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A Common Sense Appraisal of Evolution

A Common Sense Appraisal of Evolution

(The Truth Is In the Details)

Published by Paul Wilson at Shakespir

Copyright 2015 by Paul Wilson

Shakespir Edition, License Notes

This ebook is licensed for your personal enjoyment only. This ebook may not be re-sold or given away to other people. If you would like to share this book with another person, please purchase an additional copy for each recipient. If you’re reading this book and did not purchase it, or it was not purchased for your use only, then please return to your favorite ebook retailer and purchase your own copy. Thank you for respecting the hard work of this author.

Table of Contents (ToC)

 

Foreword

Chapter 1 – The Galaxy

Chapter 2 – The Solar System

Chapter 3 – The Planet

Chapter 4 – Life’s Beginning

Chapter 5 – Plants

Chapter 6 – Animals

Chapter 7 – Birds

Chapter 8 – Insects

Chapter 9 – Bacteria

Chapter 10 – Conclusions

Foreword

When reading about the THEORY of Evolution, you read about the how life came into existence and evolved from one species to another. I did not see or read anything about the details of how life sustained itself after it became alive.

This Short raises questions about the coincidences that surround the existence of the Earth as well as the THEORY.

Several years ago, I was prompted to write this Short. I worked on it sporadically and finally just dropped it.

Thankfully The Lord is faithful (even when we are not) and he gave me the desire to write this again. I worked on this for several months adding observations as The Lord showed them to me.

After reading this I think you too will realize that Evolution is not plausible.

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[]Chapter 1 – The Galaxy

According to [+ Wikipedia+] , our solar system is located in the exact position in Milky Way galaxy to support life. Father away from the center of the galaxy and the larger planets that tend to shield earth would not have been [+ formed+] . If earth was located closer to the center of the galaxy, the earth may not have been inhabitable .

Is it by chance that the Milky Way galaxy in a so perfectly situated position?

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[]Chapter 2 – The Solar System

The earth is located perfectly in the solar system and is the only known planet to support life .

The highest temperature ever recorded on Earth was 136 Fahrenheit (58 Celsius) in the Libyan desert. The coldest temperature ever measured was -126 Fahrenheit (-88 Celsius) at [+ Vostok Station+] in Antarctica. If the Earth was located any closer to the sun, it would too hot to support life, and any farther away it would be to cold.

Is it by chance that the Earth is positioned perfectly in our solar system?

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[]Chapter 3 – The Planet

About 3/4 of the earth’s surface is covered in water. Water is essential for all forms of life and it is the only known planet to have any liquid water.

The earth also has an abundance of resources that supports the 7.1+ billion people on it and countless animal life forms.

According to the NOAA website, the atmosphere is comprised of 5 different layers .

The Exosphere

This is the layer farthest away from the planet. The very top of this layer is 6200 miles high. This is the where satellites orbit the Earth. The bottom of the exosphere is about 375 miles above the earth.

The Thermosphere

This layer resides just below the Exosphere and ranges from 53 to 375 miles above the Earth. It is also is named the upper atmosphere.

This layer is still extremely thin, but it becomes denser the closer to Earth it is. This layer absorbs much of the ultraviolet and x-ray radiation from the sun, increasing it’s temperature.

Note how this layer protects life on earth by absorbing UV and x-ray energy.

Even though this layer absorbs the radiation and becomes hotter, it would not feel hot to the skin because it is very thin.

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The Mesosphere

This layer ranges from about 31 miles above the Earth’s surface to 53 miles. This layer also has increasing density as you would near the Earth. Near the bottom it would be about 5 degrees F.

This layer also has the benefit that it will slow down meteors and cause them to burn up. This layer and the next layer (the Stratosphere) are considered the middle atmosphere.

Note: This layer protects the earth from meteors.

The Stratosphere

The Stratosphere starts at about 4 miles up to about 31 miles above the surface. The Stratosphere has about 19% of the atmosphere’s gases, but very little water vapor.

In the Stratosphere the temperature increases as you go higher into it. The temperature increase is due to the creation of ozone.

The warmer air in this level prevents convection since there is warmer air above the Troposphere prevents the heat from rising. You can see this sometimes when high up clouds are flat on top. That is where the Stratosphere starts.

Note: This layer prevents the warmth on the earth from rising and dissipating into the upper atmospheres

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The Troposphere

The Troposphere is called the lower atmosphere and is where most of the weather occurs. It starts at the Earth’s surface and extends up app. 4 – 12 miles.

The Troposphere is thicker at the equator than it is at the poles. The temperature of the air in this level decreases as you rise through it.

Was it by chance that the Earth can support over 7 billion people and that the atmosphere protects all living things on Earth?

Earth’s Tilt

Universe today.com states that the earth was formed by at least two planets colliding and forming the planet.

If you smashed two balls (such as a snow balls or dirt balls) together do you think they would form a perfect sphere as was supposed to have happened to the Earth? Does it sound reasonable that the Atmosphere just happen to form as it did after this cataclysmic collision?

When they collided, the earth formed and it just happened to tilt the earth so we have the different seasons. It also started the Earth to rotate so we have day and night so that all of the Earth’s surfaces are bathed in the sun‘s warming light.

The angle of the Earth’s tilt is perfect so we have the seasons and they are exactly calibrated for life.

Does that sound reasonable that this collision just happened to tilt the earth and cause it to rotate on its axis and create the near perfectly calibrated seasons for life?

Freeze Thaw cycle – Physical and Biological Weathering

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Wikipedia states that physical and biological weathering is what breaks down the minerals in rocks and soil so that plants can absorb them

Physical Weather, (a.k.a. the freeze/thaw cycle) occurs in the colder climates that have freezing temperatures while biological or chemical weathering occurs in warm climates that do not get that cold. Some areas experience both, which speeds up the break down.

Bacteria would have to have been in the soil before plants could form in order for the minerals to be available for the plants

Magnetic core

According to [+ Universe Today+], the Earth has a solid core of iron that is surrounded by a liquid outer core. This arrangement produces a magnetic field that further protects the Earth from the radiation from space.

Is this too a coincidence?

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[]Chapter 4 – Life’s Beginning

Wikipedia states that all life sprang from a single cell organism.

It states that the first cell was very similar to the single cell organisms that we have today.

Wikipedia (and many more places) also states that life formed from a simple organic compound.

Organic means that it comes from living matter. How could the first living thing come from material that was once living if it is the first?

The Evolution Scientists have a lot of faith that life happened to form from minerals by lightning or a chemical combination. If that actually happened, we would see other life forms created the same way.

Let us assume that this one single living cell came to be as these evolution scientist say.

This cell had to become “hungry” very quickly. What did it eat? There was no other living thing on Earth that it could eat, as it was the first one. How long do you think it would live without food?

For the sake of the argument, let us assume that this cell was able to eat rocks and minerals. The cell would be in a very precarious situation. It just become living and did not have any ancestors that it learned how to survive from.

A newborn child cannot survive left on it’s own. Does it sound reasonable that this cell did?

Again, for the sake of argument let us say it did survive. How did it reproduce? It must have had that ability when it became alive as it could not have learned it, or evolved as it did not live that long.

Does it make sense that this lone cell would automatically know how to reproduce?

According to [+ regentsprep.org+] in order for a living thing to survive, it must achieve homeostasis or equilibrium with its environment.

Yet another coincidence that this cell obtained homeostasis the instance it was “born”

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[]Chapter 5 – Plants

In chapter 4 we reviewed the supposed beginning of life on Earth.

Plants are living things also. Where did they come from? Did they evolve from the single cell organism also?

The Quantity of New Life

Assuming that life forms came from this single cell. This cell would have had to start reproducing and then at some point one of its off spring, tens of thousands of years later, evolved into one form of aquatic animal life. Then tens of thousands of years later, that off spring would have evolved into a different form and so on until all the different aquatic life forms were there. One of the off springs would have had to evolve into aquatic plant life too. Another would have evolved into water borne bacteria. This would have been many billions of years.

That would mean that an ancestor of the cell planted itself and developed into the tens of thousands of plants that now populate the Earth. That first plant would have to have lived a long time to develop reproductive ability.

As these plants developed reproductive abilities what pollinated them? The plants would have been long dead before bees “evolved”.

Does this sound as if it could have happened?

Seeds

[+ Scientific America+] states that many plants grow fruit to protect their seeds. These seeds need to spread out in order to grow new plants. As we know, many fruit has the seeds inside of the fruit. Many plants grow fruit to enclose and protect their seeds as well as give the seed nutrients for when they sprout. The seeds would then need to spread out away from the originating plant. Animals like to eat the fruit of many plants. After they eat them and move away from the plant that bore the fruit, they excrete the seeds since they are not digested. In addition, when the seeds are excreted, there is some fertilizer to help the seeds grow when they sprout. This is known as seed dispersal. Scientific America states that this is a strategy.

Some plants do not have multiple seeds; they only produce one seed per fruit. These types of plants usually have a large amount of fruit around the seed to protect it.

Does it sound reasonable that plants developed these dispersal “strategies” on their own? If they came up with the strategies during their evolution, it does not make sense that they would have survived with all the animals, insects and birds eating seeds. How did they try out these strategies?, evolution would take tens of thousands of years and if one strategy didn’t work, the species could be wiped out within a few years. Wikipedia states that a strategy is a high-level plan. A plan indicates a level of intelligence, from a PLANT?

It is a plan all right, but not from plants.

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[]Chapter 6 – Animals

At some point during the process, one of the aquatic life forms had to decide to try living on land. We all know that take a fish out of water and it will soon die, as it cannot breathe air directly.

Let’s assume somehow this aquatic life form did come out of the water. We would also need to assume that one creature had an idea to crawl onto land. Naturally that would fail as it could not breathe, but somehow it passed that desire onto its off spring and at some point one generation crawled onto land. There is still nothing on dry land to eat, but also assume that it too is eating dirt and minerals. If plants were somehow already there, it would have died of starvation because it would have to learn to eat plants over time. How would this life form reproduce since there is only one?

We will assume that is was able to reproduce and billions of years down the road it evolved into the animals, fowl, plants, insects and bacteria that we have on land now.

This does not make sense to me, does it to you?

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[]Chapter 7 – Birds

Arbotopia estimated that there are about 10,000 different bird species.

This same site also estimates that there are 100 to 400 billion birds on the planet.

What do Wild Birds Eat?

The smallest bird (Humming birds) eats nectar from flowers, while slightly larger birds (sparrows) will eat smaller seeds like sunflower seeds, worms and small insects. Other birds (like pelicans) live on/by the water and dive for fish. The larger birds (hawks) will dive from the sky and grab rabbits or other small animals to eat. They often times eat other birds also.

Other large birds like geese, will eat grass, while ducks and swans will eat off the bottom of ponds and lakes by diving to eat off the bottom. Some birds steal from other birds (gulls) and yet other birds (crows and vultures) will eat dead animals.

Now, one can assume that for when the fish eating birds evolved, the fish had evolved in the water already. So they had an ample food source. That does beg the question however, how did the first gull or pelican learn to fish for food before it died of starvation?

For the meat eating birds, they must have evolved after the animals, or they would have starved also. The plant product eaters and insect eaters would have to come after plants and insects too.

If the insects evolved first, they would have overrun the earth. Any vegetation would have been consumed within the first year of two, not thousands of years that bird evolution would take since they did not have any birds or animals to control them.

Do you still think evolution is a viable theory?

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[]Chapter 8 – Insects

Some scientists estimate that there are upwards of 30 million different type of insects on the planet. It also estimated that there are 10 quintillion (10,000,000,000,000,000,000) insects roaming the planet.

What do insects eat?

[+ Scolastic.com+] states they will eat just about anything. There are many different insects and each one may eat something different. Many eat plants, while others eat other insects and still others like dead things, or even blood. If you drop particles of food on the floor, that will attract roaches or ants.

With 30 million types of insects, it seems that would have taken trillions of years for all those insects to evolve.

So what did they eat when they evolved? Had the right type of plant already evolved for each insect that lives off plants? For the insects that eat other insects, what did they live on until their food source evolved?

How did they end up in just the right location on Earth to survive?

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[]Chapter 9 – Bacteria

Wikipedia states that bacteria breaks down dead animals through a process called putrefaction. Fixation of nitrogen is the process of breaking down chemical compounds into nitrogen, which is performed by bacteria. Nitrogen is what plants use as food.

Wikipedia estimates that there are approximately 5,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 bacteria on earth.

I will assume (again) that the first bacteria evolved from the first single cell organism tens of thousands of years after that first cell was formed. It would have been tens of thousands of years later that the water would have been populated with bacteria also. When the first fish took a walk on land, I am sure that bacteria was on the land walker’s skin. That would explain how bacteria got on land, but how could it survive on dry land after living in the water. They would dry up and die.

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[]Chapter 10 – Conclusions

In the past scientists have been fooled by other hoaxes, and I think evolution is the largest and longest running hoax in history.

Consider all the coincidences that had to occur for evolution to be true.

Our galaxy’s location in the universe

Our solar systems location in the galaxy

Earths distance from the sun

The earth’s formation and the tilt of it

The atmosphere

Liquid water

All types life created, but how did any survive?

It does not make sense that all these things just happened by chance.

Life on Earth happened due to a very detailed plan.

God created the universe, the galaxy, the solar system, the earth and all things on it in [+ 6 days.+]

His plan was to have all the support systems in place for each form of life to survive. Not only food and surroundings, but also he instilled in every creation how to survive and reproduce. It was built into their DNA. Every generation born after that also has that as part of God’s plan.

When you look at the details, how can anyone actually believe that evolution happened?

God’s plan makes perfect sense, Evolution makes no sense.

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A Common Sense Appraisal of Evolution

  • ISBN: 9781311954190
  • Author: Paul Wilson
  • Published: 2015-10-17 02:40:09
  • Words: 3075
A Common Sense Appraisal of Evolution A Common Sense Appraisal of Evolution