not as high stature of the work as Socialist Realism is.

The magic spelled by him will continue to enchant many coming generations.

The news about the transfer of his ashes appeared as follows:

“The ashes of Nobel Prize-winning author Gabriel Garcia Marquez are heading to the country of his birth, Colombia.

Garcia Marquez -- known to his fans as Gabo -- had been a journalist early in his career and traveled around the world. He settled in Mexico, where he lived for many decades before his death in 2014 at age 87.

But the author of the “One Hundred Years of Solitude” and “Love in the Time of Cholera” often set his fictions in Columbia. The Caribbean city of Cartagena, particularly, served as muse and inspiration.”(LA Times).

Writing Tips by Gabriel Garcia Marquez  based on his various interviews:

1. Talk to Old People: Old people are treasure house of stories. Listen to them patiently. Gabo himself was inspired by his grandmother’s impassive narrations to write the story of One hundred years of solitude.

2. Read Great Literature: Books written by great authors are always source of inspiration. Gabo wrote his first story after reading Metamorphosisby Kafka.

3. Visit Old Places: Specially the places where you spent your childhood. Your school, playgrounds, city library. It will bring a flood of memories and you would be able to relive a new experience.

4. Writing is hard work:  Gabo considered writing to be a hard work. He said “Ultimately, writing is nothing but a carpentry.” He has further explained that “Writing something is almost as hard as making a table. With both, you are working with reality, a material just as hard as wood. Both are full of tricks and techniques. Basically very little magic and a lot of hard work are involved. And as Proust, I think, said, it takes ten percent inspiration and ninety percent perspiration.”

5. Read “Earnest Hemingway on writing”: Gabo was also inspired by this book. He has appreciated the way Hemmingway has compared writing with Boxing. He agrees that you have to be in a very good emotional and physical state to be a writer.

6. Be a Perfectionist: Be your own best critic. He says” I think that I’m excessively demanding of myself and others because I cannot tolerate errors; I think that it is a privilege to do anything to a perfect degree.”

7. Don’t be a megalomaniac: Often Authors does this mistake to consider themselves as center of universe and society’s conscience.

8. Work in a familiar environment: Some Author’s think that they can write better in some resorts or hotels. [*William Dalrymple *] wrote his book City of Djinns in a resort at Luni near Jodhpur. Gabo finds that familiar environment are more congenial for writing than strange places.

9. Choose your best hours: Every person has different best hours of the day. Author must identify and utilise his best hours.

10. Work very hard on First Paragraph: The first paragraph decides the fate of the book. Gabo says “One of the most difficult things is the first paragraph. I have spent many months on a first paragraph, and once I get it, the rest just comes out very easily.”

Rest in Peace Gabriel Garcia Marquez

© Vipin Behari GoyalAdvocate, Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur, India Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/08/ashes-to-ashes-dust-to-dustgabriel.html


Porn, Literature and Law

Banned 857 Porn Sites Get Relief: Continue to quench Carnal Desires

It is not unusual for any Government to issue an order under the pressure of a segment of ruling party who are hardliner. Such orders are then withdrawn when public protests. It makes hardliner as well as public happy. But this recent ban by the Government of India has raised certain issues which pertain to not only people of India but whole human civilization.

The human civilization on Planet Earth has reached to that maturity when it can adopt  the Universal Law Code applicable to all the countries of the world, whether they agree or not?  If they do not agree they must be convinced for it.

The crime against humanity are same all over world, and all of them have certain provisions of penalties in law. The treaty of extradition is not enforceable sometime because crimes committed in one country is not crime in another country.

Since we now perceive the whole world as Global Village it would not be untoward worthy to apply the Universal Law Code. That would be the only solution of worldwide terrorism.

All popular porn sites have their Corporate Offices in countries other than India, which have liberal laws for Porn Industries. The owners cannot be punished in India. So the only remedy left to the Government is to ban those sites.

India stands fourth in Porn Watching. First three are, USA, UK and Canada.

Even 25% Females watch porn while the world average is 23%.

The Child Porn sites remain a criminal offence all over the world. Even if Government of all nations make an effort to abolish this industry it would be a great boon to coming generations.

India has always claimed to be an ancient Guru who can act as Friend ,Guide and Philosopher so far as  Love Life of the people is concerned.

Gay Telese in his book Thy Neighbour’s Wife has traced the history of  Porn Industry. Hugh Hefner remains undisputed king of this prurient empire.

Many have contributed in their own way to revolutionize and popularize the taste of this forbidden fruit. Some of them are Mark Twain, Pushkin, Henry Miller, Anne Rice, Nabokov, Colleen McCullough and  E .L James.

The Seven Minutes by Irving Wallace and Eleven Minutes by Paulo Coelho are exemplary attempts to explore sexuality in human relationship.

Indian porn is searched and seen as Desi Porn in India and abroad.

A writ petition was filed in Supreme Court of India to impose ban on all porn sites on following arguments

1. Promotes violence against women

2. Socially destructive

3. Dangerous for safety of nation

Ban on Porn Sites is not remedy of these ailments. Enforcement of laws to stop crime against women is required. Parental care and guidance is required to youth specially teenagers and remedy to quench natural urges of defense personnel must be sought.

Imposing ban is no remedy.

Add a comment to win a free giveaway of any of My Books

[* © Vipin Behari Goyal *] Advocate, Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur, India Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/08/porn-literature-and-law.html



“The thought of suicide is a great consolation: by means of it one gets through many a dark night.’” [*Friedrich Nietzsche  *]  
The right to Life is Fundamental Right in Indian Constitution. A literary interpretation is that the Right to Life automatically includes “Right to Die”. Otherwise how we would justify that so many millions of people have Right to Life but are not provided with the means to sustain that Life.
p. Jainism is one of the oldest religions. The last prophet Mahavir is more than 2500 years old. Nonviolence is their main preaching. How such religion can permit voluntary death, if it is at all violent.

Many hundreds of Jain old people opt for Santhra or voluntary death in India.

Emily Dickinsonwelcomes to death in her poem “Because I Could Not Stop For Death”


Because I could not stop for Death,

He kindly stopped for me;

The carriage held but just ourselves

And Immortality….

Walt Whitman says Death is a prize won.


O Captain! My Captain!

O Captain! my Captain! our fearful trip is done,

The ship has weather’d every rack, the prize we sought is won,

The port is near, the bells I hear, the people all exulting,

While follow eyes the steady keel, the vessel grim and daring;

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow’s perception of death is


The Cross of Snow

In the long, sleepless watches of the night,

A gentle face--the face of one long dead--

Looks at me from the wall, where round its head

The night-lamp casts a halo of pale light….

William Blake in his poem On Another’s Sorrow see Death as kind relief


Can I see another’s woe,

And not be in sorrow too?

Can I see another’s grief,

And not seek for kind relief?..

William Butler Yeats in his poem A Dream Of Death has wondered about solitude death provides.

I dreamed that one had died in a strange place

Near no accustomed hand,

And they had nailed the boards above her face,

The peasants of that land,

Wondering to lay her in that solitude,

 Robert Browning  in his poem A Death in the Deserthas given a beautiful description of death.

Almost all writers have praised the mystery and awe of death and old age.

In Harakari Seppuku  is defined as “Japanese ritual of the samurai used either voluntarily by samurai to die with honor rather than fall into the hands of their enemies (and likely suffer torture) or as a form of capital punishment for samurai who had committed serious offenses, or performed because they had brought shame to themselves”.

Likewise, in Rajput warrior’s ritual of Johar was performed. The act is defined  as the practice of mass suicide carried out in medieval times by Rajput women to save their honor from invaders.[Photo:Kalyan:Johar(self-immolation) by Rajput widows after war]

Another popular ritual was of Sati. Sati refers to the obsolete(?) Indian funeral custom where a widow, was expected to immolate herself on her husband’s pyre, or committed suicide in another fashion shortly after her husband’s death at war or from other causes.

Voluntary death is not a transgression. It is a highly acclaimed transmission of one form into another for a better purpose. Especially so in Santhara. Jainism otherwise also has a strong belief in penance.

 According to Jainism the Pudgal or Matter has two forms 1. Gross 2. Subtle. Gross matter is perceptible, everything that we see around us, while subtle matter is manifested as Karma. The Karma gets attached to a soul as dirt gets attached to the sticky surface. The object of austerities and penance is to annihilate old karma and stop the influx of new karma.

Dainik Bhaskar-Jain Community protest march against the decision of High Court prohibiting Santhara
p. How any legal system can stop anyone from achieving the highest objective of salvation. One of the major objections raised is priests of Jain could not produce any religious text in support of the rituals. The Jain scriptures are some of the oldest scriptures known to human civilization. Rig Veda finds a mention of the first prophet of Jain religion. At that time the information was passed from one generation to another by word of mouth. Since the Santhara is being performed for centuries and is part of religion, it cannot be denied on such a paltry ground.

Thus Spoke Zarathustra: “Many die too late and a few die too early. The doctrine still sounds strange: “Die at the right time.”- Thus Spoke Zarathustra (Friedrich Nietzsche)

We have a history of privilege to end life. ~Tall Man Small Shadow. ( A youth is convicted for attempt to suicide and faces humiliation, while an old Jain Lady is revered for Santhara i.e.fast unto death)

31 August 2015

Supreme Court Stays High Court Judgement

Justice seems to be prevailing. Supreme Court stayed the High Court decision that Santhara is also suicide and thus illegal. Various religious bodies of Jain Community had filed petition against decision of High Court of declaring Santhara as illegal. The same tenets were considered while granting stay that have been raised in the article. The Santhara is part of Jain Philosophy, and courts should abstain from interfering in the core rituals of any religion.

According to Durkheim the abnormally high or level of social integration results in suicide. He made an observation that the rate of suicide is low in Catholics since they have normal level of social integration.Low level of social integration results in disorganised society and suicide is seen as last remedy while in high level of social integration the person think himself to be a burden on society and thus commit suicide.

Santhara is also governed by this “Control Theory” of Durkheim.(You may Tweet this). p. Social scientists have expressed concern over increase in suicidal rate in soldiers and students. Both of them live a mission oriented life. They work not only for duty but to prove themselves. The high expectation of society, insecurity,apprehension of failure,lack of self confidence,peer pressure are some of the other reasons of suicide. State should provide them stress free environment and society should take care of emotional need of these segments of society.Meditation camp can be arranged to reduce the anxiety by acceptance of inevitable.

Kota in Rajasthan(India), is hub of tuition centres for students aspiring to be IITian or a Doctor. Every month few students commit suicide in this city. Parents have put lot of expectations from their children. Invariably the students have left a suicide note addressed to their parents. In the note, they have apologised for their inability to fulfil the dreams of their parents.

Kamala Das famous English poet could not reconcile her inner world to her external world, her body to her soul, she addresses her monologue to the sea who(personification) can act as medium of her salvation (suicide).

O sea I am fed up

I want to be simple

I want to be loved 


If love is not to be had

I want to be dead,just dead.

© Vipin Behari GoyalAdvocate, Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur, India Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/08/right-to-die-denied.html



                           Only Absurd Is Meaningful

I do not know what went wrong. It has stopped flying. It was made to fly. I had few wonderful journeys on it. I do not know anyone who can make it fly again.

This is no ordinary flying carpet. Half of it is woven with the thread of idealism and rest half has threads of realism. Though both the sides have many patterns. Like realism has patterns of Socialist Realism, Naturalism and American Realism. The other half, which is made of idealism threads has many intrinsic and complicated patterns, some of which though look beautiful are difficult to understand.

These patterns are called Classical Idealism, Subjective Idealism, Transcendental Idealism, Objective Idealism and Actual Idealism. Each pattern has the name of craft man on the corner of design some of which are very famous like Kant and Hegel.

The World is Conical and horizontally divided into two unequal halves, but my carpet is equally divided in two. But apparently one side is far more superior in look, texture, colors, aesthetics and designs. p. It has a wonderful mechanism. When I want to fly to my native country Utopia I had to sit on the Idealism side of the carpet. When I want to fly to Dystopia I had to sit on Realism side.

I do not why both the patterns together were called Absurdism by people.

The flying carpet was very shy of others. No one else could fly on it except me. I could carry only that single female with me who loved me unconditionally. Consequently, I found no partner to fly with.

Once Ayn Rand wanted to fly with me. When she took her famous oath of Selfishness, the carpet agreed to fly. This is the first time I saw him breaking the rules. His realism side became active and a flower pattern which was marked as Existentialism and petals were made of Kierkegaard, Kafka, Sartre and Albert Camus had one more flower of Objectivism. That time Realism had more glamour than Idealism.

The flying carpet was really impressed that I was not ready to sacrifice my Individualism and due to my faith in Utilitarianism I gave preference to quality of pleasure. p. The carpet was quite an amoralist. He never passed judgments about something being morally right or wrong. In a way he was Shakespearian “Nothing is right or wrong, but thinking makes it so”.

Though sometimes he would tell sarcastic jokes, but he was never sarcastic about Black, Jews, Polacks, Blondes or Sardars. He was far above petty human weakness of Egoism.

I think that was his basic quality which enabled him to fly.

Once I heard about a strange country. It was known as Conscience. That was a beautiful island inhabited by a single individual who was a true replica of me. It sent me a message by telepathy that my carpet was infected with the  virus of Ego. I was shocked. I did not know how to cure it. Conscience told it had permanent remedy. He also told me how I can do some First-Aid to make it fly. Moreover the Flying Carpet did not know the location of Conscience. The Flying Carpet was thrilled that I would cure him. He was always afraid of ennui. He always loved new designs and patterns carved on it. Sometimes he allowed something new just because it was New, even if it did not have any relevance.

Flying Carpet would have looked more beautiful without any of pattern and weaved by single colored thread of Humanism. May be the source of that thread is not normal human intellect.

When I tried to convince him the superiority of quantity over quality and advantages of simplicity he became adamant.  He didactically tried to prove that simplicity is absence of quality, and is not a quality in itself.

Once he proposed me to find a way to increase his size. I told him that his size is just suitable for the purpose he has been made. He is obsessed with the conviction that Size does matter.

He became desolate and introvert after that conversation. Now I can correlate that so many pattern made him egoistic and that is why he wanted to increase his dimensions.

How was our journey to island of Conscience? How did we reach there? Could Conscience cure the virus of Ego? Or virus could infect the Conscience and tried to kill it.

© Vipin Behari GoyalAdvocate, Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur, India Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/08/absurd-tale-of-flying-carpet.html


Mumbai Lovebirds will be extinct

Do You Hate Lovebirds?

Thanks to Mumbai Police soon the race of Mumbai Love Birds is going to be extinct.

Forty couples were caught by Mumbai Police from the hotel rooms in Madh Island Mumbai in a raid (storypick.com) p. What a great news? Are we not satisfied with our limit of stupidity? Or we want to touch a new horizon?

Is hotel room, a public place? A public space is a social space that is generally open and accessible to people. Roads, public squares, parks and beaches are typically considered public space. (Wikipedia)

How there can be any public indecency when the place is not a public place.

According to Supreme Court of India consensual heterosexual relationship between two adults, including pre-marital sex is no offense.

They have just ruined forty beautiful lives. The perpetrator are not the couples, but the system which compels them for hideouts. Just imagine the trauma the parents, friends and relatives of those caught by police are suffering from. Someone is contemplating a suicide and others have eloped from social life to save their face.

The terrorist could give statement that they enjoy killing laughingly making mockery of the whole law and order system of a country, but Indian Youth cannot have conjugal pleasures in their privacy.

In every society there are always people who are averse to giving any liberties to youth. Most of them are those who themselves suffered from some trauma in childhood, which conditioned their mind to be vengeful for pleasure- seekers. Mahatma Gandhi has also confessed it in his autobiography.

The love birds are not harmful to society. Mumbai is so much crowded that couples don’t have privacy in their own home.

The incident of Kozhikode stirred a movement in Indian Youth and Indian youth demanded their right to Public Display of Affection. That was an issue ! How much intimacy shall be permitted in public places. Even at that time my post Kiss of Love supported the rights of Indian Youth. India has the largest habitation of prostitutes in Sonagachi. Mumbai is not far behind. If you consider all illegal activities like drug trafficking, flash trade and weapon smuggling it is the capital of India. p. And we are hunting for love-makers and not hate-makers? India has a rich cultural heritage. We have Khajuraho to explain what is acceptable by society and what is not. Almost all laws of the land are enacted keeping in mind the inheritance which is called precedents in law. That is why Hon’ble Supreme Court passed its verdict in support of consensual heterosexual relationship. p. Just like the decision to ban porn sites was taken back by Government very next day, how wonderful it would be if all criminal charges against these lovebirds are lifted and someone somewhere whosoever is responsible apologize.

In “A Love Affair” Emile Zola has beautifully described how lovers find a rendezvous to consume the passions.

In Last Tango in Paris(Bernardo Bertolucci),the rented apartment becomes their secret meeting place.

In “Contempt” by Alberto Moravia the philosophical explanation of such relationships is found.

Moravia’s novel is the quintessential example of “modernism,” the movement that emphasizes the human limitation for self-understanding and the understanding of others.

The incident should ensue a sociological debate. If society is heading for Modernism, does it only want to reap the benefits of Technological advancement or is it prepared to have a broader outlook on all other related issues.

© Vipin Behari GoyalAdvocate, Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur, India Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/08/mumbai-lovebirds-will-be-extinct.html


Enjoy Your Superstition

[*                           Ten Tips to enjoy your superstition *] Charles Dickens believed that if the gift of a knife is not reciprocated by some return gift the relation between giver and receiver is terminated. So when he received a set of cutlery as gift from famous company, he sent him back his own publisher’s first copy of David Copperfield. (Telegraph)
p. Man has always been intrigued by supernatural in one form or another. Initially, it was magic and later when civilized it was religion. The underlying idea is same “that by creating the illusion that you control reality you can actually control it”. Second, man’s eternal quest to understand and control the nature played important role in inception of magic and thus religion. 

Man as Homo sapiens is evolved form of the Apes and so did his mimetic art . All music, all dance forms and all paintings are examples of mimetic art. Whether it is Tandava  dance or Caterpillar dance man has mimicked the thunders, lightening and movements of animals. The roots of superstitions are in magic and religion.

Superstition is nurtured in the belief that the course of events in nature has elasticity and they can be deflected or diverted from the path of their natural flow for our advantage by some external factor. That external factor could be a colour, number, person, event, animal, gesture or anything expected or unexpected. Popular Elizabethan superstitions like sneezing, spilling salt and pepper, Black Cats find place in Literature. Some authors like Murakami are obsessed with black cats and they find a place in most of his work.

Shakespeare plays like Macbeth, A Midsummer Night’s Dream, King Lear, Hamlet etc. proves how an author can make some orthodox, unscientific, baseless belief more acceptable in society and establish their credibility by the course of events in his work.

People assume that successful people are more superstitious than unsuccessful, old are more superstitious than young, rich are more superstitious than poor, uneducated people are more superstitious than educated, rural people are more superstitious than urban, females are more superstitious than males and beautiful girls are more superstitious than ugly girls.

* Ten Tips to enjoy your superstition *

1. Prepare a list of your superstition.

2.  Classify your superstition. Make your own classification. Some superstition could be harmful for society. If you believe in witches and doubt someone to be a witch and perform a drowning test on her, it is harmful for society.

3. Analyse your superstitions, scientifically. Analytical methods are same for all theory. Consider your superstition to be a Hypothesis and test on your parameters. Like if you think 13 is not a lucky number ( In the last supper of Jesus 13 were present, and Judas the traitor reached in last), keep a log of the times you were harmed by this number.

4. Implement the result of your analysis. If you find number one is lucky for you, change your cell phone number the total of which should reach to number one. Your SIM provider knows how you can have your lucky cell number.

5. Research would help you. Whatever is lucky in one country could be unlucky in some other part of the world. Every superstition has a story behind it.

6. Objectivity helps. Superstitions are totally subjective, but there is objectivity in them. Try to find that. Everything in the cosmos has a purpose.

7. Psyche is important. You need not to be a psychic to believe that some of your personal superstitions are deeply rooted in your Psyche.

8. Rationale people never try to rationalise their superstition.

9. Edit your superstition. Delete some old one and add few new.

10. Enjoy your superstition without any guilt, inhibition, rejection and tagging.

This is my 64 post on this Blog, which is a lucky number for me. Let me see how many readers like it, share it, and comment over it.

Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/08/enjoy-your-superstition.html


Indian Literature in Desi English

                       Indo-Anglian Poetry In Desi English

Nissim Ezekiel an Indian poet has ridiculed the manner in which English is used by Indians. Almost 10% Indians know English as a second language. Naseem thinks that  one of the most common errors made by Indians is the use of Present Continuous Tense  instead of Simple present Tense. He thinks all who make mistakes in the use of grammar, syntax and use of idioms are half educated. Nissim had graduated from Bombay University in English Literature, so he had a right to think so. In his poems “Good-bye party to Miss Pushpa T.S”. and  “Very Indian Poem in Indian English” explicitly speaks of his anti-Indianness.

The wives of India sit apart

They do not drink,

they do not talk,

of course,they do not kiss. (In India)

Kamla Das

Kamala Das another famous English poet of India has narrated her frustration in love and sexual relationship through her semi-autobiographical poems viz.“In Love and An Introduction”.

She was discarded by many critics for use of English Language. Her frustration is reflected in her following 


I am an Indian, very brown, born in

Malabar, I speak three languages, write in

Two, dream in one. Don’t write in English, They said,

English is not your tongue….. (“An Introduction”) Despite felicity of diction she has been accused of wrong and confused syntax due to perverse omission of the use of commas and inverted commas. A critic, though full of appreciation for my bookMaya suggested that the book should have been written in Hindi. In words of Kamala Das:
p. Why not leave

me alone, critics, friends, visiting cousines,

Everyone of you ? Why not let me speak in

Any language I like?…..(“An Introduction”)

[* R. N. Tagore*]  was awarded Noble Prize in Literature (1913) for his collection of poems “Gitanjali” . He composed his poems in his native language, Bengala and later translated them in English. He is primarily considered as a Bengali writer rather than an Indian English Writer.

Sarojini Naidu, who is popularly known as “Nightingale of India” was said to lack quality (intellectualism) in her poems.

Two souls with but a single thought,

Two hearts that beat as one”  …. (“Humayun to Zobeida”)

According to Nissim Ezekeil “Sarojini knew nothing of the of the literary revolution taking place in English Poetry in the twenties and the earlier”.

Taru Dutt who died at the tender age of 21 is said to be a poetic genius and is known as “The Keats of India”. She spent many years in France and wrote poems and novels in French language also. Her poems viz. Savitri  and Lakshman are based on mythological stories of ancient India and sometimes lack universal human predicament.

In Post-Independence poets Jayant Mahapatra has used landscapes of  his native state of Orissa in his poems. He is Physicist turned into celebrated poet, confesses “You can see, I haven’t read much poetry in my life. As a matter of fact, I haven’t read any poetry until I started writing myself”.

Sri Aurobindo is not only an eminent Indian English Poet but also a famous Guru and Yogi. In his poem “Life and Death” he says:

Life, death, – death, life; the words have led for ages Our thought and consciousness and firmly seemed Two opposites; but now long-hidden pages Are opened, liberating truths undreamed. Life only is, or death is life disguised, – Life a short death until by Life we are surprised.

Unfortunately, he too has been accused to use the English Language not as creators but as manipulator.

T. S. Eliot believed that the impersonality of poetry has its roots in value of traditions. I. A. Richards employed unique methods for textual and verbal analysis in his Practical Criticism  and The meaning of Meaning.

We can use their work to evaluate Indian English Poetry. However best thing would be to avoid any comparison and have more faith in desi English.

Soon we will cast a glance on the  prose written in Desi English.

Meanwhile, read two related posts Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/07/indian-literature-in-desi-english.html


Marital Rape

                            The art of wooing is never rusty

Those who are in habit to take their wives as granted are offended when they have to cajole and woo them like an infatuated school boy by flowers, cards, dinners and sweet talk to obtain something which once they thought was rightfully theirs.

Look at the whole Animal Kingdom. Do you find any other animal doing heinous crime of rape except man? Every time, every male has to woo the female to obtain a favor.

Marriage is one of the most important institutions created by society which is eroded day by day as human intellect and wisdom is evolving. We are able to perceive and changed the law accordingly. How far we can go socially and legally to control a relationship  between two grown up individuals which begins and ends on the same bed every night.

Marriage is for woman the commonest mode of livelihood, and the total amount of undesired sex endured by women is probably greater in marriage than in prostitution. ~Bertrand  Russell, Marriage and Morals.

Any act that affects two individuals physically, mentally or socially and is nonconsensual is an offense.

Colonial countries were governed by laws enacted by their master countries. They framed different laws for each colony depending upon their backwardness. Unfortunately, those  countries are still unable to revise their laws in parity with advance countries. The politicians are publicly giving statements, “It is considered that the concept of marital rape, as understood internationally, cannot be suitably applied in the Indian context.” p. Now is the time when human civilization must consider to make uniform laws applicable all over the world, irrespective of geographical boundaries, cultural heritage, religion and dogmas.

Any crime is a crime against humanity and human values are same all over the world.

In the US some states have separate and lesser punishment for marital rapes (though thankfully all states have accepted it as a crime), are also examples of  social hypocrisy. If at all different, marital rape is more severe crime than other rapes since it is also breach of trust between two individuals.

The Indian Law is still struggling to define the extent of assault & parts of anatomy of the female organ, while whole civilization has taken a leap and is unanimous about it. p. Literature has repeatedly pointed out that marital rape is done by husbands who suffer from some type of deficiency, inferiority or complex that they want to compensate.

Here is famous paragraph:

“He swung her off her feet into his arms and started up the stairs. Her head was crushed against his chest and she heard the hard hammering of his heart beneath her ears. He hurt her and she cried out, muffled, frightened. Up the stairs he went in the utter darkness, up, up, and she was wild with fear. He was a mad stranger and this was a black darkness she did not know, darker than death. He was like death, carrying her away in arms that hurt. She screamed, stifled against him and he stopped suddenly on the landing and, turning her swiftly in his arms, bent over and kissed her with a savagery and a completeness that wiped out everything from her mind but the dark into which she was sinking and the lips on hers. He was shaking, as though he stood in a strong wind, and his lips, traveling from her mouth downward to where the wrapper had fallen from her body, fell on her soft flesh….She tried to speak and his mouth was over hers again. When she awoke the next morning, he was gone.…The man who had carried her up the dark stairs was a stranger of whose existence she had not dreamed. He had humbled her, hurt her, used her brutally through a wild mad night and she had gloried in it…. Rhett loved her! At least, he said he loved her and how could she doubt it now?”

— Margaret Mitchell, Gone With the Wind(New York: Scribner, 2011): 871.

Ponder over it, till next time you read about “Ten ways to avoid marital rape.” Suggestions are welcome ! Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/07/marital-rape.html


Games Spouse Play

                  Ten things to do when you feel ignored

In ‘Who is afraid of Virginia Wolf’’ By Edward Albee, the author has shown the hollowness of the society. Two couples play many different games in one night. That is one of the best American dramas. In actual life this drama is always going on. The games are different for each couple.

In ‘Lady Chatterley’s Lover’ By D. H. Lawrence, Constance and her crippled husband Clifford Chatterley play games with each other. The emotional neglect by husband inflames physical desires of Connie and she is hurt because her husband is more aristocrat than her.

The Judiciary is unanimous that ‘emotional neglect’ of a wife or husband is a sort of mental cruelty. Some examples can be quoted,

1. If the wife does not serve food on dinner table, she is considered to be neglecting domestic duties

2. If the husband while going to office does not bid farewell (no hug, no kiss not even smile) to his wife, he is guilty of emotional neglect.

What is there between husband and wife, which cannot be classified as mental cruelty, if seen from a certain angle.

Look at Anna Karenina in the great novel by Leo Tolstoy. She could neither ignore the cold behaviour of her husband nor the advances made by flamboyant Count Vronsky. The main plot and sub plot of the novel are an excellent example of the games spouse play.

Whether it is ‘no-fault’ divorce law of US or section 13 (B) of Hindu Marriage Act that permits divorce by mutual consent, the society is unable to sustain the institution of marriage and has made it convenient for couples to walk out of wedlock even without any paltry ground.

Just because they did not learn the tact to ignore the things without tentamounting to emotional neglect.

It is best to ignore the trifle, but it is not good to emotionally neglect the spouse. They have a moral obligation to pamper the Ego of each other once a while.

Ten things to do when you feel ignored:

1. Go by Old Testament law of ‘Tooth for Tooth’. Ignore ‘being ignored’.

2.  Act normal, even if your mind is storming. After all world is stage and we all are actors (William Shakespeare).

3. Be more aggressive while talking on the phone or with vendors. Rebuke anyone on a fake call. It is not only catharsis for your own self, but also puts your spouse under psychological pressure.

4. Wear your best dresses or change your wardrobe (ignore your credit crunch). A well dressed woman has more self confidence, more self-esteem and makes spouse jealous of her. Love me or hate me, but you can’t ignore me. Right?

5.  Be extra cordial to the friends of your spouse.

6. Pretend to pray even if you don’t believe in God, like in Tall man Small Shadow. It puts off even hard nuts and they crack. p. 7. Bed is the best place for reconciliation.

8. Only insecure persons emotionally neglect. Search for the cause of that insecurity and mend it.

9. Do not involve your friends in the game you are playing with your spouse. You will only worsen the situation.

10. Some mental cruelty may strengthen the nuptial bond when reconciled.

Finally, remember ‘Gone With the Wind’. How tactfully Rhett Butler ignored Scarlet by mocking her and eventually  tries to win her by indifference and cruelty. Scarlet obsessed by Ashley scorns the men and wins them.

Miracles of emotional neglect are yet to be explored.

Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/07/games-spouse-play.html


Trial of Killer Robot

News: Robot kills a worker in Volkswagen Factory


(Trial Room of a Court in Germany, where Judiciary is inquisitorial)

Judge: Mr. Robot, do you plead, guilty

Robot: No, Your Honor, I am innocent

Judge: (addresses to Public Prosecutor): Prosecution may proceed.

PP: Mr. Robot we have substantial evidence against you that you have committed a murder deliberately.

Robot: What is that proof?

PP: CCTV footage.

Robot: But that’s a machine like me. That would be self-incrimination.

Judge: He is right. Mr. PP

PP: But your honor, that machine may have same genre like all Homo Sapiens , but they have different Mother (boards).

Judge: Alright, shows us the film.

A screen and projector are set up in court and a video clip is shown in which Robot claps a man from the neck and strangles him to death and then throws him on a board.

PP: Is that not you, Mr. Robot?

Robot: Looks like me, but I am not sure. Can you focus on id numbers.

The video clip is replayed and id is stilled and focused. Robot acknowledges that it is him.

PP: Why did you kill him?

Robot: He walked into my territory. I had no intention or motivation to kill him. Moreover, as per Master-Servant theory the Engineer who programmed me is responsible for this killing.

Judge: Did he programmed you to kill?

Robot: I was infected by virus so I could not differentiate in living and non living.

Judge: Who is responsible for the virus?

Robot: My parents. That is the company that produced me.

The GM of Robotics Company was summoned to the court. He stated that when he supplied the Robot it was in perfect working condition.  The Virus can affect man and machine equally. Robot has indicator for virus and should have been treated immediately.

 The System Engineer of the car company was summoned and he admitted that Robot was indicating a virus.

PP: Why you did not cure the machine immediately?

System Engg.: The assembly line had to be stopped for that. I reported the matter to GM through the channel, but he said orders are urgent and production cannot be stopped.

Judge: Did you explain that it may cause a death?

System Engg.: Not categorically, since I was not sure. I told him certain sensors are not working and Robot would not function normally.

GM of the car company was summoned. He confessed that matter was reported to him. He was hard pressed by the Board of Directors to achieve the target so he did not stop production.

The trial is going on. The Robot is still behind the bar. Board of Directors has announced a meeting to decide strategy if they are booked for Culpable Homicide.

Meanwhile, please express your opinion on the issue.

Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/07/trial-of-killer-robot.html


Grey Zone Of LGBT

Social Acceptance of Recreation without Procreation.

Marriages are made in Heaven….

Heaven belongs to God, and God himself is neither gay nor a supporter of it, he would not permit Gay Marriages to be made in Heaven, but they would be solemnized on Earth with the kind dictum of the Supreme Court.

Out of control judicial activism threatens traditional marriage in America. ~Ernest Istook

And how is that all important issues, even social and cultural issues ultimately land in the court of courts in all healthy democratic countries.

Why the senate or parliament of elected bodies, who represent the will of the people fail in their duty and wait for the oligarchy to decide the issue. May be they do not want to annoy any fraction of the people and shift the onus on a body which seldom let go an opportunity to show their power. Either way politicians have a cause of jubilation and increase their own popularity.

Andre Gide (French Nobel Laureate in Literature)  in his novel ‘The Immoralist’ has shown his infatuation for Arab boys leaving details to the reader’s imagination.

“Take away the bodies, and minds are normal, the desires natural, souls attuned.”

Ancient Greeks invented display of good physique in men as a sport and youngsters kowtowed in adoration and hero worship, to become their ‘favorites’.

In nature all males are better looking than their counterpart females. Lion looks far better than Lioness and a Peacock is far more handsome than Peahen. Human being to entice women for their own ulterior motives started portraying the beauty of females in poetry, painting and other arts. Finding beauty in few odd contours  was invention of lecherous males.

All men have a woman in them and all women a man. Indian Mythology has a concept of Ardhanarishvara. p. Any one of them can dominate other despite the gender. XX and XY set of chromosomes have some intermingling which determines the psychic gender of a person.

Bertrand Russell in ‘Marriage and Morals’ has overruled  the importance of procreation in marriage. The institution of marriage was always supported by religion. To look to the society to acknowledge the institution of marriage is like giving undue importance to the religion. Though legal consequences of all types of marriages over weigh the individual’s commitments of love, devotion and companionship.

Havelock Ellis supports Uranism so far there is no outrage to a minor and public decency is not violated.

Krafft-Ebing who considered inversion as both congenital as well as acquired, did not look on inversion as disease or a degeneration.

Temporary  manifestation and tribadism are common but lifelong commitment is only in congenital.

Watch a short film ‘Minus Minus Plus’ for the new dimensions of LGBT.

World Economists are also happy with facility of recreation without procreation.

We would have enough food for everybody if entire world does not produce any child for a decade.

Just waiting for the day when rape and robbery would also be legalised.

1 September 2015

Kentucky County Clerk defies the orders of Supreme Court and denies to issue same-sex marriage licence. 

© Vipin Behari Goyal

Advocate, Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur, India Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/06/grey-zone.html


Philosophy is Dead, Long live the Science

Future of Science without Philosophy

 Around 460 B.C.,a Greek philosopher, Democritus, develop the idea of atoms. Scientist slept over it for almost 2000 years. Then Dalton (1800), Thompson (1897), Marx Plank (1900) and Albert Einstein(1921), in a span of almost last 100 years advanced the theory.

Take any other invention, Kekule discovered the structure of Benzene said that he had discovered the ring shape of the benzene molecule after day-dream of a snake seizing its own tail which is a common symbol in many ancient cultures known as the Ouroboros.

Isaac Newton was Physicist who was popularly called ‘Natural Philosopher’. After making great contribution in classic mechanics, optics and planetary motion when he grew mature as scientist he wrote essays on literary and symbolic interpretation of Bible.

It needs more mature mind than Scientist to be a Philosopher.

Philosophy has History of few thousand years, while Science has of few hundred years. Moreover major work in science has come from Philosophers.

All philosophy is based on syllogism where conclusions are arrived by logical arguments.

Science day by day became confined to laboratory and depended on perception which could be deceptive. ‘Theory of M’ is ‘Theory of Maybe’ propounded by Buddha. Scientist like infants are still awed by magic.Since childhood we are taught how Archimedes, James Watt and Newton got their ideas, not in laboratory of course. The Scientists have forgotten to spend time with nature and get tuned with it.

We are doing a folly by comparing incomparable. This is generation gap. 

Karl Marx (1883) to Jean Paul Sartre(1980) a couple of dozen Philosophers have influenced the thinking of the world in recent past.

Philosophy is the beginning and end of Science.

If Philosophy is dead Science has no future.

© Vipin Behari Goyal Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/06/philosophy-is-dead-long-live-science.html


Carl Jung’s Theory and Literature

[*                                                 Wizards of Collective Unconsciousness*]

All fiction is but a dream, all dreams are but a reality. No other stream has contributed towards enrichment of Literature as compared to Psychology. They are inseparable in a way, and one was always confused for another. Sigmund Freud was nominated for Nobel Prize in Literature for his psychoanalysis.

Jung is lesser known than Freud. The magnitude of his work is still unexplored. Due to Eastern influence on his work of Collective Unconscious, he was not well appreciated by his contemporaries. West had a tendency to evaluate anything related to East as inferior. Only Arthur Schopenhauer could draw the attention of West towards rich philosophy of Buddhism. Siddhartha  by Hermann Hesse  also contributed in exploring rich Buddhist Philosophy. Romain Rolland  a Nobel Laureate in Literature was inspired by Sigmund Freud. Rolland studied Eastern Philosophy which is labeled as Eastern Mysticism  since it is not easily comprehensible. He had an “oceanic feeling” which prompted Freud to raise this issue in his further work. Mysticism does not aim at ‘human transformation’ but its object is self-actualisation. It is the transformation of human concepts from the Unreal to Real.

It requires a great deal of courage to admit that ‘primitiveness’ of eastern tribes is a sort of ‘advancement’ since it uses collective unconsciousness which is deeper, stronger and unique. Modern man has become so isolated that he finds it impossible to connect his personal unconsciousness with any other individual, so the wonders of collective unconsciousness are a distant dream for him.

Haggard in "She" and "King Solomon's Mines" and Mary Shelley in "Frankenstein" have made use of Jung's wonderful concept of three layered selfhood of personality -present consciousness, past and prehistoric or racial. All mythology  is also work of collective unconsciousness. Recently, some authors temper with mythology in order to create sensation. They are  playing with negative energies of the cosmos which always try to conquer positive energy.  Proceeding in one direction would create equal and opposite force and both would survive together.

The archetypes discovered by Jung have opened a treasure box for historians, anthropologist, scientist and authors to discover and base their work on different models of archetypes and their social and Psychological significance.

 If human civilization is endless and there is no imminent catastrophe, after a few centuries, today’s man will be called primitive and would be despised for its greed by future generations. The word desire for Fire in the poem by Robert Frost is a soft version of greed.The fuss of Dream Analysis would never be over. Work of Freud and Jung would always be a landmark, but many new theories and interpretations are needed to understand the symbolism and  enrich the theme. A combined group of Social Scientist, Psychiatrist, Psychologist and Philosopher tuned with collective unconsciousness  can do miracle.

There is no Tabula rasa in the realm of collective unconsciousness. 

In“Emperor Jones” a modern play by Eugene O’Neill the personal and collective unconscious of Brutus Jones is revealed when his ‘conscious ego’ breaks gradually. He is trapped in the dark forest which is symbol of his psyche where the sound effect, hallucination and illusions have been used by O’Neill to depict the transformation of Jones. Mary T. David says “The gradual disintegration of his conscious ego,the revelation of his personal and collective unconsciousness and his flight from himself (the fundamental self from which the blind pride and its self image have so long separated him and which inevitably comes into its own) constitutes the dramatic movement.”Brutus Jones’s mind contain ideas of human race in general  and inherited traits peculiar to his own race, tribe and family.Theses all archetypal symbols and patterns are thus collective unconscious which remain latent in a man. It is projected in Jones when he hallucinates the racial memory of being sold as slave and faces Congo witch doctor.The collective unconscious is projected under the influence of fear.

Readers are requested to post comments.

Advocate,Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/06/carl-jungs-theory-and-literature.html


The Charms of Domestic Violence                                   He Hit Me (and It Felt like a Kiss)
p.                                                                                  [Image Courtsey: Wikipedia]

Ten sentences that are prelude to Domestic Violence

It starts like this at a  point of time in the marital relationship

  1. I am fed up with you
  2. Leave me alone
  3. Get lost and never show me your face again.
  4.  I think we are not made for each other
  5. You are no more same to whom I loved
  6. Better to be stranger than enemy
  7. I curse the moment I fell in love with you.
  8. I hate you. /I hate everything about you.
  9. I want to walk out of marriage
  10. Our marriage is a blunder

These dialoguesare obviously followedby satires, quarrels, mud-slinging, blame game, manhandling and what we call as domestic violence.

Then we need more counseling sessionswith a Psychiatrist to reconcile the situation and to heal the bruisedego.

Domestic violenceis one of the most ignored crimes all over the world. The rate of domestic violence should determine the Happiness Index of any country.

Very surprisingly, it isequally popular (?) in rural and urban areas, but the number of cases reportedare more in Urban areas.

We have some other issues to ponder than compare forms and types of Domestic Violence, p. James Hartford, Jr. Who was charged for beating his wife in Detroit was wearing dirty white tank top  with baked bean stains on it set the trend for “wife beaters” shirt and gave new dimension to p.  the age old hobby of showing off vulgar proud in masculinity as macho man.

Ten options woman has:

1. To hit him back only once to make him realize that she too can do it

2. To hit him back equal or more to settle the issue once for all, Tooth for tooth.

3. To apologize even if it is his mistake and accept his dominance

4. To walk out temporarily and stay with friends or walk in Public Park.

5. To walk out of relationship permanently.

6. Call the Police and file a suit

7. Shut herself in a room and have a shot

8. Break crockery and create tantrums

9. Wait till he is sober and then discuss with patience

10. Last but not the least, which you might be doing often is, forgive and forget

All above solutions are for so called Normal people, exceptionally if you are sadomasochist or a  lover of  book “Fifty shades of Grey”, you have to search for reasons why did you enjoy reading
p.  that book which normal people discard as  disgusting. If you really felt like being kissed when 

you were hit, the secret lies in the deeper layers of your psyche. May be

1. That is how your mother or elder sister who was your childhood idol behaved

2. You were exposed to  media which glamorized this kind of behavior

3. You suffer from a guilt-conscious and like to be punished

4. Your relationship is Love- Hate type and you hate your weakness (love) for him.

5. You were victim of child abuse.

Celebrities like Kim Kardashian have been used by artist to highlight the domestic violence against women. p. When a matter pertains to human psyche the list is always endless since every individual has a 

different perception and reacts differently. Every case is different from other and some 

generalization is possible only after research.

Literature helps in developing insight.

The frequency, intensity and duration of domestic violence has some statistical correlation with 

conjugal activities of the couple which needs to be explored. Havelock Ellis claims that for women pain and sexual pleasure were sometime indistinguishable; the normal manifestation of women’s sexual pleasure are exceedingly like pain.

George Bernard Shaw’s play ‘Pygmalion’ is based on social realism. Higgins in last Act says to Eliza “ be off with you to the sort of people you like. Marry some sentimental hog or other with lots of money, and a thick pair of lips to kiss you and a thick pair of boots to kiss you with.”

However literature,  traces romanticism in domestic violence and accepts it as an expression of love since the Middle Ages.

 © Vipin Behari Goyal

Advocate,Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/06/the-charms-of-domestic-violence.html


The Gender of God

                         God Is A Person

William Phillips a Nobel laureate Physicist who did pioneering work on laser cooled atoms said “God is a person”.

The debate about gender of God could be the foundation that would decide the future of Christianity. Once the initial shock of raising the issue subsides and pundits of spirituality are ready to debate on the issue many new theories would evolve that may help us in understanding unsolved mysteries of the universe to some extent or at least a new dimension would be created in that direction.

Godel’s theorem “we can never prove anything for sure” implies that logic has its own limitation. Faith begins where logic ends, and faith is a delusion (Nietzsche), so in the end, we may reach to from where we begin, but in that circumambulation we will discover many truths that can lead us to discover The Absolute Truth.

Exodus 18:4, Genesis 22:2 refers to LORD god who created Eve from the rib (tsela in Arabic means side) of Adam. Eve was not formed from the dust of the Earth as in the case of Adam. Adam accepted Eve as “bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh”. But how does this make a man superior? Or a master of female gender?. Does a person who donates blood, bone marrow, eye or kidney is in anyway master of the person who has received the donation. Most of the time they even do not know each other.

There was no dearth of earth and the Lord could have easily formed another structure complementary to his debut, but he preferred side, and that was no experiment on his power of creation, but there was a message for future mankind in it. After the discovery of bone marrow and stem cells and their capacity of “regeneration” has given a new dimension of the meaning of the word regeneration as used in the Bible. In “in vitro fertilization “ the baby is formed without sin and is technically more superior to those born by sin.

However the silicon chips used by Lord (referred to as dust of the earth) was the “matter” Lord used to create a mannequin of man and life (“energy”) was transferred by his breath. In Sankhyaa (Sanskrit scripture) the role of light, action and inertia are said to be vital for evolution. The interplay of Purusha and Prakriti ie. primordial matter and consciousness is the only theory that not only equates the role of male and female powers in the formation of the world but also shows the superiority of feminine energy.

The Supreme God could be without attributes, a condensed form of energy and matter, a lump of radiations. The science is too nascent to understand mysteries of nature. We need many more postulates , theories, hypothesis, assumption and axioms to determine the gender of nature in its true and original form.

Meanwhile consider the “HeSh” to be His gender.

© Vipin Behari Goyal

Advocate,Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/06/the-gender-of-god.html


A Tale of Castrated Bull

[*                        Existentialism, Feminism, Marxism, Post-Colonialism and Psychoanalysis of Bull*]

He starts from point A every morning and by the time of evening when his eyes are uncovered, he finds himself again at point A. But he has a sort of satisfaction that he had a long journey that day, maybe he missed the scenery on the way, but the satisfaction and smile on the face of his master tells that he has really performed well. This had been his routine for many years and he has walked thousands of miles, and if his blindfolds were not removed every night, he would have thought himself to be on the other end of the Earth. Thankfully, his master took great care of him after his work was done, massaged him, gave fodder, gave him a bath if required, and saw that he was comfortably settled in the stable. At his Bovine family, he was looked upon as someone drafted for good and not only his mature counterparts of the opposite sex, but even the heifers could know that he was good for nothing and turned their faces away, when he grazed with them in the pastures. He cannot forgive the one who had one fine morning removed his vital part to convert him into that which changed his destiny. And he could do nothing about it. God was great, but man was mischievous.

Now nothing matters. All beautiful heifers have no meaning for him. Even his nose is permanently obliterated to identify estrus. May be his long walk would lead him to land where he would regain his lost bullhood.

How strange it is that his female counterparts never claimed that equality with them that his master's wife always demanded with her husband. His counterpart females were contended with milking, propagation and ultimately being served as beef. Not that he finds any difference in the life of his female counterparts and that of his master's wife. The comparison is endless and he was astounded with parities. The only thing he doesn't know is that his master's wife would be chopped when she goes sterile or they would wait even longer, when she is finally of no use. If this disease of equality spreads in his bovine family, he is sure it is going to create a havoc. His cousin and even his real younger brother were spared by his master, who only gelded him of his vitality. His neutrality of gender had made him stoically neutral towards all issues pertaining to life- or even death for that purpose.

His endless walk is very purposeful. He knows by the smell of sesame, groundnut and mustard. Many times master or his little son has exclaimed with happiness. Once master told his son  the story of Sisyphus. He was a king who could even cheat the God of death. He was ultimately condemned to drag the boulder uphill and let it roll down and then drag it up again till eternity. The child had innocently asked “Is our Joe (well, that’s his name) also Sisyphus”? He was very intent to know what his master thinks about him. But like all masters he too laughed it off. No good master should reveal his true opinion about his servants. A confused servant serves a better purpose than an opined servant.

Once he met a maverick colleague in the grass field. He was liberated by his master, but he was feeling abandoned.  He felt desolate and rejected due to identity crisis. He always took pride in being owned by his master, though when he was serving, he always cursed his master for being cruel and hard task master. Now when he was independent he remembered all the good qualities of his master. How much care he took of him, kept him warm in chilling winters and fed him good fodder even when he fell sick. Others took pity on him and tried to help him out, but he was also too arrogant to accept the help of others. Everybody thought he had no future, till one winter evening a lady who looked affluent by her carriage and dress, stopped near him. She found he was shivering so she asked his coach to find out that if there is no owner, he should be provided with shelter and fodder. Liberation always leads to some other kind of slavery. Frankly speaking, there is no true liberation. One amazing thing he found was that these affluent people always had a lot of pity for all types of our kind, but little or no mercy for their own kind. After some time he found that his colleague waited anxiously for the lady to take his care. He had gained good health, there was meat on his bones and he looked more well fed than his fellow grazers. What he did not know was that a group of wolves from nearby woods was making a conspiracy to attack on him at night.

Thankfully, he(Joe) had a short memory. Most of the time he lived in present and had no obsession to repeat what has happened in the past or to dream about what may happen in future. He could retrieve a few things from the immediate past, but that was all. He was truly happy with kind of mind set. He disliked his master when he mentioned very old incidents with great fondness or talk about prosperous future which would never come. He saw his short memory as a boon. It not only saved him from the vices of revenge, greed and anger, but also, prevented him from making silly mistakes like his master, who sometimes forgot to cover him with a blanket in the cold winter night and he had to shiver the whole night. May be he wanted to punish him for walking lethargically that day.

{The oxen are still being used in rural India to extract oil from oilseeds, where ox goes around an improvised wooden grinding machine. The oilcakes formed after extraction of oil are consumed by human as well as animals.}

© Vipin Behari Goyal Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/05/a-tale-of-castrated-bull.html


Ultimate Goal of Artist and Writers – Supervoid



Whatever is in the Cosmos is also in our body. Woodroffe says “Man is a microcosm, whatever exists in the outer world exists in him”. The Supervoid is as much part of our existence as it is of our Galaxy. May be we are as ignorant about ourselves as we are about the outer world.

The ‘void’ or ‘emptiness’ is felt by many human beings in the process of their growth. Though all human beings are born with the elements of this void, but only very few who become an artist, writer or scientist are able to fill the vacuum created by the void. The human aspires to be Superhuman, but are devoid of Supervoid. This tends to further the intensity of void which is yet to become dense enough to cause the Supervoid.

One can reach and realize void without shedding ‘ I ‘ but the journey from void to Supervoid is possible only after shedding all kinds of Ego permanently. Unfortunately, it is a Herculean task and no sincere efforts have been made in this direction.

It is not necessary that some super event would lead to the formation of Supervoid. A very small event, a trifle for ordinary man could be of great consequence for a receptive mind. It is not necessary that those who already suffer from the void are eligible for Supervoid. All types of creativity fills up this void to some extent, the perfection in creation makes it more intense, and only a super perfection could then fill thus formed Supervoid.

In the ancient world, it was Plotinus, who reached to that elevated stage and perceived the things which only a seer of Supervoid can perceive. His ‘True Human’ identified himself with that which was best in the universe. His idea of Eudaimonia (real happiness) is attainable only within consciousness.  Since the World is Conical it is totally devoid of people who aspire for “The Perfect Life” as envisaged by Plotinus. It will not be proper to call his work as Neoplatonic since his theory of ‘One’ was closer to Indian Philosophy of Non-Dualism.
p. Einstein took one step towards understanding the mysteries of Nature by his unification theory and Stephan Hawkins took next step, but the perfection is still very far. Perfection then would lead us to immortality which would be a great boon to top notch people of conical world, who have cryopreserved their dead bodies in that expectation.

© Vipin Behari Goyal Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/05/ultimate-goal-of-artist-and-writers.html


Is US ready for woman President

                     Fourth Wave Feminism

I sincerely think that we are over with Third Wave of feminism.

Without struggle for what we have achieved so far, we can head for Fourth Wave. 

Yes, we will have as many waves as possible to make our point. Since we are done with the issues of suffrage, social equality, sexual and reproductive rights, (pageants are no more cattle parades) and are comfortable with Neo-Marxist-psycho-analytically amalgamated version of eco-feminist Woman who is proud of being tagged as Bitch(a strong, angry, uncompromising woman who is not interested in pleasing a man) or a Slut (fun-loving, rebel, proud of assets). I think these two words should be used for both the genders since they define an attitude which is not gender based and is not uncommon in men also. A man can also be proudly assigned all those tags which he has so far kept reserved for women. I mean, why a man cannot be called a slut, especially if he is behaving like one. (Keeps many sexual partners and is unkempt).

Now when we enter into Fourth Wave we need a paradigm shift. So far women organizations were demanding rights or whatever from male dominated institutions. Suppose the women are Head of all the institutions and everywhere they are on the other side of the table questioning hegemony of patriarchal  rules.  All constitutions, law, rules and regulations are rewritten scraping any trace of bigotry against fair gender. In that case, suppose, rape would be redefined and punished in a way that blood of any male would freeze even with the thought of committing a rape (like public castration).

Nations need to be governed by women. In past Golda Meir, Indira Gandhi, Suu Kyi, Benazir Bhutto, Sirimavo Bhandarnaike (all Eastern countries’ leaders) have done well, but presently except Angela Merkel (Germany) no other major western country is led by a woman leader. Democracy in most of the Western Countries is not mature enough to be led by a woman.

In 2007 when Russian President Vladimir Putin took his giant dog Labrador when he went for a conference with Germany’s Angela Merkel. Having attacked by a dog in the year 1995 Merkel was obviously scared by proximity of an offensive looking dog. An apology has come a bit too late. CNN on 12 January 2016 explained that he didn’t mean to scare while Merkel said he did this to prove that he is a man. He is afraid of his own weakness. US will have to ensure that their female Head of Nation is not scared of any animal. Thankfully cockroach is not a pet animal.

In the year 2006, during G8 summit Bush had rubbed Merkel up the wrong way(The Guardian). Many countries might be waiting for their chance when a female takes over as President of US.

Irving Wallace should have written ‘The Woman’ instead of ‘The Man’.
p. © Vipin Behari Goyal
Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/04/is-us-ready-for-woman-president.html


Right to Fall from Grace

Right to Fall from Grace

Every person who enjoys a social statue earned by years of labor is always scared of society. He does not want to fall in the eyes of society. The society is conservatives, thrives on tradition and laws of puritans is its backbone. So you can never expect society to be "open minded", pragmatic, revolutionary and ahead of its Time. They do not change their rules easily. So they do not appreciate your falling from grace. Shakespeare in his sonnet 94 says-

“But if that flower with base infection meet

The basest weed outbraves his dignity”

The sin was committed when forbidden fruit was eaten and repercussions are still faced by the innocents for doing what they think is right. Even that society is not in the making which would permit an honest person to fall from grace without feeling guilty, insulted and conscious of it.

It needs braveness on the part of society to society in permitting people to fall from graces with dignity. Unfortunately, society is a bundle of callous, redundant and imbecile minds who collectively form a collective conscience, which is their mirror image, illuminated manifolds.

Those who do not want to follow the dictum of society are labeled as epicureans, and put in a prison of isolation or in the company of the same types like criminals or quarantined to save the honorable members of society from contamination.

Alfred Lord Tennyson was against providing any liberty so far as chastity and purity of home was concerned. Though he expected both husband and wife to follow the ideals. No amount of passions, however true and intense it may be, can excuse in his eyes for violating these ideals. Chastity and purity are not obsolete, and will never be obsolete.

                       “The Woman’s cause is Man’s;

                         They rise and sink together”

So fall of one is fall of another also.

Right of Dead to decent Burial

On the other hand same society has forgotten the age old Right of dead to decent burial. We are not talking the deads of a commoner, though it is debatable if the dead body of a king is superior to the dead body of a pauper, even many dignities were subjected to disgrace which brings shame to the whole humanity. The dead bodies of Saddam Husain or Osama Bin Laden were subjected to so much harsh treatment that one would wonder how much civilized we are.

In Shakespeare’s famous play Julius Caesar, Octavius says

“According to his virtue, let us use him

With all respect and rites of burial”

What made him think like that. He could have easily thrown the dead body of Brutus in the Mediterranean unceremoniously. Can a dead body be an enemy of anybody?

“The leaves of Grass” are being crushed by those who were supposed to protect it. What is their hope after this destruction? 

© Vipin Behari Goyal Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/04/right-to-fall-from-grace_6.html


The Hybrid Woman

Who is their Role Model

All movement for woman’s liberty, equality and feminism have led to the emergence of New Woman who is for all practical purposes a Hybrid Woman .

When someone is stranded in the marsh, all efforts to survive drag him/her deepest in pluff mud.

This paradoxical situation does not stop a person from making efforts unless some rescuer yells from the bank to stop making efforts and the subconscious mind acknowledges the possibility of survival.

There is no doubt that both the genders were bruised while walking shoulder to shoulder. The going got tough and the cost was born by society on the whole. But it helped to draw a conclusion “Women are the superior gender than men”.

Read a part of the act from the famous play ‘The Way of the World’ by William Congreve (1670-1729). The context is a marriage proposal between Mirabell and Milament,

Mirabell: Have you any more conditions to offer? Hitherto your demands are pretty reasonable.

Millamant: Trifles; as liberty to pay and receive visits to and from whom I please; to write and receive letters, without interrogatories or wry faces on your part; to wear what I please, and choose conversation with regard only to my own taste; to have no obligation upon me to converse with wits that I don’t like, because they are your acquaintance, or to be intimate with fools, because they may be your relations. Come to dinner when I please, dine in my dressing- room when I’m out of humour, without giving a reason. To have my closet inviolate; to be sole empress of my tea-table, which you must never presume to approach without first asking leave. And lastly, wherever I am, you shall always knock at the door before you come in.”

If women had an identity crisis three hundred years back(the play was published in the year 1700, when as always society was undergoing a transformation (restoration age), and women were sick of men (as always ), who took women for granted after marriage, they still are no way different and thus  justify the title “The Way of the World”.

When women were under the process of making (remember One is not born rather becomes a woman ~ Simone De Beauvoir) the society conspires to sow the seeds of inferiority complex in the subconscious mind of women and takes the yield of her conflicts. The women herself start enjoying the game and becomes sadomasochist.

Interestingly, the overlapping of the spheres of Psychological dimensions of the women are not in conflict with males but other females.

Some women are always smart enough to understand any effort made to scare them and plant seeds of inferiority complex and retort back.

In Hamlet Act 1 scene III Laertes say to her sister Ophelia

Fear it, Ophelia, fear it, my dear sister, And keep you in the rear of your affection, Out of the shot and danger of desire. The chariest maid is prodigal enough, If she unmask her beauty to the moon: Virtue itself ‘scapes not calumnious strokes: The canker galls the infants of the spring, Too oft before their buttons be disclosed, And in the morn and liquid dew of youth Contagious blastments are most imminent. Be wary then; best safety lies in fear: Youth to itself rebels, though none else near.

Ophelia refuses to be intimidated:

I shall the effect of this good lesson keep, As watchman to my heart. But, good my brother, Do not, as some ungracious pastors do, Show me the steep and thorny way to heaven; Whiles, like a puff’d and reckless libertine, Himself the primrose path of dalliance treads, And recks not his own rede.

© Vipin Behari Goyal Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/03/the-hybrid-woman.html


Post Colonial Literature ~ a misnomer

Us Versus Them

Whosoever  is responsible for coining this misnomer term has fulfilled his own objective of dividing culture of many nations into  Colonial and Post Colonial eras, in terms of a historical event that would ever remind the oppressed of their humiliating past. For political and economic purposes it could have been tolerable, but for art and literature it is sheer absurd. The word was easily picked up by West who have unlimited craving for establishing their superiority over the rest of the world.

No such distinction has been made for Second World War. It was a major event that divided history in two parts. So far as literature is concerned, it was termed  “Postmodern Literature” that was based on narrative techniques and style. And not on any historical or political event.

The cover page of Edward Said’s book ‘Orientalism’ shows naked butt of a teenage boy who is a snake charmer. It is funny that how the westerners are so overwhelmed by snake charmers of India. Due to humid subtropical climate of India and dense forest snakes were part of the vast biodiversity of India. Being an environmentalist since ancient time Indians did not kill snakes, rather they worshipped them. It was found that snakes dance to the tune of special musical instrument called Been and can be captured easily once they are hypnotized by snake charmers. So whenever snakes encroached in human territories of urban area, they were caught and deported back to their natural habitat. So what’s the big deal about it?

Black Skin White Mask(1952) written by Franz Fanon is a good attempt to understand the black people specially who move upward in the white dominated society and start wearing a white mask even when they go to sleep. One day they forget their original face and become a distorted version of Homo Sapiens. Any  person would behave strangely when subjected to all together different culture, and when whole race undergoes certain similar experiences it may lead to form a Collective Unconsciousness. The psychoanalysis can only play a small important role in determining and understanding the behavioral pattern of such race.

Bharati Mukherjee,   RK Narayan, Mahashweta Devi, Anita Desai, Arundhati Roy and Jhumpa Lahiri are some of the Indian writers who are labeled as post colonial writers.

Some defects in the dogma of Post Colonial Literature are mentioned here.

1. Loss of Identity : One of the popular belief is that ‘native’ suffered from loss of identity once they were decolonized. The literature created in languages other than English is not dominated by this subject. Very few writers wrote in English but either they did not live in colony or did not have firsthand experience of  colonial and postcolonial life.

2. Cultural Erosion: We can also call it cultural enrichment. This has happened in East as well as West. The history of English literature in Britain  from Anglo-Latin to late modernism and twenty first century literature shows their enrichment.

3. Value-Shift: Shifting of values is a constant phenomenon in any society. There could be difference of opinion on the issue whether values went up or down during certain time period. If we go by thumb rule that change is always good, the shift in values was imminent weather it was colony or not. The same shift happened in many other countries who were not colony at that time.

4. Us Versus Them: It is alleged that colonizer countries discarded everything that pertained to the culture of Colony and imposed their superiority. It is also said that despite the fact that many decolonized  countries continued to be dominated by their colonizers politically, economically and culturally. It needs to be analyzed with open mind and paradigm shift. The superpowers of the world have always dominated rest of the world. Out of 192 counties of the World how many countries have economic, political and cultural sovereignty. Since World is Conical there is always tug of war between Us and Them. p. 5. Inferiority Complex: Eurocentric Universalism takes for granted the superiority   of West and inferiority of East. This argument is also not tenable. Many Europeans like Max Muller, Schopenhauer, Sir John Woodruffs were highly impressed by Easter Culture. Many are still of the view that India would be World Guru in 21 Century and would lead the World from “Darkness to the Light”. 

There is need to change the nomenclature. The Indian English Literature is good for Indian writing in English. It has acquired a “Selfhood” by moving towards self assertion and self definition in is journey of two hundred years. It is tolerable to identify Literature by region but it is absolutely wrong to use a derogatory term like Post-Colonial Literature. The Stranger King needs a paradigm shift to come out of obsession to control culture of countries through economic measures.

Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/02/post-colonial-literature-misnomer.html


Why Amartya Sen wants to quit Nalanda University

To Be or Not To Be

Any academicians when he Heads the institution, whether educational or not, undergoes an intellectual dilemma to prove his excellence in converting a vision into reality. His mind is conditioned to focus on micro issues and not on solving the riddles created by  nexus between bureaucrats and politicians.

If that person is an academician by chance or by manipulation he would find ways to circumvent and fulfill personal ambitions while pampering inflated egos of powerful touts.

But a true academician would truly feel relieved when the top brass who neither have any understanding or practical experience to run an institution of Higher Education of international stature would spend hours, days, weeks and months to take a decision on the issue on which some of the best brains of the world have opinioned anonymously.

This is not unfortunate, we had been doing it for last 68 years  shamelessly, and being head of a whole redundant fleet of the executives we are able to send a message to this rotten white elephant to go as slow as possible. The unfortunate part is making a mess of the whole situation and not allowing any honorable retreat.

This reflects on the value system of the whole society. The selfish motives, the vested political interest and a false pride dominate the voice of conscience. The fiscal aspect overshadows ultimate aim of the welfare of mankind. The Bureaucrats are baffled by a handsome package of salary offered to higher dignities to run the university  in the best possible manner and want to avenge by letting them down at every possible opportunity.

The scholars are more sentimental than anybody else. They know their genius is an Act of God. So, they want to serve their country. They sacrifice best offers, best working conditions, unlimited financial grant at their disposal which would only need a two line certificate from them that the grant has been used for public purposes. They opt for assignment to serve their motherland, despite the warnings of the peers and  well-wishers. While silently and meticulously they fulfills their long cherished dreams, they also await the day when their well earned reputation will be jeopardized by some shallow accusations or  constraints would be created to hinder their work and tarnish image.

The non intellectuals have this inborn jealousy with intellectuals and they manipulate to win the race to prove their superiority. (Detailed theory in Tall Man Small Shadow) . Intellectuals have no grudge, they happily retreat, since they need not to prove themselves before petty people. p. In Disgrace J.M. Coetzee says “He continues to teach because it provides him with a livelihood; also because it teaches him humility, brings it home with him who he is in the world. The irony does not escape him: that the one who comes to teach learns the keenest of lessons, while those who come to learn learn nothing.”

The only thing that matters is what is the cost you are ready to pay for those lessons. Best lessons don’t come cheap.

The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teachingfunded study of race relations provided funds to to Gunnar Myrdal  a Swedish Nobel Laureate in Economics  for conducting his monumental work An American Dilemma: The Negro Problem and Modern Democracy. His work was quoted in many Judgments by Judiciary of United States of America.

 When the option is to quit or to Act, to Act is definitely the right way.

© Vipin Behari Goyal Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/02/why-amartya-sen-wants-to-quit-nalanda.html


Old Order Changeth Yielding Place to New

                                                   Socialism in Capitalism

* Alfred Tennyson *

* Joseph Schumpeter * in his book ‘Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy (1942) blame Capitalism for incessant revival of economic structure where Old one is replaced by New one incessantly. Some economist finds  his theory of ‘Creative Destruction’ as a major breakthrough that solves many riddles of the economic trends of the World.

The article published in Washington Post republished in The Hindu (17 Feb 2015) has raised an issue if all destruction is creative or only certain destructions are creative and the rest are just destructive.

There cannot be two opinions that New obliterates Old, either for good or for bad. We can rely on the poetics whenever an ethical question is raised. The intuitive dictum of a poet goes beyond the realm of super specialists viz. Scientist and Economist who are too focused and thus overlook what is obvious. Albert Tennyson says that place is yielded by old for new, thus new is invited and welcomed by old to replace it, so that it may now rest in peace.

The God who is nature or some cosmic power is combination of Light, Energy and Action, which destroys everything that gets redundant and replaces it by New that would sustain to the incessant growth and expansion of universe eventuating Evolution. The Evolution is not restricted to Biological Evolution but is evident in every walk of life, be it Economic, Social or Political.

The example quoted about internet related disruption is rudimentary since it is surprising that why the whole world which is so tiny in comparison to our Galaxy is still not connected by single Wi-Fi system which should be randomly and freely available to all the citizens of Planet Earth. Not only one, but there should be many such systems working simultaneously to avoid any disruption.

The labour productivity should decline with the advancement of technologies. The Drone has just come, and it has already started playing wonders. In recent future it is going to revolutionize whole transport and delivery system. This can be seen as a healthy trend in Economics and the surplus labour can be trained to perform other more productive activities.

Defence consumes a major chunk of World Wealth. Scientist work hard to find precise and effective methods to destroy human civilization. In the process of experiments and trials they have have already started killing Biosphere on Earth. How this destruction is going to enhance creation is yet to be determined.

The catastrophe of the doomsday would prove the prediction of Albert Einstein correct Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/02/old-order-changeth-yielding-place-to-new_18.html


Things Fall Apart

Vipin Behari Goyal~Author’s Diction

English Literature Blog publishing Articles,Essays and Research Papers based on Fiction and Non Fiction, Theories,Criticism, Creative Writing etc. Author and Copyright : Vipin Behari Goyal Author of several English novels.

Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/02/things-fall-apart.html


Women in Combat Role

It is a surprise that in a democratic country where Executive should be proactive, pragmatic and reformative has become  obsolete, redundant lethargic and corrupt and they need to be directed by Judiciary in the matters that pertain to common sense. The Delhi High Court in 2010 in a judgement directed that women officers in defence services should be given permanent commission. The Hon’ble Court pronounced that it was not some charity being sought, but enforcement of their constitutional rights.

Air Force and Navy were prudent enough to comply with the orders, but Indian Army appealed in the Supreme Court against the judgement of Delhi High Court. The army has given arguments that the bulk of army’s Junior Commissioned Officers and other ranks hail from rural India who are not yet ready to a woman as their leader in combat situations.

It is hard to believe that this argument is given in a country, which is known for women chivalry. Queen of Jhansi Laxmi Bai, Rani Velu Nachiyar, Kitturu Rani Chennamma, Rani Rudrama Devi, Maharani Tara Bai, Chandbibi of Ahmednagar, Rani Abbbakka Devi are some of the women from the recent past of Indian History who gallantly fought wars against British, Portuguese or Mugahals.

The chief of all the armies works under the command of the President of India, who till recently was a woman Mrs. Pratibha Patil. This shows a dichotomy in the philosophy of hierarchy in a system, which we trust to be perfectly operative.

 In M.B.M. Engineering College, Jodhpur girls were not given admission in Mining Branch until last year when a girl appealed to the High Court. Hon’ble High Court rejected all types of funny arguments about the incapability of women and sternly directed the Engineering College to open the branch for willing, meritorious girls.

What is the hostile environment woman may face if given a combat role? They have consistently proved equal or rather better than their male counterparts in all walks of life including Defence Services. It would need a chauvinistic male to deny this fact.

We can do better than that. It is the high time to get rid of prejudices and honourably accept, anything that is just and reasonable.

The Psychosocial analysis of the Women in Combat Role

1. Natural Instinct: It is a natural instinct in all animals to follow women orders. All human beings receive their first commands of life from a woman who is their mother. When they receive a command, a command in a female voice, it is more natural for them to act reflexively. All stimuli received by sense organs are carried to mind which has conditioning. In some services, this conditioning is of prime importance. Once the bonding in stimuli and responses is established it bears many sweet fruits.

2. Better Strategist: The inborn insecurity in women makes them better strategist. They are quick in identifying the weaknesses of enemies and make use of it while forming a strategy for attack. They are also quick to retreat and wait patiently for an opportunity to encounter. Males on the other hand due to their false Ego do not retreat easily and delay in decision causes loss of many lives.

3. Improved E.Q.: Women are quick to adapt themselves in new circumstances. They have stronger Emotional Quotient. This is one of the most essential qualities of the persons in command.

4. Decision Makers: Marketing has become a combat with enhanced commercialization. The Indian Women have proved their excellence as CEO of many multinational companies. They have proved that they are capable of taking correct and timely decision on the important issues.

5. Superior Sixth Sense: This is established fact that women have better sixth sense. Their clairvoyant abilities give a new dimension to the age-old practices in discovering pragmatic ways of accomplishing the mission.

[* 6. Furious in Rage: *] They are capable ofmaking full use of their will power when enraged. Every woman is said to be Durga or Kali when enraged. This energy is that extra margin that becomes decisive in all combats.

7. An advantage over Pakistan: Presence of Women in Military would definitely make our Army superior to its sworn enemies. Hamza Yusuf, an Islamic scholar, has made several comments about Islam and terrorism. “The Prophet Muhammad said, ‘Do not kill women or children or non-combatants and do not kill old people or religious people….’.

8. International Scenario: The United Nations recommends the balance of men to women on military vessels should be 70-30. However, the Navy has obeyed the decision of Delhi High Court, but is still far behind in maintaining the ratio. Eighty one per cent women said they wanted to be in combat roles because it was challenging.

[* 9. Multi Tasking: ] Women are expert, so far as multi tasking is concerned[.*] In War this is one of the most essential qualities. A troop has its own social dynamics and needs to be handled with diligence. The core values and prioritization helps in handling multi tasking aptly.

10. Identifying the Role: Once given the opportunity to prove themselves apparently they would make all the efforts to define and identify their role in the militia. The preconception of society that Military is male institution is giving way and new seeds that have germinated in the crevices of the igneous rocks are ready to flourish and prosper.


4 September 2015

Delhi High Court allows permanent commission to women officers of Indian Navy.

Justice Najmi Waziri said “Court would frown upon any endeavour which tries to restrain progress of women”.

[* © Vipin Behari Goyal *]

[*   *] Author, Advocate, Feminist Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/02/women-in-combat-role.html


Is World a Museum?

                                            Literature for Social-Transformation

Amanda in ‘The Glass Menagerie’ (Tennessee Williams) is flabbergasted by her daughter Laura and retorts that there must be more to life than her glass menagerie.

We all can wonder if there is?   Every one of us has his own Glass Menagerie to watch. The name of the wild animal is Homo sapiens but the species are further classified in to extremist, terrorist, druggist, lunatics, capitalist, communist and idealist who are another type of fanatics or fundamentalist.

All onlookers  watch and decide their own role models or to go for a  prototype hitherto unknown to the curator (God?) of this World Museum. Never be afraid of being first of your own type. Though later or sooner you would know how many have already trodden the path chosen by you.

The materialism has so much stereotyped the society that one is easily tempted to be different. Psychological needs compel us to presume that I am different. That decides on which side of Menagerie we are. The uniqueness assigned to anyone by friends and peers is always tinted with some ulterior motives and as soon as it is served one is thrown back on the heap of materialistic mediocrity.

These materialistic mediocre are the only persons who are awed by everything. They always wait for a miraculous opportunity that never knocks on their door. They are gregarious in nature and are herded together in a larger cage in the glass Menagerie of the World. The political leaders see them as hungry Vote Bank who is fond of Day Dreaming. So they make promises that anyone can guess would never be delivered, but hungry always believe promise of bread.

If the Menagerie is divided in just two compartments, we find one is way to too very small in comparison to other. When we compare their wilderness we are astonished to notice that those in smaller cage which has every facility of the world are wilder than the big cage which does not even have bare minimum needs required to survive. They often see perishing weak and out of insecurity propagate rapidly. Oftentimes they are faster than rabbits when commanded in the name of religion.

Now travelling has become an industry and tourist select the country on the basis of Museum they are interested in. There are Cultural Museums, Monumental or Historical Museums, Modern Museums, Spiritualistic Museums and so on and so forth.

Tourist visiting India have following items on their itinerary:

1.Taj Mahal- History

2.Benaras- Spiritualism

3.One Metropolitan city-modern culture

4. Village Safari

5. Camel/Elephant Safari

6. One Indian marriage

7. One Yoga Camp

8. One Sadhu/ Guru

9. Pictures of slums and poverty

Likewise the conducted tours of Europe  shows the glimpses of famous touristic places like Eiffel Tower, Louvre, Big Ben, Westminster, Pisa, Vatican and Venice. The tourist get a feel of the place but develop no insight into the culture of the country.

No one is bothered about a healthy debate on values of different countries and their prioritisation on international level to have uniformity in Value- System that is ideal for coming generations of Global Village.

In Worldis Conical the top-notch people are responsible for most of the ailments World is suffering today. They control the world, the best-off  1% who already have 48% of the world wealth and would soon have 99% of world health(World Economic Forum 2015 at Davos) are the people who have made the world a museum.

The authors who create literature can be instrumental in preserving culture and spearhead the social transformation in proper direction, but alas they have become escapist and writing ‘Boy meets Girl’ type of stories.

[* © Vipin Behari Goyal *] Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/01/is-world-museum.html


Mood Swings and Creative Persons

p. 1. It’s not a Psychiatric problem.  You are lost in a jugglery of words having complicated interpretations of day-to-day words like anxiety, depression, euphoria that would sound as serious psychological disorders. It is not a sickness so there is no remedy for it. Any type of medication could be addictive. So it is better to make use of both the types of mood.

2. It mostly has a duration, like a pendulum or a swing; the velocity and duration have a fixed pattern. One can even maintain a diary to identify the pattern of cycle of occurrence of swing. Water is one of the major constituents of our body. Like oceans have tides due to phases of the moon, the mood swings are like tides governed by our inner moon. Remember IQ84 by Murakami. The whole book revolves round the theory of  “Two Moon”. The Author has given very fine symbolic narration of situations under which the characters see two moons in the sky.

3. The intensity of the swing is very important. It may depend on whether you resist or give up to it. You have to evolve a strategy to win it over. The awareness is a useful instrument. Everyone is best judge of his mood if he or she is aware of it. The famous book “An Unquiet Mind: A Memoir of Moods and Madness” by Kay Redfield Jamison is good for those who are comfortable with technical details of the things.

4. Unfortunately, much literary fiction about characters suffering from mood swing is not written. May be because most of the writers also suffer from it so they take it as a normal human behaviour. Only those who do not utilize the energy transformation of mood swing fall in the trap and slide unrestrained.

5. One may think that swings happen for no reason. But it is not so. Sometimes the activity that sets the ball rolling is apparent, often it is hidden. A scene in a movie, a dialogue or even a word from a friend or relative, a novel that you are reading, a dream, an innocent remark or even a compliment may have a connotation in your mind to open the floodgates that would drown you in emotions.

6. Benevolent and generous people are more prone to mood swings. These qualities need to be nurtured. If one constantly ignores the impulses of generosity it leads to self-condemnation or self-pity. Little effort is required to pull the strength and go out in search of a person who needs your help. If he is not on the first corner around, he is definitely on the second.

7. The creativity has numerous outlets. The writers, painters, musicians, dancers, architects and designers are popular forms of creative arts, but the list is endless. Technology has expanded the span up to infinity.

8. Three Boxes Theory: We know what is to be found in the two boxes on the right and left (being Bipolar), but the middle box is the surprise. Something different is always coming out of it. That’s the impulsive box, about which no prediction can be made. Society craves for predictability; mature and prudent people always condemn anything unpredictable. They have no objection so far as someone is diagnosed as BP and is taking treatment for it; they only want to snatch away the middle box. 

9. Moods have no gender bias. They affect male and females equally. Some people are able to face it squarely, overcome it and are known for their creativity. We know that many creative and talented people have ruined their life since they were not able to cope up with their mood swings. Females may pretend a weakness to seek support and attention and male pretend to be strong and supportive for the same reason. It is a myth that Females are more emotional and thus more prone to mood swings. In patriarchal society male has an ulterior motive to  serve by keeping woman weak.

10. The role of chemistry has been yet not fully explored. The secretions of the endocrine glands are called Hormones, which are chemicals. The secretion is an involuntary function so human beings are at the vagaries of the mood. The science of Yoga describes six plexus or chakras that control the working of endocrine glands. If the process is learnt under guidance of a teacher, you will surely be a master of your moods.

© Vipin Behari Goyal

[* *]Author, Spiritual Counselor Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/01/mood-swings-and-creative-persons.html


Does Utilitarianism Concedes Terrorism

World is Conical” (Part ii)

The whole community could be wrong in perceiving a fact. Majority cannot be the criterion for determination of Truth. Many of the notions with the advancement of civilization have changed drastically and taboos turn into fad and superstitions are proved scientifically.

What is condemned today is revered tomorrow. What is mutiny for one country is revolution for another country. Why someone had to say Everything is fair in Love and War. And War there is, since Love is also having all the ingredients of war. The purpose is to gain a victory which is a stepping stone for Happiness.

According to John Stuart Mill  happiness is the sole basis of morality, and that people never desire anything but happiness. The people’s achievement of goals and ends, such as virtuous living, should be counted as part of their happiness. The determination of Goal is a prerogative of all individuals, communities, cultures, ethnic groups and organizations. The rights of unorganized sectors are usually ignored by capitalists who configures Spherical Excess of this Spherical Triangle called World.

The unorganized sector has a hidden agenda. It needs to be discussed with an open mind and resolved with compassion. Instead of that the Capitalist Cruel Cons (CCC) draw sadistic pleasure in not only making Poor Poorer but also in making them crawl for meager means of survival.

Moreover, they feel offended if oppressed try to unite or try to draw the attention of the World towards their problem. The problems all over the World have become complicated by external intervention. The intervention is not with the pious objective of resolving a problem, but with some ulterior motive of taking advantage of some God gift like Oil or Diamonds or for selling weapons which also indirectly helps in occupying natural resources.

This greed is the sole cause of violence the humanity is facing today.

Fire and Ice

Some say the world will end in fire,

Some say in ice.

From what I’ve tasted of desire

I hold with those who favor fire.

But if it had to perish twice,

I think I know enough of hate

To say that for destruction ice

Is also great

And would suffice.

Remember what Robert Frost said in his Poem “Fire and Ice

Some say the world will end in fire,

Some say in ice.

From what I’ve tasted of desire

I hold with those who favor fire.

But if it had to perish twice,

I think I know enough of hate

To say that for destruction ice

Is also great

And would suffice.

Sun Tzu in his book ‘Art of War’ says

“Emerge from the void, strike at vulnerable points, shun places that are defended, attack in unexpected quarters”

“Attack him where he is unprepared, appear where you are not expected.”

Even if despite Police protection, several threatening and  warnings the attackers succeed, despite a Police cordon one can escape it raises doubt about who is more organized and intelligent. If we have a history of appeasement the morale of law enforcement agency is already jeopardized.

Every one has a right to be more sensitive than others on certain issues. When advantage of this weakness is taken by one agency to earn popularity and money, it opens the door for another party to exploit your vulnerability. How the pain of one could be different from the pain of another when all shoes are pinching.

Mill in Utilitarianism says “The sentiments of justice, in that one of its elements which consists of the desire to punish, is thus, I conceive, the natural feeling of retaliation or vengeance, rendered by intellect and sympathy applicable to those injuries, that is, to those hurts, which wound us through, or in common with, society at large.”

He concludes “Things appear either just or unjust, according to the light in which they are regarded.”

What if we retrospect with an open mind and identify the acts that are responsible for our present situation, we may acknowledge the choices and free will Sartre talks about were not only applicable to individuals but nations also.

© Vipin Behari Goyal

Excerpts from his unpublished book “World is Conical” Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/01/does-utilitarianism-concedes-terrorism.html


Make -Up Your Break-Up

The worst is Over: Make-Up your Break-Up©


Makeup is multidimensional phenomenon and you have to exhaust all possible aspects of it to get rid of the hangover of break up.

Easier said than done. So far there was a hope “Everything is going to turn out fine”, “It is a temporary phase, we would come out of it”, “We will forgive and forget”, “Happy days are just around the corner”, “It’s a nightmare. It’s not real” was the game you were playing with your mind.

Here are few remedies:

It takes time to precipitate. The more you were caught in the whirlwind the more time it is likely to take. The world was not spinning, you just imagined it. When precipitation is over you can see the things clearly. You may exclaim “Oh, My God, was I blind not to see it before. No you were not! You were just caught in the spell of a Magician. Learn to play tricks of Magician here.
p. 2. Travel Far and Wide:

The farther you go, better you would feel. Antarctica is not a great destination. Choose a country which is rich in history, culture and social values. A poor country would change your perspective. You will be amazed how people are coping with the failures of life. Travel like a traveler and not like a tourist. Even if you are rich travel by ordinary means of transport, stay in cheaper lodges and mingle with local people.

If the country has spiritual heritage, it could change you dramatically and drastically.

3. Pull or Push:

To come out of the situation you are strangled in, either you have to Push or Pull. It is not an ordinary dilemma, but a Metaphysical one. The option is to choose between “Free Will” and “Determinism”. Either take the responsibility for the situation you are in or accept it as your destiny.

You can read how it affects your life here. p. 4. Paper has more patience than People:

Pen it down ! Whatever, and of course whatever is your exact feelings, pen them down. Do not relive those moments, you are already over them. Be a spectator and see what happened as a third person. It is Catharsis and it is going to calm down your nerves.

5. Read Best Literature:

 Read the best literature of the World. Ultimately a book will land in your hands that would give you more solace than anything you have tried so far.

Some of the best books are “The end of affair “ by Graham Green “Licks of Love” by John Updike and “The company she keeps” by Mary McCarthy. Read some Philosophical books like “Why bad things happen to good people” by Harold Kushner and “Notes from the underground” by Fyodor Dostoevsky.

The most simple meaning is to apply Cosmetics especially to the face. So do that. It is strange. You are melancholic but a light make up would enhance your beauty. Otherwise also, human look more glamorous when desolate. Gloom is aesthetic emotion. You have a chance to test the aesthetics of the people around you.

Second, Make-Up means  ‘be reconciled after a quarrel’. Though you have already ruled out this possibility and have made up your mind that you can not be together even if you are the only Homo  Sapiens left on Earth. Despite our all despise the chance exists.

Third, Make Up for lost time. It’s ages since you lost contact with your real world. You have ignored your friends and  relatives who really cared for you, for a stranger. Its high time you patch up with them. They would understand, or maybe they would care more. Also make up for lost time with your hobbies. Read the half finished book with a mark, waiting eagerly to be touched by you. Take care of your garden that once you reared so carefully. Mow the lawn, weed out as you have weeded out memories, water the plants and talk to your favorite trees. Say sorry that you ignored them all the while.

Most important meaning of Make-Up is ‘the physical, mental, and moral character of a person’. So this is the Acid Test of your character.

Its high time you prove yourself.

Part I here 

Wish You A Happy Break-Up :You Deserve Better

Part II here

Wish you happy Break-Up: Real Life -Style

© Vipin Behari Goyal

Excerpts from his Book “The Worst is Over”

Author is also Advocate at Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2015/01/the-worstis-over-make-up-your-break-up.html


Wish You A Happy Break-Up :You Deserve Better

In many Tribal Communities and now advance communities Polyamory or Polyfidelitous, where more than two persons consent for Group Marriage depending upon their sexual orientation, would lead to an alternate society. It could be a Line Marriage if both partners agree to invite any third person of either gender to be a part of the family to save their stale marriage life.

Two great Indian Epics Ramayana and Mahabharata have many examples of such group marriages. In Ramayana Bali and Sugriva who were twin tribal brothers had Tara as their wife, father of Rama had three wives and in Mahabharata Five brothers had one wife and Krishna had innumerable wives.

Materialism has made human egocentric and possessive. He has become bundles of the negative qualities of other animals. Made for each other is a myth which suits aristocratic apologists who were anti feminist and were always scared of powerful women. In other words, the authority of church or any religious institution to provide a certificate of approval and declare loving couple as ‘man and wife’ till death do them apart, was a conspiracy of the society.

This complementary relationship with ‘ The other half ‘ or ‘ Better half ‘ is Utopian which is fictional in origin. Art and literature, especially poetry was invented by Man to appease women for ulterior motives. Woman at a point of time acts naive and is flattered to the advantage of man.

From Buddha (Unfathomably deep, deep like a fish course in the water is the character of a woman)  to Freud (‘The great question that has never been answered, and which I have not yet been able to answer, despite my thirty years of research into the feminine soul, is “What does a woman want?” – Sigmund Freud: Life and Work)  women were proclaimed to be mysterious, not because they are, but because it helps  promoting chauvinism and gender-superiority.

Acknowledge these Five types of relationship which always exists when Dynamics of any Relationship are explored (explained in detail in the book “Worst is Over”)

1. Sustainable Relationship: Are those relationships which ‘takes less and gives more’. They lead to enrichment and nourishment of relationship.

2. Love-Hate Relationship: More you love, more likely you would hate. They go together. Some exercises may help you identify the proportion of each in your relationship.

3. Vacuumised Relationship: Why do you prefer to buy vacuumised packs of eatables. They keep the things fresh. That is how a vacuumised relationship always remains fresh.

4. Oedipus-Electra Relationship: Woman searches the quality of her father and Man searches for the qualities of his mother in their  relationship. It leads them to disappointment in each other.

5. Naturalistic Relationship: Relationship would grow only if it is naturalistic and leads to emptiness or quiescence. When the pendulum is going on one side, it is gaining energy to reach on the other side.

Dynamics of Organizational behavior are easy to handle, but the dynamics of the relationship between two individuals has more dimensions than one can imagine.

As it is said  “Better Luck Next Time”

© Vipin Behari Goyal

Excerpts from his Book “The Worst is Over”

Author is also Advocate at Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2014/12/wish-you-happy-break-up-you-deserve.html


Wish you happy Break-Up: Real Life -Style

                       Dynamics of Healthy and Sick Relationship


Graphs are great instruments to understand the phenomenon of life. Just like Yantra in Hinduism is a geometrical representation of  Mantra, embodiment of power house to recharge the battery of life, similarly  graph also help  in understanding  the contours of life.

The journey at Plateau from Point B to Point D is very important. It is not necessary, you would have only one dip at Point C, on the contrary the road is quite bumpy and it is more important that after every dip both the individuals feel a growth as a human being, which is the ultimate object of any relationship.

As we have seen earlier all relationships have different equation, so they have different remedies to rectify the imbalance. As our body yearns for harmony so does all relationship tends to be harmonious. We can only generalize some of the most common factors causing imbalance: p. 1. Boredom: One of the most common cause is boredom. If both the partners are creative and innovative, they soon find out a way to kill the boredom and head ahead.. If both are non creative, they may not feel that boredom has crept in and would be killed by it unknowingly. If either of them is creative he/she has a greater amount of trouble than the first two types. The non creative partner acts as dead weight and all the efforts made by creative one are laughed at and ridiculed.

2. Aggression: Second deadly emotion is aggression. It does not mean being aggressive towards your partner. It means ‘Aggressive Life Style’. It means ‘snatching by walking into the other’s territory’. If either of the partners has aggressive life style and other is not extraordinarily meek, they would quarrel in public like two crazy people and if another partner is meek he /she would slip out of bed one fine night and walk away.

3. Satirical: Being satirical is worse than domestic violence victimization. Domestic violence has lots of support from society and law, but you can’t call the Police if your partner has just passed a satirical comment leaving you speechless and battered. The quality of satires may vary depending upon the intellectual level of couple. A single satire in appropriate situation may lead to the breakup. The idea is to control the desire to pass a satire or revert back with a satire. It could save a relationship.

4. Consensual:  Consensual couple is likely to break up earlier. Being always consensual starts sending red signals and if the other partner is not an asshole he would know that their relationship is now terminable at any moment. Nagging is not the remedy or could be worse. The idea is to suggest something better or to come out with a better alternative to the proposal of your partner, not to make him feel inferior, but to show that there is application of mind on your part also. If done tactfully it could lead to a magical relationship.

5. Timidity: The moment your partner realizes that you are very  timid, he/she  would emotionally blackmail you, till you collapse in self pity. If you are not brave, you can’t pretend to be brave all the time. But you have to take a stand once a while and stick to it with firmness. Your partner would be agitated by such unpredictable behavior, but it would leave him amazed and you could see a new respect in his/her eyes for you.

Past, howsoever bitter it may be has sweet memories. So, cherish the memories of all that happened between you, when the graph after Point D would take up an upward turn and take your relationship to a new height.

Other related Post

Make-Up Your Break Up 

Myth of Made for Each Other                                                                                                                            

© Vipin Behari Goyal

Excerpts from his Book “The Worst is Over”

Author is also Advocate at Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2014/12/wish-you-happy-break-up-real-life-style.html


Wish you a Happy Break-Up: In Literary Style

“Nothing would have delighted me more than to hear that she was sick, unhappy, dying.“-The End of the Affair by Graham Greene

If you think your relationship is heading towards a breakup, you have already reached there.

Now it’s only the matter of Time.

Thumb Rule is ‘The Earlier the Better”

It may sound callous, but it’s a hard fact that early acknowledgement saves your self esteem and hurt does not bleed excessively. Here are the Ten Commandments that effect Adam-Eve Relationship.

1. Arithmetic of Relationship:  

Howsoever we may despise to admit the fact this age old institution of “relationship between opposite sex” is governed by certain Theories of Arithmetic”. The Basic principle of  2+2=4 applies to this relationship also. When in love or possessed by love the couple starts believing that 1+1=1. This is an undeniable eternal truth that  two different entities if merge to become one, they have to lose all the earlier attributes attached to the identity created consciously or subconsciously to project a self-image.  

Ultimately, any effort  to violate the Rules of Arithmetic is futile and the temporary Unification leads to permanent Diversification.

Avoid  ‘I is you’ and ‘You is me’  feeling at any cost. Remain two islands connected by a bridge of Love, if you want your relationship to be eternal.

2. Search for the Philosophy of relationship:

 As no two individuals are alike, so are no two relationships alike in the whole world. ‘Every couple in Love’ is governed by a different and unique philosophy that defines their relationship. 

Never imitate a character of a novel you liked most, any actor or actress you are influenced with in real or on screen life, your friends or foes.

It is one of the most difficult parts. Because our logical part of the mind is diagonally  opposite to emotional mind and it needs two minds to draw an understanding of a Philosophy, to which both of them agree. If it is achieved, you are glued forever.

3. Possessiveness versus Permissiveness

The root cause of all evils is ‘Me’ and ‘Mine’. The attachment can best be enjoyed by a detached outlook on life. Like a drop of water on a lotus leaf. It is there without soaking leaf. It is easier said than done. It is a mental state or ‘Conditioning of mind to be Unconditioned.’ 

Like all great things come from perseverance, this mental state also comes by hard toil.

All attachments are like wound on a dog. He loves to lick them. Don’t lick your wounds. Do not draw any sadistic pleasure out of it. It is pettiest to have a self pity. You simply didn’t own what you have lost. How can you regret losing something that was not yours.

The first moment when one realizes being possessive should act immediately to overcome it. The cure usually lies in the ailment itself. The act of your partner that made you jealous, gave a pang in your heart or made you melancholic, grant him permission to act like that. Initially, it may look hard, but gradually you would feel that you are more in control of the situation than your partner is.

Chances are that your partner would feel guilty and would come back to you.

Do not cry in either of the situation. If at all you need to, do it privately with lot of Tissue Paper around, but never search for a shoulder when you want to cry, and at least never on the shoulder of your partner.

4. Life is Journey, Relationships are Conveyance:

Look at it like this. Life is long beautiful journey and it passes through different terrains, which makes the whole journey an interesting adventure.

Some conveyances are God gifted and others you can choose. Those we are born with are most easy to handle. Since we have no alternatives for those relations, we learn to accept them by birth. Even if there is some superficial change like Break-Up of parents the relation by blood never ends.

One must own the responsibility of having chosen a relationship. Usually the defense-mechanism of the mind does not permit us to take the responsibility and a blame game ensues.

5. Stretch your Plateau

See the chart. The intensity of the relationship decreases with the passage of time. You have to expand the plateau that is the span, when you have maximum intensity for each other. Most of the relationship recedes to E after the first depression at C. If both are wise, they work out the cause and mend the relationship which makes it more sound.


© Vipin Behari Goyal

Excerpts from his Book “The Worst is Over”

Author is also Advocate at Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2014/12/wish-you-happy-break-up-in-literary.html



The whole world is in the grip of unprecedented violence. May be this is high time we resolve to spend  the year 2015 without any incidence of violence. The fire of violence that spreads from Ferguson to Peshawar has reached to the zenith of Shame for the Mankind.

Mahatma Gandhi was an epitome of nonviolence. The world and so called advance  civilization of the sense-fettered earth-bound mankind saw their mundane benefits in not appreciating the virtues of non-violence. Gandhi did not get any Nobel Peace Prize though he was the greatest champion of  Peace and non-violence. The violent people saw great opportunity in this and they not only shot him dead, but also replaced Gods with Guns in temples, mosque and churches. The violence got its shelter in the arms of religion.

Violence is not the irrational killing of a non white youth or innocent children, but is also hurting feelings of anyone by thought, words or action.

Gandhi went one step ahead and said “Poverty is also violence”. So those who become rich by exploiting poor are the most violent type of people.

In the list of 183 countries published by IMF Afghanistan stands at rank  166 with GDP 678 USD per capita against  9 Rank of USA with 53001 USD GDP per capita. Not that it needs a Statistician to draw the conclusion. If some Economies are 1000 times stronger, obliviously they have overlooked some of their fundamental duties.

The racial prejudices are hampering the growth of certain races. In US$33,321 is the [* ]annual median income of black households in 2012, compared with the nation at $51,017 and [ 27.2% is *] the poverty rate in 2012 for blacks, while nationally it was 15.0 percent.

Two data to understand two incidents. To own the responsibility. To face the situation squarely. To shift the paradigm. To plan the future of mankind with an open mind. To get rid off blame, counter blame game. Who would do it. Politicians. No, Never, their vested interest is not in the suffering of the mankind, but in popularity that would enhance their grip on their vote bank.

There would be no use of scaling the problem as a politician, sociologist or economist. The solution lies in understanding the problem  Philosophically and Psychologically as a human being. All solutions are very apparent provided we come over our prejudices and see the emergence of  the New Planet Earth.

In the novel The Possessed by Fyodor Dostoyevsky the revolutionary chooses Nikolai as the main target since he thinks that Nikolai has no sympathy for mankind.  The author was inspired real life revolutionary group “People’s Vengeance”.

In The Penal Colony by Kafka the “condemned man” is found guilty without any procedure or trial. It could be same as Guantanamo Bay Detention Camp or “The Torture Garden” of Octave Mirbeau. May be the person who tends to be violence are having the same opinion as Jean Paul Sartre’s  “L’enfer, c’est les autres” or “Hell is other people”. The “Terrorist” by John Updike remains one of the despised books by Americans, though the author has wisely woven the plot to understand the problem through Ahmad Ashmawy Mulloy.

Paulo Coelho on his blog has expressed his views in dubious language about fighting injustice.

© Vipin Behari Goyal

Author is also Advocate at Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2014/12/the-origin-of-violence.html


Mysticism in English Literature

Whatever is unexaplainable in the cosmos is a mystery. Whenever an author is possessed by some spirit he writes a mystical novel almost in trance. Mysticism is like peels of an onion. The texture would change with every peel, but ultimately a hollowness would make a mockery of all the efforts.

All books based on Premonition, Sixth sense, Supernatural, Absolute, Macro and Microcosm, Holy Grail, Miracles, God and Guru can be classified as mysticism, though list is not exhaustive and is expandable by imagination.

Many authors make the mystery more complicated by the narration. Oftentimes, readers too expect application of mind to read the book. Simplicity of language and narration leads to disappointment. They think Mysticism is prerogative of certain intellectual minds.

An author should avoid writing a book on Mysticism unless he has some first hand experience of the events he wants to narrate. It can not be a Fiction without foundation of True Knowledge. Otherwise, any prudent reader would discard the book after a few pages.

On the other hand, if the book is Realistic and complications of Life and Philosophy are handled carefully a casual reader would not be able to appreciate it. Because he is not on The Path, the path that leads to self realization. So he looses connection with the plot and characters and throws the book out from the nearest window.

William Blake when he says “Prisons are built with stones of Law, Brothels with bricks of Religion…” Or the Emerson’s notion that “…Different races will eventually mix in America. This hybridization process would lead to a superior race that would be to the advantage of the superiority of the United States” and Goethe when he says  “Where one day she’ll be glimpsed: creature who’ll scorch me with love?” are actually talking about their ability to observe and discern.

Mysticism in a way symbolizes Eroticism. The seeds of solution for Mysticism are hidden behind the curtain of lust that is the force that pulls in the opposite direction.

Tantra (Read my book * Maya*…) handles both the forces with care and make use of one Energy (Sexual) to attain another (Spiritual). Tantra is super mystic since the knowledge is said to be forbidden for a man of ordinary prudence. To practice rituals of Tantra without guidance of a Guru could be fatal.
p. Earnest E. Larkin in his essay Mysticism in Literature has talked about “I-It” Mystics. The Vedanta  talks about “That-Thou” concept to understand the mysteries. The inner consciousness being The real agent of perception, the senses being mere instruments.

The world of indefinable Extra Sensory Perception leads to Skepticism. The hidden power to read the future (Clairvoyance)  is a God Gift or can be attained (Awakening of Kundalini) is also a matter of an individual’s opinion finding its way in many books of Fiction and Non-Fiction.

Some authors have come out with original solutions to the age old problem and their work is a master piece in the history of Literature. Khalil Gibran in his book The Prophet and Richard Bach in his book Jonathan Livingston Seagull have given the essence of Life.

© Vipin Behari Goyal

Excerpts from his Book “The Worst is Over”

Author is also Advocate at Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur

Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2014/12/mysticism-in-english-literature.html


Simplicity Personified in Literature

One of the side effects of rapid advancement and consumerism is the extinction of simplicity from society. The youth is sapiosexual and is aroused  by intelligence only. It is also taken for granted that all successful people are intelligent or vice versa.

The qualities like an opportunist, cunnings, street smart, hypocrite, snobbery which were once looked down upon by the society are now being appreciated. Some rich people act modestly and people take a note of it, but for too small of a man, modesty is in vain.

The word simpleton has originated from simple which means a foolish or gullible person. Homer describes a combination of socialist and simpleton as ‘knowing many things, but knowing them all badly’.

The Idiot by Feodor Dostoyevsky is said to be an autobiographical novel. Prince Myshkin had spent time in mental sanatorium. He is subjected to many disasters just because he is a simple man. Author confirm the view that sanatorium is the only secure place for stoic saints who do not believe in the power of money and sex.

How bad it is to be innocent in this corrupted world? The command  ‘Let child be thy father’ is in the praise of innocence and purity of heart. No child is born crook, we make him so. We don’t want to take responsibility so we say he is born like that. The age of innocence of children is also thinning out fast. The time is not far when only a nascent child would be innocent.

Michael K in J. M. Coetzee’s book “Life and Times of Michael K”  is such a person. He is a pure soul untouched by perils of the world and fails to understand why anybody would harm him when he does not want to harm anybody. Actually, this innocently simple man is a depiction of our inward journey that wants to take its dead mother (conscience) back to its rural home (purity).

Harper Lee in “To kill a mocking bird” suggests to kill a mockingbird could be a sin because mockingbirds simply provide pleasure with their songs, saying, “They don’t do one thing but sing their hearts out for us.”

^ ^To kill a mocking bird is to kill someone simple and harmless. What was once prohibited is now a treasured game of rich and affluent. The coming generation (not youth, but middle aged neo rich) is haunted  by the ruthless savagery of cut throat competition and has already put all values at stake to win the race. Simple people happily provide their shoulders to aid them in climbing the stairs of success.

William Barrett in his book “Irrational Man” writes about a story by Kierkegaard. The story is told of the absent minded man so abstracted from his own life that he hardly knows he exists until, one fine morning, he wakes up to find himself dead.

 The whole civilization is that absent minded man, busy in creating a weapon of its own end. Would you call it smart or simple?

Kalidas is an Indian Scholar who created literature in Sanskrit was simple to the extent that he cut the same branch of the tree he was sitting on, thus he would fall as soon as he cut the branch.

The modern society does not dare to be philosophical. 

Milan Kundera, who claims that Nietzsche’s hugging of the abused horse to be a symbolic gesture against the dominance, the arrogance of the human mind over nature, against the blind worship of progress.

The cycle of comprehension goes like this. Simple to Complex to Simple. The initial Simplicity is of ignorance. When learning starts the things become complex, but with the dawn of ultimate knowledge the simplicity reoccurs. That is the Wisdom.

It is easy to be complex. In fact, everyone around us is complex. We have forgotten the taste of simplicity. A simple man is queer, incomprehensible and easily rejectable. His humble acceptance of rejection  proves our theory that he deserved to be condemned.

Authors tend to appreciate simplicity in their text. They want to save the world from the madness of so called progress.

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow said In character, in manner, in style, in all things, the supreme excellence is simplicity.”

© Vipin Behari Goyal

Author is also Advocate at Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2014/12/simplicity-personified-in-literature.html


In The Honor of Oldest Profession

Let us begin with Buddha and Christ. Two renowned Gods who have shown the path followed by millions. 

Buddha broke the rules of commune and gave entry to chief prostitutes of Vaishali (ancient state of India) called  Amrapali. Well, she was so extraordinarily beautiful that she was officially compelled to the profession so that many could enjoy the virtue of her beauty. The Buddha concluded “Being a prostitute is not an obstacle to enlightenment if she is willing and diligently practices Dharma. In fact, the experience of a prostitute could help her towards enlightenment sooner than otherwise”.

Mary Magdalene was one of the most favorite disciple of Jesus Christ. She accompanied him everywhere. Saviour showered her with kisses frequently. The rest of the disciples were offended by it and expressed disapproval. They said to him, “Why do you love her more than all of us?” The Saviour answered and said to them, “Why do I not love you like her?” She was present at the time of the crucifixion and the resurrection. Mary Magdalene being a repentant sinner was found more worthy of enlightenment like Amrapali.

Osho after deep contemplation on Hindu philosophy wrote his spiritual marvel “From sex to the super consciousness.”

Dante Gabriel Rossetti’s“Jenny” rewritten many times is a poem of monologue addressed to dozing harlot in her surroundings.  The anxiety of ‘speaker’ for exposure to disease and social ostracism is also evident in the poem along with acknowledgement of his own absurdity as his “thoughts run on like this/With wasteful whims more than enough” symbolizes  emptiness of words by thoughtful man.

Elizabethan Era of Poetry was followed by prudish and repressed Victorian Era and passionate emotions were expressed in floral symbols. Even then a book like “My Secret Life” by anonymous author Walter were secretly read by many aristocrats.

After the second World War there was a lot of Holocaust Literature written as memories of sufferers or eyewitness of the holocaust. House of Dolls By Ka-tzetnik describes the Jewish women kept in concentration camps to quench the  carnal thirst of Nazi soldiers. Like Amarpali beautiful Jewish girls were also compelled to serve  the militia.

All over World beautiful women are admired and desired by everyone, but only mighty and wealthy people have a right to possess and consume them.

These fallen women are like “Light House” for the fallen authors (suffering from author’s block), drifting in the ocean of life.

Garcia writes “Memories of My Melancholy Whores”. May be  Delgadina of Garcia is the Jenny of Dante. Across every Era the characters come back with the same vivacity as if they had never left.

The collective psyche of all authors dead and alive and yet to born creates immortal characters.

Look at Nana by Emile Zola. Or at Adriana of A Woman of Rome By Alberto Moravia.

Adriana confesses “I had taken up a very hard profession…”

They are the women who have washed the sins of others at their own cost. They are the combination of Magic and Mystery. Divine Sinners. Stoic Streetwalkers.

Who could be a better character to suffer from existentialist angst than a whore.

Adriana felt a strange pleasure when money was thrust in her hand for the first time and that kind of description is only possible for Alberto who doesn’t write the book as an author but becomes Adriana himself.

 The man from the underground meets Liza in a brothel in Dostoyevsky’s Notes from the underground. His encounter with Liza is the climax of the book, after which this beautiful novel ends. As if Author wants to say I have nothing more to say. Liza was once humiliated for having a stained soul refuses to accept money and comes out to be a pure soul.

[* Yoshikawa*] in his book  The Art of War says “People tend to be put off by the idea of selling sex, but if you spend a winter’s night with one of them and talk with her about her family and so on, you’re likely to find she’s just like any other woman.”

This idea of treating the all human as normal could revolutionize the gender equation and thus whole society. May be that would be the alternative Society we are looking forward to when what has so far been condemned would get appreciated by society. Imagine how it would diminish the load from society to tackle the repulsive crimes of illegal trafficking, and authorities who handle law and order would be profitably deployed for protecting the society in the real sense.

How does it matter what you sell? Your mind or your body?

Selling body for physiological needs, like hunger and sleep could be  less heinous  than selling your mind.

Golden has fictionalized the character of Iwasaki’s true life story in “Memories of a Geisha” to the extent that the beauty of a literary figure is lost in the wave of overtly dramatized plot.

On the other hand Poly Adler makes most honest confessions in “A house is not a home”. She says “It is traditional that prostitutes are a sentimental lot, and in the main, that is true.” And “What it comes down to is this: the grocer, the butcher, the baker, the merchant, the landlord, the druggist, the liquor dealer, th…e policeman, the doctor, the city father and the politician—these are the people who make money out of prostitution, these are the real reapers of the wages of sin”.

And who is the female who is not a prostitute and who is the male who is not pimp?

*Some quotes are from the forthcoming novel by the Author " From Under the Carpet” Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2014/12/in-honor-of-oldest-profession.html


Contemporary Pastoral English Literature

                      The glamour in rural life

The various aspects of rural life, its subjects, descriptions of countryside shepherds and cowherds and their vagabond lifestyle has always fascinated the readers.

Who can forget the famous character, Konstantin[* Dmitrich Levin ]from Anna Karenina by Leo Tolstoy. He demystified technology and used it in Agriculture. Of all the male characters in the book any urban girl would easily fall in love with Levin rather than rich, flamboyant  [*Alexei Kirillovich Vronsky *]or a powerful cultivated man like [*Alexei Alexandrovich Karenin.]

The dehumanizing factor of technology and if it is possible to make use of technology for inner peace of mind is well explained by Robert M. Pirsig in his book “Zen and the art of Motorcycle maintenance”. The combination of two diagonally opposite virtues “rationality” and [*“romanticism” *]could be devastating for future human civilization. The beautiful part of the story is protagonist opts for less traveled side roads rather than Highways to explore and appreciate the slow pace of life, that explains a lot of philosophy in itself.

In Wuthering Heights the conflict of its occupant who are wild and passionate with calm and refined, and setup of the story in the bleak hilltop is symbolic of the unbridgeable gap in the rationales and romantics.

Encyclopedia Britannica defines [*pastoral literature *]as a  class of literature that presents the society of shepherds as free from the complexity and corruption of city life.

The rural life is romanticized but the harsh reality of discomforts and malaise are overlooked. Exaggeration is allowed in the literature to make a point. The plantation literature romanticizes Old South in “Gone with the wind” by Margret Mitchell  but does not try to escape the harsh realities of life evident in childbirth and miscarriages.  Scarlett’s love for Ashley, who represent Old South is like chasing an impossible dream that one knows in his heart would never be fulfilled, is romantic and she overlooks Rhett’s love who represents New South that is opportunistic and strong willed to succeed is realistic.

This dilemma of realism versus romanticism has baffled the society for long. Though a champion of realism the human mind finds its solace in romanticizing.

Gabriel Garcí­a Márquez has undoubtedly been one of the best authors of our time. In his novel “One hundred years of Solitude” he has given vivid descriptions of banana plantation *]age and calamities in the imaginary town of Macondo. He weaves a dream that entangles readers who not only when novel is read, but even much after that has a hangover of the town and the characters who lived there refuses him solitude. That is called [*magical realism.

In his other novel “Love in the time of Cholera” the old age and death has same suffering as that of youth. Could death be romanticized in a better way?

Another best author is J. M. Coetzee. His widely acclaimed novel Disgrace draws a clear line of demarcation in the treachery of urban life and rustic yet peaceful ambience of rural life. David the professor is  humiliated and sacked from the University after complaints from his student (Melanie), though the act was consensual and on the other hand, in the rural farm his own daughter is raped, but she refuses to act humiliated shows that technically advance urban can lead to a disgrace which even a dog would not face in real and pure rural life.

One can read my book “Empty Cocoon” about conflicts in rural-urban life. p. Overburdened, the super human would find the true values of life under the shadow of an old tree in the tranquility of a village pond where the dust of the  cattle and trailing herd man returning home would obliterate the view of sunset.

© Vipin Behari Goyal

Author is also Advocate at Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2014/12/contemporary-pastoral-english-literature.html


Authors can’t afford to be a Hypocrite

[*                                 DO AS I SAY AND NOT AS I DO*]

The false profession of desirable or publicly approved qualities, beliefs,or feelings, esp. A pretense of having virtues, moral principles, or religious beliefs that one does not really possess.~Dictionery

In Literature such protagonists are not uncommon who are hypocrites and are abhorred by readers. Sometimes such characters are successfulin worldly sense, but the author does not like to establish supremacy of vices and shows how such charactersburn in the fire of hell createdby their own psyche.

That is why an author cannotafford to be a hypocrite himself. If he is good, he is good, if he is bad he is bad. There is no pretension,a desire to be respected for the virtues he does not possess. Many a times the personal life of authors are controversial, even to the extent that they are consideredas a threat to the society. 

Authors usually do not follow the systems built by society and they have to constantly experiment with system and values of an Individual and the Society. They become a spectator and this neutral approach is the only source of their comprehension.

Author is a proletarian and has a matter-of-fact approach to solve the riddles of life. But his readers are aristocracy whose Hippocratic  life style  is exposed and criticized and in the heart they discard such books but admire openly in clubs and bars. 

Russians have a history of condemning hypocrisy. Putin has been alleged to have “Double Standard” when he attacked the Ukraine government for attacks action against pro-Russian separatist in eastern Ukraine while he has recently signed a   law criminalizing any act of separatist.

What would be ‘height of hypocrisy’ or who would be a ‘hypocrite of the first order’ could be a matter  of perspective or cultural thing, but some countries are definitely known for  hypocrisy which is part of their Diplomacy. The secret hegemonic ambition of a country or an individual are sometime so powerful that other nations (Canada, EU) which lack self-confidence find it secure to blindly follow them, shamelessly. Whether it is stand of Russia in Crimean case  or issue of Israel in Palestine the nations have no shame for double standard since it is accepted norm of behavior from politicians all over the world.

It is so surprising to see that even Religious leadership is also behaving duplicately, which is just opposite to the task entrusted by society on them. Whether it is a Hindu Brahmin who serves as a priest or a Muslim priest or a Christian Priest, they have crossed the limits of immorality while preaching morality to the public.

Some of them have been tried in the courts for rape, molestation, cheating, child abuse and even murder, but still the majority of the population of every religion has faith in their priest. If there is God, in all probability there is, He does not need a mediation of any kind to talk to us or solve our problem.

Andrew M. Greeley was an Irish-American Priest, and he wrote many fiction and nonfiction and never used contraception for his ideas. His deadly sin series and novels like The priestly sins were severely criticized for explicitly exposing religious catholic institutions.

In the end Greely says “I am a priest..Pure and simple..” And that is what every author has to be if he wants to create literature of the first order.

© Vipin Behari Goyal

Author is also Advocate at Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2014/11/authors-cant-afford-to-be-hypocrite.html


Public Display of Affection

                                    "Shmoop!".... *kissing!!*


Public Displays of Affection, can be seen in the form of kissing, touching, groping, licking, nuzzling, cuddling, crossing hands into each other’s opposite back pocket, etc. Usually spotted among new couples, frisky teenagers, and occasionally the “young at heart” (god help us). ~Dictionary

Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Act 2014 in Nigeria is anti-democratic law, and Section 377 of Indian Penal Code is a draconian law which criminalizes any activity which is against the “order of the nature”, or the definition ofobscenity and obscene acts in the  Section 292/293/294  of the Indian penal Code is intentionally kept vague and obscure to twist the law and give unlimited power to Police to harasses who are obstruction to the means of capitalist, bureaucrats and politicians.

Honorable Supreme Court of India in the case of Samaresh Bose v. Amal Mitra has differentiated vulgarity from obscenity.

 i) A vulgar writing is not necessarily obscene. Vulgarity arouses a feeling of disgust and revulsion and also boredom, but does not have the effect of depriving, debasing and corrupting the morals of any reader of the novel. Whereas obscenity has the tendency to deprave and corrupt those whose minds are open to such immoral influences.

Now we can overlook the legal aspect since If the police want to book  they have numerous provision of the Law, that they can use. Why they would go for cumbersome law when sedition law, and Cr.P.C. 107 has already given them unlimited power to detain anybody just on the ground of apprehension and its undefined threat to tranquillity. Courts are not made to define the law, they interpret the law made by legislation. The Act or Code itself should contain the definition of all ambiguous terms like unnatural act or obscenity. The democracy has lost it objectivity and is just another form of autocracy.

What kind of public display of affection is intolerable for society? Do the people react in the same way when an old couple is kissing on a bench in a park when reminiscences of golden days surges? The society does not find it harmful.We can shun it by saying a cultural thing, but if we believe in universal applicability of ‘Law of nature’, and accept human psyche as synonymous to “nature”, we would be able to differentiate that all types of cultures are on the same racing track, and the one lagging behind is ready to gallop and surprise the audience.

The various acts of public display of affection are holding hands, embracing, kissing (hands, cheeks, lips, earlobes) orsmooching , caressing, cuddling, fondling, hugging, petting, snuggling, necking-what is the exact stage when Police would shout 'STOP'- this act of yours is illegal.

Police Department runs shortage of staff, constables are chasing young couples in the bushes, theft, kidnap, rape and all other crimes remain uninvestigated, radicals and fundamentalist are getting stronger, and middle class is the only sector of the society obsessed with values and is happy with the moral policing their children are facing. So the youth, have become rebellious and enjoys doing what irritates the older generation.

Literature has reflected the sentiments of society.  “Seven Minutes” by Irving Wallace,“Eleven Minutes” by Paulo Coelho, “Bad Girl” by Mario Vargas Llosa, “Thy neighbor’s wife” by Gay Talese are some of the examples when the issue of expression of sexuality has been taken up seriously but a universally acceptable code of conduct is still a distant dream.

There are exhibits’ and voyeurs living symbiotically, chauvinistic males  who display affection to establish their possession, feminist females who want to win race and take initiative, people fighting with their own insecurities as if public display would seal the relationship, some are tempted by libido and some are fun-seekers, there could be numerous other types involved in the PDA.

What do I suggest?

I suggest stealing an apple and find out yourself if it is sweeter.

© Vipin Behari Goyal

Author is also Advocate at Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2014/11/public-display-of-affection.html


Age of Wisdom in English Literature

                                    Waiting for Age of Wisdom

George Ritzer the sociologist, first time used the word McDonaldization exhibiting the Fast Food characteristics adopted by society. The four primary components identified by him have also moved in the Global Literature. The Harry Potter and 50 Shades of Grey are the McDonald of Literature.

McDonaldization is nothing but another kind of rationalization emphasizing change in traditions and cultural values. The shifting of values is not in the positive direction. Even though the nature is doing its best to teach the predicament of advancement, man is not yet ready to learn any cheap lesson. The question is who would pay the price of costly lessons? Obviously The Poorest class of the mankind would suffer the disasters created by nature, and the rich would get another chance of proving their generosity.

An eBook can be published much quicker than McDonald delivers Pizza at your doorstep. So far as writing a book is concerned, it is just like McDonald doesn’t grow the potatoes to make McFries similarly authors, hunt for ideas and plot of the story in published or unpublished literature of other authors. If authors could only learn to grow their own potatoes, they would never be labeled as McDonaldised.

How many copies Sold? Is the first question when you talk about a book. The Sell has become synonymous with quality, while once it was believed that quality always suffers in the hands of quantity. Why otherwise Carlyle should say ‘There are nine fools in the world for one wise man…“One should write what people want to read or one should write what he wants to write and should not bother if his work is accepted or rejected by society. Is there any responsibility to refine the taste of people on the creative artist?

Predictability is a great asset for any product to win the heart of the customer. A book having clichés like Love, Girl Friend, Boy Friend, Heart, Friendship, Break Up along with an enchanting book cover of boy and girl, holding hands, crying, the monogram of a broken heart or walking in different direction have become the success formulas  in literature. Also, you have to encash the wave of theme or genre, if live-in relationship is in thing write about it and if semi-erotica is breaking the record of Sale, you must also try your hand on that. Many Indian Publisher would conform to the view that books are sold by name of the title and attractive cover design.


If we look further back at the post industrial revolution and the emergence of romanticism we realize that despite the advancement of science and technology man has remained spontaneous, irrational, imaginative and emotional. In the entire cosmos there is a cycle of the Age of Barbarianism,  Age of  materialism, Age of individualism, Age of industrialization, Age of enlightenment, Age of Romanticism, Age of rationalization and Age of Wisdom. We are only few centuries far from Age of Wisdom.

Literature is now mostly being read for entertainment. A novel is like a peanut you want to munch while travelling or waiting in a queue at the dentist. What we need is the De – McDonaldization of Literature. Micro-cosmos within man is harmonious with nature only when he shed off all that is artificial and learns to respect what is Original and Natural.

© Vipin Behari Goyal Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2014/11/mcdonaldization-of-literature.html


Stealing the Ideas is The Idea

                                  Plagiarism is the worst kind of Theft

Whoever may steal whatever is most precious in the world is not as condemnable as the thief of literature. And there are lots. This is one of the most heinous, shameful and despicable kind of theft invented by the mankind. The original creator remains anonymous and thief who is apt in the management skills climbs the stairs of success. Constant repetition of a lie, and finding that no one has disputed his claim of authority, boost his self confidence, and he trusts the distrust created by himself.

Recent charges of Plagiarism against Chetan Bhagat by Dr. Birbal Jha an academician of Bihar (author of Englishia Boli) has once again raised the controversy which once began with “Snapshots from hell” which was copied into “Five point someone”. Contemporary Indian authors have started claiming that they may not be sold as much as him, but at least they are original.

The irony is, just by changing few narrations, dialogues, descriptions and sequence of events the copyright authorities can be manipulated to issue you a copyright certificate of a duplicate or plagiarist work. So plagiarism is different from copyright infringement, since the later is a punishable offense. In modern age where communication is so fast and Global exposure is instant, such plagiarism is brought to light later or sooner, though by that time plagiarist has already enjoyed the fruit of his labor(?).

Unfortunately, such charges are levied against successful people, most of the plagiarist are not exposed till they are successful. Many films are made on the same subject simultaneously, but one is successful and others are flop, that is how if the same story is written by two different authors, one may sale like hot cake and other would stale. Language, thought, idea and expression and their representation in any literary work could also be a coincidence and judiciary may pronounce a clean chit to the offender.

There are of course different kinds of plagiarist depending upon the intention by which offense has been committed. A student while doing a research project or dissertation may omit to mention the source of his citations (University of Illinois at Chicago) or a Journalist may hide the source of his information, multiple publication of his own work by an author are various kinds of theft of artistic creativity.

So extrovertly a reader is the best judge to compare two works and decide if one is a copy of another, and introvertly  the conscience of an author can judge if he has lifted the idea and transformed it into a viable project in his own name. Many authors are the writers who consider it as profession to earn money and fame, while the true purpose of the literature is to create a work that develops a better understanding of human nature and the Universal determination of it. Once we acknowledge this, there would remain a chance when World would be a peaceful place to live without war, killings, poverty and hunger.

Remember what T.S. Eliot said “Immature poets imitate; mature poets steal. Bad poets deface what they take.”

© Vipin Behari Goyal Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2014/11/stealing-ideas-is-idea.html


The Adultery in Literature

[*                                                  The kingdom of God on Earth*]

Adultery has remained a central theme in many popular and controversial novels of the world literature. The characters like Anna Karenina, Madame Bovary, Connie Reid (Lady Chatterley’s Lover)_] and Hester Prynne ([_The Scarlet Letter) suffered the curse of felony and remain miserable, while male characters when they commit adultery, they enjoy a passionate life without much guilt and society forgives their stray behavior easily.

The chastity of woman has always been considered as  a prized jewel by the society, and the dignity and status of such woman is far superior to the woman who is tempted by passions. The Seventh Commandment forbids adultery, but the Tenth Commandment goes one step ahead and even forbids the desire of it.

Many a time and in many culture women was considered as property and her capability to progenration made her indispensable asset. Why society had a softer attitude towards crime of adultery done by men?. If a gross generalization is done male committed adultery with a prostitute and females with some friend or relative (mostly of her husband). So there is a degree of moral degradation in the crime, as to whom the crime was committed. Princess Diana was known to have several extra-marital affairs, some of them are still secret, and many of them are open secret like with James Hewitt, James Gilbey, Barry Mannakee, Oliver Hoare Bryan Adams and Dodi Fayed who were bodyguard or billionaire she did not care. Despite this fact, she was very popular amongst masses.

Remember how Bill Clinton who first denied having sex with Monica Lewinsky later on confessed an ‘inappropriate’ relationship with her before the Grand Jury. Moreover the charges of perjury and obstruction of justice were dropped against him. The Americans (including his wife) forgave him, at least publicly.

Now these instances of two advance countries of the World, One of which once ruled the world and other is contemporary ruler (in one way or another), it is clear that society has given a ‘ clean chit ‘.

Literature is the reflection of society. Human nature across the boundaries of the nation is same, so when an author writes a book the description may help with the orientation, but the objective to understand the human nature is fulfilled only when and if the author wants you to like a character you like it, and he wants you to dislike, you dislike. So even if the main character is a sinner like Anna of Tolstoy the reader is sentimentally attached to her and feels a loss of dearest friend when she finally threw herself before a train.

Man is polygamous by nature and woman is monogamous or the entire race of Homo Sapiens is polygamous is a debatable issue, but it is sure two persons are sometimes so spontaneously ‘hooked up’ with each other that it would be a crime to keep them apart. Only goose is truly monogamous in nature. It will never cheat on its spouse, and even when its partner dies, it will not seek a new mate. And who does the moral policing for a goose?

Women are more “like nature’ than “like culture’ and hence they have ‘concreteness’ in comparisons to ‘abstractness’ of their partner. So while describing a woman character, even if she is an adulteress, she may have that modesty, dignity and pride that a chaste woman has.

Neither author nor the reader has a right to condemn a spouse because what they are doing is sinful. Even  the partner of the spouse should not be judgmental and should only exercise his right to decide if he wants to continue the relationship or break it.

Remember, the epitaph on the grave of Tomas, in ‘Unbearable lightness of being ‘ written by his catholic son, reads “He wanted the Kingdom of God on Earth”.

So Be It.

© Vipin Behari Goyal Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2014/11/the-adultery-in-literature.html


Irresponsible literature in the shadow of Mythology

                                Literature and Mythology

Nearly all oblong or circular, and as if traced with the compass, they seem to form one vast archipelago, equal to that charming group lying between Greece and Asia Minor, and which mythology in ancient times adorned with most graceful legends.~Round The Moon by Verne, Jules

Mythology is defined as the body of myths belonging to a culture. Myths are traditional stories about gods and heroes. They often account for the basic aspects of existence — explaining, for instance, how the Earth was created, why people have to die, or why the year is divided into seasons. Classical mythology — the myths of the ancient Greeks and Romans — has had an enormous influence on European and American culture.”(The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy).

Literatureis “the best expression of the best thought reduced to writing.” (Encyclopædia Britannica).
p. The comparative study of the mythology and literature of various cultures and countries has helped in drawing conclusions about philosophical and psychological changes that came with cultural advancement of civilization. Literature in context with mythology has potential to reach intellectual mind which may prefer or condemn the advancement of civilization over culture. The values of society are reflected in both mythology as well as literature, but mythology is closer to collective consciousness and as Emile Durkheim said “the totality of beliefs and sentiments common to the average members of a society forms a determinate system with a life of its own. It can be termed the collective or creative consciousness.”

He has used the word ‘belief and sentiments’ to appreciate the differences, yet an analogy that exists between an individual and the society, the interaction in them results in creativity. The object of study of Mythology is to support various Psychological theories, that is why it can be said that nothing new can be written in Literature after Ramayana and Mahabharata. The thin line of demarcation between normal and abnormal vanishes when human psyche is understood in the context of mythological stories. That was, in a way, an effort on the part of creator to make human mind free from guilty conscience, which is quite necessary to maintain an equilibrium in the society.

That literature which was once created orally, with the advancement of technology reached to present stage when paperback publishing is called traditional and the day is not far when it would become extinct and eBooks and audio books would take over the market only to save the future human race from hazardous consequences of paper industry. With the expansion of reach due to increased rate of literacy in third  world countries and advance technology author had to act more responsibly for the cultural advancement of the society, which he has conveniently overlooked.

Many authors do hard work and spend  years and decades to do research on a subject before they give final shape to a book. One great Indian scholar and author Mahapandit Rahul Sankrityayan traveled to many eastern countries like Nepal, Tibet, Russia and China to collect manuscripts written in Pali and Sanskrit and brought them back to India on several yaks to write fiction based on these books. William Dalrymple when writing his book ‘City Of Jinns’ collected many documents from survivors of British India.

Literature can and must be created out of Mythology but a great caution is required. The book when read after few centuries should not construe a wrong picture in the mind of the reader. Nobody gives that right to an author.

© Vipin Behari Goyal Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2014/11/irresponsible-literature-in-shadow-of_15.html


Abusing Human Life~Children’s Day Special

[_               in_]Human Rights and Indian Children

What makes them happy?

Once again we are going to celebrate Children’s Day with all the privileged children of the society who have access to the education system and did not become a victim of the highest child mortality rate of the world, highest  malnutrition children of the world and highest human traffic trade of the world and are not employed as child labor. Believe me they are lucky.

It’s not a coincidence that those under privileged children are not far from the eyes of a common middle class/Upper class Indian who have lost their sensitivity and are happy to console themselves that they are not one of them.

These children are garbage pickers who roam in the streets since dawn and clean half of the garbage by picking up valuables (?) like plastic and  metal pieces from the heap of mixed garbage of leftovers, empty cans and bottles, used tampons, diapers, broken glasses, vegetable peels and stinking toxic wastages. Their unwashed, unclean body and faces smeared with dust and torn, dirty clothes they too appear as part of a heap of garbage from a distance. When their fingers swiftly dissect the garbage and quickly pick up anything valuable, their eyes glitter and the triumph of luck reflects on the face for a moment. Though they know that even if the valuable collected by them are sold at higher price they would not receive any kudos from their father, who would use the money to buy country liquor, and more money means more liquor and more liquor meant more thrashing of wife and children.

The inhumanity reach to its climax when one of these children finds something he wanted to eat since long after watching many advertisements on TV channels, picks up a stale piece of pizza, noodles, cake, ice-cream or chips and eats it under temptation.

Of course, our greatest concern should be for those who failed to see the light of a day, due to willful riddance by parents obsessed with gender discrimination or due to poor medical facilities, unhygienic conditions at the spot of delivery, negligent medical staff in Government hospitals,  adulterated medicines, untrained midwives and lot many more reasons. Who has missed them?, their parents, family, society or nation. A loss of life must be somebody’s loss, but I don’t know who? If human life is so useless and petty any effort to implement a law to ensure its sustainability is futile.

Many of these children become criminals. As a juvenile criminal they are sent to reform homes, which have become training centers to make them hardened criminals. Day by day  crime rate is increasing and police force remains inadequate in manpower and resources to curb that upward shoot of the graph. The elite would spend any amount to keep criminals away from them. They paid heavy taxes, but political parties used that amount to fulfill their own ulterior motives. The elite had to devise a new plan to gain sympathy of downtrodden who were mint of criminals. So they came out with Philanthropy Plan and made trust, foundation, charity institutions, and NGO which on the one hand saved taxes, laundered their money and on the other hand they gained the sympathy of prospective enemies.

Rich is dubious, but so are the poor. One could see through another. Philanthropist did not earn the respect from society at large. Except from peers, no poor man clapped when they tried to establish themselves as self proclaimed Hero of the society.

Every problem has an inbuilt solution, and sometimes it is so obvious that we overlook it. The time has come when we stop fighting against problem, but shake hands with it. Despite spending millions of dollars we have not solved any problem of the world, on the contrary it has increased in dimension. China could become world power only when it converted its ‘Population Problem’ into a ‘Men Power’ asset.

UNICEF and Human Right Watch report says, 12.6 million children are engaged in hazardous occupation, more than 5 Million Nepalese girls are sex workers in brothels of the world out of which 2.5 million are in Indian brothels, there are 3 million child beggars in India and so on and so forth.

Do you think that situation could be worse than this? If you can’t beat them join them. What may happen if we legalize all kinds of flesh trades and state should just monitor to eliminate coercion, harassment and exploitation of the trades.

So far as ‘Black Money’ would be mightier than ‘White Money’, this would be the only solution.

© Vipin Behari Goyal Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2014/11/abusing-human-lifechildrens-day-special_13.html


Contemporary Feminism In Indian English Novels

            Why Indian English authors are not feminist?


 This has always been a man’s world, and none of the reasons that have been offered in explanation have seemed adequate. ~Simone de Beauvoir.

And man’s world it is. Especially if the most powerful feminist woman of the world says so. Is it admittance of a truth, a sarcasm on the society or admittance of failure to prove your point, that “Man and Woman are Equal”. Can society conspire to marginalize woman for many centuries, or it is the woman herself who ducks on the surface to inhale fresh breath of air, finds the waves too strong to handle and ducks back into the sanctuary of her deep inner self.

A woman can’t understand other woman as a man does. Most of the Feminist English Authors are females, and some prolific Indian female authors writing in English during the latter half of the twentieth century are Kamala Markandaya, Nayantara Sahgal, Kamala Das, Anita Desai, and Shashi Deshpande, Jhumpa Lahri, Arundathi Roy, Anita Nair, Shobha De. Whereas first-wave feminism focused mainly on voting rights, property rights, second-wave feminism brought up issues like sexuality, family, the workplace, reproductive rights, de facto inequalities, and official legal inequalities and Third Wave feminists have broadened their goals, focusing on ideas like queer theory, abolishing gender role expectations and stereotypes, and defending sex work, pornography, reproductive rights, and sex-positivity.

Each wave had its own share of strong literature written by male and female authors, all through 1968 till today. Not only this we had Radical feminist, Dissident feminist, Socialist feminist and Anti-prostitution feminist all around the globe when Indian English Authors, who were born in British India or Independent India, learned  English from earliest childhood, failed to make a mark in the world literature. Had it not been R. N. Tagore world would have looked upon India as a literary barren land.

Betty Friedan (The Feminine Mystique) The Second Sex (Simone de Beauvoir) A Room of One’s Own (Virginia Woolf) The Color Purple (Alice Walker) are some of the best work written since first wave feminism. It has considered gender in the terms of Freudian and Lacanian psychoanalysis, as part of the deconstruction. When gender is part of the essential self and society constructs a tab to give you an identity on the basis of that, the denial of the tag would be denial of self.

Lisa Tuttle has defined feminist theory as asking “new questions of old texts.” This could be endless. Buddha once said “Unfathomly deep, deep like a fish’s course in the water is the character of women.” An enlightened man Buddha was. But Sigmund Freud was a psychoanalyst, why would he say “ The great question that has never been answered, and which I have not yet been able to answer, despite my thirty years of research into the feminine soul, is ‘What does a woman want?’

Exasperated male are not undefeatable. Indian Authors created enough social drama and portrayed heroic women as sufferers, rebels, vengeful, tactful and ready to sacrifice but have never bothered to peel those layers of the psyche which makes her so.

In the third wave feminism the focus has shifted to queer theory and non white woman by Rebbeca Walker. Despite the tall talks of a woman having reached the zenith of equality and any further efforts would only undermine the whole issues and the movement would lose its support are a camouflage of patriarchal society to suppress the undercurrent which had really hit the balls hard.

A talk of feminism would instigate an Indian mind to talk about Vedic era and mythological depictions of the female form as the Goddess, because it is easier to put them on an alter and fake-worship than to understand the language of symbols and gestures and treat them equally.

The Indian women has come out of identity crisis and her metamorphosed form is ready to treat herself at par with her western counterparts, would it not be a high time when Indian authors both male and female portray the dilemma, progression and future of feminism in India. 

The western concept of Androgyny was an effort to subside exaggerated and polarizes form of masculinity and femininity and strikes a balance by a combination of the best qualities of the genders, had a parity with the Hindu concept of Ardhnarishwar. Why somebody should think that nurturance, compassion, tenderness, cooperativeness, meekness and gentleness are feminine qualities while aggressiveness, leadership, initiative, competitiveness, boldness, daring and adventurousness are the masculine qualities. Qualities allocated to one gender when and if found in other gender it would make him/her inferior. So a masculine female was as condemnable as a feminine male.

Being feminist is a mental status acquired by the unconditioned mind with an effort initially till shackles of patriarchal social conditioning are broken and a woman-centered perspective of celebrating womanhood evolved for all and everyone irrespective of their gender. Thus, like a religion, it too, is a way of life.

Third Wave deemed universalism of  hardcore feminist would try to differentiate non-white from white and queer from normal is unwonted because that may mitigate what has already been gained and accepted and has transcended in the collective psyche of the society.

An author if has a patriarchal mind set can never portray a strong feminine character, unless he has trained his mind to rise above gender bias, it would definitely reflect in  female characters of his book. Indian society is not only deep rooted patriarchal, but also a hypocrite and has to go a long way.

The authors could have paved the path, but unfortunately they too are weak feminist.

© Vipin Behari Goyal Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2014/11/contemporary-feminism-in-indian-english.html


Renaissance of Indian youth By Kiss Of Love

Kiss of Love-Keep It Simple Stupid

Whether kissing in public is a legal offense or not, Whether moral policing is good or bad for the society is not the issue. Whether the police and authorities should harass, lath charge, disperse the people who are peacefully demonstrating their opinion is an issue.

                                               (let’s go somewhere else, its prohibited here)

Meenakshi Ganguly, South Asia Director of Human Right Commission said “ The Indian authorities are clearly missing the bitter irony that a law used by the British to imprison Gandhi is being used against those who disagree with the government”.

Moreover, those who opposed the demonstration were violent and had a support from authorities. In all probability either they will not be arrested or they will be released without any harassment. Are we on the same track as Taliban? How they would be different from us if we too are fanatics about imposing a self made Moral Code for the society.

Friedrich Nietzsche also approved the Law of Manu, which is only authentic code of conduct for Hindus and it has no where condemned Public Kissing. Law of the land enforced by highest judicial authority, Supreme Court Of India  also made it clear that ‘no case can be made out’ of two people consensually hugging and/or kissing. The verdict was passed  by the Supreme Court when unscrupulous authorities tried to arrest Richard Gere for kissing and embracing Shilpa Shetty on the stage in an awareness program.

The Moral Policing has its origin in the history of India which remained slave of Mughals and British for almost one thousand years. Both of these races were permissive and considered beautiful Indian girls as their properties. A lot of stories of Mughal Harems and British concubines are written on the black pages of Indian History. Chastity of a woman has always remained an issue in all the religions of the world, may be because paternity is still a belief unless someone go for a DNA test.

We have to appreciate Indian Judiciary, which has always worked with an open mind and acknowledged the change of values with time. They passed judgments in favour of homosexuality, live-together, property rights of women and of ‘other woman’ who is not married legally but is kept or concubine of a man.

But unfortunately the same ‘Justice, Equity and Good Conscience’ do not prevail in law enforcing agencies.

The NHRC has formed a “District Police Complaints Authority” to examine the grievances of the public in the matter of rude and uncivil behavior towards the public, abuse of authority, misuse of power, wrongful arrests and detentions, custodial violence etc.”

The scene at Kozhikode and Jhandewala estate  reminds us the barbarian troops of British regime implementing sedition law on freedom fighters. All Free Thinkers are freedom fighter and already society of youth, which comprises the maximum population of India, and on whom our respectable PM has put lot of trust has come forward to curb the fundamentalist from imposing a Moral Policing.

India is a multi cultural country, and in Mumbai, which is also a fort of Shiv Sena the public kissing is not a big issue. In the evening at Juhu and Band Stand one may be surprised that he/she is in India. The same is true for Golden Beach, Chennai and lot more places. In Goa on Kalingut beach not only foreigners but Indians have been seen taking a nude bath right under the banner by the Government stating “Nude bath is illegal and prohibited.”

Kolkata rightfully demanded ‘Amar shorir amar mon bondho hok raj sashon’ (It’s my body, my mind, I won’t allow moral policing).

Come on, there are other issues, India is having the highest number of children suffering from malnutrition.

An innocent kiss of Love may not harm society but a clandestine racket like Kochu Sundarikal involving minor girls is abhorred. 

Kiss is a simple, innocent ethical act of expressing love.

[* So "Keep* It* Simple* Stupid*" *] © Vipin Behari Goyal Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2014/11/kiss-of-love-renaissance-of-indian-youth.html


How to determine your Literary Quotient

What is your Literary Quotient?

While I.Q. ie. intelligent quotient is measure of cognitive abilities estimated by ability to answer intelligent question and E.Q. emotional quotient is ability to use both your emotions and cognitive skills and is estimated by the ability of a person to deal with tricky situation, L.Q. or Literary Quotient is your level of understanding Literature which determines your cognitive skills, emotional maturity and ability to handle tricky situation intelligently.

The formula remains the same:  Now refer to my earlier post of Break your Glass-Ceiling. I have described various level of understanding of literature.
p. These are as follows:

Here are books or authors at each level: 1.Comics— 2.Enid Blyton- Famous five series 3.Alice in wonderland, Alibaba, Arabian Tales, Sindbad, Marco Polo, Panchtantra, Little Prince, Gulliver’s Travels etc.

                                       1.  GLASS-CEILING

4.Romance books and love story—Mills and Boon (Mostly Girls) 5.Sci-fi fiction, Horror for boys, though it could be vice versa or both.

                                         2. GLASS-CEILING

6. Matured romantic books—Gone with the wind, Thorn bird, Sidney Sheldon, 7. Suspense and crime thrillers—James Hadley Chase, Robert Ludlum, John Grisham, Mario Puzo

                                          3. GLASS-CEILING

8. Books based on facts- Ken Follett, Irving Wallace, Wilbur Smith, Arthur Halley, James Clavell 9. Banned books —Lady Chatterley’s lover, Lolita, Nancy Friday, Anonymous

                                     4. GLASS-CEILING

10.Fiction with philosophy—Ayn Rand, Paulo Coelho, David Brown, Khaled Hosseini, Murakami, Aldus Huxley, George, Orwell. Saul Bellow 11. Autobiographies—Benjamin Franklin,  Albert Einstein, Mahatma Gandhi,

                                        5. GLASS-CEILING

            12.  Classical Books—Tolstoy, Dostoevsky, Shakespeare,   Jane Austin, Pearl Buck, Earnest Hemmingway, Somersaught Maugham, Bertrand Russel 13. Text books of Philosophy, Psychology, and History to understand literature.   

                                       6. GLASS-CEILING

14. Philosophical or Psychological Fiction—Robert M. Pirsig, Jostein Gaarder, Mark Haddon, J.M.Coetzee, Gabriel Garcia Marquezss, 15. Self-improvement Books-- Malcolm Gladwell, Robin Sharma, Rhonda Byrne

                                     7. GLASS-CEILING

16. Philosophical Fiction- Jean Paul Sartre, Albert Camus, Friedrich Nietzsche, Kafka, Hermann Hess,  17. Supernatural and spiritual literature- Harold Kushner, Dalai Lama, Swami Rama, Swami Yogananda, Richard Bach, Elizabeth Gilbert, Mitch Albom.

The list of authors is not exhaustive but you will understand what level of books we are talking about. Now follow these steps:

1. Honestly decide your Glass-Ceiling Level. If you have any confusion, you may take help of your parents, spouse or a friend.

2. Multiply  that Glass ceiling Level with Ten(10). That would determine your Literary Age.

3. Now fill the formula for L.Q. with your Chronological Age and Literary Age and multiply with hundred (100).

4. Match your results with following table.


4. You have determined your Literary Quotient.


Suppose your Chronological Age is 40 and you have read books up to Glass Ceiling stage 5 multiply this with 10=50 divide by your chronological age which is suppose 40, then 50 divided by 40 multiplied with hundred is equal to 125. So your L.Q. is 125 and you can classify yourself as Literary Worm.

© Vipin Behari Goyal Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2014/11/how-to-determine-your-literary-quotient.html


The World is Conical

                                                        The world is Conical

[*                                                          *]

After acknowledging that the World is Flat it would be a greater task to make us appreciate how and why the World is Conical? We need not to search for new parameter (except a few unavoidable, overlooked due to prejudice), but a paradigm shift towards a horizon which remains unseen when our World is flat or round.

The first Economist of the world was the one who designed the coin as round and flat. Since that day whole thinking of mankind has started revolving round the money. Sigmund Freud’s theory of symbolism  would have easily found connotation of the formulation of these structures with genitals since people have many different conception of the same object. A round object has a different conception than conical.

Some arguments in favor of Conical World are-

1. Narrow Vision- People have a better vision at a flat surface. It seems many things that are obvious are being ignored by mankind due to narrow vision. (No, I am not talking about Ozone layer or any other environmental issue). Rich thinks that they will remain rich forever, and poor thinks they will not remain poor forever. This difference in thinking process is dragging the world towards a chaos unimaginable for mankind. The elite who occupies the top niche of the pyramid or cone are justified in being myopic since for a vision you have to look horizontally and not downwards.

2. Earth is Multidimensional- A cone has many dimensions, we explore and find a new dimension every time. Even that dimension also has many dimensions and we are caught in the web. With the advance technology of navigation we surely have succeeded in measuring few dimensions, but much is still in the dark. A flat or round surface can not have many dimensions, but Earth as a conical structure is multidimensional and unexplored.

3. Top-Notch-Triangle- The top notch people have the facility to make their own triangle. They make every possible effort to make the angle acute, so they have to deal with very few people of the same feathers. As a reaction bottom notch person also forms two triangles at the extremes of the larger triangle, but they are diagonally opposite to each other in their point of view about balance of power with top-notch-people. Rightist think that suffering is their fate and live contentedly and Leftist are rebels who fight against a system without any means. When  these two extreme groups would join hands, they would have inverted the triangle to make the world conical in real sense.

4. Oil and Weapons- To think and act like owner of all the oil fields of the world, you don’t need to be an economist. You already have a faith in “I am the Monarch of all I survey, my right there is none to dispute” (William Cowper), and reach to the lands of treasure as plunderers. Oil is the only wealth of the world, which flat world ignores to mention. Moreover, they can sell arms to middle notch people to drop on bottom notch people, this keeps both of these hateful communities away from top-notch-people.

5. Fighting against insecurities- It is always easy to retreat when the world is flat. Wealthy people are paranoid and the compunction attached with wealth makes them insecure. They have a subconscious defense mechanism to survive in worst condition, even when everybody else would perish. ( Don’t forget cryonics). Since the world is conical there is no retreat for top notch people. They can only stumble and die.

© Vipin Behari Goyal

Excerpts from his unpublished book “World is Conical” Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2014/11/the-world-is-conical_5.html


Why an Author is anti-bourgeois ?

                          Why an Author is anti-bourgeois

                                                                              I Do, I Undo and I Redo

Affluence  and emotions seldom go together. It is not like Monk who sold his Ferrari, but he could become a monk only after he sold Ferrari and compunctions attached with it. What is frantically chased in the society (suppose Property) would be a bugaboo for an author and exhausted by the rat race around him he would exclaim “Property is murder”! But the world would go on… ! Frustrated by futility of energy and efforts around him author would find a rescue and solace in jotting down his views. Things happen, not by determinism, but by super-determinism, when nature pick and choose like a hovering kite a bourgeois rat to modify it into a human being.

                     At that time such literature becomes handy. Book Expo America would have to go miles and declare many Read Russia English Translation Prize before the essence of Russian Literature could transcend into the  mainstream literature of the United States.Intellectualism, literally and not philosophically, is engaged in plutocracyin the United States. Awarding prize is also a symbol of bourgeois system and is condemnable by true intellectuals.

                        You need not to be a Russophiles to understand Tolstoy and Dostoyevsky, but the only book that can make you a Russophile is Lolita, or may be “Diary of a Seducer” by Soren Kierkegaard written 150 years back after the turmoil of his break up with Regine Olsen. Anytime in the history of mankind when society would be able to see the human psyche beyond the tag of pedophile not as maniacs, but  as a sufferer of super-determinism©, may comprehend that the any system, aesthetic or ethical, can truly lead people in the right direction, save his own inner conscience.

                           The path that leads to right direction is just opposite to the path adopted by the society of US. Would past ever catch up with present or our roller-coaster-societyis already riding the fourth wave is yet to discern, and whether the world is round, flat or conical ( almost all stats are in conical form©), the literature would always supersede science and materialism, the only true enemies of individualism.

                             If any other Literature needs to be translated in all the languages of the world is ancient Indian literature written in Sanskrit, Pali and Prakratlanguages.

[*                            Theosophy and Literature*] went hand in hand for many centuries at the dawn of civilization, sharing  the common objective of  seeking direct knowledge of, presumed mysteries of being and nature. On the contrary bourgeois suffered from the syndrome of Obsessive-Compulsive-Disorder in multiplication of wealth and adopting the values of the capitalist class. At a point the realisation dawns that respect earned by wealth was superficial and one loses status as soon as that wealth is lost, one starts acknowledging the value of literature that gives immortal glory to the status of a man and thus to society he belonged.

[*                              The stereotyped bourgeois never become extinct. ‘ *] Haves’ would not enjoy the life if there are no ‘Have-notes’, and vice-versa may also be true. May be, just a thought!

© Vipin Behari Goyal Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2014/11/why-author-is-anti-bourgeois.html


Wonderful Small Books

                      Does size matters?

             The classification of book as novel, novella, novelette and short story is not an easy job. Reviewers/Editors/Critiques classify randomly and seldom bother to follow international standard. Some literary guild had been doing the exercise but they also do not have universal acceptance. 

              If we say that the novella is written with a satirical, moral or educational nature and purpose, it would be a gross generalization and the very object of the author could be defeated by such blatant categorization. Or a story may even have the ingredient of a novel like multiple characters, sub-plots, conflicts and twists, and all novels are also ultimately a story.

              “The Science Fiction” and “Fantasy Writers of America” specifies word lengths for each category of its Nebula award categories: Novel over 40,000 words, Novella 17,500 to 40,000 words, Novelette 7,500 to 17,500 words, Short Story under 7,500 words.

             How the words would be counted, is also not defined. There are different opinions and “different word counting programs may give varying results, depending on the text segmentation rule details, and on whether words outside the main text (such as footnotes, endnotes, or hidden text) are counted. But the behavior of most major word processing applications is broadly similar” as endorsed by Wiki.

           A reader, however remains unaffected by such jugglery and is straightforward in judging the true value of the books. Some, such books which are though small in word count, but have influenced the life or thought process of millions of people are listed here. If by chance we have over passed any of them earlier this is the high time to pick it now.

1. Jonathan Livingstone Seagull by Richard Bach is a book that teaches self -perfection, how to be true to yourself and keep working on love. It is motivational, life changing book, if taken seriously.

2. Notes from the Underground by Fyodor Dostoyevsky is a book from which many theories of Philosophies have emerged and also a paradigm shift in many existing philosophies has occurred. The description of mental state when one enjoys sufferings and conscious inertia makes this book as a masterpiece.

3.  The Little Prince by Antoine De Saint-Exupery is most-read, most-translated book of the world. The book has been tagged in the category of “Children’s Book” would sure leave every mature wondering about the strangeness and logistics of the adult world.

4. Who moved my cheese? By Spencer Johnson would change how you perceive the changes that are taking place in your life. It is written like a fable which has maximum appeal for the human psyche.

5. Self-reliance by R.W. Emerson  is a book of essay. You may have to re-read to grasp the depiction of self worth by trusting your own self.

6. The old Man and the Sea by Ernest Hemingway can be put at the top of the list, if this matters at all. There are very few books in the world that would touch your heart and mind both equally. Moreover who would not honor the struggle of old man and also would feel honored in doing so.

             This list would grow if you can add few books of your choice in the comments.

    Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2014/11/wonderful-small-books.html


The facts about Self-Publishing a novel

An author is born of suffering. How someone can become an author unless society has grilled him in all possible ways, sucked off all the marrow and threw wastage to be chewed by dogs. If something less than this has happened be bold, invite troubles and then wait patiently. There is no room for timid and cowards, who looks around twice before calling a spade a spade.

 If destiny has put a mouse in his hand and fingers have enjoyed playing on the keyboard to jot down words in the sequence in which they have never been written before, an author should be  prepared for next most hateful, torturous part of journey of accepting rejections from famous publishers till one fine morning he would decide to self publish his work.

Almost all self publishing houses use the same format of the agreement which traditional publishing houses use. Most of them have never heard about “Berne Convention’. They don’t know the procedures of sending a copy of the published book to national libraries which is mandatory by law. All they know is they can hire a printer, a friend to copy edit, cover design and typeset for paltry amount and rob the author for all this heavily.

Moreover, they would boast to get you an ISBN…wtf. I mean, how mean someone could be.

When an author is paying money to publish a book, how could publisher give credits to cover design, copy editors who are paid for doing it. The publisher is charging authors for paying them and still author does not hold copyright on these works. Can a printer put his own ad and other important cards that he has printed on your marriage card. It is ridiculous to that extent, if you give it a serious thought. Every published document should bear the name of the printer, is required by law, but just a name or one phone number at the most and that too at some inconspicuous place, where the customer desire.

Self published books are seldom picked up by good distributors. At the most they are made available through online stores to the friends and relatives of the author. Even the so called big and traditional publishing house puts a condition that you would have to buy 300 copies at the rate of 150/- Rs per copy suppose, they have indirectly robbed the author.

Most of them print on demand. Initially they print hardly one hundred copies to give to authors and keep reserves in the online store, which cost publisher few thousand bucks and a major chunk of author’s money goes to the pocket of the publisher.

As if that is not enough, if the published author (?), wants a ceremony to launch of his book, that gives another opportunity to the publisher to extract more money from the pocket of the author.

So what is the remedy?

The remedy is

1.Kindle Direct Publishing,






The beauty of these publishers is:

1. Transparency in all dealings

2. No expenditure at all

3. Very helpful and cooperative

4. Understand international laws on copyright and publishing

All you have to do is understand certain technicalities in submission of your book, for which they provide you a user friendly guide.

Encourage eBook reading in youngsters and readers of all age groups.

Believe me, this is definitely going to work.

Take my advice and begin now…..Contact me if you still have any doubt.

Also read “An author, Salesman and artisanal publisher”

© Vipin Behari Goyal Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2014/10/the-facts-about-self-publishing-novel.html


Alia Bhatt- Brainless Beauty is youth icon

                                                         [* Hamari Pyyari Alia*]

It can be hailed as the most elegant and cherished love story of Indian History. It is believed that the Mughal prince Khurram fell in love with a simple girl who flew one of the two prized fantail pigeons and on being asked how she could have done such a crime she flew the second one too and said:‘like this’! This naive girl went on to become his most treasured and loved wife, Mumtaz Mahal. She was the daughter of Asif Khan and granddaughter of Mirza Ghiyas Beg, both of whom held positions in the Mughal court. (tajmahaltour).

Now look at the jokes about Alia Bhatt on social media sites

1. Alia Bhatt is so dumb that she thought Pani Puri, Sev Puri are all relatives of Amrish Puri.

2. Arnab: What’s the first name of Modi? Alia: Abki Baar

3. Einstein says: Be friends with Alia Bhatt and feel like a genius all the time!

4. When Mary Kom won a Gold Medal in Asian Games Alia Bhatt congratulated Priyanka Chopra

5. Alia went to buy a national flag on Independence Day and asked to show it in some other colors, or that she insisted to a shopkeeper to give her free cholesterol when she bought Sunflower Oil.

When the whole world is rejoicing the youngest Nobel laureate Malala Yusufjai for her overwhelming achievement of  human rights advocacy for education for women, our most pure, innocent Alia Bhatt has received unparalleled applaud in the history of Bollywood for being labeled as dumb.

Four lunatics were standing near fence of an asylum when a car stopped outside on the road and the owner who was driving, got down from the car to change the tyre since it had gone flat. While in the process he had taken out flat tyre he accidently strikes the plate  where he kept all the four nuts and the nuts rolled in the nearby drainage. Now the owner was perplexed as how he would manage to reach to a mechanic, when one of the lunatic suggested that he take out one nut from each wheel and put stepney with three nuts. He can then go up to a mechanic. The owner was surprised he asked “Hey, you have solved my problem. How is that you are in a lunatic asylum.”

The man answered “ Well, I may be a cranky, but I am not dumb.”

That was the time when being stupid  was considered as the worst kind of stigma society can attach to anyone. Now Alia has surpassed Santa Banta and Blondes in stupidity.

Is Alia dumb or stupid? Or both?

Dumb, simply put, is when you don’t know any better. This could be on an intellectual, mental, or educational level. It could also be due to a lack of exposure to certain behaviors and subsequent reactions, relative to any kind of ‘life’ situation. The rate at which you react and whether or not you think first before the action or reaction is somewhat relative. Definitively though, nothing is more evident after the fact, or nearly as important as the simple fact that you didn’t know any better at the time.

Stupid, simply put, is when you know better, but you do it anyway. The first time you do your own laundry and toss bleach into a load of colored clothing, destroying everything… This is a dumb mistake. The next time you do laundry, and toss the bleach into the load of colors again? That is just stupid. You knew better from the first/past experience, but you did it anyways. (English language and usage).

Alia is neither dumb nor stupid.

She is pretty, innocent, charming, unworldly girl who has chosen to appear what she is not? Why anyone would do that. On the one hand when Kangana Ranaut in North and Kajal Agarwal in South has established themselves as the most intelligent heroines in Indian film industry, why an upcoming actress when labeled as dumb would rather approve of it. Look at her statements-

“I always say that I rather be stupid than pretend to be intelligent.”

“I think that is very funny. Basically there are these twitter and Facebook jokes on me, because I am apparently stupid. They are very hilarious,” she said.

“I don’t feel bad at all. I find it very funny. It’s a joke and you have to take it in a funny way. At least, I am crossing somebody’s mind at some point of the day.”

And it all started from Karan Johar’s talk show Koffee with Karan when she said that the Indian President is Prithviraj Chavan during the rapid fire round.

How many actresses do you think know the name of the President of India. They could be counted on finger tips.

Then why so much hue and cry to culminate it into a meme. It is an invention of some brilliant mind (a marketing strategist) to encash a mistake and project an image of a person with whom adolescent youth can identify and can make fun as well. The statements given by Alia are very intelligent. A stupid person would never admit that he is stupid.

This is the ultimate glamorization of stupidity.

Bollywood had been doing it in the past. They have glamorized criminals, vagabonds, tapories, rowdies and Mafioso. They are expert in tilting negative shades in such a way that audience starts identifying themselves by a rationality of displacement in their subconscious mind.

But credit goes to Alia Bhatt for doing it off the screen.

So when you are laughing at Alia in all probability she too is laughing hard at you, for having successfully befooled you. Only time would show who has the last laugh, but by that time the purpose would have been served.      

 ©Vipin Behari Goyal Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2014/10/alia-bhatt-brainless-beauty-is-youth.html


Cover Page of Novels By Vipin Behari Goyal

[*                                                What is in the Cover Page*]

The art of cover design of a book has become very important these days. Authors and publishers spend a lot of time and money on that. The buyers who are sincere readers have started taking the decision to buy a book on the basis of cover design. Though they also might read the blurb of the book to decide if the contents of the book suits to their taste. They also cast a cursory glance at the bio of the author, if they have not already heard about him. Does bio help them to decide whether to go for the book or not in any way? Or the cover design is the most important thing when a book is in hand. What makes the first impression on the mind of the reader title of the book or blurb, name of the author or his bio? If a reader has already heard about a book or author and he has already made up his mind to go for it, then of course there is no stopping for him.

Many publishers put the title of the book and the name of the author on cover page without any artwork. Still, those books are sold in volumes. But those authors belong to classical series for whom one can say “even name is enough”. Those books are like jewels in the bookshelves which the owner proudly displays. Nothing distracts your mind from the contents of the book.

What could enhance the beauty of a good book? Amrita Pritam’s books use to have paintings of Imroz as cover design. It was a unique combination to show how two different artists perceive a phenomenon with same intensity, except that a writer depends more on the imagination of reader while painting the picture of a scene with a keyboard on the screen.  

Sometimes an author would be puzzled if the cover page is more important than the content he has written. Many times publishers ask the author if he has any cover design in his mind. If he is suggesting one, the publisher would distort it with so called artistic improvisations that the author would even feel ashamed to condemn it.

Who is to be blamed if the cover page is totally irrelevant to the crux of the story? It is made on the basis of the title of the book and has nothing to do about the contents of the story. The cover designer is not a reader mostly. He is someone who more or less is, technically adept to tackle a cover design software. Cover designing a book is not lucrative profession, or rather it should not be. There is ample scope in other commercial fields for them like advertising. Publishers are commercial people, they are in the trade to make money. They are not a philanthropist or social activist. They are only happy when they earn profit by selling books. So they adopt gimmicks of attractive, sensational cover design. The reader might be misguided but the purpose of publisher has been served.

Author at a point of time is made to think that he has done some mistake by writing a book and having desired to see it published. So he suffers the punishment of harassment and pecuniary losses with determination to succeed.

Because he has faith in genuine readers.

Howsoever complicated this business of publishing and nexus of publisher, copy editor, cover designer, distributor, typesetter, professional reviewers, advertisers may become obnoxious, but the whole trade is merely a link between author and reader.

In India the youth has become mature as readers and his craving for serious reading is apparent. The days of Indian M&B and that type of cover designs are counted. May be they would target preteens instead of Young Adults in the future.

Kudos to generation x…y….z…

©Vipin Behari Goyal Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2014/10/cover-page-of-novels-by-vipin-behari.html



                 COPYRIGHT LAW IN INDIA

Indian English Writers started feeling the necessity of registration of the work when they constantly faced plagiarism, whether it was music industry, film production or literary work. It is a theft and rather a worse kind of theft. The pain and agony of original, creator are beyond words. The thieves are tactful, shameless and prepared for a long legal battle, being rich they can afford it. The poor creature has already lost half the battle when his work is stolen. He has to prove that he is the creator of his own masterpiece.

Every writer suffers from the trauma of apprehension that his work will be stolen. Which is also not unreasonable. Though theoretically the copyright is automatic as soon as the original work is created. But when you will fight a legal battle it would not be enough to say so. All over the world, there was concern over growing plagiarism so when Berne Convention, which started in 1886 was revised from time to time and is now applicable in 162 countries out of roughly 190 countries and protects literary and artistic rights of creators resident of any of these countries.

There are lots of legal complications when any controversy arises. Like in famous trial of "Three idiots" it was established that even if the economic rights are assigned away (and in this case, Bhagat assigned away his rights to any movie based on the book), the moral rights continue to vest in the author. Though it is different issue how much of the "Five point someone" was an original work, and what was the percentage of its resemblance with the work " Snapshots from Hell" by Peter Robinson. I personally think it was more than 3-5 %.

Government of India under Ministry of Human Resource Development has opened an office which registers all kinds of intellectual properties. So if you are a writer and have written a book, whether it is published or not you can get a certificate of registration of your book. Never send your manuscripts to a publisher without getting a copyright certificate. You can apply online for registration on the following website

It is users friendly website. Though I had to exercise some patience, but I was able to get the certificate for the manuscript of my novel based on Hindu Mythology “Apsara~Nina Bonita” 

eBooks are not considered as published work.

https://www.facebook.com/latatheapsara?ref_type=bookmark Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2014/07/copyright-law-in-india.html


Fooled by Translation


                      Fooled By Translation

Had India not remained slave to British for many centuries, our perception of English as a language would have been different. The words like Pre-Colonial  and Post-Colonial Literature would not have segmented our rich heritage of Sanskrit and Hindi Literature. One can dare say that amazing books have been written in Hindi and regional languages in India, which are at par, if not superior to books written in English. India has not come out of the spell cast by “Queen’s Language” which British thought was their monopoly.

However, USA also remained a colony but the English was already a native language of America, which is acknowledged as American English. While the Indian English is considered as crude copy of standard British English and has failed to develop an identity like American English.

The fact that despite critiques accused “Of man and mice” a masterpiece by John Steinbeck for vulgarity, racism and slang, the author was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature and American Literary Association classified the book as “Most challenged book of 21st Century”.

The Nobel Laureate of USA, Saul Bellow, Canadian born American author was brought up in Chicago and English was his native language. His books viz., The dangling man, Herzog, Seize the day, Revelstein are written in American English which has its own set of rules for  spelling, grammar, punctuation and style which are sometimes in contradiction to standard British English.

Most of the popular books that we read were not written in English originally. For example Mario Vargas Llosa, Gabriel García Márquez, Paulo Coelho wrote in Spanish, Fyodor Dostoyevsky ,Anton Chekhov Leo Tolstoy, Nikolai Gogol, Maxim Gorky, Boris Pasternak, Vladimir Nabokov, in Russian,  Haruki Murakami Yasunari Kawabata in Japanese, Jean-Paul Sartre, Albert Camus, Victor Hugo  Gustave Flaubert, Simone de Beauvoir in French.

These are only a few examples of popular authors. Sometime you may come across a bad translation and then it would be difficult to complete that book. Jacques Derrida says

“What must be translated of that which is translatable can only be the untranslatable. ”

Original always lacks its translation. It depends upon the translator if it fills up the gap in the way a story was created and perception of the reader, or widens it. Samuel Beckett who was a bilingual author who wrote in English as well as French said that the translator’s failure is, thus, an ‘interesting failure’.

Most of Indian knows good English but they are afraid of speaking and writing something because they think that some would mock at them, who has nothing substantial to say but has little better knowledge of grammar or punctuation.

The proper outlet for the creativity of such persons is translation of rich Hindi and regional language literature into English, if they have nothing to say anything of their own.

English is the lingua Franca of the world. If what is said is understood as it should be, the purpose of the language is served.

It is high time we make our own Chicago manual (may be Mumbai Manual) . The Mumbai has more English speaking people than anywhere else in India, and that too without hesitation of getting a tag.

Views of Gabriel Garcia Marquez on translator

“I have great admiration for translators except for the ones who use footnotes. They are always trying to explain to the reader something which the author probably did not mean; since it’s there, the reader has to put up with it. Translating is a very difficult job, not at all rewarding, and very badly paid. A good translation is always a re-creation in another language. That’s why I have such great admiration for Gregory Rabassa. My books have been translated into twenty-one languages and Rabassa is the only translator who has never asked for something to be clarified so he can put a footnote in. I think that my work has been completely re-created in English. There are parts of the book which are very difficult to follow literally. The impression one gets is that the translator read the book and then rewrote it from his recollections. That’s why I have such admiration for translators. They are intuitive rather than intellectual. Not only is what publishers pay them completely miserable, but they don’t see their work as literary creation. There are some books I would have liked to translate into Spanish, but they would have involved as much work as writing my own books and I wouldn’t have made enough money to eat.”

                                                           ~Vipin Behari Goyal Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2013/10/fooled-by-translation_8.html


Honesty is the best policy

[*                   Tips for Writers : Honesty is the best policy*]

Like in all other walks of life, in literature also “Honesty is the best policy”. When it is written with honesty and read with equal or rather more honesty, it makes the book immortal. The more burden lies on the shoulder of the reader. If he reads the book that are based on false values, it means he appreciates and promotes Hippocratic literature. Ultimately he becomes responsible for dragging the society in the wrong direction. He does not want the people to understand the true meaning of life, and condemns any efforts made in that direction by the author as well as other readers. Why he would do so?

Upbringing of a person plays a very important role. What type of parents, school, friends and environment an individual is subjected to in early childhood, frames his personality. Society condemns a person with a negative approach, but it is society that has played an important role in making him so. “I am not OK, you are not OK” to “I am OK you are OK” an individual has to travel a long journey, identify his conditioning and work on it to make his mind pure and unconditional.

We may think that it is the best option for anybody and he would readily accept once it is pointed out to him. But unfortunately it is not so. Such people have another problem of inflated ego. They are not ready to accept that their projection to outward situations of life is imbalanced and they need to work on it, on the contrary they become furious and react aggressively to defend their self projected image in their subconscious mind, that they are perfectly normal.

If you come across such person by misfortune, who are commonly called pain, you know where, believe me you are at the end of a blind alley. This is the high time to rest on laurels on behavioral therapy and subjugate yourself and the subject in the hands of supernatural powers. Some miracle may happen and the strong bond of stimuli and response in the mind of the subject would break, and he would be able to see the spark of Holy light that dwells in the pure unconditioned mind.

Honesty is a tool to explore the different realm of your psyche and thus takes you to the core of your existence.

                                                              ~Vipin Behari Goyal ©  Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2013/09/honesty-is-best-policy.html


Fiction and Philosophy

E. M. Forster

Fiction without Philosophy is not literature. It is only a story which may not even have any moral. You don’t learn anything but you feel entertained. It could be a good time pass or a way to kill the time. Lying on a beach, travelling in a train or bus, we see lots of people doing it. Though instead they should prefer to how the breeze is playing with the waves of the sea, people surfing, vendors selling and clouds are drifting. Instead they read a story which a thriller, suspense, romantic or 50 shades, which takes your mind to ugly imagination and you overlook the beautiful realities spread before your eyes. I would prefer to lie still, close my eyes and listen to the fine music of nature. It may happen that my inward journey takes me to some deeper realm of my existence and I may find a magical pearl that may unfold some mystery of life.

Love stories have always remained a part of literature as love has remained an integral part of life. There are no two love stories that are similar as there are no two human beings who are exactly same. Everyone has a different perception and conditioning of mind to reflect differently from others. That makes every love story unique, so if a writer can identify that uniqueness and narrate as to what makes it unique, he could write a meaningful love story.

 © Vipin Behari Goyal Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2013/09/fiction-and-philosophy.html


Pulp fiction Versus Kerosene literature

Is Pulp Fiction Lovable ?

 The pulp fiction was a term used in America in the early years of the twentieth century for cheap magazines and books sold on book stands. The covers were glamorous but the cheap pulp paper was used for printing the story and articles. The stories were action packed and romance was at its zenith in such books. Such books were popular with young adults. Some writers of pulp fiction later became celebrities and wrote popular fiction in literary style. After world war two the paper became very costly and such books slowly disappeared from the market. Later with the advent of Television the market of such books became obsolete and it became a talk of a bygone era.

Almost the same type of books and magazines were popular in India also during the same time till in sixties Hind Pocket Books came out with one rupee books. The pulp fiction was called “Ghasleti Sahitya” in India, which meant Kerosene Literature. It was called so, because in the opinion of bourgeois it was stinky as kerosene , and it could even stink the mind of readers. Such books were sold wrapped up in yellow foil so that curious bystanders do not pick up and turn the pages. Anonymous became the synonym of Mastram. Many bestselling authors of Hindi emerged from a community of readers and writers of these books.

During all these years great literature was written all over the world, especially in Europe,  e.g. F. Scott Fitzgerald, E. M. Forster, Ernest Hemingway, Aldous Huxley, Franz Kafka, Virginia Woolf, W. Somerset Maugham, Albert Camus, Joseph Conrad,  D .H. Lawrence, C.S. Lewis, George Orwell, Sinclair Lewis, Arthur Conan Doyle, James Joyce, Andre Gide, Rudyard Kipling,  Hermann Hesse, Ayn Rand, Jean Paul Sartre etc. wrote wonderful books which are categorized as “Classic Literature”. On the other hand in Hindi, the famous authors who created parallel classical literature during the same period were Bhishma Sahni, Dushyant Kumar, Devkinandan Khatri, Dharamvir Bharti, Hajari Prasad Dwivedi, Jainendra Kumar, Kamleshwar, Kedarnath Agarwal, Krishna Sobati, Mannu Bhandari, Mohan Rakesh, Nagarjun, Suryakant Tripathi Nirala, Phanishwar Nath Renu, Padma Sachdeva, Ramdhari Singh Dinkar, Sachchidananda Vatsyayan, Vishnu Prabhakar, Yashpal etc. . p. It looks like best literature in Hindi and English was written during the first half of the twentieth century when pulp fiction and kerosene literature was also equally or rather more popular if we decide the popularity by sale. Thousands of copies of cheap (in price) detective novels by Ved Prakash Sharma, Surendra Mohan Pathak and Keshav Pandit were sold on the date of release. They were James Hadley Chase, Frederick Forsyth and Earl Stanley Gardner of India.

What attracted people to these books? There was no TV, Video games, Internet and other numerous means of entertainment.  Middle class, half educated youth was attracted by pulp fiction as bees are attracted by nectar. These books were sold in 25 Paisa which was called Chawanni or a quarter of a rupee. Later everything that was cheap or vulgar was called “chawanna”. That was the only source of entertainment where you can extract the full value of your money provided you can read. In those days the rate of literacy (which meant people who could read and write their name) was  hardly ten percent, so reading a book was a status symbol and folks were impressed by it. Especially because this type of fiction provided enough scope for imagination.

If for a moment we get rid off of our English mania, the Hindi literature created during the first half of the past century was much superior to or at least at par with literature created in Europe, and the USSR. USA at that time was more busy in the economic growth of the country.

This is high time we accept the work of all authors and honor the talent of creative writing ignoring what is being written, if it  is popular amongst the masses.

© Vipin Behari Goyal Advocate, Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur, India Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2013/08/pulp-fiction-versus-kerosene-literature.html


The future of English fiction writers in India (2)

The future of English fiction writers in India (2)
p.                                                                                [Mehek Bassi – Indian English Author]
p. The interesting generalization about Indian English Authors who have become famous recently is their background. They have a higher technical degree and work in Banks/Financial Institutions. What makes them author? Except that they were born to be authors. They had a natural talent for the art of telling a story. Whatever novels have been written and published in the last one decade which one of them fall in the category of English Literature? Encyclopedia Britannica defines “English literature, the body of written works produced in the English language by inhabitants of the British Isles”. Many famous authors of English Literature settled outside the British Isle like James Joyce, D.H. Lawrence, Aldus Huxley, Christopher Isherwood, Robert Graves, and Graham Greene etc. The books written by Indian authors are classified as Indian English Literature or IEL. In India English has a status of second language. English as a second language (ESL) is the use or study of English by speakers with different native languages.
p. The countries like Great Britain, USA, Canada and Australia form an inner circle where English is the primary language. India and Singapore, are extended circle of English where it is the second language in a multilingual society. The third category is of countries like China and Japan, which form expanding circles where English is getting popular as a foreign language.

Unfortunately it is not the Hindi our mother tongue and national language, but English is the lingua Franca that connects the whole country. Much powerful literature has been written in regional languages which need to be translated in English. The business of publishing books seems to have more moral and ethical responsibilities, which again is a debatable issue. But one thing is sure that the future of Indian English fiction publishers is co-related to the future of Indian English writers.

The future would not be decided by The Great Authors like Vikram Seth or Arundhati Roy as they do not have mass appeal. Their novels were read by book lovers, who was already reading foreign authors. The English novels of Chetan Bhagat and Amish Tripathi etc. found a niche market.

A niche market is defined as “the subset of the market on which a specific product is focusing. So the market niche defines the specific product features aimed at satisfying specific market needs, as well as the price range, production quality and the demographics that is intended to impact.”

English should be the first preference to write if you can think, imagine, read and write in English. English like any other language is not monopoly of any nation.

About a thousand years back the nobility of England spoke French and read Latin and ordinary people spoke Old English which evolved as Middle English under the influence of Germanic, Romance and Celtic languages. Modern English has come a long way in last hundred years and it will be New English in coming hundred years.

English is the universal language by chance. Now it belongs to all equally. Books written in one part of the world in English are as good as written in any other part. So let us not confine language in the man-made boundaries of nations.

Kudos to the authors and publishers!!!

Salute to the whistleblowers and torch bearers!!!

The niche market is hungry and few books that have come so far are only appetizers.

Give them healthy food, lest they fall for junk food.

                                                                               ~Vipin Behari Goyal

Other related articles:

The future of English Fiction Writers in India (1)                                                      

The Facts about Self Publishing a novel

Copyright laws in India Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2013/07/the-future-of-english-fiction-writers.html


Why Murakami did not get a Nobel?

[* Why Murakami did not get a Nobel? *]

When everyone waited expectantly that the Nobel prize for literature for 1912 would go to Murakami , the name of Mo Yan was announced. Not many had read him before. Some booklovers even never heard about him. People sought consolation in the fact, that at least some Asian has won the prize.

Despite the hype and nomination why Murakami missed it? The literary world debates like academician. Most of the books of Murakami are best sellers and after his epic IQ84 he was considered as a potential contender of The Prize. At least the name would remind people of a great work of George Orwell, since in Japanese language 9 is written as Q. The novel is interesting and two moons could be symbolic of many things. What it lacks is a nucleus. The Author is not an entertainer, he has a social responsibility. Where is the voice against social injustice and satires against totalitarian political system which 1984 had?

So far people know that Mo Yan wrote stories about his village, what he had seen and faced all his life. So it touches the core of the heart and makes you realize that human emotion all over the world are identical. Many would not like to argue whether Mo Yan’s work is hallucinatory realism or magical realism, for a common man all magic is hallucinatory.

Everyone believes that the decisions of committee have remained controversial since its inception in 1901. Chekhov and Tolstoy were deliberately overlooked just because they were Russian and “ideal direction” was misinterpreted to favor certain authors. But same is not true for Japan. Japan has already won the Nobel Prize in literature twice,   Yasunari Kawabata in 1968 and Kenzaburō Ōe in 1994.

If committee could ignore Kafka (“The Metamorphosis”, “The trial” and “The Castle”) himself, they could easily ignore the author of “Kafka at the shore”. Though his most popular work of Murakami is “Norwegian Wood”.

Let us listen to this famous Beatles song “Norwegian Wood”:

The book reflects western influence on the author. He behaves differently in Japan and USA. He is not brand of Japan. An author carries the weight of cultural values and ethos of the community where he is rooted. If he is to go up, he has to go down.

The fusion of realistic and fantastic in the novels of Haruki Murakami is unparalleled but “The Wave” is not for that. The wave is of “Magical Realism” and “Red Sorghum” is about that.

                                                                                               ~Vipin Behari Goyal Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2013/07/why-murakami-did-not-get-nobel.html


Modern Masters of English Literature

[*          Modern masters of English Literature*]

“He dug so deeply into her sentiments that in search of interest he found love, ... once more in the youthful superstition that poverty was the servitude of love.”-- One Hundred Years of Solitude By Gabriel Garcia Marquez .

The secret of happiness is not doing what we like but in liking what we do.” ― J.M. Coetzee

There are many more. These are first two names that come to my mind.  They have written books that influence our life. The thoughts and desires stacked in sub-conscious mind pop up and some conclusions are drawn when prejudices are shredded.

The Magic Realism of Márquez is captivating. We live in the town of Mocondo when reading his book “One hundred years of solitude”, and become a friend of Florentino Ariza while reading “Love in the Time of Cholera”. The academic debate to categorize his work as Realism, Magical realism, surrealism or Magical surrealism could be endless. For a non-literature reader it is fantasy and he would call it as  Simply Fantabulous. It was his childhood dream to write about his town but to weave a story like that surpasses many realms of human existential consciousness.

In the end when Aureliano deciphers parchments Marquez writes

“It was the history of the family, written by Melquiades, down to the most trivial details, one hundred years ahead of time. He had written it in Sanskrit, which was his mother tongue.”

It shows the eastern inclination of author where it is believed that Valmiki wrote the great epic of Ramayana in Sanskrit before birth of Rama.

His books are criticized for promiscuity and incestuous relations of his characters. Death, violence and revolutions have always promoted promiscuity and incestuous relations in the society. Author simply narrates multi-faceted human behavior in an interesting way.

Similarly “Disgrace” by Coetzee tells how a  human emotion of attraction and its exhibition scares the society to condemn and thrust disgrace on a noble man.

In “Life and times of Michael K “ Coetzee enters into the mind of a simpleton who is deformed and acts dumb.

It is not strange to find such characters in every society, but it needs exceptional talent to identify them and find a philosophy in their behavior. That is how immortal books are written by Grand Masters.

When authors become a celebrity the society is cruel to them. They are also required to pay a price like any other celebrity in the field of Politics, Cinema and sports which are more or less skills. I think the public should be kind to painters, authors, scientist and sculptors who are differently molded and are creative . Both the modern masters have inspired authors to write in their own unique style  and explore one of your own from  infinite  dimensions of literary styles.

Are some Indian authors in the queue? Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2013/07/modern-masters-of-english-literature.html


The future of English fiction writers in India

Indian Society is complex, so Authors need to work hard

                                                      [Jyoti Arora-Indian English Author]

The English fiction writing has undergone many ups and downs in last few decades.

 Since, Nirad C. Chaudhuri (The Autobiography of an Unknown Indian), Mulk Raj Anand (The untouchable) and R.K.Narayan (The Guide), who wrote simple heart touching stories about the people around them, the flavor has been maintained by Jhumpa Lahiri (The Namesake)  and Sudha Murthy(wise and otherwise) till the current decade.

Some authors became famous for controversial writing as Khushwant Singh(A history of Sikhs) and Salman Rushdie(Satanic Verses) who wrote against religion or Shobha De to Arundhti Roy who said, did or wrote things to hurt the sentiments of people.

Vikram Seth(A Suitable Boy), Amitav Ghosh (The Glass Palace )wrote  literary English books that were highly acclaimed by Indian as well as foreign critiques.

The contribution of R.N.Tagore and V.S. Naipaul (both are Nobel laureate) is beyond my words.

These authors caused ripples in the literary world which was enjoyed by all those who love reading Indian English Authors.

Then the new wave emerged called Chetan Bhagat with his debut English novel “Five point someone”. It was a retold Indian version of Peter Robinson’s novel “Snapshots from hell”. Many surfers took the ride and a new wave was set in.

Love story is an eternal theme of literature since eleventh century when first novel was written. The youth of India had so far read few Mills and Boon was eager to explore the Indian counterparts of that series. The authors of this wave did not disappoint their readers and Indian book stalls were flooded with Boy-meets-Girl kind of romantic novels. It developed reading habits in youth that was lost in maze of cricket, cinema and career. The identity crisis of Indian youth and their dilemma to follow traditions and anxiety to be identical to their Western counterparts led them to read books in search of solutions. How far the Indian authors have been successful in suggesting remedies or at least, a better comprehension of the situation is anybody’s guess.

Literature is said to be the mirror of society. Indian youth is torn between old and new values but is not ready to revolt against age-old traditions. The medieval values of caste system, arranged marriage, dowry, child marriages, veil system, female feticide, divorce, inequality of men and women have become issues of yesterday, and youth is open to new wave of gender equality, choosing life partner and ready to share equal responsibility in raising children.

The basic values are deeply rooted in the psyche of Indian youth. Most of them respect and take care of elders and parents and are religious from the core of their heart. The medieval values emerged with Muslim invaders and strengthened with British Empire in India. Now after 65 years of Indian independence, when most of the population of India is born in free India a radical change is bound to come.

The Indian English authors should divert to serious writing suggesting pragmatic solutions of contemporary social issues, to sustain the hobby of reading in youth.

Amar Nath Prasad in his book Indian Writing in English said“The plant of Indian writing in English must develop its root quite deep into the fertile soil of Indian myths and culture.”

Related Post

The future of English Fiction writers in India – 2

© Vipin Behari Goyal

                                                                                                                                 Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2013/06/the-future-of-english-fiction-writers.html


Break Your Glass-Ceiling

[*                          How to Choose What to Read Next ?*]

Reading books is like climbing the stairs of multi story building when lift is out of order and you live on the top floor. You have to break a glass ceiling at every floor to enhance your vision and joy of being closer to your destination.

I reviewed my reading habits. I found that after every certain spell of time I lost interest in one genre and shifted to another. When saturation of one genre came something happened which broke the glass ceiling and I could rise to another level of understanding.

Here are books or authors at each level:


2.Enid Blyton- Famous five series

3.Alice in wonderland, Alibaba, Arabian Tales, Sindbad, Marco Polo, Panchtantra, Little Prince, Gulliver’s Travels etc.

                                       1.  GLASS-CEILING

4.Romance books and love story—Mills and Boon (Mostly Girls)

5.Sci-fi fiction, Horror for boys, though it could be vice versa or both.

                                         2. GLASS-CEILING

6. Matured romantic books—Gone with the wind, Thorn bird, Sidney Sheldon,

7. Suspense and crime thrillers—James Hadley Chase, Robert Ludlum, John Grisham, Mario Puzo

                                          3. GLASS-CEILING

8. Books based on facts- Ken Follett, Irving Wallace, Wilbur Smith, Arthur Halley, James Clavell

9. Banned books —Lady Chatterley’s lover, Lolita, Nancy Friday, Anonymous

                                     4. GLASS-CEILING

10.Fiction with philosophy—Ayn Rand, Paulo Coelho, David Brown, Khaled Hosseini, Murakami, Aldus Huxley, George, Orwell. Saul Bellow  

11. Autobiographies—Benjamin Franklin,  Albert Einstein, Mahatma Gandhi,

                                        5. GLASS-CEILING


12.  Classical Books—Tolstoy, Dostoevsky, Shakespeare,   Jane Austin, Pearl Buck, Earnest Hemmingway, Somersaught Maugham, Bertrand Russel

13. Text books of Philosophy, Psychology, and History to understand literature.   

                                       6. GLASS-CEILING

14. Philosophical or Psychological Fiction—Robert M. Pirsig, Jostein Gaarder, Mark Haddon, J.M.Coetzee, Gabriel Garcia Marquezss,

15. Self-improvement Books-- Malcolm Gladwell, Robin Sharma, Rhonda Byrne

                                     7. GLASS-CEILING

16. Philosophical Fiction- Jean Paul Sartre, Albert Camus, Friedrich Nietzsche, Kafka, Hermann Hess,  

 17. Supernatural and spiritual literature- Harold Kushner, Dalai Lama, Swami Rama, Swami Yogananda, Richard Bach, Elizabeth Gilbert, Mitch Albom.

This list cannot be exhaustive. It is just to give you an idea how things change with the passage of time. If they have not changed for you since long then you are stuck at a glass ceiling and this is high time for you to pick up your next genre.

Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2013/06/break-your-glass-ceiling.html


Little madness is necessary

                             Tips for Writers

Any creative artist cannot lead a life of normal human being. Authors are no exception. They are branded as whimsical, erratic, cynic, crazy or mad by society. Actually the faculties of mind that Author uses like imagination, minute observation, narration, memory are just opposite to what is required to lead a normal life. So if you have received any of these medals from society, be sure that you are already on the path of creativity.

If coachman is lashing the horse of the cart, how many would embrace the neck of the horse and weep in compassion for him as Nietzsche did.


“Only a good man can write a good book”

It is not necessary that society acknowledge you as good man. The society is too mean for that, you judge yourself conscientiously. Put a hand on your heart and review your life, if you have lived your life by conscience you could be a powerful author.

A powerful author would be remembered till the end of civilization. Do you think Dante, Victor Hugo and Tolstoy would ever become obsolete? Even if one does not reach to that height, he should at least aspire for that. p. Life of a normal man does not make any story. Author cannot repeat the story told by someone else. He would add his own perspectives and would kill the core of the story. Main thing is to feel the pain of the sufferer and express the compassion without a care about what people would say about you.

Keep in mind you have to:

“Search for the nucleus of society”

If so far you have written boy-meets-girl types of stories, now try something different. Twenty five years back when I thought I have written a very good story, I took it to a great author of our region Vijay Dan Detha who received many literary awards. After reading he asked where the nucleus of the story is.

I was astounded. From that day I began my search and found that every individual, every society and every culture has a nucleus. They are all around us. Either we don’t see or we ignore. The boy does meet a girl in the society but that is what everybody else also sees. An author has to see and express it with an angle others might have overlooked.

Next time when you write a story check if it has nucleus or not? Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2013/06/little-madness-is-necessary.html


An Author, Salesman and artisanal Publisher

                                   When Author is also a Salesman

If you born as an author you are not far from being a salesman and artisanal Publishers.

In ancient time (only a few decade back) an author was only an author. He had a desire to share his dreams and views with others. He seldom bothered about commerce of his books.

Sophia Tolstaya wife of Leo Tolstoy took care of financial aspects of her husband’s work. She was also a copyist for Leo Tolstoy and wrote his great work “War and Peace” seven times from beginning to end.

Most of the authors now say that writing a book is only 20% component of the project. Rests 80% is getting it published and make it reach in the hands of a reader.

By the time your script is rejected by good number of publisher and Google is unable to provide you with a fresh list, you would start losing faith in your writing skill. The second good story that had germinated while writing your debut would be worst hit. You would be tempted to shelve that in a corner of mind for time being.

While waiting for more rejections you would contemplate an e-book and self published paperback. It may take a long time to comprehend the mechanism and mathematics of self published book. The only satisfaction you may draw is that your book saw the light of the day. It would not stir the literary world, as it would not reach in the hands of elite whose opinion matters in literary world.

Some authors write specific genre for specific clientele. Others want to ride the wave and write something that would sale. The idea is not the book but money is the ideal. They are always a winner. Anyone who knows how to surf a tide is winner. He may not be an author but he is winner of the game of which you are also a participant.

Even if you have written a book on “old age” publishers note would come requesting some youth material in it, because youth is the potential buyer. Publishing has become tough day by day. Publishers invest money expecting some returns. He does all the labor to establish you as a writer and when by chance if you are successful, you reap all the benefits of fame popularity and money.

I would suggest to all those who are reading this article “WRITE A BOOK”. Anyone can write at least one good book in his life. You have learnt your lessons of life and faced ups and downs, just sit on key board and pen (?) them down. That is the minimum you can do to make yourself immortal and preserve memories in the heart of your offspring.

Other related post

 Hoax of Self-Publishing

© Vipin Behari Goyal Permalink: http://vipinbeharigoyal.blogspot.co.uk/2013/06/an-author-salesman-and-artisanal.html

Facts About Fiction

This book is a compilation of one hundred essays published at my Blog "Author's Diction". The essays are about my perception of World Literature, written objectively by first finding a neutral territory to stand and then perceive the truth in its totality. If you differ, the lack of is mine. The journey began in June 2013, after self-publishing my few novels I was promoting my books as Salesman. During the journey the first epiphany was that I am not a good salesman. I am supposed to write for my own sake only. It was good revelation, since it made my journey comfortable. I believed in the theories and -isms, but during the course of the journey I reached to the conclusion that the literature is only 'a tale of the joys and sorrows' and this paradigm shift helped me grow as a writer.

  • ISBN: 9781311249463
  • Author: Vipin Behari Goyal
  • Published: 2016-03-19 16:05:20
  • Words: 69643
Facts About Fiction Facts About Fiction