Loading...
Menu

English Reading Book

READING ENGLISH

48 INTERESTING PASAGES

EXPLANATORY TESTS

NEW WORDS

PUZZLES

ANSWER KEY

COLLECTED BY E. CELİK

EFFECTIVE ENGLISH EDUCATION SERIES NO: 1

INTRODUCTION

Dear Readers ,

Actually this book composed in another country. This admired book was collected

again by me for our country readers. To make effective this book we add improved

education technologies in it. Anyone who has basic English level ,wound’ t get bored

while study this book and you can improve your reading English and new words.

Your respectfully

Ercan Çelik

14/10/2003

Adana

5

1

COLOURS AND OUR VISION

What color is easy to see ?What color can you see best from far away? Many boys and girls

think red can be seen best. But yellow can be seen easier from far away.

2Wear a yellow coat and hat if you walk in the woods. Wear a yellow raincoat. Car drivers

can see you quickly if you wear yellow . Be safe. Wear yellow.

1

HOW WELL DID YOU READ?

1.Many boys and girls think that

A) red can be seen best

B) black can be seen best

C) yellow can be seen best

2. A very easy color to see is

A) red

B) yellow

C) black

3. Wear yellow in the woods so that you

A) look like trees

B) can be seen from away

C) look nice

4. In the rain , you should wear

A) a yellow raincoat

B) a yellow sweater

C) a color that can ‘t be seen

5. Wear yellow to be

A) safe

B) quick

C) clean

LEARN ABOUT WORDS

A. When you know meaning of a word and

know its first letter , you can often tell

what the word is.

DIRECTIONS: Read the tree meaning ;

then look at the first letter in each line of

the puzzle.When you think you know

what the word is , turn to the right

paragraph in the story and find it.Write

the word.

6. to look at

7. in case

8. not a boy

9. a covering for the head

10. to use the mind

(1)

(2)

(1)

(2)

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

S

I

G

H

T

(1)

1

2

HOW FLIES WALK

A fly can walk up a wall.It can walk upside – down .You can not. You would fall. How does

the fly do it?

2 A fly has six legs.It walks with three legs up and three legs down.Each leg has a little sticky

pad on it , almost like a shoe . The pads stick to the wall. This is why the fly does the fall.

1

HOW WELL DID YOU READ?

1.What can walk up a wall ?

A) a fly

B) you

C) a shoe

2. A fly has

A) 4 legs

B) 6 legs

C) 8 legs

3. When a fly walks , it has

A) 2 legs down

B) 3 legs down

C) 4 legs down

4. On each of the fly ‘ s legs is

A) a sticky pad

B) a shoe

C) a wall

5. The fly doesn’t fall of the wall because

A) its wings hold it to the wall

B) its pads stick to the wall

C) it can walks upside – down

LEARN ABOUT WORDS

A. Often you can tell the meaning of a

word from other words round it.We

call this “getting meaning from context ”.

DIRECTIONS: Find words in the story that

mean :

6. with the top part at the bottom (1)

7. in what way (1)

8. drop down (1)

9. for the reason (2)

10. the soft round part on the bottom of

some animals ‘ feet (2)

B. Read the tree meaning (A,B and C)

Then look back to the right paragraph.

Decide which meaning fits the way the

words is used in the story . Write the

letter that stands before the meaning

you choose.

2

11. fly(1)

A) a small insect

B) an unimportant person

C) a one – horse cart

12. stick (2)

A) get fastened

B) hold together

C) push into

C. When you know the meaning of a word

and know its first letter , you can often

tell what the word is.

DIRECTIONS :Read the meaning ; then

look at the first letter in each line of the

puzzle. When you think you know what

the word is , turn to the right paragraph

in the story and find it.Then write the

word.

13. move on foot

14. nearly

15. small

16. one of the parts of the body with

we walk.

13. W

14.

15.

16.

A

L

L

(1)

(2)

(2)

(2)

3

3

THE SUN

1

At night you can see many stars.In the day you can see one star – the sun. Did you know

that the sun is a star ? It looks bigger than other stars because it is nearer to us . The sun is

much bigger than the moon . It is made of very hot gas . The sun’ s light and head make our

plants and food grow . We could not live without the sun.

HOW WELL DID YOU READ?

1.At night you can see

A) many stars

B) many suns

C) just one star

2. Is the sun a star ?

A) yes

B) no

C) The story does not say.

3. The sun is made of

A) many moons

B) hot gas

C) fire

4. The sun looks bigger than the stars

because it

A) really is bigger

B) is nearer to us

C) is so hot

5. We need the sun to

A) make our food grow

B) make our hot

C) make the moon grow

LEARN ABOUT WORDS

A. Often you can tell the meaning of a

word from other words round it.We

call this “getting meaning from context ”.

 

DIRECTIONS: Find words in the story that

mean :

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

a flower , a tree, etc.

one main form of matter

seem

other words & suns in the sky at night

not far away

for

B. When you know the meaning of a word

and know its first letter , you can often

tell what the word is.

DIRECTIONS :Read the meaning ; then

look at the letter in each line of the

puzzle. When you think you know what

the word is , turn to the right paragraph

in the story and find it.Then write the

word.

12. exist

13. not with

14. become bigger

L

I

G

15 .the opposite of cold H

T

4

4

INSECTS

Animals with six legs are called insects. There are more insects than any other kind of animal

Insects eat plants. Some eat the leaves. Other eat the roots. Farmers do not like insects.

2There are other animals that eat insects. They help the farmer . Birds eat insects.Frog and fish

eat insects , too.

3In winter , some insects stay in warm places. There they go to sleep for the whole winter.

1

HOW WELL DID YOU READ?

1.All insects have

A) 2 legs

B) 4 legs

C) 6 legs

2. Insects like to eat

A) leaves and roots of plants

B) farmers

C) fish

3. Farmers like

A) birds that eat insects

B) insects

C) animals that eat plants

4. Frogs and fish help the farmer by

A) eating each other

B) eating many insects

C) eating plants

5. In winter, some insects

A) fly in the cold

B) eat fish

C) go to sleep where it is warm

LEARN ABOUT WORDS

A. Often you can tell the meaning of a

word from other words round it.We

call this “getting meaning from context ”.

DIRECTIONS: Find words in the story that

mean :

6. the parts of a tree which go under the

ground

7. all of the

8. type

9. not cold

10. the cold season

B. When you know the meaning of a word

and know its first letter , you can often

tell what the word is.

DIRECTIONS :Read the meaning ; then

look at the letter in each line of the

puzzle. When you think you know what

the word is , turn to the right paragraph

in the story and find it.Then write the

word.

5

11. the green on the tree

12. non – human living thing

13. the person who farms

14. aid

15. non – animal living thing

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

S

L

E

E

P

(1)

(1)

(1)

(2)

(1)

6

5

THE BUSY INSECTS

1

Ants are very busy animals. If you look in an ant – hill , you will find thousands of ants

that are busy every minute. Some ants dig holes for the nest. Some ants go outside the

ant – hole and bring back food. In the nest , baby – sitter ants take care of the babies. Ant

maids keep the nest clean . Soldier ants protect the nest . All ants work together .

HOW WELL DID YOU READ?

1.Ants are busy

A) every minute

B) only at night

C) only when they are inside their nest

2. Ants dig holes

A) to find food

B) for their nests

C) just to keep busy

3. Some ants go outside the ant – hole

A) to keep the nest clean

B) to take care of ant babies

C) to bring back food

4. Baby ants are taken care of by

A) the ant queen

B) baby – sitter ants

C) ant soldier

5. The ants’ nest is protected by

A) maids

B) soldiers

C) babies

LEARN ABOUT WORDS

A. Often you can tell the meaning of a

word from other words round it.We

call this “getting meaning from context ”.

DIRECTIONS: Find words in the story that

mean :

6. a person who take care of child or baby

7. a women servant

8. a fighting man in the army

9. a place build by small animals

10. make a hole in the earth

11. with each other (not alone)

12. guard

B. When you know the meaning of a word

and know its first letter , you can often

tell what the word is.

DIRECTIONS :Read the meaning ; then

look at the letter in each line of the

puzzle. When you think you know what

the word is , turn to the right paragraph

in the story and find it.Then write the

word.

7

13. a very young child

14. not in

15. small insects which build their homes in the ground

16. hard working

13.

14.

15.

16.

B

U

S

Y

8

6

JARS

Long ago , people learned to make glass. They found that glass jars were better than jars

made of clay or wood .

2Some clay jars leak , but glass jars do not . Wood jars rot and wear out. Insects eat holes

in them , too. But glass jars last.

3Glass has no taste. So it doesn’t change the taste of the things it holds.

1

HOW WELL DID YOU READ?

1.The story says that some clay jars

A) rot

B) wear out

C) leak

2. The story says that jars made of wood

A) crack

B) rot

C) melt

3. Insects can harm jars of

A) wood

B) glass

C) stone

4. The story says that glass jars do not

A) leak

B) hold water

C) break

5. Glass has no

A) shape

B) taste

C) weight

LEARN ABOUT WORDS

A. Often you can tell the meaning of a

word from other words round it.We

call this “getting meaning from context ”.

DIRECTIONS: Find words in the story that

mean :

6. wide – mouthed container (1)

7. learn or discover (1)

8. pass out (2)

9. become no longer useful (2)

10. continue to be (2)

11. The matter of which a tree is made (1)

B. Read the tree meaning (A,B and C)

Then look back to the right paragraph.

Decide which meaning fits the way the

words is used in the story . Write the

letter that stands before the meaning

you choose.

9

12. Clay

A) flesh

B) earth

C) mud

(1)

(2)13. Rod

A) decay

B) waste

C) decrease

14. Hole(2)

A) cave

B) space

C) opening

15. Hold(3)

A) occupy

B) contain

C) control

16. Taste(3)

A) flavor

B) sample

C) liking

C. When you know the meaning of a word

and know its first letter , you can often

tell what the word is.

DIRECTIONS :Read the meaning ; then

look at the letter in each line of the

puzzle. When you think you know what

the word is , turn to the right paragraph

in the story and find it.Then write the

word.

17. a prefix meaning “within”

18. not any

19. therefore

20. take in food

21. make different

22. also

I

N

S

E

C

T

17.

18.

19.

20.

21.

22.

(2)

(3)

(3)

(2)

(3)

(2)

10

7

THE FEARED ANTS

There are many kinds of ants in Africa. One kind is feared more than the others. It is the

driver ant.

2These ants move in large groups. They eat all the creatures in their path. They have been

known to kill and eat elephants.

3When the ants come near , people leave their homes. But they are sometimes glad after

the ants pass through. No insects or snakes are left.

1

HOW WELL DID YOU READ?

1. Driver ants are found

A) South America

B) Africa

C) North America

2. The story says that these ants move

A) one at a time

B) in twos

C) in large groups

3. These ants will kill and eat

A) only men

B) only elephants

C) all the creatures in their path

4. When ants come near , people

A) stay to meet them

B) leave their homes

C) burn the houses

5. After the ants’ visit ,homes are

A) not fit to live in

B) ready to be – torn down

C) free of insects and snakes

LEARN ABOUT WORDS

A. Often you can tell the meaning of a

word from other words round it.We

call this “getting meaning from context ”.

DIRECTIONS: Find words in the story that

mean :

6. remain (3)

7. The place where people live (3)

8. To be afraid of (1)

9. happy (3)

B. When you know the meaning of a word

and know its first letter , you can often

tell what the word is.

DIRECTIONS :Read the meaning ; then

look at the letter in each line of the

puzzle. When you think you know what

the word is , turn to the right paragraph

in the story and find it.Then write the

word.

11

10. an animal with six legs

12. not small

13. an animal without legs

14. a small insect

15. any living animal or any human being

16. close

17. the largest living land animal

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

17.

16.

C

R

E

A

T

U

R

(3)

(2)

(3)

(2)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(2)

E

12

8

POTTERY

Drop a cup or plate.It breaks into bits.Pottery is baked clay. It easily breaks. But time will

not make it decay. Iron rusts. Cloth rots.But pottery keeps its shape and color.

2From pottery , we can learn a lot about people who lived long ago .In buried towns and

rubbish dumps we find the pots they threw away. Old jugs and jars tell us the story of daily

life in the past : how clever or simple people were , what they ate and drank.

1

HOW WELL DID YOU READ?

1.Pottery is made of

A) cups

B) baked clay

C) plates

2. Time does not cause decay in

A) cloth

B) iron

C) pottery

3. Old post are worth finding because

A) they tell us about people of the past

B) they cost a lot of money

C) they are full of treasure

4. Old pottery has been found

A) in buried towns only

B) in large iron or cloth stores

C) in buried towns and rubbish dumps

5. Those who dig up old pots are

A) miners

B) well – diggers

C) the story does not say

LEARN ABOUT WORDS

A. Often you can tell the meaning of a

word from other words round it.We

call this “getting meaning from context ”.

DIRECTIONS: Find words in the story that

mean :

6. a place for throwing waste matter (2)

7. put under ground (2)

8. a water container with a handle (2)

9. quick in learning (2)

10. art of making pots (1)

B. Read the tree meaning (A,B and C)

Then look back to the right paragraph.

Decide which meaning fits the way the

words is used in the story . Write the

letter that stands before the meaning

you choose.

13

11. Plate(1)

A) a flat; open dish

B) food server to one person at a meal

C) a sheet of metal

12. Rubbish (2)

A) foolish talk

B) bad writing

C) waste matter

C. When you know the meaning of a word

and know its first letter , you can often

tell what the word is.

DIRECTIONS :Read the meaning ; then

look at the letter in each line of the

puzzle. When you think you know what

the word is , turn to the right paragraph

in the story and find it.Then write the

word.

14. become bad

15. past form of find

16. the form of a thing

17. piece

14.

15.

16.

17.

R

U

S

T

13. Simple(2)

A) easy to understand

B) ordinary

C) foolish

(1)

(2)

(1)

(1)

14

9

BIRDS IN COLD WEATHER

In cold weather , birds puff out their feathers.It makes them look fat.What they are really

doing is trapping warm air next to their skins.This helps them to keep warm.

2Some birds also tuck their beaks under their wings when they go to sleep.This warms the

air they breathe .It may help them to go to sleep as well because they keep on breathing the

same air. This makes them feel drowsy.

1

HOW WELL DID YOU READ?

1.Birds puff out feathers in

A) warm weather

B) rainy weather

C) cold weather

D) dry weather

LEARN ABOUT WORDS

A. Often you can tell the meaning of a

word from other words round it.We

call this “getting meaning from context ”.

DIRECTIONS: Find words in the story that

mean :

6. blow (1)

7. sleepy (2)

8. cover (2)

9. big (1)

10. covering of the body (1)

2. In cold weather , birds look

A) fat

B) hollow

C) thin

D) round

3. Under the bird’ s wing it is

A) cold

B) damp

C) warm

D) rough

4. Some birds put their

A) feet under their wings

B) beaks under their wings

C) necks under their wings

D) feathers under their wings

5. If you keep on breathing the same air

A) sleepy

B) wide – awake

C) warm

D) happy

B. When you know the meaning of a word

and know its first letter , you can often

tell what the word is.

DIRECTIONS :Read the meaning ; then

look at the letter in each line of the

puzzle. When you think you know what

the word is , turn to the right paragraph

in the story and find it.Then write the

word.

15

11. one of the parts of the bird’ s body

with which it flies

12. a bird does not have a mouth but a

13. to draw air into the lungs

14. a bird’s outer covering

15. to have a sense of

16. to have a sense of

17. catch ; hold

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

17.

W

E

A

T

H

E

R

(2)

(2)

(2)

(1)

(1)

(2)

(1)

16

10

RICE

The main food of one – third of the world is rice. Rice is planted out on muddy

ground , called “paddy “ fields. Then the field is flooded with water . Growing rice likes to

spend most of its life in water. A wall round the field keeps the water from flowing away.The

is kept moist until the leaves change from green to yellow.

2 Then the water is drawn off. The rice ripens in the sun. The plants are then cut and threshed.

HOW WELL DID YOU READ?

1. Rice is the main food of

A) one – fifth of the world

B) one – third of the world

C) most of the world

D) the whole world

LEARN ABOUT WORDS

A. Often you can tell the meaning of a

word from other words round it.We

call this “getting meaning from context ”.

DIRECTIONS: Find words in the story that

mean :

6. wet

7. get out the grain

8. become ripe

9. surface of the earth

10. cover with water

1

2. Rice is planted

A) on a wall

B) in paddy fields

C) on dry ground

D) all over the world

3. The field is flooded

A) before the seed is sown

B) after the plants are set out

C) when the leaves turn yellow

D) when the rice is ripe

4. The water is drawn off when the

A) plants are set out

B) rice begins to grow

C) leaves are green

D) leaves change to yellow

5. The plants are green

A) leaves are green

B) leaves change color

C) rice is ripe

D) harvest moon shines

B. When you know the meaning of a word

and know its first letter , you can often

tell what the word is.

DIRECTIONS :Read the meaning ; then

look at the letter in each line of the

puzzle. When you think you know what

the word is , turn to the right paragraph

in the story and find it.Then write the

word.

17

11. to pass

12. to run like water

13. most important

14. a grain

15. land used for planting

16. rice field

17. full of mud

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

17.

S

O

M

E

D

A

Y

18

11

THE FIRST AEROPLANE

About two hundred years ago , the first big balloon was made.The man who made the

balloon wanted some animals to try it out. He put a sheep a rooster and a duck in the balloon

into the air. Soon it came down. The balloon ride had not hurt the animals.

2Soon afterwards a man went up in a balloon. Then larger balloons were made. They stayed

in the air for a longer time. All this happened a long time before we had airplanes.

1

HOW WELL DID YOU READ?

1.The first balloon was made

A) last year

B) 200 years ago

C) 2.000 years ago

D) 20 years ago

LEARN ABOUT WORDS

A. Often you can tell the meaning of a

word from other words round it.We

call this “getting meaning from context ”.

DIRECTIONS: Find words in the story that

mean :

6. a mixture of gases (1)

7. later (2)

8. take place (2)

9. remain (2)

10. damage or destroy (1)

2. Three animals were put

A) in the balloon

B) in an airplane

C) in some water

D) in a cart

3. The animals were sent into the air

A) to teach them to fly

B) to hurt them

C) to get rid of them

D) to test the balloon

4. A man went up in the balloon

A) before the animals went up

B) soon after the animals went up

C) along with the animals

D) to take care of the animals

5. Airplanes were made

A) before balloons were made

B) after balloons were made

C) by the man who made the balloon

D) out of balloons

11. a common water – bird (1)

12. a short journey (1)

B. When you know the meaning of a word

and know its first letter , you can often

tell what the word is.

DIRECTIONS :Read the meaning ; then

look at the letter in each line of the

puzzle. When you think you know what

the word is , turn to the right paragraph

in the story and find it.Then write the

word.

19

13. large ; great

14. nearly

15. a living thing which is not a plant

16. a flying machine

17. a male chicken

18. not short

19. wish

13.

14.

15.

16.

17.

18.

19.

B

A

L

L

O

O

N

(1)

(1)

(1)

(2)

(1)

(2)

(1)

20

12

BIRDS

1

Birds do not fly high up in the sky. The air is too thin. It is hard for birds to breathe in thin

air and thin air does not hold them up.

2Birds fly near the ground so that they can see where they are. The birds look for places they

know. Then they do not get lost. Some birds fly so low over the ocean that the waves often

hide them. Many birds fly long distance in the spring and autumn.

HOW WELL DID YOU READ?

1.Birds fly

A) high in the sky

B) near the ground

C) on the clouds

D) through the water

5. As they fly , the birds look for

A) good air the breathe

B) places they known

C) clouds in the sky

D) other birds

LEARN ABOUT WORDS

A. Often you can tell the meaning of a

word from other words round it.We

call this “getting meaning from context ”.

DIRECTIONS: Find words in the story that

mean :

6. keep (1)

7. surface of the earth (2)

2.The thin air up high

A) makes breathing easy

B) makes breathing hard

C) holds the birds up

D) is just like the air near the ground

3. Many birds fly a long way

A) in the summer

B) in the winter

C) in the spring

D) every day

4. When the birds fly close to the water

the waves

A) carry the birds along

B) may hide the birds

C) drown the birds

D) hold the birds up

8. search (1)

9. an up and down and rolling movement

on the surface of water (2)

10. space between two points (2)

11. unable to find the right way (2)

12. third season of the year (2)

21

B. When you know the meaning of a word

and know its first letter , you can often

tell what the word is.

DIRECTIONS :Read the meaning ; then

look at the letter in each line of the

puzzle. When you think you know what

the word is , turn to the right paragraph

in the story and find it.Then write the

word.

13. to draw air into the lungs

14. not thick

15. the season between winter and summer

16. keep out of sight

17. space above us where clouds & stars are

13.

14.

15.

16.

17.

B

I

R

D

S

(1)

(1)

(2)

(2)

(1)

22

13

HEAT UNDER YOUR FEET

By Lyn Harrington

1

There is a place on our earth where hot water and steam come up from under the ground.

It is a large island in the Pacific Ocean . The island is North Island in New Zealand.

The planet on which we live is a ball of very hot rock. It is a good thing for us that the

outside shell is cold. If it were not no one could live here. What if our earth were only as

big as an egg ? Then the outside part would be as deep as the egg’ s shell.

The earth’ s shell has cracks in it in some places. In New Zealand this shell seems to

have more cracks than in other places on the earth. There are spots where the ground is

so hot that it burns the bottom of your shoes. In some places , hot water shoots into the

air from time to time. At other points , you can see steam coming up from pools of hot

water.

The people who live in these places make use of the heat that comes from inside the earth.

Some of them cook in the hot pools. They put food into a basket and place it in the water.

Washing clothes is done in much the same way.

Many people bring the hot water from below the earth into their homes.They do this by

putting a pipe a hundred feet or more into the ground. In this way they get hot water and

steam for cooking and washing , and for heating their homes.

For most of us , the head under our feet is too far away to use. We must make our head

by burning coal ,oil or gas .The people who get heat from inside the earth are lucky. It

takes money to pay for coil , oil or gas.

2

3

4

5

6

23

HOW WELL DID YOU READ?

1. Hot water and steam come from the

earth in

A) New York

B) New Zealand

C) New Mexico

2. Our planet is a ball of

A) hot rock

B) cold rock

C) hot water

3. New Zealand has heat coming from

ground in

A) two places

B) one place

C) many places

4. The pools in New Zealand are heated by

A) the earth

B) the sun

C) heaters

5. In New Zealand the earth’ s heat

A) hurts many people

B) is put to good use

C) is not used at all

LEARN ABOUT WORDS

A. Often you can tell the meaning of a

word from other words round it.

DIRECTIONS: Find words in the story that

mean :

6. land with water round it (1)

7. not hot (2)

8. case ; covering (2)

9. small lakes (3)

10. things you can eat (4)

B. When you know the meaning of a word

and know its first letter , you can often

tell what the word is.

DIRECTIONS :Read the meaning ; then

look at the letter in each line of the

puzzle. When you think you know what

the word is , turn to the right paragraph

in the story and find it.Then write the

word.

11. very warm

12. something a hen lays

13. something we breathe

14. more than enough

11.

12.

13.

14.

H

E

A

T

(3)

(2)

(3)

(6)

24

14

THE SURPRISING MR. FULTON

By George Hess

In 1801 thousands of people stood on the banks of a river in France. They were watching

an odd – looking boat.It had no sails. It had no cabins. It was just a bare shell of a boat.Inside

were to men , Robert Fulton and hid helper. Before the eyes of everyone , the boat went under

water.

2 Would the boat come up again ? The people waited five minutes -ten minutes - fifteen

minutes. But the boat was still out of sight. No men could stay under water for so long and live!

1

3

Five more minutes passed. Then --many feet from where the boat had gone down -- something

was coming up ! It was the odd – looking boat. The top of the boat opened up and two men looked

out. Robert Fulton had shown everyone that a boat could stay under water for a long time. He also

proved that it could move under water.

What made the boat go under water and come up again ? Robert Fulton had opened a small door.

The water came in fast and filled a large tank inside the boat. This made the boat heavy , enough

to go under. When Fulton was ready to come up again , he pumped the water out of the tank. Now

the tank had only air in it and the boat was light enough to rise. The submarines of today go down

and come up in the same way.

Fulton made his boat move under water by pushing a rod back and forth. Today , of course,

motors and nuclear power make submarines move.

Just six years later , in 1807 , many people were watching another strange boat. This time It was

on the Hudson River in New York. This boat had a long pipe sticking up in the air. From the pipe

came heavy black smoke. On each side of the boat was a large wheel. On each wheel were

paddles. Steam would make the wheels turn and make the boat move.

4

5

6

25

7

Hardly anyone believed that the boat would work. They made fun of Fulton and his boat.

On board were many fine people. Most of them were afraid and wished they had not come.

Soon the wheels began to turn. Quietly and smoothly the boat started up the river against

the water and the wind. The people cheered. Fulton had done it again !

8

HOW WELL DID YOU READ?

LEARN ABOUT WORDS

A. Often you can tell the meaning of a

word from other words round it.

DIRECTIONS: Find words in the story that

mean :

6. sides ; edges (1)

7. looking at (1)

8. boats that move under water (5)

9. odd ; unusual (6)

B. When you know the meaning of a word

and know its first letter , you can often

tell what the word is.

DIRECTIONS :Read the meaning ; then

look at the letter in each line of the

puzzle. When you think you know what

the word is , turn to the right paragraph

in the story and find it.Then write the

word.

1.Fulton made his boats about

A) 1900

B) 1800

C) 1700

2. Fulton made his submarine move by

A) motors

B) wind

C) pushing a rod back and forth

3. Before the steamboat started , the

people board were

A) afraid

B) happy

C) angry

4. The boat with a wheel on each side was a

A) steamboat

B) submarine

C) motorboat

5. The boat that moved under water was a

A) steamboat

B) canoe

C) submarine

26

10. name of a country

11. below

12. big

13. a number

14. nothing but

15. at this time

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

F

U

L

T

O

N

27

15

GIANTKILLERS !

1

2

Some men hunt an animal about thirty times as big as an elephant ! It’ s the whale.

In earlier times , they used to go after these giants in a boat hardly bigger than a canoe.

Men would row the little boat right up to the whale. The man in front would throw his

harpoon. Sometimes the whale would become angry and smash the boat to pieces. Sometimes

it would tow the little boat miles away from the mother ship. Many men died hunting whales.

3

Now all this is changed. Men hunt the whale with “catcher “ boats. They are bigger and faster

than the little whaleboats of other days. Some are over one hundred feed long and they run by

steam engines.

Let’ s make believe we are on one of the new whale – catchers for a day. We are on deck

before dawn. The lookout has sighted two whales. Now the catcher boat slows down and heads

for two big gray shapes. They are blowing great clouds of air and water.

Up in the front of the boat a man is watching the whales. This man will not throw a harpoon

He will shoot the whale with a gun. A whale gun send a harpoon much farther than a man can

throw it.

the men have to work fast now. They pull it over to the side of the catcher. Then they pump

air inside the whale. If they did not do this , the giants would sink under the water and they

would lose it. For the first time the men see just how big truck. It is over fifty feet long. They

have made a good catch ! But once in a while they get a whale nearly twice as long. These are

the great blue whales – the biggest giants of all.

today , not many men die hunting whales. But it is still a hard way to make a living.

4

5

6

7

28

HOW WELL DID YOU READ ?

LEARN ABOUT WORDS

1.Whales are

A) as big as elephants

B) bigger than elephants

C) smaller than elephants

2. In earlier times , men hunted whales with

A) whale guns

B) arrows

C) harpoons

A. Often you can tell the meaning of a

word from other words round it.

DIRECTIONS: Find words in the story that

mean :

6. large (1)

7. large spear (2)

8. more than (3)

9. not easy

(8)

3. Today men hunt whales in

A) catcher boats

B) canoes

C) kayaks

4. The men pump air inside the dead whale

A) to make it bigger

B) to make it sink

C) to make it float

5. Hunting whales is

A) an easy way to make a living

B) a hard way to make a living

C) done just for fun

B. When you know the meaning of a word

and know its first letter , you can often

tell what the word is.

DIRECTIONS :Read the meaning ; then

look at the letter in each line of the

puzzle. When you think you know what

the word is , turn to the right paragraph

in the story and find it.Then write the

word.

10. looking at

11. a large number

12. cross

13. small

14. very large animal

15. break up

10. W

(5)

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

H

A

L

E

S

(3)

(2)

(2)

(1)

(2)

29

16

WATER , WATER EVERYWHERE

Where does all the water come from ? There is water above our heads , in the clouds.Most

of the earth is covered by the sea. Even the land is wet for six miles down.

2Most of your body is made of water. The paper you are reading from has some water in it.

One tenth of a wooden chair is water. Even well – aired clothes have some water in them.

3 There was no no water when the earth was being formed. But there were many kinds of gases.

Two of these gases were oxygen and hydrogen.

4 The great heat united these two gases. Together they formed vapor – water in the form of

gas.Then the earth began to cool. The vapor changed to a liquid. The water of world had been

made. It has been with us ever since.

5 The water from your tap has been on earth since the world began. Each drop has a history of

millions of years.

6Think of one drop of water. It may have been fifty miles up in the sky. Perhaps it has spent

a million years six miles down in the ground. How many seas has it been in ?a cave – man

have drunk it.may be next year it will lie on the ground as snow.In a hundred years from now.

It may turn up in a carrot.

7Water travels a great deal. It moves in rivers to the sea. From the sea it may rise as vapor.

Up in the sky it goes. There it may change into tiny droplets. The droplets gather in a cloud.

As the droplets cool , they form larger drops. The drops fall as rain. Some drops fall into sea

or into rivers. Others fall on the land and soak into the ground.

8Living things suck up water from the ground. It becomes part of them.The water of the world

is always on the move. It has to be busy , to keep us alive.

9 The vapor in the air shields us from in the air shields us from the sun. It stops the worst head

of the sun from reaching us. Without it , our blood would boil.

10 Without water , all living things on earth would die. Without it , we would never have been

born.

1

30

HOW WELL DID YOU READ?

1.When the earth was first being formed

A) the land was well for six miles down

B) there was no water at all

C) most of the earth was covered by the sea

LEARN ABOUT WORDS

A. Often you can tell the meaning of a

word from other words round it.

DIRECTIONS: Find words in the story that

mean :

6. joined together (4)

7. man of long ago (6)

8. moves about (7)

9. drain ; sink below the surface (7)

10. protects (9)

B. When you know the meaning of a word

and know its first letter , you can often

tell what the word is.

DIRECTIONS :Read the meaning ; then

look at the letter in each line of the

puzzle. When you think you know what

the word is , turn to the right paragraph

in the story and find it.Then write the

word.

2. Water was made in the first place by

A) falling from the clouds as rain

B) living thing sucking it up from the ground

C) heat joining certain gases

3. Each drop of water in the world

A) has existed since the world began

B) will lie on the earth as snow next year

C) is apart of a living creature

4. Water vapor

A) keeps a wooden chair together

B) makes our blood boil

C) keeps the air from being over beat

by the sun

5. Water vapor that rises into the sky may

A) turn into a carrot

B) change into tiny drops of water

C) reach and cool the sun

31

11. life story

12. periods of 365 days

13. tiny spots of water

14. large streams of water

15. one kind of gas

16. soil ;land

11.

H

(5)

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

17.

18.

Y

D

R

O

G

E

N

(6)

(7)

(7)

(3)

(6)

(1)

(10)

17. world

18. at no time

32

17

DAMBULDER IN A FUR COAT

By Ronald M.. Rood

1

2

3

4

5

6

7 A plane roars over the woods. At last it is over just the right spot. Now someone opens the
p<>{color:#000;}. cabin door. Out come great , white parachutes.Tied to each of the parachutes is a cage. In

each cage is a beaver. Now the cages are floating to the ground. Soon they will open by

themselves , in no time at all the beavers will be making a dam.

The animals are taken by plane because it saves time. It might take days to walk to the

same spot.

When beavers are set free in the woods , they soon find a stream. Then they will get right

to work and start making a dam. The pond made by this dam will help stop forest fires.And

the land around the pond will be kept very green. It is hard for a forest fire to start in wet ,

green woods.

No other wild animal works as hard as the beaver. Beaver can build a dam hundreds of

feet long and more than ten feed high. A beaver’ s home may be as big as fourteen feet

across and six feed high. Yet all he has to work with is a set of sharp teeth and two little

hands.

With his teeth , the beaver keeps biting little pieces from the bottom of a tree trunk.Soon

the tree falls. Then the little worker cuts it into small pieces and pushes and pulls the pieces

to the place where he wants them.

Why does the beaver work so hard to build a dam and make a pond ? The reason is that

he wants a house with water all around it. When he lives in an island home , it is hard for

land animals to get to him. When the cold winter winds blow , he stays warm in his home

made of mud and sticks. For food , he eats twigs and bark from the trees.

The hard – working beaver asks for very little. About all he wants is a place to build a

dam and live a quiet life.

33

HOW WELL DID YOU READ?

1. After the cages have floated to

the ground

A) they open up by themselves

B) someone must open them

C) they stay closed

2. Beavers build dams because

A) they get a ride in an aircraft

B) they have teeth and hands

C) they want a home with water

around it

3. Beavers eat

A) fish

B) mice

C) twigs and bark

4. The beaver cuts down trees with his

A) “hands”

B) teeth

C) tail

5. Beavers

A) are a help to men

B) hurt men

C) do nothing for men

LEARN ABOUT WORDS

A. Often you can tell the meaning of a

word from other words round it.

DIRECTIONS: Find words in the story that

mean :

6. small lake (3)

7. small (5)

8. wet dirt (6)

9. outside cover of (2)

10. The soft round part on the bottom of

some animals ‘ feet (2)

B. When you know the meaning of a word

and know its first letter , you can often

tell what the word is.

DIRECTIONS :Read the meaning ; then

look at the letter in each line of the

puzzle. When you think you know what

the word is , turn to the right paragraph

in the story and find it.Then write the

word.

5. woods

6. land with water all around it

7. makes a loud noise

8. takes food

9. in a little white

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

F

I

R

E

S

(3)

(6)

(1)

(6)

(5)

34

18

THE BOY WHO TOOK A SHORTCUT

By Peter Churchill

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

11

12

13

14

15

The boys shouted and laughed as they ran about in the playground. It was near the end of

term in a school in Germany about two hundred years ago. Soon school would be over for

a weeks. No wonder they felt happy !

Their teacher watched them from the classroom window.He did not feel happy at all. End

of term for him meant a lot of work. He thought hard. What could he find for the boys to do

that would keep them quiet for a long time ? Then he could deal with his own work.

All of a sudden he had an idea. When the bell rang for the end of playtime he was smiling.

One by one the boys came back to the classroom and sat at their desks.

“listen , boys.” said the teacher. “I want you to take your pencils and write down all the

numbers from 1 to 100. When you have done that. Add them all up. And no talking. Mind ! “

The teacher smiled as the boys began their work. “ That should keep them busy for a bit. “

He said to himself. But he was wrong.

Five minutes , later the slowest boy was still writing the date. Most of the other boys had

just begun to add the numbers. One boy , however , put his pencil down.

“ What’ s the matter , Karl ? “ asked his teacher. “ Can’ t you do it ? “

“ Yes , sir. “ replied the boy. “But I have finished.The answer is 5.050 “. Numbers in such

a short time ?

“ Perhaps you had better tell us how you got your answer. “ the teacher told him.

“ It was easy .” said the boy. “ First of all I added up 1 and 99. And that made 100. Then

1 added 2 and 98. And they came to 100 , too. Then I kept on adding 3 and 97. 4 and 96.

And so on until I got to 49 and 51. Each time the answer was 100. And so I had 49 hundreds

in all. That made 4.900 then ı added on the two numbers I left out. 50 and 100 , and I got the

answer 5.050 “

The teacher groaned. It seemed as if the boy was quite right. Now he would have to find

something else for them all to do !

Today we have forgotten the name of the teacher , but not the little boy who was so quick

at his sums. His name was Karl Gauss.

Karl Gauss became a famous scientist. One of his great interests was astronomy , the study

of the stars. Before he died in 1855 , he had written 155 books.

35

HOW WELL DID YOU READ?

1. Karl was very ?

A) dapper in school

B) slow at his sums

C) quick at his sums

2. In 1855 Karl Gauss

A) was ten years old

B) was born

C) died

3. The teacher told the boys to

A) talk to each other

B) write and add the number from 1

to 100

C) put their pencils down

4. Karl’ s short – cut was a quick way of

A) pleasing the teacher

B) adding the numbers

C) getting home early

5. Karl added the numbers quickly by

A) they would soon be on holiday

B) the bell rang for playtime

C) adding the numbers in pairs

6. The boys were happy because

A) they would soon be on holiday

B) the bell rang for playtime

C) they liked doing sums

LEARN ABOUT WORDS

A. Often you can tell the meaning of a

word from other words round it.

DIRECTIONS: Find a words in the story

that mean :

7. made a happy sound (1)

8. pay attention (5)

9. come to the end of the work (9)

10. made an unhappy sound (13)

B. When you know the meaning of a word

and know its first letter , you can often

tell what the word is.

DIRECTIONS :Read the meaning ; then

look at the letter in each line of the

puzzle. When you think you know what

the word is , turn to the right paragraph

in the story and find it.Then write the

word.

5. not one person

6. up to the time

7. remember

8. started

9. not hard ; simple

10. answered

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

N

U

M

B

E

R

(10)

(12)

(5)

(6)

(12)

(9)

36

19

FLYING SAUCERS ?

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12 Have you seen a flying saucer ? Many people think they have.
p<>{color:#000;}. Not long ago , a big airplane was flying west.In it were 35 passenger and two pilots.

The trip had been very quiet. It was late in the evening. And there was n’ t a cloud in the

sky.

All at once , the pilots saw something surprising. Three bright , white lights seemed to

be racing with the airplane. They were not very close. But they were near enough for the

pilots to see them well. They looked like big saucers.

The saucers flew as fast as the airplane. Every now and then , one light would move

near the plane. Then it would move away again.

This went on for almost an hour. Many of the passenger saw the lights. No one could

tell what they were.

As the big plane started to land , the white light flew up and away. The people did

not see them again.

There are men in the world who know a lot about planes. They also have learned

many things about the air around our world.

Each year these scientists get calls and letters from many people. These people say

they have seen flying saucers. They want the scientists to do something about these

strange flying things.

This may seem funny to you. But the scientists do not laugh. They try to find out

all they can about the flying saucers. They ask questions. Sometimes they can tell the

people just what they have seen.

Some of the “flying saucers “ have been new kinds of planes that the people had

not seen before. Some of them have turned out to be shining clouds. And some have

been planets or stars that seemed to be moving.

But each year people see a few strange things that the scientists can’ t name. The

scientists just don’ t know what these things are.

Many surprising things have happened on earth in the last few years. Would it be

so strange , after all , if these flying saucers carried visitors from another world ?

37

HOW WELL DID YOU READ?

LEARN ABOUT WORDS

1. Some people think they have seen

A) men from Mars

B) flying saucers

C) moving stars

2. The pilots of the big plane saw

A) three bright lights

B) some white clouds

C) thirty – five passenger

3. When the plane began to land

A) the saucers flew a way

B) the people were afraid

C) the sky grew very dark

4. Scientists ask questions about the saucers

A) ride in a saucer

B) scare the people

C) learn all they can

5. Scientists say that what people believe are

flying saucers

A) come from other worlds

B) can all be explained

C) sometimes cannot be explained

A. Often you can tell the meaning of a

word from other words round it.

DIRECTIONS: Find a words in the story

that mean :

6. people riding in a plane (2)

7. began (6)

8. bright (10)

B. When you know the meaning of a word

and know its first letter , you can often

tell what the word is.

DIRECTIONS :Read the meaning ; then

look at the letter in each line of the

puzzle. When you think you know what

the word is , turn to the right paragraph

in the story and find it.Then write the

word.

6. queer

7. everything

8. high

9. held ; brought

10. time between day and night

11. rushing along

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

S

A

U

C

E

R

(8)

(9)

(6)

(12)

(2)

(3)

38

20

SPACE MONKEY

By Captain Norman Barr

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

A monkey first showed doctors how men can travel in space.

Would a rocket trip into space be too hard for a man ? Some doctors wanted to find out.

So they picked five squirrel monkeys to help them.

A squirrel monkey is very small. But he is made very much like a man. The doctors

would send a monkey into space. Then they could find out how a man in space might fell.

First , the monkeys had to learn to sit very still. Each day they were put into a small seat

was just like the seat in a rocket.

The doctors watched the monkey to see what they would do. They listened to the noises

the monkeys made. They listened to the sound made by their hearts.

Four of the monkeys were afraid of the rocker seats. They could not sit still.

But the fifth monkey was not afraid. He chattered to himself and seemed to be happy.

Sometimes he even went to sleep in the seat. So the doctors chose him to be the first space

monkey.

At last the big day came. The rocket was ready to go. The little monkey was dressed in

his space suit. Some parts of this suit worked like a radio. All of the noises made by the

monkey would be sent to men on the ground.

The monkey was put into his seat in the nose cone of the rocket. What did he do then?

He went right to sleep !

Out on the field the men began to count. “5…4….3…2….1….Fire !”

As the rocket roared into the air , the monkey woke up. But he was not afraid. He was

just as happy as he had been on the ground.

The doctors listened to the sound of monkey’ s hearth. For a while his hearth beat faster.

But soon it began to beat just as it had before. The monkey was all right. Now the doctors

knew that a trip into space would not be too hard for a man.

The little space monkey had done his work well.

39

HOW WELL DID YOU READ?

LEARN ABOUT WORDS

1.The doctors wanted to know

A) how fast a rocket could go

B) if a rocket trip would be too hard for

a man

C) how far it is to the moon

2. A squirrel monkey is made very much

like a

A) mouse

B) mule

C) man

3. The fifth monkey seemed

A) to be happy in the rocket seat

B) to some more food

C) to be afraid of the seat

4. Some parts of the monkey’ s space suit

A) rocket

B) wing

C) radio

5. The doctors knew that a trip into into

would not be too hard for a man because

A) the rocket went to the moon

B) the monkey was not hurt

C) the men were not hurt

A. Often you can tell the meaning of a

word from other words round it.

DIRECTIONS: Find a words in the story

that mean :

6. men who take care of sick people (2)

7. without moving (4)

8. sounds (8)

9. started (10)

B. When you know the meaning of a word

and know its first letter , you can often

tell what the word is.

DIRECTIONS :Read the meaning ; then

look at the letter in each line of the

puzzle. When you think you know what

the word is , turn to the right paragraph

in the story and find it.Then write the

word.

10. little

11. pieces

12. something we breathe

13. picked

14. every

10.

S

(3)

11.

12.

13.

14.

P

A

C

E

(8)

(11)

(7)

(4)

40

21

TUNA HUNT

By Lewis Allison

Did you ever hear of hunting for fish with a helicopter ? That is how some fishermen find

tuna. A man in a helicopter can see far over the water. He looks for large schools of tuna.

When he spots one , he tells the fishermen on the ship. Then they go after the tuna.

2The fishermen stand on little platforms on the outside of the ship. These platforms are

close to the water.

3Each man has a very strong pole. On the end of the pole is a short piece of line. A hook

is put on the line.

4This hook is not the kind you would use with worms. It has feathers on it to fool the fish.

5When the men are ready , little fish are dropped into the water. The hungry tuna swim

close to the ship. They jump and splash in their hurry to get to the little fish.

6The men must work fast. They want to catch as many tuna as they can while the fish are

near the ship. The fishermen drop their lines into the water. The tuna think the feathers are

little fish. So they bite on the hooks.

7Quickly the men pull the tuna out of the water. They throw the big fish on the deck of the

ship. The tuna drop right off the hooks because the hooks do not have barbs.

8A tuna fisherman doesn’t have to wait for a bite ! He catches one fish after another.

Soon the deck is covered with jumping tuna.

9This is hard work ! A fisherman must lift the tuna high out of the water. If he doesn’t lift

it high enough , the tuna may fall on the platform with the men. A big , jumping fish can

break a man’ s leg. It can even push him into the water.

10Sometimes a fisherman doesn’t lift his pole as fast as he should. Then the fish may head

for deep water with the hook. It may break the line. And , if one fish gets away , the whole

school may follow it deep into the sea.

1

41

HOW WELL DID YOU READ?

LEARN ABOUT WORDS

1.A tuna is

A) a fisherman

B) a large fish

C) a fishing boat

2. Some fishermen hunt for tuna with

A) helicopters

B) jet planes

C) canoes

3. Tuna bite on the hooks because they

A) very pretty

B) fat worms

C) little fish

4. The tuna drop right off the hooks because

A) the hooks have no barbs

B) the men work too fast

C) the fish are not hungry

A. Often you can tell the meaning of a

word from other words round it.

DIRECTIONS: Find a words in the story

that mean :

6. find (1)

7. the floor of a ship (8)

8. a large body of water (10)

B. When you know the meaning of a word

and know its first letter , you can often

tell what the word is.

DIRECTIONS :Read the meaning ; then

look at the letter in each line of the

puzzle. When you think you know what

the word is , turn to the right paragraph

in the story and find it.Then write the

word.

9. large boat

10. near

11. looking for

12. not inside

13. across

14. small

S

5. The men must work fast because the fish

might

A) bite the hooks

B) eat each other

C) swim away

9.

(7) p<>{color:#000;}. 10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

C

H

O

O

L

(5)

(1)

(2)

(1)

(6)

42

22

HOW FLIES WALK

By Marion B. Cothren

The sun is rising as your rocket ship lands on the moon. It shines from a black sky. And you

can see millions of stars.

2The sky is black , because there is no air for the light from the sun to go through. On the earth

light from the sun catches dust in the air. This makes the earth’ s sky look blue.

3As you jump out of the rocket , sometimes strange happens. You find yourself going up , into

space !

4A jump of six feet sends you up thirty – six feet on the moon. Why ? The moon is four times

smaller than the earth , so its pull on things is less. A boy who weighs 120 pounds on the earth

weighs only 20 pounds on the moon.

5You turn around to tell Jack about the strange things that are happening to you. But you can’t

see him. Is he lost ? You look all around – but no Jack ! You are all alone on the moon. And you

don’ t know how to fly the spaceship.

6Again you look toward the ship. There he is. He was hidden in the black moon shadow of the

rocket and could not be seen.

7You shout to Jack but he can’ t hear you. There is no air to carry sound.

8By waving your arms , you make Jack understand that you want to see more. You climb back

into the ship and take off.

9Below , you see what looks like a river. But there are no rivers on the moon. This is a huge

crack thousand of feet deep and about a hundred miles long.

10 You fly over many mountains. Some of them are almost as high as the highest mountains on

the earth.

11 When the ship flies over dark gray plains , you see thousands of big holes called craters. Jack

heads for the biggest one. He parks the ship , and you walk along the top of the crater. This one

is fifty miles wide and five miles deep.

12The sun is setting. It is time to leave. You have spent a full day on the moon. But a day on the

moon is not a twenty – four hour day. It is a two – week day. The moon night is beginning. Like

the moon day , it , too , will last two weeks.

13The rocket rises over the crater and starts toward the earth. It races through space. Before long

it roars to a stop in a green field. Your trip to the moon is over.

1

43

HOW WELL DID YOU READ?

LEARN ABOUT WORDS

1. On the moon , you would weigh

A) much less than on the earth

B) much more than on the earth

C) the same as on the earth

2. If you wanted to talk to others on the

A) it is easy to talk

B) you cannot be heard

C) you must shout to be heard

A. Often you can tell the meaning of a

word from other words round it.

DIRECTIONS: Find a words in the story

that mean :

6. has an amount of weight (4)

7. a machine by which it is possible to

travel between planets(5)

8. shade or darkness made by a thing (6)

9. flat stretches of land

(11)

3. When you fly over the moon, you can see

A) rivers

B) towns

C) mountains

4. One day on the moon is

A) the same as two weeks on the earth

B) the same as a day on the earth

C) shorter than a day on the earth

5. The sky is black because

A) the sun does not shine

B) there is no air

C) you cannot see

B. When you know the meaning of a word

and know its first letter , you can often

tell what the word is.

DIRECTIONS :Read the meaning ; then

look at the letter in each line of the

puzzle. When you think you know what

the word is , turn to the right paragraph

in the story and find it.Then write the

word.

10. our planet

11. all by yourself

12. large streams of water

13. in the direction of

14. takes place

10.

E

(2)

11.

12.

13.

14.

A

R

T

H

(5)

(9)

(13)

(3)

44

23

SLAVES ANDSTEAM ENGINER

By D. R. Barker

The steam – engine was invented more than two thousand years ago. The first steam – engine

was made in Athens , in ancient Greece.

2It was a very simple engine. Water was heated in a cauldron. The steam passed along a tube

into a hollow metal ball. Then the steam escaped through bent pipes leading from the ball. The

force of the escaping steam made the ball go round. That was all the steam did. It made the ball

go round.

3To the Greeks the engine was just a toy. They did not make steam do useful work. More than

two thousand years later. There were no steam – engines of any kind. There were no steam trains

until early in the nineteenth century.

4Why did the ancient Greeks not make steam – engines work for them ? It was because the

the Greeks had slaves. The slaves did all the hard work.

5In Greece slaves were cheap. On a small farm. There might be only two slaves. But the rich

man would have many slaves. Some worked in house , others on the land.

6Most of the house slaves were women. They did all the back – breaking work. They ground

the corn with hard stones. The cleaning of the house was their job. They looked after the rich

man’ s children.

7A few of these slaves had been born in the house where they worked. But most of them had

***

Visit: http://www.Shakespir.com/books/view/746820 to purchase this book to continue reading. Show the author you appreciate their work!


English Reading Book

Dear Readers , Actually this book composed in another country. This admired book was collected again by me for our country readers. To make effective this book we add improved education technologies in it. Anyone who has basic English level ,wound’ t get bored while study this book and you can improve your reading English and new words.

  • Author: Ercan Celik
  • Published: 2017-09-07 20:20:29
  • Words: 43964
English Reading Book English Reading Book