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APA Style: Hanging Indentation

APA Style: Hanging Indentation

By Patrick Huwyler

A Student Handbook

This student handbook forms part of the Sketchnote EAP series.

Copyright © 2017 Patrick Huwyler

All rights reserved.

This e-book is copyright material and must not be copied, reproduced, transferred, distributed, leased, licensed or publicly performed or used in any way except as specifically permitted in writing by the publishers, as allowed under the terms and conditions under which it was purchased or as strictly permitted by applicable law. Any unauthorized distribution or use of this text may be a direct infringement of the author’s and publisher’s rights and those responsible may be liable in law accordingly.

Illustration by Patrick Huwyler

Acknowledgements

 

Very special thanks to Katrine Johanson and Maya Ramati for proofreading and suggesting improvements.

 

 

Contents

 

Introduction

 

 

1 What is a hanging indent?

 

 

2 What is the purpose of hanging indentation?

 

 

3 How to create a hanging indent

 

 

4 References

 

 

 

Introduction

This e-book is the first of a series for students studying Academic English at undergraduate level. The aim is to provide you with short e-books on APA style formatting. My thinking is that an e-book on individual APA style topics will allow you to learn and assimilate the information in ‘bite-size chunks’. I believe consistent formatting not only makes your work look presentable but also gives you confidence in your academic studies.

I wish you much success in your studies!

What is a hanging indent?

When writing end-of-text citations in the reference list, a hanging indent or hanging indentation is the space before the second line (if the citation exceeds one line). According to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2010, p.37), “APA publishes references in a hanging indent format, meaning that the first line of each reference is set flush left and subsequent lines are indented”.

Here is an example of an end-of-text citation with a hanging indent:

Daum, K. (2013, July). 5 tips for giving really amazing presentations. Retrieved from http://www.inc.com

Notice that the first line is not indented, but flushed left, only the subsequent lines are. So, this is what we call a ‘hanging indent’ or ‘hanging paragraph’ (when writing text).

What is the purpose of hanging indentation?

Look at the reference list below. How many end-of-text citations are there?

Is the count nine? If yes, then it’s correct – there are nine end-of-text citations in this reference list. One simply has to count the lines that are not indented. And this is the reason why we use hanging indents – they make for readability.

Please read [+ here+] to know why APA style uses hanging indents.

How to create a hanging indent

There are a number of ways to insert hanging indents:

#
p<>{color:#000;}. Use the paragraph dialogue box:

Windows

#
p<>{color:#000;}. Highlight / select the text where you want to insert a hanging indent.

#
p<>{color:#000;}. Go to the Paragraph dialogue box on the “Home” tab.

#
p<>{color:#000;}. Under indentation, select hanging from the special drop-down menu.

 

Mac

#
p<>{color:#000;}. Highlight / select the text where you want to insert a hanging indent.

#
p<>{color:#000;}. Click “Format” on the main menu and select “Paragraph” to open the Paragraph dialogue box.

#
p<>{color:#000;}. Under indentation, select hanging from the special drop-down menu.

 

 

#
p<>{color:#000;}. Use the keyboard functions:

 

#
p<>{color:#000;}. Select / highlight the text

#
p<>{color:#000;}. Press CTRL-T (Windows) or CMD –T (Mac).

 

#
p<>{color:#000;}. Manually insert hanging indents using the ‘hanging indent tab bar’ with the ruler.

 

 

 

NB The standard hanging indent is 0.5 inches (1.27cm), and the lines of text should be double-spaced (2.0). When working on Microsoft PowerPoint, you will need to manually create a hanging indent using the ‘hanging indent tab bar’.

 

 

References

 

American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed). Washington, DC: Author.

Hume-Pratuch, J. (2014, April 24). Why does APA style use hanging indents? [Blog Message]. Retrieved from the American Psychological Association blog: http://blog.apastyle.org

Reference list: basic rules. (2013). Retrieved from Owl Purdue Online Writing Lab website: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/05/

 

 


APA Style: Hanging Indentation

This e-book is the first of a series for students studying Academic English at undergraduate level. The aim is to provide you with short e-books on APA style formatting. My thinking is that an e-book on individual APA style topics will allow you to learn and assimilate the information in ‘bite-size chunks’. I believe consistent formatting not only makes your work look presentable but also gives you confidence in your academic studies.

  • ISBN: 9781370797165
  • Author: Patrick Huwyler
  • Published: 2017-03-03 09:50:10
  • Words: 645
APA Style: Hanging Indentation APA Style: Hanging Indentation