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Ali in the Book of Allah

786

ALI IN THE BOOK OF ALLAH

Compiled by:

Mir Ahmed Ali Khan (Ali Irfan)

Email: [email protected]

DEDICATION

O Messenger of Allah! May Allah’s blessings be on you and your holy progeny.

Per Yanabi’ al-Mawaddah, Kanz ul-Ummal, and several such books, you have said: “Remembrance of Ali is worship of God.”

So I, your lowliest of servants, dedicate this humble effort at remembrance of Ali to you, o king of the two worlds, o seal of the messengers of Allah, o mercy for the worlds.

Please accept this offering.

INTRODUCTION

With the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.

May Allah shower His Blessing on His Messenger Muhammad and his holy progeny.

In “Yanabi al-Mawaddah” Sheikh Sulaiman al-Qandozi al Hanafi narrates from Ibne Abbas that there are more than 300 verses in the Holy Qur’an in praise of Amir al-momineen (commander of the believers), Ali ibne Abi Talib, cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him and his progeny.

References to some of such verses are found scattered in various books but, surprisingly enough, I was unsuccessful in finding a detailed book in English that collects such verses with appropriate references. I then dared to take up this pleasant task in the name of Allah and the result is this book.

Both non-Shia and Shia references have been used in this book but non-Shia references far out-number Shia references. A segregated list of references is provided at the end of the book.

Most of the English translations of the verses are taken from the translation of S.V. Mir Ahmed Ali.

The following books have been very useful in my research and compilation of this work. I have provided online links wherever available.

1

*
p<>{color:#020621;}. Tafseer of S.V. Mir Ahmed Ali and Ayatullah Puya

*
p<>{color:#000;}. Tafseer of Maqbool Ahmed (https://www.scribd.com/collections/2354943/Quran-With-Urdu-Terjuma-And-Zamima)

*
p<>{color:#020621;}. Kalimatul Haqq, by Hamid bin Shabbir

*
p<>{color:#000;}. Ali fil Qur’an, by Syed Sadiq Shirazi (http://www.studyquran.org/Ahmed_Ali_Al_Quran.pdf)

*
p<>{color:#020621;}. Kalaamul Imam Imamul Kalaam, by Syed Shaiq Hussain

*
p<>{color:#000;}. Hadiqat ush-Shia by Muqaddas Ardabili (https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=njp.32101077107413)

*
p<>{color:#000;}. Al-Muraji’at by Sharaf al-Din al-Musawi (https://www.al-islam.org/al-murajaat-shii-sunni-dialogue-sharaf-al-din-al-musawi)

*
p<>{color:#020621;}. One Hundred Virtues of Ali ibne Abi Talib and His Sons, the Imams by Ibne Shadhan

Some of the abbreviations used in the book are as follows:

*
p<>{color:#020621;}. sawa: sallAllaho alaihi wa aalihi (May Allah bless him and his progeny)

*
p<>{color:#020621;}. as: alaihis-salam (Peace of Allah upon him)

*
p<>{color:#020621;}. sa: salamAllah alaiha (Peace of Allah upon her)

Some terms – like Nabuwat, Risalat, Imamat, Wilayat – have been left untranslated because a one-word translation of such concepts was not possible and this book was not the place to try and explain these concepts in detail. In addition, these terms are quite familiar to people with knowledge of Islam.

On rare occasions, other than the translations of Qur’anic verses and the translations of the traditions related to them, I have appended some needed notes. All such notes have been put between square brackets [thus].

2

By no means are the verses listed in this book the only verses of Qur’an about Ali. This book just reflects the current limits of my knowledge and search. Those who search will surely find several more such verses. I sincerely hope that this book inspires others to embark on such a search and produce a companion volume to this one.

In the end, for the encouragement received in various forms, I would like to thank the momineen, particularly Mir Fiaz Ali Khan, Razi Jafferi, Anis Hussain Momin, Mir Yousuf Ali, Abed Ali Mirza, Jaffar Syed, all the people who helped with encouragement, advice, duas and money. Names of some of the deceased relatives of these momineen are found at the end of the book. I request the reader to kindly recite Fatiha for the marhoomeen, including my father, Mir Dawood Ali Khan.

I request you, the reader, to pray that this humble effort is accepted by Allah.

3

AL-FAATIHA

Verse 1: Bismillah-ir-Rahaman-ir-Raheem.

Amir al-momineen (commander of the faithful) Ali ibne Abi Talib (as) said: Whatever is there in the Qur’an is in surat al-Faatiha and whatever is there is Faatiha is there in Bismillah and whatever is there in Bismillah is in the “Ba” of Bismillah and whatever is there in the “Ba” in the point beneath the “Ba” and I am the point beneath the “Ba”.

(Sulaiman Qandozi al-Hanafi: Yanabi-ul Mawaddah)

[There is a world of meaning in this statement of Imam Ali. The “point” can be looked at from such diverse directions as philosophy, science, literature, etc. This book is probably not the place to discuss this saying in detail except to say that this is one of the sayings that reveals itself more and more as the sum total of human knowledge increases.]

[Ali and Qur’an are related in several ways. Sulaiman Qandozi also quotes Imam Ali (as) as saying, “I am the Qur’an that speaks.”]

Verse 6: Keep us on the right path (siraat al mustaqeem).

Siraat al-mustaqeem is the love of Muhammad (sawa) and Aale Muhammad (as).

(Ghayat al-Maram)

5

AL-BAQARAH

Verse 14: When they meet the faithful they say, “We believe,” and when they are alone with their devils they say, “We are with you; we were only deriding.”

Ibne Abbas narrates that once Abdullah ibne Ubi was walking with his friends when he saw Ali ibne Abi Talib (as) and started praising him with hypocrisy in his heart. Ali said, “Fear God and do not be a hypocrite.” Abdullah said, “What are you saying, Abul-Hasan. Our faith is the same as yours.” Then when he returned to his friends, he said, “You saw how I derided him.” Then this verse was revealed.

(Ibne Marduwayh)

Verse 37: And Adam received words from his Lord, and He turned to him; verily He is oft-turning, the merciful.

Ibne Abbas narrates: I asked RasoolAllah (Muhammad, Messenger of Allah, sawa) about the words due to whose barakah (blessing) Allah accepted Adam’s tauba (repentance). RasoolAllah replied, “Adam asked by the right of Muhammad, Ali, Fatima and Hasan and Hussain so Allah accepted his tauba (repentence).”

(Yanabi’ al-Mawaddahi)

Verse 40: O children of Israil, remember my bounty which I bestowed upon you, and fulfill your covenant with me, I shall fulfill my covenant with you; and fear Me alone.

Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (as) said that the covenant of the servants with God refers to the wilayah of Amir al-momineen and God’s covenant with His servants refers to the bestowing of Paradise.

(Al-Kaafi)

6

Verse 156:Those who, when an affliction visits them, say, “Verily we belong to Allah and verily to Him we return.

Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (as) said that when Amir al-momineen, Ali ibne Abi Talib (as), heard about the martyrdom of his brother, Ja’far ibne Abi Talib, he said, “Inna lillahi wa inna ilaihi raje’oon,” and then this verse was revealed.

(Hadiqat ush-Shia)

Verse 207: And among men is he who sells his “self” to get in exchange the pleasure of Allah…

Non-Shia commentators like Hakim Nishapuri (in Mustadrak), Tha’labi and Ghazali and all Shia commentators state that this verse was revealed in praise of Ali ibne Abi Talib (as) when he slept in the bed of the Messenger of Allah on the night of hijrat (migration to Madinah).

Verse 274: Those who give their wealth in charity by night and day, secretly and openly, they shall have their reward from their Lord, and they will have no fear, nor will they grieve.

Ibne Abbas narrates that one time, Amir al-momineen, Ali ibne Abi Talib had four dirhams on him. With aim of obtaining the pleasure of Allah every way possible, he spent one dirham secretly and one dirham openly in the night, and one dirham secretly and one dirham openly during the day. Then this verse was revealed in praise of his actions.

(Tafseer al-Kashshaaf)

7

AALE IMRAN

Verse 18: Allah bears witness that there is no God but He, and so do the angels and those who are endowed with knowledge…

Imam Ali ibnal-Hussain (as) said that the first among “those who are endowed with knowledge” is RasoolAllah (sawa) and after him Ali (as) and after Ali those who are closest to him.

(Tafseer e Imam Hasan Askari)

Verse 61: And whoever disputes with thee concerning Him after the inspired knowledge given unto thee, tell him, “Come, let us call our sons and your sons; our women and your women; and ourselves and yourselves; then let us pray and invoke Allah’s curse upon those who lie.”

[Background: This verse is known as the verse of Mubahila. Once a group of Christian theologians came to Madina to debate with RasoolAllah (sawa) about Islam and Christianity. The debate dragged to a stand-still when the Christians simply refused to accept the logical proofs of truth that the Rasool presented to them. Then the above verse was revealed whereby Allah commanded Rasool to challenge the Christians to Mubahila, i.e. the two groups (Muslims and Christians) would gather together in an open field and would invoke the curse of God on liars. When the time came, Rasool came forwarded as described below in Sawa’eq al-Muharriqa.]

Going for Mubahila, Rasool carried Hussain in his arms, held the hand of Hasan. Fatima walked behind them and Ali walked behind Fatima.

(Sawa’eq al-Muharriqa)

8

[Upon seeing them, the leader of the Christian group said, “I am seeing faces that if they ask God to move the mountain, the mountain will come to them,” and they refused to carry on with Mubahila and accepted defeat.]

At the time of shura, after the death of Umar ibne Khattab, Ali addressed the group thus: “Is there anyone among you whom RasoolAllah preferred more than me, and declared anyone other than me as his self, or anyone other than my sons as his sons…?”

(Sawa’eq al-Muharriqa)

Verse 81: And when Allah took a pledge from the Prophets…

Ibne Abbas and Abdullah ibne Mas’ood narrate that when asked about the pledge, RasoolAllah (sawa) said, “The pledge taken from the Prophets was to believe in my nabuwwat and Ali’s wilayat, and to help us.”

(Tafseer an-Nishapuri)

Verse 103: Hold fast, all together, to Allah’s cord (hablAllah) and do not be divided…

According to Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (as), the Ahlul Bayt are hablAllah.

(Sawa’eq al-Muharriqa)

9

Verse 110: You are the best of nation (khaira ummatin) brought forth for mankind; you bid what is right and forbid what is wrong, and have faith in Allah…

RasoolAllah (sawa) said, “’Best nation’ refers to the Ahlul Bayt.

(Suyuti: Durr al-Manthur)

Verse 128: Not at all with you is anything of the authority whether He turns to them or punishes them; for verily they are transgressors.

When this verse was referred to Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (as) he said that by God, RasoolAllah had authority. The meaning of this verse is not what you think but the fact is that when RasoolAllah was commanded by Allah to announce the wilayah (authority and vice-gerency) of Amir al-momineen, the Messenger of Allah was worried about the enmity of some of the ummah (nation) towards Ali. Then Allah said that this matter is not within your authority (i.e. Rasool need not worry about the enmity of his ummah).

(Tafseer al-Ayashi)

10

AN-NISA

Verse 54: Or do they envy the people for what Allah has given them out of His grace? We have certainly given the progeny of Ibrahim the Book and wisdom, and We have given them great sovereignty.

According to Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (as) this verse refers to Ahlul Bayt.

(Sawa’eq al-Muharriqa)

Verse 59: O you who believe: obey Allah, obey the apostle and those vested with authority (ulil ‘amr) among you…

Jabir ibne Abdallah al-Ansari narrates that when this verse was revealed, I asked, “O messenger of Allah, I have recognized Allah and his messenger but who are the ulil ‘amr whose obedience has been made obligatory by Allah?” Rasool replied, “Ulil ‘amr are my twelve successors, from Ali ibne Abi Talib to Mahdi ibne Hasan al-Askari.”

(Rauzatul Ahbab)

11

Verse 69: And all who obey Allah and the Messenger are with those upon whom Allah has bestowed favours, of the Prophets and the truthful and the witnesses and the righteous; and excellent are these companions.

Ibne Abbas narrates that Amir al-momineen asked, “O RasoolAllah, will we be able to meet you in Paradise the way we do in this world?” Rasool said, “Every nabi has a companion (rafeeq) who is the person in his nation who had been the foremost in believing the nabi.” Then the above verse was revealed and Rasool called Ali and said, “Your question has been answered by Allah and He has made you my rafeeq because you were the foremost in believing in me, and you are Siddiq e Akber (the most truthful).”

(Tafsir of Ibnal Hajjaj)

Verse 115: Whoever opposes the Rasool after the guidance has been made manifest unto him and follows any path other than the path of the true believers, We will turn him towards that unto which he himself has turned, and We will expose him to Hell and a bad journey it will be.

In this verse, opposition to the Rasool (sawa) means opposition in respect of what the Rasool commanded regarding Ali, and the expression “after the guidance has been made manifest” means the guidance concering the successorship of Ali.

(Tafseer of Ibne Marduwayh)

12

Verse 137: Verily those who believed and then disbelieved, then believed, then disbelieved, thereafter increased in disbelief, it is not for Allah to pardon them; nor will He guide them to the way.

Imam as-Sadiq (as) said that this verse was revealed about three people who first expressed belief of the Messenger of Allah, then disbelieved when RasoolAllah announced the wilayah of Ali on the day of Ghadeer. Then when Rasool commanded them to do ba’yat (pledge allegiance) of Ali, they did the bayat (i.e. joined the believers). Then when Rasool passed away, they not only reneged on their pledge (disbelieved again), they also urged others to break their allegiance with Ali and pledge allegiance to themselves (i.e. their disbelief increased).

(Tafseer e Ayashi)

13

AL-MA-IDAH

Verse 3: …This day We perfected for you your religion and finalized Our blessings upon you, and We are pleased to bestow upon you Islam as religion.

This verse was revealed on 18th Zil-Hajj, 10th Hijri at Ghadeer Khum immediately after the messenger of Allah (sawa) had declared the Wilayat of Ali ibne Abi Talib (as) by saying, “Man kunto maulaho fa haza Aliun maula.”

(Durr al-Manthur and numerous other commentaries)

Verse 35: O you who believe: fear Allah and seek the means of approach (wasila) to Him, and strive hard in His way so that you have success.

Anas ibne Malik narrates that “wasila” is a curtain between Allah and His servants and that wasila is Ali (as).

(Waliallah Firangi Mahali)

Verse 54: O you who believe, whoever of you turns back on his religion, Allah will soon bring a people whom He loves and who love Him, humble towards the believers, mighty against the infidels, striving hard in Allah’s ways, and they do not fear the censure of any censurer. This is the grace of Allah. He gives it to whomsoever He pleases, and Allah is all-encompassing, all-knowing.

Abu Is-haq says that this verse was revealed about Ali (as).

(Shaibani: Kashful Bayan)

[The words in this verse are very similar to the words used by RasoolAllah (sawa) about Ali on the eve of the victory of Khyber at the hands of Ali.]

14

Verse 55: Verily your leader is only Allah, and His messenger and those who believe; who establish worship and pay the poor-rate while they are bowing down in prayer.

All Shia and non-shia commentators unanimously hold that this verse refers to Amir al-momineen Ali (as) when he gave his ring to a beggar while bowing down in the course of his prayer.

(Sahih an-Nasai;

Al-Jama’ Bayn al-Sihah al-Sittah;

Tha’labi; Sharh al-Tarid)

Verse 67: O you Messenger, convey what has been revealed unto you by your Lord, for if you do not do so, you will not have conveyed His message at all. And Allah will protect you from the people. Lo! Allah guides not the disbelieving folk.

A large number of books and narrators have related from Abu Sa’eed al-Khudhri and others that this verse was revealed at Ghadir Khum while RasoolAllah (sawa) and his companions were returning from Hajj. The verse commanded RasoolAllah to declare the wilayah and authority of Ali ibne Abi Talib (as). The messenger of Allah then gathered everyone (about 120,000 according to narrations) and issued a sermon. Then raised Ali in his hands and said, “Man kunto maulaho fa haza Aliun maula” (meaning for whomsoever I am the lord, this Ali is their lord).

(Wahidi: Asbab an-Nuzool;

Tha’labi: Tafseer al-Kabeer;

Hamwayni: Al-Fara’id;

Abu Na’im: Nuzool al-Qur’an)

15

Verse 68: …Surely that which has been sent down to you will increase many of them in transgression and ifidelity; therefore do not grieve for the disbelieving people.

Imam al-Baqir (as) stated that in this verse, “that which has been sent down” is the wilayah of Amir al-momineen.

(Tafseer e Ayashi)

Verse 71: And they thought that there would be no affliction, so they became blind and deaf; Allah turned towards them, and yet again many of them became blind and deaf, and Allah sees what they do.

Imam as-Sadiq (as) stated that when RasoolAllah (sawa) was among these people, they thought that they will not suffer affliction. Then when Rasool left this world they became blind and deaf (i.e. went astray). Then when Ali (as) got the apparent caliphate, they repented and Allah accepted their tauba. But then after the martyrdom of Ali, many of them reverted to eternal blindness and deafness.

(Al-Kafi)

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AL-AN’AM

Verse 83: Those who believe and do not intermix faith with injustice, they are the ones who are rightly guided.

Imam as-Sadiq (as) stated that “those who believe” are people who believe in the wilayah of Amir al-momineen and other Imams; “do not intermix faith with injustice” means that these people do not accept the wilayat or khilafat of the usurpers.

(Al-Kaafi)

17

AL-A’RAAF

Verse 46: …and on the heights (a’raaf) shall be men who know them all by their marks…

Ibne Abbas narrates that a’raaf is a high place over siraat. The men on this high place will be Ali ibne Abi Talib, Hamza ibne Abdul Muttalib and Ja’far ibne Abi Talib.

(Tafseer e Tha’labi)

Verse 172: And when your Lord brought forth from the loins of the Children of Adam their seed, and made them bear testimony about their souls: “Am I not your Lord?” They said: “Yes, we bear witness.”

When the Almighty decided to create the universe, He assembled all His creatures together before Him and asked them, “Who is your Lord?” The first to answer was RasoolAllah (sawa) and the next was Ali (as) and then all the Imams who were to be his descendants. They all said, “You are our Lord.” Then the Almighty made them the repositories of divine knowledge and said to the angels, “Behold, these are the repositories of My knowledge and these are the trusted ones among all My creatures and they shall be your guides in everything. Then the Almighty commanded the children of Adam to acknowledge Him as their Lord and to promise obedience to RasoolAllah and the Imams and they all said, “We promise.” Then the Almighty made the angels witnesses to this promise and the angels said, “We bear witness.” Then Allah said, “Let them not say on the day of judgement: ‘We were ignorant of this,’ or ‘It was our forefathers who disbelieved and we only came after them; will You then destroy us for what the wrong-doers used to do?”

(Daylami: Firdaus al-Akhbar)

18

Verse 181: And of those whom We created, there is a group of people who guide with truth and act justly.

Amir al-Momineen, Ali ibne Abi Talib (as) said that very soon this nation will be divided into 73 groups. Seventy two of those will be thrown in hell and one will go to paradise – the one mentioned in this ayat. Ali then went on to say that this ummat was him and his Shias.

(Ibne Mardawaih)

19

AL-ANFAAL

Verse 62: It is He who strengthened you with His help and with the believers.

Anas ibne Malik narrates that speaking about this verse, Rasool (sawa) said that the following was written on the Arsh: THERE IS NO GOD BUT ALLAH. HE IS ONE AND HAS NO PARTNER. MUHAMMAD IS MY SERVANT AND MESSENGER AND I HAVE STRENGTHENED HIM WITH ALI IBNE ABI TALIB.

(Hilyat ul-Awliyah of Hafiz Abu Nu’aim)

Verse 64: O Nabi, Allah and those of the believers who follow you are sufficient for you.

Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (as) said that this verse was revealed in honour of Ali ibne Abi Talib (i.e. the phrase, “those of the believers who follow you”, specifically refers to Ali).

(An-Nazeeri: Khasaes al-Alawiyyah)

20

AT-TAUBA (also known as AL-BARA’AT)

Verse 3: And called, from Allah and His Messenger, to the people on the day of the great Hajj…

Ahmed ibne Hanbal writes that the caller in the above verse refers to Ali ibne Abi Talib.

(Musnad al-Ahmed ibne Hanbal)

Verse 19: What! Do you make the giving of drinking water to the pilgrims and maintenance of the sacred mosque equal to one who believes in Allah and the last day, and strives hard in Allah’s way? They are not equal in Allah’s view; and verily Allah does not guide the unjust.

One day, Abbas ibne Abdul Muttalib and Talha ibne Shaybah were boasting about their special privileges and honours. Talha said, “I am the keeper of the holy Ka’ba and I have its keys in my charge.” Abbas said, “I am the trusty of the sacred well of Zamzam and the privilege of supplying water to the pilgrims belongs to me.” Ali (as) was passing by and hearing this he said, “I have more honour than you because I am the first believer and first to pray salat with RasoolAllah, and I am a warrior who fights for the cause of Allah.” RasoolAllah (sawa) came to know about this dialogue. Then this verse was revealed and RasoolAllah said, “Look, Allah has revealed that Ali is better than everyone.”

(Suyuti in Durr al-Manthoor)

21

Verse 105: Say, “Act so Allah beholds your deeds and His messengers and believers…”

According to Imam Ali ar-Raza (as), “believers” in this verse refers to Ali ibne Abi Talib and the infallible Imams of his progeny.

(Al-Kafi)

Verse 119: and be with the truthful ones.

According to Imam Muhammad e Baqir, the truthful ones in the above verse are Ali and aale Muhammad (the holy progeny of the messenger of Allah).

(Tareeq Ibne Asakir)

22

YUNUS

Verse 25: And Allah calls you to the abode of peace; and guides you to the right path.

Ibne Abbas reports that in this verse siraat al mustaqeem refers to wilayah of Ali ibne Abi Talib (as).

(Haakim al-Haskani: Shawahid ut-Tanzeel)

Verse 53: And they ask you, “Is that true?” Say, “Yes, by my Lord, verily, verily it is the truth; and you will not escape.

According to Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (as), the question people of Makkah asked was about the imamat of Ali ibne Abi Talib (as) and Allah commanded His messenger to reply to them that by my Lord, it is haqq (truth).

(Haakim al-Haskani: Shawahid ut-Tanzeel)

Verse 58: Say, “In the grace of Allah and in His mercy – in that let them rejoice; it is better than all that they amass.

Ibne Abbas reports that in the above verse, “Fazlillah” (grace of Allah) refers to RasoolAllah (sawa) and “rahmat” (His mercy) refers to Ali ibne Abi Talib.

(Haakim al-Haskani: Shawahid ut-Tanzeel)

23

HUD

Verse 3: …and He will bestow His blessings on those who are endowed with grace (dhi fazl)…

It is narrated from Imam al-Baqir (as) that “dhi fazl” in this verse refers to Ali ibne Abi Talib (as).

(Ibne Mardawaih)

Verse 17: Is he the one who stands upon a clear sign from his Sustainer and a witness from Him follows him…

Someone asked Ali (as) to explain the above verse. Ali said, “The Messenger of Allah is the one who stands upon a clear sign from his Sustainer, and I am his witness from Him.”

(Amaali of Sheikh Mufeed)

24

YUSUF

Verse 108: Say, “This is my way, I do invite unto Allah, with clear insight I and he who follows me (possess). Glory be to Allah; I am not of the polytheists.

Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (as) states that in the this verse, “he who follows me” refers to Ali ibne Abi Talib (as).

(Haakim al-Haskani: Shawahid ut-Tanzeel)

25

AR-RA’D

Verse 7: Verily you are a Warner (Munzir) and to every people there is a guide (Haad).

Ibne Abbas narrates that when this verse was revealed, RasoolAllah said, I am the warner and Ali is the guide. O Ali, through you those who are guided will receive true guidance.

(Tafseer of Tha’labi)

Verse 43: Say, Allah is sufficient as witness between me and you, and he who has knowledge of the book.

In the above verse, “he who has knowledge of the book” refers to Ali ibne Abi Talib.

(Tafseer of Tha’labi)

26

IBRAHIM

Verses 24, 25: Do you not see how Allah sets forth a parable? A goodly word is like a goodly tree whose root is firmly fixed, and its branches are in heaven. It yields its fruit in every season by the permission of its Lord. And Allah sets forth parables for mankind so that they may reflect.

According to Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (as) RasoolAllah (sawa) said, “I am the root of the goodly tree, Ali is it’s trunk, my divinely chosen Ahlul Bayt are its branches and the pious followers of my Ahlul Bayt are its leaves.”

(Tafseer of S.V. Mir Ahmed Ali and Ayatullah Puya)

27

AL-HIJR

Verse 41: This is the straight path [(_]siraat[) that leads to me._]

One day, Umar ibne Khattab stood up and said to the Rasool (sawa), “You have frequently addressed Ali saying, ‘You are to me as Haroon is to Moosa.’ Yet Allah has referred to Haroon by name in Qur’an but He has not mentioned Ali’s name.”

Rasool replied, “O rude nomad! You must have heard this verse: ‘This is the straight path that leads to me.’”

(Bihaar al-Anwaar, vol. 35)

[“Siraat” then, is one of Ali’s names in Qur’an.]

28

AN-NAHL

Verse 16: …and by the star they are guided

Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (as) was asked about the meaning of the star (An-Najm) that guides, and Imam replied that the star is Ali (as).

(Haakim al-Haskani: Shawahid ut-Tanzeel)

29

AL-ASRA (BANI ISRAEEL)

Verse 81: And say, “Truth has come and falsehood has vanished; verily falsehood is bound to vanish.”

Describing the events after the conquest of Makkah, Jabir ibne Abdullah narrates: We entered the holy Ka’ba with the messenger of Allah (sawa). Three hundred and sixty idols were housed there. RasoolAllah commanded me to remove them, so I started throwing them face down on the floor. There was one huge idol (Hubal). RasoolAllah addressed Ali ibne Abi Talib (sa) and said, “O Ali, will you climb on my back or shall I climb on your back so that we can remove Hubal from Ka’ba?” Ali said, “O messenger of Allah, please climb on my back.” RasoolAllah climbed on Ali’s back. Ali felt he could not carry the weight of Allah’s messengership (risalat) so he said, “O messenger of Allah, let me climb on your back.” RasoolAllah smiled and took Ali on his back. Ali said, “By the Lord who has opened the grain and created the Rooh, if I want to touch the sky, I can.” Thus he threw down the idol of Hubal. Then Allah revealed the above verse.

(Bahrani: Ghayat al-Maram)

30

AL-KAHF

Verse 105: They are those who disbelieve in the signs of their Lord and in the meeting with Him. Therefore vain will be their deeds, nor shall We, on the day of judgement, assign any weight to them.

Imam Ali ar-Raza (as) states that in this verse, the term “signs of Allah” refers to the wilayah of Amir al-momineen, Ali (as).

(Sheikh Sadooq: Ayoon Akhbar ar-Raza)

31

MARYAM

Verse 85: The day We shall usher the righteous before Ar-Rahman like envoys into the presence of a king.

Amir al-momineen Ali ibne Abi Talib (as) asked the messenger of Allah about the tafseer (exegesis) of this verse and RasoolAllah (sawa) said, “O Ali, these are the people who were God-fearing, so Allah loves them and He has accepted their deeds so He calls them righteous. O Ali, by the One who opened the grain and created life (meaning Allah), when these people will rise from their graves, angels will be waiting to welcome them, with camels of Paradise.” Rasool then described the rich decorations of these camels and said, “These camels, with their riders, will pass through the field of Hashr such that each rider will be flanked by a thousand angels in front, at the back, to the right and to the left until the camels will deliver their riders to the gate of Paradise.” Ali then asked, “O messenger of Allah, who are these people?” Rasool replied, “These are your Shia and you are their Imam.”

(Tafseer al-Qummi)

Verse 96: Verily those who believe and do good deeds, Ar-Rahman will appoint for them love.

Ibne Abbas narrates that RasoolAllah (sawa) asked Ali (as) to supplicate to Allah and ask for a covenant and to put Ali’s love in the hearts of momineen. Then Allah revealed this verse.

(Sawa’eq al-Muharriqah)

32

TAHA

Verse 82: And lo! Verily I am the Most Forgiving towards him who repents and believes and does good and then follows the guidance.

With respect to this verse, Amir al-momineen Ali (as) said, “If anyone repents and embraces the faith and does good but does not follow our guidance and does not recognise our position, it will be of no avail.”

(Ibne Hajar: Sawa’iq al-Muharriqah)

Verse 124: But whoever turns away from My admonition, his livelihood shall be restricted; and on the day of judgement We shall raise him blind.

Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq states that “whoever turns away from My admonition” refers to one who has turned away from the wilayah of Amir al-momineen. Someone then asked the Imam that we see that the livelihood of those who reject the wilayah of Amir al-momineen is abundant. Imam explained that the verse does not refer to the present time but refers to the time of raj’at when the enemies of Ahlul-bayt will not have anything to eat.

(Tafseer al-Qummi)

33

AL-ANBIA

Verse 7: …so ask the people of the reminder (ahl az-zikr) if you do not know. *

Jabir Ibne Abdallah al-Ansari narrates that when this verse was revealed, Amir al-momineen said, “We are the people of the reminder.”

(Tha’labi: Tafseer al-Kabeer)

[This phrase also appears in verse 43 of An-Nahl].

34

AL-HAJJ

Verse 23: Verily Allah will admit those who believe and do good deeds to gardens beneath which rivers flow…

According to Abuzar al-Ghafari, this verse is about the battle of Badr and “those who believe and do good deeds” refers to Hamza ibne Abul Muttalib, Ali ibne Abi Talib and Obaidah ibne Harith who, in the battle of Badr, had come out to fight Utba ibne Rabi’a, Shaiba ibne Rabi’a and Walid ibne Utba.

(Saheeh Bukhari)

35

AL-MOMINOON

Verse 111: Verily I have recompensed them this day for they were patient; verily they are the achievers.

Abdullah ibne Mas’ood reports that this verse was revealed about Ali, Fatimah, Hasan and Hussain (alaihim us-salam).

(Haakim Haskani: Shawahid ut-Tanzeel)

36

AN-NOOR

Verse 35: Allah is the light of the heavens and the earth. The similitude of His light is as a niche wherein is a lamp. The lamp is in a glass. The glass is as it were a shinging star, lit from a blessed tree, the olive, neither of the east nor of the west, whose oil glows forth though the fire did not touch it, light upon light; Allah guides unto His light whomsoever He wills; and Allah sets forth parables for people; Allah is aware of all things.

Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (as) narrates that in this verse the lamp refers to Lady Fatima, the tree refers to Ibrahim. “Light upon light” refers to the fact that Imam after Imam will come from her progeny.

(Ibnal Maghazli)

Verse 36: In houses Allah has allowed to be raised and wherein His name is celebrated; He is glorified therein, morning and evening.

Anas ibne Malik and Buraydah narrate that when RasoolAllah (sawa) recited this verse, Abu Bakr stood up and asked, pointing towards the house of Ali and Fatima, whether that house was included in the houses referred to, and RasoolAllah replied, “Yes, and it is better than other houses to which this verse refers.”

(Tha’labi: Tafseer al-Kabeer)

37

Verses 48-50: When they are summoned to Allah and His Messenger that he may judge between them, lo, a faction of them turn aside. If the right is on their side, they come to him submissively. Is there in their hearts a disease, or do they doubt, or do they fear lest Allah and His messenger will deal unjustly with them? Nay, they are themselves unjust.

Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq said, “These three verses were revealed about a dispute that emerged between Ali and Uthman. Ali agreed to abide by the Messenger of Allah’s decision. Abdur Rahman ibne Auf advised Uthman not to appoint the Messenger of Allah as the judge because he would decide the issue in favour of Ali. He suggested the name of Ibne Shayba who was a Jew. Uthman then refused to go to anyone save Shayba. Shayba then told Uthman: ‘What! Do you doubt the integrity of the Messenger of Allah who – as you Muslims say – says and does only that which Allah commands him to do? Your refusal to go to him amounts to blasphemy.’”

(Tafseer al-Majma’ul Bayan)

38

AL-FURQAN

Verse 54: He it is who has created man from wáter, and made for him relationship by blood and wedlock; and your Lord is ever powerful.

Muhammad ibne Seereen narrates that this verse was revealed about the relationship of Ali ibne Abi Talib with RasoolAllah because Rasool (sawa) was his cousin by blood and father-in-law by wedlock with Lady Fatima.

(Kifayat at-Talib, by Abdullah ibne Yousuf ash-Shaafa’i)

Verse 74: And those who say, “O our Lord, grant us out of our wives and our offspring that which cheers our eyes; and make us Imams of muttaqeen”.

Abu Sa’eed Khudhari reports that about this verse, Jibraeel conveyed to RasoolAllah (sawa) that by wife is meant Lady Khadija and by offspring are meant Hasanain and by Imam al-muttaqeen is meant Ali ibne Abi Talib (as).

(Haskani: Shawahid ut-Tanzeel)

39

ASH-SHU’ARA

Verse 84: And appoint for me a truthful tongue among the posterity.

Imam as-Sadiq (as) said that the “truthful tongue” is Ali ibne Abi Talib (as). When wilayah of Ali was presented to Ibrahim, he supplicated to Allah to keep Ali in his lineage.

(Ibne Mardawaih)

40

AN-NAML

Verses 89 and 90: Whosoever brings good shall have better than its worth, and they will be safe from the terror of that day. Whosoever brings evil shall be cast face forward into fire…

Amir al-Momineen Ali (as) said, “The good mentioned here is our love and the evil mentioned is our enmity.”

(Ibne Mardawaih)

41

AL-QASAS

Verse 54: These shall be given their recompense twice, for they have patience and repel evil with good, and spend of what We have given them.

Those who “have patience and repel evil with good…” refers to the infallible Imams, from Ali (as) to al-Hujjat (as).

(Tafseer al-Qummi)

Verse 61: Is he then, to whom We have promised a goodly promise which he shall certainly receive, like unto him whom We have granted the means of enjoyment in the worldly life, then will certainly be brought to judgement on the day of resurrection?

He to whom Allah has promised a goodly promise is Ali ibne Abi Talib (as)

(Qandozi: Yanabi’ al-Mawwaddah)

Verse 68: Your Lord creates whatever He wills and chooses. They do not have the choice to choose. Too exalted and glorified is Allah for what they associate with Him.

Anas ibne Malik reports: I asked RasoolAllah (sawa) about this verse and he said, “Allah created Adam from clay, as He willed. From among His creatures He chose me and my Ahlul-Bayt; so He made me His messenger and Ali my vicegerent. Hence Allah says that none other than Him has the right to choose.”

(Tafseer of Muhammad ibne Momin Shirazi)

42

AL-ANKABUT

Verse 2: Do people think they will get away by saying, “we believe,” and they will not be tried?

Ali (as) narrates that I asked, “O RasoolAllah, what kind of trial is this?” He replied, “The people will be tested about you.”

(Ibne Mardawaih)

43

AR-ROUM

Verse 30: So set your face uprightly to the religion in harmony with the nature Allah has made for man…

Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (as) said about this verse, “This (the nature that Allah has made for man) is La ilaha illallah, Muhammad ar-rasoolAllah, Ali-un amir al-momineena waliAllah; up to here is Tawheed.”

(Tafseer al-Qummi)

Verse 38: So give to the near of kin (zal-qurba)…

Ahmed Ibne ‘Ammar narrates that RasoolAllah (sawa), when asked who were the “zal-qurba” repeated three times: “Ali, Fatima and their progeny”

(Shawahid ut-Tanzeel)

44

AS-SAJDAH

Verse 18: Is he who is a believer like him who is a transgresor? They are not alike.

Sa’eed ibne Jubayr relates from ibne Abbas that Walid ibne Aqbah said to Ali, “My spear is much sharper than yours, my speech is more eloquent than yours and my army is larger than yours.” Ali said, “Be silent. You are a transgressor (faasiq).” Then this verse was revealed wherein “believer” refers to Ali and “transgressor” refers to Walid.

(Wahidi in Asbaab an-Nuzool)

45

AL-AHZAB

Verse 4: Allah has not made for any man two hearts in his breast…

According to Zaid ibne Haritha this means that it is not possible for a person to have the love of Ahlul-Bayt and at the same time have consideration for their enemies.

(Tafseer al Imam Hasan Askari)

Verse 6: …and blood relations are closer to each other, according to the book of Allah, than believers and the immigrants…

Imam Hussain ibne Ali (as) asked RasoolAllah (sawa) to explain about the blood relations being close, and RasoolAllah said, “When I die your father Ali, who is closest to me, has a better title than anybody else for succeeding me. When your father dies then your brother Hasan has a better title than others, and when Hasan passes away, you have a better title of succeeding him.”

(Sheikh Sadooq: An-Nusoos)

[A similar phrase is found in al-Anfaal, verse 75].

46

Verse 23: Among the believers there are men who are true to the covenant they had made with Allah.There is among them he who has fulfilled his vow, there is he who is still waiting; and they have not changed in the least.

Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (as) said that among the believers who were true in their promise to Allah and had discharged their vow by martyrdom were Hamza ibne Abdul Muttalib and Ja’far ibne Abi Talib, and he who was waiting was Ali ibne Abi Talib (as).

(Tafseer of S.V. Mir Ahmed Ali and Ayatullah Puya)

Verse 25: Allah turned back the disbelievers in their fury, they did not gain any advantage. Allah sufficed for the believers in the fighting. Allah is all-powerful, all-mighty.

Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (as) said that in the battle of Ahzab, when Amir al-momineen (as) killed ‘Amr ibne ‘Abdewud, the strongest warrior of the enemies, this created such an awe and fear in the hearts of the kaafireen (infidels) of Makkah that they became ineffective in battle. The verse refers to this.

(Majma’ ul-Bayan)

47

Verse 33: …Verily, verily Allah intends to keep off from you uncleanliness, o Ahlul Bayt, and purify you, a thorough purification.

Abu Sa’eed Khudhri reports that this verse was revealed for five persons: RasoolAllah, Ali, Fatima, Hasan and Hussain.

(Ahmed ibne Hanbal;

Sawa’eq al-Muharriqa

and many more sources)

[This is the famous verse, known as Ayat at-Tatheer and makes clear the infallibility of Ahlul Bayt and – as indicated in the above tafseer – also provides clear proof about who are included in the Ahlul Bayt.]

Verse 56: Verily Allah and His angels send blessings upon the Nabi; O you who have faith, invoke blessings on him and invoke peace upon him in a worthy manner.

Ka’b ibne ‘Ajrah narrates that when this verse was revealed, some of us asked, “O messenger of Allah, how should we invoke blessings upon you?” Rasool (sawa) said, “Say, ALLAHUMMA SALLE ‘ALA MUHAMMAD WA ‘ALA AALE MUHAMMAD ILA AKHIRUHU.”

(Sawa’eq al-Muharriqa)

48

Verse 57: Verily those who annoy Allah and His Messenger, Allah has cursed them in this world and the hereafter, and has prepared for them a disgraceful chastisement.

Ali (as) narrates that RasoolAllah (sawa) held a hair of his holy beard and said, “O Ali, if anyone hurts you so much as a hair, then he hurts me and whoever hurts me has hurt Allah, and Allah will send His la’nat upon him.” Then RasoolAllah recited this verse.

(Al-Zarandi in Daarus-Simtain)

Verse 71: He will straighten your affairs for you and forgive your sins; and whoever obeys Allah and His messenger, he verily has achieved a great success.

Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (as) stated that in this verse, “whoever obeys Allah and His messenger” refers to those who obey Allah and His messenger in the wilayah of Ali ibne Abi Talib and the wilayah of the rest of the Imams after Ali.

(Tafseer al-Qummi)

49

SABA

Verse 6: Those who have been given knowledge realise what has been revealed by the Lord is the truth (al-haqq), and leads to the path of the mighty and praiseworthy (God).

In the above verse, “al-haqq” refers to Ali ibne Abi Talib (as).

(Tafseer al-Qummi)

Verse 20: Verily Iblis found his conjecture true concerning them, so they followed him, all save a group of believers.

Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (as) said that when RasoolAllah (sawa) declared the successorship of Ali ibne Abi Talib (as) in Ghadeer, some people vowed to disobey the messenger of Allah. Then this verse was revealed.

(Tafseer al-Qummi)

50

AL-FATIR

Verse 10: … All good words go up to Him…

Imam Ali ar-Raza (as) says that “kalim at-tayyib” (good words) mean LA ILAHA ILLALLAH, MUHAMMADUR-RASOOLALLAH, ALIYAN WALIALLAH.

(Tafseer e Imam Hasan Askari)

Verse 32: Then We gave the Book as inheritance to those whom We chose from among Our servants…

The “chosen” in this verse refers to Ali (as).

(Ibne Marduwayh)

51

YA-SIN

Verse 12: … and We have firmly enclosed everything in a manifesting guide (imamim-mubeen).

Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (as) said that when this verse was revealed, Abu Bakr and Umar asked the messenger of Allah (sawa), “Is imamim-mubeen the Tawrat given to Musa?” Rasool said, “No.” Then they asked, “Is this Injeel, given to ‘Isa?” “No,” said the Rasool. “Is it the holy Qur’an?” they asked. “No,” said the Rasool. Then turning towards Ali, he said, “Verily this is the Imam in whom Allah has deposited the knowledge of everything.”

 

(Tafseer of S.V. Mir Ahmed Ali and Ayatullah Puya)

52

AS-SAFFAAT

Verse 24: And stop them; verily they must be questioned.

Abu Saeed Khuzari narrates that RasoolAllah (sawa) said, “People of the mahshar (day of the judgement) will be questioned about wilayah of Ali ibne Abi Talib.”

 

(Sawa’eq al-Muharriqa)

53

SAAD

Verse 75: (Allah) said, “O Iblis, what prevented you from falling prostrate before that which I created with both My hands? Are you proud? Or are you one of the exalted?”

Someone asked RasoolAllah (sawa) about the “exalted ones” mentioned in this verse. RasoolAllah replied that those are myself, Ali, Fatima, Hasan and Hussain.

(Tafseer al-Burhan)

54

AZ-ZUMAR

Verse 29: Allah sets forth the example of a man in service of partners, quarrelling with each other; and a man wholly belonging to one man. Are the two conditions equal? Praise be to Allah. In fact, most of them do not know.

Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (as) said that “man wholly belonging to one man” refers to Ali (who obeyed the messenger of Allah in everything) and Ali’s shias.

(Tafseer al-Ayashi)

Imam Muhammad al Baqir (as) also said that “man in service of partners, quarrelling with each other” refers to the followers of the first Caliph.

(Al-Kafi)

Verse 33: He who brings the truth and he who testifies it – these are they who are pious.

“He who brings the truth” refers to RasoolAllah (sawa) and “he who testifies it” refers to Ali ibne Abi Talib (as).

(Manaqib of Ibnal Maghazali)

Verse 56: Lest a soul should say, “Alas for my negligence in the vicinity of Allah ! And indeed I was among those who ridiculed.”

Imam Musa al-Kazim (as) commenting on this verse said that the term “janbullah” refers to Ali ibne Abi Talib (as).

(Tafseer al-Saafi)

55

AL-MOMIN

Verse 40: Whosoever does evil shall not be requitted sabe the like of it; and whosoever, male or female, does good and is a believer, shall enter the garden where they shall be given sustenance without measure.

Anas ibne Malik narrates that RasoolAllah (sawa) said, “Among my people there will be seventy thousand who will enter paradise without accounting for their deeds.” Then the Rasool turned to Ali and said, “O Ali, they will be your Shia and you will be their Imam.”

(Ghayat al-Maraam)

56

HA MIM

Verses 6 and 7: … Woe to mushrikeen (those who associate false gods with Allah). Who do not give the poor-rate, and do not believe in the hereafter.

Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (as) said, “Is it reasonable that Allah demands zakat (poor-rate) from mushrikeen?” Someone then asked, “O son of RasoolAllah, what then is the meaning of this verse?” Imam said, “These are the mushrikeen of the first Imam (i.e. they associate false Imams with the true one) and the Imams after him.”

(Tafseer al-Qummi)

57

ASH-SHURA

Verse 13: …Hard upon the disbelievers is that towards which you call them. Allah chooses to Himself whomsoever He wills, and guides to Himself whosoever turns.

Imam Ali ibnal-Hussain (as) said that “hard upon the disbelievers” refers to the wilayah of Ali ibne Abi Talib (as).

(Al-Kafi)

Verse 23: Say, I ask no reward from you for it except the love of my kinsfolk…

Ibne Abbas narrates that when this verse was revealed, some of the companions asked, “O messenger of Allah, who are these kinsfolk of yours love is obligatory upon us?” RasoolAllah replied, “Ali, Fatima and their two sons.”

(Sawa’eq al-Muharriqa)

58

AZ-ZUKHRUF

Verse 41: Even if We take you away, We shall certainly extract retribution from them.

Rasool (sawa) said that this verse referred to Ali who would, after the Messenger of Allah, fight and punish the hypocrites.

(Durr al-Manthoor)

Verse 45: Ask those of our apostles who have been sent before you…

Ibne Abbas and Ibne Mas’ud narrate that RasoolAllah (sawa) said, “On the eve of Me’raj, an angel came to me and told me to ask the apostles before me about the matter upon which they were given the apostleship. When I asked them, they said, ‘upon recognizing your risalat and Ali’s wilayat.’”

(Tafseer e Nishapuri)

Verse 61: And verily he is a portent of the Hour.

The verse about Al Mahdi who will be from the progeny of Ali and Fatima. This verse is proof the progeny of Ali and Fatima is blessed.

(Sawa’eq al-Muharriqa)

59

DUKHAN

Verse 51: Verily those who safeguarded themselves with full awareness of divine laws (muttaqeen) will be in a place of peace and security.

Ibne Abbas narrates, “By Allah, Ali represents this verse. By Allah, Ali is the leader of muttaqeen.”

(Shawahid ut-Tanzeel)

60

MUHAAMAD

Verse 1, 2: Those who disbelieve and hinder from the path of Allah, He renders their deeds vain. And those who believe and do good and believe in what has been sent down to Muhammad – it is the truth from their Lord – He will remove from them their evils and improve their state.

Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq states that belief in “what has been sent down to Muhammad” means belief in what has been sent down to Muhammad about Ali.

(Tafseer al-Qummi)

61

AL-FAT-H

Verse 29: Muhammad is the messenger of Allah; and those who are with him are severe against infidels but compassionate among themselves. You see them bowing and prostrating, seeking His grace and pleasure. Their mark is on their faces from the effect of prostrations. Their description in Tawrat and their description in Injeel is like a seed that sends out a stalk, then strengthens it, and it becomes stout and rises firm on its stem, delighting the sowers, in order to fill the disbelievers with rage. Allah has promised those who believe and do good deeds forgiveness and a great recompense.

Ibne Abbas narrates that some people asked RasoolAllah (sawa), “Who does this verse refer to?” RasoolAllah replied, “On the day of judgement, a caller will call for the leader of the faithful (syed ul-momineen) and his followers, whereupon Ali will step out with his followers from all ages. A flag of white light will be handed to him. A voice will be heard to say, ‘For you all is Allah’s forgiveness and great reward.’ Then Ali will sit on a pulpit of light and everyone will be brought before him. He will send his muhib (those who loved him) to paradise and his deniers to hellfire.”

(Khawarizmi: Manaqib)

62

AL-HUJARAT

Verse 15: They alone are believers who believe in Allah and His messenger, then never doubt again, and strive with their wealth and their lives in the way of Allah. They are the truthful.

Ibne Abbas narrates that this verse was revealed about Ali ibne Abi Talib, Hamza ibne Abdul Muttalib and Ja’far ibne Abi Talib.

(Shawahid ut-Tanzil)

63

AL-QAF

Verse 24: Cast you two every ingrate rebel into hell.

The two who will cast the rebels into hell are the messenger of Allah and the commander of the faithful. RasoolAllah said, “O Ali, this verse is revealed for you and me.”

(Tafseer al-Safi)

64

AZ-ZARIYAT

Verse 17 and 18: They used to sleep but little in the night. And in the hours of early dawn they prayed for forgiveness.

Sa’eed ibne Jubayr narrates that this verse was revealed about Ali, Fatima, Hasan and Hussain.

(Shawahid ut-Tanzeel)

65

AT-TOOR

Verse 21: And those who believe and whose progeny follow them in faith, We will unite their offspring with them, and We will not decrease anything from their deeds. Every man shall be responsible for what he has done.

Ibne Abbas narrates that this verse was revealed for Ali, Fatima, Hasan and Hussain.

(Shawahid ut-Tanzeel)

66

AN-NAJM

Verse 1-4: By the star when it goes down; Your companion does not err, nor does he go astray; Nor does he spead out of (his own) desire; It is but a revelation revealed.

Ibne Abbas reports: “We Hashimis and some other people were with RasoolAllah (sawa) when suddenly we saw a star moving downwards from high up. RasoolAllah said, ‘At whosoever’s house this star lands will be my successor.’ Everyone started watching the star. The star landed at the door of Ali ibne Abi Talib. Some of the people who were envious of Ali said, ‘O RasoolAllah, Ali’s friendship has led you astray.’ They had not even finished their sentence that this verse was revealed.

(Ibnal Maghazli)

 

[There are two instances that traditions narrate about a star coming donw at the door-step of Ali. One is the above instant and the other is at the time of the marriage of Lady Fatima, daughter of the Messenger of Allah, when the star touched down on Ali’s door-step to indicate that Ali was the husband that Allah had chosen for Fatima. Shia scholars have speculated that the celestial bodies that came down were not stars but planets, most like Saturn and/or Venus. At Allah’s command, the planet left its orbit started moving towards earth. As it approached earth, it proportionately lost its mass and volume. After performing its prescribed duty on earth, it went back to its original position in space, proportionately gaining back the mass and volume it had originally lost.]

67

AL-QAMAR

Verse 54 and 55: Verily those who safeguard themselves against evil will be amidst gardens and springs; In the seat of truth, in the presence of the Omnipotent Sovereign.

Jabir narrates that RasoolAllah said, “O Ali, whoever loves you will be with us in paradise,” then he recited these verses.

(Tabari: Zakhaer al-‘Uqba)

68

AR-RAHMAN

Verses 3 and 4: He created man; taught him al-bayan.

It is narrated from Imam Ali ar-Raza (as) that “al-insaan” refers to Ali ibne Abi Talib (as) and “allamahul bayan” means that Allah taught him all the knowledge that is needed by humankind.

(Tafseer al-Qummi)

Verse 19: He has let loose two oceans, meeting together.

Salman narrates that the two oceans are Ali and Fatima.

(Suyuti: Durr al-Manthoor)

69

AL-WAQI’AH

Verses 10-12: And the foremost will be foremost. Those who are they who will be brought nearest. In gardens of bliss.

Ibne Abbas reports that when asked about these verses, RasoolAllah said, “Jibraeel has informed me (from Allah) that this refers to Ali.”

(Ibnal Maghazli)

70

AL-HADEED

Verse 19: Those who believe in Allah and His messenger are the truthful, and they are witnesses before their Lord. They shall have their recompense and their light…

Ibne Abbas narrates that this verse was revealed in honour of Ali ibne Abi Talib and it is Ali who is Siddeeq e Akber.

(Musnad of Ahmed ibne Hanbal)

71

AL-MUJADILA

Verse 12: O you who believe: when you whisper secretly to your apostle, offer a charity before your secret talk. That is better for you and purer. But if you do not have the means, then verily Allah is all-forgiving, all-merciful.

Some of the companions used to surround the messenger of Allah (sawa) and keep whispering to him as if to show that they had a special position with him. This prevented many other companions who had some genuine questions for and needs from RasoolAllah. Then, when this verse was revealed, the companions kept away from the Rasool – the rich due to their miserliness and the destitute due to their poverty. Ali then sold his head-gear for ten dirhams and for the next ten days he gave one dirham in charity every day and talked to RasoolAllah his secret talk. After the tenth day, this verse was abrogated. Ali later said, “There is one verse in the Book of Allah on which no one acted before me and no one will ever act after me.”

(Tafseer e Tha’labi)

72

HASHR

Verse 7: Whatever Allah has bestowed on His messenger from the people of the towns belongs to Allah and to the messenger and to the near ones, and the orphans and the needy and the wayfarer, so that it may not circulate among those who are rich among you. Accept what the messenger gives you, and refrain from what he forbids, and fear Allah; verily Allah is severe of retribution.

Amir al-momineen Ali ibne Abi Talib (as) states that in this verse, the ones near to Allah refers to us.

(Al-Kafi)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

73

AS-SAFF

Verse 4: Verily Allah loves those who fight in His cause in ranks as though they were an unbreakable concrete wall.

Ibne Abbas narrates that this verse was revealed in praise of Ali ibne Abi Talib (as).

(Haskani in Shawahid ut-Tanzeel)

74

AL-JUM’A

Verse 2: He it is who raised among the ummies a messenger from amongst them, who recites His signs to them, purifies them and teaches them the book and wisdom though they were aforetime indeed in manifest straying.

Ibne Abbas narrates that in this verse, the book is the Qur’an, and wisdom is the wilayah of Ali (as).

(Shawahid ut-Tanzeel)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

75

 

AL-MUNAFIQOON

Verse 1: When the hypocrites come to you, they say, “We bear witness that verily you are the messenger of Allah.” Verily Allah knows that you are His messenger, and verily Allah bears witness that the hypocrites are indeed liars.

Imam Musa al-Kadhim (as) says that those who refuse to accept the wilayat of Ali ibne Abi Talib (as) have been called hypocrites (munafiqoon) by Allah, meaning that the refusal of the wilayat of Ali is as the refusal of the messengership (risalat) of RasoolAllah (sawa).

(Al-Kafi)

76

AT-TAGHABUN

Verse 8: So believe in Allah and His messenger and the light (noor) We have sent down. Allah is well aware of what you do.

Ibne Abbas narrates that the “noor” mentioned in above verse refers to Ali ibne Abi Talib (as)

(Tabari)

77

AT-TAHREEM

Verse 4: If both of you (wives of the messenger of Allah) turn to Allah in repentance, surely your hearts are inclined; but if you two back up each other against him, then verily Allah is his protector, and Jibraeel and the virtuous among the believers…

The two wives of RasoolAllah (sawa) referred in this verse are Ayesha and Hafsa and “the virtuous among the believers (salih ul-momineen) refers to Ali ibne Abi Talib.

(Durr al-Manthoor)

78

AL-MULK

Verse 27: But when they shall see it near, grieved shall be the faces of those who disbelieve, and it shall be said, “This is what you have been calling for.”

Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (as) said that the hypocrites’ faces will lose colour when they will see Ali’s high position near the Messenger of Allah.

(Shawahid ut-Tanzeel)

79

AL-QALAM

Verses 1-7: Nun. By the pen and by what they write. You are not, by grace of your Lord, mad. Verily for you there is an unending recompense. Verily you are on an exalted standard of sublime morality. So you will see and they will see. Which of you is afflicted with madness. Verily your Lord is He who knows best who have gone astray from His path and He knows best those who are guided aright.

When RasoolAllah (sawa) praised Ali ibne Abi Talib, the munafiqeen started saying bad things about the Rasool, Allah revealed these verses.

(Ghayath al-Maram

Shawahid ut-Tanzeel)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

80

AL HAAQQAH

Verse 12: So that We might make it to you a reminder, and that it might be retained by the retaining ear.

When this verse was revealed, RasoolAllah (sawa) said, “O Ali, your ear is the retaining ear.”

(Al-Kafi)

81

AL-MA’ARIJ

Verses 1-3: A demander demanded the chastisement that is to befall the disbelievers – which none shall be able to repel – from Allah, Lord of the ways of ascent.

The chastisement mentioned in this verse refers to the ‘azaab (punishment) that Allah sent on Harith ibne No’man Fahri on the day of Ghadeer upon his denial of the wilayah of Ali ibne Abi Talib.

(Tafseer e Kabir of Tha’labi)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

82

NUH

Verse 28: O My Lord, forgive me, my parents and him who enters my abode as a believer, and the believing men and the believing women, and do not give the unjust increase save in perdition.

Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq states that in this verse, “my abode” (bayti) stands for wilayah, and whoever has entered in the wilayah has entered the abode of anbiya.

(Al-Kafi)

83

AL-JINN

Verse 17: … and whoever turns away from the remembrance of his Lord, then He will make him undergo a severe chastisement.

Ibne Abbas narrates that in this verse, “remembrance of his Lord” refers to wilayah of Ali ibne Abi Talib (as).

(Shawahid ut-Tanzeel)

84

AL-MUZZAMMIL

Verse 20: Verily, your Lord knows that you stand up about two-thirds of the night and half of it, and one-third of it as do a group of those with you…

Ibne Abbas narrates that in this verse, “a group of those with you” refers to Ali (as) and Fatima (sa)

(Shawahid ut-Tanzeel)

85

AL-MUDDATHTHIR

Verses 49-51: Then what is the matter with them that they turn away from the reminder. As though they were frightened asses. Fleeing from a lion.

Imam Musa al-Kadhim (as) said that “the reminder” is the wilayah of Ali ibne Abi Talib (as).

(Al-Kafi)

86

AL-QIYAMAH

Verses 31-33: For he neither believed nor prayed. But only belied and turned away. Then haughtily he went to his people.

Huzaifa Yamani, zush-shahadatain, narrates: I was sitting in front of RasoolAllah (sawa) when he received the command from Allah, ‘O you Messenger, convey what has been revealed unto you…’ He immediately got up and addressed all the people gathered, saying, “I have just received Allah’s command to convey one thing.” Then he called Ali and had him stand to his right. Then he addressed the people, saying, “Are you aware that I am your master and commander?” Everyone said, “Yes.” Then he said, “For whosover I am the master, this Ali is the master. You be the enemy of anyone who has enmity towards him, and help anyone who helps him, and humiliate anyone who tries to insult him.” By Allah, I saw Muawiyah get up angrily, stretched his body, put his right hand over the shoulder of Abdullah ibne Qais al-Ash’ari and his left over the shoulder of Mughairah ibne Sha’ba and left, saying, “By God we will not obey Muhammad, nor will we accept the wilayah of Ali.” Then these verses were revealed.

(Shawahid ut-Tanzeel, Tafseer al-Furat)

87

AD-DAHR (AL-INSAAN)

This whole surah was revealed in praise of Ali, Fatima, Hasan, Hussain and their maid, Fizza.

Imam Ali ibne Abi Talib narrates: Once, both Hassan and Hussain fell ill. RasoolAllah (sawa) visited them and said to me, “O Abul Hasan, if you make a vow to Allah (mannat) they will recover faster.” I immediately made a vow to Allah that I will fast for three days if my sons recover. Fatima made the vow. Hasan and Hussain made the vow. Our maid Fizza also made the same vow. My sons got well very soon. Those days we did not have anything to eat. All of us fasted. I went to Simon, the Jew, and borrowed three measures of grains. I gave the grains to the daughter of RasoolAllah who took one-third of the grains, ground them to flour and baked five loaves of bread. I recited the Maghrib and ‘Isha prayers behind RasoolAllah and after the prayers, came home to break the fast. The daughter of RasoolAllah brought the bread and salt and we all sat down to break the fast. Just then someone came to our door and said, “Peace be upon you o progeny of Muhammad. I am one of the poor persons of the nation of Muslims. May Allah feed you from the food of paradise. Please give me some bread.” All of us gave our bread to the poor man and broke our fast with water. The next day, the daughter of RasoolAllah took another portion of the grain and made bread. As usual, I said my Maghribain prayers behind RasoolAllah in the mosque and returned home for breaking the fast. The daughter of RasoolAllah brought forth salt and bread and we sat down to break our fast when we heard someone at our door say, “Peace be upon you, o progeny of Muhammad. I am one of the orphans of the nation of Muslims. My father was martyred in the battle of Uhad. May Allah feed you from the food of paradise. Please give me some bread.”

88

All of us gave our bread to the poor man and broke our fast with water. The third day, the daughter of RasoolAllah took the last portion of the grain and made bread. After Maghribain prayers, when I returned home and we all sat down to break our fast, a prisoner came to our door and said, “O progeny of Muhammad, may Allah shower you with bounties of paradise. Please feed me.” We gave our bread to him and broke our fast with water on the third night too. The next day, when RasoolAllah came to visit us, he found us weak with hunger. He raised his hands and said, “O Allah, these are my Ahlul Bayt and they have been rendered weak by continually sacrificing in Your way.” Then Jibraeel was sent down with the thirty-two verses of surat ad-Dahr.

(Shawahid ut-Tanzil

Ibne Jauzi: Tazkirat al-Khawas

Tafseer al-Qurtabi

Tafseer at-Tabari

Manaqib al-Baghdadi)

89

AL-MURSALAT

Verse 15: Woe on that day to the beliers.

According to Imam Musa al-Kadhim (as), Allah is saying in this verse that O Muhammad, the beliers – those who belied the wahi that I had sent to you about the wilayah of Ali al-Murtaza – will thoroughly suffer on that day (day of judgement).

(Al-Kafi)

90

AN-NABA

Verses 1-3: Of what do they ask one another? Of the great News, about which they differ.

RasoolAllah (sawa) said, “The great news refers to the wilayah of Ali ibne Abi Talib.”

(Hilyatul Awliah)

Verse 40: Verily We have warned you of a chastisement near at hand, a day when man shall see what his two hands had sent before, and the disbeliever shall say, “Woe to me! Would that I were dust!”

RasoolAllah (sawa) said that on the day of judgement, when a disbeliever will see all the pleasures that Allah has provided for the Shia of Ali ibne Abi Talib, he will say, “Would that I was dust.”

(Sheikh Sadooq: ‘Ilal ush-Shara’eh)

91

ABASA

Verses 38 and 39: That day some faces will be bright. Laughing and joyous.

Anas ibne Malik narrates that I asked RasoolAllah (sawa) about this verse. He said, “O Anas, those faces will belong to us: me, Ali, Hamza, Ja’far, Hasan, Hussain and my daughter Fatima.”

(Shawahid ut-Tanzeel)

92

AT-TAKWIR

Verse 29: And you do not wish unless it is wished by Allah, the Lord of all the worlds.

Imam Musa al-Kadhim (as) says that Allah has established the minds of the Imams as the place of revelation of His wishes and this verse is the proof.

(Tafseer al-Saafi)

93

AL-INFITAR

Verse 9: Nay, but you belie the Deen.

“Deen” means RasoolAllah (sawa) and Amir al-momineen (sa).

(Tafseer al-Qummi)

94

AT-TATFIF (AL-MUTAFAFFEEN)

Verses 29-36: Verily, the guilty used to laugh at those who believe. And winked at one another when they passed by them. And when they returned to their people, they returned jesting. And when they saw them they said, “Verily they have gone astray.” While they were not sent to be watchers over them. So today, those who believe shall laugh at the disbelievers. On exalted couches, observing. Will not the disbelievers be requited for what they used to do?

Once, Ali (as) was on his way to meet RasoolAllah (sawa) along with some of his companions. A group of munafiqeen saw them and made fun of them. Even before Ali and his group reached RasoolAllah, these verses were revealed to the Rasool.

(Shawahid ut-Tanzeel

Tafseer al-Muqatil)

95

AL-INSHIQAQ

Verses 7-9: He who is given his record in his right hand. Will have an easy reckoning. And will return to his people full of joy.

Abdullah ibne Umar narrates that we asked RasoolAllah about Ali. RasoolAllah was displeased and he said, “I am astonished at the people who ask about one whose status in the eyes of Allah is the same as mine and except for nabuwwat, whose rank is the same as mine. Remember: whoever loves Ali, their record will be given in their right hands and their reckoning will be as light as the reckoning of the apostles.”

(Ghayat al-Maram)

96

AL-BUROOJ

Verse 1-3: By the heaven with constellations; By the promised day; By witness and witnessed.

Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (as) said that “witness” refers to RasoolAllah (sawa) and “witnessed” refers to Ali ibne Abi Talib (as).

(Al-Kafi)

97

AL-A’ALA

Verse 15: And remembers the name of his Lord and prays.

Imam Ali ar-Raza (as) asked someone about his understanding of this verse. The man replied that it means that when remembering the name of Allah, one should perform salat. Imam replied that it would mean that Allah has put a great burden on His servants. The man asked “Then what is the meaning?” Imam said, “It means that whenever one remembers Allah, he should recite a salawat on Muhammad and Aale-Muhammad.”

(Al-Kafi)

98

AL-GHASHIYAH

Verse 8: Faces shall be delighted on that day.

These will be the followers of Ali ibne Abi Talib (as).

(Tafseer e Qummi)

99

AL-FAJR

Verse 3: By the even and the odd.

The even refers to Hasan (as) and Hussain (as) and the odd refers to Ali ibne Abi Talib (as).

(Tafseer al-Qummi)

100

AL-BALAD

Verse 3: By the begetter and that which he begot.

The “begetter” in this verse is Imam Ali ibne Abi Talib (as) and “that which he begot” are the 11 Imams from his progeny.

(Al-Kafi)

101

ASH-SHAMS

Verse 1 and 2: By the sun and its radiance. By the moon when it follows the sun.

Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (as) said that in these verses, the sun refers to RasoolAllah (sawa) and the moon refers to Ali ibne Abi Talib (as).

(Al-Kafi)

102

AL-LAYL

Verse 6: And believes in the best.

Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (as) said that “the best” (al-hasna) refers to the wilayah of Ali ibne Abi Talib (as).

(Tafseer al-Qummi)

103

AD-DHUHA

Verse 5: Soon your Lord will give you that with which you will be pleased.

Ibne Abbas narrates that RasoolAllah was pleased that every member of the Ahlul Bayt will be of the paradise.

(Suyuti: Ihya al-Millat)

104

AL-INSHIRAH

Verse 7: So when you have completed (your duties) then establish (your successor).

Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (as) states that in this verse Allah has commanded His messenger that once you have completed your duties as My messenger, then establish Ali as your successor.

(Tafseer of Muhammad ibne Ahmed Qartobi)

105

AT-TIN

Verses 1-6: By the fig and the olive. By the mount Sinai. And by the inviolate city. Indeed We created man in the best form. Then We reversed him to the lowest of the low. Except those who believe and do good deeds, for whom there is never-ending recompense.

Imam Musa al-Kadhim (as) narrates that “fig” refers to Hasan (as), “olive” to Hussain (as), “mount Sinai” to Ali (as), “inviolate city” to RasoolAllah (sawa) and “those who believe” the Shia of Ali (as).

(Shawahid ut-Tanzeel)

106

AL-BAYYINAH

Verse 7: Verily those who believe and do good deeds are the best of created beings (khairul bariyyah).

Abu Sa’eed Khudhri narrates that khairul bariyyah refers to Ali ibne Abi Talib (as).

(Ibne ‘Asakir)

107

AL-ZILZAL

Verse 4: On that day she (earth) shall relate her news.

Lady Fatima said that one day an earthquake sent the people of Madina into a panic and all of them, along with Abu Bakr and Umar, came to Ali. He took them outside the city and addressed them: “The quaking of the earth has overwhelmed you with fright. What will you do when it will quake before the day of judgement?” Then he put his hand on the earth and commanded it to cease quaking, and the earth obeyed. He said, “Do you wonder at what has happened? I am he to whom the earth will speak on the day of judgement.” Then he recited Surat al-Zilzal.

(Minhaj us-Sadiqin)

108

AL-‘ADIYAT

Verses 1-5: By the snorting chargers. And those striking sparks of fire. And those raiding at dawn. Raising clouds of dust. Penetrating deep en masse.

These verses refer to the battle known as Zaat as-salasal. Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (as) narrated: The tribes of Bani Salim raised a huge army to launch a surprise attack on Madina in order to kill the believers and arrest RasoolAllah (sawa). The Holy Rasool, after receiving the information, sent one of his companions along with a party of Muslim warriors to prevent the planned attack. But in the first encounter he ran away from the battlefield leaving a large number of his men dead. Another companion was sent. He also returned defeated. Then Umar ibne Khattab volunteered to go with a promise that he would certainly defeat the enemy. He too failed. At last, Ali was sent. With his men, he traveled in the night and rested in the daytime, reaching the enemy and attacking them in the early hours of dawn. He won a decisive victory. When he returned, RasoolAllah received him outside the city and said, “O Ali, had there not been the risk of people idolizing you as the Christians worship ‘Isa, I would have made publish such of your merits as would make the people use the soil from under your feet to cure their ailments.”

(Minhaj us-Sadiqeen)

109

AT-TAKATHUR

Verse 8: Then you shall be questioned on that day about the bounties.

Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq stated that the “bounties” mentioned in this verse are the Ahlul Bayt.

(Tafseer al-Burhan)

110

AL-‘ASR

Verses 1-3 (i.e. the whole sura): By the time. Verily man is in loss. Save those who believe and do good deeds and exhort one another to truth and exhort one another to endurance.

Zaid ibne arqam narrates: RasoolAllah (sawa) said that this sura was revealed about the enemies and friends of Ali.

(Tafseer at-Tabari)

111

AL-HUMAZAH

Verse 1: Woe to every slanderer (humazah), traducer.

According to RasoolAllah (sawa), humazat is the enmity of Ahlul-Bayt that devil puts in some hearts. (In other words, humazah is one who has enmity of Ahlul-Bayt in his heart).

(Tafseer e Imam Hasan Askari)

112

AL-IKHLAS

Verses 1-4 (i.e. the whole sura): Say, “He is Allah, the One. Allah in independent. He does not beget nor is He begotten. There is no one like Him.”

Ibne Abbas narrates that RasoolAllah (sawa) said, “O Ali, among people you are like surat al-ikhlas in Qur’an. Whoever recites al-ikhlas once, it is as if he has recited one-third of Qur’an, and whoever recites it twice, it is as if he has recited two-thirds of the Qur’an, and whoever recites it three times, it is as if he has recited the whole Qur’an. O Ali, similarly, whoever loves you with his heart has acquired one-third of his faith, and whoever loves with his heart and tongue has acquired two-thirds of his faith, and whoever loves you with his heart, tongue and hands, has acquired complete faith. By One who has appointed me with Haqq, if people of earth loved you the same way that the people of heaven love you, Allah would not have created hell.”

(Sulaiman Qandoozi: Yanabi-ul Mawaddah)

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MORE VERSES

In Shawahid ut-Tanzeel, Hafiz Hakim al-Haskani al-Hanafi narrates that Ibne Abbas said: There is no verse in Qur’an that mentions “those who believe and do good deeds” except that Ali (as) is it’s leader.

There are 51 such verses in the Qur’an, and they are as follows:

Al-Baqarah: 25, 82, 277

Aal-e Imram: 57

An-Nisa: 57, 122, 157

Al-Maaidah: 9, 93

Al-A’raaf: 42

Yunus: 4, 9

Hud: 22

Ar-Ra’d: 29

Ibrahim: 23

Al-Kahf: 30, 107

Maryam: 96

Al-Hajj: 16, 23, 50, 56

An-Noor: 55

Ash-Shu’ara: 227

Ankaboot: 7, 9, 58

114

Ar-Room: 15, 45

Luqman: 8

As-Sajdah: 19

As-Saba: 4

Fatir: 7

Saad: 24, 28

Ghafir (Momin): 58

Fussilat: 8

Shura: 22, 23, 26

Al-Jaathiyah: 21, 30

Muhammad; 2, 12

Al-Fath: 29

At-Talaaq; 11

Al-Inshiqaq: 25

Al-Burooj: 25

At-Teen: 6

Al-Bayyinah: 7

Al-Asr: 3

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SOME NAMES OF ALI IN QUR’AN

Siraat (Al-Hijr: 41)

An-Najm (An-Nahl: 16)

Imam al-muttaqeen (Al-Furqan: 74)

Al-Haqq (Saba: 6)

Imam im-mubeen (Ya-Sin: 12)

Janbullah (Az-Zumar: 56)

Salih ul-momineen (At-Tahreem: 4)

Khair ul-Bariyyah (Al-Bayyinah: 7)

116

NON-SHIA REFERENCES

(In the order of their first appearance in the book)

Sulaiman Qandozi al-Hanafi: Yanabi-ul Mawaddah

Ibne Marduwayh

Hakim Nishapuri: Mustadrak

Tafseer al-Kashshaf

Ibne Hajar Makki: Sawa’iq al-Muharriqa

Tafseer an-Nishapuri

Suyuti: Durr al-Manthur

Tafseer of Ibnal Hajjaj

Waliallah Firangi Mahali

Shaibani: Kashful Bayan

Sahih an-Nasai

Al-Jama’ Bayn al-Sihah al-Sittah

Tha’labi: Tafseer al-Kabeer

Sharh al-Tajrid

Wahidi: Asbab an-Nuzool Tha’labi

Hamwayni: Al-Fara’id us-Simtain

Abu Na’im: Nuzool al-Qur’an

Daylami: Firdaus al-Akhbar

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Abu Nu’aim: Hilyat ul-Awliyah

Musnad al-Ahmed ibne Hanbal

Tareeq Ibne Asakir

Hakim al-Haskani: Shawahid ut-Tanzeel

Saheeh Bukhari

Ibnal Maghazli

Kifayat at-Talib, by Abdullah ibne Yousuf ash-Shaafa’i)

Al-Zarandi: Daarus-Simtain

Khawarizmi: Manaqib

Tabari: Zakhaer al-‘Uqba

Ibne Jauzi: Tazkirat al-Khawas

Tafseer al-Qurtabi

Manaqib al-Baghdadi

Tafseer al-Muqatil

Suyuti: Ihya al-Millat

Tafseer of Muhammad ibne Ahmed Qartobi

118

SHIA REFERENCES

(In the order of their first appearance in the book)

Bahrani: Ghayat al-Maram

Hadiqat ush-Shia

Al-Kafi

Tafseer e Imam Hasan Askari

Tafseer al-Ayashi

Rauzat al-Ahbab

An-Nazeeri: Khasaes al-Alawiyyah

Amali of Sheikh Mufeed

Tafseer of Mir Ahmed Ali and Ayatullah Puya

Bihar al-Anwar

Tafseer al-Qummi

Tafseer al-Majma’ul Bayan

Tafseer of Muhammad ibne Momin Shirazi

Sheikh Sadooq: An-Nusoos

Tafseer of Muhammad ibne Momin Shirazi

Tafseer al-Burhan

Tafseer al-Saafi

Sheikh Sadooq: ‘Ilal ush-Shara’eh

Minhaj us-Sadiqin

119

REQUEST FOR FATIHA

Mir Dawood Ali Khan

Mir Shujat Ali Khan

Fatima Sultana

Mir Himayat Ali Khan

Razia Sultana

Safia Sultana

Aqila Sultana

Mir Abbas Ali Moosavi

Zainab Begum

Syed Bahauddin Hussain Moosavi

Syed Mujtaba Hasan (Amer) Moosavi

Syed Fazle Hussain Moosavi

Syed Abbas Hussain Moosavi

Syed Razi Moosavi

Sultan Jahan Begum

Zahra Begum

Zahida Farhat

Samina Moosavi

Mir Hussain Ali Khan

Najam Unnisa Begum

Syed Ali Asghar Bilgrami

Amina Begum

Mohammad Ali ibne Noor Mohammad Momin

Hafiza binte Rajubhai Momin

Marhoomeen of family of Anishussain Momin

Marhoomeen of family of Nahid Momin

Mehdi Ali Mirza

Sakina Askari

Masooma Askari

Mir Sajjad Ali

120

Qammer Jahan Begum

Syed Abu Muhammad Razvi ibne Mir Tahniyat Ali Razvi

Syeda Shaher Bano Begum binte Mir Ali Ahmad Razvi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Ali in the Book of Allah

According to several traditions from multiple sources, there are more verses in the Holy Qur'an about Ali ibne Abi Talib than about any other relative or companion of Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him and his holy progeny. This book collects over 200 such verses with references.

  • Author: Ali Irfan
  • Published: 2016-10-14 05:20:18
  • Words: 12980
Ali in the Book of Allah Ali in the Book of Allah